Hallow Atwood Twizzle 1181 Wins Grand at Balmoral Show

Winning the champions of champions sash for the first time at Balmoral was Philip Jones of Hallow Holsteins.

The Hallow Holsteins team made it a clean sweep in the breed championship earlier in the day, taking champion, reserve and honourable mention in the Holstein finale.

Beating off stiff competition in the interbreed class, under the eye of stalwart judge Meurig James, was their homebred heifer, Hallow Atwood Twizzle 1181, classified VG88 as a two-year-old.

Holstein champion cow at Balmoral

Holstein Interbreed Dairy Champion

Sired by Atwood and out of Hallow Advent Twizzle, she last calved in December and is currently giving 45 litres daily at 3.5% protein and 4% butterfat.

She is no stranger to the showring, having won honourable mention at the Royal Ulster Winter Fair last year.

She now heads home to the Jones’ 80-cow herd in Gorey, Wexford, to rest and will return to Ulster in December where Philip hopes she’ll repeat her performance.


EU dairy could suffer in trade war with US – Irish products hardest hit

A new report from Rabobank says the makings of a trade war between the US and the EU are brewing, and it’s not good news for European dairy.

On April 12, 2019, the United States Trade Representative (USTR) announced it is considering levying additional tariffs on European products included in 317 tariff codes, valued at approximately $21bn.

The US list of 317 European products includes 44 dairy tariff codes, which cover European butter, yogurt and cheese varieties with a 2018 import value of $1bn.  However, of the more than 400 tariff codes on the EU list, only 11 include dairy products, and US dairy exports to the EU valued only $100m.

The recent announcement publicizes a more-than-a-decade-old dispute between the US and the EU. While butter, cheese, and yogurt imports account for a small percentage of US supply, and EU exports to the US represent a small percentage of European output, additional tariffs on selected European dairy exports to the US will create winners and losers, the authors of the report said.

EU affected more than US

Mary Ledman, global strategist – dairy at Rabobank, said, “In general, specialty European cheeses are high value and not necessarily as price sensitive at the retail level.  However, a 100% surcharge on top of an already pricey product could have customers choosing a less-expensive domestic cheese or non-EU import.

“Many imported European cheeses are marketed and distributed by specialty food companies, which also carry domestic specialty cheeses in their product lines. As a result, an additional 100% tariff on European cheeses is likely to reduce the competitiveness of European cheeses in the US market, decrease the promotional activity of European cheeses, encourage US consumers to explore less-costly domestic specialty cheeses, and provide a competitive advantage to non-EU imported specialty cheeses.”

The report notes that the EU stands to lose more than the US, because US imports of European dairy products far exceed European imports of US dairy.

In this case, the winners would include, but not be limited to, the specialty dairy manufacturers across the US and in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, and other non-EU countries.

Biggest losers

Individually, the biggest loser is likely to be Ireland, with nearly 34,500 metric tons of annual dairy exports at risk of higher tariffs.  Rabobank said nearly all US imports of Irish butter and cheese are covered under the 44 codes. More than 96% of cheese imported from France, Spain and the UK are included, as well as 75% from Denmark and Germany, and almost 50% of Italian cheese could be affected.

The US annual allocation of licensed EU butter is 9,616 metric tons and, as a result, Rabobank said the vast majority of Irish butter is subjected to the non-licensed TRQ rate of $1.541/kg. The report says the worst-case scenario is that if an additional 100% tariff was applied, US consumers would be paying double for European butter – and European branded butter is already twice the cost of US branded butter.Collectively, Rabobank said, the EU-28 can ill afford to lose the US as a market for more than 100,000 metric tons of cheese, especially with the uncertainty of a hard Brexit looming, which would place the UK’s 400,000 metric ton cheese market up for grabs.


Defender Daughter Wins Grand at Polish Solarka Show

In the opinion of a Marc Nutsford from the United Kingdom, the Holstein-Friesian animals awarded with the titles at the Polish Solarka show could be successfully presented on European rings.  There where 135 cattle, of which 74 were cows and 61 heifers.  Grand Champion Holstein was awarded to the second lactation ISKRA sired by DEFENDER, bred in OHZ “Żołędnica” Sp. z o. o.  

Grand Champion Heifer was named  SOLANA sired by DENVER, born in August 2018. She comes from Gospodarstwo Rolne Klupś Artur Marek, Pępowo.

Name No cat. Owner Rating
Heifers 10-11 months of the PHF breed


Klup farm estate Artur Marek, Pępowo CHAMPION




Gospodarstwo Rolne Ewa Jończyk, Garzewo WICECZEMPION
Jalówki 12-13 months of the PHF breed


Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej Kamieniec Ząbkowicki Sp. z o. o CHAMPION


Gospodarstwo Rolne Ewa Jończyk, Garzewo WICECZEMPION
Heifers 14-15 months of the PHF breed


Gospodarstwo Rolno Hodowlane Żydowo Sp. z o. o CHAMPION
KOZA 819-2


“FORTUNE” Sp. z oo, Cieszymowo WICECZEMPION
Heifers of 16-18 months of PHF breed of the black and white variety
NICE 255 93 Stud Koni Dobrzyniewo Sp. z o. o., Dobrzyniewo CHAMPION
GP / SABAR SSTAR 101 Przedsiębiorstwo Rolniczo-Hodowlane “Gałopol” Sp. z oo in Gałów WICECZEMPION
Heifers of 16-18 months of the PHF strain of the red-white variety
MONIKA 111 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej “Głogówek” Sp. z o. o., Głogówek CHAMPION
TILLY 115 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej “Głogówek” Sp. z o. o., Głogówek WICECZEMPION
Heifers 19-21 months of the PHF breed
DUMA 139 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej Lubiana Sp. z oo, Lubiana CHAMPION
LOWER 124 Animal Breeding “Żołędnica” Sp. z oo, Żołędnica WICECZEMPION
Cows of the PHF type of the black and white variety
CHOJNA 155 Animal Breeding “Żołędnica” Sp. z oo, Żołędnica CHAMPION
LILLY 6 153 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej Kamieniec Ząbkowicki Sp. z o. o WICECZEMPION
Cows in II lactation breed PHF black and white
ISKRA 209 Animal Breeding “Żołędnica” Sp. z oo, Żołędnica CHAMPION


GOOSE 191 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej Lubiana Sp. z oo, Lubiana WICECZEMPION
Cows in III lactation and older breeds of PHF variety in black and white
ALICE 249 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej Lubiana Sp. z oo, Lubiana CHAMPION
ALICE 250 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej Lubiana Sp. z oo, Lubiana WICECZEMPION
Cows of the PHF red-white variety
MATULA 1 265 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej “Głogówek” Sp. z o. o., Głogówek CHAMPION
KRYTA 270 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej “Przerzeczyn Zdrój” Sp. z o. o WICECZEMPION
Cows in II lactation and older breeds PHF variety of red and white
BULB 280 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej “Głogówek” Sp. z o. o., Głogówek CHAMPION
REGINA 285 Ośrodek Hodowli Zarodowej “Głogówek” Sp. z o. o., Głogówek WICECZEMPION
Polish Red Cows
SPRING 1 299 Smaga Krzysztof, Stróża CHAMPION
CHADA 1 290 Paweł Piechówka, Jodłownik WICECZEMPION
Jersey cows
BRIGHTNESS 98 317 Stud Koni Iwno Sp. z oo, Iwno CHAMPION


FREZJA 53 314 Stadnina Koni Michałów Sp. z o. o., Michałów WICECZEMPION
Simmental cows
CINDY 330 Stadnina Koni Pępowo Sp. z o. o., Pępowo CHAMPION
KAMA 332 Gospodarstwo Rolno Gospodrzowe Bryś Daniel, Korczyna WICECZEMPION
Montbeliarde breed cow
KOCIA 6 334 “BAS” Agricultural Plant Andrzej Seńko, Gostyń Szczeciński CHAMPION
LUŚKA IV 335 “BAS” Agricultural Plant Andrzej Seńko, Gostyń Szczeciński WICECZEMPION

No shortage of accolades for multi-generational Jersey enterprise

More than 70 years and three generations have got Bushlea Farms in South Gippsland to where it is today.

The dairy farm and Jersey stud at Koonwarra, in South Gippsland, is a team effort run by Wayne and Lisa Kuhne and their 11-year-old daughter Ruby along with Wayne’s parents Keith and Pat.

They are continuing a legacy started by Wayne’s grandparents, Norm and Marge, who began milking agisted Jersey cows in 1945, and it’s those exact bloodlines that are still part of their herd today.

“Four of the cow families bought back then are still in the herd,” Wayne said.

“We’ve always had Jerseys they’ve been good to us. Their feed efficiency is good and they’re a good=sized cow to work with. We find them trouble-free.”

Working on 194ha, the Kuhnes milk 400 cows, having slowly increased milking numbers from 370 in the past few years.

“Once we finish calving later in the year we’ll be at 450 milkers,” Wayne said.

“With the improvements to the farm over the years we’ve picked up more milking area. We’re now milking to what we’re able to milk — it’s been a natural progression.”

On a roll: Employees Will Thorson and Courtney Pulhan with Bushlea Jersey stud’s managers Wayne and Lisa Kuhne and Wayne’s parents Keith and Path Kuhne. The Kuhnes began milking Jerseys in 1945 and some of the original bloodlines are still in the herd.

The Kuhnes bought two new properties at Koonwarra back in 2000. They continued to milk at Keith and Pat’s farm for the following two years while they improved pasture, laneways and water infrastructure on the new farms in addition to building a new dairy.

“We owned the farm for two years before we did any of those things, so we were able to take our time and work things through,” Wayne said.

“When we left Mum and Dad’s place we milked in a six-a-side herringbone. The last year we milked there we milked 170 cows, which was about eight hours of milking a day.”


THEIR 20-a-side rapid-exit dairy, built in 2002, has sped up the milking process.

“We went to 20 or so dairies and took different things we liked from each dairy, put it all together and built this one,” Wayne said.

“We can milk 220-240 cows an hour with the rapid exit.”

The rapid exit is similar to a conventional herringbone according to Wayne, but each stall lifts away from the front of the cow, allowing each cow to walk straight out, speeding up the process.

Wayne’s father Keith is in 70s and still “loves milking cows”.

“Dad and I milk every morning, and the afternoon milking we rotate around. I don’t mind getting up — mornings are the best milking,” Wayne said.

School student Zali Deenen helps with weekend milkings, while full-time employee Courtney Pulhan, takes on afternoon shifts.

The Kuhnes take control of pasture improvements and fodder conservation, with the help of part-time employee, Willis Thorson, who does most of the tractor work.

Wayne said they were now preparing to re-sow pasture and break their annual pasture improvements into blocks of 50-80ha each year.

Fertiliser blends are applied between six to eight times a year on the milking blocks — depending on the autumn break and amount of rain — and four to five times a year on the two outblocks of 61ha and 97ha, which are used as heifer and bull blocks.


THE Kuhnes have supplied milk to ACM for about 12 months; a decision based on price and the fact ACM is Australian owned.

“Their payment system suits our milk flow system. When we met with them we were really happy; it’s been an excellent change,” Wayne said.

Herd production floats between 6000 and 7000 litres and around 550kg of milk solids.

“(Milk solid) has been up around 600kg, but it just depends on the price of commodities — the price of the broader feed we have to bring in — and what we’re getting paid, to the production we end up with. Production will be down a bit this year with the cost of grain and hay,” Wayne said.

“Over the past couple of years milking more cows, we’ve concentrated more on farm production rather than per cow production. Per cow (production) I don’t think reflects profitably.

“Profitability and per cow production are two different things.”

When it comes to farming, Wayne said there were only certain things you could control and they were the things you should try to do well.

“Those you can’t control, you just have to work with,” he said.

“I’m pretty optimistic about the industry. There seems to be so much negativity, but I wish there was more positivity.”

“The cows; it’s my family business, where I’ve grown up and where my daughter is growing up. It’s my life and it’s more than a job. Yes it’s a lifestyle, but it’s a business as well.

“I think I have the perspective that things can be a lot worse. You can go to lots of different places around the world and it’s a lot worse. We need to keep that in mind at times.”

Queen of Jerseys: Keith, Wayne and Ruby Kuhne have enjoyed success in the dairy show ring.


CALVING is split between February and March and a second in July and August.

“Calving was always about 50:50, but now it’s more two thirds in July and August,” Wayne said.

“We haven’t done it on purpose, it’s just worked that way when cows have got in calf. But it’s working out and suiting the farm better now.

“In years gone by we could make good money in the autumn, but I don’t think we quite get paid as much we used to in autumn — commodities to make milk in autumn have got too expensive.

“We used to be able to push autumn calvers, but now we set out with ‘this’ what we can afford to feed and ‘this’ is the production we’ll get.”

All 900 cattle are registered under the Bushlea prefix.

“It is a costly exercise and that’s why I say if you’re doing it you have to be prepared to sell those good animals,” Wayne said.

All females are reared along with about 80 bulls selected on pedigree at birth.

Wayne said “without a doubt” the biggest offshoot to the stud was their private, on-farm bull sales, with 80 bulls sold annually. Trying to a find a bull that ticks all the boxes could be tricky, Wayne said.

“One of biggest things is trying to find an outcross — it can get quite closed with inbreeding,” he said.

“We look at bulls from across Australia, US, Europe and Canada, so it does take time.”


BUSHLEA embryos have sold around Australia and internationally and Wayne said they often traded embryos.

“We’ve had 25 on-farm sales over the years with 21 annual sales. But when we bought the property at Koonwarra we ceased the sales to build numbers,” Wayne said.

In 2017, the Kuhnes sold their cow Bushlea Van Fernleaf 10 EX-93, at a Global Impact Sale at Camden Showgrounds in NSW for an Australian record price of $50,000.

“In January 2017 Van Fernlean 10 was supreme champion at IDW (International Dairy Week at Tatura) as a four-year-old cow,” Wayne said.

“After she won that, we thought it was a great opportunity to sell her; being such a young cow to win that title, she had so many years in front of her.”

Van Fernleaf went on to win supreme champion again at IDW in 2018 for her new owners, a US-Canadian-Australian syndicate.

While the Kuhnes have eased off the number of shows they attend, they still like to “put their cattle out there for promotion” at International Dairy Week and Warragul Show.

“We like to present them as well as we can,” Wayne said.

“We say the judge is judging, but also there are other people watching and other exhibitors, so it’s important that cows are presented as well as they can be.

“When you have a good show you take it. When you don’t, you move on”.

Source: WeeklyTimes

Genomics revolution lifts dairy farm production

A high-tech revolution is occurring on Australian dairy farms but it’s not one that’s readily visible. The technology is not a bright, shiny piece of machinery, nor some fancy computer software.

But it’s embedded in almost every calf born on dairy farms and is having a profound impact despite being around for only a decade.

It’s genomics – the use of genetic information (in the form of DNA markers) to predict the performance of animals. This is being used to select the best performing animals from which to breed -both the bull sires bred by artificial breeding companies worldwide to supply semen to the dairy industry and the heifers and cows used by farmers to breed replacement animals.

Australian Professor Ben Hayes was one of the co-inventors of the genomic prediction technology and led much of the work that saw it adapted into the Australian dairy industry’s breeding values.

He told the Herd ’19 conference at Bendigo, Vic, in March that the technology had delivered on much of its early promise.

Farmers at both that conference and the Australian Dairy Conference in Canberra in February described how they were using genomic information as a routine part of breeding decisions on their farms.

But a word of warning was sounded at the Bendigo conference – with a Dutch herd improvement manager providing insight into unintended consequences of genomic selection.

Prof Hayes told the conference the idea that DNA could be used to identify the best performing animals had been researched since the 1960s.


Source: North Queensland Register

An Iowa Couple Is Dairy Farming For a Climate-Changed World. Can It Work?

Researchers and advocates have billed agricultural soil managementas a powerful tool to capture and sequester carbon from the atmosphere and counteract global climate change. A coalition of international scientists has said the world must take drastic action in the coming years to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, steps that will rely on key industries like agriculture. But on one farm in central Iowa, a scientist’s greenhouse gas research is leading to tough questions about how to manage her own land.

Kevin and Ranae Dietzel’s dairy farm in central Iowa’s Hamilton County is not your average operation, in a state known for its incredible scale of corn and soybeans production. Reaching their 80 acre dairy farm on an early spring morning this April means driving past vast open stretches of bare earth warming in the sun, conventional corn and bean farms that largely haven’t had living roots in the ground since last year’s crop. In this area there aren’t many fences to speak of; livestock have been largely taken off the land in recent decades, and corralled by the hundreds or thousands in feedlots or long, narrow barns.  

But on the Dietzels’s Lost Lake Farm, there are just a handful of animals. Kevin points out a particularly friendly cow, and a newborn calf, gangly on too-tall legs.

“This is Ola. And this is Basa! The first, and so far only calf of the year,” Kevin says.

The Dietzels didn’t want to run a large-scale operation, and say they couldn’t afford it if they wanted to. It was hard enough to pull together their farm as it is now: as of this April they had a core herd of 14 milking cows, 5 heifers and 8 yearling heifers on about 80 acres. The Dietzels turn their milk into artisan cheese and sell it directly to customers at farmers’ markets and grocery stores, sidestepping a notoriously volatile milk market. In an area where farms often run 1,000 acres or more, the Dietzels’ approach is almost unheard of.

“I feel like we’re helping with the ecosystem and wildlife and so forth in a lot of ways that if we had cropland we would not be […] there are just so many things that fit with us philosophically with this type of system.” – Kevin Dietzel, Lost Lake Farm

In a landscape defined by two annual crops, the Dietzels grow a mix of perennial grasses and legumes, without the use of synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, instead relying on compost. They’ve reduced their tillage and they rotationally graze their grass-fed cows.

“So for us that means moving them to a new piece of grass twice a day. And so that helps with distributing those nutrients,” Kevin said. “It’s better for the soil because all that stuff that’s getting trampled will get incorporated.”

Cows move across the land like wild elk and bison used to, before Iowa’s vast native prairiewas plowed under, steadily grazing and moving on, stamping down plant matter and mixing in their manure as they go. This process promotes plant growth and nourishes the soil, helping fuel the bacteria, fungi and insects that maintain the rich, dark earth Iowa is famous for.

Looking out over the rolling hills of this farm, there are groves of bur oak, hackberry, ash and elm trees, a small winding creek the cows love to poke around in. On many conventional farms, these areas would be considered unproductive, the trees a nuisance, the waterways in need of artificial drainage called tiling. On the Dietzels’ farm there are tree swallows and frogs, signs of biodiversity and a healthier ecosystem.

“Where the green ends is where our property ends,” Kevin said, laughing. Looking out over the rolling hills, another farmer is at work applying synthetic fertilizer to a neighboring field, the engine whirring in the distance.

“I feel like we’re helping with the ecosystem and wildlife and so forth in a lot of ways that if we had cropland we would not be,” Kevin said. “There are just so many things that fit with us philosophically with this type of system.”

The name of the land itself, Lost Lake Farm, is an homage to Iowa before European settlement. The Dietzels’ land lies on the shores of what was Lake Cairo, once a massive lake on the prairie, that farmers deemed an obstacle and drained awayby installing a system of underground tile lines.

“Where the green ends is where our property ends.” – Kevin Dietzel, Lost Lake Farm

Ranae and Kevin returned to Hamilton County to raise their two young kids and start their farm, in part because they’re passionate about creating a viable future in a rural community. Both of their families have been farming in the Upper Midwest going back multiple generations. But they set up their farm the way they did in part because they’re deeply concerned about climate change.

Off the farm, Ranaeis a soil scientist working on her post-doctorate research at Iowa State University, where she focuses on greenhouse gas emissions. For her Ph.D., she looked at adding carbon to the soil, comparing outcomes across systems of prairie and corn. She’s painfully aware of how agricultural emissions fuel the world’s climate change problem, and how farmers are situated in the crosshairs of the damaging effects that follow.  

“I went into it being like, specifically because I thought, ok I want to help with agriculture’s big contribution to this greenhouse gas problem,” Ranae said.

Agriculture accounts for about 10 percentof the country’s emissions, particularly from soil, livestock and manure management, which can release nitrous oxide and methane, greenhouse gases that are many times more powerful than carbon dioxide.

When Dietzel got into the field, she said researchers were really excited about soil carbon sequestration. Some have gone so far as to posit the practice could “save the earth”.The world’s soils hold an immense amount of carbon– three times the amount in the atmosphere, according to some analyses. Capitalizing on the earth’s ability to retain carbon could have far-reaching effects for greenhouse gas mitigation, advocates say.

“I was like, this is so exciting, we could plant all these cover crops and this could just like totally save us and I was so excited […]and then when I got into it I personally started feeling like, I don’t know about this.” Ranae Dietzel, soil scientist, Iowa State University

Through the natural process of photosynthesis, plants pull carbon dioxide out of the air, and sink it into the soil, where it fuels a vast web of microbes. These microbes break down organic matter that plants need to grow, retaining some carbon in the soil, and also releasing some carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere.  

A slate of practices are thought to boost carbon levels in the soil, including planting cover crops, counteracting erosion, reducing tillage and limiting the use of synthetic fertilizers. If enough farmers took these steps on a global scale, vast amounts of greenhouse gases could be pumped into the soil, Dietzel thought.

“I was like, this is so exciting, we could plant all these cover crops and this could just like totally save us, and I was so excited,” Ranae said. “And then when I got into it I personally started feeling like, I don’t know about this.”

In the years since Dietzel got into the field, some scientists have grown more skepticalof the potential of soil carbon sequestration. Subsequent research has found that the soil’s capacity to store carbon has been greatly overestimated, and rising temperatures could induce microbes to release more carbon dioxidethan previously thought, turning the world’s soils into a net carbon source, instead of a sink.

“That’s what I worry about, just the false sense of security I think can be really strong because everybody wants that sense of security, right? And everybody wants to be reassured.” – Ranae Dietzel, soil scientist, Iowa State University

A host of questions and uncertainties remain. But based on her own research and the analysis of others in the field, Ranae says soil carbon storage is not the silver bulletshe thought it was, despite the attention from researchers, advocates and policymakers.

“That’s what I worry about, just the false sense of security I think can be really strong because everybody wants that sense of security, right? And everybody wants to be reassured. And it sounds so simple, so why not do it?”  

Dietzel says the bulk of agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions stem from land conversion; the greatest damage was done when farmers first plowed the vast expanse of prairie, draining marshes, wetlands and lakes.

Ranae’s research and scrutiny of soil’s ability to sequester carbon long-term has led to some difficult questions on Lost Lake Farm, spurring the Dietzels to wonder if their conservation practices are a net carbon sink, or whether they should invest in other ways to trap carbon and cut emissions.

So far, Kevin and Ranae are striving to keep their farm diverse: they’re maintaining living roots in the ground nearly year-round, curbing erosion and runoff; they’re cutting out carbon-intensive synthetic inputs like pesticides and fertilizers and they rarely rely on diesel engines (Kevin generally covers the 80 acres on foot). These practices keep them more resilient in changing weather and better able to handle stretches of drought and pounding rains, even if some of those same practices could mean boosting microbial communities that could release more greenhouse gas emissions in the long-term.

“All of these practices, there are really good things that come out of them. It just may not be greenhouse gas mitigation,” Ranae said.

Even with Ranae’s intimate knowledge of ag emissions, Kevin says he struggles to see what more he could do on their farm.

“I think we think more about the being adaptable to climate change than our impact,” Kevin said. “Not that I don’t think about it, but I feel like there’s only so much I can do there.”

“Everybody needs to remember the basic economics […] Decisions were made that got us to where we are today, so decisions can be made to take us in a different direction.” – Mike Duffy, emeritus economics professor, Iowa State University

Ultimately many of their decisions come down to, how will they pay their bills? So far they haven’t invested in renewable energy sources like wind or solar that they suspect could do considerably more to offset emissions on their farm. Mike Duffy is an emeritus economics professor at Iowa State University and says finances are the guiding reality for many farmers.

“Everybody needs to remember the basic economics,” Duffy says.

Federal programs support larger, conventional farms, which generally rely heavily on fossil fuels, for synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, a fleet of farm vehicles with diesel engines and a dependency on international freight and trade networks to ultimately get their products to consumers.

Duffy says these farmers aren’t necessarily feeling the cost of their emissions. To have different outcomes we need to change behavior and change incentivesto encourage conservation practices and diversification, he says, and that could mean huge investments from the public and private sector, andchanges to federal farm policiesas we know them.

“Decisions were made that got us to where we are today, so decisions can be made to take us in a different direction,” Duffy says.

This kind of buy-in from the public, and the sweeping investments from governments and corporate interests and the coordination to get it all done, is not unheard of, says University of Iowa environmental economist Silvia Secchi. The country fought World War II, made it to the moon, and eradicated polio. But if the United States is going to take the steps to promote sustainable agriculture at scale, public consensus is vital, she says.

“It’s not totally pie in the sky, Secchi said. “It’s more like, do we want to do more of the same, or do we want to put in an effort to change things?”

Without structural changes to federal crop insurance programs and subsidies for preferred products, it’s not clear how many farmers can fight the economic tide and do what the Dietzels are doing – wrestling with the challenges of regenerative ag and climate change, while raising their young kids in rural Iowa. And unless more farmers can make a living in rural farming communities, it’s not clear who all will be there to help mitigate climate change, imperfect and uncertain as some of the solutions are.

“We just can’t abandon these areas, right?” Ranae said. “So it’s better to try and keep these stronger places but it’s hard to stay here unless you come up with your own way to do it.”


Fonterra’s Cooperative Structure Inadequate for China

Underpinning Problem with Beingmate acquisition was Information vacuum.

The topic that nobody dare introduce into the latest Fonterra production set back in China is the ability of a national cooperative to perform to expectation in China.

In the Beingmate episode there are a succession of coordinates emerging, official, anecdotal, and hearsay that indicate that the Fonterra management back in New Zealand was being sent a very distorted view of what was actually going on in China.

There are signs that there was a constant information deficit and one which even close personal relationships adding up to a controlling interest in Beingmate failed in the event to overcome.

A cooperative structure means a producer-led emphasis..

Now the question that everyone is afraid to ask.

Is it now time that Fonterra started looking at establishing marketing partnerships with the food majors that have the market intelligence channels in China that Fonterra must now accept that the evidence proves that it lacks?

We are talking here of global food companies such as Nestle, the world’s largest.

The Anglo Dutch Unilever would be another such example.

There are many others.

The evidence seeping out about the Beingmate affair is that the tell-tale signals were always there, most noticeably the internal structural shufflings within the larger group.

There is also the matter of the suitability of a cooperative such as Fonterra seeking to implement its value added strategy in China.

There is in China the reluctance at all levels and by all sectors to part with foreign currency.

This will lead to the issue of the degree to which shares in this kind of venture and in this kind of jurisdiction should be part or fully paid.

When Fonterra so recently embarked upon the Beingmate acquisition it was cited as a “game changer” for the New Zealand milk producer cooperative.

Nobody doubts that it has been.

Though not in the sense originally intended.


SourceMSC NewsWire

Dairy Industry Cheers Rollback of Tariffs That Bolsters USMCA Chances

U.S. dairy officials today congratulated the governments of the United States, Mexico and Canada for reaching an agreement to roll back metal tariffs that have soured U.S.-Mexico cheese trade and slowed passage of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).

The United States agreed to end Section 232 tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from its North American neighbors. In return, U.S. dairy officials expect that Mexico will drop their retaliatory tariffs against U.S. dairy products – including duties as high as 25 percent on U.S. cheese exports to Mexico.

“This is an important development for the U.S. dairy industry, and we applaud the hard work of negotiators from all three countries that made it possible as well as the numerous members of Congress that have insisted upon the need to resolve the Section 232 metal tariffs dispute with our North American partners,” said Tom Vilsack, president and CEO of the U.S. Dairy Export Council. “If Mexico lifts its tariffs on U.S. dairy in response, it would be a welcome return to normalcy with our number one export market. It would also build vital momentum for swiftly advancing USMCA towards passage.”

“America’s struggling dairy farmers are in need of some good news, and today’s announcement certainly helps,” said Jim Mulhern, president and CEO of the National Milk Producers Federation. “This paves the way for Mexico to drop retaliatory tariffs that have harmed dairy, and for Congress to take its next step to help our producers – to vote on USMCA and quickly ratify it.”

Mexico is, by far, America’s biggest dairy customer, with $1.4 billion in sales last year. U.S. products accounted for 80 percent of Mexican dairy imports by value in 2018, but that dominant market share was being jeopardized by the retaliatory tariffs.

The tariffs were likewise making it politically difficult for Congress to pass USMCA – a pact that modernizes the North American Free Trade Agreement, maintains U.S. dairy sales into Mexico, expands dairy market access in Canada, and reforms many nontariff barriers.

Vilsack and Mulhern also stressed the importance of finding similar common ground with China, which also slapped retaliatory tariffs on U.S. dairy exporters in 2018 and recently upped the ante by hiking them further on some products. As a result of last year’s move by China, U.S. exports to that fast-growing dairy market fell by more than 40 percent in the first quarter of 2019 compared to the same period last year. NMPF and USDEC have consistently advocated the urgency of resolving both the 232 and China disputes to allow our exporters to compete effectively in those markets.


Source: NMPF

OCD Av Lioness-Red Tops The 8th Edition of the Spring Sensation Sale at $26,500

The 8th Edition of the Spring Sensation Sale 2019 has concluded was held on a beautiful spring Saturday, the bidding was active in person and online. On 81 lots the sale averaged $4046.   The sale was hosted by Jonathan & Alicia Lamb with Cattle Exchange managing. Topping the sale was Lot 1, OCD Av Lioness-Red, a big-time fall calf for 2019. She was purchased for $26,500 by Olivia Schulter, IL, with Mandy & Graisson Schmidt, Arizona Dairy LLC & Ekys Holsteins, CA, contending.

The 2nd highest seller at  $16,000 wasOCD Doorm Electra-ET – the fall calf for 2019! (Doorman x EX-93 Gold Chip x EX x 2E-95 Electra x EX-96 Elegance)

Rounding out the top sellers at $13,000 was OCD Defiant Lustrous-Red-ET a milking yearling prospect for 2019. Winning fall calf, Big E R&W Show ’18 (Defiant x EX-94 Limited x 9 more VG/EX dams)

Click here for a complete sale listing

Dairy Farmers of Wisconsin Wins Marketing Gold

Recognized by ANA in the Small Budget Campaign Category, Proving That Small Budgets Can Bring Big Results

The Dairy Farmers of Wisconsin marketing team took home a Gold award for their Wisconsin Cheese brand activation at the 2019 Association of National Advertiser’s REGGIE Awards competition last night. Wisconsin Cheese was recognized for superior brand marketing along with some of the biggest brands in the world including Oreo, Coca-Cola, Cheetos, and Taco Bell. Their winning campaign was The World’s Longest Cheeseboard experience at South by Southwest in March 2018. The team later made history by officially setting a new GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS® title in August 2018.

Since 1983, the REGGIE Awards have been the premier industry awards program recognizing the best marketing campaigns activated by brands and agencies. The Small Budget Campaign category is for Brand Activation campaigns that achieved magic and effectiveness on a tight budget.

“ANA is one of the nation’s most respected marketing leadership organizations and we are honored to receive this award on behalf of Wisconsin’s dairy farmers,” said Chad Vincent, Dairy Farmers of Wisconsin CEO. “This award is a testament to the talent, ingenuity and vision of our staff’s world-class marketing team. Our industry is experiencing difficult times and this is an excellent example of how the team is stretching farmer dollars and tirelessly working to explore new, creative strategies that drive demand and advance our state’s signature industry.”

Thousands of people from across the globe visited #SXSWisconsin to taste over 2,000 pounds of award-winning Wisconsin Cheese, ranging from blue-veined cheddars and aromatic limburger to hand-rubbed wheels and fresh, squeaky curds. This sparked a national conversation about Wisconsin specialty cheese with the #SXSWisconsin hashtag amassing 2.7 million impressions on Twitter alone in just two days. Media coverage from Food & Wine, CNET, Eater Austin, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, the San Diego Union-Tribune, Dallas News and more applauded the event as the most popular thing at SXSW.

“At an interactive conference focused on the latest trends in digital and tech, we chose to put people, conversation, connection and cheese at the forefront,” said Suzanne Fanning, Dairy Farmers of Wisconsin Senior Vice President and Wisconsin Cheese Chief Marketing Officer. “By using digital fabrication technology we built a barn indoors to house a 70-foot long cheeseboard, creating a remarkable offline experience. Our goal was to transport people from a conference room in Texas to the lush, rolling hills of America’s Dairyland, so they could experience a little wedge of Wisconsinwonderful.”

Partners on this project were Brains on Fire, a creative agency and certified B Corporation that specializes in helping clients grow through storytelling and meaningful human connection, and Better Block, a non-profit that helped fabricate the barn. Watch a video of the World’s Longest Cheese Board to learn more.

About Dairy Farmers of Wisconsin: Funded by Wisconsin dairy farmers, Dairy Farmers of Wisconsin is a non-profit organization that focuses on marketing and promoting Wisconsin’s world-class dairy products.

About Wisconsin Cheese: The tradition of cheesemaking excellence began more than 150 years ago, before Wisconsin was recognized as a state. Wisconsin’s 1,200 cheesemakers, many of whom are third- and fourth-generation, continue to pass on old-world traditions while adopting modern innovations in cheesemaking craftsmanship. 


Source: PR Newswire

Top Dairy Industry News Stories from May 11th to May 17th 2019

Top Stories:

Top News Stories:

T-Triple-T Platinum-ET Honored as 2018 Star of the Breed

T-Triple-T Platinum

The highest honor presented to a Registered Holstein®cow, Star of the Breed recognizes outstanding performance in the showring and at home on the dairy. Holstein Association USA is delighted to recognize T-Triple-T Platinum-ET as the 2018 Star of the Breed.

T-Triple-T Platinum-ET is owned by Triple-T Holsteins in partnership with Aaron Eaton, Syracuse, N.Y., and Bradley Murphy, Parish, N.Y. Platinum is a mainstay in their show string, and she continually places well in her classes.

Nathan Thomas, one of the Triple-T Holsteins owners, describes Platinum as a true show girl in and out of the barn. “I’ve judged a lot of shows, and I truly believe that really good cows are good every day, not just at the show,” Nathan says. “Platinum is a real easy-going cow — a cow with a good personality. She’s a very balanced dairy cow with a tremendous udder and great feet and legs.”

Platinum is from a sought-after family. The Thomases estimate that 80 percent of their Holstein herd goes back to the T-Triple-T Dundee Paige family. Paige has always been dependable and produced strong, powerful milk cows that consistently do great things. The reach of Platinum’s outstanding genetics spans across the globe. She’s part of a conventional and IVF flush program. The Thomases exported a lot of Platinum’s embryos to Japan when she was a heifer and a two-year-old.

T-Triple-T Platinum-ET will be recognized at the 2019 National Holstein Convention Gala Banquet, June 27, 2019 in Appleton, Wisconsin. Banquet tickets are available by registering online at

Read more about this esteemed cow in the Spring 2019 issue of The Pulse. Select pages of The Pulse are available online at under the Latest News tab, then click The Pulse.

About the Award

To be eligible for the Star of the Breed award, a cow must place in the top five in her class at a National Holstein Show, be in a herd enrolled in the TriStarSMprogram and have an official classification score. Once the eligible cows are determined, the following calculation is used to determine the award recipient: Combined Mature Equivalent (ME) Fat and Protein + Age Adjusted Classification Score x (Breed Average ME CFP/ Breed Average Age Adjusted Score).

For more information about the Star of the Breed Award, visit

How farmer gets 11,000 litres from grazed Holstein herd

Wiltshire farmer Robert Mallett and his wife Maria are defying convention by producing nearly 11,000 litres of milk from their autumn-calving herd of grass-fed cows.

Like most high-yielding herds, Mr Mallett admits he previously found grazing hard work, but says his “eureka moment” came when he joined a grazing discussion group.

“Ten years ago, I would have said grass was poison to high-yielding cows, but I have changed my mind.

“Why make it into silage and put it in a clamp, which costs money and reduces the feed quality, and have to scrape out the shed? My preference would be to graze.”

He had always believed some of his farm was too wet to graze, but laying tracks on the grazing platform in 2010 was a game changer in terms of getting cows out to graze early in the season.

Rob Mallett with cows

Rob Mallett © Rhian Price/Proagrica

Farm facts

Northleaze Farm, Swindon

  • 173ha owned
  • 235 cows in milk
  • Calving August to February
  • Producing 2.5m litres/year
  • 10,932 litres a cow at 3.96% butterfat and 3.34% protein
  • Supplies Freshways on a liquid contract
  • Cows housed on sand cubicles
  • Aim to take three silage cuts
  • High health status: testing for Johne’s, bovine viral diarrhoea, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and leptospirosis.

Mr Mallett is saving £200/day in purchased feed alone as soon as cows are turned out, not accounting for additional labour and housing savings, with purchased feed costs averaging 7.1p/litre – no mean feat for a high-production herd.

His system isn’t like that of a conventional block-calving grazier, but striking a delicate balance between grazing and buffer feeding is helping him to keep a lid on production costs while not compromising milk output.

Nutrition strategy

Cows are grazed in two groups, which makes the system more complicated than most. There is one high-yielding group of 130 cows (giving more than 43kg milk) and one lower-yielding group of 96 cows (giving 31-32kg).

The highs are buffer-fed a total mixed ration (TMR) consisting of 20kg of dry matter (DM) a head daily, with the rest of their ration made up of fresh grass. Alongside this, they receive a flat rate of 3.5kg of blend in the parlour.

Meanwhile, lows are just given grass from turnout in March until housing in November, and are fed to yield in the parlour – up to a maximum of 6kg daily.

All cows are milked three times daily – at 5am, 2pm and 9pm. Lows are turned out to paddocks after each milking, but the highs only go out once a day after the morning milking.

The grazing platform of 44.28ha is split into 1.1ha paddocks. Mr Mallet targets entry covers of 3,000kg of DM/ha and will remove cows once residuals of 1,500kg of DM/ha are reached, with grass measured weekly using a plate meter and data recorded on AgriNet.

The aim is to only graze paddocks for 24 hours, so they have no more than two feeds in each paddock.

Mr Mallet says flexibility is key to achieving this, and if grazing covers are higher than 3,000kg, he will pre-mow paddocks in front of cows to encourage intakes. Sometimes, lows are grazed after highs and youngstock are brought on to the platform to clean out paddocks.

“The true grass farmers harvest grass with their cows. If they run out, they don’t feed them as much, and they match stocking rate with grass growth. I’m the other way around; I have more cows than I have grass for,” he says.

However, in a bad year, like last year, this approach works well and cows were housed and fed full TMR in June and July when grass growth halted.

The main grass block was reseeded last autumn following the drought, which had left some fields scorched.

Producing high-quality grass is pivotal to maximising grass intakes. Mr Mallett carefully selects high-sugar ryegrasses, but chooses not to use clover.

“We get a lot of chickweed in reseeds and when we spray it off, we kill the clover. I would rather put more nitrogen on it.”

Feed regime

Milking ration

  • 40% grass silage
  • 40% maize
  • 20% wholecrop rye
  • Premix of soya, rapeseed expeller, nutritionally improved straw, molasses, minerals and wheat

Transition ration

  • 12kg wholecrop
  • 4kg premix (including rape, soya, molasses and dry cow minerals)

Breeding regime

Being autumn-calving fits really well with grazing, because cows are in-calf by the time they go out to grass, says Mr Mallett.

Although the period isn’t as compact as for true block-calving herds, it has been reduces by one month in the past year and, while Mr Mallet says he has no intention of reducing it to 12 weeks, his end goal is to finish calving by the end of December.

Service starts on 15 November and cows are fitted with CowManager ear sensors to detect heats.

Since installing them two years ago to replace antiquated activity collars, he says the farm hasn’t had a single heifer scan empty.

“It has changed my life, because I can rely on it to spot every heat.”

Replacement heifers calve in the first eight weeks of the calving period (August and September).

The top 50% of cows are served with sexed semen and the remainder are put to beef, with all heifers served with sexed semen. Conception rates in both groups last breeding season was 56%.

Mr Mallett selects genomic sires from World Wide Sires – and sometimes other companies – that have a profitable lifetime index (PLI) of £700 and are predicted to transmit at least 700kg of milk with a lifespan of +0.7.

But he isn’t worried about stature, and uses the WMS mating programme from World Wide Sires to manage inbreeding and help develop a robust, uniform herd.

Each year he seeks sires that are as close to £100 better on PLI as possible, when compared with bulls used the previous season.

This approach is paying dividends, with the herd just outside of the top 1% based on PLI rankings.

“There’s no point in putting a worse bull on a better daughter. There were 46 bulls that met that criteria this year, so it gives you plenty to choose from,” he adds.

Antibiotics use and health

As well as detecting heats, the CowManager sensors collect data for rumination and resting times, and monitor temperature to detect early signs of disease.

The technology has been crucial in cutting the use of antibiotics within the herd.

Cows that go off feed are treated with 300ml of propylene glycol and a rumen drench and, if considered necessary, will have an anti-inflammatory too. Mr Mallett only reaches for the antibiotics when a cow has a temperature above 40C.  

This policy has seen use fall drastically – from 35mg/kg liveweight to just 5mg/kg – and critically important antibiotics haven’t been used on the farm for three years.

“Antibiotics were my first line of defence, but now they’re my last. CowManager is a very big help because it picks up cows if they stop eating for four to five hours,” he explains.

Grazing benefits

Mindset is key when it comes to grazing. Mr Mallett says farmers shouldn’t believe that Holsteins can’t graze, or underestimate the importance of starting to graze animals when they are young.

“We have always grazed youngstock throughout the summer, which is a big help in training animals to graze.”

Youngstock at Northleaze are turned out in the spring, at six to seven months of age, and won’t be housed until service the following October.

He admits his “halfway-house” is more complicated than most conventional grazing systems, as he needs to carefully balance buffer feeding and grazing. But over the years he has learned not to be afraid to cut back buffer.

“I used to be very worried about cows not having feed in front of them, [but] they need to be hungry when they go out.”

He believes other high-yielding farms could take advantage of grazing to offset rising feed costs. 

“It can be challenging when the weather is against you, but it’s very rewarding when it’s right.”

Grazing residual after the first round was very good

Grazing residual after the first round was very good

Advice for high-production herds wanting to improve grazing

  • Don’t believe Holsteins can’t graze – they can
  • Put in tracks and split fields into manageable paddocks, with a good water supply
  • Avoid paddocks that don’t have hard access when it’s wet to avoid poaching
  • Ensure you have high-quality pasture to graze
  • Don’t be afraid to cut buffer feed
  • Have faith in the quality of grass – it’s as good as, if not better than, expensive feed

Wisconsin Dairy Needs to Expand its Markets Worldwide

Consumers from around the world enjoy agriculture products that come from our state’s farm fields and agriculture processing firms. Wisconsin is consistently one of the top exporters of dairy-related products in the nation. As milk production in the United States continues to increase, it is more and more important to create value-added products and identify new markets for those products, here at home or around the world.

The 31 members of Dairy Task Force 2.0 recognize the importance of trade and international markets to our state’s dairy community. To help our cheesemakers research and develop new products targeted for export markets, the Task Force called for a study on the possible development of a Wisconsin Cheese Brand and Export Board.

Another recommendation emphasizes the importance of value-added and specialty cheese in our state. Today, nearly half the nation’s specialty cheese is made in Wisconsin by a diverse array of cheese businesses. To better understand changing consumer tastes and demands, Task Force members recommended conducting an in-depth consumer study to gain additional market understanding. They also recognized the significant up-front costs of starting a dairy processing business, and sought ways to establish incubator facilities for start-up dairy processors.

Much of Wisconsin’s specialty cheese is made by artisan cheesemakers who may produce smaller amounts of product. To help reach consumers across the country, the Dairy Task Force 2.0 recommended an analysis on consolidating multiple companies’ products for joint distribution. Other recommendations sought to increase demand for fluid milk consumption and advocated for dairy product vending machines to be placed in Wisconsin public schools.

Dairy Task Force 2.0 members also passed a recommendation asking for an increase in dairy processor grant funding, an item that was included in Governor Evers’ 2019-2021 biennial budget proposal. Increased funding will promote and encourage growth and innovation in Wisconsin dairy plants. To ensure Wisconsin’s innovative dairy products are positioned for success in the marketplace, the Dairy Task Force 2.0 also approved recommendations for truth in food labeling and asking the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to make needed regulatory changes to product standards of identity.

Wisconsin’s dairy products are the best in the world. The best products require the best milk. Our state’s hardworking dairy farmers produce some of the highest quality, most nutritious milk every day. Recognizing this, members of the Dairy Task Force 2.0 passed a recommendation supporting the National Dairy FARM program and equivalent programs that are science-based and cow-centric. Members also recommended changes to the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO) to increase our milk quality standards.

The team at the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection works to develop our markets locally through Farm to School; Buy Local, Buy Wisconsin; and Something Special from Wisconsin™. The Wisconsin International Dairy Export (WIDE) initiative, in collaboration with industry partners, brings in buyers from across the world to learn more about our state and its dairy products. The work of the Dairy Task Force 2.0 will help guide the state’s marketing efforts for years to come. For more on the Dairy Task Force 2.0, visit


American dairy farms struggle in Chinese market after tariffs

As the battle over tariffs with China continues, the already suffering dairy market is taking another hit.

Stan Ryan, the President and CEO of Seattle-based Darigold, which has a plant in Lynden, tells KOMO the rising duties for U.S. exports gave competitors an edge.

“The countries we compete against to earn customers in China don’t have the same duties, so the market dried up overnight,” he says.

Ryan says Darigold does about $50 million of business with China.

Prices for dairy products are depressed due to chronic oversupply and Ryan says these new tariffs are stressing dairy farms further.

He hopes the U.S. trade representative “will see this through and will come out with a good logical outcome.”


Final milking day for Dublin’s last commercial dairy farm

Dairy manager Peter Taaffe said milking the last of the cows would be a sad occasion, but stressed that the gloom would be tinged with relief.

The herd on what is believed to be the only commercial dairy farm in Dublin will be milked for the last time this morning after which the stock is due to move on to a more rural setting.

Once the milking machines are silenced at the Guinness-owned Knockmaroon Farm in Castleknockthe curtain will fall on a type of farming that stretches back hundreds of years, almost to the birth of the city.

The dairy farm on the fringes of the PhoenixParkhas been operating under the stewardship of the Guinness family for more than 100 years. It once produced milk for Queen Victoria’s table and for generations of Irish presidents.

Until the family decided to sell the herd, this 21-hectare farm was milking 50 cows in the winter and 40 in the spring, with another 100 dry stock on the land.

This is a working farm . . . in a suburb of Dublin and the traffic around here at rush hour is just terrible

However, a quota of 450 litres a day has long made it hard to keep the farm operating as a commercial entity while difficulties associated with farming in a city presented the owners with insurmountable headaches.

The farm’s dairy manager Peter Taaffe, who has been working on Knockmaroon since 1991, said milking the last of the cows would be a sad occasion but stressed that the gloom would be tinged with relief.

‘A real nightmare’

The 51-year-old said he looked forward to not having to deal with traffic congestion or moving cattle from field to field through a busy urban setting.

“This is a working farm . . . in a suburb of Dublin and the traffic around here at rush hour is just terrible,” he said. “It can be a real nightmare.”

He noted that even moving the cows across roads had become “a high-risk game, particularly as our society has got more litigious”.

He said that because of its location – hemmed in by the Phoenix Park, Castleknock College and hundreds of homes – expansion was impossible, which meant the family had little option but to sell the herd.

While the herd, sold at auction in Co Meath earlier this month, will soon be finding another place to chew the cud there is life in the old farm yet. “We will keep the dry stock on the land and when you work on a farm there is always something to do, so we will be kept busy,” said Dublin’s last dairy farmer.


Milk Markets Flat in Chicago Thursday

On the Chicago Mercantile Exchange milk futures traded mixed Thursday with little to no direction from the cash market. Class III milk markets witnessed very little trade and change Thursday. Months ranged from a penny lower to six cents higher.  The second half 2019 average closed today at $16.73 per cwt. Class IV activity was limited as well. May added 8 cents while the remaining moths were minimally higher. The second half of Class IV for 2019 is averaging $17.36 per cwt. Outside of the dairy complex we saw broad based buying once again. 

CME spot product markets were mainly unchanged on Thursday. Cheddar blocks, barrels, Grad A nonfat dry milk and dry whey each ended even on the day. Blocks closed at $1.65 and three-quarters respectively. Dry milk finished at $1.05 and dry whey at 34 cents per lb.

Down to earth: From real estate to dairy farming

Only four years ago, Marcus Graham was selling houses in Auckland. He’s now running the family farm at Ohaupo, Waikato. It’s been a steep learning curve but getting advice from family, business advisers, farming friends and some wise old hands at DairyNZ discussion groups has helped him make informed decisions.

Graham has already packed a lot in to his life. At 35, he has a commercial pilot’s licence, has bought, renovated and sold houses, worked for Fonterra and DairyNZ, and is a director of tech company Knode. Now, with his wife Kylee and their young children Carter and Lucas, he’s running the family farm.

Started by his grandparents in 1955, the sheep and beef operation was converted to dairy in the 1980s. Marcus’ parents, Judith and Peter Graham, were 50:50 sharemilkers on the farm until they had a chance to buy it in 2003.

Now it was Marcus’ time to take over, but he first needed to brush up on his skills.
“Once Kylee and I made the decision to go farming, I realised that although I’d grown up on the farm and had a good feel for how things worked, my skillset wasn’t where it needed to be in terms of the day-to-day running of the property. I needed some hands-on experience.”

A job came up as a farm assistant at DairyNZ’s Lye Farm, near Hamilton, where best-practice farming is combined with the resources to carry out pasture and animal research trials. “It worked out perfectly for me,” says the man who had for the past eight years worked hard at real estate “and went flying for fun” and was now involved with fodder beet and methane trials.

When Marcus and Kylee married in 2012 and decided to start a family, they thought it would be a good time to shift back to the country. This coincided with his parents wanting him at home on the 145ha farm, so four years ago they made the move.

Old hands offer pointers

Last November, Marcus Graham hosted a well-attended DairyNZ discussion group. He wanted to find out how other farmers were using technology in their daily operations and whether it was helping. He also wanted to learn how other farmers tackled buttercup.

From chatting with the other farmers, Graham found he was ahead of the game when it came to using technology. And two local farmers, Malcolm Macpherson and Jim Grayling, gave him some excellent pointers about his buttercup quandary. The pair have been involved in discussion groups since the mid-70s.

“Back then, most farm systems were similar, and the majority of farm owners worked at the coal face, so they were the ones who came to discussion groups,” Macpherson says.

“Farm ownership is more diversified now, with family trusts and corporate farms, and not all owners are actively involved. But I think owners should ensure their staff get access to discussion groups because we’re funding them through the levy and they can learn something from them.”

Graham is grateful to have benefited from Malcolm and Jim’s knowledge. “We spray about 20ha of buttercup annually and finding the best approach from two wise old hands has been helpful. It’s been good to have the benefit of their experience and to mull over the pros and cons of various approaches.”

Considering a system change to once-a-day milking (OAD) was another topic at Graham’s discussion group. As an animal health measure, he already puts young stock on OAD from Christmas until dry-off and he wanted to see whether it might be worthwhile for the whole herd.

“Our DairyNZ consulting officer, Steve Canton, took us through some numbers and everyone had a view, but the consensus was that it’s not necessarily about numbers — it’s about benefits which sometimes aren’t that tangible. It was good to hear everyone’s opinions, so we can do our own numbers and weigh up when we might do it.”

Plugging tech gap

Using technology is second nature for Graham. He is a director of Knode, a tech company he and some friends launched in 2017 to simplify the management of on-farm water supplies. Knode is now used across a number of industries and has added to its farming offering, monitoring effluent systems and providing weather and soil monitoring technology.

“Water is a valuable resource on-farm and wasting it is not an option. Measuring water flow is one of the key things we have to keep on top of — nobody wants a leak.”

But Graham says he’s not only learned a lot from his parents and discussion groups but has also studied livestock husbandry with Primary ITO, and uses
DairyNZ tools and services. “When I first started at the farm I used the DairyConnect mentoring service and was quite randomly teamed up with a family friend, Malcolm Piggott. It was good to be able to chat with him about everyday matters.”

Graham also uses the Body Condition Score Tracker app and the Healthy Hoof app. He also finds the Facts and Figures app useful for calculating feed requirements.

“I also regularly check DairyNZ’s Farmwatch online. The DairyNZ website is a mine of information too. Using technology is a time-saver, so it gives me more time to get more out of the day, or options to spend quality time with Kylee and the children.”

Graham recommends DairyNZ discussion groups for farmers at any stage in their career.

“I think discussion groups are valuable. For someone like me who’s relatively new to farming, there’s all that experience out there. Even if you don’t act on the advice straight away, you can pick up one or two things to mull over,” he says.

“It’s a two-way street too; you build relationships with other farmers and you share knowledge.”


Source: NZ Herald

Polled Pioneers: History of Naturally Hornless Dairy Cattle in North America

Now Available

Polled Pioneers: History of Naturally Hornless Dairy Cattle in North America, the most comprehensive history of polled dairy cattle ever written is now available.

Authored by Ronald F. Eustice, this full-color, 370 page features all major dairy breeds and includes more than 750 photographs, dozens of pedigrees and stories of men and women who helped to introduce the naturally hornless trait into the North American dairy cattle population.

Some highlights:

  • Walter Schultz and his son Douglas of Nicollet, MN were Holstein breeders who sold more than 6500 polled bulls in 25 states and nearly every county of Minnesota between 1948 and 1992. They delivered bull calves in the back of a pickup truck driving over one million miles and wearing out five pickups to do it.
  • The Chittenden family of Dutch Hollow Farm at Schodack Landing, NY, have been breeding polled Jerseys since the early 1950s. Nearly every polled Jersey in the world carries Dutch Hollow genetics in their pedigree. One of their bulls, Dutch Hollow Oliver-P has been the high selling bull in semen sales at a major US AI center during the past two years, out-pacing his horned contemporaries.
  • Polled dairy cattle are in strong demand as consumers become more interested in where their food comes from and how it is produced. Major food companies have suggested to breed association executives that breeding of polled cattle would enhance consumer confidence.

Ronald F. Eustice grew up on a Minnesota dairy farm, worked several decades to promote the cattle industry and is now a well-known author. His most recent book, “They Saw Red! History of Red & White Holstein Dairy Cattle in North America” published in 2017, chronicled the remarkable rise in worldwide popularity of Red & White dairy cattle. Both “Polled Pioneers” and “They Saw Red!” are also available through Amazon.

The book can be ordered from the author Ronald F. Eustice, 1551 Summit Shores Vista, Burnsville, MN 55306 USA. The price is $65.00 postage paid to a US address. Postage to Canada is an additional $20.00. For other countries contact the author at Make checks payable to Ronald F. Eustice. Payment can also be made via PayPal at


Wisconsin Holstein Breeders welcome visitors during National Holstein Convention tours

Attendees to the 2019 National Holstein Convention will have the opportunity to tour some of Wisconsin’s finest Registered Holstein® farms during the convention’s Host Day Tours on Tuesday, June 25, 2019. Guests will visit a variety of farming styles, hear about different breeding philosophies and enjoy lunch at the state-of-the-art Farm Wisconsin Discovery Center near Newton, Wisconsin. These tours are made possible with support from STgenetics.

Farms featured on Host Day tours include:

MilkSource Genetics, Kaukauna, Wis.:This family-owned show herd was established in 2007 and is striving to become one of the premier herds in the world. The Ostrom and Vosters families are honored to currently have 24 animals in their 60-cow herd classified as Excellent across three breeds. While many of their cows have been acquired over the years, more than half of the cows and majority of heifers were bred by the MilkSource Genetics team. A number of household names have been developed by MilkSource Genetics, including Weeks Dundee Anika, Blondin Redman Seisme-Red, Lovhill Goldwyn Katrysha, Strans-Jen-D Tequila-Red and Co-Vale Dempsey Dina 4270-ET.

Synergy Dairy, Pulaski, Wis.: Jay and Heather Jauquet operate the 475-milking cow dairy by their mantra “breeding cows you love to milk.” Jay and Heather took full ownership of the dairy from Heather’s parents in 2017, and the following year added room for additional cows with a tunnel-vented freestall barn with transition facilities. Choosing bulls with positive traits for pounds of combined fat and protein, moderate stature, strength and width, reproductive efficiency, somatic cell count and good, strong udders allows their Holsteins to make excellent production records and be genetic powerhouses. This, combined with astute calf and heifer care, creates bright futures for the Registered Holsteins at Synergy Dairy.

Farm Wisconsin Discovery Center, Newton, Wis.: The new Farm Wisconsin Discovery Center provides a one-stop shop for all Wisconsin agricultural education. Included in the Host Day tours is a visit and lunch at the center. The center opened on July 28, 2018 with the goal of educating the public about agriculture by going beyond the barn. Educational displays cover the wide scope of Wisconsin agriculture from alfalfa to zucchini, dairy farming from cow to gallon and other topics such as nutrition, conservation and technology. Attendees can also view live calf birth in the Land O’ Lakes birthing barn.

Siemers Holstein Farm, Newton, Wis.: The Siemers name is well known for show ring success and is gaining ground by offering some of the nation’s top genomic males and females. The herd consisting of 2,900 cows has been a result of strategic growth and focus from brothers Dan and Paul as well as Dan’s wife, Janina, building on the family’s existing genetics. At the original home farm, the remodeled freestall barn now houses those animals with top genetic potential, both genomic and show type. For a number of years, Siemers Holsteins has topped the Gold Medal Dams, Dams of Merit and Gold Medal Sires lists, is a three-time Herd of Excellence honoree, and qualified for the Progressive Genetics Herd award for 27 years.

Hilrose Dairy, LLC, Sherwood, Wis.: Since 1921, the Brantmeier family has been dedicated to perfecting the art of farming. With the third and fourth generation on the farm, Joe and Chris Brantmeier and their sons Andy and Jeff, as well as daughter-in-laws Ashley and Bonnie, are continuing to carry on the Hilrose prefix. The 100-cow herd boasts an impressive BAA of 111.1 and has been recognized on the Progressive Breeders’ Registry for 31 consecutive years. This family has been recognized as a Herd of Excellence for eight years. The breeding focus at Hilrose is based on breeding well-made, high-type cows that are functional for all operations. Most recently, Hilrose Advent Anna-Red was recognized as the 2018 Wisconsin Cow of the Year.

Join us for a day filled with friends, laugher and great Wisconsin Registered Holsteins. To see more on these farms or to register for the convention, visit Those interested are encouraged to register by May 25, 2019 to avoid a $50 late fee as ticket sales will close on June 1.

For more information about the event, please contact:

Corey Geiger


2019 National Holstein Convention

902 8th Avenue

Baraboo, WI 53913

Help us make the 2019 National Holstein Convention legendary. Visit for sponsorship information, convention registration and event details. Also, sign up online for the convention enewsletter to stay current with schedule updates.

About Us

Wisconsin Holstein Association is a not-for-profit membership organization with the purpose of promoting the Wisconsin Registered Holstein breed, its breeders and owners. Established in 1890, it has grown its junior and adult membership to become the second largest state Holstein association in the nation. For more information visit the WHA website at


French dairy major Lactalis looking for acquisitions in north India

Lactalis bagged the dairy products business of Prabhat Dairy for Rs 1,700 crore.

France’s Lactalis plans acquisitions in northern India after bagging the dairy products business of Prabhat Dairy for Rs 1,700 crore and two other companies.

The three acquisitions enabled Lactalis to do business in south, central and western India through and it wants to be in the north next, said Rahul Kumar, chief executive officer of Lactalis India.

Lactalis first acquired Thirumala Milk Products Pvt Ltd, which has a strong presence in South India, in 2014 and then bought Anik in 2016.

In January 2019, the company announced it had acquired Maharashtra’s Prabhat Dairy. Lactalis has dairy plants in India and manages 1.5 million litres of milk every day.

“We are looking at further acquisitions, to expand our presence in the country. We have presence in South and West now, but we do not have presence in North India,” said Kumar, while speaking the reporters in the sidelines of launch of Thirumala Milk’s fortified fresh toned milk targeting children.

However, he did not comment on the size of acquisitions the company might be looking at.

Kumar said that Thirumala Milk Products contributes around Rs 1900 crore, of which 80 per cent is from liquid milk sales while the rest is from products, Prabhat will contribute around Rs 1500 crore, of which 80 per cent is dairy products. Anik contributes around Rs 600 crore, of which 50 per cent is liquid milk sales while the rest is dairy products. The company said that with the Prabhat acquisition the company is moving towards becoming the largest private sector player in the segment.


Source: Business Standard

Nebraska farmer amputates leg with pocket knife to escape auger

When it comes to life-or-death situations, it’s tough to say what anyone would do to save their own life.

But what about cutting off a limb?

That’s what a local farmer did after getting stuck in farming equipment.

“I was unloading corn into a bin, well, moving corn and taking it from one place to the other,” Kurt Kaser said.

The 63-year-old farmer from Pender, NE has been a grain farmer for more than 40 years.

But it was one simple mistake that could have cost his life.

“If I could have got by that first load, unloading, I think I would have thought of it or seen it, but I was in that routine like I used to do and I didn’t think of it,” he said.

He said it was like any other normal day. Kaser pulled in, got out of the truck and turned the corner.

“Stepped into the hopper in the little hole. It just sucked my leg in and I was trying to pull it out, but it kept pulling,” he said.

There was no one around to help and he knew no one would be there for a long time.

“When it first happened, I remember thinking, ‘This ain’t good. This is not good at all,'” Kaser said.

He couldn’t find his cellphone to call anyone and his was becoming more and more desperate by the minute.

“I thought, ‘How long am I going to stay conscious here?’ I did know what to expect. I felt it jerk me again and I thought it would grab me and pull me in further,” Kaser said.

He was left with only one option.

“I had my pocket knife in my pocket. I said, ‘The only way I’m getting out of here is to cut it off,’ so I just started sawing at it.”

He amputated his own leg.

“When I was cutting it, the nerve endings, I could feel, like, the ping every time I sawed around that pipe, and all at once it went and it let me go and I got the heck out of there,” Kaser said.

Source: KETV

Holstein Association USA’s 2018 Herds Of Excellence

Sixteen Registered Holstein® breeders have earned the distinction of 2018 Herd of Excellence by Holstein Association USA. There are three herd size divisions, Small Herd (10-99 cows), Medium Herd (100-499 cows), and Large Herd (500+ cows). Each division is based on the number of cows included in Mature Equivalent (ME) production averages for each herd.

The Herd of Excellence designation honors Registered Holstein breeders who have developed Holstein herds that excel in both production and type.

To be recognized with this accolade, herds must have classified within the last year and have an age-adjusted average classification score of 83 points or higher; have at least 70 percent of the herd homebred; and be enrolled in the Association’s TriStarSM production records program. Additionally, qualifying herds must meet the following production criteria:

  • Large Herd Division – 15 percent above breed average ME for milk, fat and protein
  • Medium Herd Division – 20 percent above breed average ME for milk, fat and protein
  • Small Herd Division – 25 percent above breed average ME for milk, fat and protein

Of the 16 herds, two are first year recipients – Charles M. Maurer, Maurer Farm, Chilton, Wis. and Darrell & Bonita Richard, Darita Holsteins, Goshen, Ind.

Bruce, Brenda & Bret Long, B-Long Holsteins, New London, Wis. and Hilrose Holsteins, Sherwood, Wis. both received the award eight years. Thomas J. Kestell, Ever-Green-View Farms, Waldo, Wis. is a nine-year recipient.

This year’s honorees are:

Large Herd Division:

– The Siemers Family, Siemers Holstein Farms Inc, Newton, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 35,750M 1,389F 1,070P

– The Migliazzo Family, Dinomi Holsteins, Atwater, Calif.

ME Production Averages – 35,344M 1,331F 1,129P

– Bradley Cates, Co-Vale Holsteins, Preble, N.Y.

ME Production Averages – 31,164M 1,256F 970P

Medium Herd Division:

– The Koepke Family, Koepke Farms Inc., Oconomowoc, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 34,719M 1,430F 1,042P

– The Koester Family, Koester Dairy Inc., Dakota, Ill.

ME Production Averages – 33,856M 1,343F 1,059P

– Daniel J. & Nancy Pagenkopf, Paradise-D Holsteins, Lancaster, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 32,694M 1,359F 1,003P

– Charles M. Maurer, Maurer Farm, Chilton, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 32,734M 1,251F 998P

Small Herd Division:

– S. Scott & April D. Cooper, Appealing Holsteins, Delta, Pa.

ME Production Averages – 37,484M 1,395F 1,127P

– George Malkemus & Anthony Yurgaitis, Arethusa Farm LLC, Litchfield, Conn.

ME Production Averages – 37,110M 1,349F 1,158P

– Bruce, Brenda & Bret Long, B-Long Holsteins, New London, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 35,341M 1,332F 1,092P

– Thomas J. Kestell, Ever-Green-View Holsteins, LLC, Waldo, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 40,015M 1,592F 1,219P

– Grafton County Farm, Grafco Holsteins, North Haverhill, N.H.

ME Production Averages – 33,970M 1,347F 1,051P

– Jeffrey A. & Kate Hendrickson, Jeffrey-Way Holsteins, Belleville, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 33,695M 1,256F 1,061P

– Joseph A. Brantmeier, Hilrose Holsteins, Sherwood, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 33,420M 1,254F 1,001P

– John W. & Evelyn A. Hamilton, Hill-Ton Holsteins, Cuba City, Wis.

ME Production Averages – 35,181M 1,322F 1,082P

– Darrell & Bonita Richard, Darita Holsteins, Goshen, Ind.

ME Production Averages – 34,402M 1,565F 1,067P

Since its beginning in 2008, the Herd of Excellence honor has become one of the most coveted Holstein Association USA awards. These 16 Holstein breeders are acknowledged for having mastered the art of breeding balanced cattle – exceptional conformation paired with high production. Congratulations to the 2018 Herd of Excellence honorees.

The awards will be presented during Holstein Association USA’s 134th Annual Meeting in Appleton, Wisconsin on June 26, 2019.

Read more about these remarkable herds in the Spring 2019 issue of The Pulse. Select pages of The Pulse are available online at under the Latest News tab, then click The Pulse.

Holstein Association USA, Inc.,, provides products and services to dairy producers to enhance genetics and improve profitability–ranging from registry processing to identification programs to consulting services.

The Association, headquartered in Brattleboro, Vt., maintains the records for Registered Holsteins® and represents approximately 30,000 members throughout the United States.


This Sustainable Technology Could Save America’s Dairy Farms

Craigs Station Creamery campus in Linwood, New York

Craigs Station Creamery looks like a typical small dairy, the kind of farm that was once ubiquitous across rural New York state. Chris Noblehurst, whose farm is one of the eight that makes up the creamery joint venture, hopes the business can be different enough to succeedwhere other dairy farms today are struggling. The dairy farm cooperative does things a little bit differently, starting with their power source. The creamery uses a mechanism called an anaerobic digester to break down a mixture of food waste and cow manure to turn it into usable electricity that powers the entire operation.

Dairy farms today face sharp criticism for their contribution to air and water pollution—criticism that’s punctuated by hits to the dairy industry like the rising popularity of plant-based milk alternativesand a decreasing dairy export market. Sustainable technologies like biodigesters offer dairy farmers a way to mitigate environmental impacts and maybe even win back those elusive American millennial consumers.

There are 248 anaerobic digester projectson livestock farms across the United States, 198 of which are located on dairy farms. Dan Blaustein-Rejto, a senior food and agriculture analyst at the Breakthrough Institute, says that according to EPA projections based on farms that could potentially adopt the anaerobic digesters, the technology has the potential to cut greenhouse gas emissions in the agricultural sector by about ten percent.

That’s not an insignificant reduction, Blaustein-Rejtosays, and there are other benefits too. “Anaerobic digesters, at least according to the EPA’s research, can cut methane emissions from the average dairy or hog farm by about 85 percent, so that’s a really huge reduction of one of the main sources of emissions.”

Not everyone is a fan of the technology. “Some people are more pessimistic,” says Blaustein-Rejto, citing complaints about local air pollution and other environmental health issues. Residents of Fort Collins, Colorado in 2017, for example, raised so many complaints about the noxious odors coming from a local biodigester that the facility was eventually closed. On the other hand, biodigesters can help keep nutrient runoff from manure out of local waterways. “If it weren’t being used,” says Noblehurst, “it would be sitting in a lagoon.”

Maintaining these systems can pose a significant financial challenge for the farms who have them, however, says Blaustein-Rejto, as federal funding and state financial incentives are often available for upfront costs (this was the case forthe biodigester at Noblehurst Farms, for example), but not necessarily for the expenses associated with the upkeep of these systems.

That’s why Noblehurst hopes investments in sustainable technologies, like the biodigester and an on-farm water recycling system they installed, will ultimately help the creamery attract new consumers, the kinds of consumers that the American dairy industry is so desperately seeking these days.

Noblehurst has been intently focused on these strategies since his return to the family farm ten years ago. Before that, he worked for a bank in New York city researching the California fruit and vegetable growing market, where he was struck by the impact of farmers finding more direct paths to their customers.

“I learned a ton about that industry that sort of paralleled what’s going on in dairy,” he says, explaining how, over the years, consumers have increasingly come to demand transparency from the people who grow their food. Noblehurst sees the dairy industry struggling, and is convinced part of the problem is farmers failing to make that direct connection. “I saw a lot of businesses in the fruit and vegetable space becoming successful because they were able to have that supply chain story,” which is now something he hopes the creamery can do with its cheese.

The creamery puts the faces of its farmers and their families on the cheese it sells—cheese produced in a facility located right next to the farm. This is all designed to tell consumers that the cheese made here comes from a family farm and not some impersonal corporate farming operation, but the line between family farm and corporate operation has long been a pretty blurry one.

The vast majority of farms today are family farms—98% according to the 2017 USDA Ag Census—but like many businesses, small and large alike, most are structured as a corporation under the law. At the same time, the consolidation of farms is a real phenomenon impacting farmers—a handful of large-scale farms are responsible for most of the food produced in the U.S. today, including dairy foods.

Much like “GMO” or “organic,”corporate farming has come to take on a meaning beyond the literal definition. Consumers suspect a kind of soullessness with corporate farming, which they fear translates to poor treatment of the soil or the crops, the farmworkers or the animals. But in the dairy industry today, farmers have to find ways to scale up in order to survive.

“I’m not sure that us as farmers would be able to get in there without the support of DFA,” says Noblehurst, referring to Dairy Farmers of America, the national dairy cooperative that is a funder the creamery that helped the operation land a number of national grocery chains as regular customers. “DFA brings the corporate relationships, you know, the Stop n Shops, the ShopRite, the Giant Foods,” he explains.

At the same time, the creamery is a cooperative of just eight small dairy farms. The milk is processed in a facility that’s just a short walk from where many of the cows are milked, and the other farms are all located within 30 miles.  Even though Noblehurst and the other farmers had to convince local residents that housing the processing facility right there at the farm was a good idea, the cooperative felt it was important to keep the creamery and the cows close together.

Finding the balance between the tradition of the small farm and those necessary economies of scale is a constant calculation, says Noblehurst. “We have so much technology available to us today that we’re almost unable to keep up with.”

Whether it’s because the technology is impractical for a farm of their size or it costs too much, the newest technology isn’t always the right fit. For example, the cows are milked on a rotary milker, an investment the farm made about ten years ago after moving away from an older parallel parlor system, but robotic milkers aren’t yet a viable option. 

Robotic milkers are still too expensive, even though turning to them would cut labor costs and demand. “It’s becoming much more like, there’s people that just milk cows, people that just do the cropping, so finding [these] highly specialized people…is becoming more challenging, especially in rural areas,” Noblehurst says.

The business often has to be creative about finding workers, whether it’slocal residents (the farm hires workers from an organization that employs developmentally disabled area residents to work the biodigester, for example), students from Cornell University or H-2A visa workers.

“Not a lot of young people are coming back to these jobs,” says Noblehurst, whose family has farmed for generations. Some of the farm’s buildings date back to the 1960s, which is a history Noblehurst is eager to convey even as he shows off the newer technologies like the biodigester. “I think consumers need to know that story [too],” he says. “They want to know that they’re supporting something that’s looking ahead.”


Update on Carlie Ostrom

This photo was taken circa 2004. Carlie was on her way to winning her heat in the kiddie showmanship class at the Outagamie Co Fair.

Jim Ostrom, Carlie’s father shares the following update:

Carlie is in stable yet very concerning condition. Her pneumonia and brain temp is managed. However, She continues to struggle w elevated brain pressure caused by swelling.


NMPF Supports USTR Proposal To Target EU Dairy In Airbus Retaliation

The U.S. Trade Representative’s Office (USTR) should slap tariffs on dairy shipments from Europe in response to the $11 billion in damage EU Airbus subsidies caused the United States, National Milk Producers Federation President and CEO Jim Mulhern said today in testimony before a USTR panel.

The World Trade Organization recently found that Europe’s large civil aircraft subsidies were against international trade rules and permitted the United States to levy duties on EU products until Europe comes into compliance.

“We have a unique opportunity to make a big dent in the dairy market access gap we face with Europe. Including EU cheeses, yogurt, and butter on this list, as USTR has proposed, is entirely warranted, and we would encourage you to add additional EU dairy-related tariff lines,” Mulhern said. Doing so “would bring increased attention to the gross inequities that currently define our dairy trading relationship,” he said.

The United States is currently running a $1.6 billion dairy trade deficit with Europe. A complex web of EU tariffs and nontariff obstacles are to blame, Mulhern said.

“Simply put, we are largely being blocked from the EU market despite being a trusted and proven dairy supplier to the rest of the world,” he said, singling out Europe’s use of Geographic Indication requirements that target common products carrying geographic names like parmesan, feta, and muenster cheeses. Europe blocks sales of these everyday products from the United States and is aggressively pressuring other countries to do the same.

“It is essential that America deliver a clear and powerful message across the pond,” Mulhern said. “Subsidies and barriers that handicap U.S. businesses in the global marketplace will not be tolerated. And the days of trade deficits induced by unfair trade practices are coming to an end.”


Source: NMPF

Stylish Avalanche from Raven Family Tops Western Spring National Heritage Sale for Pappy’s Farm

Held in conjunction with the Western Spring National Show, the 2019 Western Spring National Heritage Sale, the sale is the longest running state sale in the nation. 36 Holstein lots averaged $2,288 and 5 Jersey lots averaged $1,840 for an overall average on 41 lots of $2,232. The sale featured 21 consignments from herds around the West and 20 lots from Pappys Farms of Ogden, UT.

Top seller at $4,200 was Lot 9 – Pappys Avalanche Rosanna-ET, a stylish 9/18 Avalanche out of Pappys Redliner Rosa EX-90, then Markwell Durham Raven-ET EX-93 3E and back into the Markwell Bstar E Raven EX-95 3E family. A maternal sister to Rosanna, Pappys Doorman Rousey-ET was nominated All-American Fall Calf in 2016. She was consignor by Pappys Farms, UT and purchased by Steven Roberts, ID

The 2nd high seller at $3,900 was Pappys D-Back Alley-Red, a red 7/17  Diamondback heifer due in July to Ammo-P, which makes her a viable candidate for the new R&W Summer Junior 2-year-old class at the fall shows. Out of an EX-90 Destry, her 2nd dam is Tri-Day Ashlyn EX-96, the legendary All-American and All-Canadian. She was consigned by Pappys Farms, UT and purchased by T & L Cattle Ltd, BC

Rounding out the top sellers was Skykomish Tatoo Alice-ET, a fancy *RC 12/18 Tatoo calf at $3,700. Her VG-88 dam is an Archrival daughter of the one and only KHW Regiment Apple-Red EX-96 4E, the prolific, breed-changing red cow. Consigned by Michael & Jessica Oliver, WA and purchased by Sutton Russell, NM

Click here for a complete list of results

PETA calls on Australian prime minister to phase out dairy farming

RADICAL animal rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals wants to wean dairy farmers off milking cows to grow soya beans instead.

In a bizarre political stunt PETA has sent Prime Minister Scott Morrison a tiny soybean seed, with the message: “Help the nation’s beleaguered dairy farmers become world-leading agents of change by phasing out mammary secretions in favour of tasty, innovative vegan milks”.

PETA campaigns adviser Mimi Bekhechi’s letter to Mr Morrison states: “A good leader chooses compassion and innovates to futureproof the lives of others”.

“By making the transition to cultivating plant crops rather than exploiting cows, farmers have an opportunity to produce a kinder, healthier, more Earth-friendly milk and to enter a surging non-dairy milk industry worth an estimated $150 million.”

Ms Bekhechi said plants lacked a central nervous system and were not sentient, so “unlike cows, don’t experience physical pain or emotional distress when used in milk production”.

PETA’s motto reads: “Animals are not ours to eat”.

Dairy Connect chairman Graham Forbes said converting to soybeans would just send dairy farmers broke.

“(US President Donald) Trump has just squashed the price of soybeans with his dealings on China,” Mr Forbes said.

“I’ve got no problem with vegans eating their beans, but don’t try and stop us milking cows. It’s almost like a religion to them, that they want to force down our throats.”


Source: The Weekly Times

Robotic milking: Dairy Aus spends $2m to stop farmers giving it up

DAIRY Australia has spent $2 million over the past three years trying to slow the rate of dairy farmers abandoning ­robotic milking to less than 10 per cent a year.

DA’s push, in partnership with milking machine manufacturer DeLaval, comes despite growing evidence that some of the 45 Australian dairy farmers who adopted voluntary robotic milking are ­battling to make it work on pasture-based systems.

West Australian dairy farmer Rob Giura, who has already decommissioned two of his four DeLaval robotic milkers, said he had battled for two years trying to milk a 250-cow herd, but had cut his losses and was now using just two robots to milk 80.

“Originally they quoted me three robots to milk 200 cows,” Mr Giura said. “But we got a fourth, as we were planning on expanding to 250 (cows).”

He said the robots were unable to milk that number of cows, which was backed up by North American benchmarking studies that show robots each harvested 1100 litres of milk per day on pasture-based dairy farms. Even benchmarking studies of 12 Australian farms have shown an average of little more than 1200 litres/robot/day.

Mr Giura said the sums did not stack up when it came to investing in a robot that realistically could milk only 40-50 cows a day, at a cost $350,000-$400,000 (fully installed).

He said Dairy Australia had told him milk production might drop by up to 30 per cent during the transition from conventional to robotic milking, but it should recover within a couple of months.

“But we did not recover at all for two years,” Mr Giura said, with milk production dropping from 9000 to 5800 ­litres (annual per cow).

“After two years we sold off the bulk of our cows and brought the herd down to about 80.”

“The issue was you could not operate at the capacity claimed. The cost of servicing and maintaining them was just too high and there were constant problems.”

Another east-coast dairy farmer, who did not wish to be named due the family seeking compensation from DeLaval, said he knew of three other farmers who had decommissioned their robots.

He said the family had given up on their robotic units after milk production had dropped from a 9000-litre average to 6500 litres.

“The robots were always breaking down and used a huge amount of water, chemicals and power,” he said.

DeLaval Oceania vice president Justin Thompson said “the vast majority of our robotics farmers in Australia are getting the results they wanted”.

“In the ten years since installing our first robotic system in Australia DeLaval has had two farms decommission their robots and we continue to work with new farmers who are installing robotic systems after seeing the benefits to other farms.”

When asked why it was still investing in robotic milking a Dairy Australia spokeswoman said its role was to speed up the demonstration and introduction of new technologies.


Source: The Weekly Times

The low down on the supposed benefits of Anchor a2 milk

So what is all the fuss about a2 milk?

OPINION: A2 milk has been featuring on the supermarket shelves for some time now and is marketed as being beneficial for people who ‘have trouble drinking regular milk’.

The company whose slogan features ‘feel the difference’ report some consumers find having a2 milk ‘feels better in their bodies and is more comfortable to digest’. 

A2 milk can be purchased at any of the main supermarket chains throughout the country and comes in either a 2L or 1L light proof bottle. Nutritionally a2 milk is very similar in terms of protein, calcium, fats and vitamins to standard milk and also comes in a full fat and light option.

So what is a2 milk and what is all the fuss about?

Milk consists of two proteins – casein and whey, of which casein accounts for 80 per cent of the protein in milk.

There are different types of casein in milk, beta- casein being one of these. Beta-casein makes up 30 per cent of the protein in milk and comes in two forms – A1 and A2. The difference in the A1 and A2 beta-casein being an amino acid – at the 67th position. 

Most cows produce a mix of both A1 and A2 beta-casein in their milk, however there is a select group of cows that naturally produce only A2 protein and no A1 protein – which (you guessed it) is where a2 milk is sourced from.

Research indicates that a peptide known as BCM-7 is released when we digest A1 containing milk and not A2 milk. It has been suggested that the BCM-7 peptide may have some effects on our gastrointestinal tract such as bloating, gas, softer stools, abdominal pain and stool frequency.

However, there are limited human studies that have proven this theory and, interestingly, of the few studies available most have been funded by the a2 Milk Company.

Is a2 milk beneficial for those who suffer from lactose intolerance?

Lactose intolerance is a common cause of abdominal discomfort, bloating, gas, loose stools and constipation. Both A1 and A2 milk contain the same amount of lactose, so a2 milk is not an appropriate option. 

Another, group of people who can be troubled by dairy are those who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome.

Some symptoms can be attributed to lactose fermenting in the bowel – again a2 milk would not benefit this group of people as it contains lactose.

So did I ‘feel the difference’ drinking this milk?

There weren’t any significant taste changes between the a2 and my standard low fat milk, nor did I notice any change in bowels/bloating/gas!

What I did notice was the price difference with the a2 milk setting me back almost double the price of my standard milk.

Overall, a2 milk is pricey product which, at the present, doesn’t look like it warrants the extra dosh you spend for it at the supermarket for it. 

There needs to be more research done in this area, however if you suffer from bloating, gas, and altered bowels and are willing to pay extra it could be worth a try for some people.

*Abbey Billing is NZ Registered Dietitian


Mixed Markets on Mercantile Exchange Wednesday

On the Chicago Mercantile Exchange milk futures traded mostly higher Wednesday while cash markets were mixed. Class III milk showed some strength in Wednesday’s trading. May moved lower late in the day falling  2 cents to $16.27/cwt, June gained 5 cents to $16.24 and July gained 10 cents to 16.41. Second half months gained as many as 13 cents to finish with an average of $16.68/cwt

Butter led the market again on Wednesday in the CME spot dairy product trade. Gaining 2 ¼ cent on 8 trades to finish at $2.37 ¼.  Dry whey unchanged at $0.34.  Blocks down $0.0025 at $1.6575.  One trade was made at that price. Barrels up $0.0125 at $1.61.  Four trades were made ranging from $1.61 to $1.6125. Nonfat dry milk down $0.0075 at $1.05.  One trade was made at that price.

Grain markets were up strong early following yesterday’s gains, however, lost some momentum as we closed trading. May corn was up ¾ cent to 3.69 ½, May Soybeans finished up 4 to 8.35 ½ and July Soybean meal gain $1.80 to $299.80/ton.

Western Australia’s biggest dairy farm set to end milk production

Milk production is likely to cease on WA’s biggest dairy farm and the land put to other uses, according to owner Ross Woodhouse.

Mr Woodhouse, who put his Scott River farm on the market earlier this year, said the sale wasn’t yet settled, but frontrunners for a purchase included a blue gum tree operator.

There were also several neighbours interested in buying separate properties under his operation, mainly for avocado trees and beef production, with just 20 per cent retained for dairy production.

Mr Woodhouse, who produces 20 million litres a year, or 6 per cent of WA’s production, is selling 4000 hectares over 13 properties, including a $1.3 million milking shed.

A price rise following Woolworths’ axing of $1 a litre milk in February, equivalent to an extra 2.5¢ a litre across his full production, had been a big help. But Mr Woodhouse said he was still struggling to break even because of low farm gate prices and a string of dry seasons meaning big feed bills.

“Although the land itself is in demand, milk production is not considered an attractive option to buyers, demonstrating how tough things are across the industry,” he said. “While it would mean some farmers can increase production, more and more, good farmers will exit the industry, and fresh milk could soon become a niche product.”

From July 2018 to March, WA milk production is down 2.6 per cent from a year earlier, according to Dairy Australia.

Australia wide, production is down 6.7 per cent, with NSW and Queensland hit hardest because of drought conditions.

Mr Woodhouse said several other dairy farmers in his area planned to sell or were in the process of selling. These included one property which was under offer by a blue gum tree operator.

Adding to woes, farmers are bracing themselves for another dry season and hefty feed costs, particularly north of Busselton where there had been no meaningful rain to stimulate pasture growth.

“We are in a better position than most as our area had some rain in early April,” Mr Woodhouse said.

“If we get some more rain soon the pastures will really get going in our area. But some areas further north have not had any good rains and there’s a lot of angst out there.

“Many dairy farmers won’t be able to last through another very dry year that requires big feed costs and the volume of milk could really fall.”


Wisconsin Officially Sets New Milk Production Record in ’18

America’s Dairyland stayed true to its name last year as the state set another record for total milk production. The latest government figures from the USDA confirmed that Wisconsin produced 30.5 billion pounds of milk in 2018, about one percent more than the previous record of 30.3 billion harvested in 2017. Milk per cow also rose to an all-time high of 24,002 pounds, up 277 pounds from the year earlier.

As of January 1, there were 8,110 licensed milk cow operations in the state. That was down 691 from a year ago, and the fourth consecutive year that the herd count was below the 10,000 mark in generations.

Meanwhile, Wisconsin’s overall livestock inventory decreased slightly last year. As of January 1, about 3.5 million head of cattle were counted in the state.

The total number of milk cows at year’s end was around 1.27 million head, about 5,000 less than the previous year–keeping Wisconsin second behind California for number of milk cows.

Source: USAGnet

Dairy farmers continue to struggle as USMCA stalls

 American Dairy farmers are struggling to survive. Literally.

“We’re seeing suicides at all-time high in the dairy industry,” said Michael McMahon, a dairy farmer from upstate New York.

While help is on the way, it’s not coming fast enough for too many in the business of putting milk on American tables.

According to McMahon, these are dreadful times for him and his fellow farmers.

“Emptying out their retirement funds and going the limit on their credit cards just to stay in business,” he said.

The price of milk has been below the cost of production for five years, forcing many small and medium-sized dairy farms out of business. McMahon says international trade disputes are just making things worse.

“When NAFTA was put on the shelf to be dissolved, all of a sudden these trade wars and tariff barriers went up between U.S. and Mexico and U.S. and Canada,” he explained.

“In the past year, you saw more than seven dairy farms failing every day in the United States,” said Alan Bjerga, senior VP of communications for the National Milk Producers Federation.

Bjerga says there’s optimism that the United States-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement, which would replace NAFTA, could provide some relief by expanding market access to Canada and ending some Canadian policies that were problematic for U.S. producers.

But Congress must first approve the USMCA and right now it’s stuck in both the House and the Senate.

Congressman Anthony Brindisi, D-New York, says while he knows dairy farmers need help now, the USMCA still needs work to ensure dairy farmers get a fair shake.

“We want to make sure that trade deals are enforceable and Canada is just not changing the name of the program and still doing the same thing that they’ve done in the past,” Brindisi said.

“Give us back our trade markets,” McMahon declared.

McMahon says a truce in the trade war could ease the dairy crisis and save both businesses and lives.


82 year old legend Mr. Tsutomu Nakagawa leads Sanchez daughter to Victory at Nemuro Black and White Show in Japan

Nemuro Black and White Show, or one of the largest spring shows in eastern Hokkaido, was held yesterday. Grand Champion was the 1st place cow from the Aged Cow Class, and she was 8 years young, 6th lactations, Sanchez daughter, Center-Land Barley Sanchez EX-93-4E-JPN. The highlight of the day was the leadperson of this Grand Champion cow. This 82-years-young well-respected legend is Mr. Tsutomu Nakagawa, of Center-Land Holsteins, of Nemuro. Center-Land Barley Sanchez EX-93-4E-JPN – Sanchez x Rudolph x Martel(Southwind son) x Mystical(Chairman son) x Alliance Ace(Telstar Ace son) x Prince Valiant x Confidence x El Toro x Worry x Tippy x Harvue Elevation Sadie x Harvue Astronaut Gale VG-85-USA(bred by John O. Hardesty & sons, of VA), exhibited by Miss Kayo Nakagawa, of Center-Land Holsteins, of Nemuro. Mr. Yoshinori Kimura, of Engaru, was the judge of this show.


Pictures taken by Mr. Mizuguchi, of Dairyman, the magazine.

Tariff battle with China hurting Pacific Northwest dairy industry

The ongoing tariff battle between the United States and China is already having a ripple effect on farmers and business owners right here in the Pacific Northwest.

More than 450 Northwest dairy farms in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana rely on Darigold to process their milk into products that ship all over the United States and the globe.

“Large amounts of the ingredient gets marketed and sold and distributed around the world – 20 countries, of which, China is one of them,” said Stan Ryan, the president and CEO of Darigold.

But the trade war and increasing tariffs have shot Darigold’s duty to 25 percent, and even higher on some products for the $50 million of business they were doing in China.

“Our competing origins, the countries we compete against to earn customers in China don’t have those same duties so the market dried up for us overnight,” said Ryan.

Other Northwest crops are impacted too – apples, cherries, potatoes and much more.

Kara Kostanich | Tariff battle with China hurting local dairy industry

Kara Kostanich | Tariff battle with China hurting local dairy industry

“If they can’t sell their products overseas, it means less money, which means fewer jobs, and that really impacts our livelihood and the livability of our families in the state of Washington,” said former Washington Governor Gary Locke, who is also a former U.S. Ambassador to China and former U.S. Secretary of Commerce.

Ryan says the tariffs are preventing the already troubled dairy industry from seeing improvement.

“The environmental contributes to already depressed farm prices – so it hurt our local farmers,” said Ryan.

The depressed farm prices are due to chronic oversupply.

Just last year Darigold opened an office in Shanghai because of what Ryan calls an unbelievable long-term growth opportunity.

So for now, since business has all but stopped, the office remains busy with potential future customers so they are ready when the tide turns.

“We are investing in it and we have the faith that our U.S. trade representative in the administration will see this through and will come out with a good logical outcome,” said Ryan.


Raw milk regulations need ‘a little bit of flexibility’

Farm Fresh South is a boutique dairy farm at Woodlands, specialising in raw milk sales.

Owned by Logan and Melissa Johnson, they milk about 30 cows, and calve four times a year on their 21ha farm.

While they are not certified organic, they operate organically.

The milk they do not sell goes to their calves or gets made into butter for their own use.

They also took part in the Ministry of Primary Industries’ (MPI) recent survey of suppliers and clients’ views on current regulations around the supply and sale of raw milk.

Mr Johnson said for the most part, the regulations and their intent were good and worked well, but some of the requirements inhibited small business growth.

”We want our business to be successful, and there has to be room for small businesses to grow,” he said.

”A little bit of flexibility is needed.”

He would like to see changes to the requirement that a wordy health warning be included in every advertisement.

”I have no issue with the warning display required on advertising on the bottle or point of sale,” Mr Johnson said.

”However, at present, if we wanted to support the local school and put a wee ad in their newsletter, the whole ad would be only the warning.”

They would also like to be able to sell their milk from the farmers’ markets but are unable to do so.

Customers can either have it delivered to their door or buy from the vending machine at the farm.

”We would like to deliver milk to customers’ work for them to take home, but we can’t as only home deliveries are allowed.”

He would like to be able to sell raw milk to cafes for use in coffees and would be keen to set up a ”Milk Lovers Club” type system where cafe customers who want raw milk receive a card and they can only get that milk when showing their card.

”That allows traceability.

”The customers get what they want and the cafe gets what it wants.

”It can be done properly but at the moment the regulations do not allow that”.

He would also like to see the ministry’s information about raw milk to be balanced and in context.

”The information MPI puts out about raw milk on its website talks about cases where raw milk was a risk factor in health breakouts, but doesn’t clarify whether it was direct from a vat intended for pasteurisation, or what other risk factors were.

”At the moment it is not balanced,” he said.


Source: Otago Daily Times

Future cartons will track milk from farm to fridge

Cornell food scientists are designing the milk carton of the future that will give consumers precise “best by” dates and improve sustainability by reducing food waste.

The Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research(FFAR), the New York State Dairy Promotion Orderand Chobanihave given $1.56 million to Cornell’s Milk Quality Improvement Program to develop milk carton technology that gives wholesalers, retailers and consumers accurate shelf life information.

“We can apply digital agriculture tools directly onto the milk cartons to decrease food waste, since consumers get rid of milk too fast,” said Martin Wiedmann, the Gellert Family Professor in Food Safety and the project’s principal investigator. “We can accomplish this while improving the sustainability of our food supply.”

The best by date imprinted on milk cartons and other foods indicates when a product is likely at peak quality, but consumers often interpret the dates as an expiration and discard the milk without realizing it’s still safe to drink, according to FFAR.

FFAR was established by the Agricultural Act of 2014 – better known as the Farm Bill – to support agricultural research, foster collaboration and complement the mission of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Wiedmann said milk cartons of the future will likely have a QR code that would offer specific information about that milk, such as the originating farm, the fluid milk processing plant and possible microbial influences, as well as a separate indicator that records carton temperature and time. Retailers and consumers could scan both the QR code and the indicator; an app would then quickly calculate how much longer the milk will last.

Renata Ivanek, associate professor of epidemiology in Cornell’s College of Veterinary Medicine, will collaborate with Wiedmann on creating the models that synthesize scientific literature. “It’s predictive modeling to show how much shelf life is left and which interventions could extend it,” said Ivanek. “The model will account for conditions and processes, from the farm to the processing plant to retail handling and to homes.”

Aaron Adalja, assistant professor of food and beverage management at the School of Hotel Administration, focuses on applied economics and policy. For this grant, Adalja will examine the retailer and consumer sides of improved shelf life dates.

“If a retailer can accurately predict when food is going to spoil, for example,” he said, “this may be an opportunity to use dynamic pricing to incentivize consumption before the milk spoils.”

Said Adalja: “At the same time, we don’t want to create a price incentive for consumers to waste milk, so we need to study economic interests to understand how precise shelf life dates can affect consumer behavior and waste.”


Milk Markets Lower in Chicago Tuesday

On the Chicago Mercantile Exchange milk futures traded higher Tuesday while cash markets were under pressure.  Class III milk markets ranged from 3 cents lower in May and 7 cents higher in both August and September. June up three cents at $16.19.  July three cents higher at $16.31.  August up six cents at $16.62.  September through January contracts were four to seven cents higher.

Dry whey unchanged at $0.34.  Blocks down $0.0075 at $1.66.  Five trades were made ranging from $1.66 to $1.6625. Barrels down $0.0375 at $1.60.  Ten trades were made ranging from $1.60 to $1.63. Butter down $0.01 at $2.35.  Five trade was made ranging from $2.3325 to $2.35. Nonfat dry milk down $0.0025 at $1.0575.  One trade was made at $1.06.

Holstein Australia Youth UK Exchange returns for 2019 – Entries now open

The search is on for the Holstein Australia 2019 Youth UK exchange scholarship recipient, with applications now open.

The scholarship winner will visit and work on dairy farms throughout England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, staying with Holstein UK members, visit AI companies and businesses allied with the UK dairy industry and take part in two of the UK’s biggest dairy events of the year.

At the All Breeds All Britain Calf Show and South West Dairy Show, they will play an active role in the preparation and showing of calves. The All Breeds All Britain Calf Show is one of the highlights of the UK Holstein Young Breeders year and includes classes not only for Holstein calves but also for six other dairy breeds, including: British Friesian; Jersey; Guernsey; Brown Swiss; Ayrshire & Dairy Shorthorn breeds. The South West Dairy Show is the UK’s largest dairy show.

Former scholarship winner, Amabel Grinter from Muckatah in Northern Victoria, says: “My exchange visit to the UK was the most incredible experience and I would encourage anyone with a passion for the dairy industry to apply. I made great friends, learnt so much, and have been able to apply a lot of the knowledge I gained on our family farm.”

Graeme Gillan, Holstein Australia Chief Executive Officer, says: “With learning, development, practical working on-farm, skills development and networking the focus of the trip, plus some sightseeing, our Holstein Australia Youth UK exchange winner will gain first-hand knowledge of how dairy farming in the UK compares to that of Australia, bringing back vital understanding to develop their own career in agriculture.”

The exchange, now in its third year, runs from Saturday 21st September to Monday 21st October 2019. The scholarship  winner will receive return air fares and hosted accommodation on Holstein UK member dairy farms throughout England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, as well as playing an active role at the All Breeds All Britain Calf Show and South West Dairy Show.

Who can enter?

Entry is open to all Australian residents aged 18 to 30 years who can demonstrate a tangible connection with the Australia dairy industry.

How to enter?

Send your written application by email to Adam Sawell at including a covering letter of up to 300 words and a two page (maximum) resume and tell us:

  • A bit about your knowledge and experience of Holstein breeding and dairy farming
  • Your current involvement with the dairy industry
  • A bit about your passion for and knowledge of breeding Holstein cattle
  • What you hope to learn from the Holstein Australia Youth UK exchange
  • Why you would make a good ambassador for the Australian dairy industry in the UK

Key dates

Entries must be received at the Holstein Australia office by 5pm on Friday 31st May. Interviews for shortlisted applicants will take place on Wednesday 12th June, with the winner notified week commencing Monday 17th June.


Source: NewsMaker

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