News – Page 2

Agolin is Acquired by Alltech

Alltech, a Kentucky-based feed and food additive firm, has purchased a controlling stake in Agolin, a Swiss company that specialises in sustainable animal nutrition.

“Alltech is committed to assisting farmers and ranchers with holistic sustainability: producing more nutritious milk, meat, and eggs with less environmental impact while ensuring their business’s profitability,” the firm said in a statement announcing the purchase.

Agolin, which was founded in 2006, has developed and manufactured plant-based animal nutrition solutions that make use of high-quality essential oil blends. In 2018, one of its fundamental products, Agolin® Ruminant, became The Carbon Trust’s first feed additive certified for methane reduction in ruminants.

“Agolin’s essential oil blends complement Alltech’s nutritional technologies, and we believe that even greater benefits to producers can be achieved through the synergistic use of our technologies,” said Alltech. “These advantages include improved animal welfare, increased feed efficiency and conversion, more milk and meat, higher profitability, and a lower environmental footprint.”

Checkoff Building Trust with Youth Through Dairy-Focused Science Education

The dairy checkoff is bringing a new approach to building trust with young Americans by helping high school curriculum writers across the country incorporate accurate science behind dairy farming.


The “On The Farm STEM” (science, technology, engineering and math) experience is co-funded by National Dairy Council and Midwest Dairy, and it is bringing leading science educators and curriculum directors to dairy farms to discover ideas that can fit into high school curriculum. Ultimately, the program – created in partnership with the American Farm Bureau Foundation for Agriculture – will offer a science-based counterbalance to misunderstanding about how dairy is responsibly produced by farmers and its contributions to health and wellness.


The curriculum is expected to be implemented in several states by early 2024.


The on-farm immersion experiences began last year when Midwest Dairy arranged for educators from 15 states and Puerto Rico to visit dairy farms and other industry entities in Minnesota to see firsthand how farmers use many STEM-aligned aspects to care for the environment and their cows.


More recently, the Dairy Council of Florida hosted nearly 30 STEM thought leaders and curriculum directors from across the state to three dairy farms. Similar dairy visits are being arranged by the Oregon Dairy and Nutrition Council, Dairy Farmers of Washington and United Dairy Industry of Michigan for this summer.


Greg Watts of Full Circle Dairy in Florida was among the farmers who hosted a visit and said STEM curriculum featuring dairy is critical for teachers and students who are generations removed from farming.


“The connection back to ag and dairy is so important in today’s world where there is so much misinformation out there,” Watts said. “It’s nice for us to offer our perspective to show what we’re dealing with on a day-to-day basis to care for the environment and our cows. We’re sharing it with somebody who may teach this to students and that gives us hope and encouragement for the future generation. To me, this is mission critical.”


On The Farm STEM has its beginnings in the beef checkoff after ranchers sought a positive and proactive measure to anti-animal agriculture groups sending information to schools. Daniel Meloy, executive director of American Farm Bureau Foundation for Agriculture, said the beef program has been successful and led to a similar collaboration with the dairy checkoff.


“It has been a terrific opportunity and already has had a significant impact,” Meloy said. “The best part is when I hear from teachers who say they have students who are suddenly seeing ag careers in a different light. They may have had an image of overalls and digging in the dirt, but the students are now applying to colleges to pursue an agricultural career. The kids are getting excited about agriculture because the program makes it relevant. Everyone eats, so it makes it very real for them.”



Some dairy-focused classroom materials already are being used in school pilot programs. National Dairy Council and Midwest Dairy are creating an implementation handbook that other state and regional checkoff organizations can customize based on the characteristics of their local needs.


The checkoff is building relationships with key education organizations such as the National Science Teaching Association and respected curriculum reviewers to bring awareness to the STEM content.


Heather Ihde, an educator from Nashville, Tennessee, was among the teachers who participated in the dairy farm tours in Minnesota. She saw much potential for dairy-focused curriculum following her farm visit.


“The sustainability message that runs through all the experiences is going to be incredible for all classrooms,” Ihde said. “I had never been on a farm before, and it was really eye-opening to see the technology and the relevance to my students’ lives. I want to find local farms and see how we can replicate experiences like this for our teachers and our students and help them bring more ag science into the classroom.”


To learn more about the dairy checkoff, visit

U.S. Dairy Advances Collaboration, Action Toward Sustainability Priorities

Industry leaders and stakeholders from across the dairy value chain discussed priorities, best practices, challenges, work and considered opportunities that align U.S. dairy and collectively puts the industry on a path to providing sustainable solutions for people and planet during the recent 2023 Dairy Sustainability Alliance® Spring Meeting.

Barbara O’Brien, who serves as president and CEO of the Innovation Center for U.S. Dairy and Dairy Management Inc. (DMI), opened the meeting by saying the Alliance – a multi-stakeholder group involving more than 180 companies and organizations who want to contribute to dairy’s social responsibility journey – is more important than ever amid escalating challenges related to the environment, inflation and increasing supply chain protocols, standards and reporting requirements.

“The stakes are high, and the challenges, competition and counter narrative only get more intense,” O’Brien said. “I hear and am inspired by the people, commitment and hard work taking place across the industry.”

O’Brien said the Alliance, in its 15th year, follows principles that contribute to the long-term viability of the U.S. dairy industry, such as knowledge sharing and use of science-based research and tools. The Alliance works to identify solutions that reflect the diversity of farmers, products and the industry overall.

O’Brien told the 240 meeting attendees – including 19 dairy farmer representatives – they are “doing the doing and helping to raise all boats.” She cited the many farmer-led conservation groups that have received climate smart agriculture grants and the 36 companies representing 75 percent of milk production that have adopted the U.S. Dairy Stewardship Commitment, all of which signal voluntary action that advances sustainability leadership and transparent reporting of progress.

“While challenges continue, I hope you’re as confident as I am in the future for U.S. dairy and that’s in large part to the people in this room and your peers across the country,” she said. “Because, ultimately, people and relationships are at the very heart of what we do as we bring great minds together to advance dairy as a category – across environmental, social and economic priorities.”

Following O’Brien, a panel discussion addressed efforts to deliver dairy nutrition that meets emerging and personalized health needs for consumers, today and tomorrow. Dr. Katie Brown, executive vice president of scientific and nutrition affairs for National Dairy Council, said assuring food security is vital with more than one in five U.S. adults – 34 million people including 9 million children – facing food insecurity.

Brown said the industry’s partnership with Feeding America, which has a network of 200 food banks, is increasing access to dairy. In 2016, 226 million pounds of dairy moved through Feeding America’s network, but it grew to 664 million pounds in 2021 during the pandemic when food insecurity rates soared. Last year, 506 million pounds were distributed.

“Feeding America knows dairy is a nutritional powerhouse and is important to their clients,” Brown said. “Milk is one of the most requested and least donated items in food banks and Feeding America has set an ambitious goal that dairy will be 10 percent of foods distributed throughout its network by 2025. This is the power of partnerships.”

Representatives of ZS – a global management consulting and technology firm – shared research results that revealed which aspects of foods have growing appeal to younger consumers, particularly as it relates to their broadening views of holistic health and wellbeing. The group examined 37 of the most managed health and wellness conditions and conducted research to determine which areas hold the greatest potential for dairy.

ZS is working with the Innovation Center’s Health and Well-Being Task Force to narrow the areas where dairy can best meet consumers’ changing expectations of food now and in the future. Examples include physical/athletic performance, bone health energy, and Alliance attendees discussed opportunities to inform the task force’s work.

Environmental stewardship emphasized

A large part of the meeting focused on U.S. dairy’s environmental actions and how that work contributes to addressing climate change, supporting biodiversity and healthy ecosystems. This includes how dairy practices at the farm and plant level contribute to a circular economy, such as better utilization of the nutrient and biological value of manure and the upcycling of protein-rich whey from cheesemaking.

In another session, Dr. Tim Kurt, senior vice president, environmental research for DMI, shared how the checkoff is partnering to advance several projects that support the industry in reaching its collective 2050 environmental stewardship goals. Kurt provided updates on projects focused on reducing dairy’s greenhouse gas footprint related to feed, enteric methane, manure and energy, including:

  • Dairy Soil and Water Regeneration: Feed footprint and water quality
  • Greener Cattle Initiative: Enteric methane mitigation
  • Ruminant Farms Systems: Whole farm process-based model to enable scenario planning

“We support pre-competitive research that benefits the entire industry, including the development of practices and technologies and evaluating their impact through modeling work,” Kurt said. “Our scientists seek to improve the understanding of the effectiveness and credibility of the solutions available today and in the future so farmers and the broader industry can feel confident in choosing the ones right for their farm and business.”

When U.S. dairy set its environmental stewardship goals in 2020, the Innovation Center committed to report progress toward them every five years. Karen Scanlon, executive vice president of environmental stewardship for DMI, and Nicole Ayache, chief sustainability officer for National Milk Producers Federation (NMPF), outlined the approach for measuring and reporting progress on the goals over the short and long term and how the industry-developed FARM Environmental Stewardship and Processor Stewardship Reporting tools will aggregate data for reporting.

“More and more, companies, farmers and food categories are called upon to report on sustainability-related topics,” Scanlon said. “Consumers, customers, retailers are all calling on dairy – from farms to cooperatives to processors – to report on environmental, social and governance topics. Measuring and reporting matters. Industry reporting enables us to credibly and transparently communicate what we want people to know about how U.S. dairy is fulfilling its social responsibility commitments.”

A panel discussion featuring Ahold Delhaize USA, Hannaford Supermarkets, HP Hood, Dairy Farmers of America, Agri-Mark and NMPF focused on dairy value chain collaboration to advance worker well-being.

Farmworker safety and well-being are priorities addressed through the National Dairy FARM Program’s Workforce Development tool. Assessments help identify areas where additional education, training, or resources can support farmers.

“When we talk about the value a dairy farm brings to a community, we have to remember to value the people we depend on every day to care for our cows, to make sure our milk is high quality, safe and fresh and making sure they are nourishing our communities near and far,” said Maine dairy farmer Jenni Tilton-Flood, an Agri-Mark member. “FARM Workforce Development gives us a lens that isn’t size specific and allows everyone to get a better look at what is going on at our farms. This program builds trust and transparency.”

Pennsylvania dairy farmer, Innovation Center board member and DMI Chair Marilyn Hershey closed the meeting with credit given to Alliance members for their collaboration that has led to continued environmental success and improvements. Hershey shared insights from representing U.S. dairy in global meetings, such as one hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization, an agency of the United Nations.

“It was very eye-opening,” Hershey said. “There have been a lot of conversations happening for decades about farming without farmers being there. Everyone is so pinpoint focused on food, climate change and the production of food. Thankfully collaboration is happening even more, but it needs to go past dairy and into all of agriculture. We need to bring the whole barnyard together.

“Progress and collaboration are what make U.S. dairy stand out as a leader in the agriculture sector. I hear it over and over that we are a leader in the sustainable food systems space.”

To learn more about the Innovation Center for U.S. Dairy, visit

Investigating Dairy Feed: Climate, Cost, and Regional Sourcing

The Netherlands is a European pioneer in using local vegetables and food sector byproducts into dairy cow diets. Every month, the local dairy sector makes greater success in this area, and other nations such as Germany are keeping a careful eye on it.

However, the issue is complicated, according to Dr Wilfried van Straalen of Wageningen University’s Schothorst Feed Research.

What do dairy cows consume now in the Netherlands, and why?

“Cattle feed is primarily byproducts of grain or oil seed processing, with palm expeller meal imported from Indonesia and Malaysia being a common ingredient,” Van Straalen explains. “From 5-25% of the concentrate feed can be palm expeller meal, because it’s high in protein, the price is reasonable, and it’s well evaluated as an energy source within the Dutch feed industry.”

However, utilising less of this feed source is typically regarded desirable in Holland due to worries about local use/transportation as well as concerns about burning forests to produce palm. According to Van Straalen, this feed component is no longer utilised in certain other European nations, such as Scandinavia. This is owing to environmental concerns, but it might also be due to its high transportation costs and abundant supply of local crops like barley and oats.

Dairy feed efficiency: from low protein diets to youngstock
Feed efficiency on a dairy farm improves animal performance while also ensuring a profitable and sustainable enterprise. Rosalinde Goselink was interviewed in this video at the Dairy Campus in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands. She works at Wageningen Livestock Research and does research on this topic. Continue reading…
“Also, in the Netherlands, we feed dairy cows meadow grass, corn silage, and grass silage, as well as wet by-products like beetroot pulp, brewer’s grains, and potato byproducts,” Van Straalen explains. “These products are well suited to ruminant diets.” Brewer’s grains are rich in fibre and low in protein. By-pass starch is present in relatively high concentrations in potato processing by-products. Beetroot pulp was formerly dried and pelleted, but owing to costs, it is now maintained moist and ensiled. It has a lot of digestible fibre, which is great for dairy cows.”

Corn gluten feed, wheat gluten feed, wheat middlings and corn DDGS are also fed to Dutch dairy cows, either locally or from across Europe. These materials are also abundant in protein and fibre. Citrus pulp is also often consumed, although it is becoming more scarce. Wheat, barley, and sunflower meal are further ingredients.

According to Van Straalen, more of these local feed sources from additional areas and sectors are projected to be introduced to the dairy cow diet in Holland. “The dairy industry, as well as the consumer and government, want this,” he argues.

Legislative thrust

The urge for more local feed is motivated by cost, but it is also motivated by rising environmental concerns and laws. Farmers are facing rising limits in terms of greenhouse gas emissions (nitrous oxide, CO2, methane, and ammonia) across the EU, with a particular emphasis on nitrogen restrictions in Holland, as everyone in agriculture is aware.

That is why, as Van Straalen says, there is a trend towards more crude protein in diets, which minimises nitrogen waste. “This will entail a focus on high-quality protein sources, as well as a much closer look at amino acid levels in diets to better match cattle needs,” he adds. In the future, this will be increasingly essential in ruminant feeding.”

Climate Change and Cows From the environment and emissions to food and welfare. Many variables influence how to effectively manage dairy cows in order to farm sustainably. We look at everything from ammonia to carbon emissions and methane in this section. More information may be found here.
He also believes that additional study into how to utilise by-pass amino acids and protein in the diet is needed. That is, there are several methods for protecting amino acids from ruminal breakdown, such as altering the chemical structure or adding a protective coating, to guarantee they remain intact until they are absorbed in the small intestine.

According to Van Straalen, the good news is that amino acid products have greatly improved in terms of by-pass protection as well as gut digestibility.

In the past, good by-pass value was obtained by treating rapeseed meal and soybean meal with formaldehyde, but this treatment has been outlawed in other EU countries and will be phased out in the Netherlands this year. As a result, in the next months, there will be a quick shift in the Netherlands to alternate therapies, untreated meals, or other sources of by-pass protein.

While lupins and peas contain protein with high by-pass value, they must be toasted to do so. According to Van Straalen, this is not yet an industrial practise, but study into it is ongoing at Schothorst Feed study and other institutions and enterprises.

Soybean meal, presumably certified against rainforest damage, is one dairy feed component Van Straalen does not anticipate to alter in Europe in the coming years. This is because to its high protein quality.

ALSO READ: A trial using almond husk feed to minimise methane emissions in dairy cows
Olam Food Ingredients will shortly begin a study in which almond hulls and shells will be reused as a healthy feed source for New Zealand dairy cows. Using this byproduct of almond processing has the potential to cut methane emissions as well as agricultural input costs. Continue reading…
Commitment to sourcing local feed

According to Van Straalen, the Dutch Dairy Association (NZO) has made a general promise that in the future, 65% of protein in the national ration would originate from local sources (including grass). This is part of the bigger ‘On the Way to PlanetProof’ food certification system.
PlanetProof says that “by having a minimum of 50% of the feed generated in-house, [farms] are motivated to further close the cycle…The dairy farmer may conclude the cycle by employing self-produced raw materials such as manure and calf feed, as well as acquiring raw materials in an efficient and restricted manner.”

Education provided by the government

According to Van Straalen, the largest hurdle to raising the quantity of local feed used by Dutch dairy producers is government officials’ lack of expertise.

“To reduce ammonia, the government here has requested voluntary milk production stops and plans to force farm buyouts in 2024 if necessary, but there are other solutions,” he adds.

“We’ve done a lot of research on how to reduce protein, but there’s still work to be done to figure out how low you can go without affecting cow performance.” And if we utilise more grass, if grass is the primary food supply, and farmers do not fertilise the fields, the nitrogen/protein concentration of the grass will be reduced, resulting in decreased ammonia emissions from cow excrement. This implies that we may have to tolerate decreased milk output in order to minimise ammonia levels. More debate of these and other topics is required.”

Pennsylvania Cow Earns Title of 2022 Star of the Breed

The 2022 Star of the Breed is Show-Mar Crush Everyone, owned by Wesley Brantner of Saegertown, Pennsylvania.

Holstein Association USA’s Star of the Breed award is an elite accolade designed to recognize a Registered Holstein® cow with outstanding production and exceptional type. This year’s recipient, Show-Mar Crush Everyone, has eye-catching dairy character, an incredible udder, and impressive milk production. To top it off, her owners say she has the style and personality to match.

Crush Everyone is owned by Wesley Brantner of Saegertown, Pennsylvania. Wesley works on his family’s farm, Show-Mar Holsteins. The 70-cow herd is owned by his parents, Mark and Jelena Brantner. To the Junior Holstein member, the award holds special significance.

“Winning the award means a lot because it shows you are on the right track to better cows,” Wesley explains. “I appreciate that the Star of the Breed award looks at both the way she is classified and the way she’s milking.”

Show-Mar Crush Everyone qualified for the award with her fourth-place finish in the Four-Year-Old cow class at the Northeast Spring National Show in 2022. She has a lifetime production record of 108,990 pounds of milk with 4,165 pounds of fat (3.8%) and 3,421 pounds of protein (3.1%). She’s also classified Excellent 92.

“Crush Everyone has an incredible udder, with a high, wide rear udder, a good tight seam, and it attaches really well,” Wesley shares. “She’s got a lot of style, and is really dairy with a nice pretty head, wide pins, and good feet and legs.”

The 2022 Star of the Breed will be recognized during Holstein Association USA’s 137th Annual Meeting at the 2023 National Holstein Convention in Lexington, Kentucky this summer. To learn more or register for convention, visit

For the full story on Show-Mar Crush Everyone, see the Spring 2023 issue of The Pulse. Select pages, including the Star of the Breed article, are now available online at under the Latest News tab.



Holstein Association USA, Inc., provides programs, products and services to dairy producers to enhance genetics and improve profitability — including animal identification and ear tags, genomic testing, mating programs, dairy records processing, classification, communication, consulting services, and Holstein semen.

The Association, headquartered in Brattleboro, VT., represents approximately 25,000 members throughout the United States. To learn more about Registered Holsteins® and the other exciting programs offered by the Holstein Association, visit, and follow us on InstagramFacebook, and Twitter.

The California Floods Are Not All Bad News

Tulare Lake formerly encompassed 700 square miles and may reach 1,000 in severely rainy conditions. It started diminishing in the late 1800s as irrigated agriculture gained root in adjacent territories, and it has been totally dry most of the time since the mid-twentieth century. However, not this spring. The lake has now regained more than 100 square miles, and with the majority of the record southern Sierra Nevada snowpack yet to melt, it’s certain to expand more.

Although the lakebed itself is lightly inhabited, subsidence caused by groundwater pumping has placed numerous villages along its eastern border (the largest by far being Corcoran, population 22,535) under jeopardy. Over the last three weeks, frantic levee construction has lowered the likelihood of a significant residential deluge, but it’s already too late for some outlying residences and dairy farms near the lake and the rivers that feed it.

The crops produced on the lakebed are mostly annuals like cotton and tomatoes, rather than permanent vineyards or orchards. It was last swamped to this magnitude in 1983, with the water remaining in some parts for two years. Farmers’ lost income was significant, with the US Army Corps of Engineers estimating $132 million ($400 million in 2023 currency) in agricultural losses in the four counties in the lake’s catchment. However, depending on who is counting, those four counties generated agricultural income of $25 billion to $30 billion in 2021, with the great majority coming from places that are unlikely to flood.

The main economic significance of this year’s deluge for what is known to water nerds as the Tulare Lake hydrologic region and to everyone else as the southern San Joaquin Valley is instead the opportunity it presents to postpone a reckoning from more than a century of pumping more water out of the ground than seeps back in and possibly even put the region’s ever-thirsty agricultural industry on a path to sustainability. During California’s last extraordinarily rainy spring five years ago, I wrote about similar difficulties. They haven’t completely vanished, but there has been some improvement. And, as the former farm editor of the Tulare Advance-Register (for about 13 months in 1988 and 1989), I’m not going to pass up another opportunity to write about the region that generates more farm revenue than any other in the United States and uses more water than all of California’s residential, commercial, and industrial users combined.

The aquatic endowments of the Tulare Lake basin extended well beyond the lake itself, as seen by the marshes highlighted in grey on the above 1873 map. When painter and naturalist John Woodhouse Audubon (son of John James) arrived in what he dubbed the Tulare Valley in November 1849, it was already sopping wet due to California’s regular rainy season. “During the dry season, this great plain may be travelled on,” he wrote, “but now numerous ponds and lakes exist, and the ground is in places, for miles, too boggy to ride over, so we were forced to skirt the hills.” Audubon came upon what he dubbed “the river of the lakes” near the north end of the basin, where the Tulare basin’s surplus water sloshed into the San Joaquin River, which carried it north into San Francisco Bay during particularly rainy years.

The area did not get much rain. Deserts are defined as areas with less than 10 inches (25 centimetres) of average annual precipitation. Since the late 1800s, Fresno, at the northern border of the Tulare Lake basin, has gotten an average of 11.5 inches of rain; Bakersfield, to the south, has averaged 6.5 inches. With the highest mountain peak in the continental US and eight of California’s ten tallest along its eastern boundary, the basin could bank on a massive, albeit unequal, supply of melting snow, virtually all of which remained rather than flowing out to sea.

Farmers began to dry out the lands and channel the water in the decades following Audubon’s visit, first to accommodate the cattle herds of San Francisco beef barons Miller and Lux, then to the wheat fields depicted in Frank Norris’s 1901 novel The Octopus, then cotton, and finally to today’s relative diversity of crops. The four counties of the basin — Fresno, Tulare, Kern, and Kings — will contribute 49% of California’s agricultural earnings in 2021 and likely approximately 5% of the national total. (2) The most recent national agricultural census for which the US Department of Agriculture has released results is from 2017, at the tail end of a terrible drought in California, and the Tulare basin counties, along with the four counties of the northern San Joaquin Valley, still occupied six of the top seven and eight of the top 18 in the US county rankings.

Grapes and milk were the region’s leading agricultural products in 2021, with almonds and pistachios being the significant gainers in previous decades.

Water channelled from the region’s four major rivers (from north to south: Kings, Kaweah, Tule, and Kern) supplies part of the supply required to grow all of this, although groundwater is the primary resource in all but the wettest years. The water table was so high in the early days that all one had to do was dig, and water would come spurting out of the earth. Farmers in the area began to employ gas and steam pumps by the 1890s, and the first electric pump was erected in 1900. Tulare Lake was nearly gone by mid-century, the water table was rapidly falling, and area farmers needed a water bailout, which they received in the 1950s from the federal Central Valley Project and in the 1960s from California’s State Water Project, both of which took water from wetter regions to the north and delivered it to the Tulare Lake basin.

Tulare Lake basin farmers have consumed an average of 10.8 million acre-feet of water each year to raise all those crops during the last two decades. An acre-foot equals 325,851 gallons, or 1.2 million litres, but a more appropriate comparison is to total applied water consumption in California by agricultural and urban (residential, commercial, and industrial) users, which averaged 42.2 million acre-feet during the same time. That’s correct: Agricultural users in the Tulare Lake watershed accounted for over a quarter of all human water usage in California, 27% higher than all urban users combined.

Perhaps more importantly, 10.8 million acre-feet of water is more than Tulare Lake basin farmers can now expect from the region’s rivers, a sustainable pace of groundwater extraction, and imports from points north — all of which have been hampered in recent decades by drought, increased demand from Southern California cities, and environmental regulations. According to the Public Policy Institute of California, groundwater overdraft in the San Joaquin Valley averages 2 million acre-feet per year. The Tulare basin accounts for almost two-thirds of that, with anticipated consequences like fast ground subsidence in areas of the region and the drying up of numerous wells.

The state legislature approved the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act in 2014, a bundle of measures aimed at finally ending overpumping. Overdraft-prone areas were obliged to establish groundwater sustainability agencies tasked with developing strategies to bring long-term groundwater consumption and supply into balance by 2042. It’s a very lengthy, conflict-ridden process, but speaking with veteran watcher Ellen Hanak, head of the PPIC Water Policy Centre, last week, I was startled by how positive she sounded. “There’s progress,” she said. “It’s just that it’s hard, and sometimes it’s two steps forward, one step back, or one step forward, two steps back.”

Maybe she isn’t that hopeful. Farmers in the Tulare Lake basin, on the other hand, reduced water consumption during previous droughts, mostly by fallowing less profitable land, and they are making progress this year in rebuilding groundwater supplies. Parts of the permeable Kern River “alluvial fan” west of Bakersfield have been exploited for groundwater replenishment for decades. Currently, the whole structure is submerged.

Smaller initiatives are underway across the Tulare Lake basin, aided by Governor Gavin Newsom’s March 10 executive order suspending most permission procedures for floodwater diversions meant to replenish groundwater. Tulare Lake’s return isn’t much assistance on this front; it was and is a lake in part because the land underneath it isn’t permeable. However, the combination of an extremely wet winter and spring, as well as the prospect of rules prohibiting farmers from pumping more water out of the ground than is replenished naturally and through human efforts, is bringing a lot of groundwater recharge experimentation, which should slow Tulare Lake’s growth. That, to me, sounds like development.

0.9% drop in the Global Dairy Trade

Global Dairy Trade: Sharing a New Dairy Price Quote from Fonterra:

AMF index down 4.5%, average price US$4,600/MT
Butter index up 2.2%, average price US$5,068/MT
Ched index down 3.4%, average price US$4,407/MT
SMP index down 1.6%, average price US$2,766/MT
WMP index up 0.3%, average price US$3,244/MT

Ashley Hagenow Crowned 76th Alice In Dairyland

The Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection announced Ashley Hagenow from Poynette as the newest Alice in Dairyland Saturday. She is the first Columbia County Alice in Dairyland since the role began in 1948. The Alice in Dairyland position serves as a full-time communications role for DATCP, focusing on agriculture in Wisconsin.

“To serve in the role of Alice in Dairyland is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, as the official ambassador of Wisconsin’s abundant and diverse agriculture industry,” said Hagenow. “I have always loved connecting with others about agriculture, and Alice has the ability to connect with a wide variety of consumers to share more about this dynamic industry and the hardworking individuals who make it possible.”

Hagenow is set to start in July when the current Alice in Dairyland, Taylor Schaefer, steps down. She graduates this month from the University of Minnesota with a bachelor’s in agricultural communication and marketing. During college, Hagenow was involved in Agriculture Future of America, the National Agri-Marketing Association, the Gopher Dairy Club, and the University of Minnesota dairy challenge and dairy judging teams, and she was a state officer while active in Wisconsin FFA.

The other finalists for Alice in Dairyland were Shannon Lamb, Lydia Luebke, Jacquelyn Rosenbush, Charitee Seebecker and Jodie Weyland.

Select Sires welcomes Eryn Oldham to the communications department

Eryn Oldham joined Select Sires’ communications department following her graduation from The Ohio State University in early May. With a bachelor’s degree in agricultural communications and a minor in agricultural production, Oldham brings a wealth of digital media experience to Select Sires.


“Eryn’s energy, industry knowledge and dynamic skillset will complement our creative team of communications specialists,” said Leslie Maurice, director of communications, Select Sires Inc. “We look forward to collaborating with Eryn and incorporating her ideas and media strategies to better connect with our farmer-owners and deliver the genetic and reproductive resources that they find most valuable.”


Oldham currently resides in Columbus, Ohio and was active in 4-H and FFA programs throughout her youth. As an undergraduate student, she leveraged communications internships with Willoughby Livestock and Farm Science Review. These internships were heavily focused on video production and digital content creation. In addition to her videography experience, Oldham has completed editorial work and most recently served as the assistant editor for the AgriNaturalist student-run magazine. Oldham has acquired and developed valuable communications skills from her experiences that provide her with a solid foundation to create promotional and educational content for the Select Sires federation and the cooperative’s farmer-owners.


Based in Plain City, Ohio, Select Sires Inc., is the largest global A.I. cooperative and is comprised of six farmer-owned and -controlled local organizations in the United States. As the industry leader, it provides highly fertile semen, as well as excellence in service and programs to supply dairy and beef producers with the world’s best genetics.

Lactanet Canada Leadership Positions Announced

Commemorating its fourth year as a partnership of the Canadian Dairy Network, CanWest DHI, and Valacta, Lactanet Canada would like to announce the reappointment of Barbara Paquet as Chair, and the appointment of Korb Whale to Vice-Chair of Lactanet’s Board of Directors.

Barbara Paquet, her husband Sylvio Rodrigue, and their son Anthony live in Saint-Côme-Linière, a small town in the Beauce region of Québec and are the proud owners of Ferme Roquet where they milk 75 purebred Holsteins in a free-stall barn with two milking robots. “As a Lactanet director, it is our goal to represent the best interest of all dairy farmers in Canada,” states Barbara Paquet. “As our industry evolves, we are grateful to have such wisdom, dedication and fortitude around the board table for a sustainable future.”

Korb Whale and his wife Kelly live near Alma, Ontario where they are the seventh generation to operate Clovermead Farms milking 160 cows in a rotary parlour and operate a biodigester. They recently acquired Mapleton Organic Dairy where they milk 50 cows in a robot barn, in conjunction with on-farm processing and an outlet store. According to Korb, “The world is changing quickly, and consumer expectations are evolving just as fast. At Lactanet, that means we need to anticipate what is coming, predict trends and changes, and be ready for them. We need to be creative and proactive for dairy producers and feed Canadians with delicious natural products – it‘s an exciting challenge!” Korb also represents Lactanet on the board for Dairy Farmers of Canada.

As Lactanet continues to service Canadian dairy farmers and accelerate its commitment to the prosperity of farming life and the dairy industry, the Lactanet board is fundamental in its ability to champion solutions for a sustainable future.

About Lactanet Canada

Lactanet is the leading dairy herd improvement organization responsible for milk recording, genetic evaluations, herd management software, knowledge transfer, and dairy cattle traceability. As a farmer-run organization serving all Canadian dairy producers, Lactanet provides the dairy industry with products and services to help manage their dairy operation for maximum efficiency and profitability.

CentralStar and Zoetis partner to provide genomic testing

CentralStar Cooperative recently partnered with Zoetis to bring dairy producers more convenient access to CLARIFIDE®, CLARIFIDE® Plus, and Herdity™ genomic testing.

“Partnering with Zoetis to help facilitate easier implementation of genomic testing aligns with CentralStar’s current offerings and mission of “enhancing producer profitability through integrated services,” said Phillip Dieter, chief executive officer, CentralStar Cooperative. “While this area of partnership is new for us, the CentralStar and Zoetis team members have been working collaboratively on dairies for years.”

Through this partnership, dairy producers in Michigan, Indiana, and Wisconsin can now work directly with their local CentralStar team to initiate a genomic-testing plan for their herd. A powerful tool to accurately identify the genetic merit of each animal in the herd, genomic-testing data pinpoints the best animals in the herd to use for developing the next generation, helping producers improve production, profitability, and sustainability.

“CentralStar consultants already provide guidance for genetic selection and inventory management on a vast number of dairies,” said Cole Mark, director of profit strategies at CentralStar. “Now we can facilitate making genomic testing more convenient for the dairy, while providing our team more reliable tools to further accelerate the farm’s genetic progress.”

At the onset, genomic testing finds misidentification of animals, which leads to identifying the animals that are truly genetically superior for given traits. “Even with the best record keeping, identification errors occur,” said Mark. “On average, Zoetis has reported animal misidentification occurs approximately 18 percent of the time.”

For use on purebred Holstein and Jersey cattle, CLARIFIDE® Plus includes parentage verification and reliable predictions from the Council for Dairy Cattle Breeding (CDCB) of all 50+ CDCB traits, including identifying animals with greater disease resistance through the proprietary Zoetis Wellness and Fertility traits. The CLARIFIDE® genomic test delivers parentage and reliable predictions from CDCB of genetic merit in Holsteins, Jerseys, Brown Swiss, Guernseys, and crossbreeds of these makeups. HERDITY™, an internal Zoetis evaluation, is designed for Holstein and Jersey crossbred animals, providing genomic sire and dam discovery, as well as production, fertility, longevity, and calf and cow wellness traits.

CentralStar’s goal of enhancing producer profitability through integrated services is fulfilled by incorporating an array of products and services critical to dairy-and-beef-farm prosperity. CentralStar’s product and service offerings include Accelerated Genetics, GenerVations and Select Sires genetics; extensive artificial-insemination (A.I.) technician service; genetic, reproduction, and dairy-records consultation; DHI services; diagnostic testing; herd-management products; research and development; and more. CentralStar’s administration and warehouse facilities are located in Lansing, Mich., and Waupun, Wis., with laboratories in Grand Ledge, Mich., and Kaukauna, Wis. The cooperative serves dairy and beef producers throughout Wisconsin, Michigan, and Indiana, with additional DHI territory in various surrounding states. For more information, visit CentralStar Cooperative Inc. at

Dairy Defined Podcast: California Flood Woes Far from Ebbing

A record snowpack that’s far from fully melted, combined with last winter’s record rains, may mean it will be some time before Cory Vanderham, owner of Vanderham West Dairy in Corcoran, CA, will get his 4,500 cows all back to his farm.

In the meantime, he’s relying on leases in other locations, help from friends, and faith, to get through an ongoing disruption to the dairy industry in the nation’s top milk-producing state that creates new challenges every day. 

“You don’t realize how strong this community is and how strong ag is until things get wild like this,” said Vanderham, a member of NMPF’s Board of Directors and the California Dairies Inc. cooperative, said in a Dairy Defined podcast released today. “And when it got wild, everybody showed up to help.”

Vanderham also discusses his on-the-ground observations on what kind of policy changes and investments at all levels of government could improve the state’s water management and infrastructure as farmers look toward a more resilient future in the face of weather extremes. The full podcast is here. You can also find the podcast on Apple Podcasts, Spotify and Google Podcasts. Broadcast outlets may use the MP3 file below. Please attribute information to NMPF.

Jetstream Genetics Establishes Jetstream UK

Jetstream Genetics Inc. are pleased to announce that Jetstream UK will become the exclusive distributor for Jetstream Genetics in the UK.

The Jetstream portfolio offers breeders a wide array of products, from breed leading genomic sires backed by great cow families to some of the world’s highest type sires. Jetstream is also the home of some of the world’s best daughter Proven Sires and red genetics.

Jetstream UK Sales Manager Mr Alan Timbrell said, “I am excited to be bringing Jetstream’s portfolio of World Class domestic & international products to the UK market. I believe the Jetstream product aligns itself well to the UK market and gives me a great opportunity to create genetic improvement for Jetstream UK clients”.

“The goal of Jetstream Genetics is to move genetics forward and positioning ourselves in the UK market as Jetstream UK gives us the opportunity to prepare for the future of the dairy industry while providing the best genetics and services possible to our clients” says Roger Turner, Global Sales and Genetic Manager for Jetstream Genetics.

Jetstream is part of the URUS family of companies, one of the largest and leading source of high quality genetics globally. This change will be effective from the 15th May, 2023.

For any further questions please contact either Alan Timbrell or Roger Turner on the contact numbers below.

Alan Timbrell
Sales Manager
Jetstream UK
+44 (0) 7889 044070

Roger Turner
Global Sales & Genetic Manager
Jetstream Genetics Inc.
+011 1 608 770 0012

The impact of confinement period on milk production

In a recent study, Texas A&M University researchers discovered that keeping cows in self-locking head stanchions for lengthy periods of time had a negative impact on dairy cow performance.

Lock-up time is the length of time an animal spends restricted or locked into a head stanchion every day, which is often seen at dairy farm feed bunks. Dairy cattle are confined on a regular basis for pregnancy testing, artificial insemination, veterinarian treatments and inspections, immunisations, heat detection, and feeding.

However, it has been shown that using a head lock as a technique of restraint may have a detrimental influence on an individual animal’s well-being and productive performance within a herd, particularly if the device is used outside of the typical management routine.

According to studies, when this management practise is not followed correctly and cows are confined for lengthy periods of time (>4 hours daily), the animals suffer varied degrees of stress, which might jeopardise their productivity, health, and wellbeing.

Researchers investigated the effects of prolonged or extended lock-up period in dairy cattle in this study.

Milk production effects

Reduced milk output in cows is typical when lock-up period surpasses 4 hours, according to data from several research. Scientists from the University of Cambridge discovered that when cows are denied of eating and laying for more than 4 hours during hoof clipping, milk output is lowered by 2 litres per day for 3 days.

Stress is linked to longer durations of lock-up time. According to research, stress alters mammary homeostasis in dairy cows. It has been proposed that the stress caused by a longer lock-up period may result in suboptimal performance of alveoli in the mammary gland, resulting in reduced milk supply, increased mastitis incidence, and worse milk quality.

A comparable investigation on the effects of lying or standing on mammary blood flow in dairy cows found that lying time resulted in 24% greater blood flow to the mammary glands owing to cardiovascular homoeostasis caused by gravity. As a result, decreased lying time as a result of increased lock-up time may be another cause for the reduction in daily milk output in dairy cattle.

Cow protection

Recent research has linked headlock restraint for more than 4 hours per day to increased aggressiveness in dairy calves. This violent activity was discovered to be the result of dissatisfaction or discomfort experienced throughout the constraint phase. Aggressive conduct in dairy cows has been linked to worse reproductive performance, including decreased conception rates for heifers at first service, according to a recent research.

When compared to cows in an extended lock-up period, normal herd management increased the amount of time cows spent reclining, self-grooming, ruminating, and feeding. The changed time budget management as a result of increased lock-up time (>4h) has an impact on total daily cow behaviour. In another research, the authors discovered that cows that were denied laying for 2 hours lost their feeding time for the following 24 hours, and cows who were denied lying for 4 hours required 41 hours to regain their feeding time.

ALSO READ: Dairy feed: cost, climate, and local sourcing
The Netherlands is a European pioneer in using local vegetables and food sector byproducts into dairy cow diets. Every month, the local dairy sector makes greater success in this area, and other nations such as Germany are keeping a careful eye on it. Continue reading…
Lameness and heat exhaustion

Lameness is a serious problem on dairy farms all around the globe, and studies suggest that longer lockup durations may increase the problem. Although studies examining the direct relationship between lock-up hours and lameness are lacking, some study work implies the possibility of the impact.

Researchers discovered that cows exposed to tight feed alleys and limited lunge space, resulting in more cow standing, were more prone to lameness in their study published in the Journal of Dairy Science. According to another research, prolonged lock-up time adds to departures from the typical daily time budget, demonstrating variability in lying time and lying bouts that predispose cows to lameness. However, experts recommend that the possible direct relationship between increased lock-up time and lameness be investigated further.

Furthermore, studies found that extended lock-up time (>4h) was more detrimental in hotter temperatures than in mild temperatures due to the additive effect of restraint stress and heat stress, implying that it is more critical to minimise lock-up time in extreme heat environments to reduce the detrimental effects of these stressors.

Cow in transition

During the changeover phase, the cows need extra lock-up time. Cows change their behaviour during the transition period, which is defined as the three weeks before and three weeks after calving. The transition phase is a key stage in the life of a dairy cow because of the animal’s vulnerability to illness and the nutritional, physiological, and social changes that occur around the time of calving.

However, due of the need to carefully watch the animal for post-calving examinations and treatment of health concerns, dairy cows in the transition phase are more prone to extended headlock periods. As a result, transition cow stressors should be reduced, and lock-up management procedures should be constantly monitored for the effects on the transition cow’s time budget and cow comfort.

What is the ideal timing for head lock-up?

The head lock-up time studies fall short of identifying the required period without causing health and productivity issues. Several studies have shown that keeping cows in self-locking head stanchions for a lengthy amount of time (>4 hours per day) may have a negative impact on dairy cow performance. The emphasis should be on properly managing the farm by limiting restraint time to less than 4 hours per day and avoiding the use of headlocks during the late morning and afternoon hours of the warmer months.

Mitch Theurer and Mike Brad, dairy consultants affiliated with the Standard Nutrition Company, recommended the following lock-up periods in their research concentrating on issues that restrict cows’ time budget:

Lock-up periods should be kept to a maximum of two hours.
Schedule lockup periods to correspond with feedings and urge cows to the bunk, rather than setting the locks 3 hours before the event.
During lock-up, always have enough of fresh feed on hand.
Researchers proposed future study effort to focus on the impact of varied lock-up periods on the health and productivity of dairy cows in order to better appropriate lock-up time.

Examining the Milk Cow Numbers in the EU

German and French dairy cows account for more than one-third of all dairy cows in the European Union. According to EuroStat estimates, they had more than 7 million cows between them in 2022, out of a total of 20.1 million.

Germany had the highest dairy cow population in the EU, with 3.8 million cows, accounting for 17% of the overall EU dairy population (excluding the UK). France had 3.2 million animals, while Poland had the third-largest national herd, with little more than 2 million.

In 2022, the majority of EU nations had an annual fall in cow numbers, with France seeing the greatest loss, with 91,720 (2.7%) fewer animals than the previous year.

Austria, which saw the most growth inside the EU last year, defied the trend. The population reached 551,000 people, an increase of 24,090 (4.6%) from 2021.

Malta, on the other hand, remained the EU’s lowest milk-producing country, with just 6,120 documented in 2022.

According to Defra estimates, the UK, which had the third-largest herd in the EU before Brexit, had 2.65 million head, a 1,000-head decrease. The milking herd totaled 1.86 million head in December, a small rise over the same time in 2021.

This year, cow numbers are anticipated to plummet much lower. The European Commission anticipated a 0.2% reduction in milk output for 2023 in its short-term dairy outlook. Due to a shrinking dairy herd and a predicted 1% rise in slaughtering, there will be less milk available in 203.

According to Tom Price, an expert at the UK’s Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, the second half of the year might see significant declines in output owing to falling milk prices. This might be countered by increased harvests if the hot and dry weather of last summer does not reoccur.

USDA forecasts milk price decreases until 2024.

The USDA predicts lower milk output this year and increased production in 2024. The organisation predicts that cow stocks will be higher this year, with slower milk per cow growth, than dairy cows will enjoy output increase and an extra milking day in 2024.

Because of robust demand, the USDA upped its projection for 2023 butter and nonfat dry milk prices in its May supply and demand report, while lowering its forecast for cheese and whey prices. The USDA predicts a decrease in Class III prices and a rise in Class IV prices.

The agency forecasts Class III prices to fall due to lower whey costs next year, and Class IV prices to fall due to reduced butter and nonfat dry milk prices.

The prediction for total milk prices in 2023 has dropped 15 cents to $20.50 per hundredweight. The USDA projection for next year is $19.90.

After 33 years, an Oregon dairy is closing its doors.

Rickreall Dairy, a community cornerstone and historic Highway 22 landmark, has taken the sad choice to shut its doors after 33 years of doing business in Polk County.

“We have been blessed by an incredible community,” said Louie Kazemier, the owner. “Without the support of our neighbours and friends, this day would have come a long time ago.”

According to Kazemier, the dairy is shutting for a variety of reasons.

“Most people will say it’s because none of my kids wanted to continue the business,” he said, noting that dairy farming is normally a family endeavour with a succession mechanism in place to ensure the industry’s continued existence for decades. “But, the truth is, they would have wanted to take it over if the industry wasn’t so volatile.”

For decades, the dairy business has faced challenges such as low milk prices, high feed costs, and increased government regulation.

“It just keeps getting worse and worse,” Kazemier added. “I wouldn’t put my children through the stress of the industry today.” And even if you do everything correctly and make sound business judgements, you still have little influence over your milk pricing.”

Sally Davies, a long-time Dallas resident, had the chance to experience Rickreall Dairy up close and personal as their office manager for many years.

“Louie treated his employees as if they were family.” He handled the cows as though they were family pets. He was always searching for ways to better the dairy and the community in which he lived, according to her. “I’m sorry to see the dairy close, but I wish them all the best in their future endeavours.”

Gus Wybenga, Kazemier’s father-in-law, bought a small dairy farm near Rickreall in 1989 and relocated his cows from Chino, California. Kazemier worked as the dairy manager for his father-in-law until becoming a partner in 2011.

“At the time, Oregon was ideal for dairy farming,” noted Kazemier. “The cows love the mild weather, and we could grow and harvest a good portion of our own feed right on our own property.”

Rickreall Dairy normally looks after 3,500 cows at any one time. As a traditional farm, they may keep their livestock in barns all year.

“It was a successful model for us.” “Because of the amount of rain we get, we could harvest grass and maize silage on land that wasn’t suitable for grazing and feed it to our cows all year,” Kazemier said.

Kazemier faced issues that other dairy farmers did not face because of his location so near to Salem and along a major highway.

“You could usually smell us before you could see us,” he jokingly said.

Most dairy farms have a “closed loop” mindset, which means that nothing goes to waste. They collect all of the dung on their farms and use it to organically fertilise the fields that create the grass that the cows consume, and then the cycle begins again. However, collecting manure and storing it until the summer months is a stinky business, and Rickreall Dairy’s manure storage hole, known as a lagoon, is situated just off Highway 22.

“We should have probably found a better location for the lagoon,” Kazemier said. “But that’s where our CAFO (Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation) inspector told us to put it.”

To guarantee that animal excrement does not harm ground and surface water, the state imposed a programme for all livestock owners. The lagoon was constructed to rigorous standards to guarantee it would not leak or overflow, and moving it would be prohibitively costly. It immediately became a beacon for commuters and visitors to and from the seaside.

“Every day, thousands of people drive through the middle of our property.” “I quickly realised that the lagoon, and really just the smell, was giving a negative impression of our dairy,” Kazemier said. “People on the highway were only seeing a 20-second snapshot of what we did on the farm, and without an explanation, it doesn’t look good.”

When Kazemier began getting phone calls from customers stating that they would no longer buy dairy products due to the lagoon, he decided to begin conducting dairy farm tours.

“Most of the time, they just needed to see that we were caring for our animals and that we had a better understanding of dairy farming before they changed their minds,” he said, adding that conducting dairy tours was rare, and even the dairy community felt it was a horrible idea. “There were some liability hoops to jump through, but overall, it was a win for us, and it even helped the industry as a whole.”

Rickreall Dairy had almost 2,000 visitors each spring at its heyday.

“Kids these days are often generations removed from the farm, but there are literally thousands of students who know more about agriculture and where their food comes from thanks to the great tours offered for many years at Rickreall Dairy,” Josh Thomas, former Senior Director of Communications for the Oregon Dairy and Nutrition Council, said. “Aside from the national awards they received for sustainability and community involvement, there were many more meaningful contributions that flew under the radar – and they never sought recognition.”

Kazemier’s participation in community activities and tours continues for nearly 30 years.

“There were still some who didn’t like the dairy and its location, but it was amazing to see our community come up and support us when the critics came out… We’re still blamed for every foul odour within a 20-mile radius, and they can’t all be our fault!” Kazemier cracked a joke. However, most people now consider the dairy to be a part of the community. “There aren’t many places in Dallas where I don’t hear something about the dairy, and it’s usually positive.”

So, what is the future of Rickreall Dairy?

“It won’t be a dairy anymore,” Kazemier said, adding that the property would be leased to local farmers and that the lagoon water will continue to be used as fertiliser for a while.

“We will empty the lagoon slowly, so people will still want to close their car vents when they drive by for the next few months,” Kazemier said. “However, once the lagoon is empty, it will be interesting to see who people blame for the foul odours.”

What will be their next adventure?

“We will still be involved in the community with our children and grandchildren,” Kazemier, who serves on many boards for charity and farming, added. “We will continue to encourage people to consume three servings of dairy per day.”

Stacy Foster is Louie and Lori Kazemier’s eldest daughter. For almost a decade, she managed a dairy tour company at Rickreall Dairy, worked in communications for the Oregon Dairy and Nutrition Council until 2022, and is currently the Executive Director of Camp Attitude, a camp for children with disabilities.After 33 years, an Oregon dairy is calling it quits.

Average farm milk production grows despite continued loss of dairy farms in Great Britain

In our most recent survey of major milk buyers, it is estimated that there were 7,500 dairy producers in GB as of April this year. Compared to the April 2022 survey, this represents a reduction of 380 dairy producers (-4.8%), and a fall of 350 (-4.5%) versus our last survey in October 2022.

Compared to previous years, more producers have left the industry. Despite the fact that the latest Agricultural Price Index indicates input cost inflation has eased, input costs remain historically high. In combination with falling milk prices, this has squeezed profit margins for many dairy farmers. The current high level of cull cow prices, as well as ongoing uncertainties about changes to agricultural subsidy schemes has led to some producers changing their future direction.

Despite the number of producers dropping over the last 12 months, good weather conditions last Autumn and the vestiges of higher prices at the end of last year, has meant that average milk production by farm remained high over the autumn and winter months. Milk volumes per farm remain high with the latest figures suggesting that the average GB dairy farm produces 4,500 litres per day, equating to 1.65mn litres per year.

Graph showing the change in GB producer numbers and volume per farm over time

Historic data can be found on our producer numbers page.

Why do we carry out the survey?

Getting a true picture of the number of dairy producers in the country is often difficult due to the different reporting methods used.

  • The Food Standards Agency (FSA) can be used to track producer numbers across England and Wales, based on the number of farmers registered to produce milk. However, deregistering is voluntary, and therefore unlikely to be top of the “to do” list for a farmer leaving the industry. The FSA will often only capture this cessation when a regular check is carried out. These checks occur on a 10-year basis (for those registered with Red Tractor) or a 2-year basis otherwise. This means FSA numbers will often over-state the number of dairy farmers in the country.
  • Defra carry out a survey on the number of dairy holdings across the UK, which returns a figure considerably higher than our estimate. This is because it includes all farms with a dairy cow over 2 years old with offspring. Around a third of those holdings had fewer than 10 cows, meaning they are unlikely to be commercial dairy farms, and would be excluded from our estimate.


AHDB’s estimate represents the number of producers actively contributing to GB milk production. It is based on the number of active producers and temporary inactive producers from the milk buyers that contribute to the Daily Milk Deliveries survey. This covers approximately 83% of volumes in GB, and so the estimate has been adjusted accordingly.

Where do cloned cows stand in the dairy industry?

Several nations’ scientists have made progress in developing cattle cloning technology in the last year. The first cloned cows are now producing milk, which is still being trialled and tested. However, the near future of these technologies is uncertain, since the public’s willingness to consume milk from cloned cows is in doubt.

Early in February 2023, Chinese official media stated that a group of Chinese scientists had successfully cloned three super-cows capable of producing an astounding quantity of milk. The three calves born in the Ningxia area in December and January are exact replicas of extremely prolific Holstein Friesian cows capable of producing 18 tonnes of milk each year, or 100 tonnes of milk during their lifespan.
China has cloned cows.

According to Jin Yaping, one of the key experts, the creation of the super-cows was a breakthrough that allowed China to keep the greatest cows in an economically possible method. He also expressed optimism that cloning technology would assist China in reducing its reliance on foreign breeds.

If cloning technology spreads in China, it will significantly alter the breeding section of the global dairy business. Currently, China imports around 70% of breeding cattle, with a significant portion coming from the EU.

According to Chinese experts, just 5 cows in 10,000 can produce 100 tonnes of milk throughout their lifetime. Highly prolific cows are often recognised towards the end of their lives when standard reproduction procedures are no longer viable.

China wants to generate 1,000 highly prolific clones over the next 2-3 years, which, according to Yaping, will serve as the backbone of a revitalised Chinese dairy sector.
Genetically engineered organisms

China is not the only market where cloning technologies hold great promise. Russia’s first cloned cow gave birth to a healthy calf towards the end of 2022. While Chinese scientists are solely cloning high-productive animals, Russian scientists have begun cloning animals with conventional cow genes tweaked to improve specific features.

Cloning a cow is effectively a trial run for making a gene-edited animal, according to Petr Sergiev, one of the study’s authors, since scientists need to ensure that all of their techniques are in order before implanting the modified embryos. The researchers had previously utilised CRISPR/Cas technology to knock out PAEP and LOC100848610, two genes in the bovine genome that represent beta-lactoglobulin, and generate a line of genetically modified embryonic fibroblasts.

The goal was to produce milk hypoallergenic, but this method may provide much more. The scientists said that gene editing technique might have a wide range of applications, such as increasing yields or making animals more susceptible to heat stress. It is also critical to ensure that the cow can produce healthy progeny. The gene-editing technologies provide dairy producers with practically limitless alternatives for what and how they produce.

“I believe that this work will lay the methodological groundwork for gene editing cattle in Russia, leading to more complex challenges.” For example, we may induce cows to create proteins that they would not ordinarily produce for biotechnological objectives,” he concludes.

Cloned cows, like those used in China, might be useful to the Russian dairy sector, which is looking to reduce its reliance on imports from Western nations as sanctions threaten to disrupt supply.
The Frankenfood Myth

However, there are serious concerns that milk from cloned cows will be available on grocery store shelves in the near future.

“Consumer fears about genetic engineering have been stoked,” said Dr. Bjoern Boergermann, executive director of the German Dairy Industry Association.

European consumers have been hesitant to adopt genetically modified creatures in recent years. The German food retail industry advocated the designation Ohne Gentechnik, or GMO-free, in 2015/2016. Dairies have met the retailer’s demand, and now, over 70% of milk in Germany is produced in this manner.

“The VLOG association establishes the standard and certifies the businesses.” It states that GMO-free is critical for consumers. “These statements are always found in varying forms in consumer surveys, depending on who is asking and how,” Dr. Boergermann stated, emphasising that this is mostly concerning GMO feed.

It is difficult to anticipate how broadly cloning technology would be approved in Russia and China. Several public opinion surveys in Russia demonstrate that 66% of consumers feel GMOs are harmful to their health.

The Chinese government does not believe that people will trust genetically engineered crops. The government initiated a media effort in 2014 to improve public opinion of GMOs, but it had little to no impact. According to a recent study, 46.7% of respondents were opposed to GMOs, with 14% claiming it was a sort of bioterrorism directed towards China.

The European Commission is likely to rule in 2023 on whether items derived from CRISPR/Cas should be subject to GMO laws. So far, this has mostly concerned grain, but given recent advances in cloning farmed animals, the decision might have significant implications for the cattle sector as well. Even if politicians agree, it remains to be seen if public opinion would welcome gene-editing technology.

“In the recent past, NGOs have played out the CRISPR/Cas problem extensively in public. This will happen again when the EU nears a conclusion,” Boergermann said.

Construction of the biggest research dairy in the country has begun at U of I.

Excavation teams have begun preparing the ground for the University of Idaho-led Idaho Centre for Agriculture, Food, and the Environment (Idaho CAFE), which will contain the nation’s biggest research dairy.

On May 4, earthmoving started. Construction workers will begin pouring cement for the milking parlour once the location has been prepped. The first cows are expected to arrive at Idaho CAFE by the end of 2024, with milking beginning in early 2025.

The University of Idaho and its partners had wanted to begin construction last summer, but have enjoyed the benefits of their decision to postpone erecting Idaho CAFE, giving time for expensive construction prices to reduce. The cost of constructing the project’s first phase, which will comprise a 2,000-cow dairy next to a 640-acre research farm, fell by almost $4 million during the gap after the project’s ceremonial groundbreaking on June 30, 2022.

“The outlook is very bright,” Mark McGuire, director of the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station, said. “The lower bids indicate that we have enough funds to complete this project.”

McAlvain Construction of Boise proposed delaying the start of construction and rebidding the subcontracts throughout the winter, betting that labour and material prices would fall and a more competitive field of bidders would emerge. The tactic paid well, since bids from subcontractors for a larger scope of work recently came in much lower than last summer’s figures.

Last summer, fuel costs were high, and excavating firms were busy. For the excavating task, U of I got a single offer. In contrast, many excavating firms competed for the most recent offer. Supply chain limitations have been loosened, resulting in more economical materials like concrete.

“This has been such a long time coming, and the excitement last year at the groundbreaking was just overwhelming with how many people showed up,” said Tammie Newman, McAlvain’s director of pre-construction. “It was probably the most well-attended groundbreaking I’d ever attended.” The dream is become a reality. I was overjoyed when they emailed me a photo of all of the equipment on site, ready to start moving soil.”

The milk barn should be built swiftly, but putting cutting-edge technology in the milking parlour will take longer.

The design for the project’s second phase should be finished this summer, with the bidding procedure taking place from September to November. on phase two, there will be waste treatment facilities and lagoons, a maternity barn, a feed area, an office building and buildings to give shade and wind protection for cows on a dry lot with many research pens.

The better fiscal picture also allows for the completion of a third phase — a cross-ventilated barn capable of hosting 800 to 1,200 cows. The barn would improve cow comfort and be valuable in research comparing the productivity and environmental consequences of barn vs dry-lot agriculture. Work on the barn would most likely begin in 2025, with the dairy progressively increasing its occupancy during the first several years.

Beyond the improving building cost prognosis, Idaho CAFE has lately gained traction. The budget that was just enacted by Idaho’s House and Senate includes cash for the facility to recruit a ruminant nutritionist, a fodder expert, and an air-quality engineer.

Since the beginning of 2023, Cargill and Burley-based Redox Bio-Nutrients have each announced $500,000 commitments to CAFE, bringing the total industry contributions to the project to over $9 million.

The Idaho Board of property Commissioners allocated $23.25 million from the sale of University of Idaho College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS) endowment property in Caldwell that was no longer utilised for experimental farming to fund Idaho CAFE in September 2022. In 2018, the state legislature granted $10 million for the project.

The Idaho Dairymen’s Association also provided $2 million to the acquisition of lands near Rupert for the plant.

“Without the support, first and foremost, of the Idaho Dairymen’s Association, we wouldn’t have been able to purchase that site, and now, with all of these other allied industry partners coming on board, we will be able to build a facility that will meet the needs of the dairy industry and serve the citizens of Idaho,” McGuire said.

CAFE research will aid in the development of solutions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from animals, living areas, waste systems, and in-field applications, therefore furthering the dairy industry’s countrywide net zero effort. The plant will also look for markets for dairy waste, which might be converted into useful byproducts like bioplastics and transportable fertilisers.

The facility will be built with adaptability in mind. As the project wins further money, more choices for adding other components and addressing a broader range of scientific and research problems will become available.

“The manure handling system is designed to be flexible so that we can add new components and test them as new technology emerges,” McGuire said. “A methane digestor can also be installed.” If it works, we may leave it running, or we can disconnect it and replace it with something else.”

Over $13 million in grant activity has already been produced for the initiative, which supports the work of more than 30 graduate students and additional undergraduates engaged as research assistants.

Bull attacks fifth-generation dairy farmer.

A North Carolina dairy farmer is in the hospital recuperating after being assaulted by a bull in his farm’s field on Sunday.

Randy Lewis is a sixth generation farmer who has spent his whole life working on his family’s farm. According to WXII, Lewis was evacuated to UNC Hospital. Lewis had several injuries, including fractured ribs, lung punctures, and shattered bones in his face, back, and collarbone. He had surgery at the hospital.

Taylor Hayes, COO of Ran-Dew Dairy, said the farm is feeling the effect of Lewis’ absence on a GoFundMe page put up to support Lewis in his rehabilitation.

“We are reeling from the shock and worry for our friend,” Hayes said on Facebook.

According to Hayes, the GoFundMe was put up to pay for Lewis’ medical expenses as well as the additional hired staff the dairy is seeking to help on the farm.

She also expressed her hope that many people would donate to Lewis’ rehabilitation and that people will learn more about the farm and Lewis by seeing a short video about the property’s history.

As of Thursday, approximately $150,000 of the $195,000 target on GoFundMe had been given to aid Lewis and the farm.

According to WXII, more than 200 individuals have volunteered to help out on the farm until Lewis heals.

“Our community is saying in a really generous, open-hearted way that we love Randy,” Hayes said.

New Zealand farmer punished for the deaths of 29 animals

Following prosecution by the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI), Daniel Kilsby-Halliday, 40, was convicted in Levin District Court on five offences under the Animal Welfare Act.

Kilsby-Halliday was also sentenced to pay $7,161.20 in veterinary and related fees by the court.

MPI reacted to an allegation of at least ten dead cattle found in an area of Kilsby-Halliday’s property in August 2021.

An animal welfare inspector discovered 29 dead cattle on the ranch, which a veterinarian said would have perished from malnutrition and illness over the period of three weeks.

Before MPI came to inspect all livestock, the farmer euthanized two more cattle.

Before MPI arrived, 59 additional cattle were transferred to neighbouring paddocks with moderate grass cover. Of them, 27 were deemed to be so thin that immediate treatment was required to improve their health.

According to Grey Harrison, MPI’s national manager of animal welfare and National Animal Identification & Tracing (NAIT) compliance, the cattle would have been in significant suffering due to a lack of food.

“Some were also afflicted by parasites, and some would have died where they collapsed because they were too weak to get up off the ground,” he explains.

“The cattle were about 200 metres from the farmer’s house, and their gradual deterioration should have been detected through regular animal checks.” People in charge of animals are always responsible for their well-being, including giving enough food and prompt veterinary treatment. Mr Kilsby-Halliday fell short of these expectations.”

“Mr Kilsby-Halliday is a seasoned farmer who understood his responsibilities to his animals.” Most farmers do the proper thing for their animals, routinely checking on them and acting if they see changes in their health, but he didn’t. “If we discover evidence of neglect or cruelty, we will investigate and bring the case to court,” Harrison said.

The MPI strongly urges any member of the public who witnesses animal abuse or ill-treatment to report it to the MPI animal welfare complaints hotline at 0800 00 83 33.

Type characteristics, inbreeding, and productivity all have an impact on survival in US Jersey cattle.

Lower replacement costs, greater average milk output, and fewer replacement heifers are all connected with increased lifespan. Because longevity statistics are collected late in life, stayability, defined as the chance of surviving from birth to a specific age, may be used as an alternative metric. The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of various type features, inbreeding, and production level on the stayability of Jersey cows at various ages, as well as to track changes over time. The data set included 460,172 to 204,658 stayability records for survival from birth to 36, 48, 60, 72, or 84 months of age, depending on the duration of the opportunity period. Threshold models were used to analyse the stayability features, which included explanatory factors such as various type attributes, inbreeding coefficient, and within-herd production level. Stayability trait heritability estimates varied from 0.05 (36 mo) to 0.22 (84 mo). As predicted, the likelihood of survival declined with age. Regardless of age or the type attribute tested, highly productive cows were more likely to survive than their poor-producing peers. Our data show that farmers’ selection choices tend to penalise low productivity in the beginning and reward good production later on. Inbreeding reduced the likelihood of survival, particularly when inbreeding coefficients surpassed 10%, and this effect was most obvious at 48 months of age or later. Some personality features, such as size and foot angle, have minimal influence on survival. Other type attributes, such as strength, dairy shape, rump breadth, and rear legs, had a better likelihood of survival at intermediate scores, while fore udder attachment, rear udder height, udder depth, and final score had a lower probability of survival at higher scores. Finally, our findings show that the chance of survival has reduced over the previous decade, most likely owing to a larger number of available heifers and, as a consequence, increased culling rates.

Longevity in dairy cattle is linked to lower replacement costs and higher average milk output. Farmers cull low-producing cows willingly for economic reasons in order to increase farm profitability. Poor reproduction, injuries, and diseases, on the other hand, might require the forced culling of productive animals, increasing veterinary expenses and decreasing farm profitability. In addition to milk output, linear type features and inbreeding may be linked to culling, either directly or indirectly via connections with disease, injury, or infertility. Stayability may be used as an alternate metric to longevity since it is assessed late in life. Small heritability estimates for STAY36, STAY48, STAY60, STAY72, and STAY84 in our analysis imply that selection for enhanced stayability would result in gradual genetic gains. Kern et al., 2014 discovered similar findings when using a threshold model to assess the lifetime of Holstein cattle. Productive life is used to assess the duration from first calving till culling in the lifetime net merit index (NM$) published by the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding (Cole et al., 2021), and it gets a relative economic focus of approximately 20% in Jersey cattle (VanRaden et al., 2021). As a result, despite the possibility of sluggish genetic improvement owing to low heritability, selection for longevity is critical in US dairy cattle. Furthermore, since it is substantially and favourably connected with survival until later ages, stayability till younger ages may be a suitable selection criteria for longevity.
Through its correlation with the occurrence of certain illnesses and injuries, type features are indirectly associated to lifespan. Poor foot and limb conformation, for example, has been linked to higher lameness genetically (Khansefid et al., 2021). In earlier research, however, the connection between chance of survival and foot angle and rear leg scores in Jersey and Holstein-Friesian cows was minimal (Caraviello et al., 2003; Williams et al., 2022a). Our research discovered a little link between STAY60 and foot angle score, while rear leg score seemed to have greater impacts on survival, with reduced survival at both extremes. Rump angle scores with low or high pins may be connected to calving problems, which might increase the likelihood of culling (Sewalem et al., 2004), and our findings revealed that cows with an intermediate rump angle were more likely to live to 60 months of age. Poor teat placement has been linked to lower machine milking efficiency and a higher incidence of subclinical mastitis (Singh et al., 2017), and our study found that cows with more central teat placement, and thus intermediate scores for front and rear teat placement (side and rear views), had a higher chance of survival. Other udder-related type features, including as udder depth, udder cleft, fore udder attachment, rear udder height, and rear udder breadth, are linked to variances in milk production and injury sensitivity. Among the type characteristics evaluated, Caraviello et al. (2003) found that udder features were the most significant predictors of lifespan in Jersey cattle. Similar to the current research, the authors reported a significant danger of culling for animals with low scores for those features, with declining rewards in survival likelihood as type scores neared their maximum. In earlier investigations with Holstein and Jersey cattle, height was shown to be the least relevant feature in terms of survival (Caraviello et al., 2003; Sewalem et al., 2004). Notably, within-herd ranking for milk production has a considerable effect on culling choices, and its relevance in comparison to type features seems to have risen over time. Cows with high final scores had identical chances of surviving in the past, regardless of milk production level. Cows with poor milk output, although having excellent type ratings, seem to be removed from the herd in recent years.
owing to increased homozygosity, inbreeding depression has significant direct consequences on performance, which may lead to greater culling owing to poor production, longer calving intervals, lower conception rates, and higher somatic cell scores (Doekes et al., 2019). Caraviello et al., 2003 found that animals with inbreeding coefficients more than 7% had a higher risk of culling, and they found a roughly linear association between risk of culling and inbreeding coefficients. According to Sewalem et al. (2006), Jersey cows with inbreeding coefficients more than 12.5 were around 30% more likely to be culled than their less-inbred peers. Furthermore, the impact of inbreeding on survival may rise throughout parities; for example, du Toit et al., 2012 found a greater correlation between inbreeding and survival in second-lactation Jersey cattle in South Africa than in their first-parity counterparts.
Because mature cows who are highly productive and need minimal veterinary treatments are extremely lucrative, genetic increase of lifespan may have a large economic effect on dairy herds (Garca-Ruiz et al., 2016; Dallago et al., 2021). Furthermore, most cows do not recoup their raising expenses until the second lactation (Boulton et al., 2017), and early culling of cows results in economic losses for the farmer. Longevity increases may also have an impact on environmental sustainability and animal welfare. Increased annual herd replacement rates, for example, can contribute to higher greenhouse gas emissions at the farm level (Wall et al., 2012; Grandl et al., 2019), and higher involuntary culling rates in young animals can indicate poor welfare, which can influence consumers’ perceptions of and demand for dairy products. Furthermore, excess heifers that are not required as herd replacements may be sold to generate extra farm revenue (Dallago et al., 2021). Finally, by combining the use of sexed semen on young cows and heifers with the use of beef semen on older cows, farmers can profit from high milk production from mature cows without jeopardising genetic progress, allowing mature cows that are healthy and reproductively sound to remain in the herd for one or two additional lactations.
Management practises, infrastructure, herd size, economic demands, and other variables have all lowered the likelihood of cow survival in commercial dairy herds. For example, with the introduction of sexed sperm, a greater number of heifers are now accessible as herd replacements. Furthermore, producers may be driven to raise culling rates if facilities or available area restrict herd size (de Vries, 2020). Furthermore, genomic selection has accelerated genetic development and produced replacement heifers with increased milk production capacity (Meuwissen et al., 2001; Williams et al., 2022b). Despite genetic advances in productive life and other fitness qualities, these and other variables have resulted in a lower chance of surviving to old ages in Jerseys and other breeds. This apparent paradox results from ongoing changes in the balance of voluntary (economic) and involuntary (forced) culling, and breed improvement programmes should aim to improve animals’ genetic proclivity to remain healthy, fertile, and productive as long as they can make greater economic contributions to the herd than their potential replacements.

Source: Journal of Dairy Science

Women from the United Kingdom are in court for the Animal Rebellion dairy protest

Gabriella Ditton, 29, and Gemma Barnes, 33, were among nine persons summoned to Wycombe Magistrates Court on May 9 for their involvement in a demonstration at the Arla Foods dairy in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire.

On September 4, last year, groups of Animal Rebellion activists with banners calling for a “plant-based food system” halted and climbed aboard business trucks outside the facility.

According to Thames Valley Police, 23 persons were arrested.

Both Ditton of Silver Road and Barnes of Old Library Mews are accused of hindering or disturbing legal conduct.

The demonstration was part of a series of demonstrations outside four food manufacturing plants, including another Arla facility in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, and Muller operations in Droitwich and Bridgwater.

Animal Rebellion, which accused the corporations of failing to address the “climate crisis,” said at the time that its activists had also deflated truck tyres, filled pipelines with expanding foam, climbed milk silos, and infiltrated the sites’ loading bays.

The implications of precision livestock farming on sustainable dairy

Precision animal husbandry, according to researchers, produced more sustainability on various dairy farms than conventional practises.

Precision livestock farming approaches involve installing sensors and instruments on livestock farms and/or animals to monitor them and assist farmers in making decisions. Precision livestock husbandry recognises warning signs and increases cattle efficiency.

This monitoring has a direct impact on animal welfare, health, and production, as well as on farmer lifestyle (fewer hours worked), knowledge, and traceability of livestock products. Instead, the indirect implications include a reduced carbon footprint and enhanced social-economic indices of cattle products.

Researchers from the University of Milan in Italy investigated the development of a dairy farming indicator that takes into consideration the indirect repercussions.

Dairy farmers’ sustainability cornerstones

The indicator was created by merging the three sustainability pillars (with particular criteria): environmental (carbon footprint), social (animal welfare freedoms and antibiotic usage), and economic (cost of technology and labour utilisation).

It was then tested on three dairy farms in Italy, where a baseline conventional scenario (BS) was contrasted to an alternative scenario (AS) that used precision animal farming methods and better management solutions.

The first farm investigated heat stress, while the other two focused on the identification of oestrus occurrences and the impact of unrestricted access to pasture.

The findings showed that the carbon footprint in all AS decreased by 6% to 9%, and the socioeconomic metrics improved animal and worker welfare, with slight variances according to the investigated approach.

Investing in precision livestock farming methods has a beneficial impact on all or almost all of the sustainability indices, with case-specific considerations. According to the researchers, since the indicator is a user-friendly tool that allows for the testing of many scenarios, stakeholders (policymakers and farmers) might use it to choose the optimal path for investments and incentive programmes.

Maureen DeBruin is retiring from HAUSA

Maureen DeBruin, a long-time Holstein classifier, is retiring from HAUSA. After 38 years of service, HAUSA recognised her on social media as a real pioneer in the dairy sector, having classed over 1.1 million cows and being one of the first female classifiers in the profession. Her passion and experience have assisted numerous farmers in improving their herds and reaching their objectives. Maureen has broken down several barriers and paved the path for other female dairy workers. HAUSA is appreciative for her tireless efforts and steadfast dedication, and they wish her the best in her future chapter. Maureen, congratulations on your retirement!

Using Automation to Benefit New York Dairy Farmers

Dairy cow illnesses cost New York dairy producers millions of dollars each year in diminished milk sales and treatment, labour, and culling expenses. Maintaining a healthy and productive herd, as every dairy farmer knows, requires robust health monitoring practises for accurate and early illness identification. However, owing to labour restrictions, this has proven more challenging for farmers.

The usage of Automated Health Monitoring systems (AHM) might be one approach. AHMs use sensors to monitor cow behaviour and physiology and identify possible health concerns. While farmers are using this technology, there is little independent study showing its worth. NYFVI is supporting a research at Cornell University with Dr. Julio Giordano to investigate their efficacy.

In this study, researchers will evaluate the performance of AHM systems to non-intensive health monitoring methods used on dairy farms. The study will specifically compare AHM systems to dairy farm situations that lack labour, time, or both for effective cow monitoring.

The initiative also aims to close a significant knowledge gap in the dairy sector by teaching farm health-care personnel, extension educators, professionals, and students at SUNY institutions and Cornell University in the use of AHM. Participants will learn how to utilise and maximise the value of AHM tools in hands-on workshops in English and Spanish.

“We are excited to roll out this project aimed at addressing some of the most pressing herd management challenges for commercial dairy farms in NY,” stated Cornell University professor and project leader Julio Giordano. We will increase cow health by using automated health monitoring technology while lowering labour requirements and animal disturbance. We will test and illustrate the benefit of automated monitoring systems for farms who, owing to a lack of time or manpower, struggle to identify cows that need treatments or interventions.

“Our on-farm training programme for cow health-care technicians will help current and future users of technology be more proficient and feel more comfortable with their operation and value for herd management in order to foster adoption and better use of automated monitoring technologies.” Finally, this research will benefit dairy farms by enhancing the health and production of dairy cows and assisting farm staff in more efficiently using technology.”

Simple Management Strategies for Your Dairy Herd’s Fertility Cycle

Over the last two decades, the dairy sector has seen a revolution in herd fertility success. Widespread fertility programmes, as well as the industry’s greater understanding—and optimization—of the holistic relationships between a dairy cow’s body condition, general health, and fertility, are at the core of this leap ahead. Researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Michigan State University synthesise the past three decades of scientific research explaining these relationships and highlight the key actionable takeaways for establishing and maintaining high fertility in a dairy herd in a recent mini-review published in a special fertility issue of JDS Communications®, published by Elsevier.

One of the co-authors, Richard Pursley, PhD, of Michigan State University, created the phrase “high fertility cycle” to reflect this knowledge of the interconnected components on a dairy farm that combine to promote reproductive success.

“We now know that reproductive success is tied to other health markers in a dairy herd after two or more decades of research,” Pursley explained, “and we set out to show how this knowledge can be utilised to maximise a herd’s fertility rate through simple, applicable changes in farm production management.”

In their mini-review, the scientists looked back over three decades of dairy research to give the fundamental findings on this issue. They begin by creating a link between fertility and the bodily condition score (BCS), which is a consistent 5-point scoring system in.A realistic management tool for Holstein cows that is 25 increments long and utilised to understand their body fat or energy levels.

“We know from the research that healthier postpartum cows have better embryo quality, higher fertility at first insemination, and fewer early pregnancy losses after becoming pregnant,” said co-author Paul Fricke, PhD, of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Furthermore, BCS reduction after calving was linked to an increase in health difficulties, while maintaining or increasing BCS after calving was linked to less reported health events, such as metritis, mastitis, ketosis, and pneumonia.

So, how can dairy farms guarantee that their herds retain or grow BCS after calving in order to produce healthy cows and good reproductive rates? According to the study, the crucial aspect is calving cows with a BCS between 2.75 and 3.0, which may be accomplished by employing an intensive reproductive control programme. Getting cows pregnant as soon as the voluntary waiting period ends assures a lower BCS at calving, which leads to less body condition loss after calving and hence healthier cows who are more reproductive and better able to get pregnant again, resuming the cycle.

Markets Down in Chicago with the Exception of Butter

On the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, milk futures and cash dairy prices were down on Thursday, with the exception of butter.

May Class III milk was $0.06 lower at $16.46. June’s price went down $0.28 to $16.91. July’s price went down $0.24 to $17.63. August was $0.13 lower at $18.41. Contracts from September to April varied from constant in April to seven cents lower in October.

Dry whey fell $0.0025 to $0.30. Two sales of $0.30 and $0.3025 were reported.

Cheese bricks down $0.0525 to $1.6175. Six sales ranged from $1.61 to $1.63.

Cheese barrels fell $0.0325 to $1.5050. Five sales ranged from $1.50 to $1.5050.

Butter was trading at $2.4075, up $0.0125. Although there were two bids, no sales were reported.

Nonfat dried milk fell $0.01 to $1.17. There were two sales at $1.17 and $1.1750.

Fourteen-Year-Old Registered Holstein Sets New Lifetime Milk Record

A new U.S. Registered Holstein cow recently broke the record for most lifetime milk. Nor-Bert Colby Connie achieved this incredible feat with her lifetime milk production record of 486,300 pounds through her latest completed lactation. Connie has calved again and is continuing to add to the record total.

Connie has equally impressive numbers for components, with a lifetime record of 27,062 pounds of fat and 17,737 pounds of protein through her last completed lactation. These tremendous fat and protein totals are currently the highest lifetime totals for fat and protein in the Holstein Association USA database.

This new record comes in quick succession to the one set by Chrome-View Charles 3044, who achieved the record earlier this year with a total of 478,200 pounds of lifetime milk, 14,447 pounds of fat, and 12,576 pounds of protein. Having two cows break the lifetime milk production record within a matter of a few months is a testament to all that’s possible with U.S. Registered Holstein cows.

Connie is owned by Nor-Bert Farm in Bremen, Indiana. Roger and Deb Dankert farm alongside their son Jeremy Dankert and daughter and son-in-law Jennifer and Monty Freeman. Jennifer and Monty also have three children, Dalton, Dillon and Breanne, who are involved in the multigenerational farm.

The team at Nor-Bert Farm say Connie is a low maintenance cow, who prefers being alone and doing her thing – making lots of high-quality milk. With a classification score of Excellent-94 3E, Connie is easy to pick out in the barn.

“She has open ribs, a big frame, and impressive width, with a really good udder on her,” Jeremy shares. He believes these physical traits, along with good feet and legs, have also had a positive impact on Connie’s ability to produce so much milk. The 14-year-old cow has also achieved Holstein Association USA’s National Elite Performer status.

Connie’s sire is Solid-Gold Colby-ET. The Dankerts say her dam, Nor-Bert Buckeye Christy-ET, was also a good cow with solid production. “Connie’s out of a really milky family that has good records on them,” Jeremy says.

Connie’s granddam, Nordic-Haven Formation Cara, was bought by Nor-Bert Farms many years ago. Cara is also a sister to Nordic-Haven Mtoto Calico, who was a high TPI cow, and the dam of AI bull Nor-Bert Calypso. Connie herself has had nine calves, including four daughters who have been high-producing cows in the Nor-Bert herd.

For many years, the Registered Holstein cow has been known as the most efficient producer of high-quality milk. Nor-Bert Colby Connie has fed an impressive amount of people in her lifetime. These calculations help put her lifetime milk production total into perspective.

Nor-Bert Colby Connie’s 486,300 lifetime milk production record total is equivalent to:

  • 56,547 gallons of milk
  • 904,744 cups of milk
  • 48,630 pounds of cheese1
  • Enough cheese for 129,680 twelve-inch pizzas2
  •  603,168 scoops of ice cream3
  •  22,939 pounds of butter4

Her lifetime milk production total would also feed 10 people for over 80 years, if each person had the daily requirement of 3 servings of milk per day. Connie could also provide the daily dairy requirements for 301,581 people for one day.

CDCB Board Welcomes New Member, Elects Officers

Collaboration is at the core of the Council of Dairy Cattle Breeding, with producers and several organizations working together to drive dairy cattle improvement. That cooperation is reflected in the Board of Directors that governs the development, direction and continuous improvement of U.S. dairy genetics and CDCB services. The CDCB Board represents four sectors of U.S. dairy with each sector represented by three individuals.

The CDCB Board met April 18-19, 2023, in Louisville, Ky., with emphasis on strategic planning, appointment of Producer Advisory Committee, the CDCB Annual Meeting and Board reorganization.

New to the CDCB Board is Tony Allen, General Manager of AgriTech Analytics, representing Dairy Records Processing Centers. Tony has been active in the western U.S. dairy community for several years, previously as records processor at AgriTech and in sales of dairy feed and supplements. His leadership roles include American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists and steering committee for the Californian Animal Nutrition Conference. Tony lives in Fresno, Calif., with his wife Stephanie and their three sons.

Tony fills the seat previously held by Eddie Ormonde of VAS. We express sincere appreciation to Eddie for his commitment to dairy improvement and service to CDCB.

New officers were elected to two-year terms, serving in these roles through April 2025.

  • Chair: Lindsey Worden, Holstein Association USA
  • Vice Chair: Dan Sheldon, Woody Hill Farm
  • Treasurer: Jay Weiker, National Association of Animal Breeders
  • Secretary: Mark Rodgers, MKVT Polled Holsteins
    2023-24 CDCB Board of Directors

    Dairy Records Providers
    • Susan Lee*, Idaho DHIA, Jerome, Idaho
    • Jay Mattison, National DHIA, Verona, Wis.
    • Dan Sheldon, Woody Hill Farms, Salem, NY
    Dairy Records Processing Centers
    • Tony Allen*, AgriTech Analytics, Fresno, Calif.
    • John Clay, Dairy Records Management Systems, Raleigh, NC
    • Mark Rodgers, MKVT Polled Holsteins, Glover, Vt
    National Association of Animal Breeders
    • Paul Hunt*, URUS Group, Madison, Wis.
    • Katie Olson, ABS Global, DeForest, Wis.
    • Jay Weiker, NAAB, Madison, Wis.
    Purebred Dairy Cattle Association
    • Jonathan Lamb*, Oakfield Corners Dairy, Oakfield, NY
    • Neal Smith, American Jersey Cattle Association, Reynoldsburg, Ohio
    • Lindsey Worden, Holstein Association USA, Inc., Brattleboro, Vt.
    *Designates election or re-election to a three-year term starting April 2023

NY farmers face growing labour expenses as minimum wage rises again.

New York state legislators approved a $229 billion spending package earlier this week that would gradually raise the state’s minimum wage to $17 in New York City and its suburbs and $16 in the rest of the state by 2026.

Raising the minimum wage might be the last nail in the coffin for many.

“There will be changes at farms as these costs rise and farms look to cope and deal,” said Steve Ammerman, Communications Director for the New York Farm Bureau.
In Valatie, dairy farmer Eric Ooms of A. Ooms and Sons Dairy has hundreds of cows to milk every day – a large chore that used to take several hours of labour.

With labour prices rising, he realised something had to give.

“To address higher costs, we’ve always tried to find ways to minimise labour.” “In the dairy industry, that means robotics,” said Ooms.
Instead of training employees, he now uses technology to educate his cows to milk themselves.

When the cows want to be milked, they just go up to the machine, which does the rest.

“So, the cow comes in, and the robot identifies who she is, and it has all the information on the cow on the screen,” Ooms added.

He claims that, in the long run, employing technology is less expensive than paying workers.

However, rising expenses have made it impossible for some dairy producers to remain in business.

“With inflation, overtime, minimum wage, unions, and so on, it’s no longer worth doing business in this state,” said dairy farmer Raymond Dykeman of Dykeman & Sons Inc in Fultonville.

“We can’t make ends meet because we have no control over the price we’ll receive for our product,” he continued.

Dairy pricing are federally controlled, which means they are not determined by farmers.

“As a result, they have no control over passing on those higher labour costs,” Ammerman said. “They’re going to have to absorb them.”

While the state has implemented tax credit schemes to assist farmers financially, there are concerns about their long-term viability.

“Tax credit–someone has to pay for that, so people’s taxes pay for that, and that doesn’t make a lot of sense to me,” Ooms said.

Holstein Canada & SEMEX Sponsors Canada’s 2023 Young Breeders School participants

Semex and Holstein Canada are pleased to announce their collaborative support of the 2023 Young Breeders School (YBS).

Held since 1999, YBS is an annual educational event designed to help train young people aged 13-25 regarding the Holstein breed. The three-day training includes courses on animal preparation, nutrition, judging, showmanship, marketing, genetic selection and leadership. Participants stay with families from the host region, fostering cultural understanding and life-long friendships. The event culminates with a multi-day competition in which participants put their learnings into practice, with awards given to top individuals for showmanship, conformation and country.  

This year’s event will be held in Battice, Belgium August 30-September 3.

Congratulations to the individuals who will be representing Canada at the 2023 YBS:

  • Grace Hughes, Atlantic Canada
  • Felix Lemire, Quebec
  • Kolton Crack, Quebec
  • Emma Finch, Ontario
  • Sarah Dean, Ontario
  • Ethan Nienhuis, Western Canada

These individuals were selected through their provinces’ requirements based on individual merit, achievements and experience. If you are interested in applying for YBS in 2024, please contact your provincial Holstein branch.

Holstein UK Reveals Highest-Rated First-Lactating Cows

In March 2022, VG-88 became the highest classification score a first calf heifer could achieve in the Holstein UK Herdbook. 15 heifers achieved that max score of VG-88 in the year between March 2022 and March 2023:

Adventure Unstopabull Sara (Unstopabull x Sterndale Captain Sara EX-90)
Ardmore Crusha Jill (Crushabull x Ardmore Brady Jill EX-92)
Clwch Crushabull Rhapsody (Crushabull x Clwch Atwood Rhapsody GP-82)
Davlea Crushabull Raven (Crushabull x Davlea Ashlar Raven EX-92 3E)
Drointon Grayridge Royal Promis (Crown Royal x Drointon Doc Promise VG-88)
Hilltara Doorman Maude 21 (Doorman x Hilltara Mogul Maude VG-86)
Leedham Rubels Seisme Red 2 (Rubels x Leedham Integral Seisme Red VG-87)
Logan Rubels Seisme (Rubels x Logan Shania Red VG-88)
Riverdane Unix Ashlyn (Unix x Riverdane Dust Ashlyn EX-94 2E)
Simlahill Unix Ruth 2 (Unix x Ards Flyn Z Ruth EX-94 3E)
Stowey Altitude Glamorous Red (Altitude x Golden-Rose Ladd Glory Red VG-86)
Washfold Cliff Mist 4 (Outlay x Washfold Cliff Mist 2 EX-90)
Willsbro King Doc Pammy 410 (King Doc x Willsbro Lambda Pammy 247 VG-87)
Willsbro King Doc Pammy 433 (King Doc x Willsbro Lambda Pammy 248 EX-92)
Willsbro Rapid Adina 40 (Rapid x Willsbro Verify Adina 10 EX-94 2E)

Congratulations to the breeders and owners of these exceptional young cows!

World Dairy Expo Seeking Media Interns For 2023 Event

As the 56th World Dairy Expo approaches, Expo is searching for college students who are passionate about the dairy industry to be part of the 2023 media team. Five students will be able to experience WDE as media interns, giving them an intimate look at the storied event.

Under the direction of Expo’s communications specialist, media interns assist with media initiatives at World Dairy Expo and the management of the Media Room, Expo’s on-site resource for reporters, writers and photographers. This week-long internship in Madison, Wisconsin provides students with an active role in writing press releases, creating content through multiple platforms, and executing social media plans while engaging with media professionals and dairy industry representatives from around the globe.

“The media intern team plays an integral role in successfully executing this must-attend event for the global dairy industry,” shares Jenna Langrehr, WDE Communications Specialist. “Expo is delighted to once again offer this invaluable opportunity to students from across the country who are passionate about the dairy industry and looking for a great hands-on experience.”

Qualified individuals are actively pursuing a bachelor’s or master’s degree in a dairy, agriculture, or communications-related field with excellent written and verbal communication skills. Students should visit World Dairy Expo’s website,, and select “Careers & Internships” under the “About Expo” tab for the complete job description and all pertinent application details. Questions about this position should be directed to Langrehr at  

Serving as the meeting place of the global dairy industry, World Dairy Expo brings together the latest in dairy innovation and the best cattle in North America. The global dairy industry will return to Madison, Wis. for the 56th event, October 1-6, 2023, when the world’s largest dairy-focused trade show, dairy and forage seminars, a world-class dairy cattle show and more will be on display. Download the World Dairy Expo mobile event app, visit or follow WDE on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Spotify, Instagram or YouTube for more information.


Cumberland County Milk Processor Saves Northern Pennsylvania Dairy Farm

Stephanie Painter and her sister grew raised in northern Pennsylvania on their family’s dairy farm. They saw neighbouring farms struggling and realised:

“If we want to have control over our own destiny, we have to take matters into our own hands,” Painter stated.

After years of investigation, the sisters teamed with Reykjavik Creamery, a milk processor in Cumberland County.

“We knew there was no other choice,” Painter said. “If we want the best dairy product, and the best way to use our milk, we have to get it made at Reykjavik Creamery.”

Painterland Sisters Icelandic Yoghurt is made using milk from the family farm, which is trucked to the creamery.

To produce the high protein, lactose-free food, Reykjavik use a specialised technique.

To bring their goods to customers, the sisters teamed with Market Waggon, an online farmers market.

“The more we optimise and utilise that, the better we’ll be able to keep up with what people want today,” Painter says.

Ron Schuller hired as Low Carbon Technologies’ chief operating officer

Low Carbon Technologies (LCT), the industry-leading agricultural sustainability company and a division of Select Sires Inc., has hired Ron Schuller to focus on business leadership and marketing strategy. He will join an experienced team and help to manage the responsibilities and timelines associated with the Low Carbon Technologies USDA PVP, LCT Enrolled and the Low Carbon Technologies USDA Climate Smart Pilot Programs. Schuller will collaborate with various departments to facilitate LCT operations, including science and program development teams, beef and dairy supply chains, ProfitSOURCE® and GeneNet® programs, IT, marketing, communications and human resources.


“Ron has an extensive background in brand management and marketing strategy,” said David Thorbahn, president and CEO, Select Sires Inc. “We look forward to welcoming him to Low Carbon Technologies and Select Sires. Ron has been tapped to develop a marketing strategy, implement business process, and elevate brand awareness for this new initiative within Select Sires Inc.”


Schuller has more than 30 years of experience in a variety of roles, including key executive leadership positions within specialty retail, consumer packaged goods and financial services. He has worked with some of the world’s most successful brands as a strategic consultant and owns a boutique consultancy, Red Barn Consulting, based in Dublin, Ohio. Prior to Red Barn Consulting, Schuller was the chief marketing officer of Benjamin Moore & Co. – a Berkshire Hathaway company. He also spent many years in fashion apparel retail where he held chief marketing officer and executive marketing and strategy leadership positions.


Schuller is a graduate of The Ohio State University where he earned his Bachelor of Science in business finance and focused his graduate studies in marketing at the Fisher College of Business. He currently serves on the Advisory Board of Directors of The Ohio State University Fashion and Retail Studies Program within the Fisher College of Business.


Based in Plain City, Ohio, Select Sires Inc., is the largest global A.I. cooperative and is comprised of six farmer-owned and -controlled local organizations in the United States. As the industry leader, it provides highly fertile semen, as well as excellence in service and programs to supply dairy and beef producers with the world’s best genetics.


Chicago Milk Prices Mostly Lower to Start the Week

Milk futures on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange began the week mainly down, weighed down by a higher dollar and little cash action. Class III milk for May is down 11 cents to $16.46. The June contract was five cents higher at $17.04. July dropped six cents to $17.70. August fell two cents to $18.50. September through November futures are down seven cents to be steady.

To begin the week, the CME spot dairy auction was quite calm.  Dry whey is constant at $0.3275. The price of blocks remains steady at $1.6125. Barrels are down $0.0150 to $1.5150 per barrel. At $2.43, butter is down $0.0150. At that price, one sale was made. Nonfat dry milk unchanged at $1.1975.

Select Sires leads the industry in protection against calf recumbency

A new genetic defect referred to as calf recumbency was recently introduced by the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding (CDCB), Holstein Association USA, Inc., and the National Association of Animal Breeders (NAAB). Because there is not yet a method or system in place for cataloging sires that have been DNA tested as carriers for this genetic defect, developing a tool to manage and minimize the effects of calf recumbency became a priority for Select Sires. Today, the cooperative is excited to announce that calf recumbency test results have been incorporated into the Select Mating Service® (SMS®) program for sires in the Select Sires lineups. This new feature will help genetic consultants and farmers make the most informed mating decisions and minimize the effects of calf recumbency in their herds.


Since the introduction of calf recumbency in April, Select Sires has taken action to provide customers with the most accurate and up-to-date information possible. The genetics team is aggressively testing all sires and will report DNA results for individual sires to NAAB once a national database has been developed. Until this database decision is finalized, the status of tested Select Sires bulls can be found on the website here: As more A.I. organizations test and report the carrier status of their sires, these results will also be added to the SMS database.


Genetic conditions of economic loss are not new to our industry. Reacting to this new condition in a responsible way will again provide superior genetic advancement while minimizing the long-term economic effects. Public testing is readily available with Genetic Visions and Feanix Bio, and more labs will soon also perform this service. Holstein breeders should consider testing their most valuable females for this condition. If females are not tested, making strategic decisions about all matings based on known sire pedigree stacks will provide another level of safeguards. These methods will allow the use of carrier sires that have extreme economic values, like those ranking high for the Herd Health Profit Dollars™ (HHP$™) index, to drive more dollars into your genetic portfolio. Your Select Sires representative is prepared to assist you with genetic advice to meet your breeding goals and maximize herd improvement.


Based in Plain City, Ohio, Select Sires Inc., is the largest global A.I. cooperative and is comprised of six farmer-owned and -controlled local organizations in the United States. As the industry leader, it provides highly fertile semen, as well as excellence in service and programs to supply dairy and beef producers with the world’s best genetics.

High Ranking TPI® Genomic Young Bulls – May 2023

Registration NumberNameRequesterNAAB codeBirth Date
HO840003244009325 GENOSOURCE MILE HIGH-ET SexTech 230211.768130332782.796.
HO840003260127434 GENOSOURCE BROACH-ET SexTech 230211.277143383802.895.
HO840003251555942 PEAK 800710-ET PEAK 230311.971120324752.716.62.981.31.672.171.110.01731.94.83280
HO840003260127402 GENOSOURCE JIGSAW SexTech 230211.385135386812.915.40.33.821.081.020.49-1.36791.85.13275
HO840003263331470 SDG-PH NUMEROLOGY-ET Select 230211.487133365782.8161.
HO840003269404443 PEAK 86986-ET PEAK 230312.469121331752.477.62.511.9-
HO840003244009304 GENOSOURCE JUNCTION-ET SexTech 230211.177144379782.951.
HO840003244009250 GENOSOURCE DOUBLEDARE-ET SexTech 230210.987154419812.854.40.20-
HO840003260127433 GENOSOURCE MATRIX-ET SexTech 230211.167153386782.736.
HO840003272026162 LADYS-MANOR OOHM K-OALA-ET Select 230311.668140356792.
HO840003258178559 DENOVO 20668 HIERARCHY-ET ABS 230311.869141349782.716.94.19.910.860.710.51-0.86762.14.93238
HO840003012575508 SexTech 230211.579135395782.886.
HO840003213324079 PLAIN-KNOLL VANGOH 11372-ET Select 230312.664138328782.546.93.48.8-0.81.811.650.5207624.43226
HO840003260127415 GENOSOURCE DAVENPORT-ET SexTech 230210.785122348802.845.
HO840003244009302 GENOSOURCE JARGON-ET SexTech 230211.858140330782.
HO840003264522457 PEAK 3655-ET PEAK 230212.390154405782.895.30.32.8-1.10.871.05-0.22-0.7762.453221
HO840003258178587 DENOVO 20696 ABS 230310.895157423802.864.7-0.11.7-1.10.640.51-0.01-0.58782.94.83220
HO840003260127422 GENOSOURCE DANISH-ET SexTech 230211.472112320802.836.
HO840003266243436 OCD HANNITY RABBIT-ET SexTech 230211.972129356792.796.83.77.5-0.91.851.80.43-1.63781.94.63216
HO840003252784073 BLUMENFELD 8692 Select 230211.177147365802.744.8-0.13.3-
HO840003244009306 GENOSOURCE MALDIVES-ET SexTech 230211.587146409802.834.80.45.6-
HO840003249969062 KENYON-HILL GS ONPOINT-ET SexTech 230212.572144360782.844.91.95.7-0.41.941.410.25-0.45762.34.63213
HO840003253835940 SSI-DUCKETT 5637 Select 230212.254111292782.6194.692.51.181.660.67-0.79772.23.83211
HO840003257574274 SIEMERS 41174 Semex 230311.157144342762.565.
HO840003260127438 GENOSOURCE VALID-ET SexTech 230211.380144381782.894.
HO840003260127441 GENOSOURCE EXPERT-ET SexTech 230311.574154397792.924.1-0.32.5-0.91.431.780.44-1.61772.25.83205
HO840003247091668 PEN-COL FROST 1170-ET Select 230211.671137379782.8161.
HO840003260815303 T-SPRUCE 53066 Select 230311.471133344782.647.12.36.710.930.8-0.07-0.32762.24.13198
HO840003266190255 PEAK 30234-ET PEAK 230311.262127297752.661.
HO840003260127358 GENOSOURCE NEON MOON-ET SexTech 230212.277134364782.954.90.910.81.611.380.27-0.89782.24.63197
HO840003243272756 COOKIECUTTER VGOGH 91491-ET Select 230312.568127341782.5672.
HO840003244009352 GENOSOURCE DREAMCOMETRUE-ET SexTech 230311.485129366782.935.11.30.501.321.630.28-0.87762.34.23196
HO840003253835952 SSI-DUCKETT 5649 Select 230211.571139369782.815.515.2-0.41.531.520.89-1.08762.95.93196
HO840003257574367 SSI-SIEMERS 41267 Select 230311.556118297772.736.
HO840003247091678 PEN-COL 1180 Select 230311.964116343782.
HO840003267488888 SexTech 230212.768119310782.
HO840003243272732 COOKIECUTTER HIKE 91467-ET Semex 230211.675135361762.864.1-
HO840003260127458 TJR LAKESIDE-ET SexTech 230311.578136355782.953.50.42.6-
HO840003263337332 PEAK 40171-ET PEAK 230411.288156396782.735.5-
HO840003205425997 AR-JOY CU VG MARLON-ET HO 230312.269117297782.736.
HO840003244009321 GENOSOURCE MILESTONE-ET SexTech 230211.273144357782.984.
HO840003257827532 PEAK 64737-ET PEAK 230310.973139360752.835.
HO840003244007851 GENOSOURCE BROADWAY-ET SexTech 230311.375134364792.934.10.93.411.331.48-0.05-0.67781.83.93190
HO840003260127395 SexTech 230211.4711413878034.
HO840003260127457 GENOSOURCE BRIGADE-ET SexTech 230312.180121340792.825.20.72.2-
HO840003012575506 SexTech 230211.596149409812.884.60.53.4-1.90.711.15-0.45-0.72802.35.53188
HO840003257574376 SSI-SIEMERS 41276 Select 230311.765116287772.626.1-
HO840003253631074 ARIZONA 42123 Select 230311.477136373762.845.80.15-0.81.541.580.35-1.12742.74.83187
HO840003247634409 KINGS-RANSOM DRIVEMENUTS-ET Semex 230311.171134335752.556.50.59.1-
HO840003259995037 AURORA KAHN 1227-ET Select 230211.563121295782.656.
HO840003254236460 COOKIECUTTER 91520 Semex 230311.863127296762.7251.
HO840003254236471 COOKIECUTTER 91531 Semex 230311.862128317752.576.62.510.9-0.31.391.980.39-0.37732.84.73183
HO840003244009225 GENOSOURCE HOTTAKE-ET SexTech 230112.166132330802.945.31.83.911.411.770.94-0.91792.15.43182
HO840003251555935 PEAK 800703-ET PEAK 230311.880124316752.75-0.28.2-
HO840003260127426 GENOSOURCE REFUTE-ET SexTech 230212.172146388782.866.
HO840003253836097 SSI-DUCKETT 5794 Select 230311.776106297782.736.
HO840003247091664 PEN-COL FROST 1166-ET Select 230211.363125333782.727.
HO840003260127437 GENOSOURCE VIBRANCE-ET SexTech 230211.574146391782.865.
HO840003260815319 Semex 230311.674121332782.716.12.35.9-0.51.581.571.02-0.22762.34.23179
HO840003269404385 PEAK 86928-ET PEAK 230212.456115298752.597.13.511.91.11.651.590.61-0.41731.83.73179
HO840003260127406 GENOSOURCE MERCURY-ET SexTech 230210.978142391783.
HO840003260127414 GENOSOURCE MISTER RIGHT-ET SexTech 230211.364129329782.886.
HO840003269404436 PEAK 86979-ET PEAK 230311.170111296752.727.
HO840003260127439 GENOSOURCE BLITZ-ET SexTech 230311.378131362782.955.51.56.4-0.51.331.440.44-1.01762.14.13175
HO840003260127464 GENOSOURCE VACATION-ET SexTech 230311.273148392782.894.512.80.30.761.06-0.05-1.58772.24.73175
HO840003257574414 SSI-SIEMERS 41314 Select 230311.460113280782.716.
HO840003252542378 SexTech 230111.865128334782.776.32.360.61.571.62-0.17-0.73772.24.13172
HO840003260815315 Semex 230312.263128341782.656.
HO840003255123786 GenVis 230212.463134313782.686.
HO840003257574405 SSI-SIEMERS 41305 Select 230311.287151412802.883.4-1.51.2-21.491.52-0.42-1.05792.64.53171
HO840003245603450 WELCOME HEASTY-ET Select 230311.565118309782.636.
HO840003258243974 DENOVO 7372 LINDEN-P-ET ABS 230211.267141345782.876.
HO840003269109575 Semex 230211.854132323792.824.
HO840003271356055 OCD THORSON FONTANA-ET SexTech 230311.766135345792.716.
HO840003247091677 PEN-COL FROST 1179-ET Select 230212.163122337782.826.22.54.611.531.70.42-1.6772.14.43167
HO840003257574664 SSI-SIEMERS 41564 Select 230410.765114304782.786.
HO840003259546363 LA-CA-DE-LE OVERDO 12033-ET Semex 230310.971145355762.834.616.8-1.11.331.730.32-0.077425.53167
HO840003267664810 OCD 21314 Semex 230212.659116293762.695.
HO840003260127401 DELICIOUS GOLDENROD-ET SexTech 230211.669129348782.875.
HO840003263430917 SexTech 230212.267127326782.8541.26.302.032.080.83-0.36762.85.23165
HO840003259995053 AURORA RIDGE 1243 Select 230311.562113302782.6572.
HO840003266243416 OCD THORSON FLICKER-ET SexTech 230211.477151379782.864-0.22.9-
HO840003259995043 AURORA KAHN 1233-ET Select 23031173127331782.675.71.37.9-
HO840003258243973 DENOVO 7371 VILANO-ET ABS 230211.671135350782.796.12.87.8-
HO840003253835868 SSI-DUCKETT 5565 Select 230211.965141362782.765.
HO840003258178486 DENOVO 20595 SHILOH-ET ABS 230311.657151369782.715.13.35.9-0.10.5710.41-1.617523.33160
HO840003252325103 TRIFECTA H 1323-ET Zoetis 230112.578139366782.824.2-1.45.4-0.91.731.470.21-0.45762.95.43159
HO840003258178235 DENOVO 20344 ANDOVER-ET ABS 221211.663128334782.855.
HO840003258178604 DENOVO 20713 ABS 230411.284137384792.944.503.9-
HO840003269404378 PEAK 86921-ET PEAK 230211.578110296762.
HO840003267488885 SexTech 230112.37293289792.886.
HO840003272026166 LADYS-MANOR TUBA 1431-ET HO 23031277114329792.765.30.16.9-0.11.761.910.26-0.69781.74.53156
HO840003253835954 SSI-DUCKETT 5651 Select 230212.363103287772.657.
HO840003260127421 GENOSOURCE BRIQUET-ET SexTech 230212.276127361792.855.51.55.7-0.91.491.730.09-1.84782.64.23155
HO840003239751693 GenVis 230111.386166437802.913.2-1.13.4-1.80.620.45-0.27-1.17792.45.43154
HO840003260127410 GENOSOURCE ELEGANT-ET SexTech 230211.675147385782.985.
HO840003243272745 COOKIECUTTER VGOGH 91480-ET Select 230311.763121304782.586.41.78.7-
HO840003250310052 TTM WAR GEAR 472-ET Select 230212.565123324782.745.
HO840003252542667 SexTech 230311.463121320792.695.
HO840003253835878 SSI-DUCKETT 5575 Select 230211.951126297772.536.2-
HO840003257574698 SSI-SIEMERS 41598 Select 23041150123299782.6874.
HO840003245603439 WELCOME GRAHM-ET Select 230311.657122297792.657.
HO840003253835505 SSI-DUCKETT 5202 Select 221210.659108271782.695.516.60.42.542.571.10.28771.54.33151
HO840003269404461 PEAK 87004-ET PEAK 230311.463120306752.7961.
HO840003269404503 PEAK 87046-ET PEAK 23031165120318752.675.20.47.6-
HO840003258178575 DENOVO 20684 ABS 230311.263146349792.744.6-0.33.2-0.61.541.440.69-0.12772.34.13150
HO840003269404392 PEAK 86935-ET PEAK 230311.870126314752.685.
HO840003254236463 COOKIECUTTER 91523 Semex 230310.765149352762.
HO840003258178478 DENOVO 20587 ABS 23031142152313782.745.22.580.41.171.820.52-0.18761.74.33148
HO840003263337331 PEAK 40170-ET PEAK 230311.488150387782.863.6-1.23.1-
HO840003264522578 PEAK 2503-ET PEAK 230311.778125345752.754.804.501.311.480.230.06732.353148
HO840003269676823 BOMAZ 4006 Select 230212.171133357782.686.
HO840003250026280 PEAK 20429-ET PEAK 230312.278127333752.716.22.48.9-0.10.840.650.130.16731.743147
HO840003253835796 SSI-DUCKETT 5493 Select 230111.756108262782.626.2072.21.922.240.30.2771.44.53147
HO840003260127431 SexTech 230212.268125320782.786.
HO840003260815309 Select 230311.566132333782.745.81.18-0.31.461.420.7-0.26762.95.63146
HO840003265837748 TERRA-LINDA PWRSTR 12002-ET Semex 230211.861111291752.
HO840003266243420 MR OCD THORSON WILLIAM-ET SexTech 230211.269134344782.915.421.510.961.22-0.05-1.29761.743145
HO840003267471239 ABS 230311.659122335782.936.
HO840003269676825 BOMAZ 4008 Select 23021259119314782.816.
HO840003257827519 PEAK 64724-ET PEAK 230311.286125367752.665.60.17.9-0.80.970.75-0.04-0.12732.44.53143
HO840003254236451 Semex 230311.670122327782.754.6-0.37.6-1.32.322.250.710.26762.853142
HO840003266190330 PEAK 30309-ET PEAK 230311.886117354752.766.
HO840003257574554 SIEMERS 41454 Semex 230311.169104290762.716.11.29.602.211.761.150.08731.84.13141
HO840003260127488 SexTech 230310.976121344782.895.21.12.311.051.270.72-1.57772.45.63141
HO840003263337322 PEAK 40161-ET PEAK 230311.272131328752.825.20.25.4-0.41.561.87-0.030.3732.64.83141
HO840003249969058 SexTech 230112.170117316782.785.81.66.511.261.83-0.16-0.99762.35.43140
HO840003258178545 DENOVO 20654 ABS 23031275137359782.964.62.13.5-1.31.591.520.31-0.34762.34.33140
HO840003260127399 GENOSOURCE ELAPSE-ET SexTech 23021278143399782.945.222.7-
HO840003260127462 GENOSOURCE RIGHTAWAY-ET SexTech 230311.659126333782.925.
HO840003258178599 DENOVO 20708 ABS 230411.480133362782.925.72.51.6-0.80.920.970.5-0.42761.93.73139
HO840003258825098 OCD LANDRY-ET Semex 230211.471125345752.655.50.68.9-
HO840003259995046 AURORA RIDGE 1236 Select 230311.973116310782.875.1-
HO840003255205780 DENOVO 20624 SHEFFIELD-ET ABS 230212.267133345782.7562.16.700.621.4-0.08-1.45751.543138
HO840003260127413 SexTech 230210.677103318802.875.
HO840003266243460 OCD KAHN LEOPARD-ET Select 230211.563137331782.655.61.37.7-
HO840003258178328 DENOVO 20437 ABS 230211.558121302782.746.
HO840003267471246 ABS 230311.537155324782.
HO840003230534978 TRIFECTA M 40167-ET Zoetis 230312.174127367792.895.
HO840003258178465 DENOVO 20574 AXIS-ET ABS 23021258135348782.755.82.47-0.10.771.830.18-1.67762.54.23136
HO840003260127407 GENOSOURCE RIGHTNOW-ET SexTech 23021162104303782.787.
HO840003260815304 Select 230311.469142360782.755.
HO840003247091671 PEN-COL FROST 1173-ET Select 230211.554133322782.746.
HO840003253835971 SSI-DUCKETT 5668 Select 23021261119321782.547.44.58.7-
HO840003260127420 SexTech 230211.756122321782.835.
HO840003269404446 PEAK 86989-ET PEAK 230311.563107304752.527.338.61.10.761.630.04-0.66731.43.53135
HO840003251555913 PEAK 800681-ET PEAK 230311.474118321762.765.51.25.8-0.71.521.831-0.38742.45.53134
HO840003253836055 SSI-DUCKETT 5752 Select 230311.45294257782.727.23.372.81.991.910.84-1.097623.93134
HO840003265837783 TERRA-LINDA KAHN 12037-ET Select 230311.570124330782.815.315.6-0.11.671.89-0.08-0.947634.93134
HO840003266190262 PEAK 30241-ET PEAK 23031282121338762.615.
HO840003267664831 OCD 21335 Semex 23021260136300762.684.
HO840003267664923 OCD 21427 Select 230312.556121305782.617.
HO840003269676858 ABS 230311.166138372782.845.3-0.63.6-
HO840003271356106 OCD VAN GOGH SPOKANE-ET Select 23031263133328782.
HO840003253835994 SSI-DUCKETT 5691 Select 230311.263130310772.665.7-0.66.5-0.21.691.550.660761.64.53133
HO840003267664927 OCD 21431 Select 230311.271115326782.86.5360.81.281.310.16-0.96762.85.33133
HO840003269404488 PEAK 87031-ET PEAK 230312.279122344752.715.90.68.5-
HO840003244009349 GENOSOURCE MYKONOS-ET SexTech 230310.863139344782.825.
HO840003248215169 SSI-LARSON 2358 Select 230211.657119289782.656.
HO840003251555893 PEAK 800661-ET PEAK 230310.662128311752.815.
HO840003258825160 OCD VANGOGH FIGHTER-ET Select 230311.759114310782.577.
HOUSA00051ACP5251 LADYS-MANOR KAHN TER1418-ET Select 23021273137360782.825.10.54.1-1.11.591.420.07-0.84762.55.23132
HO840003269676824 BOMAZ 4007 Select 230211.973126338782.885.626.
HO840003244009298 GENOSOURCE MARTYR-ET SexTech 230210.991138397802.924.201.7-
HO840003257574639 SSI-SIEMERS 41539 Select 230311.269111324782.666.
HO840003265837737 TERRA-LINDA PWRSTR 11991-ET Semex 230212.262119317752.766.73.18.8-0.51.571.651.05-0.59732.353130
HO840003213324074 PLAIN-KNOLL LETCHW 11367-ET Select 230210.464123331792.995.
HO840003243272690 COOKIECUTTER DYNO 91425-ET Zoetis 230212.163116301782.716.
HO840003205426002 BADGER CU KAHN JIM-ET HO 230311.856127327782.746.
HO840003244007867 GENOSOURCE LITHIUM-ET SexTech 230312.163108279792.875.
HO840003244009328 GENOSOURCE MICROBREW-ET SexTech 230211.683146400802.844-0.22.6-1.30.680.810.19-1792.55.43128
HO840003244314567 FUST 225 Select 230311.96997272782.667.139.211.781.590.590.08763.14.53128
HO840003252784071 BLUMENFELD 8690 Select 230211.954133319782.745.
HO840003258178529 DENOVO 20638 LANDRUM-ET ABS 230311.355129334782.617.
HO840003260127451 SexTech 230311.164139347782.895.
HO840003267664964 OCD 21468 Select 230311.446131279782.676.94.510.80.81.451.490.280.36762.44.63128
HO840003244009297 SexTech 230211.387150390802.864-0.23.2-1.30.630.49-0.08-0.33792.45.33127
HO840003272026164 LADYS-MANOR OOHM K-OHL-ET Select 230311.864125302792.
HO840003251555917 PEAK 800685-ET PEAK 23031273119308752.565-0.57.1-0.31.411.940.140.67732.65.33126
HO840003258178586 DENOVO 20695 ABS 230311.861144362782.775.83.75.3-0.10.730.920.03-1.85762.25.63126
HO840003263337326 PEAK 40165-ET PEAK 230311.759113292752.845.71.86.311.921.990.640.11732.343125
HO840003250267301 PINE-TREE 604 POWER 845-ET HO 230311.478126338782.685.5-0.16.8-11.521.020.45-0.127725.13124
HO840003250267304 PINE-TREE 2689 FIGAR 848-ET HO 230311.36196272792.
HO840003250310049 TTM WAR GEAR 469-ET Zoetis 23021275133360782.855.50.44.8-0.61.361.260.11-0.89773.563124
HO840003251761918 AOT DROPBOX HIGHNOON-ET Semex 230211.365106280762.835.10.65.3-
HO840003259995038 AURORA KAHN 1228-ET Select 230211.475129347782.784.4-0.44.6-
HO840003264522471 PEAK 3669-ET PEAK 23031177118326752.586.61.610.4-0.70.850.970.320.137324.43124
HO840003244009293 SexTech 230211.458127302782.835.
HO840003247634397 KINGS-RANSOM LETCHWORTH 507-ETSelect 230211.163123302782.794.315-
HO840003251555932 PEAK 800700-ET PEAK 230312.170104312752.767.
HO840003254653227 GenVis 230310.375130355782.794.50.84.801.320.670.59-0.1772.65.13123
HO840003258178332 DENOVO 20441 BILTMORE-P-ET ABS 230311.569127340782.795.63.54.7-0.20.791.180.2-0.65751.52.73123
HO840003258178588 DENOVO 20697 ABS 230311.276136337802.733.7-1.13.7-1.21.661.81-0.010.15782.65.33123
HO840003260815296 Select 230311.258140325782.675.
HO840003244007849 GENOSOURCE BRUSQUE-ET SexTech 230311.573123345792.825.
HO840003258825124 OCD KAHN HUNTER-ET Select 230211.781115353792.795.80.96.7-
HO840003269137423 DANHOF O 15861-ET HO 230211.165111308792.744.
HO840003230499326 SHELAND 9284 Select 230211.969131348782.854.
HO840003244009340 SexTech 230311.173107325802.885.
HO840003253835874 SSI-DUCKETT 5571 Select 23021165119304782.616.41.79.2-0.31.471.590.450.14762.35.33121
HO840003267484336 SYNERGY-FUST 8037-ET Zoetis 230311.369102293782.835.70.361.
HO840003272031078 CHERRY-ACRES 956 L 927-ET HO 23021182153399802.834.1-0.60-10.630.79-0.6-0.98782.85.33121
HO840003253835999 SSI-DUCKETT 5696 Select 230311.146116289782.536.
HO840003257574395 SSI-SIEMERS 41295 Select 230311.178118333782.786.93.710.10.20.610.250.29-0.457623.73120
HO840003258824987 OCD THORSON FINAL-ET SexTech 230111.465143323782.854.
HO840003243272724 COOKIECUTTER PSTAR 91459-ET Semex 230212.352117300762.596.
HO840003253835891 SSI-DUCKETT 5588 Select 230211.367139330782.684.90.77.7-
HO840003258178491 DENOVO 20600 ABS 230311.862126320782.636.
HO840003260815308 Select 230311.964124315782.795.
HO840003260815320 Select 230310.773116303782.894.40.34.7-0.82.3321.121.07772.14.63119
HO840003251555965 PEAK 800733-ET PEAK 230412.156139313762.765.
HO840003253836030 SSI-DUCKETT 5727 Select 230310.446127286782.6563.
HO840003257574577 SSI-SIEMERS 41477 Select 2303125489238772.558.13.911.
HO840003266243426 OCD HOLLYWOOD FOXY-ET SexTech 23021267132331782.795.
HO840003267664834 OCD 21338 Semex 23021164120302762.884.5-
HO840003272026165 LADYS-MANOR OOHM K-OBE-ET Select 230311.866125324792.774.
HO840003245603455 WELCOME TRITON-ET Semex 230311.665116293752.716.
HO840003251555911 PEAK 800679-ET PEAK 230312.376108301752.675.50.49.1-
HO840003257574631 SSI-SIEMERS 41531 Select 23031268120336792.685.70.88.7-
HO840003258243987 DENOVO 7385 ABS 230311.567143356782.964.30.95.7-
HO840003260127435 SexTech 230211.175143377783.
HO840003260127476 GENOSOURCE MEMO-ET SexTech 230310.866107313782.977.
HO840003260815318 Select 230311.666136342782.766.
HO840003263430788 SexTech 230110.685154427812.893-1.4-0.9-0.80.490.6-0.18-1.72802.66.93117
HO840003269404435 PINE-TREE PEAK 86978-ET PEAK 230312.472109323762.627.23.2110.40.690.740.29-0.83741.83.83117
HO840003269676856 BOMAZ 4039 Select 230312.171116355782.895.
HO840003230499322 SHELAND 9280 Select 230211.664129332782.754.
HO840003244009314 SexTech 230211.475132352802.944.21.13.4-0.81.351.640.48-0.65793.15.73116
HO840003255205846 DENOVO 20690 ABS 230311.460133328783.
HO840003258825108 OCD 70574 Semex 230211.853124302762.686.
HO840003263430817 SexTech 230111.480128341802.92.9-20.5-
HO840003265837745 TERRA-LINDA 11999 Semex 230211.265123320752.617.349.80.30.680.530.27-0.3731.94.33116
HO840003267664846 OCD 21350 Semex 230211.167123310762.665.10.78.4-1.51.792.010.660.157524.43116
HO840003267664848 OCD KAHN FILIBUSTER-ET Select 230210.670104299782.657.
HO840003253835471 SSI-DUCKETT 5168 Select 221111.562137318782.953.704.40.11.941.890.290.13772.25.43115
HO840003258243994 DENOVO 7392 ABS 230310.969131336782.835.52.68-0.40.830.740.81-0.83761.63.63115
HO840003259995039 AURORA KAHN 1229-ET Select 230211.168115292782.775.
HO840003260127444 GENOSOURCE REFRACT-ET SexTech 230311.37614438278351.13.4-0.10.520.73-0.34-1.89771.94.83115
HO840003243272739 COOKIECUTTER 91474 Semex 230311.95793251762.637.42.510.
HO840003257574400 SIEMERS 41300 Select 230311.365114284792.785.
HO840003257574579 SSI-SIEMERS 41479 Select 230311.257108281792.75.2160.62.052.710.63-0.95772.45.33114
HO840003263331492 SDG-PH 7857 KAHN 7702-ET Select 230211.973117326782.666.
HO840003266232011 Zoetis 230310.868117320782.785.
HO840003267488884 SexTech 221210.966136349782.994.822.2-
HO840003245603451 WELCOME TRISTEN-ET Semex 230311.869116310752.646.
HO840003255205826 DENOVO 20670 ABS 230312.470121331782.716.219.9-1.21.441.620.16-0.68762.44.23113
HO840003257574597 SSI-SIEMERS 41497 Select 230311.467104306782.795.
HO840003269404418 PEAK 86961-ET PEAK 230310.874141346752.823.704.9-
HO840003244009317 SexTech 230212.266145344782.834.31.76-
HO840003253835974 SSI-DUCKETT 5671 Select 230211.460133321782.665.31.75.1-0.71.741.550.280.06762.74.73112
HO840003269404519 PEAK 87062-ET PEAK 230311.669114301752.586.10.911.7-0.81.391.850.590.13732.763112
HO840003213324077 PLAIN-KNOLL FIGARO 11370-ET Select 230311.860130326782.
HO840003230534954 TRIFECTA M 40143-ET Semex 23011295123371762.9250.50.8-1.91.461.26-0.1-1.23742.35.43111
HO840003252784409 CRV 23031148129307782.596.
HO840003257574673 SSI-SIEMERS 41573 Select 230411.445128295782.726.
HO840003272026161 LADYS-MANOR I CARTOON HO 230111.652122275782.851.
HO840003250310055 MERCURO 475 Select 230211.856124311782.735.40.54.911.641.390.87-0.77772.94.73110
HO840003253835495 SSI-DUCKETT 5192 Select 221211.451113266782.615.61.570.81.752.41.24-0.22762.76.13110
HO840003253835925 SSI-DUCKETT 5622 Select 230211.848116267782.437.43.610.411.261.540.170.02771.94.23110
HO840003255123729 GenVis 230210.851132307792.735.
HO840003257827511 PEAK 64716-ET PEAK 230311.785132343752.873.50.25.1-1.81.911.120.360.54742.25.53110
HO840003258178483 DENOVO 20592 ABS 230310.949146325782.894.81.6301.381.570.87-1.287623.63110
HO840003258178590 DENOVO 20699 ABS 230311.154143338792.745.
HO840003267471168 ABS 230211.559129338782.676.62.87-
HO840003267664868 OCD WAR GEAR LEPRECHAUN-ET Select 230311.960131337782.755.
HO840003234522091 DENOVO 2091 PEOSTA-P-ET ABS 230312.566126333782.736.72.560.40.740.97-0.13-0.93752.143109
HO840003252802865 Select 23021170115314782.787.22.76-
HO840003253836010 SSI-DUCKETT 5707 Select 230311.749114298782.647.
HO840003257574561 SSI-SIEMERS 41461 Select 23031156127311782.686.32.69.1-
HO840003258178495 DENOVO 20604 KIRKLAND-ET ABS 230312.163156387782.765.32.16.2-
HO840003271356037 OCD DETROIT LOCO-ET Select 230211.366115329782.735.30.76.701.721.590.48-0.96761.94.73109
HO840003254236443 COOKIECUTTER DYNO 91503-ET Zoetis 230311.966120301782.735.
HO840003257827475 PEAK 64680-ET PEAK 2302116797310752.657.
HO840003266190327 PEAK 30306-ET PEAK 230311.278144349782.883.302.40.10.920.82-0.170.16772.35.93108
HO840003253836079 SSI-DUCKETT 5776 Select 230311.354131299782.595.92.88.3-
HO840003258825115 OCD 70581 Semex 230211.162123317762.775.
HO840003260127446 GENOSOURCE VECTOR-ET SexTech 230312.277129376782.945.
HO840003260812535 BOMAZ 5139 Select 230212.170153368782.784.827-1.40.720.50.01-0.4762.84.93107
HO840003269404405 PEAK 86948-ET PEAK 230311.484103322752.696.91.39.4-0.41.310.980.09-0.17732.24.63107
HO840003244314563 FUST 221 Select 230311.569111311782.855.
HO840003260815337 Select 230311.152105279782.636.20.381.41.782.150.77-0.09762.24.43106
HO840003267471165 ABS 230211.861136360782.695.52.13.9-0.30.691.3-0.06-1.59762.23.93106
HO840003272185547 BLUMENFELD 8701 Select 230211.182125357782.844.61.33.6-
HO840003230499323 SHELAND 9281 Select 230211.267122324782.785.
HO840003253836076 SSI-DUCKETT 5773 Select 230311.368128328782.664.70.67.2-
HO840003258178538 DENOVO 20647 ABS 230311.457125309772.686.13.66.6-
HO840003260127424 SexTech 23021178136392783.
HO840003267484340 SYNERGY-FUST 8041-ET Zoetis 230311.274125345802.794.9-0.12.6-0.81.481.760.16-0.93792.95.13105
HO840003269676832 ABS 230211.157125324782.826.
HO840003257574339 SSI-SIEMERS 41239 Select 230311.151116276782.845.
HO840003257574416 SSI-SIEMERS 41316 Select 230311.271145386782.775.51.45.5-0.50.320.53-0.58-1.56762.44.33104
HO840003265837779 TERRA-LINDA HIKE 12033-ET Semex 230311.864114323762.874.5-
HO840003267471237 ABS 230310.748156352782.676.13.98.2-0.80.351.030.09-1.9751.85.13104
HO840003267664838 OCD 21342 Semex 230211.566134338762.844.315.1-0.10.871.490.47-0.78742.253104
HO840003269404490 PEAK 87033-ET PEAK 230310.755118298752.566.
HO840003253835908 SSI-DUCKETT 5605 Select 230211.66191262782.597.
HO840003253835915 SSI-DUCKET 5612 Select 230211.766130342782.824.1-0.44.5-0.31.491.530.9-0.7773.35.33103
HO840003257574513 SSI-SIEMERS 41413 Select 230311.473107308772.767.
HO840003258178488 DENOVO 20597 MORTON-P-ET ABS 230311.465112312782.737.
HO840003260812540 BOMAZ 5144 Select 220311.565137345792.914.62.33.1-
HO840003267664953 OCD 21457 Select 230311.468106296782.69736.71.50.951.240.09-0.14763.35.13103
HO840003269404415 PEAK 86958-ET PEAK 230311.563108281772.
HO840003253835975 SSI-DUCKETT 5672 Select 230211.866125334782.7861.76.8-0.61.341.260.82-0.89762.55.73102
HO840003253836096 SSI-DUCKETT 5793 Select 230310.963131331782.715.
HO840003258178566 T-SPRUCE 20675 JENNINGS-ET ABS 230310.562133320782.834.
HO840003259995045 AURORA RIDGE 1235 Select 230311.764119333782.776.718.
HO840003259995050 AURORA RIDGE 1240 Select 23031162117279782.685.518.40.21.841.720.460.73772.54.83102
HO840003260127419 SexTech 230212.569130351782.925.
HO840003267471217 ABS 230311.154158357782.7453.46.2-
HO840003271356045 OCD THORSON FISCHER SexTech 230211.863118311792.925.62.36.620.971.51-0.67-0.7782.14.43102
HO840003213324076 PLAIN-KNOLL FIGARO 11369-ET Select 230311.261116307792.786.
HO840003257574406 SSI-SIEMERS 41306 Select 230311.766125310782.695.20.95.9-
HO840003257574459 SSI-SIEMERS 41359 Select 230311.564110295772.55.5-1.58.8-1.22.362.190.760.36762.24.73101
HO840003258178477 DENOVO 20586 ABS 230310.959142348782.944.91.73.5-
HO840003260815324 Select 230311.860135324782.765.
HO840003272185549 BLUMENFELD 8703 Select 230211.960124299782.695.32.29.301.061.690.470.15762.44.63101
HO840003234522093 DENOVO 2093 SHAMU-ET ABS 230310.865132352782.855.335.5-0.10.920.820.21-1.61751.43.93100
HO840003247091662 PEN-COL FROST 1164-ET Select 230211.954125299782.626.527.21.30.761.4-0.17-0.17772.14.33100
HO840003253835904 SSI-DUCKETT 5601 Select 230211.460123284782.684.91.96.9-0.11.851.710.510.41772.15.13100
HO840003267471178 GenVis 230211.657134341782.
HO840003271356101 OCD VAN GOGH SEATTLE-ET Select 230311.860118317782.
HO840003205426000 AR-JOY CU VG MANBULL-ET HO 230311.865109280782.725.42.77.6-0.31.991.611.210.32772.44.53099
HO840003242815644 PEN-COL FROST 6804-ET Select 230311.650113294782.547.72.610.420.321.340.32-1.55762.44.63099
HO840003244007857 SexTech 230312.158114300782.746.
HO840003257574401 SSI-SIEMERS 41301 Select 230311.14998252782.48.54.611.52.70.621.29-0.35-0.35761.42.93099
HO840003259546239 LA-CA-DE-LE HIKE 11909-ET Semex 23031262116304752.815.
HO840003264522608 PEAK 2533-ET PEAK 230311.567125299752.834.
HO840003250267317 PINE-TREE 9339 JEREM 861-ET HO 230311.464146342772.684.315.6-1.61.620.920.320.6752.64.43098
HO840003252802845 Select 230211.375117345782.776.
HO840003253835956 SSI-DUCKETT 5653 Select 230210.965115276782.794.
HO840003267471252 WINSTAR 4929 Select 230311.761123327782.736.63.95.410.940.480.59-0.94772.653098
HO840003269404402 COOKIECUTTER PEAK 86945-ET PEAK 230311.462124326762.496.60.310.20.50.560.520.64-0.46742.24.53098
HO840003254236468 COOKIECUTTER 91528 Semex 230312.255121302752.626.51.910.31.60.591.090.230.12732.653097
HO840003255123660 GenVis 230111.585121345812.775.20.13.5-0.60.961.39-0.58-0.71792.55.43097
HO840003255205818 DENOVO 20662 ABS 230311.768144371772.775.92.54.5-1.60.890.750.06-0.98752.34.73097
HO840003258178531 DENOVO 20640 ABS 230312.155132325782.596.73.37.7-0.60.881.350.31-1.07762.55.13097
HO840003265837750 TERRA-LINDA KAHN 12004-ET Select 23031253117302782.726.72.97.510.881.880.19-1.37762.34.43097
HO840003267488886 SexTech 230111.681114347802.695.60.64.4-
HO840003269676851 ABS 230310.449142326782.744.
HO840003251555912 PEAK 800680-ET PEAK 230311.454132321762.724.4-0.23.9-0.51.572.30.72-0.64742.753096
HO840003258178596 DENOVO 20705 ABS 230311.180136354802.764-1.43-0.50.651.21-0.25-0.4782.65.13096
HO840003267672624 ADAWAY PORTER 3496-ET HO 23021160126307782.665.
HO840003245603447 WELCOME GIFFY 5316-ET Select 23031149111264782.557.
HO840003247091682 PEN-COL 1184 Select 230311.460109299782.657.
HO840003257574245 SIEMERS 41145 Semex 23021261109276762.795.80.95.711.961.820.470.28742.24.33095
HO840003272031072 CHERRY ACRES LI/LO O 921-ET PEAK 230111.85698265762.666.
HO840003257574453 SSI-SIEMERS 41353 Select 230311.167100298782.777.
HO840003258178576 DENOVO 20685 ABS 230311.652149358782.854.73.18.1-1.20.791.210.82-1.767524.23094
HO840003263337333 PEAK 40172-ET PEAK 23031279140360782.93-1.90.5-
HO840003265837763 TERRA-LINDA KAHN 12017-ET Select 230311.661133322782.745.11.18.5-
HO840003269404500 PEAK 87043-ET PEAK 230312.155109276752.816.
HO840003234522087 DENOVO 2087 ABS 230311.272142374782.
HO840003253618967 K-STAR 2882 Select 230311.35599249792.964.
HO840003253835959 SSI-DUCKETT 5656 Select 230211.855121298772.636.10.38.701.51.480.87-0.37761.543093
HO840003253836126 SSI-DUCKETT 5823 Select 230311.856125291782.765.
HO840003254236474 Zoetis 230312.14490227782.
HO840003257574383 SSI-SIEMERS 41283 Select 230311.847129282782.66.2310.5-
HO840003257827485 PEAK 64690-ET PEAK 230312.370113299752.766.21.27.7-0.21.361.380.30.88731.82.93093
HO840003258178562 DENOVO 20671 ABS 230311.650127307782.597.34.59.4-0.10.671.260.55-1.027524.33093
HO840003258825087 OCD FROST BITE 70553-ET Semex 230211.96694287762.772.
HO840003264522598 PEAK 2523-ET PEAK 230311.961109290752.635.70.910.
HO840003269676850 ABS 230311.753164365782.715.11.77.7-1.30.451.02-0.58-1.66751.64.53093
HO840003272442023 DUCKETT HUHON HONORABLE Select 230311.463102272782.795.91.85.821.571.490.50.2771.74.63093
HO840003147302083 LONE-OAK-ACRES HOLYSMOKE 57 HO 230311.964112301782.864.
HO840003234522095 DENOVO 2095 ABS 230311.658139359782.934.
HO840003258178523 DENOVO 20632 ABS 230311.855139316782.894.
HO840003260127447 SexTech 230311.462121327782.835.
HO840003269404417 PEAK 86960-ET PEAK 230311.860124306752.576.539.80.50.661.010.080.39732.55.53092
HO840003252542389 SexTech 230111.365135360782.865.22.44.5-
HO840003260815316 Semex 230311.385100336782.924.7-0.74.2-0.61.891.481.46-0.68762.55.73091
HO840003263430819 SexTech 230111741062988034.
HO840003242815621 PEN-COL FROST 6781-ET Select 230211.655126314782.775.
HO840003244007817 SexTech 230211.567111292792.75.636.
HO840003245603436 WELCOME GRANT 5305-ET Select 23021149115256792.
HO840003253836114 SSI-DUCKETT 5811 Select 230311.673150355792.872.7-0.53.5-
HO840003258825172 OCD 70638 Select 230311.754122286782.486.
HO840003263431235 SexTech 230111.560125327792.756.
HO840003244007854 SexTech 230311.267126339782.965.
HO840003254482935 AOT HIKE 1743-ET Semex 230311.248125303762.646.12.511.8-
HO840003257574522 Select 23031159101257782.9441.
HO840003264522476 PEAK 3674-ET PEAK 230311.857130316752.585.92.97.4-0.20.921.050.41-0.48732.44.63089
HO840003265837663 TERRA-LINDA LTWRT 11917-ET Select 230111.358121299792.874.
HO840003269404445 PINE-TREE PEAK 86988-ET PEAK 230311.663102281752.773.
HO840003242815634 PEN-COL FROST 6794-ET Select 230311.359121317782.815.
HO840003244009305 SexTech 230211.660148360782.824.60.14-0.30.630.840.32-1.45762.23.43088
HO840003247091672 PEN-COL FROST 1174-ET Select 230211.762118326782.726.
HO840003253835883 SSI-DUCKETT 5580 Select 230211.557131304782.724.90.28.5-0.31.731.480.630.67762.65.43088
HO840003257574534 SSI-SIEMERS 41434 Select 230311.86093267772.627.
HO840003258825093 OCD 70559 Semex 230211.450110269762.665.
HO840003258825121 OCD 70587 Semex 230211.96397309762.787.
HO840003259995044 AURORA RIDGE 1234 Select 230311.762105278782.5171.
HO840003266190337 PEAK 30316-ET PEAK 230311.868105286762.646.92.910.81.40.890.670.210.58741.74.93088
HOUSA00031WFH0532 VR17029 SexTech 201011.254110270802.795.
HO840003249969061 SexTech 230212.561104284782.785.
HO840003253835973 SSI-DUCKETT 5670 Select 230211.556123308782.665.
HO840003257827525 PEAK 64730-ET PEAK 230311.262126304752.795.
HO840003260127417 SexTech 230211.282121383782.994.311.2-1.10.861.450.3-2.52771.93.83087
HO840003260127425 SexTech 230211.470130351782.775.
HO840003263337329 PEAK 40168-ET PEAK 230312.562112286752.636.41.89.1-0.31.691.350.420.26731.62.93087
HO840003252325116 HILMAR 1336 Select 230212.466122323782.7550.89.2-0.61.351.740.01-0.89763.14.73086
HO840003258825123 OCD 70589 Select 230211.267127342782.774.6-0.64-0.71.621.320.57-1.21762.64.13086
HO840003260127408 50777SexTech 230211.177127352802.764.81.92.9-
HO840003264522592 PEAK 2517-ET PEAK 230311.580134340752.794.20.46.8-1.10.930.770.03-0.15731.75.13086
HO840003269404380 PEAK 86923-ET PEAK 230211.464102266752.636.32.3101.41.251.41-0.051.48731.54.23086



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