Archive for Genomics

Can You Trust Genomic Evaluations? 7 Facts Exposed

Successful dairy cattle breeding is about using the facts available including the degree of trust that can be placed in the numbers. The facts used by breeders can vary all the way from in-herd observations, to show results, to including actual performance and genetic evaluation indexes. This article will deal with the genetic evaluation indexes that are based to a great extent on an animal’s DNA analysis. Often just referred to as ‘genomics.’ In this article, The Bullvine will cover details, from recently released studies and articles. We will look at how genomic evaluations are adding trustworthy information to the toolkit that breeders can use to advance their herds genetically.

1) Accuracy

Before there were genomic indexes, there were parent average genetic indexes (PA’s) for heifers that did not have their performance (production and type) records of for bulls that did not have daughters with a performance recorded. The prediction accuracy for PA’s was low, standing at 20-33%. Breeders knew that there would be a wide variation from the PA numbers, once performance data was added in.

In 2008, based on the study of the DNA profiles of daughters proven sires, genomic (genetic) indexes were published by genetic evaluation centers that used both pedigree performance information and an animal’s DNA profile. Immediately the accuracy of the genomic indexes doubled (60-65%) those for PA’s. Of course, this was lower than the accuracies for extensively daughter proven sires, but a significant step forward.

Alta Genetics has recently published an excellent article on the accuracy of genomic index predictions – “How genomic proofs hold up.” The study compares genomic indexes at the time of release as young sires and what their indexes are in April 2017.

The study reports:

  • Young sires released in 2010 2014 decreased by 171 vs. 52 in TPI and by 151 vs. 74 in NM$.
  • For the 1078 US A.I. Holstein bulls released in 2013, their April 2017 indexes decreased on average by 99 TPI and 103 NM$. The degrees of change for TPI were: 4% of bull lost more than 300 TPI points; 9% remain, in 2017, within 20 TPI points of their 2013 indexes; and 19% increased in TPI from their 2013 to 2017 indexes. For NM$: 2% on the bulls changes by more than 300 in NM$; 9% were within 20 NM$ in 2017 of their 2013 indexes, and 9% increased in their NM$ index.

Definitely, there was an increase in accuracy of prediction of genomic indexes from 2010 to 2017.

Take Home Message: With each passing year, breeders can place more and more trust in the accuracy of genomics indexes. As more animals have their DNA profile established and as more SNIP research is conducted breeders can expect to see further increases in accuracy of genomic indexes. Also, there will, in the future, be the publication for additional genomic indexes for specific fats and proteins, for lifetime performance and for health and fertility traits.

2) Improvement Rates

CDN has recently reported on a study “Analysis of Genetic Gains Realized Since Genomics.” This study compares two five-year time periods: (a) animals born (2004-2009) immediately prior to the existence of genomic evaluations; and (b) animals born (2011-2016) after genomic evaluations were available to breeders.

 

The rates vary by trait with the range in compared indexes being from a small improvement rate to over 500%. Note that in Holsteins the rate of genetic gain in protein %, lactation persistency (LP), daughter fertility (DF) and milking temperament (MTP) went from negative to positive. In Jerseys LP, MSP and daughter calving ability (DCA) went from negative to positive, yet metabolic disease resistance (MDR) went slightly negative. Similar rates of improved genetic gains were achieved by both Ayrshire and Brown Swiss breeds.

Take Home Message: Congratulations to the breeders for trusting and using the genomic index information to make faster rates of genetic improvement. A word of thanks goes out to the genetic evaluation centers all over the world for doing the research on and implementation of genomic indexes. The very significant increased rates of genetic gain may not be duplicated in the future for all traits as breeders are now selecting for many new economically important traits not previously evaluated and published.

3) Terminology

It is a known fact that the term ‘genomics’ has not always been interpreted correctly by everyone.

Over forty years ago, when genetic indexes were first published, frequently breeders thought of them as only being for production traits when they were available for both production and type traits. Today many people refer to genomic indexes as only being for production traits when they are available for production, type, fertility, health, other functional traits and total merit indexes (TPI, NM$, …).

Take Home Message: Interpret genomic indexes to be genetic indexes that include both pedigree and DNA profile information. Breeders can find genomically evaluated sires for all traits at all A.I. studs. Breeders can use one or all the genomic indexes as part of their herd’s breeding plan.

4) Inbreeding

Alta Genetics recently published an article, “Inbreeding: Manage it to Maximize Profit,” on sire options to limit the effects of inbreeding.

The article covers:

  • When selection is practiced in a population, it results in a concentration of good genes and thus inbreeding. So, inbreeding is a natural outcome of selecting the best and eliminating the rest.
  • Every 1% increase in inbreeding results in $22 – $24 less profit over a cow’s lifetime.
  • There is not a magic level of inbreeding to be avoided. The current average level of inbreeding in North American Holsteins is 7-8%.
  • A Midwest US study shows that superior inbred high genetic merit cows are more profitable than inferior genetic merit non-inbred cows.

The average inbreeding level of the top 25 NM$ (April ’17) daughter proven Holstein sires is 7.9% for genomic future inbreeding index (GFI). For the top 25 NM$ genomically evaluated sires the average GFI is 8.2%. Having genomic bulls with a higher level of inbreeding than proven sires is as expected when selection pressure is high, when generations are turned rapidly and when there is extensive focus placed on a single total merit indexes (NM$ or TPI or Pro$ or LPI or …).

Take Home Message: A.I. sire mating programs are designed to take into consideration the level of inbreeding of future progeny when a sire x dam is recommended. If a Holstein sire has a GFI of 9% or higher a breeder should require that that bull should have positive proof values for all of DPR, HCR, CCR, LIV, PL, SCC, immunity and calf wellness. Breeders should use and trust that inbreeding is being handled by sire mating programs.

5) Functional Traits

At the same time, as genomic evaluations became available, breeders started paying attention to a host of functional traits. These traits have economic significance and include milk quality, fertility, heifer, and cow health (immunity, wellness, disease resistance, livability, …), birthing, productive life and mobility. In the future, these functional traits will be expanded as on-farm data, and DNA profiling on animals are recorded and farm data is sent to data analysis centers. Noteworthy is the fact that animal wellness and welfare will be front and center for consumers of dairy products.

Take Home Message: Breeders can trust in the published genetic evaluations for functional traits as animal DNA profiles play a significant role in increasing the prediction accuracies from 15-25% to 60-70%. Functional trait improvement will require that breeders pay attention to both genetic and farm management.

6) Feed Efficiency

Feed accounts for 50-60% input costs for heifers and cows on dairy farms. Any gains that can be made by selecting genetically superior animals for their ability to convert feedstuffs to milk and meat have the potential for breeders to make more profit.

Research and data analysis are underway or nearing completion in many countries including US, Netherlands, and Canada on using DNA data combined with nutrition trial data to produce genomic indexes for feed efficiency. Other trials are underway to electronically capture on-farm data on feed intake, dry matter intake (DMI). It is a well-established fact that level of production is highly correlated to DMI.

CDAB has just published that “AGIL/USDA has demonstrated the feasibility of publishing national genomic evaluations for residual feed intake (RFI) based on the data generated by the 5-year national feed intake project funded by USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), involving several research groups”. “The next step for CACB is to develop a proposal on how to collect data for use in genetic analysis for feed efficiency.”

Take Home Message: There will be genomic indexes for feed efficiency likely with 2-3 years. Once again breeders will have a tool they can trust into breed animals that return more profit.

7) Breeder Acceptance

A.I.’s are reporting that 60 to 90% of their semen sales are from genomically evaluated bulls. That fact on its own says that breeders purchasing larger volumes of semen are putting their trust in genomic evaluations. However, breeders wanting daughter proven sire proofs need to be given that option provided they are prepared to pay extra for their semen.

Take home message: Breeders check books tell the whole story – Genomic Evaluations are trusted.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

In less than a decade the use of DNA data in genetic evaluations has gone from unknown and not understood to a trusted source of very useful information. Having genomic indexes has given breeders the opportunity to advance their breeding programs, their herds, and their on-farm profits.  Trust in information is important to dairy cattle breeders and they have and will continue, in the future, to place their trust in genomic indexes.

 

 

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How do genomic proofs hold up?

We’re well into the genomic era. If you’re like most producers, you’re now comfortable incorporating genomic-proven bulls as part of your balanced breeding program.

Yet, you might still have questions about the difference you can expect between a bull’s first genomic proof and his daughter proof. To answer your questions, we’ve done an in-depth proof analysis of all industry bulls. Our goal was to find out how genomic proofs hold up. Do they become more or less accurate with time?

What did we learn?

Graph 1 shows the average change in TPI from initial genomic proofs to April 2017 daughter proofs. The TPI change from genomic to daughter proof is the amount of space that separates the blue and orange lines.

Graph1, which shows the change in TPI the average industry bulls see from their initial genomic release until their April 2017 daughter proof

Graph 1. Change in TPI from genomic release to April 2017 daughter proof

This graph includes all industry bulls released between January 2010 and April 2014. As you can see, the bulls released in January 2010 had an average change of 171 TPI points from their first genomic release to their April 2017 daughter proof.

Now, fast forward a few years. Bulls released as genomic sires in April 2014 saw only a 52 point TPI difference from their initial genomic proof to their April 2017 daughter proof.

This means the stability in GTPI from genomic release until daughter proofs has improved by more than 100 TPI points! As a bonus, it’s clear to see that the genetic levels of bulls continue to rise!

The same goes for Net Merit $. You can discover those results in Graph 2.

Industry bulls first released as genomic-proven sires in January 2010 dropped, on average, 151 NM$ from their first release until their April 2017 daughter proof. Whereas, the bulls first released as genomic sires in April 2014 only changed 77 NM$ from their initial release.

Graph 2, which shows the average change in Net Merit $ that industry bulls saw from their initial genomic release until their April 2017 daughter proof

Graph 2. Change in Net Merit $ from genomic release to April 2017 daughter proof

So, even though genomic numbers are still slightly inflated, the gap between genomic and daughter proofs changes less with each passing proof round.

Want more details?

Let’s look at the facts and figures in a different light. We’ll focus in on all 1,078 industry bulls released in 2013. We use this group because all bulls released in 2013 should now have a daughter proof for production, health and conformation traits.

The bell-shaped curve of Graph 3 shows the mean and standard deviation change in TPI on the 1,078 industry bulls released as genomic-proven sires in 2013.

Graph 3, which shows the bell-shaped curve distribution of TPI change from the initial genomic figures of bulls released in 2013 to their April 2017 daughter proofGraph 3. Histogram of difference in TPI from genomic release in 2013 to April 2017 daughter proof

As you can see, on average, these bulls changed less than 100 points from their initial release in 2013 to their daughter proof in April 2017. One hundred of these bulls have a daughter-proven TPI within just twenty points of their original genomic TPI. Only about 40 bulls from the entire group of 1,078 lost more than 300 TPI points – that’s less than 4%.

We see the same trend for NM$. Graph 4 shows the average NM$ change and standard deviation of the same 1,078 industry bulls released in 2013. These sires changed about -103 NM$ from their initial genomic proof in 2013 to their daughter proof in April 2017.

Ninety-five bulls held steady within the small 20 point swing from genomic to daughter-proven NM$. Less than 20 bulls changed more than 300 NM$.

Graph 4, which shows the bell-shaped curve distribution of NM$ change from the initial genomic figures of bulls released in 2013 to their April 2017 daughter proofGraph 4. Histogram of difference in NM$ from genomic release in 2013 to April 2017 daughter proof

What are your options today?

Still debating whether daughter-proven or genomic-proven sire groups are your best option? Take a look at the top 10 TPI sires available from Alta today.

April 2017 Top Dtr-proven bulls TPI
11HO11434 | AltaCR 2531
11HO11379 | AltaRABO 2476
11HO11348 | AltaBGOOD 2474
11HO11143 | AltaEMBASSY 2462
11HO11380 | AltaROBLE 2461
11HO11283 | AltaMERCI 2450
11HO11272 | AltaGILCREST 2444
11HO11446 | AltaPITA 2430
11HO11202 | AltaOAK 2425
11HO11405 | AltaKADO 2419
AVERAGE 2457

 

April 2017 Top Genomic-proven bulls TPI
11HO11630 | AltaMORENO 2742
11HO11778 | AltaROBSON 2733
11HO11725 | AltaAMULET 2712
11HO11724 | AltaSTEEL 2684
11HO11826 | AltaLOBELLO 2681
11HO11758 | AltaNIXER 2676
11HO11672 | AltaKERMIT 2667
11HO11736 | AltaRECOIL 2656
11HO11734 | AltaPOLISH 2651
11HO11720 | AltaFLYWHEEL 2643
AVERAGE 2685

Currently, our top daughter-proven sires average a solid 2457 TPI. Yet, the top, available genomic-proven group provides a 228 point TPI advantage!

Some bulls gain points and some bulls lose points. But your odds are nearly zero that every single bull atop the genomic-proven list would drop to rank lower than the current list of daughter-proven sires.

As you make your genetic selection decisions, keep in mind:

  1. Genomic proofs are slightly inflated. Yet, with each proof round, we see less change from genomic to daughter-proven TPI and NM$ because of model adjustments made along the way.
  2. The average TPI and NM$ change from genomic proof to daughter proof for bulls released in 2013 is about -100. Despite that change, you still make much faster genetic progress using a group of genomic-proven sires than a group of daughter-proven sires.
  3. Make sure the genetic progress you make is in the direction of your goals. Select a group of genomic-proven sires based on your customized genetic plan. Emphasize only on the production, health or conformation traits that matter most to you to boost your farm’s future profitability.

Source: AltaGenetics

Genetic Gain Before and After Genomics

You’ve likely heard the statement: “Genomics has doubled the rate of genetic progress”. In this article, we find out if this claim is true by looking at genetic gain for indexes and individual traits before and after the implementation of genomic evaluations.

Female Genetic Trend for LPI and Pro$

Figure 1 shows the genetic trend for LPI and Pro$ for Canadian Holstein females based on year of birth. The trends for LPI and Pro$ are essentially identical but since the scales for the two indexes are different they are plotted on different lines.

Prior to genomics, which began in 2009 for Holsteins, the average LPI for females born during the 5-year period from 2004 to 2009 was increasing by 50 LPI points per year. Since the introduction of genomics (vertical line in Figure 1), this rate of genetic progress has increased substantially. For females born in the past five years, from 2011 to 2016, the average LPI has increased gains of 107 points per year – over twice the amount of annual gain prior to genomics.

During the same time periods, the annual genetic trend for Pro$ increased from $79 before genomics to $176 per year during the past five years. This has happened without selection for Pro$ as the index was only introduced in August 2015. However, since Pro$ is made up of many of the same traits as LPI and the two indexes are correlated by 96%, selection for LPI was leading to an associated progress for Pro$ before this national index existed.

Genetic Gain for Individual Traits

Like for overall indexes, genetic gain for individual traits can be assessed before and after genomics. Figure 2 shows the relative genetic gain by trait realized during the five years before genomics and during the most recent five years with genomics. Genetic gain is expressed in standardized units so that gain can be comparable across traits with different units of expression.

When comparing the gains achieved during the two 5-year periods, we can see that:

  • Gains achieved with genomics have been positive for all traits, including lower heritability functional traits. Prior to genomics, gains for most functional traits were slow and even negative for some traits, such as Daughter Fertility. The impressive gain for these low heritability traits is a direct result of the increase in the accuracy of genetic evaluations due to genomics. Overall, the largest gains relative to the five years before genomics are seen for functional traits.
  • Gains achieved with genomics were doubled for Fat and Protein Yields while also making considerably higher genetic gains for deviations.
  • Gains achieved with genomics were the highest for overall type traits, especially Conformation and Mammary System, but these traits were also achieving the highest rates of genetic progress prior to genomics. These past and continued gains are partially due to the high selection intensity for these traits.
  • Gains achieved with genomics were doubled for Feet and Legs, which is the least heritable among the five overall type traits. Since genomics significantly increases the accuracy of published evaluations, the genetic gain realized for this trait has been large.

Another way to compare the genetic gain achieved pre- and post-genomics is presented in Table 1. Here, gains are expressed in the same units as proofs for each given trait. For example, yields are expressed as EBV based on kilograms while most functional traits are expressed as Relative Breeding Value (RBV) points.

In Figure 2 we saw that with genomics, there has been twice the amount of genetic gain realized for Protein yield in terms of standard units.  Referring to Table 1, we can see that the combined gain for Protein yield during the five years prior to genomics was 11.8 kg, or around 2.4 kg per year. In the past five years with genomics, the combined gain was 24 kg, or 4.8 kg per year. This means that females born in the last 5 years in a herd with average management are expected to have 305 day lactation yields that increase roughly 5 kg per year, on average. In this case, double the genetic gain translates into double the performance increase for protein yield.

Likewise, when looking at the functional traits, the combined gain for Herd Life during the five years prior to genomics was 1.12 RBV points, or 0.22 RBV per year. Over the past five years, however, with genomics, the combined genetic gain for this trait was tripled to 3.36, or two-thirds of an RBV point of gain per year. Significant gains with genomics have also been observed for other functional traits, meaning that Holsteins today can be expected to last longer in the herd due to improved calving and reproductive performance along with higher resistance to disease.

Genetic gains have increased substantially across the board since the implementation of genomics in Canada. While all traits have benefitted from the increased accuracy the technology provides, this is particularly true for lower heritability functional traits. The increased gain for individual traits translates into a rate of progress that has doubled for both of Canada’s national genetic indexes.

Authors:          
Lynsay Beavers, Industry Liaison Coordinator, CDN
Brian Van Doormaal, General Manager, CDN

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Dairy Cow Genomic Feed Efficiency Study Nearing Completion

A University of Wisconsin research professor is nearly finished with a study on genomic selection for feed efficiency in dairy cows.

Dr. Kent Weigel is the chairman of Dairy Science department, specializing in breeding and genetics.  He says, “We’re trying to do 8,000 cows, we’re over 6,000 so far, and form a genomic reference population that then we can use to make predictions for feed efficiency.  You know, using those data (sets), we can predict the feed efficiency of any heifer calf or the feed efficiency daughters of any bull at any breeding company.”

Weigel tells Brownfield the study has required a lot of labor over the past five years, making detailed measurements of each cow.  “Specifically, how efficiently does each cow utilize the energy that she consumes, and in order to do that you measure every individual cow’s feed intake for a couple of months in the middle of lactation.”

Weigel says the results of the research will be available to the industry soon, saying, “Within the next month or later this year.”

Weigel says measuring feed efficiency on this scale wouldn’t have been possible a few years ago, but genomics technology has reduced the expense and labor.

 

 Source: Brownfield

Genome Alberta Dairy Researchers Gain Scottish Support

Scotland may be best known for bagpipes, but it’s the data derived from Scottish dairy cows that is music to the ears of genomic researchers.

As it seeks to enhance feed efficiency and reduce methane emissions with the power of genomics, a Genome Alberta project is part of a global initiative. The effort includes a dairy research herd at Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) Dairy Research Centre on the outskirts of Dumfries, South West Scotland, supported primarily by funding from the Scottish government.

The project aims to use milk mid-infrared (MIR) spectral data to estimate feed efficiency and methane emissions as the data correlates well with both traits. Compared to the current method of collecting phenotypes to predict these traits, MIR data is easier and less expensive.

Best of all, this data is already being collected. In order to use it for their purposes, however, researchers must increase the amount of data they compile from cows for which they already have phenotype information on the targeted traits.

As it turns out, the SRUC research herd fits the bill.

Numbers game

“We’ve been running 200 cows for 45 years now,” said Eileen Wall, Team Leader of Integrative Animal Sciences at SRUC.

“We phenotype the heck out of our research herd animals and follow them from birth through three lactations of production data, gathering weekly information on key aspects like feeding behavior and feed intake, including regular milk MIR profiles.”

Having gathered hundreds of thousands of rows of research phenotypes, Ms Wall and her team tie into a national evaluation system and obtain data on every milk-producing cow in the country. In collaboration with National Milk Records, they have collected MIR data on 1.5 million cows over the last year in what she calls a “really stunning example of the research community working with industry,” assisted by funding from Innovate UK and BBSRC (British Biological Sciences Research Council).

One product of all this data is a powerful set of genetic prediction tools for traits of interest to dairy producers.

“Our dairy research herd serves as an excellent resource for reference phenotypes. The prediction tools developed to date were based on more than half a million records taken from over 900 Holstein Friesian cows from 2003 – 2014 on a range of phenotypes and dietary components. As we continue to collect records on farm and spectral data we can routinely update and improve tools as well as test and develop tools to predict new phenotypes.”

In turn, the Scottish results are helping the Efficient Dairy Genome Project develop a similar set of robust prediction equations using MIR data.

“Based on our experience, we can share information with the Canadian researchers and help them avoid any mistakes that we made along the way; so it’s a combination of pooled data and shared learning.”

Also, since North America and the UK have different production systems, pooling data should produce better genomic predictions for a wider range of cows and systems.

Feeding progress

Motivating research in both Canada and the United Kingdom is the potential benefit for producers.

“Feed is the highest intake cost for dairy farmers. If we can increase the efficiency of milk production, it will help farmers save money and stay competitive. Right now our government is stressing the need for research to have real-life applications so that results don’t stay on paper but are translated to the field.”

For the UK dairy industry, reducing feed waste has the potential to cumulatively increase profitability by 17 million GBP (British pounds) per year. The hope is that Canada can realize similar benefits by making active selection decisions for critical traits. Who knows, maybe Canadian farmers will even don kilts as a show of solidarity.

 

Source: The Cattle Site

Bottom Line Top of Mind in Genome Research

In light of some recent election results, “giving the people what they want” isn’t always the way to go. When those people are the beneficiaries of research efforts, however, it’s not a bad idea.

That’s certainly the case with a Genome Alberta project to develop and apply more accurate genomically-enhanced breeding values for traits of importance to the commercial cattle industry. Researchers may have started with a theory, but practical results for industry are a top priority.

“One thing we talked about at a recent team meeting was user tools being generated by the project and how best to roll them out,” said John Crowley, a co-lead on the project and a research geneticist with Livestock Gentec at the University of Alberta.

“We need to pinpoint the most effective way for industry to use the information on breed composition. It can be a huge aid in guiding your decisions on what breeds you cross with or what animals within a breed will be of interest to you.”

Ultimately their goal is a decision tool to maximize hybrid vigor, what Dr Crowley calls “that extra bump in performance you get when crossing two unrelated breeds or animals.”

Begin with the end user in mind

In regard to breeding values, the team is looking at how to package and communicate the findings and encapsulate them in one or two easy-to-read figures.

“You can sum up genetic scores in different ways. It may be that a maternal and all around index would be best for the end user, where the economic value of each trait is given its own weighting.”

Since he also serves as Director of Scientific and Industry Advancement with the Canadian Beef Breeds Council (CBBC), Dr Crowley is sensitive to the needs of industry and is closely following their reaction.

“People seem pretty happy with our progress. Research participants are excited about the information they have received so far and glad they had a chance to dip their toes in genomics, so to speak.”

One of their main research partners is Cow Calf Health and Management Solutions (CCHMS). Genome Alberta researchers are working with 10 CCHMS clients and gathering valuable feedback to inform the project.

Breeding success

Another end user for the project is breeding associations for whom phenotypic data and genotypes can be quite valuable.

“It’s helpful for these associations to see how bulls are performing on a commercial farm instead of just being circulated around the seed stock sector. This gives them the opportunity to grab more of the data.”

As Dr Crowley explained, often what go into the genetic evaluation of an animal are its own physical measurements and those of immediate relatives, sire or dam.

“To get a proper evaluation you need to see a lot of progeny perform. Unless an animal becomes the sire for many seed stock progeny, he doesn’t get the chance to show what he can do as there is a disconnection between commercial farms and seed stock farms; this project is trying to close that gap a bit.”

How the end user perceives this project depends on their particular interests. For example, Cargill’s focus is more on immediate benefits and what is being done to improve certain traits.

“They’re looking at the most economically relevant traits such as carcass quality, feed efficiency and female traits. The Cargill representative who saw our findings was quite interested and planned to share them with his staff and colleagues. He liked that we are looking at this from a whole value chain perspective and also appreciated the chance to learn more about this field of study.”

Though there is still a long way to go on the project, Dr Crowley and his colleagues feel they’re on the right track. Given recent events, it’s reassuring to know that listening to the people isn’t always a bad thing; you just have to choose the right people.

 

Source: The Cattle Site

Trend in Genomic Versus Proven Sire Usage

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A Q&A on DWP$ and WT$

The Dairy Wellness Profit $ and Wellness Trait $ indexes may have you wondering whether you should adjust your genetic plan to include this new information. Here we have answers to 14 questions to help you decide what’s best for your dairy to make the maximum genetic progress in the direction of your goals!

What is Dairy Wellness Profit $ (DWP$) and Wellness Trait $ (WT$?)

These are genetic indexes calculated by Zoetis from producer-recorded data, in herds that are genomic testing or have genomic tested in the past.

How is the WT$ index compiled?

WT$ is a combination of the Wellness Traits (Ketosis, Displaced Abomasum, Retained Placenta, Metritis, Mastitis and Lameness). This means it is an index analogous to a 0-100-0 index, with 100% weight on health traits. However, those weights are divided between the various Wellness traits that Zoetis calculates.

Do each of the Wellness Traits get their own evaluation?

Yes. They are then combined into a Wellness Trait $ index to combine the expected impact.

How is DWP$ compiled?

DWP$ is a genetic selection index that equates to a genetic plan of 34% Production – 56% Health – 10% conformation. This differs from TPI (46-28-26) and the overall NM$ index (43-41-16).

The breakdown of the weight on health is different as well. DWP$ puts 30% of the weight on WT$, leaving 26% for the CDCB evaluated health traits of PL, DPR, SCS, DSB, DCE, CCR, HCR.

Are the Wellness traits developed by Zoetis?

The WT$ calculation is not a new concept, as it was first published in 2004, however this is the first routine evaluation and first genomic prediction for those traits.

Did Alta test all bulls for DWP$ and WT$?

No, but we tested the sires that we predicted would do well on the respective indexes based on their health trait values and how they rank on a 34% Production-56% Health-10% Conformation index. We are listing the top ten DWP$ sires and top five WT$ bulls in each of three categories: G-Stars, FutureStars and daughter-proven sires.

What is Alta’s testing plan going forward?

This will be dependent on the feedback from the customers and the demand for this information. In the short-term we will continue to test those sires that rank well on a traditional 34-56-10 index.

How can we predict which sires will do well on these indexes?

Because the correlation between DWP$ and a traditional 34-56-10 index is very high, we can predict quite well which sires will rank well on the DWP$ index.

How do these Wellness traits compare to Productive life?

Productive life encompasses every reason an animal leaves the herd, and the length of time she is productive compared to herdmates.

The Wellness traits are some of the exact reasons cows may leave, but instead measure incidence of disease, not departure from the herd. Of course many cows are affected, but do not leave the herd. Therefore the Wellness traits measure different things than Productive Life, however there is obviously a strong relationship between PL and WT$, with a stated correlation of 0.41. The relationship gets stronger if the combination of PL, DPR, and SCS is used, reinforcing that all the health traits are related to each other.

How should you use this information?

It’s still as important as ever to create your own, customized genetic plan based on your goals and the situation on your dairy.

Our stance at Alta has always been that the most important part of setting a genetic plan is getting the correct amount of weight in each of the three ‘buckets’ for production, health, and conformation – based on the current situation and future goals for your dairy. Once your genetic plan is decided, changing which individual traits are emphasized within each bucket will have far less impact.

If you select sires based on TPI (46% Production-28% Health-26% Conformation) or NM$ (43-41-16), the current DWP$ weighting of 34-56-10 puts significantly more weight on health than those two indexes, at the cost of production and conformation.

If your current genetic plan is set at 70-30-0, changing to DWP$ as a selection goal would be analogous to changing from 70-30-0 to 34-56-0. That doesn’t mean the change is wrong – it is just a VERY significant change, which should only be made because your goals or situation have changed, not just because there are new traits available.

However, if your genetic plan is set at 50-50-0, moving some of the 50% weight on health, and putting it towards the wellness traits, is a much less drastic adjustment.

Changing the bucket weights in a genetic plan is always a strategic decision. Therefore, plans should change only when economics or the situation on your farm changes, not just because new traits become available.

Is there anywhere else to get information on these traits?

In Canada, CDN has been calculating an evaluation on clinical mastitis for some time now, and those evaluations are readily available. They are also collecting data on each of the other five traits, and expect to have evaluations available within the next year.

In the Netherlands, these traits are routinely collected and evaluated. In the US, the CDCB is currently evaluating the possibilities to do genetic evaluations for these traits.

What is the correlation between DWP$ and other indexes?

The correlation between TPI and DWP$ is 0.89. The correlation between NM and DWP$ is 0.92. The correlation between a 34-56-10 index calculated with Alta’s Bull Search or AltaGPS is 0.94.

Are the Wellness traits heritable, or driven more by management?

Many traits that are heavily influenced by environment still have a genetic component, and the Wellness traits are no different. While the heritability of these traits ranges from 6%-8%, they should not be eliminated from a selection plan simply because of low heritability. Daughter fertility, Productive Life, and other traits also have relatively low heritability, but many herds have made substantial genetic progress, and see real results for these traits through genetic selection.

What is the reliability of the Wellness Traits?

The reliability of the Wellness Traits is ~0.50.  This is relatively low compared to other traits that are routinely selected for. This means more re-ranking can occur between animals as more data is gathered.

Comparatively, the reliability of other CDCB health traits such as PL, DPR, and SCS is around .70 on young AI bulls because there is more historical data available for these traits.

Reliability is a measure of the precision of an estimate, and the likelihood that estimate changes over time. It is NOT how likely traits are to pass from one generation to the next.

Source: Alta Genetics

To view a listing of Alta’s top 10 DWP$ and top 5 WT$ sires, please Click HERE.

Genomic Testing Goes Mainstream to Commercial Dairy Herds

Animal Health National Sales MeetingAdvances in genomic testing create new opportunities for commercial dairy producers to have more control over their herds’ profit potential. With an abundance of available replacement heifers, producers have the ability to replace less profitable cows with genetically superior heifers, shortening the generation interval and accelerating the genetic progress.

Genomic testing offers a powerful screening tool to predict what heifer will be a top performer and which will be below average. The payoff can be big, as investing money toward feeding and housing heifers that are not going to contribute to the bottom line only narrows profit margins.

Technology advancements make testing affordable
Once a tool only affordable for dairy producers owning elite dairy herds to identify the best bull mothers, genomic testing is now cost effective on a large-scale basis. Costs have fallen dramatically since genomic testing first hit the market in 2008, and it is now possible to test for as low as $28 per head or approximately 1 percent of the cost to raise a heifer.

Managing genomic information to find genetically inferior calves is quite simple. Dairy producers select a key indicator, such as the predicted transmitting ability (PTA) of net merit dollars (NM$) which estimates the expected lifetime profit of a cow compared to the breed base of an average cow born and raised in the same environment. NM$ include traits that capture an economic impact, such as milk yield, health, longevity, fertility and calving ease. If a heifer does not meet the minimum requirements for NM$, she could be sold prior to breeding.

Another option is to breed the bottom-end replacements to a beef sire and sell the resulting crossbred calves as higher-dollar beef animals. Depending on market conditions, it may be possible to pay for testing costs for all of the replacements just from the increased value of the crossbred calves.

Conversely, a heifer that ranks high in NM$ might be a candidate for sexed semen. Keeping the calves with the best genetics and applying sexed semen, while selling calves with the poorest genetics, can deliver substantial cost savings. Ultimately, producers realize value by collecting the NM$ information at an early age, allowing them to gain an understanding of how profitable the animal will be as a lactating cow.

How it works
Genomics got its start in 2004 with the sequencing of the bovine genome, which is made up of approximately 25,000 useful genes. Sequencing allowed basic information about genetic coding to be used to improve how genetic values of cattle are estimated.

Neogen-logo[1]For genomic selection, researchers look for markers or single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). A SNP is a place in a chromosome where the DNA sequence can differ among individuals. SNPs are most useful when they occur close to a gene that contributes to an important trait. Most traits are controlled by many genes, making this a very complex process. Significant progress was made when a genotyping computer chip was developed that could identify more than 50,000 SNPs (50K test) on the genome.

Genomics has rapidly advanced in the past decade. Today most laboratories use custom chips that are able to use fewer SNPs through the use of imputation. Imputation is a method that uses knowledge of the parental genome in calculations to predict the genotype of the calf.

The Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding (CDCB) maintains the genomic database and produces a genomic evaluation report on a weekly basis containing data on every animal. Producers can take a tissue sample from a calf and submit it to a laboratory, which then sends the genotype to the CDCB. The CDCB then calculates PTAs that are equal to progeny tests on many daughters of sires.

While the reports contain extensive data, most dairy producers prefer to use simple rankings, such as Net Merit, Cheese Merit or Fluid Merit. For those who like more details, reports can be run to work with custom-made indexes.

Testing for commercial operations
Neogen Corp. recently introduced Igenity-Essential in response to requests by commercial dairymen for a more convenient and cost-effective genomic assessment of their animals that can be done during times of low milk prices.

An alternative to traditional USDA-CDCB evaluations, Igenity-Essential can be performed soon after a calf is born, and test results are received within two to three weeks after tissue submission. Ideal for simple heifer sorting, Igenity-Essential is powered by a low-density 7K chip with custom content to examine 15 traits essential for improved milk production and reproduction. For the commercial dairy producer looking for a simple but effective sorting tool, this is an excellent option. It is available for Holsteins and Jerseys and contains the key content needed for an accurate genomic evaluation to make management decisions.

Find out more information at www.neogen.com or contact your local Merck Animal Health representative.

Source: Merck Animal Health

Do genomic proofs hold up?

Seven years into it, genomics has become nearly as common of a term as AI. We’re now used to the genetic technology and feel confident using genomic-proven bulls as part of a balanced breeding program.

However, you may still have questions about the difference to expect between a genomic proof and a daughter proof. Or maybe you’re looking for comparisons on the genetic merit between genomic-proven and daughter-proven sires.

Peace of mind from increasing proof stability

Closer analysis of proof stability shows the ever-increasing stability we see with each passing proof round.

Graph 1 below illustrates the change in TPI for all industry genomic-proven Holstein bulls first released between January 2010 and December 2012. As the graph shows, the bulls released in January 2010 had an average change of 164 TPI points from their first genomic release to their December 2015 daughter proof (the difference shown as the amount of space between the blue line and the orange line).

The decreasing change in TPI from first genomic release to Dec ’15 dtr proofs for industry bulls released between 2010 and 2012.

Fast forward to December 2012, and the bulls released at that time saw only a 67 point TPI difference from their initial genomic proof to their December 2015 daughter proof.

This means that the stability in GTPI from the time of genomic release until daughter proofs has improved by nearly 100 TPI points!

The same goes for Net Merit $, shown below in Graph 2. Industry bulls first released as genomic-proven sires in January 2010 experienced an average change of -135 NM$. That change from first genomic proof to December 2015 daughter proof decreased to just -63 NM$ for the group of bulls first released to genomic line-ups in December 2012.

The decreasing change in NM$ from first genomic proof to Dec ’15 dtr proof for industry bulls released between 2010 and 2012.

This shows that while genomic proofs are still slightly inflated, the gap between genomic and daughter proofs changes less with each passing proof round.

If we take a look at the facts and figures in a different light, and zoom in on just the bulls released in 2012, the stability remains. The bell curve below shows the average change in TPI for the 1,060 industry bulls released as genomic-proven sires throughout 2012 that now have milking daughter proofs.

As you can see, the average change in TPI was -89 points. Nearly 70 bulls have a daughter-proven TPI within ten points of their original genomic proof, and only 40 bulls of that entire group gained or lost more than 300 TPI points.

And for NM$, the same trend holds true. As you can see below, the average change in NM$ from the group of all industry bulls released throughout 2012 was at -92 NM$ from initial genomic proof to December 2015 daughter proof. Sixty-three bulls held steady within the small 10 point swing from genomic to daughter-proven NM$.

If you are still debating whether daughter-proven or genomic-proven sire groups are your best option, take a look at the top 10 TPI sires available for you from Alta today.

Compare your top daughter-proven sire choices with your top genomic-proven options.

Despite the solid 2364 TPI average from the top daughter-proven sire options, the genomic-proven group provides a 220 point TPI advantage! Your odds are nearly zero that every single sire on the genomic-proven list would drop in production, health and conformation traits after receiving a daughter proof to rank them lower than the current daughter-proven stars.

As you make your genetic selection decisions, keep in mind:

  1. While genomic proofs are slightly inflated, they continue to become more accurate and see less change in TPI and NM$ with each passing proof round because of model adjustments made along the way.
  2. Even though the average change in TPI and NM$ for bulls released in 2012 is about -90 from genomic proof to daughter proof, the currently available genomic sires will still make much faster genetic progress than the current daughter-proven bulls available.
  3. Make sure the genetic progress you make is in the direction of your goals. Use a group of genomic-proven sires selected based on your customized genetic plan with emphasis only on the production, health or conformation traits that matter most to you.

Please Click HERE to download a PDF of this article.

Written by Gerbrand van Burgsteden, Global Product Development Analyst, Alta Genetics

Source: Alta Genetics

 

Making progress on low heritability traits – Zoetis Webinar #7

Accelerating genetic improvement via genomic testing has been available to US dairy producers for more than five years. Until genomics became available, it was difficult to justify female selection of low heritability traits… the information was too low accuracy and slow from traditional methods.  With the advent of genomic evaluations and the greatly improved accuracy it brings to genetic estimates, it’s important to re-evaluate long-held beliefs with the improved gains that can be made in low heritability traits.

The seventh installment of this video series covers “Making Genetic Progress on Low Heritability Traits”:

  • What does low heritability mean?
  • How do GPTA’s translate to real herd differences in low heritability traits?
  • Proof it works
  • Why some herds may see better results

Presenter

Dan Weigel-smallDr. Weigel grew up in Iowa on the family farm (Weigeline Holsteins) and graduated from Iowa State University with a Degree in Dairy Science.  He received both his M.S. and PhD from Virginia Tech, with his dissertation focusing on the prediction of genetic merit for lifetime profitability in Holsteins.  Before joining the R&D group of Zoetis (formerly Pfizer Animal Health) in 1995, Dr. Weigel served as a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Guelph working on the implementation of Multiple Across Country Evaluations (MACE) for conformation traits of Holstein sires.  Dr. Weigel’s current role with Zoetis is in Outcomes Research and he remains active as a breeder of Registered Holsteins.

 

Genomic Webinar Series

A webinar series developed by Zoetis and Holstein Association USA will be an educational resource for current and prospective CLARIFIDE® customers and Enlight™ users.

Through a series of online presentations dairy producers will be able to better understand:

  • How genomic testing works
  • How genetic improvement and genomics can benefit the future of their herd
  • How to utilize the data generated from genomic testing to make more effective management decisions.

The webinars will be moderated by The Bullvine with presentations by Zoetis or Holstein Association personnel. The Bullvine is an online source for dairy genetic and other industry happenings around the world, through their coverage via articles, videos and podcasts.  Viewers will attend the presentation live at a specified time and date, and archived presentations will be accessible through other websites after each presentation.

The following webinars will take place from Noon Eastern  time (9:00 a.m. Pacific time) as follows:

Topic/Title Speaker Date
An introduction to genomics  Cheryl Marti July 8
Proving the technology works: How producers have benefited from using genomics Dan Weigel August 5
Using genomics testing strategies to accelerate genetic progress  David Erf August 26
The economics of genomics Cheryl  Marti  October 7
Putting genomic results to work Lindsey Worden  November 4
Moving Beyond Phenotype: genomics vs. size-based traits David Erf December 2
Making progress on low heritability traits Dan Weigel January 6

This webinar is proudly sponsored by:

zoetis[1]      USreglogo_HA    bullhead-150

 

Putting Genomic Results to Work – ZOETIS Video #5

To get the most from genomic testing the results have to be used to make decisions that have a positive impact on herd and genetic management. Matching herd data with animal identification and genomic data can be challenging without the right technology. Enlight is a program offered through the Holstein Association, USA to help CLARIFIDE users manage data for easier management decisions. In the fifth installment of this webinar series, Lindsey Worden, Holstein Association Director of Genetic Services, reviews ways to put your genomic results to work, including:

  •     How the Enlight program offer solutions on how to benefit from the results of genomic testing.
  •     Measuring the success of your genetic advancement program

Don’t miss this opportunity to learn more, and see how you can put genomics to work in your herd.

This webinar is proudly sponsored by:

zoetis[1] USreglogo_HA bullhead-150

Presenter

worden bio picLindsey Worden has worked as Holstein Association USA’s Executive Director of Holstein Genetic Services since October 2013.  In her role, she oversees staff responsible for maintaining the Association’s genomic and genetic testing programs and software programs such as Red Book Plus/MultiMate, as well as other performance programs such as classification and production records products, providing guidance and direction for various Association initiatives. Worden was HAUSA’s project manager for the development of the Enlight™ genetic management tool, which was developed in collaboration with Zoetis, and now oversees the team responsible for supporting the product. Prior to her current responsibilities, she served as Holstein Association USA’s communications manager for more than 6 years. Worden is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin-Madison where she studied dairy science and life science communications and was an active member of the Association of Women in Agriculture, Badger Dairy Club and the dairy judging team. She has had a lifetime of involvement in the dairy industry and Registered Holsteins growing up on her family’s dairy operations in New York and New Mexico, and in her free time still enjoys helping out on her family’s Central New York dairy and working with her cattle. Worden works out of the Holstein Association USA headquarters in scenic Brattleboro, Vermont.

Genomic Webinar Series

A webinar series developed by Zoetis and Holstein Association USA will be an educational resource for current and prospective CLARIFIDE® customers and Enlight™ users.

Through a series of online presentations dairy producers will be able to better understand:

  • How genomic testing works
  • How genetic improvement and genomics can benefit the future of their herd
  • How to utilize the data generated from genomic testing to make more effective management decisions.

The webinars will be moderated by The Bullvine with presentations by Zoetis or Holstein Association personnel. The Bullvine is an online source for dairy genetic and other industry happenings around the world, through their coverage via articles, videos and podcasts.  Viewers will attend the presentation live at a specified time and date, and archived presentations will be accessible through other websites after each presentation.

The following webinars will take place from Noon to 1:00 pm Eastern  time (9:00 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. Pacific time) as follows:

Topic/Title Speaker Date
An introduction to genomics Cheryl Marti July 8
Proving the technology works: How producers have benefited from using genomics Dan Weigel August 5
Using genomics testing strategies to accelerate genetic progress David Erf August 26
The economics of genomics Cheryl  Marti October 7
Putting genomic results to work Lindsey Worden November 4
Moving Beyond Phenotype: genomics vs. size-based traits David Erf December 2
Making progress on low heritability traits Dan Weigel January 6

The Economics of Genomics – Zoetis Webinar #4 Video

You know genomic technology works better than other alternatives on your dairy. And you understand genetics are permanent, so decisions today impact results into multiple generations to come.

Many next ask, how do I know if it’s worth the investment?  This topic will take a look at multiple ways genomic testing and selection can improve your profitability and efficiency, and in some scenarios, even your cash flow.  Topics covered in this video are:

  • Improving profit and cash flow through strategic choices and selection
  • Improving profitability by using genomic test results versus using alternati
  • ves.
  • Other areas difficult to measure

Don’t miss this opportunity to learn more, and see real herd-modeled financials.

Presenter

Cheryl Marti Sr. Marketing Manager, U.S. Dairy Genetics & Reproductive Products ZOETIS Cheryl Marti is the U.S. Marketing Manager for Dairy Genetics and Reproductive Products for Zoetis. She received her B.S. from the University of Minnesota in Animal Sciences, her M.S. in Dairy Science (Genetics emphasis) at the University of Wisconsin – Madison, and her MBA from UW-Whitewater.  Cheryl worked in the AI industry at ABS Global for over 11 years in many different capacities, including management, marketing, training and technical support of the Genetic Management System (a genetic mate assignment program), and also worked in the Sire Acquisition and Research areas.  She joined Pfizer Animal Health, now Zoetis, in 2005, first as a Fresh Cow Reproduction Manager in the Great Lakes states and later as a Dairy Production Specialist in WI where she often worked with large dairies on genomics, reproduction, records analysis, and transition cows until mid-2014 when she moved into her current role. Her experiences include working with herds of all sizes across the U.S. and over a dozen countries on 6 continents. Cheryl’s passion for the dairy industry and genetics began at her family’s Registered Holstein farm in Sleepy Eye, MN, where she owns some cattle, and her sister and brother-in-law own and operate their family farm of 700 acres and a 160-cow dairy called “Olmar Farms.

This webinar is proudly sponsored by:

zoetis[1] USreglogo_HA bullhead-150

Genomic Webinar Series

A webinar series developed by Zoetis and Holstein Association USA will be an educational resource for current and prospective CLARIFIDE® customers and Enlight™ users.

Through a series of online presentations dairy producers will be able to better understand:

  • How genomic testing works
  • How genetic improvement and genomics can benefit the future of their herd
  • How to utilize the data generated from genomic testing to make more effective management decisions.

The webinars will be moderated by The Bullvine with presentations by Zoetis or Holstein Association personnel. The Bullvine is an online source for dairy genetic and other industry happenings around the world, through their coverage via articles, videos and podcasts.  Viewers will attend the presentation live at a specified time and date, and archived presentations will be accessible through other websites after each presentation.

The following webinars will take place from Noon to 1:00 pm Eastern  time (9:00 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. Pacific time) as follows:

Topic/Title Speaker Date
An introduction to genomics Cheryl Marti July 8
Proving the technology works: How producers have benefited from using genomics Dan Weigel August 5
Using genomics testing strategies to accelerate genetic progress David Erf August 26
The economics of genomics Cheryl  Marti October 7
Putting genomic results to work Lindsey Worden  November 4
Moving Beyond Phenotype: genomics vs. size-based traits David Erf December 2
Making progress on low heritability traits Dan Weigel January 6

Using Genomics as the Ticket to the Future

“Genomics has taken dairy cattle genetics to new heights.” Of course, there are breeders who agree and others who disagree with that statement. Regardless of our individual opinions, breeders definitely know more about the genetic make-up of the top animals than we did prior to 2008.

Let’s do an analysis on using and relying on genomics to achieve genetically improved dairy cattle in the future through increased accuracy, profitability, and genetic advancement.

Strengths

  • allows for reducing the effects of biases found in the phenotypic data used in genetic evaluations (accuracy)
  • can be used for both parentage verification and genetic indexing (accuracy)
  • increases the accuracy of genetic indexes for young bulls and genetically elite females (accuracy)
  • provides for enhanced accuracy when culling of heifers based on genetic indexes (accuracy)
  • allows for decreasing the generation intervals (rate of genetic advancement)
  • reduces the number of young bulls that need to be sampled. Each one costs $50,000. (profitability)
  • allows breeders to focus on replicating their best genetically indexed animals or families (genetic advancement)
  • can be used for decisions beyond genetics including in health and management (profitability)
  • fits a breeding model that uses genetic indexes and yields rapid genetic gain (genetic advancement)

Weaknesses

  • currently, not enough young females are being tested to know accurately the population average and ranges
  • adds to the cost for documenting animals
  • took some control out of the hands of breeders and breed associations
  • resulted in more friction amongst breeders
  • required that breeds incur the cost of education/awareness programs
  • does not fit a breeding model that uses show results or requires 90+% reliability for sires used

Opportunities

  • provides the opportunity for more on-farm profit including the need to raise fewer heifers (profitability)
  • reduces the loss that breeders incur when they get low-end heifers from low genetic merit unproven sires (profitability)
  • allows for breeders to implement new models for breeding and marketing (profitability)
  • results in a more rapid genetic improvement for both herds and breeds, at less cost (genetic advancement)
  • allows for the genetic evaluations for additional important traits (profitability and genetic advancement)
  • allows for the genetic evaluations for traits on which it is hard to capture field data (profitability and genetic improvement)
  • allows for the accuracy of comparison for animals originating from foreign sources (accuracy)
  • allows for re-structuring of or adding to services that breeders need (profitability)

Threats

The following threats are largely based on changes in the status quo.

  • devalues some animals previously considered elite and of some animals capable of winning at local shows
  • if not used wisely can result in increased levels of inbreeding
  • provides for breeders to discontinue participation in performance recording programs, yet they can make significant genetic improvement
  • could result in fewer A.I organizations and thereby potentially less choice for breeders
  • may require that a new genetic evaluation formula be developed 

Where from here?

The position taken by breeders relative to genomic information very often depends on whether they see genomics as a threat or as an opportunity. It’s time to be positive.  It’s impossible to turn back the clock. We need to stop the negativity on the topic of genomics or toward the people using that information. Breeders and industry stakeholders need to work nationally and internationally for collective benefit. With further research and development genomics will provide discerning breeders with information so they can achieve their breeding and profitability goals.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The Bullvine strongly supports using genomic information. Although it is not the only tool, it is a very constructive one for improving the total genetic merit of dairy cattle. Progressive and pro-active breeds and breeders will use and further develop this tool.

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The first webinar in the series to be held on Noon (EST) Wednesday July 8th 2015, and will focus on the basics of genomics to provide producers with a better understanding of the benefits of knowing more about their heifers. Click here to reserve your seat!

Smoking is good for you…and other facts dairy breeders should know

lucky_20679[2]In the 1920’s and 30’s cigarette companies not only denied the health risks of smoking, they actually promoted them as a good thing, by putting up testimonials and stats about doctors who smoked. During the 1920s, Lucky Strike was the dominant cigarette brand. This brand, made by American Tobacco Company, was the first to use the image of a physician in its advertisements. “20,679 physicians say Luckies are less irritating,” its ads proclaimed.  Of course many years later we are well aware of the health risks (480,000 people die prematurely each year in the US, due to smoking or being exposed to smoke). It’s flashbacks to this false advertising experience that dairy breeders are referencing when they distrust the use of genomics in dairy cattle breeding.   They feel that it’s just the AI companies “forcing” genomics down their throats, in the same way that  the tobacco companies “forced” smoking down the throats of millions, by using the weight of doctors’ credibility.

camels_doctors_whiteshirt[1]For a long time, physicians were the authority on health. Patients trusted their doctor’s education and expertise and, for the most part, followed their advice. When health concerns about cigarettes began to receive public attention in the 1930s, tobacco companies took preemptive action. They capitalised on people’s trust of physicians, to quell concerns about the dangers of smoking. Thus was born the use of doctors in cigarette advertisements. Executives at tobacco companies knew they had to take action to suppress the public’s fears about tobacco products.

When genomics was first introduced to the dairy cattle breeding world, it was controlled by the major artificial insemination companies.  According to some breeders they “hammered” the benefits of genomics down their throats and left breeders almost no choice but to use high index genomic sires, as there were limited other options.  The ironic thing is that high praise for the product is about where the similarities between the Tobacco industry and the dairy breeder world part ways.

MW-AK965_cigare_20110621090115_MG[1]

Unlike cigarettes that were eventually exposed for their many alarming health risks despite the early endorsement, genomics had the opposite reaction – distrust. At the time, almost daily I was reading warnings in other “leading” dairy publications against using genomic sires.  This pandered to the old school mentality that fosters breeder concern about using Genomics.  Instead of basing their comments on facts, they used hearsay, conjecture and outright fear mongering to defend their negative comments. (Read more: The Genomic Bubble Has Burst?)

The facts are pretty clear.  Genomics increases young sires’ reliability by 30% and 1st crop proven sires by 5%.  In effect, that says that a young sire with a 50K genomic test and a proven sire will now have reliability comparable to an early 1st crop proven sire pre-genomics.  This would indicate that, if you were willing to trust a 1st crop proof prior to the introduction of Genomics, you should now be ready to trust a genomic young sire from a  proven sire as their reliabilities are very comparable.  Furthermore,  genetics marketing is also supporting this.  Genomic young sires are set to outsell proven sires because most breeders are confident in the numbers and are making sound breeding decisions based on them.  As we mentioned in our article Genomics – Lies, Miss-Truths and False Publications, genomically evaluated bulls with 65% reliable gLPIs, breeders can expect 95% of the time that their official proof will be within 400 LPI points (within about 10-15%). (Please note that this figure reflects the change in the CDN system). Yes, genomic young sires do, on average, drop below their original predicted values but, they are, on average, still higher than the current proven sires that they are competing with.

The interesting part is that, while promoting smoking was a “cash cow” for the Tobacco industry, the increased use of genomic young sires has actually caused problems for the AI companies, even though  genomic sires now account for 50% of semen sales. This led me to propose that genomics will soon be used by 84% of dairy breeders in the world. (Read more: Why 84% of Dairy Breeders Will Soon Be Using Genomic Sires!)  This is actually scary news for most AI companies.  That is because the average genomic young sire produces about 20,000 doses of semen a year.  That is about 10 to 20% of the semen production of a healthy proven sire.  This means that instead of housing 1 proven sire, these companies now have to house four to nine extra young sires, in order to produce the same amount of semen.  So while genomics was first expected to help these companies save money on bull housing, it has actually resulted in them having to increase their housing expenses.

Here at the Bullvine we think the facts about genomics speak for themselves:

  1. Genomics is a Tool
    On a daily basis, it drives me nuts to see the number of breeders who refer to Genomics as a selection tool.  Genomics increases the reliability of individual traits and indexes.  That’s it.  The term “Genomics” is misused by many. They should be referring to “High Index” sires, meaning list toppers on the gTPI, gLPI, and other lists.  This may seem like a minor thing.  I am even guilty of it myself, from time to time.  However, it’s really an enormous error when you consider it from a breeder viewpoint.  Over the past week, I looked at more than 100 comments about Genomics from naysayers.  Every single one of them would have been more accurate if they had used the term “High Index” actually than Genomics.  Most of the reservations against Genomics have more to do with reservations about the use of high index sires.  The debate between selecting for “High Index” or “Proven” pedigrees will go on for years to come.  The point that many miss is that Genomics is a tool that can help both strategies.  Since Genomics helps increase the accuracy of the indexes, it will help both approaches excel into the future.
  2. The Numbers Don’t Lie
    It’s always easy to quote a case-by-case example and find a few cases that help support a point of view.  However, it takes consideration of the full spectrum to get a truly accurate assessment of how any program or any tool is working.  This means that we can be 95% sure that the current top gLPI sire, RH Superman (gLPI of +3473), will be higher than +3000 LPI, once he has his official progeny proven index. That prediction is over 90% reliable, and that would make him among the top 3 active proven sires in Canada.  In the US, sires like Delta (gTPI of +2691) will end up over +2300 gTPI placing him in the top 20.  (Editor’s note: Prior to the regression to bring high genomic young sires closer to proven sires, sires like Extreme and Alta1stclass would have actually been higher than the current top proven sire).  Yes, genomic young sires do on average drop below their original predicted values, but, they are on average still higher than the proven sires of that time.
  3. Falling Numbers are not an Indicator of System Failure
    Whether it’s young sires’ indexes dropping or semen prices going down, neither of these two events accurately predict the value of Genomics.  You see Genomics is new to the industry and, with anything that is new, there is a period of figuring out how the “new world” will work.  During that period, aggressive breeders and semen companies have sought to maximize revenues for themselves and the breeders they represent.  This has meant testing the market to see exactly what should be the maximum revenue price for each animal or dose of semen.  Simple economics teaches us that we need to test to find the point that maximizes revenue.  That is either by selling at high prices and reduced quantities or selling at a medium prices and increasing quantities.  Both are sound strategies. At times, due to exclusivity and extremely unique genetics, young sire semen has sold for up to  $10,000 a dose and, with the removal of the exclusivity and with other sires coming out after the fact, that semen is now available at a significantly reduced price.  (Read more: $10,000 a dose Polled Semen).  The breeder who purchased this semen, Ri-Val-Re Holsteins from Michigan, actually made out very well with his investment, as he had a clear plan with the use of IVF to maximize his return.  (Read more:   Breeding R-Val-Re: Where looking good in the stall is just as important as looking good on paper) It has also led to other attempts and premium pricing or pricing models.  This is not a failure of the system.  This is progressive individuals trying to discover how the new system is going to work.  Does it always return maximum profits?….No.  However, does it help those individuals understand the new market and how they can operate to maximize efficiency in the future?  ….Yes.  Just because you are not able to justify these prices for your breeding program goals, does not mean that it will not work for others.  The important thing is for you to understand your personal dairy genetic plan and goals and make sure you are constantly evaluating and improving them.  (Read more: What’s the plan?). It is interesting to note that since the introduction of Genomics, the rate of genetic advancement has more than doubled.  Coincidence?  I don’t think so.  Today more breeders can make more sound decisions. The industry, as a whole, is benefiting.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Unlike cigarettes, where there is certainly no question left about the health risks of smoking, genomics and cigarettes are not interchangeable.  There is significant proof that genomics does, in fact, provide good “health” for your dairy breeding program.  To genomic detractors, I ask you “Where is your smoking gun”? Where is your proof that genomics does not work?

The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?
Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?
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The Bullvine proves Genomics does not work!

aprilfoolApril Fools.  There are just those breeders who will never accept Genomics as a tool in their breeding toolbox.  For those of you who have or are still need convincing on why to use genomics in your breeding strategy we offer the following articles:


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

 

Are You Making the Most of Genomic Information?

Much has been written about genomic indexes since they were introduced in 2008, yet one key ingredient has been ignored. That ingredient is how can a breeder use the genomic information to analyse and plan for the future breeding of their herd? To fill that need Holstein Association USA, and Zoetis joined forced to develop the Enlight service that any Holstein producer in the USA can benefit from using.

Let’s hear about Enlight from Lindsey Worden

Lindsey is the Executive Director of Genetics Services at Holstein USA and when listening to her speak about Enlight you can hear the enthusiasm in her voice. Enthusiasm for what a breeder using Enlight can do to advance their herd. As Lindsey says, the advancement can cover more than genetics. It extends to others areas including management, reproduction, health and in the future nutrition. That is a wide scope. For U.S. dairy people interested in learning the opportunities available, go to Holstein USA’s website to learn more.

Home Dashboard

Enlight Home Dashboard

 

One final matter that Lindsey emphasized to The Bullvine – “Enlight is a free tool for any dairy producer who is genomic testing their Holsteins through Holstein Association USA or Zoetis, using CLARIFIDE®, a genomic testing product. Enlight is web-based, and has a direct connection to the Holstein Association USA herdbook database, so all animals in Enlight must also be in the Holstein herdbook”. It should be noted that a herd’s data contained in Enlight is proprietary to the herd owner and is not shared with others.

Worden Draws on Experience

Lindsey grew up on her family’s dairy farms in New York and New Mexico, and was active in 4-H and Holstein Junior programs, including dairy judging and showing. She followed that by studying Dairy Science and Life Science Communications at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. After college, she joined Holstein Association USA. That was over eight years ago, and she has filled a number of positions of increasing responsibility at Holstein USA. Lindsey is familiar with all facets of dairying from the small breeder’s herd, to the large commercial herd, to the show scene and to the international trade in genetics. She gives major credit to her parents for giving her and her brothers the opportunity to experience life, both on and off their farms. Lindsey attends many industry events and is always eager to speak with breeders to understand their positions, their concerns and their needs, and to explain Holstein USA services.

Animal Snapshot

Enlight – Animal Snap shot

 

Working to Shared Benefit

In short, Enlight was developed in partnership by Zoetis and Holstein USA. They saw an opportunity to combine their collective strengths for the benefit of producers. It is novel in that a private company and a breeder not-for-profit association joined forces to provide a service, and refreshing to see that providing dairy people with a complete package is central to the service.

Excellent Uptake

Lindsey reported to The Bullvine that since July (2014) there have been over 600 herds enrolled in Enlight, and those users have genomic tested over 260,000 animals in total.

U.S. dairymen can expect to hear more about Enlight in 2015 as Holstein USA, in collaboration with Zoetis, will have this service as a focal point at meetings and in communications through out this year. It is interesting to hear the many different ways Enlight users are taking advantage of genomic information in their herds. Many begin with testing a few animals and eventually work up to testing most or all of the heifers born on their farm. Dairymen are using the information to make decisions about which animals will be parents to the next generation on the farm, making sure they are keeping and propagating the best genetics in their herds, and using the lower end genetics for recipients, or culling when they have excess animals to sell.

One important part of Enlight is that it is real-time. Enlight is refreshed every night, so whenever a dairyman registers a calf, or has new genomic or genetic information available, it can be viewed in Enlight. Since the service if free and web-based, users can run the analysis of their animal as often as they wish.

Genetic Progress Graph

Enlight – Genetic Progress Graph

 

Expanded Service

For dairy farmers, linking all pieces of information on their animals together is important. Sandy-Valley Farms have been using Enlight for a few months now to capture their actual and genetic information in one place, to obtain genomic information instantaneously and to download information in Excel documents. And Danae Bauer of Sandy-Valley looks forward to using Enlight even more in the future as more options and screens are added to it. (Read more : PINE-TREE MONICA PLANETA IS THE NEW GENOMIC SUPER STAR MAKER, and DANAE BAUER: CAPTURING THE PASSION)

Scatterplot

Holstein Association USA continues to see interest in genomic testing grow each year, and with the availability of Enlight to help producers make better use of their information, and a partnership with Zoetis, that trend is only expected to continue to increase. As more breeders are exposed to how using genomic information can improve their herds, more and more will adopt the technology and find benefit in keeping track of their genetics with Enlight.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

With many dairymen already using Enlight, there are many users that Holstein USA or Zoetis can direct interested producers to in order that they can hear a fellow dairy person describe the benefits as they see them. Enlight is definitely a win – win – win for producers – breed association – private service provider.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

Dairy farms need ‘wake up’ call on genomics

The dairy industry needs to “wake up” to the dangers of using genomic bulls on maiden heifers, according to a breeding specialist.

Munster AI’s Doreen Corridan claimed that more heifers are experiencing difficult calvings this year because both farmers and farm advisors ignored best practice by mating low reliability bulls with maiden heifers.

“I’m hearing about a lot of calving difficulties and Caesareans in heifers that were carrying calves by some genomic bulls that have since topped the latest spring AI list,” said Ms Corridan.

Among the farms that are facing culling first calvers due to problems this spring was the Greenfield demonstration farm in Kilkenny. Management there decided to use two genomic bulls on maiden heifers in an effort to accelerate EBI gain in their 2015 calf crop.

“It was our own mistake and we definitely won’t be doing it again,” said Teagasc specialist on the Greenfield project, Abigail Ryan.

She added that the risks associated with using genomic bulls on maiden heifers were considered worthwhile last year because of the sires’ very high EBIs and low calving difficulty scores. However, the plan has backfired, with two heifers subjected to Caesareans likely to be culled this year.

“We ended up with two Caesareans out of the 89 heifers that have calved down so far this spring. They’re barely milking now and I’d say they’ll be culled, even though they were smashing heifers. We jacked a good few of them too, but these animals are all doing fine now,” she said.

Teagasc research has shown that every Caesarean can end up costing the farmer over €700 in dead calves, higher culling rates, lower milk yields, labour, and veterinary costs.

“We cost Caesareans at six hours in labour for the farmer and a minimum of €160 for the vet,” said Teagasc geneticist, Donagh Berry.

“We also assume that the cow has a 5pc higher chance of dying, and 25pc more likely to be barren. There’s also the cost of the calf and the loss of 600kg of milk.”

Even calving interventions that don’t require a vet cost farmers dearly.

“What we class as severe assistance by the farmer will result in a 5pc increase in barreness, 50kg less milk and additional hours of labour. That’s going to be close to €150 per cow,” said Mr Berry.

Workload

Doreen Corridan believes that genomic proofs are not as accurate on calving difficulty as other production traits. This may be partly due to the subjective nature of scoring calving difficulty for farmers at a time when they are under severe workload stress.

“Gene Ireland is the only way that we can get accurate information on crucial issues such as calving difficulty and congenital defects,” said Mr Berry.

“It ensures that we have a minimum number of animals in commercial situations where the farmer has no vested interest in playing with the figures.”

Ms Corridan’s advice for farmers is never to use a bull on maiden heifers that has a calving difficulty index of more than 2pc, or a calving index reliability that is lower than 90pc.

“Yes, you are compromising your genetic gain, but at least you are guaranteeing that your heifers survive into cows.

“A lot of Teagasc advisors were mating genomic bulls with maiden heifers. Both they, and some farmers, need to cool the jets on the chase for elite EBI calves,” she said.

Source: Independent.ie

Arm Chair Quarterbacks, Monday Night Football and Tuesday Morning Genomics

If you were the coach of an NFL football team, would you  select your players based solely on  looking at them or would you want to see their performance statistics, in order to decide how to assemble the best team possible?  That is the question that Don Bennink (Read more: NORTH FLORIDA HOLSTEINS. Aggressive, Progressive and Profitable!!) asked at the recent genomics conference.  (Read more. Genetics in the Age of Genomics – Seminar Recordings and Recap) While it’s a pretty simple question, it may forever change the way you make your mating decisions.

For generations, we have all been taught to look at a cow the same way, and that’s the way we continue to teach the next generation to look at dairy cows today.  But just because that is the way it has always been done, does not mean that we have been doing it correctly.  We all start out learning the parts of the dairy cow and have learned the same way as we always have on how to evaluate cows.  In fact, one major publication did seven editions in a row about how to evaluate cows, and each one presented the same way it’s been done for generations.  It doesn’t seem to matter that evaluating type or conformation has been proven not to be the most accurate way to determine longevity (Read more: She ain’t pretty she just milks that way).

For years, it has been assumed that, if a cow had “high type” and lots of production, she was the perfect cow.  But we all know that perfect cows don’t always exist (Read more: The Perfect Holstein Cow).   Nevertheless, we have bred for these two key areas: high type and lots of production.  We totally disregarded that we did not make substantial gains in profitability.  And, furthermore, herd life actually decreased, even though we all bought into to the theory that a high type cow is a long lasting cow.  Unfortunately, actual performance data shows that, as we bred for this the cows were actually lasting less time than before.   In fact mortality rates increased; conception decreased and the number of lactations that most cows lasted decreased.

Through the years, the use of high production and low fertility bulls has actually decreased overall herd conception rates.  Don points out that when he “first started milking cows, and AI was in it’s infancy, farmers up and down the road, had a 60% conception rate. Today people brag if they have a 30% conception rate.”  Don also points out that in 1996, 93.4% of the calves that were born in the US lived, (i.e.  a 6.4% stillborn rate). In 2002, the stillborn rate increased to 11% (i.e. 89% lived) and by 2007, 14% of the dairy calves died at birth. It’s only in more recent years that the industry has acknowledged this trend and has started to put more emphasis on conception and the significant impact it has on profitability.  The reason for this is we put so much emphasis on a two-year-old production that we were killing reproduction.  That is because cows that get back in calf regularly drop in production because they have to use some of their energy to support the development of their calves.  So the sires that gave the maximum amount of milk were also the sires who had the lowest conception rates.  We all know that a cow that is milking hard is the hardest cow to get back in calf.  No matter what their conformation.

The thing is that we have the systems and technology to make the changes we need to make for the future.  As Don points out, we don’t need to go to the 125-year old technology of type evaluation to solve this problem.  Instead of having to use theory to predict longevity, we can actually measure productive life through the actual length in months that cows last in herds compared to their herd mates. We don’t need type evaluation to guess who will last longer; we have the actual information. We have the ability to see just which cows will last longer, not from trying to figure out what type trait links best to longevity.  We have actual longevity data, SCS, fertility, conception, still births, etc.

We are all armchair quarterbacks.  We are all willing to second guess the mating decisions of others after the fact. The challenge is that, with the technology we have available today, we don’t have to do as much second guessing as in the past.  Tools like genomics and new performance data such as DPR, Still Birth Rate, and Productive Life tell us everything we need to make an informed decision.  Don asks, “Can you just pick the perfect team by just looking at your players? Or would it  help to know which players have drug issues, which ones will end up in jail, which ones will last a full season, and which quarterbacks can actually complete a pass, or know how many sacks your linebackers have made in the past.  As a coach, you want all this data to choose your team.  Well we are not coaches we are dairy farmers, and we make our money milking cows. Don’t you want that data on your animals? Or are you just going to keep looking at them and think that you can guess which ones could perform?”

In today’s day and age, we not only have traits that are more directly connected to longevity than type evaluation, we also have genomic testing that can more accurately predict  what sires and cows will last longer. Every Tuesday we now receive genomic predictions on animals.  We don’t need  to wait till  for a quarterly classification visit, that may or may not catch a cow on her best day, to evaluate what we think from  looking at her is the probability that she will last more lactations.  We can actually get much more accurate data at a younger age on how long she will stay in the herd.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Sometimes it can be hard to change the way we have always played the game.  When something has been done for generations, there will always be those who are resistant to change.  However, the industry has changed and the amount of information available today to make mating decisions is light years ahead of what it was just a few years ago.  The game is changing, and you need to change what you base your breeding decisions on. .  The best coaches and quarterbacks make their decisions based on performance data, not on hypothesis. Genomics has helped take away the guessing game.  We can now know at a very young age, what the genetic potential of that calf is.  We can make better decisions faster.  In the past art and practical knowledge was what drove mating decisions.  However, today’s breeding world calls for a different approach.  It takes a level of focus and commitment, and it’s a business.  It is just like football, where the coaches now use all the information possible to decide what players to put on the field and how to use those players for the big game on Monday nights.  Tools like genomics have changed the game forever.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

Genomic Testing – Are You Missing Out?

When The Bullvine mentions genomic testing to production oriented breeders, we frequently get the reaction “Oh, that’s just for herds that sell high priced animals. I focus on running a profitable milking operation. I don’t need to spend money on testing my animals.” Well, in fact, that is not an accurate assessment of the benefits available from using this tool at the present time. If you are among those not using genomics, Stop Procrastinating! It is a tool that everyone breeding their herd to improve it genetically should not be without.

Only Very Moderate Uptake – So Far

Currently, there is an 8% uptake of genomic testing of all Holstein heifer calves. The total is less in other breeds. We have barely scratched the surface.  Half a century ago, official milk recording was at the same low level. Today it is recognized as a much-needed toll both on-farm and in the national herd. Obviously the question that breeders need answers to is ‘How will I benefit from genomic testing all my heifer calves?

Known Benefits

Much has been written about benefits and opportunities available to breeders who are submitting samples for DNA testing. Those range from selecting the best mates for your females, … to parentage verification, … to how to manage your heifer herd, … to deciding which heifers to breed and which ones to cull or implant, … to polled or not polled, …to finding the genetic outlier of an individual mating, …to an aid in marketing heifers in sales.

Just recently Holstein USA and Zetas launched an exciting service called Enlight. Breeders that submit their samples to Zoetis can through Holstein USA’s website summarize and analyze their heifers for their genetic qualities. This is the first, and no doubt other breeds will establish similar services in the future. Breeding to get the genetics that work best for you and then managing them in the best way possible is definitely important.

At the industry level, genomic testing has also proven beneficial. Alta Genetics, a few years ago, working with large herds in the USA, parentage verified all young sire daughters. It was a significant step forward in accuracy of sire proofs so they could guarantee their product to their customers. Companies like Zoetis and Neogen initiated genomic testing services so they could help producers and also as complementary to their other products. A.I companies have been able to restrict their young sires sampled to only top genomically evaluated young sires, thereby saving millions for themselves by not sampling the bottom enders and millions for breeders that did not have to raise, calve in and milk the lower genetic merit daughters of the bottom end bulls. All of these benefits are leading to cost savings in the hundreds of millions of dollars.

However six years into using genomics we are only starting to reap the rewards.

Genomics Will Make the Future Brighter

Breeders often mention that they want sires to use and females in their herd that are superior to what is available today for traits that are difficult or impossible to measure. Here are some thoughts and facts that may help breeders to decide to use genomic testing so they can have animals that are even more profitable than their herd is today. It does however require that genomic testing becomes routine (Read more: Why 84% of Dairy Breeders Will Soon Be Using Genomic Sires!).

Heifers:

Investigation, at the farm level, is being done in beef heifers on growth rates, diets tailored to genotype, immunity to common diseases and age at first estrus. The results of those studies will be able to be applied to dairy heifers since little similar research is being conducted for dairy heifers. Already breeders can test for the genetically inferior heifers, so they do not need to be raised. Up to $500 per heifer in rearing cost could be saved by having the retained heifers calving by 22 months of age.  Remember that it is age at first estrus that is important, for which we have very limited farm data. First breeding depends on a breeding actually occurring.  With heifers genotyped and selected for first estrus significant savings will be possible.

Feed Efficiency:

Two major research projects, one in USA and The Netherlands and one in Australia and New Zealand, will identify the cows that are genetically more efficient at converting their feed to milk. Within a couple of years, we can expect to see reports relating genomic information to feed efficiency.  This type of research is costly and not currently practical at the farm level, but using research herds this investigation is well underway. Reducing feed costs by 5-10% through genetic selection would result in many millions in savings. That is likely to be crucial to the dairy cattle breeding industry as dairy competes to feed a hungry world. (Read more: Feed Efficiency: The Money Saver and 15 Strength Sires That Will Still Fit In Your Stalls)

Inbreeding:

CDCB already makes available the inbreeding level of genomically tested animals based on their genomic results. No doubt further research results will provide numbers associated with inbreeding. Think about it. In the past the inbreeding level for two full sisters, based on pedigree, has been considered the same. However, by using their genomic profiles the level of inbreeding can be much more accurately known for each sister. A recent report from CDN, for the time period 2010 to 2013, shows that inbreeding rates are increasing not decreasing. Even though breeders are aware that inbreeding is a negative to future profit, they continue using fewer sire lines. More in-depth study of presence or absence of genes that negatively affect the viability of our cattle take time. Why do we always expect someone else to take responsibility for the level and rates of inbreeding? (Read more: 6 Steps to Understanding & Managing Inbreeding in Your Herd and Stop Talking About Inbreeding…)

Disease Resistance:

The list is long on diseases that breeders want their animals to be resistant to. Many research projects are underway to relate the genotype to particular types of mastitis, respiratory diseases, wasting diseases and even production limiting diseases like milk fever. CDN and Canadian milk recording agencies have been capturing field data for a number of years now on eight production limiting diseases. In time, the relationships between genetic lines and these diseases will be better-known. So that selection can be carried out to avoid problem bloodlines. When more animals are genomically tested, and bloodlines prone to diseases are identified great steps forward will be able to be made. It takes considerably more than 8% of the population genomically tested to move breeding for disease resistance to reality. (Read more:  Genomics – Opportunity is Knocking)

Reproduction:

Failure to get animals to show good heats, to produce good oocytes and conceive when bred is the leading frustration on most dairy farms. The role that genetics plays in that frustration is now receiving attention by many researchers and organizations. In the past, the capturing of useful data to do genetic analysis relative to reproduction has been a significant problem. The relating of genomic results to reproduction holds out considerable hope. Early embryonic death, haplotypes that negatively impact reproduction, genetic difference between animals for cystic ovaries and many more are all areas of concern for breeders. Once again both genomic and on-farm data are needed to move forward. (Read more: 10 things dairies with great reproduction do right and Are Your Genetics Wasting Feed and Labor?)

Misconception:

I hear breeders say “Genomic indexes are just like production indexes.” However, that is not so. There are genomic indexes for production traits, conformation traits and management traits. Genomics is a dynamic science. It is best if breeders know not only the genomic values for the animals currently in their herds but also their ancestors. To build the genomic history for a herd necessitates that testing start as soon as possible. Genomics is a tool every breeder will benefit from using no matter what their selection goals are. (Read more: Better Decision Making by Using Technology and FACT VS. FANTASY: A Realistic Approach to Sire Selection)

In Another World

Outside the world of dairy cattle but totally related to DNA analysis, there is a study just under way in the United Kingdom, where 100,000 people with cancer or rare diseases are being genotyped to better understand people’s ability to avoid or resist cancer and disease. One of the terms used in the news release was that before there was DNA profiling this work would not have been possible. Relating that back to dairy cattle, if we do not have the DNA information for animals we will be limited in our ability to eliminate deleterious genes from our cattle.

Will Genomic Testing Pay?

The question for breeders appears to have been one of cost – benefit. “What will I get for the fifty dollar cost of doing a low-density test?”  The fact is that, to date, milk producers have not taken the opportunity for more rapid genetic advancement by testing all their heifers. However, the tide is about to change. With new information coming out almost weekly on how the genetic (aka genomic) make-up of an animal relates to profitability, breeders without genomic information on their herd will not be in a position to know which sires to use or how to manage or feed their animals. Genomic testing needs to be viewed as an investment rather than a cost. Invest $50 shortly after birth to save hundreds over the cow’s lifetime.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Every journey requires that a first step be taken. The first step is that breeders submit samples for DNA analysis. Every breeder will benefit by knowing the genomics of their herd. No doubt the cost of testing will come down as more breeders participate.  Future success in dairying will require genomic testing, just as current success depends on capturing and using performance information. Are you prepared for using genomic information to assist in creating your future success in dairying?


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

Proper Use of Genomic Evaluations

Over the past 5 years, genomic evaluations have been the hot topic for dairy cattle genetics.  Yes, the technology is exciting.  However, any new technology typically receives undue hype after its launch and unrealistic predictions of impact are promoted.  The initial period of unwarranted hype about a new technology is usually followed by a time of reflection, which in turn is followed by periods of disillusionment and, eventually, proper implementation of the new technology.

Definitely, genomic evaluations of dairy cattle have been the topic of considerable hype and, perhaps, unrealistic expectations have been nurtured by some.  Let’s face it – the potential positive impact of a new technology is likely to be emphasized and the potential downsides are likely to be glossed over.  So, where are we on the hype/reflection/disillusionment/proper adoption path in regard to genomic evaluations?  Probably, somewhere between reflection and disillusionment, but proper adoption will be the next step.

Reliability versus Accuracy

An overriding problem is interpretation of the “accuracy” of genomic evaluations.  How is “accuracy” measured?  Well, most would say by the reliability published alongside each genomic PTA (transmitting ability) for an individual trait or for an index that combines traits into a single value (such as Net Merit).  However, are reliability and accuracy the same thing?  No, they are not!

Accuracy has a specific statistical (scientific) meaning in addition to an intuitive meaning.  Accuracy is a measure of the confidence range around a PTA – say, plus or minus 200 lb of milk or plus or minus $50 for Net Merit.  Mathematically, accuracy for genetic evaluations is calculated as the square root of reliability.  To put this into perspective, we will compare reliability versus accuracy alongside their corresponding confidence range for Net Merit for the four types of genetic evaluations of bulls – Parent Average (average of the PTA of his two parents), genomic test, first-crop daughters, fully proven (thousands of daughters in hundreds of herds).  We will use a confidence range of 68% (which means there is about a two-thirds chance the eventual Net Merit of a bull will fall within the range).

The reliability of the genetic evaluations for Net Merit of most Holstein A.I. bulls is about 38% (Parent Average), 70% (genomic test), 85% (first-crop daughters), 99% (fully proven).  These reliabilities suggest the result of a genomic test almost doubles the genetic knowledge known about a young bull without daughters.  However, that is NOT the case.  The accuracy of the genetic evaluations for Net Merit associated with those four levels of reliability are 62% (Parent Average), 84% (genomic test), 92% (first-crop daughters), and 99% (fully proven).

Use of accuracy instead of reliability demonstrates the gain in genetic knowledge when going from Parent Average to genomic testing isn’t as large as reliability leads one to conclude.  The truth is Parent Average is a fairly good predictor (but far from perfect) of eventual PTA for traits of bulls or females.  Yes, genomic testing provides improvement in accuracy over Parent Average, but it doesn’t provide the extent of improvement that some have suggested – certainly not, “a doubling of knowledge”.  Most people in the dairy industry are likely unaware that reliability and accuracy are different measures and reporting of reliability exaggerates the increase of genetic knowledge when moving from Parent Average to fully proven status for bulls.

Reliability, accuracy, and 68% confidence range for Net Merit of Holstein bulls
Type of evaluation Reliability Accuracy Confidence range
  (%) (%) ($Net Merit)
Parent Average 38 62 ±157
Genomic 70 84 ±110
First-crop daughters 85 92   ±77
Fully proven 99 99   ±20

Over-Evaluation of Highest Ranking Individuals

The greatest frustration has been the over-evaluation of highest-ranking young bulls by genomic testing.  This upward bias of PTA for highest-ranking bulls is now well-documented by both researchers and A.I. organizations.  The extent of this upward bias has been estimated by some to be at least $150 for the Net Merit index and 200 for the TPI index of Holstein USA.  The upward bias is more pronounced if the PTA of the sire of a young bull is also genomic-only (no daughters contributing to the sire’s PTA).

Consequently, most in the dairy industry recommend separate rankings of proven bulls (with daughters) versus genomic-only bulls (no daughters), because the genomic-only bulls are more likely to drop for PTA than bulls with daughters contributing to PTA.  Definitely, when genomic-only bulls are selected for use in a herd, a group of them should be used to spread the risk over a larger number of bulls.  Proven bulls can be used with more confidence in regard to potential changes of PTA.

Genomic testing of heifers

Some that provide advice to dairy producers recommend genomic testing of all heifers to determine which surplus heifers to sell or to breed to beef bulls.  However, routine genomic testing of all heifers in commercial settings should be given very careful consideration prior to implementation.  It’s important to keep in mind environmental influences, in addition to genetics, are large on the eventual performance of heifers as cows.  For example, differences of heifers due to respiratory illness that causes lung damage, the lack of growth, and structural deficiencies could easily overcome differences for genomic test results versus Parent Average.  Also, daughters of genomic-only bulls are more prone to changes of their genomic test results over time compared to daughters of proven bulls with daughters contributing to their genetic evaluations.                      

Source:      University of Minnesoa

Why 84% of Dairy Breeders Will Soon Be Using Genomic Sires!

There are certainly breeders who are not fans of Genomics and the heavy use of high index genomic young sires. Yet genomic sires now account for 50% of semen sales. That leads me to propose that genomics will soon be used by 84% of the breeders in the world.

330px-Diffusion_of_ideas.svg[1]The reason for this has nothing to do with the merits of genomic sires versus proven sires. Rather it has to do with the historical patterns of adoption of new technologies.  The theory behind this is called the Diffusion of Innovations.  According to this theory, consumers differ in their readiness and willingness to adopt new technology.  There are the innovators (2.5 percent of the population), the early adopters (13.5 percent), the early majority (34 percent), the late majority (34 percent), and the laggards (16 percent), who are also the people who still don’t have cell phones or who are not on Facebook.

As far as genomics goes, we have seen that it has followed this same pattern.  When genomics was introduced, there was a small percentage of breeders who were so excited about the technology, or technology in general, which started using genomic sires instantly.  These were the innovators in the dairy breeding marketplace.  Since the information was not publically available and held by the A.I. centers, this uptake was very restricted.  Then came the public introduction of genomics and the early adopters started using it.    For a little while after that genomics seemed to stall.  While there was 16% of the marketplace that was excited about Genomics and the possibilities that it held, the majority of breeders were not convinced.  They had skepticism about whether genomics would work and if they should be using this new technology in their breeding programs.  Regardless, the momentum started to grow.

Malcolm Gladwell describes this point, after early adoption, as “The Tipping Point” in his titled bestselling book of the same name.  It’s at this point that it is determined whether something will spread like wildfire or sputter and fade into oblivion.  Gladwell’s central argument is that there are actually a number of patterns and factors that are at play. They have an effect in virtually every influential trend, ranging from the spread of communicable diseases to the unprecedented popularity of a particular children’s television show. If you analyze the evolution of any significant phenomenon, Gladwell suggests, you will find that the processes involved are strikingly similar. Based on his in-depth research spanning a number of different fields, industries, and scholarly disciplines, Gladwell identifies three key factors that each play a role in determining whether a particular trend will “tip” into wide-scale popularity or fade. He calls them the Law of the Few, the Stickiness Factor, and the Power of Context.

The following is a closer look at each of these concepts and how they apply to what we have seen in the adoption of Genomics in the Dairy Breeding Industry:

  • The Law of the Few
    Before the tipping point can be reached, a few key types of people must champion an idea, concept, or product, Gladwell describes these key types as Connectors, Salesmen and Mavens. If individuals representing all three of these groups endorse and advocate a new idea, it is much more likely that it will tip into exponential success.  Regarding the use of genomics in the dairy breeding industry, these roles were filled by the large A.I. companies, their salespeople as respected high index breeders.
  • The Stickiness Factor
    This refers to the unique quality that compels a phenomenon to “stick” in the minds of the public and then influences their future behavior. Gladwell defines the Stickiness Factor as the quality that compels people to pay close, sustained attention to a product, concept, or idea. In the dairy industry use of genomics, this was the allure of significantly more accurate genetic evaluations for young animals combined with the ability to dramatically accelerate breeding programs.
  • The Power of Context
    This is enormously important in determining whether a particular phenomenon will tip into widespread popularity. Even minute changes in the environment can play a significant role in the likelihood of a given concept attaining the tipping point. If the environment or historical moment in which a trend is introduced is not right, it is not as likely that the tipping point will be attained. Clearly, in order for a trend to tip into massive popularity, large numbers of people need to embrace it. However, Gladwell points out that certain groups can often be uniquely helpful in achieving the tipping point.  For genomics, commercial dairy producers were that group.   When they started to adopt the use of genomic young sires that marked the point at which genomics fulfilled the three concepts and crossed the tipping point.

After the use of genomic young sires crossed the tipping point, the rate of adoption accelerated to the point where the limiting challenge was not consumer demand, but rather the ability of A.I. companies to supply the semen.   Because young sires produce far less semen than mature proven sires, it is hard for A.I. companies to meet demand.  This has actually led to an increase in the number of young sires being sampled compared to the number that was forecast when genomics was first introduced.   A.I. companies have had to sample more sires than predicted in order to meet the growing demand.  It has also led to a much shorter active use life span for sires than in the past.

The Polled Story

In looking at the three tipping point factors, when applied to the dairy industry, you can see why some trends may not have been adopted as quickly.  An example of this is the use of polled sires.  Polled sires have been around for years but have failed to gain significant traction until recently.  (Read more: Polled Dairy Genetics: The Cold Hard Facts, From the Sidelines to the Headlines, Polled is Going Mainline! and Why Is Everyone So Horny For Polled?) That is because while polled certainly has the concept of the Law of the Few, it has not had the Power of Context.  While there have been significant gains in quality of the polled sires available, adoption will not pass that tipping point until it meets the third concept that Gladwell highlights, which is the Power of Context.  Until there is significant consumer demand that dairy cattle not be dehorned, the use of polled sires will not pass the tipping point.  While there will certainly be polled sires in the top 10 genomic sires within 2-3 years, and proven sires in 5-6 years, polled semen will not account for more than 16% market share until it develops the Power of Context (consumer demand for animal treatment) needed to cross the tipping point.  It’s for that reason that I think that widespread polled semen use will not really take off until 10-12 years from now.  Until then, it will be the domain of the innovators and the early adopters and stay below 16% market share.  In fact, I would argue that it has just recently crossed over in the past couple of years from the innovators to now include the early adopters.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Throughout history, there have been many excellent examples of products or technologies that have failed for a variety of reasons.  Genomics met resistance similar what was faced by artificial insemination in the early days. However, currently genomic usage has crossed the tipping point. It is now inevitable that soon 84% of the dairy breeding industry will be using genomic sires.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

The Genomic Roller Coaster – Hold on it’s going to be a bumpy ride

Since the very first genomic young sire lists were published in April of 2011, it certainly has been a very bumpy ride for the dairy breeding industry.   Top sire lists are changing almost monthly. Contract sires seem to go cold even before breeders have a chance to breed their animals.  This has many breeders feeling dizzy and asking “Does this genomic index thing really work?”

We here at the Bullvine decided to take a closer look.   We took the Top 20 gTPI sires from April of 2011 and compared them to the Top 20 proven sires from April of 2014 to see who performed better over the past three years.  The reason we are using the top 20 sires is that based on semen sales, most breeders, when using high index sires, prefer to stick to the very top of the list.  Therefore, doing a comparison on the top 200 or even 100 sires would not be an accurate representation based on actual usage. The following is what we found.

TABLE 1 – Top Genomic Sires April 2011 to April 2014

GR-Table1a

The top 20 Genomic Sires from April 2011 dropped about 10% upon receiving their official daughter proofs in April 2014.  Key areas that saw significant decline were DPR (57%), PTAF (31%), PTAM (27%), PL (24%) and PTAP (26%).  This tells us that the genomic markers used in April 2011 for these traits were not as accurate as say SCS, SCE, DCE, UDC and PTAT, which saw less significant declines from April 2011 to April 2014.

TABLE 2 – Top Proven Sires April 2011 to April 2014

GR-Table2

On average, the top proven sires from April 2011 held up pretty well on the April 2014 results seeing only 3% decline.  Though interestingly we do see the same trend as in the genomic sires where the PL, DPR, PTAF lead the way with the greatest declines.  Also of interest are the changes in ranking.   In April 2014 the top three sires from this list were Badger-Bluff Fanny Freddie, Regancrest Altaiota, and Lotta-Hill Shottle 41 none of which were in the top 5 in April 2011’s top proven sire list.

TABLE 3 – Comparison of Top Genomic and Proven Sires from April 2011 (April 2014 values)

GR-Table3

If you had used the top 20 genomic sires from April 2011 rather than using the top 20 proven sires from April 2011, you would have come out 3% ahead.   More importantly let’s look at each sire did in the actual ranking.

TABLE 4 – Ranking of Top 20 Genomic and Top 20 Proven Sires from April 2011 in April 2014 values

GR-Table4

Interestingly none of the top 7 sires in April 2014 were from the top 3 on the April 2011 Top Genomic or Top Proven Sires list.  In fact, the top proven sire in April 2014 was Robust, who was 14th on the Top 20 Genomic Sires in April 2011.  The top Genomic Sire from April 2011, Shamrock, is actually in 17th spot on this list. That is more than 200 points behind Robust, who in April 2011 was 169 TPI points behind Shamrock.  That is a 370 point swing between these two sires.  When you think about this from the effects it has on your breeding program, owners of daughters from Ladys-Manor Pl Shamrock, Mr Chassity Gold Chip, and Wabash-Way Explode who once thought they would have the next list toppers for sure. Now they find themselves (on average) behind daughters of Roylane Socra Robust, De-Su 521 Bookem, Sully Altameteor, RMW Armitage, Co-Op Upd Planet Yano, De-Su Observer, UFM-Dubs Sherac, and Vendairy Wonder.   When they were making their mating decisions back in April 2011, breeders thought the first group would surely outperform the second.

Analysis reveals an even more alarming situation than this.   What it shows us is that sires that were not even on the Radar back in April 2011, ended up outperforming the top 20 Genomic sires from April 2011.  In fact, 4 of the 10 sires from April 2011 were not in the top 20 Genomic or Proven Sires in April 2011, and 25 of the top 30 proven sires from April 2014 were not on the top 20 Genomic or Proven Sires lists in April 2011.

TABLE 5 – Top 10 Proven Sires April 2014

GR-Table5

TABLE 6 – Top 40 April 2014 Proven sires that were missed

GR-Table6

While a few of these sires may not have been missed because they   were about to receive their proven daughter proof shortly, the majority fall into a situation where they were just not as high ranking as the top Genomic sires from April 2011 but they held their values much better.

When looking at the 25 sires that were in the top 40 proven sires in April 2014 that did not find themselves in the top 20 Genomic or Proven Sires in April 2011, a strong trend starts to show itself.  All of these sires were within 15% of the top genomic sire from April 2011, Roylane Socra Robust.   This tells us is that you can’t only use the top 10 or 20 genomic sires, if you expect to have the best results in your breeding program.  In fact, you need to consider sires that are within 15% of the top genomic sire. When you compare the top 20 Genomic Sires from April 2011 to these 25 sires you find the following:

TABLE 7 – Comparison of Top 20 Genomic Sires from April 2011 to Missed Sires

GR-Table7

Applying this analysis to today’s breeding strategy shows us that we cannot just use the top 20 Genomic sires that are available, in order to have the best long term results.  Instead, we need to use sires that fall within 15% of the top current genomic sire, Cogent Supershot, who has a current gTPI of +2625.  That means all sires that are 2231 TPI currently could easily be in the top 10 proven sires in April 2017.  That will be a list of sires that has over 600 bulls on it.  Even if you remove the two proven sires (Robust and Dorcy) as well as those sires that are older and about to receive daughter proofs shortly, you are still left with over 500 genomic sires to choose from.  That means that currently there are over 500 genomic sires that could be in the top 10 proven sires in April 2017.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

While many breeders battle to get their hands on the early release semen of the top 10 genomic sires, and A.I. units are putting extremely high prices on this semen, analysis of performance data from the top sires in April 2011 shows us that these sires are not necessarily going to outperform the other available sires.  Breeders who used sires like Ladys-Manor Pl Shamrock, Mr Chassity Gold Chip and Wabash-Way Explode now find themselves behind sires such as Den-K Altagreatest, Pine-Tree Picardus, and Altaceasar.  These were all sires that in April of 2011 were not even on most breeders’ radars.   While genomic indices are an excellent tool for helping develop a short list of sires to use.  Performance data shows us that sires that are within 15% of the genomic sires can still produce a top 10 sire.  For your breeding program, this means that you need to take a look at all sires who are within 15% of the top sires and consider them for use.  This will help you develop your own shortlist, and then using corrective mating tools like GPS (Read more: gPs– Genetic Profile Systems – Dairy Cattle Breeding Made Simple), will help you determine exactly which of these sires will perform best on a mating by mating basis.  You can’t just use the top 20 Genomic Sires and expect to get ahead of everyone else.  Past performance shows this just doesn’t work.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

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Top 200 New Genomic Females For July 2014

Topping the list of the top 200 new genomics females in the USA is S-S-I MONT 8679 10721-ET a BACON-HILL MONTROSS-ET owned by Select Sires Inc.  Also coming out as the top new NM$ daughter is EDG EMLEE FLAME 57856-ET a VIEUXSAULE FLAME-ET daughter owned by Elite Dairy Genomics LLC.

Leading sires of the top 200 are MR WELCOME HILL TANGO-ET (24), VEKIS CHEVROLET-ET (14), COYNE-FARMS JABIR-ET (14), VIEUXSAULE FLAME-ET (13) and COYNE-FARMS JACEY CRI-ET (12).

Top breeders of the top 200 are De Su Holsteins (16), SANDY-VALLEY (15), Elite Dairy Genomics(10), and Bomaz Inc (10).

LotUIPriceNotes
25$265,000 Calbrett Supersire Barb *RDC (GPA LPI +3,386), a Supersire x Rainyridge Super Beth (VG-86 Superstition) x Talent Barbara (EX-95). SOLD BY HOLSTEINWORLD PRODUCTIONS Calbrett Supersire Barb *RDC (GPA LPI +3,386), a Supersire x Rainyridge Super Beth (VG-86 Superstition) x Talent Barbara (EX-95). SOLD BY HOLSTEINWORLD PRODUCTIONS Calbrett Supersire Barb *RDC (GPA LPI +3,386), a Supersire x Rainyridge Super Beth (VG-86 Superstition) x Talent Barbara (EX-95). SOLD BY HOLSTEINWORLD PRODUCTIONS Calbrett Supersire Barb *RDC (GPA LPI +3,386), a Supersire x Rainyridge Super Beth (VG-86 Superstition) x Talent Barbara (EX-95). SOLD BY HOLSTEINWORLD PRODUCTIONS
1$125,000 Calbrett Goldwyn Layla (EX 95), 1st Mature Cow and Grand Champion of the 2013 Ontario Summer Show. Out of Lylehaven Lila Z (EX
24$75,000 Rainyridge Super Beth *RDC (VG 86 2y), a Superstition x Talent Barbara (EX
55$33,500 Flower Brook Gyna
82$30,500 Blondin Desty Sally-Red (VG-87 2y), 2nd Int. R&W calf at the Royal in 2011, 6th Sr. 2-year-old at Ontario Summer Show 2013. Shes out of Talent Salena (VG-89) x R Marker Supra (VG-89) x Skychief Supra (EX-93). Sold open, ready to flush or breed.
23$18,500 The 2nd 4-year-old at Ontario Summer Show 2013, Calbrett Airraid Lu (VG-89, 91MS), x Goldwyn Lyndsey (VG-87 2y) x Lila Z (EX-94). Sold open, ready to flush or breed.
89$15,500 Calbrett Redliner Surprise, a red and white summer yearling for 2013 x Apple Superb (VG-86) then Blondin Redman Sesame (VG-85) x R Marker Supra (VG-89). She was the 2nd summer yearling in the Ontario Summer Show 2013 (in B&W show).
30$15,500 Tolamika Goldwyn Madeline (VG 89 3y), the Res. All
2$13,100
53$12,500
4$11,200 Three Windhammer Dec. calves out of Goldwyn Layla (EX 95) sold.
20$11,000 A VG-86 Goldwyn x Lila Z (EX-94), fresh Oct. 1, 2012, and currently on a flush program. Sold open and ready to flush.
62$11,000
101$10,700
11$10,000 A November Numero Uno x Goldwyn Layla (EX 95) x Lila Z (EX
45$9,500 A fancy Sept. Sid calf x Goldwyn Breezy (VG 87 2y) x Champion Budgee (EX
19$9,100 A 9/2012 Aftershock from Lila Z (EX 94) herself!
3$9,000
56$9,000 The 3rd place Jr. 3 year
6$9,000 Three Epic October calves sold from Goldwyn Layla (EX 95) x Lila Z (EX
18$8,200
61$8,200
17$8,200 Four May Mascalese heifers sold by Goldwyn Layla (EX 95) x Lila Z (EX
42$8,000
78$7,500 A polled Goldwyn 8/2012 heifer out of Golden Oaks Peach
26$7,000
33$7,000 A group of 3 March calf full sisters to Goldwyn Madeline (Lot 30) sold.
83$6,900 A March 2013 Larson x Sally Red. SOLD BY HOLSTEINWORLD PRODUCTIONS
7$6,600
86$6,400 Three Dec. Acme calves from Sally-Red.
9$6,200
22$6,100
16$5,500
12$5,300
14$5,300 Two December Alexander heifers sold by Goldwyn Layla (EX 95) x Lila Z (EX
58$5,200 An Atwood x Esteem Kael YN (VG-89 3y) x Karleen Champion (VG-88)
39$5,200 A VG 87 Man
29$5,100 Lexis Champion Magnificent (VG 89 4y), the dam of Lots 30
10$5,000
37$5,000 Calbrett Manoman Brandy, a Man-O-Man out of Ben-I-Q Champion Bally (EX-95) x Braedale Baler Twine herself! She sold fresh 5/23.
36$4,900 Gen I
38$4,700 Calbrett Manoman Bailee sold fresh 7/2 from Bally (EX-95) x Baler Twine. 94).
50$4,700
76$4,700 94) herself, Layla sold open ready to flush or breed.
77$4,700 Canadian & Res. All American 2010, out of Lexis Champion Magnificent (VG 89 4y). Madeline was also 2nd Jr. 3 year old at BC Spring Show 2012.
13$4,700
15$4,500
8$4,300
31$4,200
68$4,200
60$4,100
75$4,100
70$4,000
59$3,900
21$3,700
79$3,600
51$3,500
32$3,400
71$3,300
88$3,300 Red, a Contender x Advent Gia (EX 90) x Lyster Goofy (EX 90) x Milan Gabrielle (EX 93). She was Jr. Champ. RendezVous R&W 2012 and 1st summer yearling R&W at the Royal in 2012. Sold fresh July 25.
5$3,200
63$3,200
64$3,200
85$3,200 Q Champion Bally (EX 95, 96MS) sold. She was the Res. All Canadian Jr. 3 Yr. Old in 2007, Res. Grand Champ. Expo Quebec in 2009, and Res. Int. Champ. ON Summer Show 2007. Her dam is Baler Twine (VG 86), the mother of Goldwyn. She sold with a #1 Numero Uno (sexed IVF) embryo.
99$3,200
40$3,100
41$3,100
67$3,100
28$3,000
66$3,000
72$3,000 35A. She’s from Magical Leduc (VG 85) x Mark Cathy (EX CAN).
100$3,000 O Man x Duplex Bassy (VG 85) x Champion Bally (EX 95), she sold fresh Dec. 2012. Bred July 22 to McCutchen.
84$2,900 94).
90$2,800
91$2,800
80$2,700
93$2,700
94$2,700
54$2,500 P * RDC polled (VG 85 2y) x Perk Rae Red (EX 90) x Beauty Rae (EX 90). Tested *BYC.
49$2,400
92$2,400 95). She has 2 sons in AI and 2 Numero Uno daughters have sold for $46,000 and $64,000 in 2013, both over 2,400 GTPI. Sold open, ready to flush. SOLD BY HOLSTEINWORLD PRODUCTIONS
69$2,300
55A$2,300 Calbrett Larson Gia, Gyna’s July calf by Larson. 94).
46$2,100
65$2,000 87 2y)
74$2,000
48$1,600 old at the Ontario Summer Show 2013 sold, Holywell Atwood pocket (VG 87 2y). She’s an Atwood x Pronto Pocket (VG 87) x Lyster Polly (EX 94) x Progress Polly (VG 94) x Progress Polly (VG 88). She sold confirmed safe in calf with a Windbrook heifer due 12/1/13.
47$1,550 04).
52$1,550
50A$1,050 92) x Allen Bridget (VG 87).
58A$1,000
8A$800
29E-12 & 13-$325 x 12
29E-9 & 10-$225 x 11Lauthority x Magnificent embryos
82E-3$800 x 5
82E-1$800 x 5Colt P embryos from Blondin Destry Sally Red (VG
82E-2$800 x 5Colt P x Sally Red
20E-2$750 x 55 McCutchens from Lot 20 (above).
20E$700 x 55 Unos from Lot 20 (above).
23E$575 x 44 Numero Uno embryos from Lot 23.
96E$575 x 4
23E-2$550 x 5
30E$450 x 66 Uno embryos from Lot 30.
23E-3$450 x 55 McCutchen embryos from Lot 23
26E$425 x 6
56E$425 x 5
29E-3 & 4$400 x 8Bolton x Magnificent embryos
42E$400 x 33 #1 Sid embryos from Lot 42.
34-35-35A $4,400 x 3 A group of 3 June calf full sisters to Goldwyn Madeline (Lot 30).
82E-4$375 x 4Larson x Sally Red
82E-5$350 x 2
29E-2$325 x 7Fever x Magnificent embryos
29E-1$325 x 6Fever x Magnificent embryos
95E$325 x 6
43E & 44E$300 x 1010 Uno embryos from Lot 42.
98E$275 x 2
29E-7$250 x 5Lauthority x Magnificent embryos
29E-11$250 x 5Sid x Magnificent embryos
27E$250 x 5
97E$250 x 4
29E-5 & 6$250 x 10Lauthority x Magnificent embryos
46E$225 x 6
29E-8$225 x 5Lauthority x Magnificent embryos
47E$200 x 2
 

Provided by Holstein Association USA
* GTPI is a Service Mark of Holstein Association USA

Heifer Genomics and Lactation Performance: Are They Related?

Over the past few years, we’ve seen many examples of the benefits of genomics on the sire side. Quantifying the advantages of genomic selection on the female side has been slower, primarily due to the cautious adoption of the technology at the herd level. Of the registered Holstein heifers born in Canada in 2013, less than 5% were genotyped. On the other hand, CDN projections show that uptake could increase to surpass the 18% mark by year 2020.

With genomic testing, producers have the opportunity to improve the genetic potential of their herd and decrease costs. This can be done by capitalizing on the herd’s best genetics through the use of sexed semen, flushing or IVF, or by selling the bottom end, breeding them with beef semen or using them as recipients.

Genomic Tested Heifers and First Lactation Performance

Does a heifer’s first genomic prediction provide enough information about future performance to allow confidence in selection and culling decisions at an early age? To answer this question, we examined three Canadian commercial herds that extensively genotyped heifers born in 2011. These animals were chosen since they have had the chance to complete their first lactation and be type classified.

Graph 1 compares the first genomic evaluation for milk yield (GPA Milk) after being genotyped as a heifer calf to the subsequent first lactation 305-day milk production. In total, the chart includes 305 cows born in 2011 from the three herds. Average 305-day milk yield was highest for Herd A, followed by Herd B, and was the lowest for Herd C. In general, within all three herds, the higher the GPA Milk as a heifer calf, the higher the first lactation 305-day milk yield as a cow. This clearly demonstrates the usefulness of genomic evaluations for heifers as a tool for identifying the animals that will perform better in your herd as a cow.

First Lactation Milk Yield versus Genomic

Graph 1 also shows the equations for predicting the first lactation 305-day milk yield in kilograms based on the genomic evaluation as a heifer. While the prediction is not perfect, on average 1 kg increase in GPA Milk resulted in a first lactation milk yield gain of 1.2 to 1.5 kg, depending on the herd. This exceeds the expectation of one kg milk yield per one kg of GPA Milk and presumably results from appropriate management in each herd. The actual yield per kg GPA Milk can be used to gauge whether the management level in a given herd is fully taking advantage of the herd’s genetic potential. If the management level wasn’t taking full advantage of the herd’s genetic potential, we’d expect the actual ratio of milk yield to GPA Milk to be less than one.

GPA LPI and First Lactation Performance

Is a higher genomic evaluation as a heifer calf associated with better first lactation performance? To answer this question the three herds studied above were analyzed separately and their data was subsequently combined to create Table 1. In total, 284 animals with a lactation and classification in first lactation were included in the analysis. These animals were divided into four groups of 71 cows based on their genomic evaluation for LPI as a heifer (GPA LPI). Table 1 compares the actual first lactation performance for production and type for the highest versus the lowest 25% of these animals based on GPA LPI.

The heifers that ranked within the top 25% for GPA LPI in their herd performed better in first lactation on nearly all accounts relative to the bottom quartile. As cows, the heifers that were in the top quartile for GPA LPI produced more milk, fat and protein, and scored higher at first classification for final score, mammary system and feet & legs than those in the bottom quartile. Categorizing heifers into the top and bottom quartiles based on their genomic LPI resulted in no significant difference in the average somatic cell count as cows in first lactation.

Average first lactation performance for the top and bottom 25% for GPA LPI as a heifer

What Does This Tell Us?

These findings validate that heifer calf genomic evaluations can be an indicator of future performance. In addition, they confirm that genotyping heifer calves at a young age can provide producers with useful information for making selection and culling decisions. Lastly, these results show that genomic LPI values for heifers can be used as primary selection criteria as they are related to first lactation performance for both production and conformation traits.
Authors: Lynsay Beavers and Brian Van Doormaal, CDN
Date: May 2014

Genomic testing: Feeding the world with profitable cows

The dairy industry has greatly evolved over the years with necessity-driven innovation. In order to be efficient in feeding a growing world, it has to.

Dairy producers have to find ways to excel faster and further than they ever have before. Genomic testing, one of the fastest and most powerful breeding tools we have today, does just that.

Genomic testing is no longer a new tool in the dairy industry. However, the innovations for applying this tool are continuing to be discovered at a rapid pace. The practicality and economic logic for utilizing genomic evaluations in commercial female settings is real.

We know more than we ever have about the bovine genome. Even better, we know how to utilize the data for improved profitability and efficiency. Genomic testing is a powerful management tool for realizing maximum gain for return on investment of herd replacements.

The need to increase production efficiency with technology innovation
The agriculture industry needs to continue striving for innovation to meet the nutritional needs of a growing population and increase the average life span with fewer natural resources.

If producers can’t grow larger due to limited space and resources within an operation, they need to strive for efficiency. Growing profitability from a genetics standpoint in replacement heifer groups is one of the most efficient places to experience this gain.

Genetic innovation for increased efficiency within the dairy industry will continue to grow in importance. Genomic-testing calves before making a large initial investment to raise them for replacements reduces resource spending on predicted unproductive cows. Genomic evaluations are a predictive tool for screening herd productivity for the type of cows who will be entering a farmer’s parlor as 2-year-olds.

Applications today in large herds
Since the introduction of genomic evaluations, the Holstein breed has seen an increase of about $80 per year in average net merit value. According to Dr. Paul VanRaden of USDA/AIPL, at the 2014 Advancing Dairy Cattle Genetics: Genomics and Beyond Conference, an increase of $90 per year is realistic.

This expeditious advancement is an example of how powerful the shorter generation interval is at creating higher-profit animals. The female side of genetics has truly had the most benefit from genomic testing technology.

Producers are now able to be more selective for genetics with higher reliability in their replacement heifers, instead of primarily relying on sire selection for genetic advancement.

Producers who are expanding through purchasing large groups of replacement heifers with limited record availability on the group can use the predictive power of genomic testing to obtain a more accurate idea of the type of heifers they are bringing home.

Even if heifers have some pedigree information available, genomic evaluations combined with pedigree information is a much higher reliability prediction of the group’s performance. In addition, a farmer can receive parentage verification for more accurate parent average ranking, genomic inbreeding values and identification of expensive genetic recessive carriers.

Accelerate genetic progress from the female side of your herd with genomic evaluations for breeding program decisions. Depending on your annual needed replacement rate, the cost of testing all or the majority of heifers born can be economically justified from the gain in genetic value and lifetime profitability.

The heifers in a herd are going to be the most genetically valuable animals in a herd because they are one generation further along in progress.

Pre-screening for future high-performing cows gives the ability to shorten the generation interval in your herd with heifer donor selection for ET or IVF procedures. Creating more replacements from the highest heifers in the herd will drastically increase the average genetic value of replacements in just one generation.

Other breeding program strategies include using sexed semen on the top genetically elite heifers to increase the number of future replacement heifers from these higher heifers, culling heifers with lower predicted performance or breeding them with beef semen.

Mating decisions for heifers can be made more accurately using genomic evaluations in sire selection. This data will be more reliable and predictive than solely using pedigree information.

It will also be a stronger line of defense for protecting against potential inbreeding losses. The genomic inbreeding value will be a true measure of how much gene relatedness is in the animal’s DNA.

Testing animals as carriers for expensive recessives and fertility haplotypes will give farmers a better tool to manage the frequency of these genetics in their herd.

It is more genetically efficient to manage the use of carrier sires who do offer profitable mating matches in females than to completely avoid these sires. Genetics can advance aggressively but still protect for recessive dangers.

Managing recessive carriers through a mating program that will protect against two known carriers allows safe use of elite sires who are carriers of the fertility haplotypes.

Herds do not need to completely avoid profitable matings with a particular sire because he is a carrier – but simply to identify and eliminate matings between two carriers. The benefit from reducing losses in abortions and shortening days open intervals would be a high-realized gain from genomic evaluations on replacement heifers.

Ancestor recovery will help producers with data management, which in turn will help them to more correctly identify heifers they believe to be elite based off of pedigree and dam performance compared to herdmates.

The larger a herd, the more calves being born each day and the greater the opportunity for calves to be misidentified at birth. According to VanRaden, more than 50,000 misidentified sires were discovered in genomic sample submissions in 2013.

Applications tomorrow in novel traits
Researchers and academia are pushing forward with hopes of discovering genetic correlation to dairy cattle health traits that will be applicable in everyday herd management. The subjectivity of categorizing health events is the major challenge in advancing these efforts. In order to collect and utilize data from on-farm health events, systems for standardization across the industry need to be established.

The health traits currently in the midst of being researched include a high health immune response for reliability in disease immunity and hoof health traits. Other novel health traits being developed for genetic correlation include a feed efficiency index, heat stress measurement and methane emissions.

As with all new technologies, it takes time to adapt management styles to utilize that information for increased overall herd profitability. The tool will continue to be developed upon and more unrealized potentials for utilizing genomic evaluations on modern, commercial operations will be released.

The dream cow can easily become reality
Writing up a wish list for a producer’s made-to-order ideal cow is easy. A group of moderate-statured, highly productive, feed-efficient cows with sound feet and legs, as well as trouble-free health, paints a general picture of a profitable barn in any region of the U.S.

However, actually, making that dream cow a reality takes a little longer than ordering your next piece of custom equipment. However, thanks to genomics and research efforts, the dairy industry will continue making steps in the right direction at a faster pace with a focus on the commercial producer’s ideal barn cow.

Written By: Mandy Brazil, Program Services Coordinator at Accelerated Genetics

The Genetic “SUPER COW” – Myth vs Reality

During the recent “Advancing Dairy Cattle Genetics: Genomics and Beyond”,  Paul VanRaden with USDA’s Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory pointed out that “If we took the best haplotypes (genes) from all the cows genomic tested to date, we would have a cow at $7515 Net Merit”.  That’s pretty spectacular considering the current top Sire on the $NM list is DE VOLMER DG SUPERSHOT at 1000 $NM.

Now to put that into perspective the current rate of gain is $80 per year.  So in order to breed that $7515 animal it would take us 81 years to actually breed that animal.  Therefore it raises the question whether such an animal is actually achievable and is there technology out there that could accelerate the process of getting that Super Cow.

Genomics_Workshop_vanraden-3

The interesting fact here is the greatly accelerated rate of genetic gain since the introduction of genomics.  This results for the most part from the greatly shortened generation interval.  Females are now being used as bull mothers 18 months sooner than in the past (as yearlings vs mid 1st lactation), and sires of sons are now being used 24 and sometime 36 months sooner than they were in the past.  (Genomic indexes vs waiting for proven sires).  The almost 40% increase in reliability of estimated transmitting ability has breeders and AI companies contracting and working with these elite animals at a significantly younger age.

An interesting comparison is found by taking the top 8 proven sires from April 2010 and comparing them to the top 8 genomic sires from April 2010 with their current daughter proofs.  You see that the genomic sires are 99 $NM (704 vs 605) higher than the proven sires.  These top genomic sires, that have been heavily used as sires of sons, are 16% higher than if we had used their proven counterparts from the same time.

Genomics_Workshop_vanraden-10

Genomics_Workshop_vanraden-11

This reminded me of a discussion stemming from an article we wrote over a year ago, “Are You Ready For Genetically Modified Cattle?”.  We discussed about how many larger and larger corporations are entering the dairy genetics marketplace and the fact that technology is advancing at such a rate that some time in the not so distant future it will be possible to take the best haplotypes in the Holstein population and produce progeny that would have an estimated breeding value of $7515 as VanRaden proposes.  But at this point it’s just like the “Perfect” Holstein Cow picture, it does not exist at this time.  (Read more: The Perfect Holstein Cow)

Not only does the potential exists to produce high $NM progeny, but what about creating or developing traits that are not yet available in nature.  Things like Epigenomics, Nutrigenomics and Transgenics will make this possible.  (Read more: Forget Genomics – Epigenomics & Nutrigenomics are the Future)

The Bullvine Bottom Line

There is no question that great breeding has always been part art and part science.  However as technology grows and new discoveries seem to happen almost monthly as opposed to yearly, the balance between art and science is starting to shift drastically.  I often hear many breeders comment about the failures of genetic predictions in the past.  That was when reliabilities were in the 30% and 40% range.  As the systems are refined and biases removed, these rates are now approaching the 70% and 80% range.  Given more time, there will come a point where we have over 90% reliable information for animals on the day that they are genomically tested.  Add to this the ability to genetically preselect or even manipulate the embryo and there is no question that, before long, numbers like 7515 $NM will not seem to be so astronomical.  They will be the expected.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

Forget Genomics – Epigenomics & Nutrigenomics are the Future

Two months ago I had one of those conversations. A friend said to me “you know Murray I am moving on from just simple genomics”. That perked my ears up and I listened more intently. “Yep I am now thinking about epigenomics”, he said. Well that was enough to set me off investigating what is out there that is beyond what our industry is currently considering and using when it comes to genomic.  Relax a little, this may seem like rocket science today, but it is in tune with what our industry has always done in the past.  We look to find more accurate ways of indentifying the elite animals. Then we figure out how knowing that information gives us ways to make dairy breeders and dairy farming more profitable.

Already Many Steps Too Far?

So now ‘epigenomics’ was pinned to my clipboard. But I didn’t get any further before I had a Master Breeder husband and wife corner me for half an hour and ‘inform’ me that “The Bullvine was leading the industry astray”. They stated to me that “they were from Missouri” and perhaps we should “still only be using the actually officially authenticated information – DHIR records and breed classification results – when it comes to selecting bulls and marketing females.  They asked how can we know that the hair pulled and submitted for DNA testing actually came from said animal.” I have known this couple for almost forty years so I took the discussion on to a review great cows of the past and how they would not compare to the great show and brood cows of today. As we started to conclude our conversation the lady, who had been somewhat quiet during our sharing, commented “You (Murray) have a good point about how the genetic evaluation results over our lifetimes have resulted in the fact that we have far superior cows for both conformation and production, but our herd’s current biggest genetic problem is cows not getting back in calf. We just do not now get to have very many ten year old and older cows in our herd, liked we used to.” That gave me the opportunity to talk to them about genomics and having fairly reliable information, early in an animal’s life, on its genetic merit for reproductive traits.

The husband’s concluding comment warmed my heart. “Our grandson plans to come home to our family farm and he tells us that at university his professors are saying the information we have today on genomics is just the start. So don’t give up on us old guys. You folks at The Bullvine just keep giving us the facts and helping the industry do an even better job of breeding dairy cattle. We don’t own a computer but our family keep us quite up-to-date on what The Bullvine is writing about.”  Obviously this couple are not as set in their ways as they led me to understand at the start of the conversation.

So if we have just scratched the surface, let’s delve a little deeper.

Epigenomics – What’s That?

By definition, epigenomics is the study of modification of the expression of the genetic material in a cell. Sounds rather out of the norm. Something can alter what the DNA says is the genetic merit of an animal? Let’s think that through a bit more.

As cattle breeders we can all think of times when three full sisters all had very similar performance. And I expect many of us can also remember situations where two of the sisters were very similar but the third sister just did not measure up to the other two.  The question that breeders always ask is did the third one not get the good genes, or did she get the good genes but something inhibited her from being able to express them.  I have even heard very knowledgeable breeders say that the third one will breed just a good as the other two.  How they arrived at that conclusion I am not really certain. But I have seen it happen as they predicted.

Research in mice has shown that the diet of a sire can influence the gene expression of their progeny. So that fits under the definition of epigenomics. Dr. Jacques Chesnais of Semex feels that “there is a definite possibility that epigenomics plays as important role in adaption to the environment. In particular, in our industry, the way we feed and treat a cow in the early stage of pregnancy could affect the calf for a lifetime and therefore affect the future productivity of the herd.” Hearing that made me wonder if the recipient dams of ET calves may have an influence on how those calves pass on their genetics.

Leaders in the study of epigenomics in livestock Dr Marc-Andre Sirard and Dr Claude Robert, Laval University, are currently  investigating how epigenomics applies to the bovine and in particular to female reproduction and embryo development. It will be interesting to follow their reports.

There is obviously much to be studied and learned about epigenomics in the bovine. Definitely traits like reproduction, health and immunity are ones that dairy breeders wish to know more about as they relates to inheritance.

So then – What is Nutrigenomics?

The second new kid-on-the-block, so to speak, is nutrigenomics. The study of the effects of foods and food constituents on gene expression. By definition “Nutrigenomics can be described as the influence of genetic variation on nutrition, by correlating gene expression or SNPs with a nutrient’s absorption, metabolism, elimination or biological effects.” Think about it. If we know the genetic make-up of our dairy cows we would be able to design their diets accordingly. Are there cows out there that can make better use of lower quality forages? Wouldn’t that be a boon for the economics of dairy farming. Especially given that feed costs are 52-58% of total dairy enterprise costs and low quality forages are less costly.

I asked two nutritional consultants about this. I got two very different responses. The first one said – “don’t bring that on too quickly I still have another ten to fifteen years in my working career”. The other consultant said “Well it would change my job but if it means dairy farming can be profitable and sustainable and if we can feed the hungry world – well bring it on”.

Expect Genetics to Play an Even Bigger Role in the Future

Investigation by Canadian Dairy Network (CDN) has predicted that, in stable milk pricing times and on milk production focused farms, half of the increased on-farm profits comes from increasing the genetic merit of sires and cows used to produce the next generation of females.  With a better understanding and more definitive knowledge of epigenomics and nutrigenomics it could possibly be that 60+% of on-farm profits could be as a result of the genetics used.

From the DNA analysis using hair follicles, breeders now know with 50-70% accuracy the genetic merit of their animals for a host of important traits. Think what might be possible if by including epigenomics and nutrigenomics information. The accuracy levels could rise to 70-80%.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The research phase of studying how epigenomics and nutrigenomics relate to the dairy cow is well underway. We can expect refinements to our genetic evaluation procedures based on what the research tells us.  And in time breeders will have information so they can better breed, feed and manage their herds. Stay tuned to the Bullvine for more great insight into these two future changing technologies.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

The Genomic Bubble Has Burst?

Well that is what some would have you believe.  They cite the decreased prices at the top sales, and that genomic young sires are no longer much higher on the list then their proven counterparts.  (Read more: An Insider’s Guide to What Sells at the Big Dairy Cattle Auctions 2013) The truth is that, instead of just citing observations, true breeders are looking at the facts.  For them, the facts show that Genomics is here to stay.

Almost daily I read warnings in other “leading” dairy publications against the use of genomic sires.  This panders to the old school mentality that fosters breeder concern about using Genomics.  Instead of basing their comments on facts, they use hearsay, conjecture and outright fear mongering to defend their comments.

Here at the Bullvine we have always worked to let the facts guide what we write.  That is probably the biggest reason that we have been proponents of Genomics from the start.  There are several key points that we think many breeders and our fellow media are missing.  Let’s summarize them here to help put an end to nonsensical comments.

  1. Genomics is a Tool
    It drives me nuts on a daily basis the number of breeders who refer to Genomics as a selection tool.  Genomics increases the reliability of individual traits and indexes.  That’s it.  The term “Genomics” is miss-used by many when they should be referring to “High Index” sires, meaning list toppers on the gTPI, gLPI and other lists.  This may seem like a minor thing.  I am even guilty of it myself from time to time.  However, it’s really a huge error when you look at it from a breeder viewpoint.  Over the past week, I looked at more than 100 comments about Genomics from naysayers.  Every single one of them would have been more accurate if they had used the term “High Index” rather than Genomics.  Most of the reservations against Genomics have more to do with the use high index sires.  The debate between selecting for “High Index” or “Proven” pedigrees will go on for years to come.  The thing that many miss is that Genomics is a tool that can help both strategies.  Since Genomics helps increase the accuracy of the indexes in both strategies, it will help both strategies excel into the future.
  2. The Numbers Don’t Lie
    It’s always easy to state a case-by-case example and find a few cases that help prove any point.  It takes a look at the full spectrum to truly get an accurate assessment on how any program or tool is working.  The facts are pretty clear that Genomics increases young sire’s reliability by 30% and 1st crop proven sires by 5%.  In effect that says that a young sire with a 50K genomic test and a proven sire will now have reliability comparable to an early 1st crop proven sire pre-genomics.  This would indicate that if you were willing to trust a 1st crop proof prior to the introduction of Genomics, you should now be willing to trust a genomic young sire with a proven sire as their reliabilities are very comparable.  Furthermore, the genetics marketing is also supporting this.  Genomic young sires are set to outsell proven sires as most breeders are confident in the numbers and are making sound breeding decisions based on them.  As we mentioned in our article Genomics – Lies, Miss-Truths and False Publications, genomically evaluated bulls with 65% reliable gLPIs, breeders can expect 95% of the time that their official proof will be within 670 LPI points (within about 18-20%) (Please note that with change in Canadian LPI formula this number is more like 400 LPI points).  This means  that we can be 95% sure that the current top gLPI sire, SILVERRIDGE V EXTREME (gLPI of +3544), will be higher than +3000 LPI, once he has his official progeny proven index that is over 90% reliable and that would make him the top  3 active proven sire in Canada.  In the US sires like ZAHBULLS ALTA1STCLASS (gTPI of +2598) will end up over +2200 gTPI placing him in the top 10.  (Editor’s note: Prior to the regression to bring high genomic young sires closer to proven sires, sires like Extreme and Alta1stclass would have actually been higher than the current top proven sire).  Yes genomic young sires do on average drop below their original predicted values, but, they are on average still higher than the proven sires of that time.
  3. Falling Numbers are not an Indicator of System Failure
    Whether it’s young sires indexes dropping or semen prices going down, neither of these two events accurately  predict the status  of Genomics.  You see Genomics is new to the industry and, with anything that is new, there is a period of figuring out how the “new world” will work.  During that period aggressive breeders and semen companies have sought to maximize revenues for themselves and the breeders they represent.  This has meant testing the market to see just what is the maximum revenue price for each animal or dose of semen.  Simple economics teaches us that we need to test that point that maximizes revenue, that is either sell at a high prices and reduced quantity or sell at a medium price at increased quantity.  Both are sound strategies. At times due to exclusivity and extreme unique genetics, young sire semen has sold for $10,000 a dose and, with the removal of the exclusivity and other sires coming out after the fact, that semen is now available at a greatly reduced price.  (Read more: $10,000 a dose Polled Semen).  The breeder who purchased this semen, Ri-Val-Re Holsteins from Michigan, actually made out very well with his investment as he had a clear plan with the use of IVF to maximize his return.  (Read more:  Breeding R-Val-Re: Where looking good in the stall is just as important as looking good on paper) It has also led to other attempts and premium pricing or pricing models.  This is not a failure of the system.  This is progressive individuals trying to discover how the new system is going to work.  Does it always return maximum profits?….No.  But does it help those individuals understand the new market and how they can operate to maximize efficiency in the future?  ….Yes.  Just because you are not able to justify these prices for your breeding program goals, does not mean that it will not work for others.  The big thing is for you to understand your genetic plan and goals and make sure you are constantly evaluating and improving them.  (Read more: What’s the plan?). It is interesting to note that since the introduction of Genomics the rate of genetic advancement has more than doubled.  Coincidence?  I don’t think so.  Since more breeders can make more sound decisions, the industry as a whole is benefiting.

rate of genetic gain young sire

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Genomics will not make every breeder an instant Master Breeder.  Nor does it profess to.  What it will do is help each breeder make sound breeding decisions based on the most accurate information available.  There is still the need to have a breeding strategy the works for your specific management and financial goals.  You cannot simply use the entire list topping sires and expect to end up with the greatest herd in the world.  You need to take the time to choose the sires that work best for each specific mating and understand the issues of each cow or sire daughter group (i.e. inbreeding, strengths and weaknesses).  That is exactly what great breeders of the past did.  .  They took the time to assess their animals and planned how to end up with the best progeny possible.  That, and not Genomics, is what will lead to the greatest genetic advancement.  Genomics is simply a tool that enables breeders to make improvement happen faster!


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

Top 200 New Genomic Females For January 2014

Leading sires of the top 200 new genomic TPI sires where PINE-TREE ALTAOAK-ET (19), COYNE-FARMS SROCK MACK-ET (16), and COYNE-FARMS JABIR-ET (15).  Leading owners of the top 200 where De Su Holsteins LLC (37), Elite Dairy Genomics LLC (17) and Oakfield Corners Dairy (10)

Reg. NoNameClassScoreSire NameOwner(s)
HOCANF106651028FERRE BOLTON MATINALEVG88SANDY-VALLEY BOLTON-ETFERME H.P. GAGNON & FILS INC, LATERRIERE, PQ, (418) 543-4999
HOCANF106028819AGRIVENTE GOLDEN BOY BIANKAVG87DENISTEINS GOLDEN BOYFERME AGRIVENTE, ST. ALBAN, PQ, (418) 268-3922
HOCANF105584390BEAUVIDE SAMUELO MARJOVG87REGANCREST-MR SAMUELO-ETFERME BEAUVIDE INC, STE. ANGELE DE MONNOIR, PQ, (450) 469-4546
HOCANF10817083BIGMAPLE LOU LARAVG87JENNY-LOU MARSHALL P149-ETDUNPHY'S HOLSTEINS, KESWICK, NB, (506) 363-3092
HOCANF11046839BIRKENTREE DENISON RAFAVG87JERLAND DENISON-ETEAST RIVER FARMS, MARSHFIELD, PE, (902) 629-1579
HOCANF10950808BOSDALE SHOTTLE LIBERTYVG87PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETBOSDALE FARMS INC, CAMBRIDGE, ON, (519) 740-7904
HOCANF11137375CRAGGAN DENZEL GALAVG87LA PRESENTATION DENZELELMER WEEKS, BREADALBANE, PE, (902) 886-2152
HOCANF11043491CRATER SKYS THE LIMIT GOLDWYNVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCRATER FARM, HARTINGTON, ON, (613) 532-0661
HOCANF10946579CROVALLEY GOLDWYN KEISHAVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCROVALLEY HOLSTEINS, HASTINGS, ON, (705) 696-3277
HOCANF10946561CROVALLEY SANCHEZ MICKEYVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZCROVALLEY HOLSTEINS, HASTINGS, ON, (705) 696-3277
HOCANF10917454DONNANVIEW SHOT SHOLLY SUEVG87PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETDONNANVIEW FARMS LTD, STIRLING, ON, (613) 395-3697
HOCANF10917463GILLETTE GRT 2ND THRILLVG87SCHILLVIEW GARRETT-ETARCADIA FARMS, CODRINGTON, ON, (613) 475-1705
HOCANF11049215GOLDENFLO SANCHEZ HANDSOMEVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZMACBEATH FARMS LTD, MARSHFIELD, PE, (902) 628-8348
HOCANF11052059GOLDSTREAK DUPLEX LUXURYVG87MESLAND DUPLEX-ETJ. GUY THOMPSON & SON, FRENCHFORT, PE, (902) 629-5176
HOCANF11093260GREENLARK ROSES WANDAVG87GILLETTE WINDHAMMERDONNANVIEW FARMS LTD, STIRLING, ON, (613) 395-3697
HOCANF106443533JACOBS ATWOOD MELODYVG87MAPLE-DOWNS-I G W ATWOODFERME JACOBS INC, CAP SANTE, PQ, (418) 285-2674
HOCANF105687784JANOT GOLDWYN ITALIAVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFERME JANOT, ANGE GARDIEN, PQ, (450) 293-7931
HOCANF106042803LIATRIS LHEROS FRAISINETTEVG87COMESTAR LHEROSFERME LIATRIS SENC, ST. FELICIEN, PQ, (418) 679-5892
HOCANF10892741LOCKRIDGE ROSS RAEVG87PLAIN-O DURHAM ROSS-331-ETLOCKRIDGE FARM, NEWBURGH, ON, (613) 378-6148
HOCANF8906559LOVSHIN DENISON KENSINGTONVG87JERLAND DENISON-ETLOVSHIN FARMS LTD, COBOURG, ON, (905) 372-8337
HOCANF106582820MABEL OUTBOUND DIVINALEVG87SCHILLDALE OUTBOUND-ETFERME MAGUY ENR, NORMANDIN, PQ, (418) 274-2065
HOCANF105086179MARSO DOLMAN SAVITAVG87REGANCREST DOLMAN-ETFERME MARTIN BOUCHARD S.E.N.C, ST. BRUNO, PQ, (418) 343-2140
HOUSAF140538603MS CHASSITY SNCHZ CARLY-ETVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZCRASDALE FARMS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-3515
HOCANF11110374OSCROFT PARAMOUNT JADENVG87STANHOPE PARAMOUNTOSCROFT FARMS, SHANNONVILLE, ON, (613) 962-3693
HOCANF11050132PLOEGSWAY NUTFOUR HANNAHVG87PLOEGSWAY FORTUNE NUT FOURJOHN VANDERPLOEG, PETERBOROUGH, ON, (705) 295-2681
HOCANF11044926QUALITY ATWOOD FOLFOEVG87MAPLE-DOWNS-I G W ATWOODBRACKLEY FARM, BRACKLEY, PE, (902) 368-8234
HOCANF106117529ROSIERS BONNA GOLDWYNVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFERME DES-ROSIERS, ST. FRANCOIS DU LAC, PQ, (450) 568-6202
HOCANF10973122SMYGWATYS SHOTTLE WATERMELONVG87PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETFRANCIS COLIN CAMPBELL, CAPE BRETON, NS, (902) 945-2735
HOCANF105934493STEPIDO STERLING SACHAVG87ARDROSS STERLINGSEBASTIEN FONTAINE, ST. BARTHELEMY, PQ, (450) 835-3705
HOCANF9990388SUNNY PLAINS WONDERFULVG87WILCOXVIEW JASPER-ETSUNNY PLAINS FARMS, JOYCEVILLE, ON, (613) 382-4919
HOCANF10979847TREKILI W A LAURIENIA BRAXTONVG87REGANCREST S BRAXTON-ETWALTZ ACRE FARMS, CONSECON, ON, (613) 392-3164
HOCANF11009881VALLEYVILLE GOLDWYN MADA 921VG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFRIZZELLS VALLEYVILLE FARM INC, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 964-3235
HOCANF106337471VIEUXSAULE DESTRY DREAMYVG87SCIENTIFIC DESTRY-ETFERME DU VIEUX SAULE, ST. ESPRIT, PQ, (450) 839-7190
HOCANF11073554WINTERBAY GOLDWYN LADEEDAVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNWINTERBAY FARMS, MT. STEWART, PE, (902) 629-1800

Provided by Holstein Association USA
* GTPI is a Service Mark of Holstein Association USA

Top 200 New Genomic LPI Females for January 2014

Leading sires are SUPERSIRE (21), LIQUID GOLD (21), and ENFORCER (20).  Leading dams where DE-SU 1209-ET (6), DE-SU 1438-ET (5), DE-SU 1258-ET (4), COOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET (4), DYMENTHOLM SUNVIEW SKYE (4).

NameProofLPIMilkFatProt%F%PConf
DA-SO-BURN MOM EARNHARDT PPA2730169077830.130.258
VENTURE MAN O POLLED PPA2417109448690.070.311
SANDY-VALLEY CHIPPER-P-ETPA238417194161-0.210.0511
VENTURE TRANSFORMER PPA2249105856500.160.137
RI-VAL-RE OBSRVR DAVE-P-ETPA2112144364530.110.0610
HICKORYMEA PARKER P-ETPA201982250390.180.1310
ERBCREST SATCHEL PPA201712863046-0.160.0412
RI-VAL-RE OBSRVR DOLO-P-ETPA2012123454410.090.0111
OCD COLT SAMMY P-ETPA1998115446300.04-0.0613
LA PRESENTATION BROYARD PPA1985117751460.070.088
MR CHASSITY COLT 45-ETPA197214224141-0.12-0.0513
VER-HAGES SCHINE P-ETPA193491057400.210.19
TIGER-LILY LADD P-RED-ETPA192025031360.230.2711
OUR-FAVORITE LOU P-RED-ETPA178753257290.380.118
HICKORYMEA BRONCO TYLERPA1783173071520.07-0.056
ROCHER STER DANCER-REDPA178172466540.380.284
ESTMER MELVIN RED PPA175437440360.270.26
ARRON DOON WEST PORT MAGNA PPA1732118455390.1107
KERNDTWAY ELIMINATOR-P-ETPA169069264310.380.086
VENTURE PACIFIC PPA168411823252-0.110.137
SYNERGY ALTAMR P-REDPA167682733390.030.127
APRIL-DAY ALTAX -RED-ETPA166512433741-0.080.016
PINE-TREE RELIEF P 4954PA163179656300.270.056
BOMAZ LIAISON-P-ETPA161714413557-0.160.1-1
SELLCREST MIDAS-RED-ETPA159857227350.070.1610
BOSSIDE VETERAN P-RED-ETPA159639441260.280.129
AMITIES MICKEYPA157067145270.20.0510
MATCREST MITEY CARHART P-ETPA1567-35553190.650.297
SCHOLTEN MITEY MACRAMEPA1527102560350.2106
LESPEREE LOTUSPA152394938380.040.0711
SANDY-VALLEY COLT P-RED-TWPA149711281840-0.230.037
WIND-D-ACRES SNOWBALL-P-ETPA146490447270.14-0.026
LA PRESENTATION IMPALA PPA143510952531-0.14-0.0410
LIRR SPECIAL EFFECTP-RED-ETPA143042330230.140.095
DESLACS ILLEGAL P REDPA140511452542-0.150.045
WEST PORT ARRON DOON MITEY PEBV139613756230.490.175
LARON PPA138019022190.150.127
RI-VAL-RE SHOTZY-P-RED-ETPA137510093038-0.070.054
DIPRED ISY-P-REDPA136310761346-0.270.14
S-S-I SL MOZYGUS-PP-RED-ETPA128877535370.070.114
MD-VALLEYVUE LB CODIE-P-ETPA128432517250.050.147
LIRR SPECIAL DUAL PP-RED-ETPA124885932270-0.015
TOM-ANNA DEHORNER-PPPA124293636320.020.018
SCHULTZ LB RUNNER-P-RED-ETPA1192793132-0.270.0610
HICKORYMEA-I OKA PEBV1192-1547190.460.1810
WEST PORT ARRON DOON MALTBY PEBV110913873642-0.13-0.040
VENTURE PROXY PP REDPA1095-1529260.30.266
AGGRAVATION LAWN BOY P-REDEBV1064541-532-0.230.134
SANDY-LOAM ALTAB P-RED-ETPA103411461542-0.260.061
VENTURE TURN PPA103059239210.170.035
MEMENTO BENEDICT PEBV10261348-418-0.49-0.2311
FOREST-LAWN PLATTE-P-RED-ETMACE1020685536-0.210.1410
DUDOC ELIXIR PPA10168642731-0.040.034
ARRON DOON MIX P REDPA98270530370.050.13-1
WIND-D-ACRES ICICLE-P-ETPA9311008383600.033
LA PRESENTATION BARTOLIMACE9107602727-0.010.035
WIND-D-ACRES SYLVESTER-P-ETPA89784954300.210.031
DUDOC EPITHELIUM PPA89671037200.12-0.025
LA PRESENTATION BRUCEPA87013142326-0.25-0.178
BURKET-FALLS SIGNIFICANT-ETMACE85516655342-0.08-0.124
LA PRESENTATION BROUGHAMPA83910753023-0.08-0.14
LA PRESENTATION BRIGANDPA814735719-0.19-0.055
WEST PORT MOSTLY PPA8075571230-0.060.093
JA-BOB JALEPENO P-RED-ETPA796-937180.110.216
LA PRESENTATION BEAR PEBV7646261919-0.0406
ROCKYMOUNTAIN MACDONALD REDPA74123612170.040.13
DULET SPRAY P REDPA72724230240.210.153
LA PRESENTATION BLACKYPA702817718-0.22-0.097
C-HAVEN SONY-RED-ETPA699185-1317-0.190.119
VENTURE MOTIVE PPA6931254170.350.034
WARRENCREST ALTAFX P-RED-ETPA678271-1018-0.20.085
DULET SPARTIATE P REDPA6314420100.190.087
LA PRESENTATION BERNARDOPA621685222-0.2306
HICKORYMEA OSWALD-P-ETMACE53315872729-0.31-0.2-2
HICKORYMEA OVERDO-ETEBV4836831314-0.11-0.085
LORKA KELLER P REDPA420141260.120.051
HICKORYMEA GREG-P-ETMACE374-10520160.250.2-4
AGGRAVATION DUCKY-RED-ETMACE369904120-0.32-0.082
C-HAVEN SOCCER-RED-ETPA359124-3013-0.340.0810
LA PRESENTATION BOBBYPA299119-139-0.150.054
VENTURE MARS PPA269503240.290.02-1
VENTURE MERCURY PPA24861425200.02-0.010
HICKORYMEA-I OVALON PEBV2416321128-0.110.062
MR A-D RASPBERRY LU P-REDPA218-113-189-0.150.121
HICKORYMEA TORINO-P-RED-ETMACE161133290.320.080
HICKORYMEA-I TENOREBV1609522728-0.07-0.03-6
BURKET-FALLS PORTRAIT P-ETMACE146159-110-0.070.05-2
HICKORYMEA OTTAWA-P-ETMACE5811612326-0.2-0.11-7
HICKORYMEA TOPEKA-P-RED-ETMACE-86853-23-2-0.55-0.3-3
BURKET-FALLS POLLED CLOUTMACE-177882-629-0.390-10
HICKORYMEA TOKYO-P-RED-ETMACE-18828922190.10.1-16
LA PRESENTATION YENEBV-201378-222-0.34-0.093
HICKORYMEA-I TEMPOEBV-3378512810-0.03-0.15-7
BURKET-FALLS POLLED PLUS-ETMACE-393-566-9-100.130.09-10
HICKORYMEA TENAFLY P-RED-ETPA-426-90-17-7-0.14-0.04-6
BURKET-FALLS FORTIFY-RED-ETMACE-450-22617-60.270.01-10
HICKORYMEA TUCKER P-ETPA-5081019-516-0.43-0.16-11
BURKET-FALLS IDEA P-ETMACE-521-905-2-320.34-0.02-1
HICKORYMEA TOTAL P-RED-ETMACE-5373621750.03-0.07-7
HICKORYMEA TRIPOD P-ETMACE-601517-170-0.37-0.17-9
BURKET-FALLS DARWIN-RED-ETMACE-669-1598-28-370.350.17-4
HICKORYMEA TENURE P-ETMACE-928531-148-0.34-0.09-14
BURKET-FALLS LO-NOX-RED-ETMACE-960-3234-320.17-0.21-7
BURKET-FALLS PRIORITY-REDMACE-1521-25-43-18-0.44-0.18-14
BURKET-FALLS AMIABULL-REDEBV-1547-4639-170.25-0.01-14
BURKET-FALLS PROUD-ETEBV-1794-428-30-18-0.16-0.03-12
ARRON DOON WEST PORT DUDLEYEBV-1919-1001-61-39-0.25-0.05-7
BURKET-FALLS HOUDINIPA-2376-1894-58-650.12-0.02-12

Genomics – Opportunity is Knocking

With less than a week until the December 03 index release day I am thinking what more do I want or need to learn about genomics in the world of dairy cattle breeding. I have friends that entirely use genomic information to breed and market while others are riding along and using higher indexing young sires but otherwise remain in the prove it to me “I am from Missouri camp”.  Here at The Bullvine we have provided thoughts in the past on genomics (Read more: Genomics at Work – August 2013). Today we decided to further document some areas that we feel are important to watch for and questions we are searching for answers to so that you don’t miss this opportunity.

Verification

“Does it really work?” is the question most often asked. The verdict is still out for many breeders. (Read more: Is the Genomic System Really Working?, The Truth About Genomic Indexes – “show me” that they work! And What Happens If Genomics Doesn’t Work?)

Except for a few preliminary reports by a couple genetic evaluation centers little has been published verifying that using genomics actually works. Breeders need the truth and nothing but the truth based on scientific analysis. We can likely expect the report to say that it assists with increasing the rate of genetic advancement but that: i) on an individual animal basis it is not as accurate as a 99% reliable daughter proven A.I. bull;  ii) for young bulls, heifers and cows it increases the accuracy of indexes ; iii) for traits for which we have limited farm data it is still too early to make  an accurate assessment; and iv) it is in fact the most important step forward in breeding since we got broadly based proven sires.  The message to our scientist and industry leaders is that breeders need to know the facts. The industry depends on breeders being successful. (Read more: CANADIAN BULL PROOFS – You’ve Got to Prove It to Use It!)

With the indexes of young animals today exceeding their older counterparts by a significant amount, breeders need to know the facts so they can decide on the extent to which they should use genomic information in their breeding plan (Read more: What’s the plan?).

Intensity of Use

It is well known that concern exists among all players, from breeders to scientists, on the increased rate of inbreeding.  (Read more: Twenty Things Every Dairy Breeder Should Know About Inbreeding, 6 Steps to Understanding & Managing Inbreeding in Your Herd and INBREEDING: Does Genomics Affect the Balancing Act?)

A study of the sires of top ranking young animals shows the following:

  • Sires of top fifty August 2013 gTPI young bulls – Mogul (21); Uno (8); Supersire (7); McCutchen (3); Facebook (2); Lithium (2),..plus seven others
  • Sires of top fifty August 2013 NM$ young bulls – Mogul (13); Supersire (10); Uno (8); Robust (3); Shamrock (3); Epic (3); Lithium (2); Facebook (2); ..plus six others.
  • Sires of top fifty August 2013 gLPI young bulls – Mogul (17); Supersire (9), McCutchen (5); Bookem (5); Mixer (3); Epic (2); Lexor (2); Iota (2); ..plus five others.
  • Sires of top fifty gLPI heifers (Sept-Nov releases) – Supersire (11); McCutchen (6); Enforcer (5); Mogul (5); Liquid Gold (4); Munition (4); Morgan (3); Cashmoney (2); ..plus ten others

Even though most of these bulls are not themselves closely related it is concerning that only a few bulls come to the top on all these lists. 66% of the above lists are over 6.0% inbred and only one is below 5.0% inbred. Outcross sires (Read more: 12 Sires to Use in Order to Reduce Inbreeding and GOING OFF THE MAP: 14 Outcross Holstein Sires That Don’t Include GPS) has been recommended as a solution yet Oman, Planet, Shottle and Bolton are prominent is the ancestry of the bulls above. It is time that we stop worrying about inbreeding and start finding practical solutions. Do we need to designate breeding lines and then doing line crossing like is done in crops, poultry and swine?  Why are A.I. organizations not using alternate sires of sons? Is it that those alternates do not come up as high on total merit index ranking lists? If that is the case should total merit index be the criteria used when selecting young bulls to be sampled or marketed. Should the inbreeding coefficient of every bull be a required number to be published?  There are solutions but it takes effort and leadership to stop the runaway train.

Finding the Best

Breeders of very elite indexing animals want to know which bulls will ring the bell for them when they flush their top virgin heifers. Some of those breeders feel that there are certain sires more capable than others at leaving top of the list progeny? Put another way can two bulls be ranked the same for total merit but one leaves progeny that are very consistent for their genomic values while the other bull produces progeny that range more in value. Breeders are willing to gamble and use the bull that appears to be able to produce list toppers. Breeders are asking the question – have our scientists studied this and is their an answer to the question of why some families consistently throw the high outliers?

Which are the Future Parents

As well with more and more emphasis being given to management, health and fertility traits in dairy cattle selection the question becomes which are the young bulls or elite heifers for the future. Could it be that they should be 90%RK for Production and 99%RK for Durability and 99%Rk for Health & Fertility? Attention needs to be given to matter with a view to the needs for the next ten plus years. (Read more: Total Merit Indexes: Are they helping or hurting?, Does Your Breeding Program Save You Labor? and  Are Your Genetics Wasting Feed and Labor?)

Health / Disease Resistance

No doubt we have only scratched the surface on what the DNA profile of an animal can tell use about an animal’s ability to remain healthy and disease free.  Even though breeders would like to have the answers today, the absence of farm data to match to the DNA will likely mean that this area of breeding will be relatively inaccurate for some time into the future. That does not mean that we should not continue to study this area, it is just that we can not expect answers quickly.

Female Fertility

Here again we are dealing with an area where there is limited farm data, or the farm data is not in connected data bases that can be used to correlate female fertility with DNA profiles. Is there farm data out there that tells us when heifers reach puberty? No. Are there genetic differences in when heifers can be first bred? Likely but we do not know. To go even further what about female conception rates? Biologically up to 90% of the time a sperm fertilizes an egg, yet only 65% of heifers and 40% of cows in Holsteins actually become pregnant. The inability of a fertilized egg to implant is significant but knowing the genetics of that is still a long ways off. Maybe there is research in other species that might be useful for linking female fertility with DNA profiles.

Breeders who flush females know that to be financially successful a cow or heifer must give many viable embryos. And that there are differences amongst cow families in how many embryos produced. (Read more: What Comes First The Chicken Or The Egg? And Investing in Dairy Cattle Genetics – Think Outside the Box) One question yet to be answered is by using IVF on poor flushing families are we, in fact, hindering reproduction from a genetic perspective. Yes more questions than answers but remember that the most common reason for cows being culled is infertility. So we do not need bull dams being genetically inferior for reproduction.

Mobility

With lameness in dairy cattle being targeted as a big time problem in animal care circles, is it time that a mobility index be produced? Can we take our current DNA profiles and calculate such an index? It matters little that we know a host of traits about feet and legs when breeders are most concerned about a cow or heifer’s ability to move freely and comfortably in the environment is which she lives. (Read more: Cow Mobility: One Step Forward or Two Steps Back?)

Getting with the Program

Perhaps some of our ‘thought list’ will be possible in the next year or two. One thing we know is that for traits to be able to be evaluated we need more animals both recorded for performance and DNA profiled.  Of immediate concern is that without broad based field data for calf and heifer performance we are limited in what we can accurately know about this important cost center.  Any breeders not currently DNA profiling all their heifer calves are denying themselves future opportunities to advance their herds. Cost is frequently given as the reason for not DNA profiling, yet the cost is only about equal to officially milk recording a cow for a year. The information obtained can be used early in life including which heifers to keep, how to manage them and which sires to breed them to.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Like almost everything else in genetic advancement, genomics does not have all the answers. It does not have 100% accuracy but it sure does shorten the generation interval in dairy cattle breeding.  Opportunity knocks for the breeders that do profile their animals. And every month with new facts coming out on genomics, the opportunity for greater return on investment increases for participating breeders.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

 

Genomics – Lies, Miss-Truths and False Publications!

2013ectRecently I read the most disturbing Letter to the Editor that I have read in a long time.  It was produced by lr Gerard Scheepens.  The concerning  part was that it was written by someone working  for an  A.I. company  (K.I. Samen) and was published by a dairy publication (Holstein World) trying to pander to those who spend the most money with them instead of thinking about how accurate the letter was.  In typical Bullvine fashion we decided to dispel the lies, miss-truths and false publications, so that you, the dedicated breeder, can see through the BS and understand what is actually happening.

Accurate Prediction or Wishing on a dream

In the article they make the following comment “Looking at the results of the genomic bulls with daughters in production you can see a devastating truth; nearly all of the bulls drop and drop a lot.”  The funny part, but not surprising is that they don’t back up this “devastating truth” with numbers.  Having painted a bleak picture, they just provide generalities and expect you to accept them as truth.  As the Bullvine has published several times in the past (Read more: How Much Can You Trust Genomic Young Sires? and The Truth About Genomic Indexes – “show me” that they work!), genomically evaluated bulls with 65% reliable gLPIs, breeders can expect 95% of the time that their official proof will be within 670 LPI points (within about 18-20%) (Please note that with change in Canadian LPI formula this number is more like 400 LPI points).  This means  that we can be 95% sure that the current top gLPI sire, SILVERRIDGE V EXTREME, will be higher than +3173 LPI, once he has his official progeny proven index that is over 90% reliable and that would make him the highest active proven sire in Canada.  Yes genomic young sires do on average drop below their original predicted values, but, they are on average still higher than the proven sires of that time.  This clearly means that they are a better option than the proven bulls available at that time.  It’s called genetic advancement.

Columbus disease

Didn’t Christopher Columbus colonize the new world?  Wouldn’t America have been different if Columbus had not dared to try new things?  If bold thinkers like Columbus had not set out to explore and try new things the world would still be reported to the editor as flat?  You see in order to advance we have to try new things.  The benefits of a technology such as genomics is that there are educated risks.  They are not sure fire guaranteed, they are educated risks.  Even using a 99% reliable sire will not give you the same exact result every time.  Fear mongers who are afraid of change like to throw out things like bulls’ proofs dropping.  Well, guess what people, so do proven bulls’ proofs.  Those proofs just don’t get noticed as much and no one is using it to put fear into breeders for no reason other than personal profit.  Mother always said that upon hearing outrageous criticism, “Always consider where it’s coming from!”

Equations

I don’t profess to be a mathematician or a geneticist, though there is one fact I know for sure.  The more accurate the information you have to work from the more accurate the result.  Genomics is not a perfect science, but it is more accurate than just parent averages alone.  You think bull’s proofs drop now.  Look what used to happen before the introduction of genomics.  (Read more: Has Genomics Knocked Out the Hot House Herds? And The Hot House Effect on Sire Sampling).  If someone runs a person over with a car, who is to blame?  Is it the car manufacturer’s fault for making a machine that can go faster than we can walk and larger than a bike?  Or is it the driver’s fault for using the machine in other than the intended way.  You see genomics in itself is not solely to blame when the resulting calf does not live up to expectations.  (Read more: Who’s to Blame? Why is there a lack of accountability in the Dairy Genetics Marketplace)

Real change is needed

In the published letter to the editor the author highlights the issue of inbreeding, something that has been an issue for a very long time.  The thing is you need to put inbreeding into perspective.  First data from the US reported that the current cost of inbreeding over an average cow’s lifetime was US$24.  (Read more: INBREEDING: Does Genomics Affect the Balancing Act?) That means that a 1% reduction in progeny inbreeding (valued at around $5 per cow).  But what if the genetics of that animal also means that their production will drop $10?  Inbreeding needs to be kept in perspective.  Inbreeding is only an issue when you don’t manage and account for it.  (Read more:  6 Steps to Understanding & Managing Inbreeding in Your Herd and Twenty Things Every Dairy Breeder Should Know About Inbreeding) There are times when certain levels of inbreeding can work well.  You just need to understand all the factors.

Sire and son

In the article it makes the point that “O Man has 253 sons with daughters tested in the US and only 5 of them score higher than him on Net Merit.”  It is funny that for any point you can find one single stat that you might think (or hope) proves your point.  In actual fact   you need to look at performance over a whole population not case by case.  It’s like saying 2% of the population died from the use of penicillin, what about the 98% of the population who are still living as a result of its use?

“150% more progress in what?  for whom?”

The number of times the author of this article shows an inability to understand bull proofs is a major concern.  In the article he makes the following comments “The top 10 NM bulls from August 2009 with daughters had an average of 702 NM.  The top 10 NM genomic bulls without daughters had an average of 814.  The genomic bulls without daughters had a 14% lead.  In April 2013 the average of the bulls with daughter group dropped to 607 around 13.5%.  However the genomic group fell to 515 NM which leads to a drop of 37%.  Furthermore, the proven group, which was 106 NM behind now leads with 92 points NM.  Where is the speed, and where is the progress?”  Again there are two main issues here.  First can I introduce you to something that is called a base change?  Secondly,   the author is again using a selective group versus the whole population.  There are published results from across the whole population that shows that the actual rate of genetics advancement has increased rapidly with the use of genomics.

rate of genetic gain young sire

Cows are not pigs

Can pigs fly?  The author’s point about how cows are not pigs is almost as irrelevant as the price of eggs in Winnipeg.  Yes in pigs the female has a larger role in genetic advancement than the female in cattle (Though the use of IVF on top females in dairy cows is quickly changing that).  The point the author makes is about how cows need to also reproduce in addition to produce.  That is why we have traits like daughter fertility, calving ability, daughter calving ability, calving ease, maternal calving ease, daughter pregnancy rate, sire still birth and daughter still birth.  This has nothing to do with genomics.  It has to do with which traits we use to evaluate animals.

Variation is essential

“The new major impact bull always has an original pedigree”, according to the author of the letter.  Really?  Was Durham that unique (Elton x Chief Mark)?  Shottle (Mtoto x Aerostar)?  Goldwyn (James x Storm)?  Man-O-Man (Justice x Aaron)?  I think more time, research and education should be taken by the author.  It is much needed before making comments that have no facts to back them up.

Reliability or accuracy?!?

For about 30 seconds I almost agreed with the author on this one point…then they fell off the rails and I was back to how off the mark this individual is.  Yes bias is an issue (Read more: Preferential Treatment – The Bull Proof Killer).  But then the author’s points fall off the train when he says “The accuracy of the breeding is way too low to take that kind of chance.  Accuracy of the proof will become more important than the reliability of the proof.”  That logic would then say that we never use an un-proven sire ever again.  Then where would our genetic advancement be?

How to stop a runaway train?

And then the author himself slams the brakes on his own runaway line of reasoning!  The author categorically states that as an industry we should “spend the money by improving the animal model, spend on better evaluations, less costly and more effectively.”  The simple reply:  Isn’t that exactly what genomics is designed to do?  And is doing?

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Since launching the Bullvine we learned one thing, it’s not wise to spread falsehoods or inaccurate information.  That is why whenever possible we have always put facts behind our points or when there are no facts available, such as in the case of dairy cattle pictures, we have gone to the effort ourselves so show how things are working.  We don’t believe in treating our readers as if they have no brains by publishing falsehoods or misinformation.  Instead we believe an educated breeder is the most valuable asset the dairy industry must have at this time.  That is why each day we source, write and share the most educational content in the dairy industry.  And we back it up with facts!


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

 

Top 200 New Genomic Females in the U.S. for October 2013

Leading sires are RICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET (22), SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET (21), and LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET (19).  Top owners are De Su Holsteins LLC (26), Genesis Cooperative Herd (15) and Sandy-Valley (13).

StdBreedCodeNameMilkFat%FProtein%PSCSPTATTPI
200HO7450AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET1196960.2530.062.553.172587
7HO11351SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET25241120.08780.012.772.732564
7HO11477DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET1488740.08570.052.754.012525
534HO10FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN1375740.1490.033.272.922495
250HO1049GENERVATIONS LIQUID GOLD15971020.17800.122.83.482543
250HO1047GENERVATIONS FUZION1355850.14720.122.792.372460
250HO1048GENERVATIONS GIZMO1902800.03690.052.813.372475

Source: Holstein USA

Top 200 New gLPI Females For October

Top sires include CASHCOIN (27), SUPERSIRE (27), and MCCUTCHEN (17).  Top dams include DE-SU 1438-ET(7), DE-SU 1642-ET (5), SEAGULL-BAY MISS AMERICA-ET (5).

NAMESaleLotDGV GLPI
STE ODILE MOON MODEL AMALUNAGPS164188
OCONNORS LIVING THE DREAMGenetics By Design144144
MAPEL WOOD LAST DANCEGenetics By Design33818
MAPEL WOOD SNOWMAN LEXUSGenetics By Design43798
BENNER FORK JANARDANGPS13744
OCD MOGUL FUZZY NAVELSale of Stars53727
OCONNORS BOULDER LUNAGenetics By Design63656
LANGS-TWIN-B MOGUL 4915-ETGPS133592
MAPEL WOOD BOULDER LIMERICKGenetics By Design73578
OCONNORS EPIC LAST CHANCEGenetics By Design83569
ROCKYMOUNTAIN LEXOR EDENGPS323563
OCONNORS LAST HOPEGenetics By Design23561
MARBRI UNO BEAUTYGPS113552
FUSTEAD MGL SEBRING 8037Sale of Stars233534
OCONNORS PLANET LUCIAGenetics By Design13520
B-S-D HUNTER PARIS 6081Sale of Stars473513
GEN-I-BEQ LEXOR PLAGESale of Stars453454
VELTHUIS SG LAVAMAN ENVYSale of Stars463448
WELCOME-TEL ECOYNE ABBIESale of Stars123448
COOKIECUTTER MOM HUESale of Stars23420

Stop the Sale! Genomics, Chocolate and the Future of the Dairy Breeding Industry

“This cow is being stolen!” cries out Horace Backus, from the auctioneer’s box at the US National Convention sale.  ‘A beautiful Jasper daughter with such a magnificent pedigree gets such a low offer – that is pure robbery!” adds Backus.  Pounding his fists onto the podium, Backus has a point, since they are getting less than $5,000 for a very productive cow and moments earlier a very young calf sired by a genomic young sire sold for over $20,000.  Here you have an animal already proving her profitability versus a calf that has nothing more to show for herself then a simple little test?  I ask you ”Does the marketplace have it all wrong?”

Last week I was at our local county show (Read more: For Love of the Ring) and was talking with Doug Brown, owner of Browndale Specialty Sires.  I have known Doug for over 30 years and have huge respect for him.  One point that Doug made was related to the fact that at BSS they have 3 bulls in the top 100 LPI.  This is a huge success for a breeding program that samples just a handful of bulls every year.  And yet the conundrum, Doug says, is that they would be lucky if the three sires sold as much semen as the latest hot genomic sire.  Again here we have a well proven and profitable commodity being outsold by a relatively unknown entity.

Can you have too much of a good thing?

Is genomics kind of like chocolate?  Sure it’s great in small amounts when used correctly and it’s a great antioxidant.  However regularly over-indulging in chocolate can result in significant weight gain, sugar complications and kidney problems from the high potassium.

Now anyone who has read the Bullvine with any regularity knows that we are strong proponents of genomics (Read more: Genomics at Work – August 2013, Genomics: Think Big Not Small and Stop Pissing On Genomics).  But have we started to take things too far?  We hear breeders starting to question if they should register their cattle anymore?  (Read more: Why Do We Register?) Should we type classify anymore?  (Read more: Is Type Classification Still Important?  And Over-Scored and Over-Rated – Are we helping or hurting the dairy classification system?) and Should we only use Genomic Young Sires when making mating decisions?  (Read more: How Much Can You Trust Genomic Young Sires? and Genomic Young Sires vs. Daughter Proven Sires: Which one is best for reliable genetic gain?) Have we overused a good thing?

Many times I have had the opportunity to talk with Ari Eckstein of Quality Holsteins (Read more: Quality Holsteins – Well-deserved Congratulations  and Quality Cattle Look Good Every Day) and Ari has always reminded me that “Yes Andrew!”  genomics is a useful tool and at Quality they do use high genomic test type sires, However, he reminds us   “There is still a need to look at all the tools available when making breeding decisions that will result in generation after generation of proven cow families.”  At Quality they use genomics kind of like a great pastry chef uses chocolate.  It’s not the only thing tool they use and they use it as one ingredient.  In other words, genomics should be only one part of many factors used to make complete a great breeding recipe.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

I think many breeders have emptied the kitchen cupboards and thrown out all the other ingredients, or tools, that they used to use when making their breeding and purchasing decisions and now are only using one.  Even the likes of dark chocolate or Alba white truffles ($9,300 per kilo) are only great when they are used to enhance the tasting experience.  Great breeding decisions come when we stop using just one tool and find the best way to apply specific strengths to specific goals.  . When it comes to better breeding and the tools you use, genomics shouldn’t be the only one you use or be used as an all-in-one but it is definitely one to be reckoned with! Genomics for chocolate.  Now that’s sweet!!


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

Top 200 New Genomic Females For July 2013

The Top 200 New Genomic Females for July 2013.  Leading sires are SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET (41), MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL (20), AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET (14) and RICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET (14).  The top owners are North Florida Holsteins (13), Elite Dairy Genomics LLC (11), Genesis Cooperative Herd (10).

NameSireGTPI*MilkFatProteinNM$PTATOwnerState/Ctry
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 2257MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2591239490688853.93Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
SULLY MAN-O-SHAN MARTHA-ETLADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2589197488738733.94Mike SullivanKasson , MN
COOKIECUTTER AOAK HAWAII-ETPINE-TREE ALTAOAK-ET25741854108768643.55Denise M. DickinsonHudson Falls , NY
GIL-GAR PREDES MERLOT-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET2553235582779302.89Stelling Farms Inc.Millville , MN
NO-FLA MCCUTCHEN 35646-ETDE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2549117369579042.9North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
LARCREST CICADA-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2543168384638383.78Jon E. LarsonAlbert Lea , MN
COOKIECUTTER PRED HAZARD-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET25411534108639093.16Denise M. DickinsonHudson Falls , NY
WCD-ZBW SUPERSIRE LOVEY-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET25362079100828762.83Kevin & Barbara Ziemba & WoodcLisbon , NY
WINROSS SUPERSIRE MINDY-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET25272429106748863.17Steven S. LantzLeola , PA
MS LATIMER MUSICAL-ETGENERVATIONS LATIMER2517126167508833.07Trans-America GeneticsST-HYACINTHE QUE , WI
LARCREST CIABATTA-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET25161442103618573.55Jon E. LarsonAlbert Lea , MN
MORMANN LAT TABINE 2297-ETGENERVATIONS LATIMER2515103659558952.78Jennifer MormannFarley , IA
JOOK MAURICE 9220-ETMOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET2511144299559182.74Lester C. Jones & Sons Inc.Massey , MD
RICHMOND-FD GALPAL-ETDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET2507170366619152.96Chas A Jr & John L RichmondNorth Collins , NY
EDG 4858 MOGUL 2240-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2507156976589003.12Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
MS AMERICA LAITICIA-ETGENERVATIONS LATIMER2507191496699072.74Trans-America GeneticsSt-Hyacinthe QC , WI
EDG RUBY EARN 2259DA-SO-BURN MOM EARNHARDT P2506201296728842.98Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
WINROSS SUPERSIRE MARLA-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2495162185658952.88Steven S. LantzLeola , PA
FARNEAR HEADLINER 1722SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET2493189183548443.18T R & M Simon B & T Rauen &Farley , IA
HARTLINE SS LOU-RAE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2491115281558673.09Hartline Valley Farms Inc.Marietta , OH
NO-FLA MCCUTCHEN 35703-ETDE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2488172385598083.4North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
SIEMERS MCCUTCH ROZ-ETDE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2488226781737953.32Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton , WI
FARNEAR MASCALESE 1719ZANI BOLTON MASCALESE-ET2484135883588333.23Rick & Tom Simon B & T Rauen &Farley , IA
RI-VAL-RE SYMP VIVIAN-ETDYMENTHOLM S SYMPATICO2477197888648862.74Aaron JorgensenWebberville , MI
HIGHERRANSOM COIN STITCH-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET2472121774578542.95Jeffrey King & Fly-Higher HolsValley Falls , NY
SEAGULL-BAY DAY LIGHT-ETMINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET2469141151548313Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls , ID
WINDY-KNOLL-VIEW PRINCESSSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2469216359688752.48James R. & Nina P. BurdetteMercersburg , PA
LADIES-FIRST SS BLESSING-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET24662644108799382.25Barbara Mountain & Ladies FirsRocky Ridge , MD
SULLY OAK MANDA-ETPINE-TREE ALTAOAK-ET2465188977668173.26Kyle PundsackFreeport , MN
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN PAMMY-ETSULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET2463161351547303.93Wills BrosWadebridge Cornwall ,
HARTLINE SS LIDA RAR-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2456185772638183.14Hartline Valley Farms Inc.Marietta , OH
CO-OP SPS PRUDENCE 7079-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2455265297798682.67Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
MORMANN MOGUL 1100-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2450176867588452.88Agri-Science Opportunity LLCDurham , NC
ZIMMERVIEW PARDISE SULLY-ETREGANCREST PARADISE-ET2449155766418532.89Dean E. & Brent E. ZimmerMarietta , OH
NO-FLA NUMERO UNO 35742-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2449152792508003.27North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
LATUCH SUPER LABELLA-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET24441824104767883.01Roger & David LatuchSomerset , PA
STONEHURST SUPER CHRISTY-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2442130989508073.16Stonehurst Farm Dairy SalesStrasburg , PA
INTENSE DAY SPRINKLE1274-ETMINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET2441172662548293.02Gregory W. CrouseSparta , NC
LARS-ACRES MOG TRIANGLE-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2439110072388512.89Larson Acres Inc.Evansville , WI
FARNEAR NUMERO UNO 1704AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2437146299598682.8Rick & Tom Simon B & T Rauen &Farley , IA
PINE-TREE DASHE OAK 5770-ETPINE-TREE ALTAOAK-ET243593565497153.61Matthew J. SteinerMarshallville , OH
WILLSBRO UNO CLASSYAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2432122255498042.91Wills BrosWadebridge Cornwall ,
LARCREST COLLAGE-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2428779109498353.17Jon E. LarsonAlbert Lea , MN
LEADERWIN LEXOR MANDAGENERVATIONS LEXOR2426119065547193.91Steven S. Emanuel J.& James S.Leola , PA
MS KOENEN NUMRO UNO 6034-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2425150688528233.22A Dykshorn D Kaufmann & G KoeIreton , IA
JOLICAP MORGAN DESIRE-ETS-S-I BOOKEM MORGAN-ET2423144962508482.84Ferme Jolicap IncCap St Ignace PQ , CA
SIEMERS S-SIRE ROZANNE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET24232244107788082.62Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton , WI
EDG BYSHA CC 2258FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET2422187469538243.02Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
S-S-I MOONRY LEIGHA 9081-ETDE-SU RB MOONRAY 11038-ET2421174290718062.84Select Sires Inc.Plain City , OH
COOKIECUTTER ALOAK HALEX-ETPINE-TREE ALTAOAK-ET2419184598737722.75Denise M. DickinsonHudson Falls , NY
EDG CHRISTA LATIMER 2226-ETGENERVATIONS LATIMER2417174273647603.17Jeffrey Jet ButlerSpringfield , IL
WILLSBOR MOGUL AMBERMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2414145783527463.44Wills BrosWadebridge Cornwall ,
WOODCREST MERIDIAN LURK-ETSULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET2413145555536823.96Woodcrest Dairy LLCLisbon , NY
FLINT-VILLE UNO YESTER-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2413155497597263.82Lynford & Kevin BurkholderLebanon , PA
MAPLEHURST NUMBER ONE 2941MISTY SPRINGS NUMBER ONE24121625104618033Maplehurst Farm LLCCuyler , NY
MAPLEHURST EVEREST 2953STANTONS EVEREST2412164398578213.02Maplehurst Farm LLCCuyler , NY
HARTLINE SS LINA-RAE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2411157866637433.12Hartline Valley Farms Inc.Marietta , OH
MS CO-VISTA SUPRSIRE LEE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2410201985597593.35Russell M GeorgeArcade , NY
NO-FLA MAURICE RAE 35753-ETMOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET2408149886508552.21North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
WEBB-VUE PREDESTINE 6909-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET2406151973498192.77Robert A. WebbPlymouth , WI
COOKIECUTTER PRE HANDFUL-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET2405177182647852.94Denise M. DickinsonHudson Falls , NY
FARNEAR MASCALESE 1720ZANI BOLTON MASCALESE-ET2403177598677363.33Rick & Tom Simon B & T Rauen &Farley , IA
BO-IRISH-RN SS CHARTERSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2401191370607563.04Gary Housner & Ronald SuhrElroy , WI
NORDIC-RIDGE SUPERS LEGACYSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET24012276109697493.21Mitch AmundsonDe Forest , WI
NO-FLA MAURICE SAR 35024-ETMOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET2399145861508532.2North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
S-S-I MYSTIC KACI 9075-ETS-S-I SHAMROCK MYSTIC-ET239999468528542.22Select Sires Inc.Plain City , OH
GLEN-D-HAVEN SUP BUMPKIN-ETBLUE-HORIZON ALTASUPLEX2399159558537193.6Paul & Jackie GlendeAltura , MN
HARTFORD ELECTN SARA 423-ETEILDON-TWEED SUP ELECTION2399110254418062.99Robert J. EusticeByron , MN
HARTLINE SS LELIA-RAE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2398158778558872.26Hartline Valley Farms Inc.Marietta , OH
BUTLERVIEW LET IT SHINE-ETVELTHUIS LET IT SNOW2394133852477193.59Jeffrey ButlerChebanse , IL
MORMANN LAT TAFFY 2295-ETGENERVATIONS LATIMER2394145566617632.98Jennifer MormannFarley , IA
CO-OP SPS PRUDENCE 7080-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2394251895797902.69Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
WELCOME SUPERSIRE LEOTASEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2392228482697603.16Welcome Stock Farm LLCSchuylerville , NY
MATCREST GALAXY CHARLEE-ETDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET2392176685637582.9Matthew R. JohnsonBaldwin , WI
ESKDALE MOGUL EXCEL EMMA-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2390105178467473.16Eskdale Center DairyEskdale , UT
KINGS-RANSOM PRED DEBBIE-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET2387138391528142.56Kings-Ransom Farm LLCSchuylerville , NY
NO-FLA GALAXY ZOEY 35590-ETDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET2386165397587982.51North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
LATUCH PETRONE LIGHT-ETWELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2382157958577872.5Roger & David LatuchSomerset , PA
R-E-W ELLYMAE-ETO-COSMOPOLITAN-ET2381224676726883.47Marc J. WolfLebanon , CT
ST GENOMICPRO MUFFYMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2381191073558022.41Sexing TechnologiesNavasota , TX
ZIMMERVIEW MORGAN BRINA-ETS-S-I BOOKEM MORGAN-ET2380122897548042.67Dean E. & Brent E. ZimmerMarietta , OH
MISS HJ NUMEROUNO RICKI-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2380109161477612.87Ken Horn & Curtis JohanssonLoyal , WI
NO-FLA LITHIUM REE 35570-ETS-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2379168240457932.81North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
NO-FLA GALAXY LORA 35639-ETDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET2379127993527642.72North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
MS GALAXY MURIEL-ETDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET2376114764477932.73Trans-America GeneticsSt-Hyacinthe QC , WI
AMMON-PEACHEY LR MISS PRISSGENERVATIONS LATIMER2375155056536783.69M & J Ammon & G S PeacheyLewistown , PA
LADIES-FIRST SS BEVERLY-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2372122088518372.51Barbara Mountain & Ladies FirsRocky Ridge , MD
WINDY-KNOLL-VIEW PANCO-TWSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2372189799598022.61James R. & Nina P. BurdetteMercersburg , PA
SPRUCE-HAVEN MASSEY 14691CO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ET2372179278607972.47Doug Young & James NocekUnion Springs , NY
LARCREST CINNABAR-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET237181087497103.39Jon E. LarsonAlbert Lea , MN
EDG ETTY MOGUL 2248-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2370116595547823.06Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
BOGHILL MOGUL S FAITH ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2370108866398192.66Holstein UKHerts WD3 3BB ,
BRYHILL SUPLEX MYSTIQUE-ETBLUE-HORIZON ALTASUPLEX2368157868597862.85Bryhill Farm IncOrmstown PQ , IA
JA-KNOLL MOGUL DAME-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL236879780417472.98Ja-Knoll DairyOronoco , MN
GUESE-PRTNS UNO RELISH-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2367103263487662.48Crossroads Dairy LLCPostville , IA
SANDY-VALLEY KRNCH TOPSY-ETHAMMER-CREEK FRED KRUNCH-ET2367205169546703.81Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point , WI
LARS-ACRES MOGUL 14639MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2367146152407133.52Michael A. LarsonEvansville , WI
SULLY CASUAL MCKAYLA-ETLARCREST CASUAL-ET2367178871627632.79Kyle PundsackFreeport , MN
DINOMI LTMR SARA 9735-ETGENERVATIONS LATIMER2365204674597902.8Dino & Mike MigliazzoAtwater , CA
WA-DEL-DM MCCUTCHEN CARA-ETDE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2365176867576033.88Darwin Gene HorstChambersburg , PA
ST GENOMICPRO OMYGOSH-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2365123573437483.24Sexing TechnologiesNavasota , TX
QUIET-BROOK-D PRE HOTROD-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET2365150158616843.46John & Denise DickinsonHudson Falls , NY
TJR ARITA MCCUT 2256DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET236384272455774.55Adolf Langhout & Tim RauenFarley , IA
MAPLEHURST EVEREST 2960STANTONS EVEREST236261174338452.12Maplehurst Farm LLCCuyler , NY
548077799-ET2362192988647752.42EurogenesFair Play , MD
KERNDTWAY LITHIUM HEMIS-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2361185071577632.54Regancrest FarmsWaukon , IA
EDG BABY UNO 2228-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2361138757457073.35Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
RONELEE GALXY DESIREABLE-ETDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET2361187874577512.75Sherman PolinderLynden , WA
WA-DEL-DM MCCUTCHEN CORA-ETDE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2360193251546333.79Darwin Gene HorstChambersburg , PA
EDG LACI SHOTGLASS 766-ETBUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET2359238776627542.72Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
CO-OP SPS 6292 7118-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2359178160517103.31Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
SAN-DAN LEX CANDICE 2318-ETGENERVATIONS LEXOR2358160076587652.89Daniel & Sandra MormannNew Vienna , IA
N-SPRINGHOPE SSIRE 2071-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2357151268618711.82J Kevin & Barbara NedrowClifton Springs , NY
HOS-COT RANSOM PEARL-ETDE-SU RANSOM-ET2357111572587083.03Samuel C CottrellHoosick , NY
T-SPRUCE SUPERSIRE 7472SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2356222899727662.65Arnold B. GruenesRichmond , MN
SEAGULL-BAY MAJIC DAY-ETMINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET2355122051477363.01Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls , ID
PENN-ENGLAND GINGER 9730-ETSOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD-ET2355166468617313.05Penn England LLCWilliamsburg , PA
AR-JOY SUPERSIRE FRITZY-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2355133479487872.47Duane & Marilyn HersheyCochranville , PA
ARMSON MOGUL EVELYNMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2354118269568371.93Armson Farms LLCPavilion , NY
S-S-I PRED MADDIE 9088-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET235388083498561.93Select Sires Inc.Plain City , OH
BACON-HILL PREDSTNE LEAH-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET2352115372567143.07Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLCSchuylerville , NY
SIEMERS SSIRE ROZANNERAE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET23501711117657202.77Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton , WI
MS EMILY HYPER BALLAD-ETSEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET2350172685596403.56Trans-America GeneticsSt-Hyacinthe QC , CA
MAPLEHURST SUPERSIRE 2957SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET23481581103608312.11Maplehurst Farm LLCCuyler , NY
WEBB-VUE SHOTGLASS 6913-ETBUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET2348160366398022.66Robert A. WebbPlymouth , WI
CURR-VALE SUPER DUCHESS-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2348181259597153.11Jessica Mae CurrieTully , NY
RI-VAL-RE DOLO OAKLEY-ETRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR DOLO-P-ET2347135261487722.65Aaron JorgensenWebberville , MI
NO-FLA ANDERSON 35259-ETVISION-GEN SHF ANDERSON-ET234681860388202.09North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
SIEMERS SSIRE ROZANNEMAE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2346153097517652.72Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton , WI
KENMORE CLOUDLESS DAY-ETMINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET2346159372557712.46Kenneth H. LarsonDowning , WI
LOT-O-ROK SHAM TASHIALADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2345160167537443.03Chamberlain Dairy Inc.Moses Lake , WA
SANDY-VALLEY HUNTR JULIE-ETCOOKIECUTTER MOM HUNTER-ET23442506104736743.29Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point , WI
HIGHERRANSOM PRED SALTY-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET234389775517802.36Jeffrey King & Fly-Higher HolsValley Falls , NY
GOLDEN-OAKS UNO CARLENE-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET234155976387523.03Golden Oaks FarmsWauconda , IL
HIGHERRANSOM PRED SASSY-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET233950465396853.2Jeffrey King & Fly-Higher HolsValley Falls , NY
TTM BRONO 30970-ETREGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET233896467478272.05Thomas T. MercuroRocky Ridge , MD
RI-VAL-RE EHARDT NIK-ETDA-SO-BURN MOM EARNHARDT P2338181889846862.75Aaron JorgensenWebberville , MI
SPRUCE-HAVEN LEXOR 14682GENERVATIONS LEXOR23381241100667522.61Doug Young & James NocekUnion Springs , NY
WOODCREST PREDEST LENTIL-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET233758585427682.85Woodcrest Dairy LLCLisbon , NY
PINE-TREE 4187 TAPE 5753-ETPINE-TREE BRIANNE TAPE-ET233767472337792.79Matthew J. SteinerMarshallville , OH
RICKLAND SUPERSIRE 4593-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2337190870577492.65Greg RickertEldorado , WI
SEAGULL-BAY EHDT MAJIC-ETDA-SO-BURN MOM EARNHARDT P2336175978707572.27Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls , ID
SPRUCE-HAVEN DESTINED *RC 146CURR-VALE DESTINED-ET233689959407392.91Doug Young & James NocekUnion Springs , NY
LARS-ACRES PETRONE 14710WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2335166649418012.33Michael A. LarsonEvansville , WI
APPEALING GALAXY HOOCHIEDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET2335208259567582.85S. Scott & April D. CooperDelta , PA
KINGS-RANSOM SHAN DIXA-ETLADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2335156288626933.06Kings-Ransom Farm LLCSchuylerville , NY
C-HAVEN MOGUL 1395-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2333123064506993.03T. Priest & T T. MercuroGreencastle , PA
NO-FLA SUPERSIRE 35696-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2333161976598221.63North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 6319-ETDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET233273459408751.61Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
VEKIS ELSA QUEEN-ETCO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ET2330111496517902.2EurogenesFair Play , MD
RI-VAL-RE SUPERSIRE NADOLASEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2330173371647512.34Aaron JorgensenWebberville , MI
S-S-I ARIWAMI OLEGANT DUSTYUFM-DUBS OLEGANT-ET232975067318001.96Brand Dairy FarmWaterloo , IN
INTENSE LITHIUM 1275-ETS-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2328167650537682.34Gregory W. CrouseSparta , NC
MS KOENEN NUMRO UNO 6022-ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2328139381427213.31A Dykshorn D Kaufmann & G KoeIreton , IA
BO-IRISH-RN MOG BIGWIG-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2328126183516803.35Gary Housner & Ronald SuhrElroy , WI
JE-KO MAN GUESS CRI-ETSULLY MANDORA CRI-ET232881561437172.78Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
SIEMERS HLINER ROZ-IS-IT-ETSEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET2327207190686313.39Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton , WI
BRYHILL SUPLEX MADALENA-ETBLUE-HORIZON ALTASUPLEX2326166649577202.76Bryhill Farm IncOrmstown PQ , IA
S-S-I PREDEST SINA 9091-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET2326189287547472.72Select Sires Inc.Plain City , OH
AURORA SHOTGLASS 13899-ETBUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET2326238562677352.7Aurora Ridge Dairy LLCAurora , NY
KINGS-RANSOM PREDES APPLERICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET232681064317412.97Kings-Ransom Farm LLCSchuylerville , NY
CO-OP GRAFEETI GABRIEL 7128LADYS-MANOR RD GRAFEETI-ET2325153270447822.35Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
BROEKS ENEKEM-ETDE-SU 521 BOOKEM-ET2325159055536923.17Broekhuis Vee & H.Overijssel 7665 TV ,
SANDY-VALLEY SUPRSIRE BO-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2325202282627223.19Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point , WI
MATT-DARI SUPERSI MAIZIE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2325211582577502.98Matthiae Dairy Farm Inc.Marathon , WI
NO-FLA CASUAL KYLA 35589LARCREST CASUAL-ET2324138459608451.48North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
MS SIZZLE CASHCOIN 772-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET2324131481477332.86Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
GIBBS MCC FINITYDE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2324126854506233.35Joseph J. GibbsEpworth , IA
EILDON-TWEED SS BELLA-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2322188494727013.09David R. WoodAmsterdam , NY
NO-FLA SUPERSIRE 35747-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2322143368617481.9North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
CO-OP LITHIUM 6287 7123-ETS-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2322133653447872.19Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
NO-FLA SUPERSIRE 35759-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2321183784587832.27North Florida HolsteinsBell , FL
SPRUCE-HAVEN MCCUTCHEN 14660DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2321105367496473.26Doug Young & James NocekUnion Springs , NY
RABUR MOGUL PICANTE-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2320109479377303.14R. Paul Buhr Jr.Viroqua , WI
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BRONO 2172REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET2320219365726673.05Rick & Tom SimonFarley , IA
T-SPRUCE DADDY 7468RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2318167536506413.54Arnold B. GruenesRichmond , MN
HAR-DALE-ACRES-JP PAPER-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2318197177707552.04Fred & Matt HarderAthens , WI
HILLS-END SS CURLEY SUE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2318137695507542.74Steven ConnersLake , MI
BLUMENFELD RAN BRIZA CRI-ETDE-SU RANSOM-ET231849783427682.27Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
EILDON-TWEED L CHASER-ETS-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2317156264507912.42David R. WoodAmsterdam , NY
EDG HALLE MCCUT 2117-ETDE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2317135055486993Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
AMMON FARMS STG MYALEXIS-ETBUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET2316215683587153.11Michael & Jill AmmonLewistown , PA
COASTAL-VIEW MD DYLA 430-ETSULLY MANDORA CRI-ET2316170747447912.29Jo L Averill FarmTillamook , OR
EDG ETTY MOGUL 2243-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL231696175477193.13Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
WELCOME PARKER-P WHIT-ETHICKORYMEA PARKER P-ET231685868517322.37Welcome Stock Farm LLCSchuylerville , NY
JOOK MAURICE 9224-ETMOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET2316130965457172.68Lester C. Jones & Sons Inc.Massey , MD
CO-OP SPS SIBELLA 7122-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET231695390487562.6Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
BINDERWAY O DELICIOUS-ETRONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2315162264515963.87Virgil GoodStevens , PA
N-SPRINGHOPE SUPERSIRE 2076SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2315167394617552.33J Kevin & Barbara NedrowClifton Springs , NY
DF LITHIUM BELLE A 1194-ETS-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2315143458477212.79Daisy Farms LLCParis , TX
EDG ARMADA MERIDIAN 2107SULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET2314135768556173.5Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse , IL
CO-VISTA ART DEZ-ETMR AUBREY OBSERVER ART-ET2314187444605953.71Russell M GeorgeArcade , NY
WILLSBRO MOGUL N PAMMYMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2314144470476613.35Wills BrosWadebridge Cornwall ,
HARTLINE SS LEXIE-RAE-ETSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2313100362386773.08Hartline Valley Farms Inc.Marietta , OH
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 6570-ETDE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET2313125644446832.7Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano , WI
WINDY-KNOLL-VIEW PANSIE-TWSEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2312170285486763.5James R. & Nina P. BurdetteMercersburg , PA
GIL-GAR PREDES MARACA-ETRICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET2312154087547972.24Stelling Farms Inc.Millville , MN
WSA COSMO-ETMOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2309111363447582.3A L H Genetics BVDamwoude ,
RI-VAL-RE SYMP AUBURN-ETDYMENTHOLM S SYMPATICO2309133371367952.46Aaron JorgensenWebberville , MI
ST GENOMICPRO BRINGO-ETSULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET2308201761656513.2Sexing TechnologiesNavasota , TX

Provided by Holstein Association USA
* GTPI is a Service Mark of Holstein Association USA

Top 500 New GPA LPI Females for July 2013

Here are the top 500 New GPA LPI females in Canada for July 2013.  Top dams of these 500 are COOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET (8), FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET (7) and BOMAZ BOOKEM 5402 (5).  Top sires are Supersire (66), Mogul (49). Mascalese (30), Number Uno (27), Cashcoin (21). McCutchen (17), Let It Snow (17), Earnhardt P (15), Galaxy (13) and Lexor (12).

NameLPISireDam Name
MAPEL WOOD SUPER GOOD LOOKING3525SUPERSIREOCONNORS PLANET LUCIA
BOMAZ ALTAOAK 60133490ALTAOAKBOMAZ OBSERVER 5406-ET
SULLY MAN-O-SHAN MARTHA-ET3487SHANSULLY PLANET MANITOBA-ET
GILLETTE SUPERSIRE DRIVE3481SUPERSIREGILLETTE M O M DRIVE
FARNEAR MASCALESE 17193454MASCALESEFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
SIEMERS MCCUTCH ROZ-ET3441MCCUTCHENCHERRY CREST MANOMAN ROZ
EDG LACI SHOTGLASS 766-ET3437SHOTGLASSFARNEAR-TBR-BH LACI-ET
AIJA SUPERSIRE MAKEA3435SUPERSIREAIJA MAN O MAN NAOMI
RI-VAL-RE EHARDT NIK-ET3434EARNHARDT PRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR NIKKI-ET
BOMAZ ALTAOAK 60233433ALTAOAKMS ROSYLANE OBSERVR5048-ET
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 22573425MOGULLADYS-MANOR S DAHLIA-ET
COOKIECUTTER AOAK HAWAII-ET3422ALTAOAKCOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
EDG 4858 MOGUL 2240-ET3411MOGULPINE-TREE 4233 OBSRV4858-ET
MS DELICIOUS CASHCALL3405CASHCOINMISS OCD ROBST DELICIOUS-ET
WISSELVIEW SUPER S CHEVELLE3388SUPERSIRELARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
AIJA SUPERSIRE NATALIA3379SUPERSIREAIJA MAN O MAN NAOMI
COMESTAR LAUSY SUPERSIRE3377SUPERSIRECOMESTAR LAUTAMIRE PLANET
S-S-I MOONRY LEIGHA 9081-ET3369MOONRAYS-S-I KRAMER LOY 7675-ET
RI-VAL-RE SYMP VIVIAN-ET3369SYMPATICOSONRAY-ACRES SOC OBSERVR VI
EDG RUBY EARN 22593366EARNHARDT PSANDY-VALLEY ROBUST RUBY-ET
SIEMERS S-SIRE ROZANNE-ET3364SUPERSIRESIEMERS WINDBK ROZANNE-ET
DUHOVENT SUPERSIRE LOVE ME ET3363SUPERSIREGEN-I-BEQ EVOLVE LOVELY
MORMANN MOGUL TATUM 23073358MOGULFARNEAR-REGAN M TEBBI-ET
GREENLANE SUPERSIRE SAIGE3356SUPERSIREMISTY SPRINGS OMAN SATIN
STE ODILE LIGHTSNOW PLAISANCE3356LIGHTSNOWSTE ODILE MANOMAN MOD PLATINE
SUNNYLODGE SUPERSIRE SCARLETT3356SUPERSIREMISTY SPRINGS OMAN SATIN
FARNEAR MASCALESE 17203355MASCALESEFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
EVELINA3352SUPERSIRENOVA SHOTTLE EVELYN-ET
MS DELICIOUS CASHDAY3352CASHCOINMISS OCD ROBST DELICIOUS-ET
DESLACS SUPERSIRE PETUNIA3345SUPERSIREFARNEAR-TBR WANNA PARTY-ET
MS KOOL COIN 22913335CASHCOINMS C-HAVEN OMAN KOOL-ET
GREENLANE SUPERSIRE SUSANNA3334SUPERSIREMISTY SPRINGS OMAN SATIN
COOKIECUTTER LETIT HAVED-ET3331LET IT SNOWCOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
FARNEAR HEADLINER 17223328HEADLINERFARNEAR-TBR-BH MADDY-ET
MS KOOL CC 22793327CASHCOINMS C-HAVEN OMAN KOOL-ET
MS KOOL COIN 22863325CASHCOINMS C-HAVEN OMAN KOOL-ET
COOKIECUTTER LETIT HAIKU-ET3323LET IT SNOWCOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
EDG SHAKER DAY 22763323DAYMS MOVIESTAR SHAKER-ET
ROORDA MAY MCBABY 15866-ET3318MAYFIELDROORDA OB MCKENZIE 15267-ET
MS DELICIOUS CASHTREE3317CASHCOINMISS OCD ROBST DELICIOUS-ET
EDG LORETTE MASC 2230-ET3317MASCALESEVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
LATUCH SUPER LABELLA-ET3313SUPERSIRELATUCH MAN O LEMMON
COOKIECUTTER PRED HAZARD-ET3313PREDESTINECOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
CEDARWAL SUPERSIRE BALTI3308SUPERSIRECEDARWAL GERARD BALI
EDG LACY COIN 22933307CASHCOINKELLERCREST MANOMAN LACY-ET
HEBERTVIEW SUPERSIRE DELIGHT3304SUPERSIRENAU CALIBER AMEWILL
FLINT-VILLE UNO YESTER-ET3300NUMERO UNOCOYNE-FARMS OBSERVER YES-ET
DESGRANGES MOGUL OBSESSION3297MOGULDESGRANGES MAN O MAN OBAMA ET
MS AMERICA LAITICIA-ET3296LATIMERSEAGULL-BAY MISS AMERICA-ET
LARCREST COLLAGE-ET3289NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALE-ET
FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASE 22733285SHOTGLASSLARCREST CASE-ETS
DONNANDALE HEADLINER JAZZFLUTE3284HEADLINERDONNANDALE MANOMAN JAKARTA
BOMAZ MOGUL 60103281MOGULBOMAZ BOOKEM 5402-ET
LARCREST CICADA-ET3278NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALE-ET
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN PAMMY-ET3278MERIDIANWILLSBRO PAMMY MAN-O-MAN
EDG CAITLYN DOORMAN 22743278DOORMANMS CHASSITY SNOW CAITLYN-ET
BRYHILL SUPLEX MYSTIQUE-ET3273ALTASUPLEXSULLY ROBUST 720-ET
EDG LORETTE MOGUL 22603269MOGULVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
SIEMERS HLINER ROZ-IS-IT-ET3267HEADLINERCHERRY CREST MANOMAN ROZ
MAPEL WOOD MASCALESE LUXURY3266MASCALESEOCONNORS PLANET LUCIA
SULLY MAN-O-SHAN MAE-ET3265SHANSULLY PLANET MANITOBA-ET
EDG SATURN SHOT 2238-ET3262SHOTGLASSSEAGULL-BAY SHAUNA SATURN
SIEMERS SSIRE ROZANNERAE-ET3262SUPERSIRESIEMERS WINDBK ROZANNE-ET
EDG CHRISTA LATIMER 2226-ET3259LATIMERLANGS-TWIN-B CHRISTA-ET
AIJA SUPERSIRE MARLO3257SUPERSIREAIJA MAN O MAN NAOMI
MOREL IREN3257LEXORELDORADO
LARCREST CIABATTA-ET3251NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALE-ET
BUTLERVIEW LET IT SHINE-ET3251LET IT SNOWVISION-GEN SHO A12024-ET
BOMAZ ALTAOAK 60143249ALTAOAKBOMAZ OBSERVER 5406-ET
WILLSBRO MOGUL S AMBER3248MOGULRIVERDANE SHOTTLE AMBER
GANDY OBSERVER PARADISE ET3246OBSERVERGANDY COLETTE ET
EDG BYSHA CC 22583243CASHCOINREGANCREST DGR BRYSHA-ET
AMMON FARMS STG MYALEXIS-ET3243SHOTGLASSAMMON FARMS OSVR MYLILAC-TW
FARNEAR MASCALESE 17053243MASCALESEFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
MATT-DARI SUPERSI MAIZIE-ET3240SUPERSIREFUSTEAD AL MARSH-MELLO-ET
BLUMENFELD RAN BRIZA CRI-ET3237RANSOMDA-SO-BURN OBS BANEAT-ET
DE-SU MOCHA 2702-ET3232MOCHADE-SU 1140-ET
ALL.NURE SUPERSIRE ALEXIA ET3231SUPERSIREALTA ET
WILLSBOR MOGUL AMBER3231MOGULRIVERDANE SHOTTLE AMBER
BOGHILL MOGUL S FAITH ET3230MOGULBOGHILL SUPERSTITION FAITH ET
GENERVATIONS MASCALESE LOLITA3229MASCALESEGENERVATIONS MOM LOLA
TJR ARITA MCCUT 22563229MCCUTCHENMS ARIEL MOMAN ARITA-ET
WALKERBRAE SS BETHANY3228SUPERSIREFRIESO SHOTTLE APPLE BLOSSOM
EDG ETTY MOGUL 2248-ET3226MOGULWELCOME BOOKEM ETTY-ET
S-S-I MOONRY LEONIE 9082-ET3223MOONRAYS-S-I KRAMER LOY 7675-ET
ROYAL HILL MCCUTCHEN SPARKY3223MCCUTCHENROYAL HILL MANOMAN SPARKY
MS DELICIOUS SINGER 764-ET3223SHOTGLASSMISS OCD ROBST DELICIOUS-ET
RICKLAND SUPERSIRE 4593-ET3221SUPERSIREHAMMER-CREEK SNO KASSIE-ET
ZIMMERVIEW MORGAN BRINA-ET3221MORGANROCKYPATH-HO MN BARBARA-ET
ALL.NURE SUPERSIRE ASIA ET3220SUPERSIREALTA ET
CO-OP SPS PRUDENCE 7080-ET3218SUPERSIREMS M-P DOLCE PRUDENCE-ET
NH SUPERSIRE REALTIME3218SUPERSIREKALB
RI-VAL-RE SUPERSIRE NADOLA3217SUPERSIRERI-VAL-RE DOLCE DESTINY-ET
MORMANN LAT TABINE 2297-ET3214LATIMERFARNEAR-REGAN TALSA-ET
MS AMERICA BRENDA-ET3213BENSEAGULL-BAY MISS AMERICA-ET
FARNEAR CASHCOIN 17183212CASHCOINFARNEAR ALICE OF ADEEN-ET
EDG LACY SHOT 2232-ET3212SHOTGLASSKELLERCREST MANOMAN LACY-ET
PREMIERWEST SUPERSIRE CANCUN3207SUPERSIRELARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
BOMAZ SUPERSIRE 60053207SUPERSIREBOMAZ IOTA 5423-ET
HIGHERRANSOM COIN STITCH-ET3206CASHCOINBRU-DALE MOM STARLY-ET
EDG ESTHER EARN 2245-ET3206EARNHARDT PMILLER-FF BOOKEM ESTHER-ET
EDG LORETTE MASC 2225-ET3205MASCALESEVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
HOS-COT RANSOM PEARL-ET3204RANSOMWELCOME MAN-O-MAN PAYOUT-ET
CCC MOGUL SPECIAL3203MOGUL
CO-OP SPS PRUDENCE 7079-ET3200SUPERSIREMS M-P DOLCE PRUDENCE-ET
BUTLERVIEW TJR SNOW 133199LET IT SNOWROCKING-P BOWSER LUNA-ET
SPRUCE-HAVEN MCCUTCHEN 146603198MCCUTCHENSPRUCE-HAVEN SUPR S13158-ET
3198EARNHARDT PPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
ALEXERIN MASCALESE 13663198MASCALESEALEXERIN OMAN 993
DES-Y-GEN HUNTER SAVANA3197HUNTERDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILKY
WISSELVIEW SUPERSIRE COSMO3197SUPERSIRELARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
WISSELVIEW SUPERSIRE DELILAH3197SUPERSIRELICKBER-I RMH GOLD DAHLIA
BOMAZ SUPERSIRE 60083197SUPERSIREBOMAZ OMAN 3512
FARNEAR NUMERO UNO 17043196NUMERO UNOFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
S-S-I OLYMIC EBONY 9079-ET3191OLYMPICS-S-I SHAMROCK ELI 7694-ET
EDG CASHBUST DOORMAN 22843191DOORMANFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHBUST-ET
GOLDEN-OAKS UNO CARLENE-ET3191NUMERO UNORUGG-DOC OBSV CARMINDSAY-ET
SAN-DAN SHAN LEONA 23063189SHANRICHMOND-FD AL LORELEI-ET
EDG LACY SHOT 2246-ET3189SHOTGLASSKELLERCREST MANOMAN LACY-ET
BRABANTDALE LET IT REIGN3188LET IT SNOWSPEEK-NJ MAN OMAN ROCKET-ET
BRABANTDALE LET IT REPEAT3188LET IT SNOWSPEEK-NJ MAN OMAN ROCKET-ET
SIEMERS MCUTCH REAL-GIRL-ET3188MCCUTCHENCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2283-ET
EDG JALA MOGUL 22673188MOGULBUTLERVIEW SR JEVEN JALA-ET
S-S-I OLYMP LATONYA 9073-ET3188OLYMPICTIGER-LILY SHAMROCK LENA-ET
ALNA SUPERSIRE BEATRICE3187SUPERSIRESIEMERS SNMAN BEJEWELED-ET
MAPEL WOOD MCCUTCHEN LOGAN3186MCCUTCHENOCONNORS PLANET LUCIA
SANDY-VALLEY SUPRSIRE BO-ET3185SUPERSIRESANDY-VALLEY BODACIOUS-ET
EDG ESTHER LEXOR 22853185LEXORMILLER-FF BOOKEM ESTHER-ET
COMESTAR LAMADONA DOORMAN3185DOORMANCOMESTAR LAUTAMAI MAN O MAN
WILLSBRO MOGUL PAMMY3185MOGULWILLSBRO NIAGRA PAMMY
GOLDEN-OAKS MAY MAJESTA-ET3185MAYFIELDGOLDEN-OAKS ROBUST MABEL-ET
SUNNYLODGE SPOTTIE3184LET IT SNOWMISTY SPRINGS MAN O MAN SATIN
FARNEAR MASCALESE 17073183MASCALESEFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
EDG STITCH COIN 22953182CASHCOINGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
CO-OP SPS SIBELLA 7122-ET3180SUPERSIREFUSTEAD SIBELLA CRI-ET
EDG LACY SHOT 22533179SHOTGLASSKELLERCREST MANOMAN LACY-ET
TJR ARITA MCCUT 22703179MCCUTCHENMS ARIEL MOMAN ARITA-ET
MATCREST GALAXY CHARLEE-ET3178GALAXYMATCREST IOTA COLORADO-ETS
HARTFORD ELECTN SARA 423-ET3178ELECTIONGNAT-HILL ROBUST ANDREA-ET
ALPHAGEN MCCUTCHEN MARINA3174MCCUTCHENGITOISE JAKE MARIZA
SNOWBIZ SYMPATICO SYLVANA3174SYMPATICOGEN-I-BEQ SNOWMAN SPRING
SIEMERS HLINER ROZ-THE-1-ET3174HEADLINERCHERRY CREST MANOMAN ROZ
EDG LORETTE MOGUL 22513173MOGULVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
MORSAN UNO CRIMSON3173NUMERO UNOLARCREST CINERGY-ET
MS SUPERSIRE B 3432-ET3173SUPERSIREMISTY SPRINGS SHOTTLE BREEZE
CO-OP BOXER TOPAZ-ET3170BOXERMS PRIDE PLNT TASKET 788-ET
EDG GIN RANSOM 7833169RANSOMSULLY HART GERARD 147-ET
SUNNYLODGE SUPERSIRE SOPHIA3168SUPERSIREMISTY SPRINGS OMAN SATIN
WELCOME SUPERSIRE LEOTA3166SUPERSIREWELCOME BAXTER LAILA-ET
OCONNORS MCCUTCHEN LUSCIOUS3166MCCUTCHENOCONNORS PLANET LUCIA
SIEMERS SSIRE ROZANNEMAE-ET3165SUPERSIRESIEMERS WINDBK ROZANNE-ET
MS SIZZLE CASHCOIN 772-ET3165CASHCOINVENTURE SHOTTBOLT SIZZLE P
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 22643164MOGULLADYS-MANOR S DAHLIA-ET
MATT-DARI SUPERSI MARNI-ET3163SUPERSIREFUSTEAD AL MARSH-MELLO-ET
S-S-I MSCLS MADELENA9089-ET3161MASCALESES-S-I COBRA MADIGAN 7614-ET
CEDARWAL NUMEROUNO CHROME3161NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALLAWAY-ET
SNOWBIZ MASCALESE LILA3160MASCALESECALBRETT SNOWMAN LANDI
MORMANN UNO ARABIA-ET3160NUMERO UNOVISION-GEN SH FRD A12304-ET
3160EARNHARDT PWEIGELINE OBSERVER 1869-ET
NO-FLA MAURICE SAR 35024-ET3160MAURICENO-FLA OBSERVER SANDY 30510
CO-OP SPS 6292 7118-ET3157SUPERSIRECO-OP CLARK YOYO 6292-ET
EDG ABYSS DOORMAN 22883156DOORMANRMW SNOWMAN ABYSS-ET
DG FANATIC LORRY-ET3156VEN DAIRY LIDIA 4
INTENSE OBSERVER 1239-ET3154OBSERVERCOMYN-PBCD SPLENDID-ET
BOMAZ MOGUL 59793154MOGULBOMAZ BOOKEM 5402-ET
CLAYNOOK DRESSY SYMPATICO3153SYMPATICOOCD PLANET DIAMOND-ET
SULLY RANSOM MARLY-ET3153RANSOMSULLY PLANET MANITOBA-ET
MS LATIMER MUSICAL-ET3152LATIMERMISS TMK ROBUST MUGSY-ET
CEDARWAL SUPERSIRE SWEET3152SUPERSIRECEDARWAL SUGA MOMMA
EDG ABYSS UNO 7793150NUMERO UNORMW SNOWMAN ABYSS-ET
SANDY-VALLEY KRNCH TOPSY-ET3148KRUNCHSANDY-VALLEY IOTA TOPAZ-ET
3148PREDESTINECOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
548077799-ET3147VEN DAIRY LIDIA 4
SUNNYLODGE SHARLENE3147LET IT SNOWMISTY SPRINGS MAN O MAN SATIN
EDG GERARD LITHIUM 22523145LITHIUMSULLY HART GERARD 147-ET
WILLSBRO YORIK PAMMY3144YORICKWILLSBRO PAMMY MAN-O-MAN
RI-VAL-RE SUPERSIRE DAY-ET3144SUPERSIRERI-VAL-RE SUPER NADINE-ET
BRYHILL SUPLEX MADALENA-ET3143ALTASUPLEXSULLY ROBUST 720-ET
EDG ESTHER EARN 2247-ET3143EARNHARDT PMILLER-FF BOOKEM ESTHER-ET
SANDY-VALLEY SWEETDREAMS-ET3142SUPERSIRESANDY-VALLEY DAY DREAM-ET
MORSAN SS ELLA3141SUPERSIRELOOKOUT PESCE SM ELLA
CLAYNOOK BRADLEE DOORMAN3140DOORMANMISTY SPRINGS M O M BACARDI
GREENVALLEY K&L MO DORIA3139MOGULREGAN-ALH PLANET DELORIA-ET
MARBRI MASCALISE BRISTLE3138MASCALESEMARBRI BAXTER BREEZE
FARNEAR MASCALESE 17063137MASCALESEFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
WEBB-VUE PREDESTINE 6909-ET3137PREDESTINEWEBB-VUE DOMAIN RHONDA-ET
MS SUPERSIRE B 3423-ET3137SUPERSIREMISTY SPRINGS SHOTTLE BREEZE
BO-IRISH-RN SS CHARTER3137SUPERSIREBO-IRISH-RN SUPER CHARM-ET
PREMIERWEST MOGUL CAMELLIA3136MOGULLARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
FARNEAR CASHCOIN 17173136CASHCOINFARNEAR ALICE OF ADEEN-ET
T-SPRUCE SUPERSIRE 74723136SUPERSIRELANGS-TWIN-B PEARL-ET
WELCOME-TEL MASSEY LIOLA-ET3135MASSEYKELLERCREST SUPER LIESL-ET
SNOWBIZ SYMPATICO SAL3135SYMPATICOGEN-I-BEQ SNOWMAN SUMMER
S-S-I PRED MADDIE 9088-ET3133PREDESTINES-S-I PEOTI MASH 7739-ET
COOKIECUTTER ALOAK HALEX-ET3133ALTAOAKCOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
EDG STITCH CC 22803133CASHCOINGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
EDG BRYSHA COIN 22623133CASHCOINREGANCREST DGR BRYSHA-ET
MILLER-FF HEAD ELLIE-ET3133HEADLINERMILLER-FF RAVISH ELINOR-ET
CEDARWAL LET IT EXPLODE3132LET IT SNOWWABASH-WAY BOLTON EMERY-ET
RI-VAL-RE SYMP ESCAPADE-ET3132SYMPATICORI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
COOKIECUTTER PRE HANDFUL-ET3132PREDESTINECOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
GO-FARM ECSTASSY ET3131FERNANDGO-FARM ESTER ET
WSA COSMO-ET3131MOGULAJDH ASMARA
EDG TRAC SHOT 22613131SHOTGLASSTRANQUILLITY AC DREARYS TRACE
AMMON FARMS MASEY MYLASS-ET3130MASSEYAMMON FARMS OBSVR MYLILY-TW
MORSAN HUNTER M ROBIN3130HUNTERROCKYMOUNTAIN METEOR ROBIN
FABEL MARIE CIEL MOGUL3130MOGULSYMA IOTA MARIE LUNE
EDG ADEEN MASCALESE 21483129MASCALESEFARNEAR READY FOR ADEEN-ET
WEBB-VUE SHOTGLASS 6913-ET3129SHOTGLASSWEBB-VUE SHAMROCK KAYLA-ET
FARNEAR MASCALESE 17213129MASCALESEFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
MORSAN SUPERSIRE M ALICIA3128SUPERSIREMORSAN MANOMAN G ALICIA
MISS MCCUTCHEN JAMACIA-ET3128MCCUTCHENMACLAND ATWOOD JULIET
TIGER-LILY SHAMROCK LENA-ET3128SHAMROCKTIGER-LILY DEANN LEANN
TRUSTMORE MOGUL LISA ET3127MOGULVELTHUIS PLANET LIZZY
KINGS-RANSOM SHAN DIXA-ET3126SHANKINGS-RANSOM IOTA DRAMA-ET
CONNY3126SHAMROCKMON-COPABOKA
BOMAZ MOGUL 59833125MOGULBOMAZ FREDDIE 5368
EDG STITCH COIN 22903124CASHCOINGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
MORMANN LAT TRANGA 23013120LATIMERFARNEAR-REGAN TALSA-ET
MS AMERICA BINETTE-ET3118BENSEAGULL-BAY MISS AMERICA-ET
EDG CASHBUST SNOW 2237-ET3118LET IT SNOWFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHBUST-ET
G M R DORCY ROZIE3116DORCYCHERRY CREST MANOMAN REBECA
ALL.NURE NUMERO UNO PIA ET3116NUMERO UNOALL.NURE SUPER POLLY ET
GOLDEN-OAKS MAY MADNESS-ET3115MAYFIELDGOLDEN-OAKS ROBUST MABEL-ET
EDG RUBY EARNHARDT 2242-ET3114EARNHARDT PSANDY-VALLEY ROBUST RUBY-ET
RIVER-BRIDGE SAJAC RACH-ET3113SAJACCO-OP RB OBSR RACHEL-ET
EDG MIKI SNOW 2118-ET3113LET IT SNOWAMMON-PEACHEY SUPER MIKI-ET
KINGS-RANSOM PRED DEBBIE-ET3112PREDESTINEKINGS-RANSOM DORC DEXTRA-ET
LARCREST CINNABAR-ET3112NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALE-ET
3112EARNHARDT PPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
MORMANN MOGUL TIMELY 23153110MOGULFARNEAR-REGAN M TEBBI-ET
SAN-DAN SHAN LIZA 22983108SHANRICHMOND-FD AL LORELEI-ET
MALIC PONDE ELISA3107LITHIUMPONDE FREDDIE EMIE
BOMAZ MOGUL 59783107MOGULBOMAZ BOOKEM 5402-ET
APRILDAY-CG SS LARAINA-ET3107SUPERSIRETIGER-LILY LAUGH PP-RED-ET
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN AMBER-ET3107MERIDIANRIVERDANE SHOTTLE AMBER
EDG HALLE MCCUT 2117-ET3107MCCUTCHENB&Z PLANET 7807 HALLE-ET
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BRONO 21723106BRONOB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
ZAHBULLS OAK ETA3105ALTAOAKBLUE-HORIZON PLAN EDITH-ET
SAN-DAN MOGUL SASSY 23123104MOGULUFM-DUBS SHERUN-ET
MS AMERICA LAILA-ET3103LATIMERSEAGULL-BAY MISS AMERICA-ET
BOMAZ ALTAOAK 60163103ALTAOAKBOMAZ OBSERVER 5406-ET
WESTENRADE CARRERA 1-ET3102MOGULWESTENRADE CARRERA
EDG BRYSCHA MOGUL 22633102MOGULMS FARNEAR BRCDE BRYSCHA-ET
MARIE MCCUTCHEN CHANEL3102MCCUTCHENGILLETTE IOTA CORVETTE
ROSYLANE-LLC MAURICE5975-ET3101MAURICEMS ROSYLANE OBSERVR5109-ET
ALL.NURE NUMERO UNO PAULA ET3100NUMERO UNOALL.NURE SUPER POLLY ET
BONACCUEIL EARNHARDT KATHE3098EARNHARDT PBONACCUEIL SNOWMAN CASSIE
BOMAZ ALTAOAK 60173098ALTAOAKMS ROSYLANE OBSERVR5048-ET
MORSAN UNO CINERGY3097NUMERO UNOLARCREST CINERGY-ET
AMMON-PEACHEY LR MISS PRISS3097LATIMERAMMON-PEACHEY B MISCHIEF-ET
WILLSBRO UNO CLASSY3095NUMERO UNOKOEPON SUPER CLASSY 70
WILLSBRO MOGUL N PAMMY3095MOGULWILLSBRO NIAGRA PAMMY
CO-OP SPS 6292 7124-ET3093SUPERSIRECO-OP CLARK YOYO 6292-ET
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 6570-ET3092GALAXYCO-OP UPD DOMAIN 4510-ET
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 6565-ET3090GALAXYCO-OP UPD DOMAIN 4510-ET
3090FRANKINSTEINWEIGELINE OBSERVER 1869-ET
S-S-I MYSTIC KACI 9075-ET3088MYSTICS-S-I CONSTANTINE O 7628-ET
RI-VAL-RE SYMP AUBURN-ET3087SYMPATICOSONRAY-ACRES SOC OBSERVR VI
WILLSBRO S MERIDIAN PAMMY-ET3087MERIDIANWILLSBRO PAMMY MAN-O-MAN
DINOMI LTMR SARA 9735-ET3086LATIMERDINOMI PLANET SEXY
JEANLU UNO BEAUTY3086NUMERO UNOFARNEAR BROCADES BEA-ET
LESPEREE ETERNITY GERRY3084ETERNITYLESPEREE MANIFOLD GESTRIE
EDG BRYSHA COIN 22653082CASHCOINREGANCREST DGR BRYSHA-ET
JK EDER COOSJE-ET3082JK EDER CINDERELLA
CO-OP LEXOR SAMARA 7120-ET3081LEXORWELCOME-TEL OBSER SAMARA-ET
MS SUPERSIRE B 3420-ET3081SUPERSIREMISTY SPRINGS SHOTTLE BREEZE
GOLDEN-OAKS-I MAYFIELD CARMEN3080MAYFIELDRUGG-DOC OBSV CARMINDSAY-ET
SPRINGHILL-OH M WHISPER-ET3079MORGANSPRINGHILL-OH DORCY WANDA
CLAYNOOK DRAMA SYMPATICO3078SYMPATICOOCD PLANET DIAMOND-ET
SNOWBIZ MCCUTCHEN DEE3078MCCUTCHENBROEKS DAISY-ET
SAN-DAN LEXOR CRUSH 2320-ET3078LEXORMS CHASSITY OBS CRYSTAL-ET
STE ODILE LIGHTSNOW PLEIADES3077LIGHTSNOWSTE ODILE MANOMAN MOD PLATINE
SPRUCE-HAVEN LEXOR 146823076LEXORPOTTERS-FIELD BOJA 9853-ET
BROEKS COTY-ET3075O-COSMOPOLITANBROEKS BETTY
MORSAN MAYFIELD M ROBIN3075MAYFIELDROCKYMOUNTAIN METEOR ROBIN
DES-Y-GEN LIGHTSNOW SANDY3075LIGHTSNOWDES-Y-GEN WINDBROOK SLIKY
DUDOC EARNHARDT ACCOLADE3072EARNHARDT PPARAMOUNT-MB OBSRV AKELA-ET
EDG STITCH CC 22783070CASHCOINGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
SAN-DAN LEX CANDICE 2318-ET3069LEXORMS CHASSITY OBS CRYSTAL-ET
ALPHAGEN MCCUTCHEN MARIZIE3069MCCUTCHENGITOISE JAKE MARIZA
JES-ET MOGUL PETUNIA3069MOGULMS C-HAVEN GERARD PANDA-ET
HOS-COT RANSOM PALE-ET3068RANSOMWELCOME MAN-O-MAN PAYOUT-ET
BRYHILL SUPLEX MARLEE-ET3068ALTASUPLEXSULLY ROBUST 720-ET
DPR EARNHARDT PARTY P3067EARNHARDT PWINDSOR-MANOR ZSH PANDA-ET
CEDARWAL LET IT ELECTRIFY3066LET IT SNOWWABASH-WAY BOLTON EMERY-ET
MS EMILY HARMONY-ET3066HEADLINERTRAMILDA-N BAXTER EMILY-ET
GITOISE ETERNITY MAGUY3065ETERNITYGITOISE JAKE MALY
CALBRETT MASCALESE LEAH3065MASCALESECALBRETT GOLDWYN LAYLA-ET
EDG BRYSHA EPIC 8090-ET3064EPICREGANCREST DGR BRYSHA-ET
FARNEAR-TBR-BH 2156-ET3063BRONOB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
ROSYLANE-LLC MAURICE5965-ET3063MAURICEMS ROSYLANE OBSERVR5109-ET
VANHAVEN MASC R SANDIE3063MASCALESENAVS M SHARLA-ET
BRABANTDALE HDLINER ROCKLAND3063HEADLINERSPEEK-NJ MAN OMAN ROCKET-ET
GLASSON NUMERO UNO G GLORA3062NUMERO UNOGLASSON JD GOLDWYN GLORA ET
SAN-DAN SHEGULL 23143062MOGULUFM-DUBS SHERUN-ET
CALBRETT MASCALESE LASS3061MASCALESECALBRETT GOLDWYN LAYLA-ET
QUIET-BROOK-D PRE HOTROD-ET3058PREDESTINECOOKIECUTTER MM HALLMARK-ET
MATT-DARI MAURICE DARSANO3058MAURICEMATT-DARI OBSERVER DOLLY-ET
GOLDEN-OAKS SPRS MARTINI-ET3058SUPERSIRESIEMERS EXPLD MARGARITA-ET
BOGHILL MOGUL S FAITH B ET3057MOGULBOGHILL SUPERSTITION FAITH ET
GILLETTE MASCALESE SNOOP3055MASCALESEGILLETTE S PLANET 2ND SNOOZE
2371402530-ET3055MASSEYHOOD M-O-M EVELYN
CO-OP SPS PRUDENCE 7081-ET3051SUPERSIREMS M-P DOLCE PRUDENCE-ET
COOKIECUTTER ELECT HOXIE-ET3051ELECTIONCOOKIECUTTER MOM HULA-ET
JOSEY-LLC EARNHART SILLY-ET3051EARNHARDT PDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILK
MILLER-FF MASC EVADOO-ET3051MASCALESENOVA SHOTTLE EVELYN-ET
CALBRETT LET IT SNOW EVE3050LET IT SNOWEVER-GREEN-VIEW ETA-ET
DE-SU DAY 2688-ET3050DAYDE-SU 1112-ET
COOKIECUTTER AOAK HASLET-ET3050ALTAOAKCOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
MORMANN LAT TAFFY 2295-ET3050LATIMERFARNEAR-REGAN TALSA-ET
NH MASCALESE FANTASTICA3050MASCALESENH SUPER FRANCHISE
SUNTOR SS LASHES3049SUPERSIRESUNTOR MAN O MAN LEANNE
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 6298-ET3049GALAXYCO-OP UPD RAMOS 3430
HAH SUDAN PATRON3049SUDANWELCOME BRONCO PATRON
COMESTAR LILACATE WORLDWIDE3049WORLDWIDECOMESTAR LILACATHY SNOWMAN
RUH MERIDIAN ANIQUE3047MERIDIANAMIDA
JIMTOWN LEXOR NARTANA-ET3045LEXORJIMTOWN OBSERVER NIZAH-ET
VANHAVEN MASC R SHARLIZE3045MASCALESENAVS M SHARLA-ET
JOSEY-LLC EARNHART SPOCK-ET3044EARNHARDT PDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILK
BOGHILL CM FAITH A ET3043CMBOGHILL SUPERSTITION FAITH ET
BO-IRISH-RN MOG BIGWIG-ET3043MOGULREGANCREST GOLD BRETTA-ET
EDG ETTY MOGUL 2243-ET3043MOGULWELCOME BOOKEM ETTY-ET
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 6319-ET3042GALAXYCO-OP UPD RAMOS 3430
DREBERT MERIDIAN AZIMUT3041MERIDIANDREBERT MAGNETISM AZOULE
AIJA SUPERSIRE MYA3041SUPERSIREAIJA MAN O MAN NAOMI
DEER-BROOK PEOTI 37113040PEOTIDEER-BROOK GERARD 3204-TW
3040NUMERO UNO
3040NUMERO UNO
SYLVANSIDE LEXOR LISA3040LEXORFLEURY GEN BAXTER LISA
MS EMILY HYPER BALLAD-ET3039HEADLINERTRAMILDA-N BAXTER EMILY-ET
BUTZ-HILL DOT MASSY 2249-ET3039MASSEYSPEEK-NJ SNOW DOTTIE RAE-ET
WILLSBRO FERNAND LILA Z-ET3039FERNANDWILLSBRO SHOTTLE HOW LILA Z
SNOWBIZ MCCUTCHEN CHLOE3038MCCUTCHENMS CHASSITY SNOW CARRIE-ET
KHW MOGUL AKAKO-ET3038MOGULKHW GOLDWYN AIKO-ET
BOMAZ LITHIUM 60023038LITHIUMBOMAZ ROBUST 5481-ET
EDG LILLICO MASC 2229-ET3037MASCALESEBOLDI SNOWMAN LILLICO
CCC COSMOPOLITAN EXTRA3037O-COSMOPOLITAN
BRYHILL SUPLEX MICA-ET3037ALTASUPLEXSULLY ROBUST 720-ET
WILLSBRO MOGUL DIOR RAE3036MOGULWILLSBRO PS DIOR RAE
MORSAN SG ALICIA3035SUPERSIREMORSAN MANOMAN G ALICIA
ZIMMERVIEW PARDISE SULLY-ET3034PARADISEZIMMERVIEW SUPER SIMONE-ET
STE ODILE SUPERSIRE MODEL JAVA3033SUPERSIRESTE ODILE MANIFOLD MODEL JADE
ROSYLANE-LLC RANSOM 59683032RANSOMROSYLANE BOWSER 5146
TELSTAR HUNTER DANELION-ET3031HUNTERDINTYS PAUL DIGNITY-ET
CROTEAU GALAXY MELBA3030GALAXYREGANCREST-I MILLION MELANNY
S-S-I SHTGLS SIRENA 9000-ET3029SHOTGLASSFUSTEAD DOMAIN SHOPPER-ET
BACON-HILL PREDSTNE LEAH-ET3029PREDESTINEGOLDEN-OAKS LATTE-ET
WILLSBRO MOGUL SHO AMBER3029MOGULRIVERDANE SHOTTLE AMBER
GILLETTE CARAMINATOR TINA3028CARAMINATORGILLETTE M O M TAHITI
BUTLERVIEW LET IT SUN-ET3028LET IT SNOWVISION-GEN SHO A12024-ET
CANCO MERIDIAN LOREL3028MERIDIANAMITIES SHOTTLE LOVER
BLONDIN MCCUTCHEN AMAZING3028MCCUTCHENRWM SNOW ANGEL-ET
GO-FARM KAMERY ET3027MERCHANDISEGEGANIA LONAR K
BROEKS ENEKEM-ET3027BOOKEMMS RYAN-CREST ENERGIZE-ET
KAKOUNA GILLESPY CASPY3027GILLESPYKAKOUNA DUPLEX CASMY
HIGHERRANSOM OAK SILLY-ET3026ALTAOAKBRU-DALE MOM STARLY-ET
DURESEAU OBLIK BREWMASTER3026BREWMASTERDURESEAU OTELLO BOLTON
LATUCH PETRONE LIGHT-ET3026PETRONELATUCH OMAN LIBERTY
SNOWBIZ SUPERSIRE LYNDSEY3026SUPERSIRECALBRETT SNOWMAN LEXIE
UNITED-PRIDE MANDORA 65063026MANDORAUNITED-PRIDE FREDDIE 4614
DONNANDALE DAY LUVA3023DAYDONNANDALE WINDBROOK LYN
GEN-I-BEQ MASCALESE ANNSO3023MASCALESEKHW-I AIKA BAXTER
NH MASCALESE ELENA3023MASCALESENH SNOW ELIGHT
ERBCREST PHOENIX MARLENE3023PHOENIXERBCREST DUPLEX MARVELLOUS
SYLVANSIDE LEXOR LILA3023LEXORFLEURY GEN BAXTER LISA
WELCOME MASCALESE LAUREL-ET3023MASCALESEWELCOME O-STYLE LONNIE-ET
SUNNYLODGE SINDY3022LET IT SNOWMISTY SPRINGS MAN O MAN SATIN
CO-OP BOXER APPLE 7069-ET3022BOXERRICHLAWN SUPER APRIL APPLE
BOMAZ LITHIUM 60273022LITHIUMBOMAZ BOOKEM 5402-ET
INTENSE OBSERVER 1238-ET3021OBSERVERCOMYN-PBCD SPLENDID-ET
FILIALE MOGUL SMARY3021MOGULLESPERRON SHOTTLE SPLENDA
SANDY-VALLEY S BOONDOCKS-ET3021SUPERSIRESANDY-VALLEY BODACIOUS-ET
UFM-DUBS SHEROHE-ET3021HEADLINERUFM-DUBS SHEROW-ET
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 64153021GALAXYCO-OP TRIGG YANCIE 6309-ET
SAN-DAN LEXOR CASEY 2319-ET3021LEXORMS CHASSITY OBS CRYSTAL-ET
SNOWBIZ SYMPATICO SKY3020SYMPATICOGEN-I-BEQ SNOWMAN SPRING
CO-OP UPD DAY 64303020DAYCO-OP UPD GWN 3502-ET
CO-OP DD GALAXY 40059-ET3020GALAXYCO-OP TRIGG ABIGAIL 6402-ET
EDG ETTY MONARCH 22873019MONARCHWELCOME BOOKEM ETTY-ET
MS SIZZLE CASHCOIN 781-ET3018CASHCOINVENTURE SHOTTBOLT SIZZLE P
CO-OP PUZZL ROSETTE 7111-ET3018PUZZLECO-OP M-P ATWOOD ROSETTE-ET
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN PLEDGE-ET3018MERIDIANWILLSBRO EVOLVE PLEDGE
MS AMERICA LOTTERY-ET3017LATIMERSEAGULL-BAY MISS AMERICA-ET
SPRUCE-HAVEN DESTINED *RC 14653017DESTINEDSPRUCE-HAVEN ROB BS13135-ET
CO-OP 7119-ET3017MAURICECO-OP CALIBER MARA 6293-ET
CO-OP SPS RAPTUROUS 7082-ET3016SUPERSIREHARMONY-HO SIGNI RAPTUROUS
SANDY-VALLEY KRNC TOPEKA-ET3016KRUNCHSANDY-VALLEY IOTA TOPAZ-ET
EDG RUBY GC REEBA 163015GOLD CHIPSANDY-VALLEY ROBUST RUBY-ET
FARNEAR CASHCOIN 17163015CASHCOINFARNEAR ALICE OF ADEEN-ET
CREEK MCCUTCHEN HEIDI3014MCCUTCHENCREEK AL HILDA
LOTTI-ET3014JK EDER GOLDSTAR 2
LEOTHE SUPERSIRE LAURIE3013SUPERSIRELEOTHE BRETT LUCIDE
EDG CASHBUST¿GALAXY 22503012GALAXYFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHBUST-ET
EDG JALA MOGUL 22663012MOGULBUTLERVIEW SR JEVEN JALA-ET
GITOISE ETERNITY MAGGIE3012ETERNITYGITOISE JAKE MALY
S-S-I MOONRAY LAURA 9072-ET3011MOONRAYS-S-I KRAMER LOY 7675-ET
BLONDIN HEADLINER LAUZYA3010HEADLINERLESPEREE METEOR LAUZI
WILLSBRO BREWMASTER LILA Z3009BREWMASTERWILLSBRO PLANET LILA Z
DIANA3009MERIDIANDAGGI
GLASSON UNO G GLORA3009NUMERO UNOGLASSON JD GOLDWYN GLORA ET
VEKIS ELSA QUEEN-ET3008MASSEYELTES
CEDARWAL SUPERSIRE EDGY3008SUPERSIREWABASH-WAY SHOTTLE ELLYN-ET
LOOKOUT PESCE NATASHA3007HEADLINERGOLD-N-OAKS O NOVA2269-ET
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN PLEDGE 35-ET3007MERIDIANWILLSBRO EVOLVE PLEDGE
VICTORIA MASSEY KERRY3007MASSEYVICTORIA SUPER KIRBY
HYDE-PARK MASSEY 44333007MASSEYHYDE-PARK ARMY 3584-TW
BONACCUEIL EARNHARDT PANAMA P3006EARNHARDT PWINDSOR-MANOR ZSH PANDA-ET
AIMONETTA UNO LUCY ET3005NUMERO UNOOWN GOLD LUCILLE
DE OOSTERHOF O HAPPY3005DADDYDG EROSHINE FR
EDG CASHBUST DOOR 22893004DOORMANFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHBUST-ET
SAN-DAN MOGUL SHEMO 23023003MOGULUFM-DUBS SHERUN-ET
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN ATLEE-ET3002MERIDIANHEAVENLY MOM ATLEE
MORMANN LAT TUSKY 2294-ET3002LATIMERFARNEAR-REGAN TALSA-ET
CASTEL MOGUL TALQUEE ET3001MOGULVIDIA DEMELLO RAVISANTE
IDILLY P2M3000LAVAMANG DILLY P2M
EDG ETTY UNO 7703000NUMERO UNOWELCOME BOOKEM ETTY-ET
CROTEAU DAKKER SALSA2999DAKKERGEN-I-BEQ GERARD SAMMY
LEOTHE HEADLINER LAURA2999HEADLINERLEOTHE BRETT LUCIDE
SULLY LITHIUM MARY-ET2998LITHIUMSULLY PLANET MANITOBA-ET
JEANRI PHOENIX PONPON2998PHOENIXJEANRI BOLY PETALE
WELCOME-TEL PREDSTN LIZA-ET2998PREDESTINEKELLERCREST SUPER LIESL-ET
JS MISS MADEIRA-ET2997DADDYJ.S. MISS MERIBEL
WELCOME-TEL RANSOM LEETA-ET2997RANSOMKELLERCREST SUPER LIESL-ET
POM IERE2996NUMERO UNOEGALE POM
AMMON FARMS MASY MYLAYLA-ET2996MASSEYAMMON FARMS OBSVR MYLILY-TW
WILLSBRO N UNO O DOLLY ET2995NUMERO UNOWILLSBRO ONWARD DOLLY
TRUSTMORE MOGUL LILAC ET2995MOGULVELTHUIS PLANET LIZZY
EDG BABY UNO 2228-ET2994NUMERO UNOOCONNORS SUPER BABY
MATCREST SHAN CHESSA-ET2994SHANMATCREST RADON CRIMSON-ET
CLAYNOOK DOWRY SYMPATICO2993SYMPATICOOCD PLANET DIAMOND-ET
JEANLU MOGUL FIESTA2993MOGULSPEEK-NJ OBSERV FANDANGO-ET
SPRUCE-HAVEN PAR SX14654-ET2991PARKERSPRUCE-HAVEN OBS SX12849-ET
QUIET-BROOK-D MERID FALLAX2991MERIDIANQUIET-BROOK-D BRONCO FALI
WILLSBRO A N UNO PAMMY2990NUMERO UNOWILLSBRO BAXTER PAMMY ET
GITOISE ETERNITY MAGIE2990ETERNITYGITOISE JAKE MALY
2990PERRY
ALL.NURE MACALESE BELLINA2990MASCALESEALL.NURE SHOTTLE BLUEBELLE ET
A-L-H BETHANY2989LITHIUMA-L-H PLANET BRIDGET
BOMAZ SUPERSIRE 59742989SUPERSIREBOMAZ PARKER 5321-ET
SYLVANSIDE REGINA MOGUL2987MOGULSYLVANSIDE SHOTTLE REGINA
CO-OP LITHIUM 6287 7123-ET2986LITHIUMCO-OP CLARK TASKET 6287-ET
2986SUPERSIREWELCOME JEEVES PERLY-ET
RI-VAL-RE EHARDT CHIPS-P-ET2986EARNHARDT PRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR SALSA-ET
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN E PLEDGE-ET2985MERIDIANWILLSBRO EVOLVE PLEDGE
HOOD LEXIA2984LEXORMARWIL LM REBECCA
CALBRETT MASCALESE LILLIANNE2983MASCALESECALBRETT GOLDWYN LAYLA-ET
RI-VAL-RE DOLO OAKLEY-ET2983DOLO-PRI-VAL-RE SUPER NIKE-ET
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 6301-ET2983GALAXYCO-OP UPD RAMOS 3430
SNOWBIZ GALAXY LUPIN2981GALAXYSILVERRIDGE SNOW LIZZY
R-E-W LAYNE PINK CRI-ET2981LAYNEWABASH-WAY EVES EASY PEA-ET
PELLERAT MOGUL SANDY2981MOGULPELLERAT BAXTER SARIE
WILLSBRO FERNAND HOW LILA Z-ET2980FERNANDWILLSBRO SHOTTLE HOW LILA Z
MOREL IDOL2980LEXORELDORADO
CO-OP GRAFEETI GABRIEL 71282980GRAFEETIJE-KO GABRIEL CRI-ET
CO-OP UPD PUZZLE 64842980PUZZLECOMYN-PBCD SUMMER CRI-ET
STE ODILE LIGHTSNOW PACIFICA2980LIGHTSNOWSTE ODILE MANOMAN MOD PLATINE
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN S AMBER-ET2979MERIDIANRIVERDANE SHOTTLE AMBER
EDG ABYSS DOORMAN 22812978DOORMANRMW SNOWMAN ABYSS-ET
SANDY-VALLEY KRN TOPANGA-ET2976KRUNCHSANDY-VALLEY IOTA TOPAZ-ET
WILLSBRO MERIDIAN SHO LILA Z-E2975MERIDIANWILLSBRO MOM SHO LILA Z
SIEMERS SHIMONE 199522974SHIMONESIEMERS DORCY 16120
SIEMERS MASCALESE BOMBI-ET2974MASCALESEGEN-I-BEQ SHOTTLE BOMBI
ST MAYFIELD MAKIO2974MAYFIELDGOLDEN-OAKS ROBUST MABEL-ET
S-S-I PREDEST SINA 9091-ET2974PREDESTINEHAPPYDANNY SNOW STORM-ET
ROXY2974MOGULBOUW MOM ROXY
K&K GAMES 87272973MOGUL
BOMAZ LITHIUM 60312973LITHIUMBOMAZ BOOKEM 5402-ET
LEOTHE SUPERSIRE DAUPHINE2973SUPERSIRELEOTHE BAXTER DAPHNEE
DES-Y-GEN HUNTER SYLKIA2972HUNTERDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILKY
MILLER-FF MASC EVIE-ET2971MASCALESENOVA SHOTTLE EVELYN-ET
CLAYNOOK DIOR SYMPATICO2971SYMPATICOOCD PLANET DIAMOND-ET
HIGHERRANSOM PRED SALTY-ET2970PREDESTINEBRU-DALE MOM STARLY-ET
RZH ADELAIDE2969MAYFIELDKHW SUPER ADERYN-ET
BERGITTE HUNTER HELIA2969HUNTERBERGITTE ASHLAR HAVARD
6217686931-ET2968MOGULFOTTO MAE
CALBRETT LET IT SNOW LIGHTLY2968LET IT SNOWCALBRETT GOLDWYN LAYLA-ET
SPRUCE-HAVEN MASSEY 146912967MASSEYSPRUCE-HAVEN FRED A13182-ET
FABEL DELPHIE MERIDIAN2967MERIDIANSYTOMAX DORICE BAHAMAS
KINGS-RANSOM PREDES APPLE2966PREDESTINEN-SPRINGHOPE NIAGRA ANNA-ET
KINGS-RANSOM CASHCN DELL-ET2966CASHCOINKINGS-RANSOM BAXTER DOLLY
KINGS-RANSOM KRUNCH EXPERT2965KRUNCHKINGS-RANSOM MAN-O EPPIE-ET
KERNDTWAY ROBUST HEMI-ET2965ROBUSTKERNDTWAY POLD PLANET-ET
AARDEMA ANDERSON 14282965ANDERSON
MS DOTTIE MASSEY 22542965MASSEYSPEEK-NJ SNOW DOTTIE RAE-ET
BONACCUEIL LET IT SNOW CAMILIA2963LET IT SNOWGILLETTE IOTA CARMELA
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BEN 2227-ET2963BENB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
WILLSBRO M YORIK G ROXY-ET2963YORICKWILLSBRO GARRETT ROXY
BROWNTOWN LD MOGUL LIVELY2963MOGULFRUEH MAN O MAN LOOK AT HER
BROWNTOWN LD MOGUL LUCKY2963MOGULFRUEH MAN O MAN LOOK AT HER
SIEMERS MORGAN BLOOM2962MORGANSIEMERS EXPLODE BLOOM
CO-OP DD GALAXY 40058-ET2962GALAXYCO-OP TRIGG ABIGAIL 6402-ET
CHARPENTIER DESTINED SPACE2962DESTINEDCHARPENTIER FBI SIERRA
WILLSBRO UNO GHOST2961NUMERO UNOWILLSBRO GOLD GHOST ET
VICTORIA VITTEK DANELLE2960ALTAVITTEKVICTORIA SUPER DANNI
ROYAL HILL PLANET SPARKME2960PLANETROYAL HILL MANOMAN SPARKME
CO-OP UPD GALAXY 6342-ET2959GALAXYCO-OP UPD RAMOS 3430
MATT-DARI MAURICE DESTRY2959MAURICEMATT-DARI OBSERVER DARIA-ET
CO-OP UPD MOONBOY 66232959MOONBOYCO-OP FRANK ROBIN 6330-ET
DES-Y-GEN HUNTER SUBLIME2958HUNTERDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILKY

 

Top 200 New Genomic Females in the USA for June 2013

Provided by Holstein Association USA
* GTPI is a Service Mark of Holstein Association USA

NameBirthdateSireGTPI*MilkFatProteinNM$OwnerState/Ctry
EDG LACY SHOTGLASS 737-ET04/21/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET257516538559980Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
WINROSS LEXOR MARLENE-ET03/02/2013GENERVATIONS LEXOR2571157510864944Steven S. LantzLeola, PA
WELCOME JEROD GOLA04/18/2013DE-SU JEROD 1223-ET2569165410357949Welcome Stock Farm LLCSchuylerville, NY
SIEMERS UNO BOMBI-ET04/14/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET255364910751902Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton, WI
SWAMPY-HOLLOW HOPE03/15/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET253720619265924Joseph Lee & Kristen S. LusbyAtglen, PA
MAPLEHURST MOGUL 287001/26/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL2525190686651029Maplehurst Farm LLCCuyler, NY
EDG LORETTE UNO 2198-ET04/25/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET251115537760794Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
MORMANN UNO TAHITI 2268-ET04/13/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET251014589962870Jennifer MormannFarley, IA
JENNITON D-TELLO GINNY-ET04/18/2013MR OCD ROBUST DONATELLO-ET2505190810975859Jenniton Registered HolsteinsBarneveld, WI
DE-SU LATIMER 2687-ET04/03/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER249914106759928Darin MeyerNew Albin, IA
SYNERGY PIONEER03/24/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET249912248050879Synergy Farm LLCPulaski, WI
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BRONO 216904/11/2013REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET249922898572783Rick & Tom SimonFarley, IA
LARCREST CUTIE-ET04/25/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET249848210137917Jon E. LarsonAlbert Lea, MN
SSI PREDESTINE 9056-ET04/30/2013RICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET249618019274858Select Sires Inc.Plain City, OH
FRONT-ROW JVOLKER CASSIE-ET11/05/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET249518886766868Mark L. KnudtsonWaukon, IA
RONELEE SUPERSIRE TARA-ET02/16/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET249519039671852Sherman PolinderLynden, WA
EDG GEN HL GABE02/09/2013SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET248819958859871Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
EDG SATURN MOGUL 2175-ET04/13/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL248812778656856Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
DE-SU SHAN 2701-ET04/11/2013LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET248417616071757Darin MeyerNew Albin, IA
T-GEN-AC LATIMER DREAM-ET04/19/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER248312924450847Tim ClarkBrownsburg-Chatham, IA
SEAGULL-BAY LTMR MAGICAL-ET04/15/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER248216807067873Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls, ID
SYNERGY POTOGOLD03/17/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2482146010568867Synergy Farm LLCPulaski, WI
EDG LUCKI SHOTGLASS 742-ET04/23/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET247814556450864Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
BRYHILL RANSOM MARQUISSE-ET04/19/2013DE-SU RANSOM-ET247514359061932Bryhill Farm IncOrmstown PQ, IA
DE-SU SHAN 272504/23/2013LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2473225610870875De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
SEAGULL-BAY SH MYLADY-ET04/19/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2469164010962869Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls, ID
VEKIS CHELSEA04/07/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET246819108061834EurogenesFair Play, MD
CLAYTONCREST MERRY MAE-ET02/14/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET246415187055721David Lee ClaytonGranger, IN
PEN-COL UNO MARY-ET04/04/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET245916907868800D. C. & C. F. Wolff JrMillville, PA
DE-SU MORGAN 272704/25/2013S-S-I BOOKEM MORGAN-ET245421659268738De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
SSI MOONRAY 9071-ET05/06/2013DE-SU RB MOONRAY 11038-ET245214459866864Select Sires Inc.Plain City, OH
LANGS-TWIN-B DADDY 4976-ET04/11/2013RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET245020484858772F. & L. Baumann and F. LangMarathon, WI
JOLICAP HDLNR HUATA-ET04/27/2013SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET245024329374822Ferme Jolicap IncCap St Ignace PQ, CA
DE-SU ODADDY 272204/21/2013RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET244811796453771De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
URSA-GRASS UNO CALGARY-ET01/11/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET244710868356777Bears Grass Dairy Inc.Augusta, WI
SULLY CASUAL MALIA-ET04/25/2013LARCREST CASUAL-ET244519897365794Kyle PundsackFreeport, MN
EDG NETANIA SUPER 2193-ET04/22/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET244417247751735Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BRONO 220404/27/2013REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET244417775857764Rick & Tom SimonFarley, IA
PUNDSACK SUPRSIRE GLORIA-ET04/23/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET244417487470810Kyle Keith PundsackFreeport, MN
WOODCREST MCCTCHN LACONA-ET04/08/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET244212985752751Woodcrest Dairy LLCLisbon, NY
WINROSS LEXOR MELISSA-ET03/03/2013GENERVATIONS LEXOR2442142811070772Steven S. LantzLeola, PA
EDG HALLIE SHOTGLASS 745-ET04/25/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET244118318964864Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
SEAGULL-BAY LTMR MIRAGE-ET04/08/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER243914005255827Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls, ID
S-S-I SHAW STEVIE 9015-ET04/20/2013SEAGULL-BAY SHAW-ET243725849281810Select Sires Inc.Plain City, OH
SANDY-VALLEY MORGAN CALVARY03/31/2013S-S-I BOOKEM MORGAN-ET2436198210263790Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point, WI
EDG CHRISTA LATIMER 2195-ET04/24/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER243512995257769Jeffrey Jet ButlerSpringfield, IL
STOCKHAVEN SS DESI04/03/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET243419758460831Brad StockmanPine River, MN
CLEAR-ECHO ODADDY 2941-ET03/31/2013RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET243410715747835Matthew F. PeckSchuylerville, NY
EDG LACI UNO 755-ET04/28/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET243418437653824Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
ROB-KAR MOGUL CAPPY-ET02/08/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL243314048056800Robert L. & Karen L. DillerChambersburg, PA
S-S-I PLATINM MARKE 9050-ET04/28/2013SEAGULL-BAY PLATINUM-ETS243217638864835Select Sires Inc.Plain City, OH
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2898-ET02/01/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET243014078763755Clear Echo Farm LLCSchuylerville, NY
VIEW-HOME MRDIAN IOWA-ET03/22/2013SULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET242920986460788Country Dairy Inc.New Era, MI
LADYS-MANOR GRACIE-ET03/26/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2428206811068830Ladys Manor LLCMonkton, MD
RONELEE SUPRSIRE TWINKLE-ET03/01/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET242717857361824Sherman PolinderLynden, WA
337230593304/04/2013CO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ET242317517967788EurogenesFair Play, MD
PRIDE MOGUL TURLOCK 1091-ET10/23/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL242313096344809R Green Acres Inc.Pepin, WI
AURORA SHOTGLASS 13879-ET04/21/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET241817495958858Aurora Ridge Dairy LLCAurora, NY
PENN-ENGLAND TARMAC 9747-ET02/23/2013MOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET241723138970818Barry & Diane EnglandWilliamsburg, PA
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 2180-ET04/17/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL241515599857775Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
SEAGULL-BAY SH LANA-ET04/03/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER241423477377755Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls, ID
S-S-I SHAN MTDEW04/25/2013LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET241316735959745Woodcrest Dairy LLCLisbon, NY
RICHMOND-FD MARQUETTE-ET03/24/2013SULLY MANDORA CRI-ET241311995953739Chas A Jr & John L RichmondNorth Collins, NY
SANDY-VALLEY SS BLUE IVY04/06/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET241217109063806Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point, WI
DE-SU LATIMER 2696-ET04/07/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER241117926770727Darin MeyerNew Albin, IA
SEAGULL-BAY SH LILAC-ET12/31/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET241122536672848Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls, ID
EDG DOMINIQUE MCCUT 2199-ET04/25/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET241013185848695Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
KP-ACK MOGUL 348-ET03/09/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL240917705457752Kevin & Pete AckermanSauk Rapids, MN
SYNERGY POLLY04/30/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL240916279866834Synergy Farm LLCPulaski, WI
SIEMERS LATIMER ROZZI-ET03/24/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER240818997067739Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton, WI
EDG ESTHER MOGUL 215304/06/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL240615098358743Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
JERESA MOGUL PAULA-ET02/22/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL240610105539748Jere L & Teresa J BrubakerMyerstown, PA
CAMPA UNO SECRET FIV ET03/10/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET24037049637850EurogenesFair Play, MD
LANGS-TWIN-B S-SIRE 4981-ET04/26/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET240315488758831F. & L. Baumann and F. LangMarathon, WI
HAMMER-CREEK SPRSIRE KOMIKA04/11/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET240317588057758Lavern MartinLebanon, PA
SULLY CASUAL MADALYN-ET04/12/2013LARCREST CASUAL-ET240312386149803Kyle PundsackFreeport, MN
FLY-HIGHER JEROD MUSIC04/29/2013DE-SU JEROD 1223-ET240218439254887Fly-Higher Holsteins LLCValley Falls, NY
CO-OP OFFIE LAGOON 7052-ET02/07/2013CLEAR-ECHO OBSERVR OFFIE-ET240113915944795Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano, WI
EDG HALLIE SHOT 2161-ET04/09/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET240118598964820Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
WELCOME MORGAN PORTIA03/24/2013S-S-I BOOKEM MORGAN-ET240017987062808Welcome Stock Farm LLCSchuylerville, NY
WOODCREST MCCTCH YOSISTA-ET04/04/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET239820608265817Woodcrest Dairy LLCLisbon, NY
EDG CASHBUST MOGUL 215404/07/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL239811059152840Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
CLEAR-ECHO BRONO 2926-ET03/16/2013REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET239717167065781Clear Echo Farm LLCSchuylerville, NY
WOODCREST MCCUTCHN LEMON-ET04/06/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET23967765643728Woodcrest Dairy LLCLisbon, NY
DE-SU LATIMER 2697-ET04/09/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER239616144556740Darin MeyerNew Albin, IA
SEAGULL-BAY MAJIC ACT-ET04/15/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER239613566252802Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls, ID
FARNEAR-TBR-BH 2158-ET04/08/2013REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET239516056352686Rick & Tom SimonFarley, IA
TWIN-SPRUCE CUZY-ET04/17/2013REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET239422119573834Chad FeltenRose Creek, MN
BUSH-BROS SUPERSIRE 4625-ET03/13/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET239320059165883David Leroy & Bradley NosbushFairfax, MN
EDG LORETTE UNO 222105/07/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET239318408262752Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
HARTFORD ANDRN JOKER 416-ET04/01/2013VISION-GEN SHF ANDERSON-ET239210817339769Robert J. EusticeByron, MN
NO-FLA MOGUL RALEY 35302-ET02/24/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL23908807449874North Florida HolsteinsBell, FL
DE-SU LATIMER 2705-ET04/13/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER239018386962788De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
EDG DOMINIQUE MCCUT 2186-ET04/20/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET238910068245739Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
NORTH-ECHO MASSEY 2920-ET03/10/2013CO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ET238821257270803Clear Echo Farm LLC & North FoSchuylerville, NY
GOLD-N-OAKS HARLOW2629-ET04/27/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET238810325648776John & Judy SwensonBarneveld, WI
EASTVIEW SSIRE PENNY LL-ET02/25/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET238718428966844Eastview Farm Inc.Beaverdam, VA
EDG DOMINIQUE MCCUT 2185-ET04/17/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET238713487743791Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
FUSTEAD MOGUL SAGA CRI-ET03/30/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL238611437948815Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano, WI
ERROLSTON EPIC GAMA ET03/19/2013GENERVATIONS EPIC238619217061780Holstein UKHerts WD3 3BB,
414970311601/24/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET238517575847761SDM - Danish Holstein AssociatDK-8200 Aarhus N.,
SANDY-VALLEY HDLNR BEYHA-ET02/25/2013SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET238514517453799Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point, WI
SIEMERS DAY CENTURY-ET03/18/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET238424377765779Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton, WI
MATCREST LATIMER CANVAS-ET05/01/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER238411146547692Matthew R. JohnsonBaldwin, WI
FLINT-VILLE UNO YARD-ET02/28/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET238314048359702Lynford & Kevin BurkholderLebanon, PA
LARCREST COTILLON-ET04/28/2013GENERVATIONS EPIC238217225855775Jon E. LarsonAlbert Lea, MN
JK EDER CINDERE 404/18/2013238112836954815EurogenesFair Play, MD
DANHOF MC DARING04/05/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET238115257760634Jason & Sheri DanhofWaukon, IA
CO-OP DD 40053-ET03/04/2013DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET238013069145749Darin DykstraMaurice, IA
MS SAINTVILLE UNO MULAN-ET12/15/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET237918475457757Mallory GroupNorwood, MN
DE-SU DAY 2707-ET04/13/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET237920357253715De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
JOSEY-LLC FERNAND SCOOP-ET04/27/2013CABON FERNAND2379130610256843Josey 101 LLCTrempealeau, WI
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 2178-ET04/17/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL237921508062790Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
CLEAR-ECHO DONATELO 2903-ET02/08/2013MR OCD ROBUST DONATELLO-ET237813197256774Clear Echo Farm LLCSchuylerville, NY
DIRT-ROAD SS COUNTESS-ET04/19/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET237810849966838Steve & Amanda KillianBlair, WI
SIEMERS DAY CENTURIA-ET03/20/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET237715385255741Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton, WI
PLAIN-KNOLL BRANSON EVELINA04/08/2013SANDY-VALLEY BRANSON-ET237710077934853Buschur Dairy Farms Inc.New Weston, OH
CURR-VALE SYM APPLEMINT-ET04/15/2013DYMENTHOLM S SYMPATICO237721297968696Chad W CurrieTully, NY
SANDY-VALLEY SSIRE COCOA-ET03/19/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET237616267757770Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point, WI
LADYS-MANOR MC GIZZELE10/09/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET237615647554696Ladys Manor LLCMonkton, MD
VIEW-HOME AERO INDIANA-ET03/16/2013REGANCREST-GVH AERO-ET237610386442777Country Dairy Inc.New Era, MI
ZANDENBURG UNO EBONY03/27/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET23755388544753EurogenesFair Play, MD
WOODCREST MCTCHN YAHOTTI-ET04/09/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET237419086460725Woodcrest Dairy LLCLisbon, NY
DE-SU DAY 2708-ET04/13/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET237418247457742De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
SKYHIGH MOG RACER 2590-ET04/29/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL237214376651808A L H Genetics BVDamwoude,
DE-SU DAY 2721-ET04/20/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET237212726545701De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
SSI PREDESTINE 9068-ET05/04/2013RICKLAND PREDESTINE 669-ET237111859555843Select Sires Inc.Plain City, OH
DIRT-ROAD CALAMITY JANE04/17/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET237118998263817Steve & Amanda KillianBlair, WI
MS LATIMER LYNDSEY-ET04/08/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER237117146048769Trans-America Genetics & TranqSt-Hyacinthe QC, CA
TWIN-SPRUCE CYANE-ET04/24/2013REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET237020978072777Chad FeltenRose Creek, MN
SEAGULL-BAY MAJIC SHOW-ET04/18/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER236914496158731Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls, ID
OCD SKIPPY SUPER 901903/26/2013OCD ROBUST SKIPPY-ET236716926962767Oakfield Corners DairyOakfield, NY
MILLER-FF LAT ELVIRA-ET04/22/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER23678615934736Joshua & Nicole MillerGlenwood City, WI
AURORA DEAN 1381003/23/2013RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET236719045060812Aurora Ridge Dairy LLCAurora, NY
EDG LILLICO MOGUL 2150-ET04/03/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL236715917861739Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
CO-OP DD 40051-ET02/27/2013DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET236620958462731Darin DykstraMaurice, IA
EDG GIN RANSOM 746-ET04/25/2013DE-SU RANSOM-ET23669366647762Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
FARNEAR-BH SS MADA-ET01/13/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET236518257467776Tom SimonFarley, IA
EDG STITCH HEADLINER SHAKER04/30/2013SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET236512177652788Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
AMMON FARMS LATIMR DUTCH-ET04/22/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER236414935650741William R. & Michael W. AmmonLewistown, PA
FRIESS-JK MCTHEN GEM-ET04/18/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET236413604749702Kevin FriessConway Springs, KS
COOKIECUTTER DAY HALEY-ET04/14/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET236315107352665Denise M. DickinsonHudson Falls, NY
EDG STITCH RANSOM 743-ET04/24/2013DE-SU RANSOM-ET23639198443731Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
EDG HALLIE SHOT 2166-ET04/10/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET236322558266808Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
SIEMERS BEN ROZANNE-BABE-ET04/16/2013COYNE-MCGARR OBSRVER BEN-ET236217508055652Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton, WI
EDG CAITLYN MCCUT 2202-ET04/26/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET236217976658752Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
ROB-KAR MOGUL CLOVER-ET02/04/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL236210667846759Robert L. & Karen L. DillerChambersburg, PA
GIL-GAR S-SIRE FANTASIA-ET04/26/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET236218908550858Stelling Farms Inc.Millville, MN
KP-ACK MAURICE MIMI CRI-ET04/03/2013MOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET236113446546837Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano, WI
PEN-COL UNO MAY-ET04/07/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET236117566866769D. C. & C. F. Wolff JrMillville, PA
TWIN-SPRUCE CLASSY04/12/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET236014007856748Chad FeltenRose Creek, MN
JENNITON D-TELLO ESTHER-ET04/17/2013MR OCD ROBUST DONATELLO-ET236014399659705Jenniton Registered HolsteinsBarneveld, WI
MS SUNVIEW LIS AMARA-ET04/02/2013VELTHUIS LET IT SNOW235812945349664Sebastien DionPintendre PQ, WI
WOODCREST MERIDI YABETTR-ET04/16/2013SULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET235718105654726Woodcrest Dairy LLCLisbon, NY
CO-OP LITHUM TASKET 7061-ET02/20/2013S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET235721396258746Genesis Cooperative HerdShawano, WI
COYNE-FARMS DAY YANNA-ET04/03/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET235711866249765Coyne Farms Inc.Avon, NY
DE-SU SALEEN 2493-ET01/11/2013FUSTEAD SALEEN235719955362763Darin MeyerNew Albin, IA
WILLOWS-EDGE SUSI FABLE-ET03/01/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET235713239348689Hendrik W. Van DykNew Richmond, WI
ST GENOMICPRO EPPY-ET03/04/2013SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET235611699449713Sexing TechnologiesNavasota, TX
EDG LACY SHOTGLASS 748-ET04/26/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET235620448275763Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
T-GEN-AC PTRN JANNICK-ET04/24/2013WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET235611528036794Tim ClarkBrownsburg-Chatham, IA
AMMON FARMS SPRSRE DRIFTER04/27/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET235515117152772William R. & Michael W. AmmonLewistown, PA
DE-SU SHOTGLASS 2699-ET04/10/2013BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET235515327357849De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
SANDY-VALLEY SUPLX CELSI-ET03/12/2013BLUE-HORIZON ALTASUPLEX235414107051789Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point, WI
SEAGULL-BAY MOGUL 1703-ET12/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL235417757260765Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.American Falls, ID
VIEW-HOME MRDIAN LSIANA-ET03/23/2013SULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET235414624248674Country Dairy Inc.New Era, MI
ORD CHELSE02/11/2013GENERVATIONS EPIC235310266346793Diamond Genetics FranceHonfleur,
AURORA LEXOR 13870-ET04/17/2013GENERVATIONS LEXOR235315559267759Aurora Ridge Dairy LLCAurora, NY
JERESA MASSY PASSER-ET02/19/2013CO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ET235313526658766Jere L & Teresa J BrubakerMyerstown, PA
DE-SU CASUAL 271804/19/2013LARCREST CASUAL-ET235218916360824De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
EILDON-TWEED SSR BELLR-ET04/21/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET235220409978735David R. WoodAmsterdam, NY
STONYVALE LTMR YELLOWSTONE03/25/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER235113955551740Stonyvale Inc.Exeter, ME
EDG BRYSHA DAY 736-ET04/19/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET23515806635773Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
KLASSIC LATIMER BRELLA04/10/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER235111394648780Larry & William ClaytonWaseca, MN
MS AMERICA DAYLIGHT-ET04/14/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET235117908261742Trans-America GeneticsST-HYACINTHE QUE, WI
ST GENOMICPRO GIRLY03/13/2013GEN-I-BEQ LAVAMAN23506676742723Sexing TechnologiesNavasota, TX
S-S-I PLATINM MASON 9024-ET04/23/2013SEAGULL-BAY PLATINUM-ETS235012066952782Select Sires Inc.Plain City, OH
BULLCREST LATIMER 7696-ET04/22/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER234920674760733Carlton C. BullWest Chazy, NY
OCD LATIMER TABLOID-ET04/05/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER23498056537686Oakfield Corners DairyOakfield, NY
SANDY-VALLEY MCC ECHO-ET03/17/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET23498817254714Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg BStevens Point, WI
SPRUCE-HAVEN MOG ZP14604-ET04/01/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL234910196935783Doug Young & James NocekUnion Springs, NY
PEN-COL UNO ADELE-ET04/03/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET234915756753725D. C. & C. F. Wolff JrMillville, PA
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BRONO 216204/09/2013REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET234819085361669Rick & Tom SimonFarley, IA
HARTFORD ANDR AUBURN 412-ET03/29/2013VISION-GEN SHF ANDERSON-ET234814657250723Robert J. EusticeByron, MN
BOGHILL MASSEY S FAITH03/23/2013CO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ET234714488054804Holstein UKHerts WD3 3BB,
SSI TABLE 9054-ET04/29/2013CLEAR-ECHO TABLE 757-ET234614265052761Select Sires Inc.Plain City, OH
CLEAR-ECHO MONARCH 2934-ET03/25/2013S-S-I TWIST MONARCH-ET234610625741706Clear Echo Farm LLCSchuylerville, NY
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 222305/07/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL234615108951738Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
DF SUPERSIRE KSNDRA 1177-ET04/07/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET234518616364753Daisy Farms LLCParis, TX
CLEAR-ECHO BRONO 2924-ET03/16/2013REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET234418337871670Clear Echo Farm LLCSchuylerville, NY
GENESEE SUPERSIRE MOJITO04/11/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET234419388959786Mulligan Farm Inc.Avon, NY
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2726-ET04/24/2013SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET234415737457768De Su Holsteins LLCNew Albin, IA
COURTLANE-MS MCUTCHN MEG-ET03/08/2013DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET23447116038729Scott & Shane Courtney & MarkRidgeway, IA
PINE-TREE 4639 MOGU 5735-ET04/22/2013MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL23437707039808Matthew J. SteinerMarshallville, OH
JOSEY-LLC FERN SCOOTER-ET04/27/2013CABON FERNAND2343126811657854Josey 101 LLCTrempealeau, WI
HOLYLAND MXER ELITE 2116-ET10/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MIXER-ET234217068262721Daniel F. & Joseph N. LoehrMount Calvary, WI
SIEMERS DAY CENTERFOLD-ET03/21/2013MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET234218827562748Siemers Holstein Farms Inc.Newton, WI
HAMMER-CREEK HEDLINR KONNIE03/16/2013SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET234219297265722Lavern MartinLebanon, PA
EDG LORETTE UNO 2197-ET04/25/2013AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET234213917156742Elite Dairy Genomics LLCChebanse, IL
EDG CHRISTA LATIMER 221205/03/2013GENERVATIONS LATIMER234213034751716Jeffrey Jet ButlerSpringfield, IL

Top 500 New gLPI Females for June 2013

NameBirthLPISireDam Name
MS DELICIOUS SUNDAY13-Apr3649SHOTGLASSMISS OCD ROBST DELICIOUS-ET
BRYHILL RANSOM MARQUISSE-ET13-Apr3567RANSOMSULLY ROBUST 720-ET
GINARY SUPERSIRE NICOLE13-Mar3506SUPERSIREGINARY OMAN OMAN NICOLE
MS DELICIOUS SUNSHINE13-Apr3505SHOTGLASSMISS OCD ROBST DELICIOUS-ET
DE-SU SHAN 2701-ET13-Apr3504SHANDE-SU 410-ET
S-S-I SHAW STEVIE 9015-ET13-Apr3456SHAWHAPPYDANNY SNOW STORM-ET
EDG LACY SHOTGLASS 737-ET13-Apr3439SHOTGLASSKELLERCREST MANOMAN LACY-ET
DE-SU MORGAN 272713-Apr3436MORGANDE-SU 907-ET
JOLICAP HDLNR HUATA-ET13-Apr3426HEADLINERFARNEAR HEAVENS HUNNY-ET
JENNITON D-TELLO GINNY-ET13-Apr3419DONATELLOJENNITON M-O-M SAVANA-ET
MS DELICIOUS LATENIGHT13-Apr3416LATIMERMISS OCD ROBST DELICIOUS-ET
COOMBOONA LEXOR BOLTANA-IMP-ET13-Feb3401LEXORWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
SSI MOONRAY 9071-ET13-May3395MOONRAYS-S-I BOOKEM MODESTO7269-ET
EDG HALLIE SHOT 2161-ET13-Apr3393SHOTGLASSB&Z PLANET 7807 HALLE-ET
DE LA CAVEE SS SUPER LOVE ET13-Mar3389SUPERSIREGEN-I-BEQ EVOLVE LOVELY
EBA INES13-Mar3385MOGULEBA GRETA
EDG LACY SHOTGLASS 748-ET13-Apr3383SHOTGLASSKELLERCREST MANOMAN LACY-ET
STANTONS SS EVERYYNA13-Apr3381SUPERSIRESTANTONS FORK EYESPOT
13-Apr3374DADDYPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
SHOTGLASS 673013-May3373SHOTGLASSS-S-I SHAMROCK MENNA7392-ET
DE-SU SHAN 272513-Apr3371SHANDE-SU 610-ET
EDG SATURN MOGUL 2175-ET13-Apr3360MOGULSEAGULL-BAY SHAUNA SATURN
STANTONS OBSERVER EA FRENZY11-Apr3354OBSERVERWABASH-WAY EMILYANN-ET
EDG HALLIE SHOTGLASS 745-ET13-Apr3349SHOTGLASSB&Z PLANET 7807 HALLE-ET
EDG LORETTE UNO 2198-ET13-Apr3346NUMERO UNOVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
CEDARWAL LETITSNOW MRS CLAUS13-Mar3345LET IT SNOWLARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 2180-ET13-Apr3344MOGULLADYS-MANOR S DAHLIA-ET
SIEMERS DAY CENTURY-ET13-Mar3337DAYSIEMERS SNMAN CENTURIA-ET
WELCOME JEROD GOLA13-Apr3336JERODWELCOME RUSSELL GOTCHA
AIR LEXLY13-Apr3335LEXORTEEMAR AIRLINE
DE-SU SHOTGLASS 2699-ET13-Apr3331SHOTGLASSDE-SU 1027-ET
LOOKOUT PESCE NOKIA13-Feb3328HEADLINERGOLD-N-OAKS O NOVA2269-ET
SSI PREDESTINE 9056-ET13-Apr3327PREDESTINES-S-I BOOKEM MODESTO7269-ET
S-S-I PLATINM MARKE 9050-ET13-Apr3326PLATINUMS-S-I SHAMROCK MESA 7388-ET
MORMANN UNO TAHITI 2268-ET13-Apr3326NUMERO UNOFARNEAR-REGAN TALSA-ET
DESLACS SUPERSIRE MAYLA13-Mar3325SUPERSIREDESLACS BOLTON MAY
GLAUDALE BIGSNOW LETITSNOW13-Apr3324LET IT SNOWGLAUDALE BRIANA EVOLVE
NAULY SUPERSIRE ANASTASIA13-Mar3322SUPERSIRENAULY MAN O MAN ALLIE
BROOKE13-Feb3320EPICMAPEL WOOD MAN O MAN BROOKE
ESPANIA12-Nov3320MIXERESPANIA
COOMBOONA LEXOR KYANA-IMP-ET13-Jan3319LEXORWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
FORTALE SUPERSIRE MARILA13-Mar3319SUPERSIREFORTALE MARSIE OBSERVER
GLAUDALE SNOW DAY13-Apr3315LET IT SNOWGLAUDALE BRIANA EVOLVE
OCONNORS MCCUTCHEN LUCIANA13-May3315MCCUTCHENOCONNORS PLANET LUCIA
GINARY SUPERSIRE NELLY13-Mar3313SUPERSIREGINARY OMAN OMAN NICOLE
SANDY-VALLEY HUNTR JULIE-ET13-Mar3312HUNTERSANDY-VALLEY IOTA JEWEL-ET
MS AMERICA DAYLIGHT-ET13-Apr3310DAYSEAGULL-BAY MISS AMERICA-ET
SANDY-VALLEY SS BLUE IVY13-Apr3308SUPERSIRESANDY-VALLEY OBS BEYONCE-ET
STANTONS SS WISTYRIA13-Apr3307SUPERSIRESTANTONS RIVALRE P WENDI-ET
SIEMERS DAY CENTERFOLD-ET13-Mar3306DAYSIEMERS SNMAN CENTURIA-ET
SKYHIGH MOG RACER 2590-ET13-Apr3305MOGULCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2283-ET
EBA HANOI12-Nov3304MOGULEBA FUN
SANDY-VALLEY MORGAN CALVARY13-Mar3304MORGANLARCREST CALIA-ET
EVE13-Feb3304HEADLINEROCD DORCY MEMPHIS EVE-ET
JENNITON D-TELLO BECKY-ET13-Apr3301DONATELLOJENNITON M-O-M SAVANA-ET
MORSAN SUPERSIRE ELLA13-Apr3300SUPERSIRELOOKOUT PESCE SM ELLA
FARNEAR MCCUTCHEN 170013-Apr3299MCCUTCHENFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
FARNEAR MOGUL 2283-ET13-Apr3297MOGULRICHMOND-FD AL LORELEI-ET
VELTHUIS B SHAMROCK ALIVIATE12-Jul3296SHAMROCKVELTHUIS SG MOM ALESIA
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 2178-ET13-Apr3293MOGULLADYS-MANOR S DAHLIA-ET
CLEAR-ECHO MCUTCHEN 2899-ET13-Feb3292MCCUTCHENCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
DANHOF MC DARING13-Apr3290MCCUTCHENABBY-CONTOUR DOMAN DASHA-ET
EDG GIN RANSOM 746-ET13-Apr3290RANSOMSULLY HART GERARD 147-ET
DUKEFARM CHARLENE13-Apr3288SUPERSIREVISSTEIN CECYL
EDG RUBY SHOTGLASS 2159-ET13-Apr3288SHOTGLASSSANDY-VALLEY ROBUST RUBY-ET
EDG TRAC UNO 216413-Apr3286NUMERO UNOTRANQUILLITY AC DREARYS TRACE
GO-FARM KRISTINE13-Mar3286MERIDIANGEGANIA LONAR K
GINARY SUPERSIRE NORA13-Apr3283SUPERSIREGINARY OMAN OMAN NICOLE
COOMBOONA MAYFIELD SHANA-IMP-E13-Jan3281MAYFIELDAMMON-PEACHEY SHANA-ET
AARDEMA SUPERSIRE 3572-ET13-Feb3279SUPERSIREAARDEMA JAYTON 88961
DE-SU DAY 2709-ET13-Apr3277DAYDE-SU 410-ET
VELTHUIS B SHAMROCK ALENNA12-Jun3277SHAMROCKVELTHUIS SG MOM ALESIA
MAPLEHURST MOGUL 287013-Jan3276MOGULMAPLEHURST PLANET 2337-ET
TWIN-SPRUCE CUZY-ET13-Apr3275BRONOTWIN-SPRUCE FRED CADETTE-ET
EDG TRAC UNO 76213-May3274NUMERO UNOTRANQUILLITY AC DREARYS TRACE
EDG LILLICO MOGUL 2150-ET13-Apr3273MOGULBOLDI SNOWMAN LILLICO
EDG ESTHER MOGUL 215313-Apr3272MOGULMILLER-FF BOOKEM ESTHER-ET
COOKIECUTTER DAY HALEY-ET13-Apr3271DAYCOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
GINARY SUPERSIRE NICKY13-Mar3269SUPERSIREGINARY OMAN OMAN NICOLE
EDG LILLICO MASCALESE 221713-May3267MASCALESEBOLDI SNOWMAN LILLICO
FARNEAR MOGUL 2285-ET13-Apr3265MOGULRICHMOND-FD AL LORELEI-ET
EDG LUCKI SHOTGLASS 742-ET13-Apr3265SHOTGLASSFARNEAR-TBR-BH LUCKI-ET
SEAGULL-BAY SH MYLADY-ET13-Apr3264NUMERO UNOAMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA-ET
EDG TRAC UNO 74713-Apr3262NUMERO UNOTRANQUILLITY AC DREARYS TRACE
DIRT-ROAD SS COUNTESS-ET13-Apr3262SUPERSIREDIRT-ROAD MANOMAN CAVIAR-ET
VENTURE SUPERSIRE SNOW13-Feb3262SUPERSIREVENTURE SHOTTBOLT STORMY P
BLONDIN PHOENIX AMARULA13-Mar3259PHOENIXBLONDIN MAN O MAN ARKANSAS
BLONDIN PHOENIX ALWAYS13-Mar3259PHOENIXBLONDIN MAN O MAN ARKANSAS
KP-ACK MOGUL 348-ET13-Mar3257MOGULKP-ACK METEOR MOSCHO-ET
SULLY ERNHRT KIWI 405-ET13-Mar3253EARNHARDT PSULLY PLANET MANITOBA-ET
EDG TRAC SHOT 220913-May3252SHOTGLASSTRANQUILLITY AC DREARYS TRACE
EDG TIGER MCCUT 2053-ET13-Feb3252MCCUTCHENLISMORE OBSERVER TIGER-ET
PONDEROSA NUEMRO UNO PAYASA-ET13-Mar3251NUMERO UNOLAKESIDE SNOWMAN PAYA
EDG LACY SHOTGLASS 221813-May3250SHOTGLASSKELLERCREST MANOMAN LACY-ET
S-S-I PLATNM MICKEY 9014-ET13-Apr3248PLATINUMS-S-I SHAMROCK MESA 7388-ET
13-Apr3248RANSOMDE-SU 1114-ET
EDG LORETTE UNO 222113-May3248NUMERO UNOVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
SAN-DAN GAL LUSTRIE 2267-ET13-Apr3246GALAXYRICHMOND-FD AL LORELEI-ET
SSI OLYMPIC 9066-ET13-May3246OLYMPICSULLY HARTFORD SNWMN 286-ET
EDG CT UNO 221413-May3245NUMERO UNODE-SU 199-ET
SILVERRIDGE MASCALESE AAILYAH13-Feb3243MASCALESESPRINGHILL-OH D ALEESHA-ET
EDG HALLIE SHOT 2166-ET13-Apr3241SHOTGLASSB&Z PLANET 7807 HALLE-ET
DIRT-ROAD CALAMITY JANE13-Apr3240SUPERSIREDIRT-ROAD GRD CLEOPATRA-ET
VIEW-HOME MRDIAN IOWA-ET13-Mar3240MERIDIANPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
SIEMERS UNO BOMBI-ET13-Apr3239NUMERO UNOGEN-I-BEQ SHOTTLE BOMBI
EDG HALLIE SHOTGLASS 741-ET13-Apr3239SHOTGLASSB&Z PLANET 7807 HALLE-ET
SEAGULL-BAY SH LANA-ET13-Apr3238LATIMERAMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA-ET
SIEMERS BEN ROZANNE-STAR-ET13-Apr3238BENSIEMERS WINDBK ROZANNE-ET
GANDY NUMERO UNO SIRACUSA ET13-Jan3237NUMERO UNOGANDY ERMIONE
SANDY-VALLEY MCC ECHO-ET13-Mar3237MCCUTCHENWINTERLANCE ROBUST ELENA
MS SUNVIEW LIS AMARA-ET13-Apr3234LET IT SNOWMS ARIEL FREDDIE ANNA-ET
CLEAR-ECHO BRONO 2924-ET13-Mar3234BRONOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2118-ET
COOKIECUTTER DAY HAHA-ET13-Apr3233DAYCOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
SIEMERS DAY CENTURIA-ET13-Mar3232DAYSIEMERS SNMAN CENTURIA-ET
SANDY-VALLEY MCC ELAINE-ET13-Mar3231MCCUTCHENWINTERLANCE ROBUST ELENA
SYNERGY POLLY13-Apr3230MOGULSYNERGY PLANET POLKA-ET
EDG DOMINIQUE MCCUT 2186-ET13-Apr3229MCCUTCHENLADYS-MANOR DOMINIQUE-ET
13-Feb3229MIXERSABLE
STANTONS SUPERSIRE BERNADETTE13-Apr3229SUPERSIRESTANTONS PLANET BOGO
CEDARWAL SUPERSIRE CHEVETTE13-Jan3227SUPERSIRELARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2898-ET13-Feb3225NUMERO UNOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
337230593313-Apr3224MASSEYHOOD M-O-M EVELYN
STANTONS SS EDWEENA13-Apr3224SUPERSIRESTANTONS DSB ELAYNE
CEDARWAL SUPERSIRE LADYBUG13-Jan3222SUPERSIRECEDARWAL BOLTON LADY
FORTALE SUPERSIRE MARA13-Mar3221SUPERSIREFORTALE MARSIE OBSERVER
MAPEL WOOD MASC LIMELIGHT13-Apr3219MASCALESEOCONNORS PLANET LUCIA
EDG RUBY SHOTGLASS 2160-ET13-Apr3218SHOTGLASSSANDY-VALLEY ROBUST RUBY-ET
FARNEAR MOGUL 169913-Apr3218MOGULOPSAL PLANET FAME-ET
TWIN-SPRUCE CYANE-ET13-Apr3218BRONOTWIN-SPRUCE FRED CADETTE-ET
SIEMERS BEN ROZANNE-BABE-ET13-Apr3217BENSIEMERS WINDBK ROZANNE-ET
LAUSY12-Dec3216EPICSUMMERLIZ MAN O MAN LAUSY
EDG CASHBUST MOGUL 215413-Apr3213MOGULFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHBUST-ET
CHARPENTIER LEXOR BOMBAY13-Mar3213LEXORGEN-I-BEQ BAXTER BRITANY
AMMON FARMS SPRSRE DRIFTER13-Apr3211SUPERSIREAMMON FARMS FRDIE DREENA-ET
MAXIMUM X ISALEA12-Sep3209ISALEA
ALEXERIN MASCALESE 135013-Mar3209MASCALESEALEXERIN OMAN 993
CO-OP DD 40051-ET13-Feb3209MAYFIELDCO-OP OBSERV ROBIN 6318-ET
ATLANTIS13-Jan3208SNOW*RC
JENNITON D-TELLO ESTHER-ET13-Apr3207DONATELLOJENNITON M-O-M SAVANA-ET
CHARPENTIER MOGUL BONNIE13-Jan3206MOGULGEN-I-BEQ BAXTER BRITANY
EDG DOMINIQUE MCCUT 2199-ET13-Apr3205MCCUTCHENLADYS-MANOR DOMINIQUE-ET
CEDARWAL SUPERSIRE LADY13-Jan3205SUPERSIRECEDARWAL BOLTON LADY
EDG STITCH RANSOM 743-ET13-Apr3204RANSOMGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
SANDY-VALLEY SPRINGFEVER-ET13-Mar3204MCCUTCHENSANDY-VALLEY PLANE SAPPHIRE
CHIC-CHOCS SS LOVE STORY ET13-Feb3203SUPERSIREGEN-I-BEQ EVOLVE LOVELY
CEDARWAL MASCALESE SIESTA13-Mar3203MASCALESEMISTY SPRINGS M O M SHERICE
COMESTAR LAUKIMY MASCALESE13-Mar3202MASCALESECOMESTAR LAUTAKIMY KRUSADER
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 2188-ET13-Apr3202MOGULLADYS-MANOR S DAHLIA-ET
DE-SU DAY 2721-ET13-Apr3202DAYDE-SU 1061-ET
FARNEAR-TBR-BH MOGUL 218413-Apr3201MOGULFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHER-ET
WILLSBRO K&L SUPRSRE ADERYN-ET13-Apr3201SUPERSIREKHW SUPER ADERYN-ET
VIEW-HOME DAY MSISSIPPI-ET13-Apr3200DAYPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
CHARPENTIER MOGUL BUBBLE13-Jan3200MOGULGEN-I-BEQ BAXTER BRITANY
COMESTAR LADY BESS BRAWLER13-May3199BRAWLERCOMESTAR LAUTAMAI MAN O MAN
KROWN MCCUTCHEN DREAM13-Mar3198MCCUTCHENREGAN-ALH DESHA-ET
VIDIA MASCALESE MAGEST13-Mar3198MASCALESEVIDIA SNOWMAN MAJESTIC
AIR SNOWFLAKE13-Apr3198SNOW*RCTEEMAR AIRLINE
FARNEAR-TBR-BH SNOW 214513-Apr3197LET IT SNOWB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
VEKIS CHELSEA13-Apr3195SUPERSIRERR LARCREST C
ALPHAGEN MCCUTCHEN MARIZON13-Apr3193MCCUTCHENGITOISE JAKE MARIZA
EDG CHRISTA LATIMER 2195-ET13-Apr3192LATIMERLANGS-TWIN-B CHRISTA-ET
COOMBOONA MAYFIELD SHANIA-IMP-13-Feb3192MAYFIELDAMMON-PEACHEY SHANA-ET
FLY-HIGHER JEROD MUSIC13-Apr3192JERODFLY-HIGHER RAVISH MOONY-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2726-ET13-Apr3192SUPERSIREDE-SU 1117-ET
S-S-I SHAW SUELA 9027-ET13-Apr3191SHAWHAPPYDANNY SNOW STORM-ET
EDG NETANIA SUPER 2193-ET13-Apr3190SUPERSIREJIMTOWN DOMAIN NETANIA-ET
T-GEN-AC LATIMER DREAM-ET13-Apr3190LATIMERTRANQUILLITY AC DREARY RUSH-ET
MORSAN MCCUTCHEN OBS MISSY13-Apr3189MCCUTCHENMORSAN OBS D MISSY
S-S-I PLATINM MASON 9024-ET13-Apr3188PLATINUMS-S-I SHAMROCK MESA 7388-ET
MORMANN UNO TRAX 228713-Apr3188NUMERO UNOFARNEAR-REGAN TALSA-ET
FRATI CROTA ET13-Mar3188NUMERO UNOFRATI PLANET
EDG LUCKI SHOTGLASS 75913-May3186SHOTGLASSFARNEAR-TBR-BH LUCKI-ET
SYNERGY POTOGOLD13-Mar3186NUMERO UNOSYNERGY ALAN POKER
COOMBOONA LEXOR BOLTON-IMP-ET13-Jan3186LEXORWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
K-MANOR BEGINNING13-Apr3185SUPERSIREREGANCREST-KF O BRONTE-ET
ZANDENBURG UNO EBONY13-Mar3185NUMERO UNOZANDENBURG PLANET EBONY
VELTHUIS B SHAMROCK ALE12-Sep3185SHAMROCKVELTHUIS SG MOM ALESIA
STANTONS UNO BAHIRA13-Mar3185NUMERO UNOSTANTONS OBSERVER BRIT
S-S-I PLATNM MARTY 9022-ET13-Apr3185PLATINUMS-S-I SHAMROCK MESA 7388-ET
SYNERGY SUGAR13-Mar3184EPICSYNERGY DOMAIN SEELY-ET
EDG STITCH HEADLINER SHAKER13-Apr3184HEADLINERGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
EDG GIN LITHIUM 215213-Apr3182LITHIUMSULLY HART GERARD 147-ET
FARNEAR-BH SS MADA-ET13-Jan3182SUPERSIREDE-SU 267-ET
STANTONS EA EIDA13-Mar3182SUPERSIREWABASH-WAY EMILYANN-ET
TWIN-SPRUCE CLASSY13-Apr3182DAYLARCREST CLEVER-ETS
EDG CAITLYN MCCUT 2202-ET13-Apr3180MCCUTCHENMS CHASSITY SNOW CAITLYN-ET
BOMAZ LITHIUM 598913-Apr3180LITHIUMBOMAZ OBSERVER 5406-ET
DE-SU MASCALESE 2730-ET13-Apr3179MASCALESEDE-SU 686-ET
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BRONO 220413-Apr3179BRONOB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
KOEPON PAR REGENIA 13313-Apr3178PARADISEKOEPON MANO REGENIA 62
EDG SATURN MCCUTCHEN 220313-Apr3178MCCUTCHENSEAGULL-BAY SHAUNA SATURN
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BRONO 216913-Apr3175BRONOB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
DE-SU LATIMER 2687-ET13-Apr3173LATIMERDE-SU 514-ET
CO-OP DD 40053-ET13-Mar3173MAYFIELDCO-OP OBSERV ROBIN 6318-ET
HEBERTVIEW SUPERSIRE DESTINEY13-Apr3173SUPERSIRENAU CALIBER AMEWILL
DUDOC MCCUTCHEN RANCUNE P13-Apr3172MCCUTCHENDUDOC MAGNA REQUIEM P
TOLLEBEKE IDA 53613-Apr3171MOGULTOLLEBEKE IDA 478
CO-OP MAURIC TASKET 7063-ET13-Mar3171MAURICEMS PRIDE PLNT TASKET 788-ET
BOMAZ LITHIUM 599213-Apr3170LITHIUMMS ROSYLANE OBSERVR5048-ET
13-Apr3169RANSOMDE-SU 1114-ET
KOEPON MASC CLASSY 12813-Apr3168MASCALESEKOEPON PLAN CLASSY 60
CLEAR-ECHO BEN 2933-ET13-Mar3167BENCLEAR-ECHO FREDDIE 2079-ET
DE-SU DAY 2708-ET13-Apr3167DAYDE-SU 1061-ET
PONDEROSA NUEMRO UNO PALOMA-ET13-Mar3167NUMERO UNOLAKESIDE SNOWMAN PAYA
DOUBLEM EPIC SUE12-May3167EPIC
RAINYRIDGE EARNHARDT MADONNA13-Apr3166EARNHARDT PSULLY GIAFEETI 299-ET
COOMBOONA MOGUL LEONILA-IMP-ET13-Feb3166MOGULMSCHARTROIS PLANET LEONI-ET
DONATELLO 670713-Apr3165DONATELLOS-S-I SHAMROCK MING 7380-ET
EDG DAHLIA MOGUL 222313-May3164MOGULLADYS-MANOR S DAHLIA-ET
13-Apr3164DADDYPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
SSI ORBIT 901013-Apr3164ORBITS-S-I SNOWMAN PASTA 7664-ET
EDG HALLIE SHOTGLASS 221313-May3164SHOTGLASSB&Z PLANET 7807 HALLE-ET
13-Apr3163SUPERSIREFINGER NIAGRA 3667
LESPERRON MASC AQUAREL13-Mar3163MASCALESELESPERRON SHOTTLE ANOUKA
SSI SHOTGLASS 900513-Apr3162SHOTGLASSS-S-I SHAMROCK MESA 7388-ET
LEOTHE MASCALESE DIVA13-Mar3161MASCALESELEOTHE BAXTER DAPHNEE
DE-SU DAY 2707-ET13-Apr3161DAYDE-SU 1061-ET
JOSEY-LLC FERN SCOOTER-ET13-Apr3160FERNANDDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILK
HEIDIFARM 4069 CRI13-Mar3160ELVYS ISYHEIDIFARM 3756
LARCREST CUTIE-ET13-Apr3160NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALE-ET
SNOWBIZ MASCALESE CASSY13-Apr3159MASCALESEMS CHASSITY SNOW CARRIE-ET
DE-SU SHAN 2692-ET13-Apr3158SHANDE-SU 410-ET
SSI PREDESTINE 9068-ET13-May3158PREDESTINES-S-I BOOKEM MODESTO7269-ET
HFP MERCY MISSY13-Mar3155MERIDIANMAN-O-MAN X GOLD MISSY 1
SIEMERS UNO REAL-STAR-ET13-Apr3155NUMERO UNOCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2283-ET
DE-SU DAY 2716-ET13-Apr3154DAYDE-SU 1061-ET
S-S-I RACKET MAYSA 9025-ET13-Apr3153RACKETS-S-I COBRA MADIGAN 7614-ET
13-Mar3153NEWHOUSE SNEEKER 422
EBA IDEALE13-Mar3153PARADISEEBA GRETA
S-S-I CAESAR DEBRA 9035-ET13-Apr3152CAESARS-S-I ROBUST DEION 7136-ET
SANDY-VALLEY BLACK DIAMOND13-Mar3150KRUNCHSANDY-VALLEY ITA DIAMOND-ET
DE-SU LATIMER 2696-ET13-Apr3150LATIMERDE-SU 520-ET
STANTONS SUPERSIRE ELORYNE13-Apr3150SUPERSIRESTANTONS MISS ECHO
12-Oct3149DELTA MONALISA 1
LANGS-TWIN-B UNO 4977-ET13-Apr3149NUMERO UNOLANGS-TWIN-B COSMO-ET
SIEMERS MCCUTCH REALGOOD-ET13-Mar3148MCCUTCHENCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2283-ET
COOMBOONA MOGUL BOLTONA-IMP-ET13-Jan3147MOGULWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
LANGS-TWIN-B S-SIRE 4981-ET13-Apr3146SUPERSIRELANGS-TWIN-B FREDDIE ANNIE
BOMAZ LITHIUM 599313-Apr3144LITHIUMMS ROSYLANE OBSERVR5048-ET
CLEAR-ECHO BRONO 2926-ET13-Mar3142BRONOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2118-ET
LIS 691013-Apr3142SUPERSIREVG POISON
CNN SLUSHI13-Mar3141MOGULCNN SUGAR
9300727813-Feb3139LEXORZANDENBURG RADON EBONY
STANTONS SUPER SORELLA13-Apr3138SUPERSIRESTANTONS BOOKEM EMILY
WILLSBRO K&L SUPRSIRE ADINA-ET13-Apr3138SUPERSIREKHW SUPER ADERYN-ET
WABASH-WAY SSIRE EASTER-ET13-Mar3136SUPERSIREWABASH-WAY SHOT ELSEY-ET
BOMAZ SUPERSIRE 598713-Apr3135SUPERSIREBOMAZ FREDDIE 5329-ET
KENMARANK SUPERSIRE ICEBREAKER13-Feb3135SUPERSIREKENMARANK BOLTON INKSOU
CHARPENTIER BRIGADE LEAD13-Mar3135BRIGADECHARPENTIER PLANET LAKOTA
KP-ACK MAURICE MIMI CRI-ET13-Apr3134MAURICEKP-ACK METEOR MOSCHO-ET
EDG LORETTE UNO 2197-ET13-Apr3133NUMERO UNOVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
COOMBOONA MOGUL BOLTON-IMP-ET13-Jan3132MOGULWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
CEDARWAL MCCUTCHEN ELOQUENT13-Mar3132MCCUTCHENCEDARWAL MANOMAN EMERALD
SSI COURAGEOUS 900613-Apr3132COURAGEOUSS-S-I OBSERV MANTECA7197-ET
DE-SU ODADDY 272213-Apr3132DADDYDE-SU 658-ET
EDG LORETTE UNO 219113-Apr3131NUMERO UNOVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 269813-Apr3131SUPERSIREDE-SU 9848-ET
FARNEAR NUMERO UNO 168613-Apr3131NUMERO UNOFARNEAR READY FOR ADEEN-ET
FLINT-VILLE UNO YVONNE-ET13-Feb3130NUMERO UNOCOYNE-FARMS OBSERVER YES-ET
K&L SNOWY13-Apr3130NEWHOUSE SNEEKER 422
FLINT-VILLE UNO YARD-ET13-Feb3130NUMERO UNOCOYNE-FARMS OBSERVER YES-ET
BOGHILL MASSEY S FAITH13-Mar3130MASSEYBOGHILL SUPERSTITION FAITH ET
SYLVANSIDE MOGUL LISA12-Dec3129MOGULFLEURY GEN BAXTER LISA
ERROLSTON EPIC GAMA ET13-Mar3129EPICVISION-GEN FRD GAMA-C078-ET
A-L-H MICA12-Aug3128SUDANMICA-ET
STANTONS SS WINK13-Apr3128SUPERSIRESTANTONS RIVALRE P WENDI-ET
CLEAR-ECHO DONATELO 2903-ET13-Feb3126DONATELLOCLEAR-ECHO GERARD 2360-ET
LISMORE MOGUL BRANDI CRI-ET13-Mar3126MOGULLISMORE BEACON BRYN-ET
MYSTIQUE MASCALESE CASTILLE13-Feb3124MASCALESEREGANCREST S CELEBRITY-ET
PASSION SUPERSIRE DESIGN13-Apr3124SUPERSIREDUFFEYNIAL BOOKEM DAISY
VIEW-HOME AERO INDIANA-ET13-Mar3123AEROPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
ALEXERIN MASCALESE 135213-Apr3122MASCALESEALEXERIN OMAN 993
FLINT-VILLE UNO YARN-ET13-Feb3121NUMERO UNOCOYNE-FARMS OBSERVER YES-ET
EDG RUBY EARN 2189-ET13-Apr3120EARNHARDT PSANDY-VALLEY ROBUST RUBY-ET
CHANMAR UNO VENISTA13-Feb3120NUMERO UNOCHANMAR GOLDWYN VENISSA
DE-SU ODADDY 268613-Apr3119DADDYDE-SU 828-ET
FLEURY HEFTY ROSALIE12-Aug3119HEFTYFLEURY ASHLAR ROSEL
SIEMERS LATIMER ROZZI-ET13-Mar3119LATIMERCHERRY CREST MANOMAN ROZ
13-Apr3118DADDYPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
IDEVRA MASCALESE ZUCCHERO ET13-Mar3118MASCALESEIDEVRA MASCOL ZEMIRA ET
REGANCREST SS LYNDA-ET13-Apr3118SUPERSIREREGANCREST DESTRY LYNDE-ET
FUSTEAD MOGUL SAGA CRI-ET13-Mar3117MOGULFUSTEAD AL SCOOBY-DO-ET
BOMAZ LITHIUM 598813-Apr3117LITHIUMBOMAZ OBSERVER 5406-ET
EDG CLEA MASCALESE 221513-May3116MASCALESEMS CHASSITY SNOWMAN CLEA-ET
EDG BRYSHA DAY 736-ET13-Apr3116DAYREGANCREST DGR BRYSHA-ET
BEAUCOISE MASSEY PILI13-Apr3114MASSEYBEAUCOISE BEACON PLONE
FLINT-VILLE UNO YOLANDA-ET13-Mar3113NUMERO UNOCOYNE-FARMS OBSERVER YES-ET
JK EDER CINDERE 413-Apr3111JK EDER CINDERELLA
REGEL SUPERSIRE 143813-Mar3110SUPERSIREHENDEL ALEX MIMI 3007-ET
LUCKY SHOT 3213-Apr3109LEXORHET MEER LUCKY SHOT 6
LARCREST CASSONDRA-ET13-Jan3108MCCUTCHENLARCREST CALINDA-ET
VELTHUIS B SHAMROCK ALINE12-Jun3108SHAMROCKVELTHUIS SG MOM ALESIA
EDG DOMINIQUE MCCUT 2185-ET13-Apr3108MCCUTCHENLADYS-MANOR DOMINIQUE-ET
EBA IDYLLE13-Mar3107PARADISEEBA GRETA
EDG LACI UNO 755-ET13-Apr3107NUMERO UNOFARNEAR-TBR-BH LACI-ET
COOMBOONA LEXOR WIAMY-IMP-ET13-Jan3107LEXORWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
FARNEAR GALAXY 169613-Apr3106GALAXYMORNINGVIEW SUPER ELLIE-ET
EDG LILLICO MASCALES 222013-May3105MASCALESEBOLDI SNOWMAN LILLICO
AMMON FARMS MCTCHN DAISY-ET13-Apr3105MCCUTCHENAMMON FARMS FREDIE DANDY-ET
13-Apr3105SUPERSIRELAMBRECHT MAC ANABEE 474-ET
SANDY-VALLEY SSIRE COCOA-ET13-Mar3105SUPERSIRESANDY-VALLEY IOTA CINDY-ET
SANDY-VALLEY BITTERSWEET-ET13-Mar3105SHANSANDY-VALLEY IOTA BITTA-ET
SANDY-VALLEY IRISH DREAM-ET13-Mar3104MCCUTCHENSANDY-VALLEY DAY DREAM-ET
HEBERTVIEW SHAW CHERRY13-Mar3104SHAWNAU CALIBER AMEWILL
SULLHRTFORD DA MAIZY CRI-ET13-Mar3104DAYSULLY HART DOMAIN 133-ET
MAJONICK BRIGADE MANGY13-Mar3104BRIGADEAMITIES KRUSADER ANGY
MS BRYCE MCCUT 2094-ET13-Mar3103MCCUTCHENFARNEAR BROCADES M BRYCE-ET
FARNEAR NUMERO UNO 2284-ET13-Apr3103NUMERO UNOFARNEAR-REGAN TALSA-ET
BOMAZ LITHIUM 599013-Apr3102LITHIUMMS ROSYLANE OBSERVR5048-ET
CHARPENTIER MOGUL BAMBOO13-Feb3102MOGULGEN-I-BEQ BAXTER BRITANY
LANGS-TWIN-B S-SIRE 4980-ET13-Apr3101SUPERSIRELANGS-TWIN-B FREDDIE ANNIE
STANTONS SUPERSIRE BABY13-Apr3101SUPERSIRESTANTONS PLANET BOGO
GEN-I-BEQ MASCALES PLANIF13-Mar3101MASCALESEBEAUCOISE SNOWMAN PLATINUM
SIEMERS HLINER ROZ-ET13-Apr3101HEADLINERCHERRY CREST MANOMAN ROZ
SANDY-VALLEY SPARKS FLY-ET13-Mar3101MCCUTCHENSANDY-VALLEY PLANE SAPPHIRE
FRIESS-JK MCTHEN GEM-ET13-Apr3101MCCUTCHENREGANCREST-BH F GEMMA-ET
MS CENTURIA MCCUT 221913-May3100MCCUTCHENSIEMERS SNMAN CENTURIA-ET
DONNANDALE LIS DAISYDUKE13-Mar3100LET IT SNOWGIBBS M-M DOUB DIAMOND-ET
13-Mar3100GALAXY
GRANDEUR MOGUL TAWNY CRI-ET13-Feb3099MOGULGRANDEUR DOMAIN TAVITA-ET
VIEW-HOME MRDIAN LSIANA-ET13-Mar3098MERIDIANPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
FARNEAR-TBR-BH BRONO 216213-Apr3098BRONOB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
COOMBOONA MOGUL KYANA-IMP-ET13-Jan3097MOGULWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
NORTH-ECHO MASSEY 2920-ET13-Mar3097MASSEYNORTH-ECHO PLANET 1909-ET
BOMAZ SUPERSIRE 599813-Apr3097SUPERSIREBOMAZ BOWSER 5393
STANTONS MASC MICHIE13-Apr3096MASCALESESULLY HART DOMAIN 135-ET
EDG STICH HEADLINER 221013-May3096HEADLINERGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
LARCREST COTILLON-ET13-Apr3096EPICLARCREST CHIMA-ETS
VISION-GEN LEXOR BJ14628-ET13-Apr3095LEXORPOTTERS-FIELD BOJA 9854-ET
MISTY SPRINGS DAY SUE13-Jan3095DAYMISTY SPRINGS EVOLVE SUEANNE
COOMBOONA HEFTY DIAMONA-IMP-ET13-Jan3093HEFTYOCD PLANET DIAMOND-ET
CAMPA MOGUL SECRET FIV ET13-Feb3093MOGULBOS SHOTTLE SECRET ET
13-Apr3092EARNHARDT PPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
LUCKY UNO 413-Apr3092NUMERO UNOHET MEER LUCKY SHOT 6
SANDY-VALLEY HUNTR JULES-ET13-Mar3092HUNTERSANDY-VALLEY IOTA JEWEL-ET
LANGS-TWIN-B DADDY 4976-ET13-Apr3092DADDYLANGS-TWIN-B ADORA-ET
CLAUMA LEXOR LOIZA12-Aug3091LEXORSUMMERLIZ SHOTTLE LAUSY
STERK KISS EBONY MASC13-Apr3091MASCALESEZANDENBURG RADON EBONY 1
WELCOME MORGAN PORTIA13-Mar3090MORGANWELCOME FREDDIE PRICILLA-ET
DE-SU LATIMER 2705-ET13-Apr3090LATIMERBEN-AKERS PLANET LUISE26-ET
OCD EPIC CLAIRE DANES-ET13-Apr3090EPICOCD SHAMROCK DAEGAN-ET
EDG LILLICO MASCALESE 222213-May3088MASCALESEBOLDI SNOWMAN LILLICO
SANDY-VALLEY EARNHT MISSY P13-Mar3088EARNHARDT PBROOKVIEW MYSTERIOUS-ET
HARTFORD ANDRN JOKER 416-ET13-Apr3088ANDERSONRICHMOND-FD G BLAKE-ET
BUTLERVIEW LUNA 219213-Apr3088LATIMERROCKING-P BOWSER LUNA-ET
GEN-I-BEQ HUNTER PLAZA13-Apr3087HUNTERBEAUCOISE PLANET PLANE
KENMARANK SUPERSIRE INVINCIBLE13-Jan3087SUPERSIREKENMARANK BOLTON INKSOU
REGANCREST BENISHA 7409-ET13-Mar3087LET IT SNOWREGANCREST M BENISHA-ET
S-S-I GRIN KLARISSA 9016-ET13-Apr3087GRINS-S-I ROBUST KEYES 7260-ET
EDG CAITLYN EARN 220813-May3087EARNHARDT PMS CHASSITY SNOW CAITLYN-ET
SANDY-VALLEY MCC ECLAIRE-ET13-Mar3087MCCUTCHENWINTERLANCE ROBUST ELENA
SSI SHOTGLASS 900313-Apr3086SHOTGLASSS-S-I SHAMROCK MAGIC7368-ET
STANTONS MOM EQUAL10-Nov3086MAN-O-MANCROCKETT-ACRES ECHO-ET
A-B FARM MCCUTCHEN CRUZE13-Apr3086MCCUTCHENGILLETTE IOTA CORVETTE
TINBER J MARIE MASCA13-Mar3085MASCALESESULLY HARTFORD SNWMN 282-ET
CASTEL MOGUL TALINA ET13-Jan3085MOGULVIDIA DEMELLO RAVISANTE
TINBER J MAI MASCA13-Mar3085MASCALESESULLY HARTFORD SNWMN 282-ET
COOMBOONA MOGUL LEONY-IMP-ET13-Feb3083MOGULMSCHARTROIS PLANET LEONI-ET
HARTFORD ANDR AUBURN 412-ET13-Mar3083ANDERSONRICHMOND-FD G BLAKE-ET
SNOWBIZ LEXOR LISA13-Apr3083LEXORFREUREHAVEN FGS LUCY
GO-FARM ESKYPE13-Mar3083MASCALESEGO-FARM ROYAL ELAINE ET
POLY-KOW RANSOM ADDIE-ET13-Mar3082RANSOMALLYNDALE-I GOLDWYN AVERY
OCD SHOTGLASS BARKER-ET13-Apr3081SHOTGLASSFARNEAR BROCADE P BRISSA-ET
WELCOME GALAXY GILADA-ET13-Mar3080GALAXYWELCOME ERDMAN GILLI-ET
STANTONS EARNHARDT MEELA13-Apr3080EARNHARDT PSULLY HART DOMAIN 135-ET
CLEROLI EXPLODE COFFEECRISP13-May3078EXPLODECLEROLI SNOWMAN CARAMILK
EDG LORETTE MASCALESE 221613-May3078MASCALESEVELTHUIS SNOWMAN LORRETTE
SIEMERS BEN ROZANNE-ET13-Apr3078BENSIEMERS WINDBK ROZANNE-ET
13-Apr3077DADDYPINE-TREE 2149ROBST 4846-ET
STANTONS EARNHARDT MISTY13-Apr3076EARNHARDT PSULLY PLANET 935-ET
SSI SHOTGLASS 900413-Apr3076SHOTGLASSS-S-I SHAMROCK MESA 7388-ET
KP-ACK MAURICE MACY CRI-ET13-Apr3075MAURICEKP-ACK METEOR MOSCHO-ET
ROSE MOGUL-CLASSIC13-Mar3073MOGULSUPER-CLASSIC SHOT (3)
STANTONS SS ELOIYSE13-Apr3073SUPERSIREEK-WW ALEXANDER ELIZA-ET
S-S-I OLYM EMMALEE 9051-ET13-Apr3073OLYMPICS-S-I ROBUST ECALON 7257-ET
NAULY HEADLINER AZRAELLE13-Apr3072HEADLINERNAULY MAN O MAN ALLIE
SIEMERS MAGNUS HALLA13-Mar3072MAGNUSSIEMERS TRIGGER HALLA-ET
RAINYRIDGE MCCUTCHEN MARY MAY13-Apr3072MCCUTCHENRAINYRIDGE ESQUIRE MIAMI
STANTONS MASC MAYNIE13-Apr3072MASCALESESULLY HART DOMAIN 135-ET
CHARPENTIER BRIGADE LABEL13-Mar3071BRIGADECHARPENTIER PLANET LAKOTA
EDIMAY13-Feb3071MAYFIELDNOVA GARRETT EDILOU-ET
FARNEAR NUMERO UNO 169713-Apr3070NUMERO UNOFARNEAR READY FOR ADEEN-ET
EDG CASHBUST MOGUL 2157-ET13-Apr3070MOGULFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHBUST-ET
OUCH HEFON12-Dec3069NUMERO UNOOUCH EPHON
SANDY-VALLEY SUPLX CELSI-ET13-Mar3068ALTASUPLEXLARCREST CALIA-ET
WELCOME SHAN PALOMA-ET13-Apr3068SHANWELCOME BOOKEM PAISLEY-ET
STANTONS SS EILYSE13-Apr3068SUPERSIRECALBRETT SANCHEZ ELLA
MS EMILY HEADLINE-ET13-Apr3067HEADLINERTRAMILDA-N BAXTER EMILY-ET
CHARPENTIER LEXOR BECAUSE13-Feb3065LEXORGEN-I-BEQ BAXTER BRITANY
SEAGULL-BAY SH LILAC-ET12-Dec3064DEANAMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA-ET
SANDY-VALLEY SPRING RAIN-ET13-Mar3064MCCUTCHENSANDY-VALLEY PLANE SAPPHIRE
MS DREARY HONEY-ET13-Apr3062HEADLINERRONELEE BOLIVER DREARY-ET
GEPAQUETTE EARNHARD RAVIBEAR13-Apr3062EARNHARDT PGEPAQUETTE OBSERVER RAVIBEQ
13-Apr3062RANSOMDE-SU 1114-ET
LARCREST CORALBELLE-ET13-Apr3062EPICLARCREST CHIMA-ETS
MS LATIMER LYNDSEY-ET13-Apr3061LATIMERTRAMILDA OBSERVER LYNN
FUSTEAD SPRSR SANDRA CRI-ET13-Apr3061SUPERSIREFUSTEAD MASSEY STYLE-ET
COOKIECUTTER MLESE HALES-ET13-Apr3061MASCALESECOOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET
EDG CLEA MASCALESE 220113-Apr3059MASCALESEMS CHASSITY SNOWMAN CLEA-ET
SANDY-VALLEY DARE 2DREAM-ET13-Apr3058MCCUTCHENSANDY-VALLEY DAY DREAM-ET
GILLETTE LETITSNOW JAMIE13-Apr3058LET IT SNOWGILLETTE GOLDWYN JENNY
FARNEAR SHAN 170213-May3057SHANFARNEAR READY FOR ADEEN-ET
EASTSIDE LEWISDALE PROVOCATEUR12-Oct3057EPICEASTSIDE LEWISDALE G PERFECT
RED-OAK-DB MOGUL 91213-Apr3057MOGULRED-OAK-DB AL RUBY
KLASSIC SUPERSIRE BLUSH-ET13-Mar3057SUPERSIREKLASSIC MAN-OMAN BASHFUL-ET
COOMBOONA MOGUL WIAMY-IMP-ET13-Feb3056MOGULWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
POL BUTTE MCCUTCHEN BARBLE13-Mar3056MCCUTCHENBUTZ-BUTLER GOLD BANNER-ET
GILLETTE MCCUTCHEN ONESERVICE13-Apr3056MCCUTCHENGILLETTE BEACON 2ND SERVICE
ROCKYPATH-HO MCUTCHEN BEVIN13-Apr3056MCCUTCHENROCKYPATH-HO JARVIS BABE-ET
SIEMERS DAY CENTER-ET13-Mar3056DAYSIEMERS SNMAN CENTURIA-ET
FLY-HIGHER JEROD MUSE13-Apr3055JERODFLY-HIGHER MANO ASHANTI-ET
DUDOC MCCUTCHEN REGRET P13-Apr3055MCCUTCHENDUDOC MAGNA REQUIEM P
SPH YOUNG SNOW13-Apr3055YVETTE (DOMAIN X YELONDA)
T-GEN-AC PTRN JANNICK-ET13-Apr3055PETRONEBENNER FORK JANARDAN
SPRUCE-HAVEN MOG ZP14604-ET13-Apr3055MOGULZBW-SHD RAVISH DIXIE-ET
DELABERGE LEPA MASCALESE ELLA13-Feb3054MASCALESECALBRETT PLANET EMPRESS
DE-SU MOCHA 272313-Apr3054MOCHADE-SU 9958-ET
MARBRI LET IT SNOW FLAKE13-Mar3054LET IT SNOWMARBRI BAXTER BREEZE
OCD MERIDN ALYSSA MILANO-ET13-Apr3054MERIDIANOCD BRONCO FORGET-ET
MORMANN UNO TRACE 229013-May3052NUMERO UNOFARNEAR-REGAN TALSA-ET
PONDEROSA NUEMRO UNO PAYAMA-ET13-Apr3051NUMERO UNOLAKESIDE SNOWMAN PAYA
PELLERAT MOGUL SHEILA12-Dec3051MOGULPELLERAT BAXTER SARIE
MS BRYCE MCCUTCHEN 75813-May3050MCCUTCHENFARNEAR BROCADES M BRYCE-ET
CANADA12-Aug3050EPICRSB CANA 799
CAMPA UNO SECRET FIV ET13-Mar3049NUMERO UNOBOS SHOTTLE SECRET ET
CO-OP LITHUM TASKET 7061-ET13-Feb3049LITHIUMMS PRIDE PLNT TASKET 788-ET
SANDY-VALLEY MCC BETH-ET13-Mar3048MCCUTCHENSANDY-VALLEY OBS BEYONCE-ET
KENMARANK SUPERSIRE ICEBERG13-Feb3047SUPERSIREKENMARANK BOLTON INKSOU
BLONDIN MASCALESE SHEILA13-Mar3046MASCALESENAVS M SHARLA-ET
BOMAZ LITHIUM 599413-Apr3045LITHIUMMS ROSYLANE OBSERVR5048-ET
SSI COURAGEOUS 901113-Apr3044COURAGEOUSS-S-I SNOWMAN MINX 7662-ET
CHARPENTIER LEXOR BALM13-Jan3044LEXORGEN-I-BEQ BAXTER BRITANY
NORTH-ECHO MORGAN 2935-ET13-Mar3043MORGANNORTH-ECHO PARKER 2407-ET
STANTONS SUPERSIRE BRENTA13-Apr3043SUPERSIRESTANTONS MISS BARBETTA
MORMANN MOGUL TWIST13-May3043MOGULFARNEAR-REGAN M TEBBI-ET
STANTONS HEADLINER MIARA13-Apr3043HEADLINERSULLY HART DOMAIN 135-ET
SULLHRTFORD DA MAGIC CRI-ET13-Mar3043DAYSULLY HART DOMAIN 133-ET
FARNEAR-TBR-BH 2200-ET13-Apr3043BRONOB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
COOMBOONA MOGUL AMYANA-IMP-ET13-Jan3042MOGULWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
BENTHEMMER BOBBIESNOW12-Sep3042SNOWMAN
NORTH-ECHO DAY 2905-ET13-Feb3042DAYNORTH-ECHO PLANET 1981-ET
MORMANN AGENT 001-ET12-Dec3042NUMERO UNOVISION-GEN SH FRD A12304-ET
STANTONS LINER LIPPY13-Apr3042HEADLINERSTANTONS LAUTHORITY EXCITED
MS AMERICA SHINING-ET13-Apr3042SALEENSEAGULL-BAY MISS AMERICA-ET
EDG CHRISTA LATIMER 221213-May3042LATIMERLANGS-TWIN-B CHRISTA-ET
SYNERGY ANASTASIA13-Apr3042LEXORSYNERGY BOLIVER ACORN-ET
EDG STITCH RANSOM 744-ET13-Apr3041RANSOMGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
SNOWBIZ SUPERSIRE LAVENDER13-Apr3041SUPERSIREOCONNORS SNOWMAN LILAC
STANTONS OBSERVER EB FAIRY11-Mar3041OBSERVERWABASH-WAY BOL ELIZABETH-ET
EDG RUBY EARNHARDT 216313-Apr3041EARNHARDT PSANDY-VALLEY ROBUST RUBY-ET
SYNERGY PIONEER13-Mar3040NUMERO UNOSYNERGY ALAN POKER
COOMBOONA HEFTY DIAMOND-IMP-ET13-Jan3040HEFTYOCD PLANET DIAMOND-ET
DENMIRE EPIC MARIE ANNE 313-Mar3040EPICDENMIRE GOLDWYN MARIE 102
SULLHRTFORD MINTY CRI-ET13-Apr3038BOXERSULLY HARTFORD CLARK 277-ET
CLAYNOOK BUBBLES LET IT SNOW13-Mar3038LET IT SNOWMISTY SPRINGS M O M BACARDI
LANGS-TWIN-B DADDY 4974-ET13-Apr3037DADDYLANGS-TWIN-B ADORA-ET
DE-SU CASUAL 271813-Apr3036CASUALDE-SU 717-ET
SYNERGY PIPPI13-Mar3036MERIDIANGLO-CREST O MAN PIRATE 4092
DELLA-SHEEN MC COAST-ET13-Mar3036MCCUTCHENMATCREST IOTA CORAL-ETS
GOLDEN-OAKS EARN MY KEEP-ET13-Apr3035EARNHARDT PAIR-OSA-MLE ALX MYSTICAL
CEDARWAL LET IT SNOW CHRISTMAS13-Jan3035LET IT SNOWLARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
13-Mar3035SNOWMASTERZANDENBURG PLANET EBONY 3-ET
MORSAN MERIDIAN SNOWBALL13-Apr3035MERIDIANMORSAN MISS SNOW BALL
S-S-I RACKET SELDA 9043-ET13-Apr3034RACKETS-S-I BURTON SANTANA7500-ET
TWIN-SPRUCE CHILI13-Mar3033BRONOTWIN-SPRUCE PLNT CHELSEY-ET
CO-OP DD 40052-ET13-Mar3033GALAXYFUSTEAD SIBLEY CRI-ET
MISS OCD LATIMER DIVE IN-ET13-Mar3032LATIMEROCD PLANET DANICA-ET
13-Apr3032CAESARS-S-I ROBUST DEION 7136-ET
CO-OP OFFIE LAGOON 7052-ET13-Feb3031OFFIEOAKFIELD BLUE LAGOON-ET
JOSEY-LLC FERNAND SCOOP-ET13-Apr3030FERNANDDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILK
BO-IRISH-RN MC BITZ-ET13-Mar3030MCCUTCHENREGANCREST GOLD BRETTA-ET
PLAIN-KNOLL SUPERSIRE 670613-Apr3029SUPERSIREPLAIN-KNOLL PAUL 5770
DE-SU SHAN 2693-ET13-Apr3029SHANDE-SU 410-ET
BOURGIVAL TOPSIDE JANIE13-Feb3029TOPSIDEBOURGIVAL PLANET JORDANIE
12-Sep3028SUNSETDELTA LUCIA
CO-OP SPRSIR GINGER 7039-ET13-Mar3027SUPERSIRECO-OP DEANN GINGER
EDG DOMINIQUE LITHIUM 217313-Apr3027LITHIUMLADYS-MANOR DOMINIQUE-ET
OCD LATIMER DISCLOSURE-ET13-Mar3027LATIMERCURR-VALE OBSERVER DELTA-ET
EDIFILD13-Mar3026MAYFIELDNOVA GARRETT EDILOU-ET
CORETTA12-Oct3025MOGUL
PLAIN-KNOLL BRANSON EVELINA13-Apr3025BRANSONS-S-I PLATO EVELINA 7244-ET
SANDY-VALLEY DAY JADYN13-Mar3024DAYSANDY-VALLEY ROBUST JADE-ET
FARNEAR GALAXY 169113-Apr3024GALAXYMORNINGVIEW SUPER ELLIE-ET
JK EDER CINDERE 213-Apr3024LATIMERJK EDER CINDERELLA
SIEMERS LATIMER ROZINA-ET13-Mar3024LATIMERCHERRY CREST MANOMAN ROZ
MOVIESTAR12-Sep3023EXPLODEBROOKVIEW-E MOVIESTAR-ET
BENNER MC CUTCHEN BERNICE13-Mar3022MCCUTCHENBENNER SNOWMAN BASANTI
OCD LATIMER TABLOID-ET13-Apr3022LATIMERAGRI-FRESH DOMAIN TRINA-ET
COOMBOONA FEVER EVETT-ET12-Sep3021FEVERCOOMBOONA MANOMAN EVETT-IMP-ET
DE-SU RANSOM 270013-Apr3021RANSOMDE-SU 9585
FAVI HEVEA12-Nov3019EPICFAVI FRIME
FANTASY12-Dec3019YORICKFANTASY
OCD MORGAN DILEMMA-ET13-Mar3019MORGANMISS ELEGANT DELIGHT-ET
HARTFORD ERNHRT FAYE 399-ET13-Feb3018EARNHARDT PRICHMOND-FD G BLAKE-ET
MORMANN SNOW CANDY 216513-Apr3018LET IT SNOWMS CHASSITY ATWOOD CANDY-ET
GYPSY12-Dec3018EPICLE-O-LA ATWOOD GYPSY
BACON-HILL LATIMER MOXXI-ET13-Apr3018LATIMERUNIQUE-STYLE BOLTON MONEY
SSI COURAGEOUS 900913-Apr3018COURAGEOUSS-S-I OBSERV MANTECA7197-ET
SNOWBIZ MCCUTCHEN LUANNE13-Apr3018MCCUTCHENCALBRETT SNOWMAN LEXIE
SSI TABLE 9054-ET13-Apr3017TABLES-S-I MINOS 5836-ET

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