Archive for Polled Dairy Cattle

Is Polled Worth It?

Monday, January 4th, 2016

Mention polled to dairy cattle breeders and you can get differing reactions – ‘Yes, it’s the future’, ‘No, it’s just a fad and it will die out’ or Maybe? The majority are on the fence waiting to see if breeding for polled does catch on.

Let’s work through the factors breeders face when considering the incorporation of polled into their breeding programs.

Who Decides?

Let’s start off with who should decide whether polled sires should be used in a herd.

There are many groups with many opinions.  They range from breeding companies that do not have polled genetics in their product line-up to breeding companies that have invested in developing polled sires and females. As well the question is raised by consumers. They want to know if the animals in the herds that their milk comes from suffered if they are born horned and then are dehorned.

The Bulllvine is of the opinion that it is the breeders that should decide. They are the ones who make the investment of time, energy and resources.

Significant Catch-Up by Polled

Until about five years ago the vast majority of dairy cattle breeders paid no attention to polled. Globally  few breeders breed for polled, and they regarded it to be the primary trait. They paid limited attention to selection for type and minor attention for production.  Then things changed.

Table 1 – Average Genomic Index (Dec ’15) for Top 10 North American Holstein Bulls

Birth Year Index Polled (P) Horned (H) Difference (P-H)
2015 LPI 3168 3439 -271
Pro$ 2383 2748 -365
2014 LPI 3061 3414 -353
Pro$ 2157 2685 -528
2013 LPI 2872 3291 -419
Pro$ 1872 2553 -681
2012 LPI 2772 3169 -397
Pro$ 1616 2283 -667
2011 LPI 2521 3076 -555
Average Change Per Year Ratio (P/H)
LPI 162 91 178%
Pro$ 256 155 165%

Note: Data Source – CDN files. All values listed are on Dec ’15 base. 2015 sires
are for those born and tested to Nov ’15 and will not have semen distributed.
Pro$ values not available for bulls born in 2011.

Table 1 shows that in 2011 polled Holstein bulls trailed their horned contemporaries by 555 LPI points. However, in 2015, that difference is now reduced to 271 LPI points. In large part that reduction has come about because bull breeders have bred their very best females to the top polled sires or the best polled females have been bred to elite indexing sires. Furthermore, the number of polled bulls with high indexes has increased significantly.

Other take-home messages from Table 1 include:

  • Top horned bulls improved by 91 LPI points per year from 2011 to 2015 while top polled bulls improved by 162 LPI points per year. The rate for polled is 178% of that for horned.
  • Top polled bulls started at a low Pro$ level in 2012 and have increased by 256 Pro$ points per year. The rate of improvement for Pro$ for polled bulls was 165% of that for horned bulls.
  • Within another 3-5 years, top polled sires will be almost on par with their horned contemporaries.

Why have some breeders bought into polled?

The list is likely long but include:

  • Dislike the task of dehorning
  • Want to eliminate calf stress
  • Concern about the industry’s image in the consumers’ eyes
  • Already have high genetic levels in their herd for economically important traits
  • Want to increase their breeding stock marketing opportunities

Why are many breeders choosing to wait to use polled?

Those reasons given include:

  • Genetic levels of polled animals are inferior to horned
  • Do not see polled ever being mainstream
  • Staff at dehorning time dehorn everything – polled or not.
  • Cannot see a financial benefit for polled

What about Current genetic levels?

Table 2 – Average Dec ’15 Index for Top Ten Daughter Proven Holstein Sires

USA TPI 1786 2529 -743 71%
NM$ 126 750 -624 17%
Canada LPI 2315 3072 -758 75%
Pro$ 1038 2157 -1119 48%

Table 3 – Average Dec ’15 Index for Top 10 Genomic Holstein Bulls Born in 2014

Country Index Polled (P) Horned (H) Difference (P-H) Ratio (P/H)
USA TPI 2497 2779 -282 90%
NM$ 611 906 -295 67%
Canada LPI 3061 3414 -353 90%
Pro$ 2157 2685 -528 80%

Tables 2 and 3 contain some interesting facts:

  • Daughter proven polled sires are significantly behind horned in the USA and Canada for all of TPI, LPI, NM$ and Pro$ (Table 2).
  • For genomic evaluated bulls born in 2014 (Table 3) the TPI and LPI averages for top sires, horned and polled, are considerably closer than for daughter proven sires (Table 2). Polled are 90% of horned.
  • Polled will be while a catching horned for NM$ and Pro$ as the top genomic sires are only 67% and 80% respectively of their horned year mates.

What would make it easier to universally adopt polled?

In an ideal world the following could help:

  • If there were 3-5 very high (2600+ gTPI, 3300+ gLPI, 800+ NM$ or 2400+ Pro$) indexing PP sires
  • If there were high indexing PP sires that also have low (< 7%) future inbreeding coefficients
  • If gene editing was a reality and polled could be a reality for any or all embryos

For which breeders can polled be a fit?

Breeders with a program that:

  • Group houses pre-weaned calves
  • Entirely selects sires using genomic indexes
  • Continually evaluates and adopts the next innovative step
  • Supports the expansion of dairy’s market share of the food dollar

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The decision whether to use polled sires cannot be set in stone. Considerable progress has been made in the genetic level of polled Holsteins. Within five years polled will be equal genetically to horned for the majority of economically important traits. Since quick ways to change the gene from horned to polled in an embryo are still likely some time off, the decision on the value of having polled animals still rests in breeder’s hands.

 

 

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Categories : Polled Dairy Cattle

Our recent article on the relative merit of polled (Holstein) dairy cattle may not have garnered the attention of many breeders. (Read more: Polled Dairy Genetics: The Cold Hard Facts) But for those that are seeing the consumer writing on the wall and foresee the need to genetically take the horns off cattle, we wish to document what’s hot in polled.  Before considering the lists, we strongly suggest that you reflect on two things: 1) how you plan to generate revenue from the genetics in your herd; and 2) how you plan to decrease costs from using sires. (Read more: What’s The Plan?) The breeding business has changed (Read more: Where did the money go?) As you confirm adding polled to your sire selection criteria it is an excellent time to decide which index will be your primary one.

Decide. Don’t Ride the Fence.

Nothing’s perfect. That applies to which total merit index to use just as it does to the fact that there are no perfect bulls. However defaulting to using the bull your neighbour uses or the one that the semen salesman is promoting (Read more: Rumors, Lies, and other stuff Salesmen will tell you) is avoiding some very important planning for your herd. The financial future of your farm depends on using the index that will meet your needs five to ten years in the future. It is never too soon to plan for YOUR future.

Select an Index and Stick to It

Every major dairy cattle breeding country publishes a total merit index (Read more: Total Merit Indexes: Are they helping or hurting?).   The bull listings below are broken out by various indexes and bull groupings. This is a two stage process. Pick your index then pick your bull(s). I remind you that the Bullvine strongly recommends that, when using genomic bulls that you do use more than one or two bulls in order to spread risk. If you are looking to win in the show ring, we leave the formula you use up to you. Likely you will use PTAT or CONF as your primary selection criteria.

If You`re Undecided

If you are not certain on which index to use, The Bullvine recommends that for breeders who’s primary income is the milk check, you use NM$ or BEI.

Polled Bulls Ranked by gTPI

 Table 1 Polled Bulls Ranked by gTPI™

Reg. NoNameClassScoreSire NameOwner(s)
HOCANF7769975EBYHOLME GOLDWYN MARCIAEX96BRAEDALE GOLDWYNPLEASANT NOOK FARM, AYR, ON, (519) 632-1109
HOCANF7736316EASTSIDE GOLD OCEAN ETEX94BRAEDALE GOLDWYNJ. GUY THOMPSON & SON, FRENCHFORT, PE, (902) 629-5176
HOCANF9520762ARETHUSA-I GOLD MARCHEEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCRASDALE FARMS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-3515
HOCANF104865809AU SOLEIL GOLDWYN POLLINEEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFERME AU SOLEIL LEVANT (1999) INC, UPTON, PQ, (450) 549-4803
HOCANF9663521COXLYN FIREWORKS PANSYEX93MORSAN FIREWORKSJIM PHOENIX, UXBRIDGE, ON, (905) 852-6936
HOCANF9561777CRAGGAN LHEROS NICOLAEX93COMESTAR LHEROSBERNADALE HOLSTEIN, RICHMOND, PE, (902) 854-2965
HOCANF7796726IDEE MR SAM LYZZEX93REGANCREST-MR DRHAM SAM-ETCRASDALE FARMS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-3515
HOCANF105210974JACOBS MINISTER AIMAEX93MR MINISTERFERME JACOBS INC, CAP SANTE, PQ, (418) 285-2674
HOCANF104928097LESPEREE DOLMAN FAKTILOUEX93REGANCREST DOLMAN-ETFERME L'ESPEREE ENR, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 469-1755
HOCANF102526714CLOUDIS BRADLEY SURPRISEEX93ROCKALLI BRADLEYFERME DUCHESNE HOLSTEIN, CHICOUTIMI, PQ, (418) 698-0311
HOCANF7406350COMBINATION CHAMPION LORENAEX93CALBRETT-I H H CHAMPIONCOMBINATION HOLSTEINS LTD, KESWICK RIDGE, NB, (506) 363-8902
HOCANF7642315FUNDY GOLDWYN NAULAEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNALLEN & JACQUELINE BENT, LAWRENCETOWN, NS, (902) 825-6013
HOCANF101075538GROSPERE STORMATIC HELIEEX93COMESTAR STORMATICLA FERME GROSPERE INC, SACRE COEUR, PQ, (418) 236-9152
HOCANF102118392LABRISE TALENT LILYANEEX93LADINO PARK TALENT-IMP-ETFERME LABRISE INC, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 772-2695
HOCANF102392405LYSEM CHAMPION DAISYEX93CALBRETT-I H H CHAMPIONFERME LYSEM S.E.N.C, ST. SEVERE, PQ, (819) 264-5535
HOCANF104151514BERGEROY TOYSTORY ROUSSYEX92JENNY-LOU MRSHL TOYSTORY-ETDELAPOINTE INC, UPTON, PQ, (450) 549-5230
HOCANF7937697CITYVIEW SHOTTLE ACEEX92PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETFERME YVON SICARD, ST. JUSTIN, PQ, (819) 227-2067
HOCANF9752057COBEQUID GOLDWYN VITORIAEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCOBEQUID HOLSTEINS, UPPER ONSLOW, NS, (902) 986-8904
HOCANF9779513EBY016 B G EASTER LILLYEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNAMAREN LANE FARM, BRANCHTON, ON, (519) 621-0899
HOCANF7536968ELMLEAF GOLDWYN SPECIALEEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNROBERT RAY & SONS, ROSLIN, ON, (613) 477-2421
HOCANF9654787GOLDENFLO DAMION ELUSIVEEX92ERBACRES DAMIONMACBEATH FARMS LTD, MARSHFIELD, PE, (902) 628-8348
HOCANF104538851LYSEM STORMATIC MANDARINEEX92COMESTAR STORMATICFERME LYSEM S.E.N.C, ST. SEVERE, PQ, (819) 264-5535
HOCANF9738245MAPLEKEYS GOLDWYN CINNAMONEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNMAPLEKEYS FARMS, AYLMER, ON, (519) 765-4359
HOCANF9569905PASCOBAC GOLDWYN MANDISAEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNPASCOBAC HOLSTEINS INC, BELLEISLE CREEK, NB, (506) 485-1095
HOCANF8904143SPEEDSIDE DEMOLISH BRIANNEEX92BUDJON-NITZY DEMOLISH-ETADAM WITMER, WOODSTOCK, ON, (519) 462-2888
HOCANF9628508SUNREST LHEROS DUCHESSEX92COMESTAR LHEROSSUNREST FARM, JOYCEVILLE, ON, (613) 382-7965
HOCANF8915868THERINDALE SPIRTE MILLYEX92CEDARWAL SPIRTETHERINDALE FARMS INC, NORTH MILTON, PE, (902) 368-2002
HOCANF7879712WILSONBURG BLITZ GINNYEX92FUSTEAD EMORY BLITZ-ETNORTH TAY FARMS LTD, NORTH TAY, NB, (506) 367-2745
HOCANF103014804ARLA GIBSON WINNIAEX92SILKY GIBSONCONRAD RIENDEAU, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 469-2991
HOCANF7980690BARGEOLANE NEWTON ADORATIONEX92SILLSWAY LHEROS NEWTONBARGEOLANE FARMS, WARSAW, ON, (705) 652-6111
HOCANF7931446BIRKENTREE C O COMFORTEX92COMESTAR OUTSIDEBIRKENTREE HOLSTEINS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-2021
HOCANF9203982COMBINATION ZONE GERTAEX92FUTURALAND ZONE-ETCOMBINATION HOLSTEINS LTD, KESWICK RIDGE, NB, (506) 363-8902
HOCANF7921106CROSSGROVE MODEST TEMPEREX92REGANCREST-LH MODEST-ETDARRYL AUSTIN, WHYCOCOMAGH, NS, (902) 756-3270
HOCANF104205843DES HAUTS PRES STORMATIC CURYEX92COMESTAR STORMATICFERME DES HAUTS PRES L'ISLET INC, L'ISLET, PQ, (418) 247-3138
HOCANF103710525DESDEUXLACS ALLEN EGLANTINEEX92CANYON-BREEZE ALLEN-ETLA FERME HUDON & FILS INC, ST. ANACLET, PQ, (418) 723-9674
HOCANF104103877DUPOTIER GOLDWYN FEEEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFERME DUPOTIER INC, ST. DONAT, PQ, (418) 739-5095
HOCANF8875244ENGLIDALE SS GLADYSEX92PURSUIT SEPTEMBER STORMENGLIDALE FARMS, LINDSAY, ON, (705) 328-0989
HOCANF7953866LEXIS GOLDWYN CURRYEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNHOWARDVALE HOLSTEINS, BREADALBANE, PE, (902) 886-2643
HOCANF7727024LONGVIEW BLITZ MOMENTOEX92FUSTEAD EMORY BLITZ-ETDONALD G. BOSTWICK, KINGSTON, NB, (506) 763-2943
HOCANF9610008MILLEN LOMAX ROSIEEX92FORTALE LOMAXMILLEN FARMS, OMEMEE, ON, (705) 292-5144
HOCANF104227502MYOSOTIS SEPTEMBER GENTILLYEX92PURSUIT SEPTEMBER STORMCLEMENT OSTIGUY & SYLVIE DEMERS, MARIEVILLE, PQ, (450) 460-3566
HOCANF103018724REJOGA DUNDEE CONNIEEX92REGANCREST DUNDEE-ETFERME GARONDALE, ST. DENIS, PQ, (418) 498-2341
HOCANF9533375SELBYVALE SPIRTE KRIMSONEX92CEDARWAL SPIRTEWILLIAM HAROLD ROBINSON, SELBY, ON, (613) 388-2641
HOCANF7975144SPRINGBEND PRIMETIME SYNERGYEX92WINDY-KNOLL-VIEW PRIMETIMEFERME YVON SICARD, ST. JUSTIN, PQ, (819) 227-2067
HOCANF8915873THERINDALE DRAKE CRISTCOEX92FAR-O-LA DEBBIE-JO DRAKE-ETTHERINDALE FARMS INC, NORTH MILTON, PE, (902) 368-2002
HOCANF7749332TOMALYNN DUNDEE MARISAEX92REGANCREST DUNDEE-ETTOMALYNN FARMS, OMEMEE, ON, (705) 799-6147
HOCANF7864081WALKERBRAE DAMION BRONTEEX92ERBACRES DAMIONWALKERBRAE FARMS, GUELPH, ON, (519) 824-0796
HOCANF7718343WEEKSDALE ALLEN LOLAEX92CANYON-BREEZE ALLEN-ETELMER WEEKS, BREADALBANE, PE, (902) 886-2152

From Table 1 it can be seen that genomic polled bulls far surpass the proven ones when it comes to gTPI™.  All bulls in Table 1 are heterozygous for the polled gene and will leave 50% of their progeny polled.

Polled Bulls Ranked by gLPI

Table 2 Polled Bulls Ranked by gLPI

NameID%RHAUdder ScoreFeet & Legs ScoreFinal ScoreAge OwnerState
JOLEANNA GOLD POURINRAIN-ETUSA 1405575761009186892-08Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
GOLDIE SANCHEZ CHARDONAY-ETUSA 1405673221009085892-09Rustin Herr, Fay-Del Holsteins & Joseph LusbyPA
R-E-W HAPPY GO LUCKY-ETUSA 1408673011009186892-03Jeff Butler, Joe, Amber, Jeff & Terry PriceIL
MISS CALIFORNIA-REDUSA 695618801009090892-08Ernest W. KueffnerMD
OAKFIELD GOLD TOPAZ-ET8400030069887121009084882-09Austin Yoder & Matthias SwartzGA
CRAVE DUSK PENNY 6262840003007148508988785882-03Roseanne L CraveWI
CHARWILL ATTIC MARCYCAN 110346161008885882-03Gen-Com Holstein Ltd
DOUGAL LEA GOLDWYN DANITA-ETCAN 111765121008790882-03Gen-Com Holstein Ltd
WHITTIER-FARMS AMAZN SAMMYUSA 1406596341008888882-11Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
WHITTIER-FARMS SHAQ CRISTENUSA 1409047071008887882-06Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
VT-POND-VIEW CRUMBLE JAS-ETUSA 1410803091008790882-07Christopher LillyMA
JOY-WIL DUNDEE MILLIE-ETUSA 1411994521009083882-05Paige HostetterPA
LUCK-E SANCHEZ DEDRAUSA 666627411008986882-09Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ABSOLUTE TANGOUSA 666627521009086882-08James A. DunnPA
JAUQUET ANORA ATWOOD-ETUSA 687859931009086882-10Tyler & Nathan JauquetWI
HILROSE ADVENT ANNA-RED-ETUSA 690051171009086882-11Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
GREENLEA-TM DES BEA-RED-ETUSA 690567531008886882-10Milk Source LLCWI
NOR-WAY-PETE SANCHEZ STACYUSA 691301431008888882-09Andrew R. PetersonWI
GOLDEN-OAKS GWYN CLASSY-ETUSA 692150091008885882-08Kings-Ransom Farm LLCNY
SWANEE-ACRES SHO ECSTASYUSA 692703701009087882-09Jason A. SwansonIL
MILKSOURCE GLDWN LADYBUG-ETUSA 695922251009086882-04Milk Source LLCWI
ARETHUSA SANCHEZ DICE-ETUSA 704020811009090882-03Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
OAKFIELD-BRO AT FINANCE-ET8400030069890821008785872-04Adam J KingNY
BRACKLEYFARM CHELIOS CHERRIOCAN 108480751008786872-03Milk Source LLCWI
ROCKYMOUNTAIN MANOMAN DIMPL-ETCAN 109452301008886872-07Alphagen Syndicate & Ferme Jolicap IncWI
CHURCH-SITE SHOT PU PU-ETUSA 1405309311008785872-09James E. WautierWI
JOLEANNA RAIN GOOD THING-ETUSA 1405575581008787872-08Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
GLENNLAWN SNCHZ ELEGANT-ETUSA 1405668991008787872-09Brianna AdamavichWI
OVALTOP ADVENT JANUSA 1405708091008686872-10Douglas H. WolfeNY
GUS-WIND DQUSA 1405724451008686872-11Gus Wind HolsteinsWI
HFM MR SAM KIWIUSA 1405729401008788872-09Matthew SharpeNY
BVK ATWOOD ABBATHA-ETUSA 1406589961008685872-09World-Wide Sires Germany
WHITTIER-FARMS ASHOCK AMBERUSA 1406605021008787872-10Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
HEADLINE TERRASON DIXIEUSA 1406715191008687872-09Nicole M. HeadNY
BKB AFTERSHOCK AMORILLO-ETUSA 1406796741008790872-09Ranway Farms LLC, Devlyn Hurley & Harry LuskNY
JOLEANNA SHAMPOO MANDEVILLAUSA 1407324451008784872-06Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
WHITTIER-CF ATWOD LEGACY-ETUSA 1409089431008590872-03Todd J. Whittier & Cybil L. FisherMA
OVALTOP ADVNT FALLON-RED-ETUSA 1409211731008788872-05Michael D. WolfeNY
KISSAMEE GOLDWYN VIPER-ETUSA 1410016211008787872-06Christopher F. & Stephanie A. AndersonNY
JOY-WIL DUNDEE MACKENZIE-ETUSA 1411994431008786872-05Paige HostetterPA
DUPASQUIER GLDWYN ROZLYN-ETUSA 1412284151008785872-06Brett & Brennan WokerIL
HAZELS ATWOOD HARRIET-ETUSA 1413237721008786872-04Clark W. Woodmansee IIICT
GRANNY-ANNE VELVET LYLAUSA 660882041008883872-11Eugene S. Merriman, Jr.NY
CURR-VALE SHOTTLE DELIGHTUSA 664014681008885872-09Jessica Mae CurrieNY
CURR-VALE SHOTTLE CALI-ETUSA 664014781008785872-09Kayla CurrieNY
WILSTAR RS TALENT LILLY-ETUSA 666252751008882872-09Wilstar HolsteinsWI
BKB ATWOOD ADDY-ETUSA 666253471008785872-06Richmond Farms DairyNY
LUCK-E ATWOOD ANGELUSA 666627731008788872-07Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ADVENT COREENAUSA 666627861008786872-06Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ADVENT KIATA-ETUSA 666628201008786872-02Matt L. EngelIL
CO-VALE LUCAS 3635USA 66778501968786872-07Bradley CatesNY
CO-VALE TALENT JEN-ETUSA 667785161008886872-06Jason RandallNY
WALKER-FARM GABOR ELIZAUSA 667785821008687872-03Kate E. CurrieNY
GROVES-VU ALEXANDER RAKELUSA 667824961008686872-11Todd & Brad GrovesMO
SURE-VIEW SHOTTLE 309-ETUSA 686503241008787872-07Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
JAUQUET ARDELIS ATWOODUSA 687860081009087872-09Tyler & Nathan JauquetWI
LEW-LIN DUNDEE TIDBITUSA 687935231008687872-09Garnet T Weaver IIINY
LADYS-MANOR GOLD DENVER-ETUSA 688033791008784872-08Markland Registered HolsteinsNY
HILROSE SANCHEZ TAURUS-ETUSA 690051271008882872-10Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
HILROSE SIDNEY PERUUSA 690051361008782872-09Andrew BrantmeierWI
HILROSE BALTIMOR PENNY-ETUSA 690051791008586872-03Jeff BrantmeierWI
FARMDALE BRAXTON BERRYUSA 690384561008586872-09Michael J. SchoessowWI
MONANFRAN EXPLODE MARIONUSA 690852421009182872-09Jason E. KelseyNY
WOODLAWN STRMATIC DHARMA-ETUSA 690925101008885872-10Clark W. Woodmansee IIICT
RICHMOND-FD S BARBARA-ETUSA 693050431009085872-06John L. RichmondNY
MS CRESCENTMEAD DANIE-ETUSA 694361111008785872-04Budjon Farms, Peter C. Vail & Pierre BouletWI
ARETHUSA MAGICAL AMBITIONUSA 695623581008688872-09Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
ARETHUSA GOLDWYN ANNABELLEUSA 695623591008784872-09Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
MILKSOURCE ATWD ATLANTA-ETUSA 695922131008785872-06Milk Source LLCWI
MILKSOURCE LEWIS AUBURNUSA 695922361008988872-03MacArthur OstromWI
SHEMA ATWOOD ROXY-ETUSA 696281611008985872-05Marlin J. BontragerIA
KEVREL PLANET MIA-ETUSA 697530761009083872-05F. Kevin LeavertonMD
ERNEST-ANTHONY BLYTHEUSA 703017531008885872-02Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
ARETHUSA GOLDWYN ARIANA-ETUSA 703051761008886872-03Arethusa Farm, LLCCT

Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

Again note that genomic polled bulls far exceed their proven counterparts as in Table 1. All bulls in Table 2 are heterozygous for the polled gene.

Polled Bulls Ranked by NM$

Table 3 Polled Bulls Ranked by Net Merit (NM$)

NameBirthLPISireDam Name
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2355-ET12-Nov3840SUPERSIREDE-SU 520-ET
T-GEN-AC SRGNT JANALUNA-ET12-Dec3833SARGEANTBENNER FORK JANARDAN
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALISA-ET12-Nov3758MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
MATCREST MOGUL GLOBE-ET12-Nov3672MOGULZAHBULLS MASSEY GINA
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALYN-ET12-Nov3668MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
WELCOME MOGUL PATTS-ET12-Nov3651MOGULWELCOME BOOKEM PAISLEY-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYA-ET12-Nov3638MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINIE-ET12-Nov3622SUPERSIREUNIQUE-STYLE BOLTON MONEY
DE-SU UNO 2381-ET12-Nov3613NUMERO UNODE-SU 526-ET
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2832-ET12-Nov3564NUMERO UNOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAVEE-ET12-Nov3548MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
CLEAR-ECHO MCUTCHEN 2820-ET12-Oct3546MCCUTCHENCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2360-ET12-Nov3543SUPERSIREDE-SU 709-ET
SYNERGY MOGUL SNOWHITE-ET12-Dec3541MOGULSURE-VIEW OMAN SHIMMER-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHN QUEEN-ET12-Nov3523MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 162812-Nov3514SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
S-S-I SPRSIRE MELOSA8473-ET12-Nov3513SUPERSIRES-S-I BOOKEM MODESTO7269-ET
RONELEE SUPERSIRE TARYN-ET12-Nov3499SUPERSIRETIPTOP MANOMAN TALA 1843-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN DEE-ET12-Nov3498MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
SILVERRIDGE MOGUL AVOCATE12-Oct3489MOGULVELTHUIS SG MOM ALICIA
LARCREST CARDIGAN-ET12-Oct3468NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALE-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2337-ET12-Nov3462SUPERSIREDE-SU 520-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALEE-ET12-Nov3449MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
FARNEAR MCCUTCHEN 162412-Nov3443MCCUTCHENB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
RI-VAL-RE SNOWMAN NIKKI-ET12-Oct3435SNOWMANRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR NIKKI-ET
TRUSTMORE APRICOT MOGUL12-Oct3433MOGULVELTHUIS SG MOM ALICIA
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2833-ET12-Nov3432NUMERO UNOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
SPH YENNIE12-Nov3412MOGULYVETTE (DOMAIN X YELONDA)
RI-VAL-RE SUPRSRE NIKALA-ET12-Dec3412SUPERSIRERI-VAL-RE SUPER NADINE-ET
431212915112-Sep3402FACECYFEE
BOSSIDE MOGUL TESSA-ET12-Nov3385MOGULFARNEAR-REGAN TOAST-ET
ABBY-CONTOUR MOGUL DAISY-ET12-Nov3385MOGULABBY-CONTOUR DOMAIN DORA-ET
OCD MCCUTCH CLAIRE DANES-ET12-Oct3382MCCUTCHENCURR-VALE OBSERVER DELTA-ET
SEAGULL-BAY SH MAUREEN-ET12-Nov3364NUMERO UNOAMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2335-ET12-Nov3364SUPERSIREDE-SU 709-ET
SANDY-VALLEY MOGUL AMBER-ET12-Nov3362MOGULSANDY-VALLEY IO AMETHYST-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYE-ET12-Nov3362MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
S-S-I SHAN MOANA 8515-ET12-Nov3357SHANS-S-I OBSERV MANTECA7197-ET
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL IZZY-ET12-Dec3347MOGULRI-VAL-RE GOLDWYN NADINE
DES-Y-GEN HEFTY STATIC12-Oct3344HEFTYDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILKY
BOLDI MOGUL LOUISE12-Oct3343MOGULMSCHARTROIS PLANET LEONI-ET
OCONNORS MOGUL LARK12-Nov3343MOGULMAPEL WOOD M O M LUCY
SUDAN X NN12-Jul3334SUDANNN
SPEEK-NJ MOGUL DALIA 370-ET12-Oct3333MOGULREGAN-ALH PLANET DELORIA-ET
STANTONS MOGUL ELOISE12-Nov3333MOGULSTANTONS SUPER ELDA
OCD MCCUTCHEN DESIREE-ET12-Oct3330MCCUTCHENCURR-VALE OBSERVER DELTA-ET
RR R12-Nov3323MIXER
VISSTEIN ALINDE12-Sep3321HUNTERVISSTEIN CARINA
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2788-ET12-Sep3321LEXORCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2280-ET
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6881-ET12-Oct3320NUMERO UNOCO-OP BOLIVER YOYO-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN LIA-ET12-Nov3318MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR NIKKI-ET
CEDARWAL MITCH EMMY12-Oct3317MITCHCEDARWAL MANOMAN EMERALD
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GAILA-ET12-Nov3316SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2352-ET12-Nov3315MCCUTCHENDE-SU 9990-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161012-Dec3313SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PERU-ET12-Nov3311SUPERSIREL-L-M-DAIRY J STREAM PROCKY
STANTONS MOGUL CINDY12-Nov3306MOGULMS CHASSITY OBS CLAIRE-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN EVE-ET12-Nov3301MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
DE-SU ODADDY 2383-ET12-Nov3299DADDYDE-SU 719-ET
DE-SU ODADDY 2327-ET12-Nov3299DADDYDE-SU 719-ET
TJR MCCUTCHEN DIAMOND-ET12-Dec3296MCCUTCHENMORNINGVIEW SUPER DEANN
DE-SU OBSERVER 224612-Oct3287OBSERVERDE-SU 76-ET
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2323-ET12-Nov3286MCCUTCHENRMW SUPER ARIANE-ET
RED-OAK-DB MOGUL LEIGH-ET12-Oct3282MOGULRED-OAK-DB O MAN LEAD
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2787-ET12-Sep3280LEXORCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2280-ET
MS ADERYN MC ABIGAIL-ET12-Oct3279MCCUTCHENKHW SUPER ADERYN-ET
STANTONS MOGUL EDWYNN12-Nov3271MOGULSTANTONS OBSERVER EXPOSE
SYNERGY MOGUL SHARONA-ET12-Dec3270MOGULSURE-VIEW OMAN SHIMMER-ET
FLY-HIGHER SUPSIRE MINNI-ET12-Nov3269SUPERSIREFLY-HIGHER BOLTON MISHA-ET
DE-SU MOGUL 233312-Nov3267MOGULDE-SU 502-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161512-Dec3267SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
FARNEAR MCCUTCHEN 162112-Nov3241MCCUTCHENB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
SULLHRTFORD MOGUL 371-ET12-Oct3240MOGULSULLY HART DOMAIN 133-ET
CO-OP UNO SYDNEY 6886-ET12-Oct3240NUMERO UNOFUSTEAD SYDNEY CRI-ET
CNN DEHLI12-Oct3238MOGULBOGART X DREAM 1
SUNDAY12-Nov3237MOGULSUNSHINE
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161412-Dec3234SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
EDG STICTH MOGUL STAR-ET12-Oct3232MOGULGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
LEOTHE MOM WRAP DUFFY12-Oct3230WRAPLEOTHE BAXTER DAPHNEE
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2353-ET12-Nov3228MCCUTCHENDE-SU 489-ET
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINDY-ET12-Nov3226SUPERSIREUNIQUE-STYLE BOLTON MONEY
COOMBOONA SNOWMAN BOLTA-IMP-ET12-Jul3226SNOWMANWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
MS WELCOME EPIC LAILA-ET12-Nov3221EPICMSWELCOME OBSERVER LAURI-ET
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GALES-ET12-Nov3220SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE
ROCKYMOUNTAIN UNO CLARISA12-Oct3216NUMERO UNOLARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
FUSTEAD UNO LOVE-ET12-Aug3215NUMERO UNOGLEN-TOCTIN BOLT LUCILLE-ET
S-S-I UNO MIRANDA 8503-ET12-Nov3213NUMERO UNO
RIVER-BRIDGE D DAY 40028-ET12-Oct3210DAYCO-OP RB PLANET YANNA-ET
S-S-I DADDY EARTHA 8461-ET12-Nov3209DADDYS-S-I ROBUST ECALON 7257-ET
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL EVETTE-ET12-Dec3205MOGULRI-VAL-RE GOLDWYN NADINE
DE-SU LAYNE 2359-ET12-Nov3202LAYNECLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2150-ET
NORTH-ECHO NUM UNO 2813-ET12-Oct3200NUMERO UNONORTH-ECHO BOOKEM 2305-ET
EVER-GREEN-VIEW ASP12-Oct3199MOGULBROEKS ASPEN-ET
CLEAR-ECHO SUPERSIRE 283012-Nov3198SUPERSIRECOOKIECUTTER BOWS HOMONY-ET
CO-OP DAY CLASSY 6832-ET12-Sep3193DAYCO-OP PLANET CLASSY-ET
SONRAY-ACRES SOC OBSERVR VI11-Jan3191OBSERVERSONRAY-ACRES SHOT SOCRTS PI
CO-OP DAY SYDNEY 6838-ET12-Sep3186DAYFUSTEAD SYDNEY CRI-ET
STANTONS MOGUL JESSICA12-Nov3184MOGULSTANTONS FREDDIE CAMEO
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE DAPHNE-ET12-Dec3182SUPERSIREPINE-TREE SHARLA DAPHNE-ET
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GENEVA-ET12-Nov3180SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE

For Net Merit ($) polled bulls are still far behind the 900+ values being seen today by horned bulls. That will change 3-4 years after breeders and breeding companies that use NMS as their primary index begin to place emphasis on having polled cattle. Compared to the gTPI™ list there is some re-ranking of the bulls at the top for Net Merit. In other words, there is not perfect bull.

Polled Bulls Ranked by BEI

Table 4   Polled Bulls Ranked by BEI (Bullvine Efficiency Index)

NameBirthdateSireGTPI*Owner
LARCREST CARDIGAN-ET10/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2634Jon E. Larson
DE-SU UNO 2381-ET11/18/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2616Darin Meyer
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2355-ET11/9/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2615Darin Meyer
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALISA-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2588Tim Clark
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2360-ET11/11/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2554De Su Holsteins LLC
HFP LUCETTE8/22/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2539Alta Genetics Inc - USA Bulls
OCD MCCUTCHEN DUCHESS-ET10/28/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2538Oakfield Corners Dairy
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2349-ET11/7/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2517De Su Holsteins LLC
LARCREST CRAYON-ET10/31/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2512Jon E. Larson
CLEAR-ECHO SUPERSIRE 283011/3/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2512Clear Echo Farm LLC
DE-SU LAYNE 2359-ET11/11/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2511De Su Holsteins LLC
MS EMILY ELIORA-ET12/3/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2508Trans-America Genetics
SEAGULL-BAY SH MAUREEN-ET11/5/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2503Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
COYNE-FARMS SROCK JACKLE-ET10/26/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2494Coyne Farms Inc.
S-S-I DEAN BROXTON 8519-ET11/24/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2484Select Sires Inc.
MATCREST MOGUL GLOBE-ET11/30/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2483Matt & Brad Johnson
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAVEE-ET11/21/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2480Tim Clark
SULLHRTFORD MOGUL 371-ET10/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2479Robert Eustice & Mike Sullivan
WELCOME MOGUL PATTS-ET11/9/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2479Welcome Stock Farm LLC
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PHAWN-ET11/18/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2476L-L-M Dairy
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINIE-ET11/29/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2475Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
SANDY-VALLEY UNO ADDISON-ET11/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2475Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
DE-SU UNO 2294-ET10/22/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2471De Su Holsteins LLC
SPEEK-NJ MOGUL DALIA 370-ET10/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2469Robert J. Eustice
OCD MCCUTCHEN DESIREE-ET10/30/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2468Oakfield Corners Dairy
RONELEE FEELING FANCY-ET8/14/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2462Sherman Polinder
COYNE-FARMS MOGUL MIA-ET10/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2461Coyne Farms Inc.
MS DREARY DRUSIE-ET12/5/2012ROYLANE BOXER PUNCH 4311-ET2459Trans-America Genetics
DE-SU ODADDY 2302-ET10/24/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2458De Su Holsteins LLC
TJR MCCUTCHEN DIAMOND-ET12/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2456TJR Genetics
COURT-US-MS UNO DOSE-ET8/20/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2454Scott & Shane Courtney & Mark
T-GEN-AC SRGNT JANALUNA-ET12/5/2012SEAGULL-BAY SARGEANT-ET2454Tim Clark
CO-OP UNO SYDNEY 6886-ET10/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2450Genesis Cooperative Herd
DE-SU UNO 2312-ET10/29/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2448De Su Holsteins LLC
VISION-GEN CAM A14142-ET10/2/2012SHEMA JEEVES CAMERON-ET2447VISION GENETICS
MS APPLES UNO ARMANA-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2446Apple Partners LLC
CO-OP DAY CLASSY 6832-ET9/15/2012MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET2442Genesis Cooperative Herd
PINE-TREE 4233 MOGU 5523-ET10/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2440Matthew J. Steiner
SANDY-VALLEY UNO SAGE-ET10/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2438Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE DAPHNE-ET12/2/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2437Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
MS ADERYN MC ABIGAIL-ET10/25/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2437Dennis Caudil
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYA-ET11/22/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2437Tim Clark
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4536-ET11/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2435David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
PLAIN-KNOLL NMROUNO 6494-ET11/21/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2433Buschur Dairy Inc.
AURORA MOGUL 13446-ET11/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2433Aurora Ridge Dairy LLC
PREHEN SHAMROCK LADY ET9/7/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2433Holstein UK
SCO-LO-KRUSE DEAN CANDY-ET10/29/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2432John Cannon & Rob Kruse
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6881-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2431Genesis Cooperative Herd
OCD SS SOLEIL MOON FRYE-ET10/26/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2430Oakfield Corners Dairy
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALYN-ET11/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2428Tim Clark
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6883-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2427Genesis Cooperative Herd
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4535-ET11/14/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2426David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
S-S-I DADDY EARTHA 8461-ET11/1/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2425Select Sires Inc.
NORTH-ECHO NUM UNO 2813-ET10/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2425Clear Echo Farm LLC & North Fo
SANDY-VALLEY UNO SCARLET-ET10/6/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2425Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
ROSYLANE-LLC SHAMROCK 577611/18/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2424Rosy-Lane Holsteins LLC
MS GOLD-N-OAKS ADORE2500-ET7/8/2012GENERVATIONS EPIC2422Arabell Syndicate
VISION-GEN CAM A14166-ET10/12/2012SHEMA JEEVES CAMERON-ET2422VISION GENETICS
JOLICAP LAYNE DELPHINIUM-ET11/3/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2422Ferme Jolicap Inc
RONELEE SUPERSIRE TARYN-ET11/13/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2422Sherman Polinder
S-S-I UNO MARYANN 8526-ET11/27/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2422Select Sires Inc.
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2787-ET9/2/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2421Clear Echo Farm LLC
MS ADERYN MC ALLIE-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2420Dennis Caudil
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2352-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2419De Su Holsteins LLC
S-S-I DADDY KACEY 8471-ET11/3/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2419Select Sires Inc.
S-S-I SHAN MARSHA 8525-ET11/24/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2419Select Sires Inc.
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINDY-ET11/28/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2417Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
MS DREARY DREIMA-ETS11/10/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2417Trans-America Genetics
MS DREARY DREMA-ETS11/10/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2417Trans-America Genetics
LADIES-FIRST LXOR BANGLE-ET9/1/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2416Barbara Mountain & Ladies Firs
JERESA UNO PINEAPPLE-ET10/31/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2416Jere L & Teresa J Brubaker
RANSOM-RAIL MCCUTCH PING-ET10/11/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2415Ransom Rail Farms Inc.
S-S-I SHAN MOANA 8515-ET11/22/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2415Select Sires Inc.
TJR MCCUTCH DE-ANNA-ET11/10/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2415TJR Genetics
SANDY-VALLEY MOGUL AMBER-ET11/1/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2414Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
RANSOM-RAIL MCCUTCH PEG-ET10/11/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2414Ransom Rail Farms Inc.
BACON-HILL MOGUL EZRA-ET11/2/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2413Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
DE-SU UNO 2298-ET10/23/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2412De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2323-ET11/2/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2410De Su Holsteins LLC
CLAYTOP WHOLE LOTTA LOVE-ET6/23/2011LOTTA-HILL SHOTTLE 41-ET2408Jeffrey L. Paulen
WELCOME PARISH PRESTO-ET11/29/2012PLAIN-KNOLL PARISH 5534-ET2407Welcome Stock Farm LLC
LARCREST CREEK-ET11/2/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2406Jon E. Larson
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYE-ET11/22/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2404Tim Clark
SLO-TRAIN SHAM 34876/19/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2403Robert J. LaSalle
KERNDTWAY PETRONE DELTA-ET10/27/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2403Mark W. Kerndt
OCD MCCUTCHEN DAFNE-ET10/21/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2402Oakfield Corners Dairy
RONELEE UNO DARINGLY-ET10/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2401Sherman Polinder
S-S-I UNO MIRANDA 8503-ET11/15/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2400Select Sires Inc.
ATH-MOR UNO MIDNIGHT CRI-ET11/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2400Genesis Cooperative Herd
SPRUCE-HAVEN UNO KY14242-ET11/11/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2399Doug Young & James Nocek
BOSSIDE MOGUL TESSA-ET11/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2399John & Tineke Boschma
EDG BRYSHA UNO BREN-ET12/2/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2399Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2330-ET11/4/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2393De Su Holsteins LLC
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SERI-ETS10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Steven G. Holte
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SHANDA-ETS10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Steven G. Holte
LANDIS-MRK MOGUL ZANETA-ET11/1/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Robert E. Landis
RONELEE MOGUL DAVIANNA-ET10/8/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2390Sherman Polinder
EDG BRYSHA UNO BRISEN-ETS11/25/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
EDG BRYSHA UNO BRESEN-ETS11/25/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Jeffrey Butler
S-S-I SPRSIRE MELOSA8473-ET11/3/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2390Select Sires Inc.
LARCREST CREST-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Jon E. Larson
AB-TY NUMERO UNO BRIELLE-ET11/26/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2388AB-TY Genetics
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4539-ET11/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2387David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
MS DREARY DREAMAR-ET11/23/2012ROYLANE BOXER PUNCH 4311-ET2387Trans-America Genetics
WESSELCREST FACEB MAGGIE-ET1/25/2012MARBRI FACEBOOK2386Walt Brent & Jason Wessel
NO-FLA MOGUL STACY 34071-ET10/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2386North Florida Holsteins
S-S-I ASPEN MILA 8518-ET11/24/2012PINE-TREE ASPEN 223-ET2386Select Sires Inc.
S-S-I DADDY PRIMA 8452-ET10/31/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2385Select Sires Inc.
NORTH-ECHO LITHIUM 2778-ET8/23/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2385Clear Echo Farm LLC & North Fo
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6882-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2385Genesis Cooperative Herd
LEVEL-PLAIN ECOYNE COLA-ET9/9/2012ECOYNE ISY2385Keith A. Nettekoven
EDG STICTH MOGUL STAR-ET10/30/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2385Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PERU-ET11/15/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2384L-L-M Dairy
TJR MCCUTCHEN DICE-ET12/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2384TJR Genetics
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALEE-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2384Tim Clark
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2788-ET9/4/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2383Clear Echo Farm LLC
RICKLAND O-DADDY 446611/26/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2382Greg Rickert
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHN QUEEN-ET11/15/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2379Aaron Jorgensen
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2335-ET11/6/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2379De Su Holsteins LLC
HALL-LAR NUT 42610/18/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2379S. Larson & D. Hallberg
NO-FLA MOGUL TAMIA 34132-ET10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2378North Florida Holsteins
S-S-I SHAN SHARI 8517-ET11/22/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2378Select Sires Inc.
LARCREST CONCORD-ET10/26/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2378Jon E. Larson
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2833-ET11/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2378Clear Echo Farm LLC
SPEEK-NJ CINDY CRAWFORD-ET11/28/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2378Neil McDonah
DE-SU ODADDY 2383-ET11/18/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2378De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU LITHIUM 2299-ET10/24/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2377Darin Meyer
ABBY-CONTOUR MOGUL DAISY-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2377Randy & Sara Mikshowsky
HONEYCREST MOGUL FANFARE-ET9/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2376Honeycrest Farms Inc
DE-SU LITHIUM 2325-ET11/2/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2375Darin Meyer
SYNERGY MOGUL SNOWHITE-ET12/6/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2375Synergy Farm LLC
FUSTEAD UNO LOVE-ET8/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2375Brian & Wendy Fust
BACCHUS ELION 25/28/2012COOKIECUTTER MOM HUNTER-ET2375A L H Genetics BV
M-JAYBEE GRAFEETI 6252 96797/30/2012LADYS-MANOR RD GRAFEETI-ET2374Fiscalini Farms
NO-FLA PARADISE 33729-ET9/10/2012REGANCREST PARADISE-ET2372North Florida Holsteins
NO-FLA MAURICE RAE 34224-ET10/28/2012MOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET2372North Florida Holsteins
AURORA PERRY 13448-ET11/14/2012CO-OP UPD AL PERRY 4102372Aurora Ridge Dairy LLC
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4521-ET11/6/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2372David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
SONRAY-ACRES PTRN CRYSTL-ET11/17/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2371Paul G. Powell
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GALES-ET11/29/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2370Welcome Stock Farm LLC
OCD MCCUTCHEN DAWSYN-ET11/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2370Oakfield Corners Dairy
SPEEK-NJ PENELOPE CRUZ-ET11/27/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2370Neil McDonah
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE MAY-ET12/1/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2369Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
EVER-GREEN-VIEW ASP10/23/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2369Thomas J. Kestell
ATH-MOR UNO MAGIC CRI-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2369Genesis Cooperative Herd
S-S-I DEAN MINDA 8537-ET12/2/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2368Select Sires Inc.
SANDY-VALLEY UNO DOS-ET8/14/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
TUI CAYLEAH UNO-ET8/21/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Psuche L. & Curtis D. Hoffman
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2311-ET10/28/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2368De Su Holsteins LLC
KHW JOLICAP UNO ADELMA-ET11/23/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Ferme Jolicap Inc
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2353-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2367De Su Holsteins LLC
S-S-I FONSY SHAKIRA 8453-ET10/31/2012EVER-GREEN-VIEW FONSY-ET2367Select Sires Inc.
MATCREST LEXOR CHI CHI-ET10/30/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2366Matthew R. Johnson
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2337-ET11/6/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2366Darin Meyer
SYNERGY UNO PIZAZZ-ET12/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2365Synergy Farm LLC
SANDY-VALLEY MF AMARILLO-ET11/23/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2365Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
FROSTY-ROCK NUMERO UNO 94310/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2364Matt & Katie Stoll
BRU-DALE PETRONE ZELDA-ET11/1/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2364Michael R & Melissa M Brubaker
FLY-HIGHER SUPSIRE MINNI-ET11/22/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2363Fly-Higher Holsteins LLC
HONEYCREST MOGUL FANTASY-ET9/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2362Honeycrest Farms Inc
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SOLO-ET4/14/2012MISTY SPRINGS SUPERSONIC2361Steven G. Holte
DE-SU UNO 2306-ET10/26/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2359De Su Holsteins LLC
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL EVETTE-ET12/9/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2358Aaron Jorgensen
DE-SU MOGUL 2380-ET11/18/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2358De Su Holsteins LLC
SANDY-VALLEY MAY ABRIANA-ET11/24/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2358Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GAILA-ET11/26/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2356Welcome Stock Farm LLC
RI-VAL-RE SUPRSRE NIKALA-ET12/10/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2356Aaron Jorgensen
ANDERCREST MOGUL ALEXIS-ET11/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2356Brandon Anderson
BUSH-BROS UNO 4533-ET11/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2356David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
ARMSON MOGUL VIOLET-ET11/2/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2354Armson Farms LLC
WELCOME MCCUTCHEN SALLI-ET11/29/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2354Welcome Stock Farm LLC
RIVER-BRIDGE BUGGLES CRI-ET11/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2354Genesis Cooperative Herd
S-S-I UNO RAWNIE 8446-ET10/29/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2353Select Sires Inc.
VIEUXSAULE MAYFIELD DABNEY-ET10/24/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2353Trans-America Genetics
VISION-GEN SHA A14130-ET9/28/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2353VISION GENETICS
MD-MRK-OVF UNO MARGO-ET11/5/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2352Matthew R Kimball
SLO-TRAIN SHAM 85255/22/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2352Robert J. LaSalle
NO-FLA PARADISE 34011-ET10/9/2012REGANCREST PARADISE-ET2351North Florida Holsteins
JK EDER CREAMY11/16/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2351Eurogenes
GOLD-N-OAKS SB JULES2523-ET8/18/2012MR GOLDNOAKS SUPERBOWL-ET2351John & Judy Swenson
HENDEL MCTCHN ADRIA 3719-ET10/26/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2349Hendel Farms
DE-SU ODADDY 2327-ET11/3/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2349De Su Holsteins LLC
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4541-ET11/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2349David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
MORNINGVIEW ROBUST RADIO-ET6/30/2011ROYLANE SOCRA ROBUST-ET2349Tom J. Schmitt
AB-TY NUMERO UNO BRIUNA-ET11/24/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2349AB-TY Genetics
OCD MCCUTCHEN MADISON-ET11/7/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2348Oakfield Corners Dairy
T-GEN-AC LAYNE LYCKA-ET11/13/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2348Tim Clark
S-S-I SNOWMAN MELLY 8460-ET10/31/2012FLEVO GENETICS SNOWMAN-ET2347Select Sires Inc.
JC-KOW NUMERO UNO 473-ET11/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2346JC-Kow Farms LLC
N-SPRINGHOPE HDLINER YES-ET11/10/2012SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET2346J Kevin & Barbara Nedrow
EDG CLAIRE CAROLINA-ET10/23/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2345Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
DELCATH NUMERO-UNO JAYDA-ET10/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2345Gary L. Protzman
SANDY-VALLEY MOGL RAMONA-ET10/25/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2345Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
DE-SU UNO 2316-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2324-ET11/2/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MAYFIELD 235711/10/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU LITHIUM 2266-ET10/14/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2343De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU ODADDY 2304-ET10/25/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2343De Su Holsteins LLC
OCD MCCUTCHEN DUBLIN-ET10/30/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2343Oakfield Corners Dairy
COOKIECUTTER MOGUL HARBOR11/18/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2342Denise M. Dickinson

* Expressed relative to a value of 2000 set for the highest animal in the group using the CDN Customized Index Calculator
Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

For information on BEI follow this link (Read more: 30 Sires that will produce Feed Efficient Cows).  Between the top three bulls in Table 4 there is little difference when it comes to siring feed efficient cows. A s with Net merit (Table 3) bulls come to the top for BEI when they are rated for their daughters being moderate in stature and body depth, fertile, have moderate depth of udder, are able to resist mastitis, are able to calve in without difficulty (DCE or DCA) and have a long herd life.

PP Polled Bulls

Table 5 PP Bulls Ranked by BEI

CANADIANINTERNATIONALYOUNG SIRES
LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN-ETCO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY-ET
CRACKHOLM FEVERCOYNE-FARMS DORCY-ETSOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD-ET
BRAEDALE GOLDWYNDE-SU  CIMARRON-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET
ALLYNDALE-I ATTICUSBADGER-BLUFF FANNY FREDDIEMR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET
LIRR DREW DEMPSEYCERVI ALLEMAR ETCO-OP BOOKEM YUXI-ET
DE-SU GILLESPY-ETDE-SU GULF-ETCO-OP MASTER GENO-ET
GEN-I-BEQ BRAWLERBERTAIOLA MINCIO ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO ET
GILLETTE JORDANGUARINI-ETTEEMAR OBSERVER ADAM-ET
GEN-I-BEQ TOPSIDEDE-SU FORK-ETDE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET
ENSENADA TABOO PLANET-ETDE-SU WATSONDE-SU UNO 11446-ET

* Expressed relative to a value of 2000 set for the highest animal in the group using the CDN Customized Index Calculator
Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

The information in table 5 came from the CDN files (Most listings do not separate out PP bulls.) The only sure way to have all progeny born polled is to use PP bulls.  That will limited the total genetic merit of your herd but it will get you to a polled herd more quickly.

Lowering Inbreeding

For breeders using polled sires and interested in lowering the inbreeding level in their herd, we provide a list of bulls that are below average for their inbreeding level (the number in the brackets is their Inbreeding %): Man P (2.73%); Magna P (3.88%); Illegal P (4.46%); Trey PP (4.58%); Snowball P (4.67%); Colt P (5.20%); Earnhardt P (5.78%); and Terrel PP (6.01%).

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The great news is – there is more choice and increased genetic merit than ever before in polled Holstein sires. As we reported previously, polled animals have made significant gains in the last five years when it comes to their total merit indexes relative to horned animals. The Bullvine recommends that breeders include at least three polled sire in the group of sires that they are currently using. In five years you will pat yourself on the back and say ‘Good Decision’. Discerning consumers of milk products want to know that the milk products that they buy come from animals that are humanely cared for.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

 

Polled Dairy Genetics: The Cold Hard Facts

Tuesday, January 7th, 2014

Polled dairy cattle have been on the scene for a considerable length of time. (Read more: From the Sidelines to the Headlines, Polled is Going Mainline!, Why Is Everyone So Horny For Polled? And Polled Genetics: Way of the Future or Passing Fad?) Until recently however polled has not been a mainline topic for breeders. That statement is not meant as a slight to dedicated pioneering polled breeders. It is simply a fact.  Let’s consider “the cold hard facts” as they exist today.

Why are There So Few Numbers?

The fact is that polled has not come to the front page for Holstein and Jersey organizations. As recently as 2012 we could not find published percentages of registrations that there were for polled animals. Perhaps in a couple of months, when the 2013 statistics are published, we may get some stats on polled.

What is Getting Tracked?

We do know that Red and White animals represent about 5% of the Holsteins in North America. However the current thinking appears to be that polled should be even more of a consideration than coat color (Read more: Is Polled the New Red). In case you are wondering, here are some other 2012 facts about Canadian dairy cattle as published by CDN: 5% are from ET; 90.6 % are from A.I. sires; 94.3% are Holsteins; and 3.5% of Holsteins registered were genomically tested. In addition to those stats it would be very interesting to break down polled registrations in the same way.

Where in the World are Polled Animals?

Going beyond North America we found that 50% of Norwegian Red (NRF) calves born in Norway are polled. Nowhere else appears to match that prevalence. Yet there is a naturally 100% polled breed in the UK called Red Polled Cattle. It is a dual milk and meat breed but it is not popular in large intensively managed dairy herds. As well some Jersey breeders are advertising that they are developing polled herds. Two such herds are Dutch Hollow in New York State and Ardachie Polled Jerseys in New Zealand.  Of course Holstein breeders will be familiar with the famous polled cow, Golden-Oaks Perk Rae-Red-ET PO EX90 (Read more: GOLDEN-OAKS PERK RAE – 2012 Golden Dam Finalist), a finalist in the The Bullvine’s Golden Dam Competition. She traces back to the Queen of the Breed, Glenridge Citation Roxy EX97.

Is Polled Genetically Competitive?

For decades polled in Holsteins has remained very much on the back burner for breeders because, in general, polled animals were well below average for their total genetic merit and were selected mainly for the presence of the polled gene. A study of the top ten (gLPI) polled males and females born in North America, 2009 to 2013, paints a revised picture for the progress being made by polled animals.

 Table 1 Average PA gLPI for Top Ten North American Holsteins Born 2009 to 2013

NameLPIMilkFatProt%F%PConf
MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET3837223791890.060.1415
GENERVATIONS LIQUID GOLD36071655105870.430.2914
MR CHARTROI ELOQUENT-ET35071885110910.40.2713
MR LOOKOUT P EMBARGO-ET34671827101710.320.1116
DE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET34471954101740.280.0814
SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET34462613116890.190.0410
SEAGULL-BAY PLATINUM-ETS33882560101940.070.1111
SEAGULL-BAY DIAMOND-ETS33882560101940.070.1111
STANTONS BOOKKEEPER3361202176830.030.1714
FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY-ET3356163295680.340.1413
TEXEL BEAUTY COSMO-ET3353138497690.450.2114
ROYLANE BOOKEM BOB 5170-ET3351202296940.220.2710
SEAGULL-BAY SARGEANT-ET3343245893870.010.0610
RMW ANCHOR-ET33291826108590.39-0.0115
SULLY MCCORD 269-ET33271958106730.330.112
SEAGULL-BAY SHAW-ET332628919795-0.11010
MR LOOKOUT PSC ALTADRUM-ET3319167396800.320.2210
DIRT-ROAD MANOMAN CARREW-ET33161600102920.410.368
HOOD M-O-M EMMETT-ET3306173092800.260.2111
GENERVATIONS FUZION3305166793830.30.2510
FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET33051899104720.340.0912
LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET3299200494790.190.115
END-ROAD PEOTI BERRY3298165595830.320.2612
MISTY SPRINGS NUMBER ONE32981396107710.540.2314
OCD O-STYLE SALVATORE-ET3293296210395-0.05-0.0210
GENERVATIONS LEXOR3286172691870.260.2712
DE-SU RB MONTREAL 11043-ET32851882102800.330.1913
TRIONE NIAGRA VIGOR-ET32803211106113-0.150.065
BOLDI V LIGHTSNOW32732506114920.220.1211
SULLY MORDEN 270-ET32641819108720.40.1310
BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET326226979384-0.07-0.0310
VELTHUIS LET IT SNOW325825468996-0.050.1316
DE-SU RB MOONRAY 11038-ET32572202124860.430.157
TEEMAR OBSERVER ADAM-ET325124238980-0.010.0114
S-S-I PEOTI MANSUR-ET3239154891760.320.2310
COOKIECUTTER HEFTY-ET3237191788840.150.1814
S-S-I PEOTI MOWGLI-ET3235143690750.340.2510
OMANOMAN32142426110880.180.0711
COOKIECUTTER MOM HUNTER-ET3214183888760.180.1314
HENDEL MANCINI-ET3207261199790.02-0.0511
MICHIGAN BUMBLEBEE-ET3207195898750.270.1112
DE-SU FREDDIE GALAXY-ET3203239996810.060.0212
VELTHUIS SG EVERLASTING31972693101950.010.0712
DE-SU ROBUST MADRID 1209-ET31972296118860.340.118
MR WABASH-WAY ENCINO-ET3197203283820.050.1214
GENERVATIONS GIZMO3195189982770.120.1214
S-S-I SNOWMAN MCGYVER-ET319227979890-0.06010
S-S-I SNOWMAN DOUBLETAKE-ET319132519899-0.22-0.0511
DE-SU ALTAJACKMAN-ET3189224887830.030.110
SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET3188195299770.250.1311
MARBRI FACEBOOK31881925106710.330.0612
MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET3187190588670.160.0414
BOMAZ ROBUST TOOLSHOP-ET31861562112840.510.318
GREENLANE SUNNYLODGE SEA31862075105780.260.0812
DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET3184186981720.130.1116
BERGITTE HATLEY31832256109830.250.0813
O-BEE LIGHTNING BOLTON317731521231000.04-0.018
CO-OP BOOKEM YUXI-ET317718806873-0.010.1113
DE-SU PHOENIX 588-ET31752836117970.120.059
COOMBOONA OMAN EVERETT-IMP-ET3174192289790.160.1310
SULLY MUNITION-ET3173226294830.110.0910
COYNE-FARMS SHOTTLE YAN-ET31683390112112-0.140.026
MR CHARTROISE ELDORADO-ET3168162583750.220.215
MR MAN-O-MAN 491-ET3167163094770.30.2113
LOOKOUT P ETERNITY316628208484-0.2-0.0812
PIROLO SOLEMIO-ET3163135384680.310.2112
S-S-I BOOKEM MORGAN-ET3159212185760.060.0610
DE-SU JEROD 1223-ET3153196895640.22013
KOEPON ALTACLASSMAN3151175997780.310.1710
SULLY ALTAMERCI-ET31502336100870.150.117
DE-SU MCMILLEN 11077-ET31471730110680.460.1111
BOUW MOM COS-ET31471424109670.550.1713
LEOTHE DEXTERMAN31441140105700.620.310
CO-OP MASTER GENO-ET31411762109680.430.17
CO-OP BOOKEM YOWZA-ET3135205079830.040.158
AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO ET3125115788540.430.1314
BACON-HILL O MOHAWK-ET312430409092-0.23-0.079
BOMAZ ALTABETTMAN-ET31241554108810.480.296
RI-VAL-RE NELY-ET3123191692800.190.1611
DE-SU MARVIN 11090-ET31191655103710.410.169
BERGITTE HATBOX3119168198690.360.1315
DE-SU BK DISTRIBUTE 1150-ET3118187387750.180.1313
HY-JO-DE OBSERVER LOREN-ET310822258076-0.030.0314
S-S-I ROBUST TOPAZ-ET31052090105830.260.165
VELTHUIS SG LIMITATION310428479191-0.14-0.0112
CABON FERNAND3103167294730.290.1510
FROHLAND LAUMAN310128359288-0.14-0.0510
COMESTAR LAUSMART310128359288-0.14-0.0510
DE-SU FRED MIDLAND 1260-ET3101223596780.130.059
CO-OP ROBUST CABRIOLET-ET30991908111750.40.136
S-S-I OBSERVER MANTLE-ET3099175580700.140.1212
ROCKYMOUNTAIN ALTAREMUS3097193796840.230.215
DIRT-ROAD MANO CLEMENTE-ET30951278109770.590.3211
LARS-ACRES FRANKINSTEIN-ET3090163792720.30.198
VELTHUIS ALPINE3089215197780.170.0912
MISTY SPRINGS BRACKLEY30881412104710.490.2211
DE-SU ROBUST ZEUS 11009-ET3086220188750.060.039
DE-SU ALTAJOHNSON-ET308428738288-0.25-0.0511
MAPEL WOOD LANYARD3078175885820.20.2113
SILA WWS MOM WILAND ET3074171785890.20.36
GENERVATIONS ENSIGN3070152199710.410.189
HAMMER-CREEK ALTAKOOL-ET3070159066680.050.1315
TOM-ANNA MAN-O-MAN 803070109291660.490.2713
COYNE-FARMS JACEY CRI-ET306920007278-0.040.1211
S-S-I SNOWMAN MENTOR-ET306825137888-0.150.0711
HAMMER-CREEK M-M KODIAK-ET3064149276750.170.2313
HOOD M-O-M EMRAY-ET30641753101740.350.1510
DE-SU 1256 VINTAGE-ET306125629188-0.050.039
COYNE-FARMS BRONCO YENNY-ET306125708485-0.120.019
LARCREST CRYPTON-ET30591202103630.570.2113
VAL-BISSON DOORMAN3057136169620.190.1719
SULLY HARTFORD SWMN MINK-ET305522788081-0.030.0814
MAPEL WOOD BOULDER3055142496700.410.1911
S-S-I SNOWMAN MAYFLOWER-ET304929298796-0.220.019
LYNNCREST DORCY ZUMBA-ET3049197292610.18-0.0316
VELTHUIS S G SHARK30481921109850.360.197
S-S-I PATRIOT MADE-ET3048159074630.140.0914
RMW ARMITAGE3047148286700.290.1811
HENDEL MAINSTAY-ET304630479093-0.21-0.0411
CO-OP RADIANT-ET30462113103820.240.138
VELTHUIS R DEVAN3046183588680.20.114
SPRUCE-HAVEN ALTAARTURO-ET304522536384-0.20.0912
DE-SU RB SKYLINE 1390-ET3045174796660.320.19
WELCOME GRANPA30442085128870.480.185
SULLY HARTFORD SWMN MYTH-ET3043318687100-0.29-0.0211
WEIGELINE OBSERVE PUZZLE-ET304222348372-0.01-0.0111
DE-SU O MACON 1000-ET30412002758000.1513
LARCREST CREDIBLE-ET3041179097690.310.1112
COMESTAR LOBSTER3040152478710.20.1711
GENERVATIONS WILLPOWER3039182781770.140.1513
STANTONS EVEREST3039208793710.170.049
HAMMER-CREEK FRED KRUNCH-ET303819527067-0.040.0310
BOMAZ ALTARUSWIL-ET30361918111710.40.0912
BENRISE BRAXTON3035215088760.070.0412
MARBRI BRANTLEY3035215088760.070.0412
DE-SU ROOKIE 11057-ET3035195298710.270.0710
DE-SU GRIFFEY 11014-ET303426268984-0.08-0.019
GEN-COM BLIZZARD3028243593860.040.0712
VELTHUIS SG EVEN MORE3028164992750.30.1811
BALLYCAIRN PLANET MAXIMIZE ET3026233697810.110.0510
DE-SU 11006 REDWOOD-ET30252310101780.140.027
GALLAIS FEELING3023221095970.120.227
GEN-I-BEQ LAVAMAN3023117581780.370.3510
MR OCD ROBUST DONATELLO-ET3022206996740.190.0712
HAMMER-CREEK OB KEYBOARD-ET302122838479-0.020.038
O-COSMOPOLITAN-ET3020182598750.320.1514
CO-OP UPD BOOKEM YALE-ET301920547483-0.010.168
CO-OP IOTA TUSCOBIA301923428682-0.020.0511
SULLY ROBUST MONOCEROTIS-ET301724578884-0.020.048
OCD MAN-O-MAN FINCH-ET3014158380670.190.1315
LADYS-MANOR RD GRAFEETI-ET3014134199560.470.1310
OCONNORS BAROMETER30121354102590.520.149
TEEMAR OBSERVER ALMONZO-ET3008194996750.230.1111
AMMON-PEACHEY SNOW SPADE-ET3005245099890.060.0910
WOODCREST OBSERVER YODA3005203788820.130.177
WILLSBRO GATEAU ET3003135679710.270.2411
SOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD-ET3002151070620.130.1211
WEIGELINE ALTAVISTA-ET30011739101710.380.177
DE-SU ALTAGILCREST-ET300027729184-0.11-0.069
SULLY HARTFORD MIRROR-ET299925708889-0.060.0711
DE-SU BKM QUEST 11004-ET2998132696770.480.328
RO-CO ALTAEIFFEL-ET299727749287-0.1-0.0212
MORNINGVIEW BOOKEM LUCID-ET299724637181-0.190.0111
OCD ROBUST SMOKIN JO-ET29971747102690.390.139
SULLY HART DENIM MAHUVA-ET2996182792770.250.177
MR BREMER BRI-CHRI SHARK-ET29961496111710.550.1912
ZIMMER ARCHIE29952659104860.04013
MOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET2994182198810.290.26
GIBBS M-M DENALLI-ET299320687781-0.010.1111
VISION-GEN SHF ACHILLES-ET29922340898100.0510
SHANAEL-I GOMAIL29902644104850.05-0.0111
APINA ALTAEMBASSY2989216391640.1-0.0510
DE-SU RENNIE 11023-ET29882026108700.320.048
DE-SU 1362 ICHABOD-ET2986225690790.060.0611
GENERVATIONS EPIC298521846071-0.2013
DE-SU BOOKEM XBOX 1061-ET298322177275-0.10.0215
HOLBRIC-ML LIMOCAR-ET2982147481690.250.1813
FRATI SERBO-ET298122288379-0.010.049
SIEMERS SHAMROCK ROZ-MAN-ET2981195878690.050.0413
S-S-I OBSERVER MAYS-ET2980184080700.110.110
COOKIECUTTER HABANERO-ET2980137387680.340.1913
VELTHUIS SNOWDAY2979218982720.010.0113
BENNER BRIGADE29791383108570.560.1311
ROSYLANE-LLC ALTANETBOOK2978169989810.260.244
VEKIS CHEVROLET-ET297724558781-0.060.017
GEN-I-BEQ AIKMAN29771980106780.310.1410
DE-SU TRIGGER UPTON 985-ET2975201992720.170.0711
ZANDENBURG MOTEGA29742699115850.15-0.0210
STANTONS EMPRESS2974145288720.320.2210
SEAGULL-BAY CONTENDER-ET2972224192940.090.29
DE-SU 1006-ET297223308185-0.050.0912
BOMAZ ALTAFANATIC297226829382-0.07-0.056
ROSYLANE-LLC ALTALEO-ET2971161783740.230.28
WEBB-VUE M-O-M MANNA-ET2971183675730.060.113
RMW DORCY AMBROSE-ET2969170673510.08-0.0316
MELARRY ROBUST MILES-ET29661781105700.370.1210
ELEFANTI MAN OMAN OBI ET29652376888700.0610
TEEMAR OBSERVER ALBERT-ET2963185784750.160.1410
DE-SU ALTAMANNY-ET296227357888-0.2309
WELCOME PEOTI-ET2962129988750.370.2910
J-DUBZ TME MANOMAN ELMO-ET296120967681-0.030.099
HURTGENLEA MATTOON CRI-ET29612073111810.350.127
COYNE-FARMS DORCY YIM-ET296122606761-0.17-0.1214
HARRY MR-ET2961147679600.240.1116
HOLBRA-I PREVAIL2960216797830.160.149
COYNE-FARMS IOTA JAMES-ET2960215584750.040.058
VISION-GEN SHF ANDERSON-ET2959187084650.130.0510
RUGG-DOC ARTFUL-ET29581812105720.360.1311
DE-SU DEMETRIUS 777-ET2957158879660.170.118
KOEPON ALTACONSUS295788282620.490.313
MAPEL WOOD BANDANA2954138179720.260.2311
BENNER BROCADE29532086108690.30.0210
KOEPON 77992952213495750.150.056
ALL.NURE BONUCCI-ET295125649382-0.02-0.0111
VELTHUIS R DALMENY2951162683690.220.1714
FARNEAR-TBR-BH MOVIERUSH-ET2950239196810.070.037
MAJESTIC2948253499960.050.18
HONEYCREST BOOKEM GLOSSY-ET2948216785810.060.1110
CASTELBOSCO G PLANET HARCOS2946213792740.120.0411
S-S-I COBRA MCLOVIN-ET29461249100630.530.228
DE-SU 989-ET294424927984-0.130.0313
VELTHUIS SG LIBERO294425808583-0.11-0.0112
MISTY SPRINGS APOLLO2942175291760.250.169
CHARTROISE SMURF294127988185-0.22-0.0413
S-S-I SNOWMAN MONTERO-ET2941226087840.020.0913
DE VOLMER MOM ELSA2938178979720.110.1113
DE-SU FREDDIE GUNNER-ET2937224889760.040.0310
LARCREST ALTASNOWCREST-ET29371879103680.330.0812
LORKA QUIDAM2937184986670.170.0610
GENERVATIONS LINGO2936158263750.040.213
S-S-I SOTO MUNCY-ET293620697474-0.030.069
DE-SU SMK DOLLARS 1309-ET2936188082590.12-0.0313
LESPEREE GLOBAL2933183977730.090.1314
COYNE-MCGARR OBSRVER BEN-ET2932162885600.230.0616
JOLIBOIS TAG OBSCUR2931138370640.190.1714
DE-SU ALTASTACKED-ET292921558073-0.010.029
CO-OP RAINIER-ET29291970120720.460.085
LADYS-MANOR RD SHIMONE-ET2929131589660.380.212
DE-SU ROBUST ERIC 11024-ET2929142580610.270.1510
O-BEE MAN-O-MAN BRIGADOON2926198290820.160.1311
MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MIXER-ET2926177173700.070.1313
GILLETTE MR JOHNSON292523287976-0.070.0113
GILLETTE JANUARY292523287976-0.070.0113
WOODCREST YASIR-ET2925209690720.120.0410
VELTHUIS SG ELECTRIC292428749891-0.07-0.0211
EVEN-PAR ZUMA2924215692830.110.127
MR OCD SNOWMAN DOWNTOWN-ET2923294410393-0.06-0.029
RON-NENE MAN DAGGER-ET2923169974660.110.0811
HOLBRA-I PERSUADE2922194396870.220.249
SILA WWS SUPERMAN ET292123705990-0.30.128
FAMOUS MAN2921177468820.010.2110
SIM024 FABULOUS2919187086760.170.158
BOMAZ SHAMROCK MANOR-ET2919152496650.380.1410
GLAUDALE BRUNO2918209284820.060.1111
MR OCD ROBUST DANTE-ET2917224893810.10.088
SANDY-VALLEY SALOON-ET291722857877-0.060.0314
AMMON-PEACHEY MITCH-ET291720216874-0.060.0912
HAMMER-CREEK M-O-M KIRBY-ET291693261640.240.3114
STANTONS EXTRACT291530139186-0.21-0.1111
LARCREST COURAGEOUS-ET2915207797730.20.068
OCONNORS BMW2915151285690.270.1611
DE-SU GRAZE 11125-ET2915213088630.1-0.0612
LARCREST CLUMBO-ET29151499103600.480.1114
GEPAQUETTE ALTARAY-ET2914226792710.09-0.0212
DE-SU 966-ET2914168769590.050.0410
DE-SU ALTASHAKE-ET291391288620.530.2910
B&Z SSI JARVIS OLYMPIC-ET2912206696770.20.096
S-S-I SHAMROCK DIMAGGIO-ET2912188986690.160.0812
PLAIN-KNOLL MAN-O-MAN WRAP2912110061610.190.2215
MILLER-FF IOTA EDWIN-ET2912154083590.240.0915
CURRAJUGLE GONZO2911227894780.110.035
CO-OP RB RBT YOVANI-ET2911157086760.270.244
HELMERS OBSERVER MERCER-TW2911203599710.240.0510
PELLERAT DVD2911109772620.30.2313
DOROW OMAN SAW GOSZINYA-TW29101644107830.430.265
REGANCREST-PJ TONIC-ET2910161385760.220.211
RONLAND MANOMAN JACKPOT-ET2910174173750.070.1411
CAPS MALOOT-ET2909155180720.220.212
DE-SU ALTAPLENTIFUL-ET29082499108840.150.029
FLY-HIGHER MONSOON-ET290825357780-0.17-0.0212
STANTONS SNWMN EA ELDO290824668075-0.12-0.0414
COOKIECUTTER MOM HUGHES-ET2908157174730.130.1712
MANOUK-ET2908126977690.270.2413
DE-SU AGENT-ET290724067878-0.1011
DPR CARAMINATOR2907164280700.20.1714
DE-SU GULF FRISCO-ET290625647979-0.18-0.049
ZIMMER APOLLO2904201781740.070.0811
REGANCREST-KF OBSV BRONO-ET2904179784740.170.1511
B-WIL SHAMROCK LICORICE2904144372650.180.1513
LOOKOUT P EMBRACING2904137869540.170.0814
COMESTAR LOPPORTUNIST2903249895820.040.0114
TRIFECTA OBSERV SOPRANO-ET2903137567610.150.1616
BACON-HILL MONTAWK-ET29022642103820.05-0.048
GENERVATIONS LATIMER2901175870720.030.149
MATCREST SHAMROCK GUY-ET2901209395660.16-0.0310
MR LOOKOUT P ENRIQUE-ET2901175899600.320.0213
LIBU INSEME ATTILA ET TV TL2899116275640.310.2213
FLY-HIGHER MANCAVE-ET289821537772-0.010.0212
PLAIN-KNOLL FRED T FRAZIER2897166578720.160.1810
MR PRIDE M-O-M TRAVINO-ET2896174867760.020.1512
DE-SU OBSERVER-ET2896220291740.090.0311
MYSTIQUE AVIATEUR2896144186730.290.2211
MELARRY BOOKEM MICROSOFT-TW2895150883660.270.1610
GENERVATIONS EQUINOX2893195686740.120.0810
AL-LEW OBS ALVEREZ 1105-ET2893203386700.090.0413
AMIGHETTI MAN.OMAN CASTORE ET289395881600.430.2613
CAGNI INSEME NIMITZ ET2892162083790.210.2410
COMESTAR LAUTOPO2892217386730.050.0211
LARCREST CAIRO-ET2892114596630.520.2313
DINOMI TAG SB SABLE C998-ET2891194898660.260.0212
WELCOME COBRA GRIZZLEY-ET28911493105650.490.167
AJDH ALTAAGENCY28911488565600.0815
SEAGULL-BAY MONEYTRAIN-ET2890213891820.110.116
DE-SU 1058-ET288918865474-0.150.1113
MISTY SPRINGS AMAK2889177387740.210.179
JONGSTEINS ALTAHAVANA2889134075700.240.2312
DE-SU FREDD JAGGER 974-ET2888152974620.160.1210
NOG BROSCO288723447491-0.120.148
DE-SU 770 STELLAR-ET2886173587720.210.125
M-GEE SARAID-IMP-ET2886162490700.280.1410
LANGS-TWIN-B ODESSY-ET2886194786670.140.0411
MR MAN O MAN 490-ET2885149583750.260.2311
DE-SU 959-ET2885156270680.130.1613
SOUTHLAND EXPLODE 71542885119071510.270.1215
STANTONS EROSION2884263399750.01-0.0814
ZIMMER BUD LIGHT2884164992690.290.1411
JK EDER-I CONTROL288219336070-0.110.0817
DIRT-ROAD FRED COMMANCHE-ET28821357103680.510.245
NED-EL MAN-O-MAN BOYOBOY-ET2882141974630.210.1411
WELCOME-TEL SNOWDROP-ET2881214896740.160.049
O-BEE KANSO-ET2880171278810.120.2210
TER BEEK ALTAGHOST2880127679710.290.2610
NEU-WAY ALDON28792526114840.220.018
STE ODILE BLANCHON2879223094750.110.0313
APINA FREDERICK2878195579600.06-0.0310
CANGEN JETSNOW2877223099810.160.0910
HAMMER-CREEK KOZAK-ET2875174983630.150.0413
NO-FLA EMULATE 30309-ET2873184381700.140.099
COMESTAR LAUTAMARCUS2872177469730.010.1110
LARCREST CAGEY-ET2872187692660.220.0612
S-S-I KRAMER MONEYMAKER-ET287284083550.50.2710
FUSTEAD NIAGRA SYRUP-ET2871231695950.090.194
SPRUCE-HAVEN SIOUX-ET28711721105770.410.218
LOUISELLE D EXTASE2871233593720.07-0.069
ROYLANE BOOKEM SARG 5137-ET2870186477710.080.099
AQUILA ALTASEDARA286919627269-0.010.0511
SOUTHLAND DELLODE2869146068620.130.1313
BARCHI ROCKY ET28681783100790.320.188
S-S-I OBSERVER MEMPHIS-ET2868135898720.480.286
CASTELBOSCO INSEME G IMPULS ET2867187192750.210.116
S-S-I ROBUST DAUGHTRY-ET28661738101700.360.135
BOMAZ FERRIS 1234-ET28661494110620.540.136
NEU-WAY AIRPORT-ET286526759685-0.04-0.0210
SPRINGWAY CELEBRATE-ET2865187273840.020.211
CO-OP BOOKEM YIELDER-ET286520667180-0.060.118
MR LOOKOUT PESCE BRAVADO-ET2865191477750.050.111
MS S-S-I PLANET SHO-ET2864212196780.180.089
JEANNIESTAR STARMAN286323737684-0.110.0516
GOLD-N-OAKS RR ARBELL-ET2863243496740.05-0.0413
NO-FLA ALTAEVERGLADE-ET2863137892740.40.283
DE-SU DORCY MOONBOY 954-ET286219164661-0.24-0.0214
FANTOMAS2861186077890.070.247
PILOT MR2861150875650.170.1412
DE-SU 1251 VANDY-ET285924859084-0.010.036
MR AUBREY OBSERVE ART-ET2859205076600-0.0615
SANDY-VALLEY LYDUS-ET2859107786560.440.1711
RI-VAL-RE TRIGGER NESTOR-ET285720916281-0.160.119
LANGS-TWIN-B OBSV CORBY-ET2856187186630.150.0112
STANTONS ELECTRIFIED285521507175-0.090.0611
DE-SU RANSOM-ET2855142780610.260.148
NO-FLA HURST-ET2854147165640.090.1611
DE-SU 949-ET285416195862-0.010.0911
SANDY-VALLEY MR MACKINAW-ET2853180584680.180.0911
FARNEAR-TBR-BH LANCE-ET2853167890650.270.099
S-S-I TONIC LEAGUE-ET2853132586590.380.159
VELTHUIS LONGSHOT285225949194-0.050.099
DE-SU 926 TICTOC-ET285222797574-0.1013
ROYLANE BOOKEM KRUZ 5454-ET2850166693820.320.277
MANDELYN COPPER2850132976630.250.1613
DEER-BROOK NOBEL-ET284825888591-0.110.067
FRANCO MAN2848186675770.050.169
DE-SU 964-ET284824797868-0.14-0.1211
NO-FLA PATRON-ET284818546766-0.010.0510
LADYS-MANOR OBS DIEGO-ET2848116486560.420.1714
AMIGHETTI M-O-MAN MAGNIFICO ET284876580510.50.2313
HOWARD-VIEW LAUTITUDE2847163692780.290.218
WELCOME GERALD-ET28471107107720.640.328
SANDY-VALLEY LOYALTY-ET28461400101580.490.1110
GENERVATIONS LOYAL2845157076750.170.2110
GEPAQUETTE REBUCK2845161499580.40.059
WILTOR SMOKIN JOE ET2844210088740.10.0610
ROSYLANE-LLC ALTABARNEY2843199886800.110.155
PINE-TREE ALTAOAK-ET2843210389770.110.098
SANDY-VALLEY MR MIAMI-ET2843182780730.140.1312
S-S-I AVERY OZARK-ET2843189173710.010.0713
FUREUR ISY28431786106700.370.18
MR MAN-O-MAN BABY FACE-ET284387188590.530.2612
MR LOOKOUT P BONA FIDE-ET284222507278-0.140.0214
T&L-HAVEN MNOMN TRAIN2842127862680.130.2312
TAYCAS BEACON VALOR-ET2841179487630.20.0513
DE-SU 1334 WAMPLER-ET2840198885850.10.198

* Males must be A.I. coded /sampled
** Part years only (Males 4 months / Females 9 months)
*** Information sourced from CDN files
**** All LPI values are reproted using the 2013 base

The total merit of top polled Holsteins has made significant progress in recent years. In 2009 the top ten polled animals were, on average, 700 – 800 LPI points behind their horned counter parts. However just four years later, in 2013, the difference was only 400 – 450 LPI points. Top polled animals increased by 175 to 200 LPI points year over year while top horned animals were increasing by 110 LPI points. In percentage terms top polled outdid top horned by 60% – 80%. It should be noted that these gains were made by breeders using genomic indexes and selecting very elite animals as the parents to produce polled progeny. Great results!

Top Polled or Horned –What’s the Difference?

The following table compares values for top polled and top horned animals for gLPI and its components (Production, Durability and Health & Fertility).

Table 2 Genetic Merit Comparison of Top Ten Genomically Test Holsteins Born in 2012 & 2013
NameLPIMilkFatProt%F%PConf
STANTONS ELABORATE235172559290.320.0521
GEN-I-BEQ AFTERBLOSS137554399-0.12-0.0920
VAL-BISSON DOORMAN3057136169620.190.1719
VELTHUIS SG ATHENS2527135553420.03-0.0319
LADYS-MANOR SAVIOR-ET211657055190.340.0119
LISMORE CLARK CABLE-ET181414836120.30.0819
REGANCREST-GV S BRADNICK-ET15621135728-0.32-0.0719
BROEKS PLANNER2740172165600.010.0318
FROSTY-ROCK CASCADE-ET255893263410.280.118
MARS YORICK2474101480370.410.0418
FARNEAR-BH BROCADE BROCK-ET236349960280.40.1218
GILLETTE JESSIC230875864330.350.0718
REGANCREST-GV ALTABEAUT-ET219715154034-0.16-0.1418
GIBBS-I CLAYNOOK DUDE218987052340.20.0518
LARCREST CHEMISTRY-ET210556160210.380.0318
SCIENTIFIC DARYL-ET205454242280.20.0918
MR ATWOOD BROKAW-ET186655638300.170.1118
MR ATWOOD BASEBALL-ET168914735200.290.1418
SICY LANCE DUPLEX14074814170.130.1518
BUTZ-BUTLER ATWOOD BRADY-ET13787542310-0.07-0.1518
SCIENTIFIC B DEFIANT-ET117910721821-0.21-0.1418
GENERVATIONS BRILLION1147756-1214-0.37-0.118
JK EDER-I CONTROL288219336070-0.110.0817
SULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET278922255369-0.27-0.0317
SUMMERLIZ MAN O MAN LAURICK2754171172670.060.0817
VELTHUIS SG EVASION2667119470540.250.1417
VELTHUIS SG EASTON2667119470540.250.1417
SULLY HARTFORD CLRK MINX-ET2541162765520.06-0.0117
VELTHUIS BUILDER252920666467-0.13-0.0117
BO-IRISH-RN LAUTH BRACHA-ET250718335844-0.09-0.1517
SERENITYHILL FIREWORKS246481365400.340.1217
CANYON-BREEZE AT AIRLIFT-ET2378161668400.07-0.1317
RICKLAND ALTACEO-ET2376120861440.160.0517
GEN-I-BEQ SAMMY228980969330.380.0617
ROLINDA-GKM ADD-ET215292435290-0.0217
PJP FIRST213914674043-0.14-0.0417
HOOD CARWASH-ET209311523849-0.020.1217
CANYON-BREEZE AT ACTION-ET2066103559260.21-0.0817
SONNEK DOMAIN CHUCKIE-ET201412633243-0.150.0217
MR FARNEAR BROCADES BUZZ-ET1873106643290.03-0.0517
MR ANDIS ALTAEXTREME183870332190.06-0.0517
FARNEAR BRISK-ET18059632629-0.09-0.0217
RUGG-DOC CARMICHAEL-ET172437226220.130.1117
BUTZ-BUTLER BENJI-ET170569527190-0.0417
REGANCREST S BRIGHTZONE-ET14897431327-0.120.0417
MR BRASILIAS BIGTIME-ET148793547190.11-0.1117
MR ATWOOD BRADLEY-ET147556328190.070.0117
GEN-I-BEQ BUCKET14658542420-0.08-0.0717
WINTERLANCE SPEAR-ET143943723140.06017
MOX ATLAS-ET14053951121-0.030.0817
MORSAN MR BIG14031353530.3-0.0117
TWIN-CRIK SIEMER ANGULAR-ET137733029160.170.0617
MR AFTERSHOCK DECLAN137426822100.110.0217
RI-VAL-RE ATWOOD MADISON-ET1306-2631650.240.1317
MR LOOKOUT P EMBARGO-ET34671827101710.320.1116
VELTHUIS LET IT SNOW325825468996-0.050.1316
DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET3184186981720.130.1116
LYNNCREST DORCY ZUMBA-ET3049197292610.18-0.0316
RMW DORCY AMBROSE-ET2969170673510.08-0.0316
HARRY MR-ET2961147679600.240.1116
COYNE-MCGARR OBSRVER BEN-ET2932162885600.230.0616
TRIFECTA OBSERV SOPRANO-ET2903137567610.150.1616
JEANNIESTAR STARMAN286323737684-0.110.0516
MARKWELL SNOWMAN CAESAR-ET2820158977600.180.0916
LEADERWIN MARK-ET2746166285520.22-0.0116
OAKFIELD EXPLODE A-TEAM-ET271919924762-0.27-0.0316
DONNANDALE LUMI2718146771550.170.0616
MR CHASSITY OBS CICERO-ET2717213683580.05-0.116
BUTZ-BUTLER WILDWILLIE-ET2618117768480.240.0916
VELTHUIS SGC LAUBET2579163167530.06016
HENDEL MANDATORY-ET2525168964500.02-0.0516
KOEPON ALTACLOONEY2501157671530.120.0116
MORSAN MR METAL245699849450.110.0916
STANTONS SERENE2431139771480.20.0216
ROYAL-VISTA ELGIN-ET2427111657430.150.0716
RMW ABILITY-ET2403129862480.140.0516
BOULET EXPLODE JAVA238413904543-0.06-0.0116
LARCREST CHARACTER-ET235835694280.80.1516
FARNEAR BROCADES BADBOY-ET235013834649-0.050.0416
MORNINGVIEW DILLINGER-ET2328154665450.08-0.0416
GIESSEN NEW YORK230119315060-0.19-0.0316
FARNEAR BROCADE O-BAMA-ET22891301505600.1116
GEN-I-BEQ ELEGANT2272155957430-0.0816
OCD OBSERVER BARNEY-ET224418194953-0.18-0.0516
PINE-SHELTER CLAY WOOD-ET2222104559410.180.0716
COOMBOONA DESTRY BREEZA-IMP-ET221061537350.150.1416
VISION-GEN SHF MAXIMUS-ET221010652931-0.07-0.0316
CREEK DORIAN-ET219486449420.170.1416
D-K-SILK SYMBOL-ET215690166360.340.0716
MR CHASSITY GOLD CHIP-ET2122106855300.16-0.0516
CLEROLI DMP GALAXIE2096106657320.16-0.0216
LEADERWIN SANCHEZ MODERN-ET207010663236-0.050.0216
MISTY SPRINGS SMOKIN2050123178430.310.0216
MORNINGVIEW MARTELL CRI-ET204513052638-0.22-0.0416
GILLETTE CULMINANT2008115453450.110.0716
MR WABASH-WAY DOM EDISON-ET197218414540-0.24-0.1916
LOOKOUT P BETA184854030280.090.116
JENNY-LOU GOLDWYN TJ1846119346350.01-0.0416
DUCKETT-BH SENNET-ET184293043290.07-0.0216
CABON FIFA182131433210.210.116
POLY-KOW SHOTT ALTITUDE-ET175388842280.09016
SIEMERS ATWOOD TANKY-ET174076441240.12-0.0216
UFM-DUBS CLUSTER-ET17361304290.380.0616
HOUSAM6662595517309411531-0.17016
LANGS-TWIN-B A ARMSTRONG-ET171144939190.210.0416
SIEMERS ATWOOD THE-ONE-ET169652341180.22016
GO-FARM AKINATOR ET160942224300.110.1716
MORSAN MYSTIC1588-37933150.480.2716
HEAVENLY GOLDEN DREAMS ET1577-803270.340.0916
SIEMERS ATWOOD TALLADAGA-ET1575703090.260.0616
HAMMER-CREEK SAN KARLTON15321246928-0.36-0.1216
BHM-COOKIE COY-ET153013911140.050.116
VAN TASSELL EMBRYO 51509-38829110.450.2416
MORSAN MR WILSON14975043560.16-0.116
MORSAN MR SHOCKING14975043560.16-0.116
SIEMERS SANCHEZ BESTOUS-ET148319533146-0.39-0.1716
SIEMERS AWOOD THOUGHTFUL-ET145319422130.140.0716
SIEMERS BEE SHOCKED-ET143848432150.12-0.0116
UFM-DUBS DISH-ET1437-2452210.320.0916
BRUNNER MR TOP142718413120.060.0516
MR CROCKETT-ACRES BROCK-ET142610642327-0.15-0.0716
VIEUXSAULE TOPPI141159234190.12-0.0116
UFM-DUBS SIEMERS SHEZAM-ET1403882719-0.23-0.0916
REGANCREST S BRYSTON-ET13847211929-0.060.0616
VAL-BISSON MOROCCO13695891716-0.05-0.0416
MR BRASILIA DOMAIN BART-ET129010031320-0.24-0.1216
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* gLPI = 51% Production + 34% Durability + 15% Health & Fertility
** %RK calculated using the 2013 Canadian Holstein Bulls and Cow Percentile Rank Tables
*** LPI values are reported using the 2013 base

On percentile rank top polled Holsteins compare very well with top horned Holsteins. Note that for Health and Fertility the top polled animals are slightly ahead of horned males and females. The area where top polled Holsteins have some catching up yet to do is in production, primarily in the volumes of fat and protein produced.

What Route will you take on the Polled Road?

Two routes have been taken by North American Holstein breeders to get the top ten polled males and females born in 2012 and 2013. Those routes yield heterozygous polled progeny and they are: i) breed a polled female, of relatively high total merit, to a very high genomically tested horn male; or ii) use the highest genomically tested polled bull available on a very high genomically tested horned female. As it turns out exactly half of the males and half of the females came from each route.  For these top twenty polled animals the sires used on the polled females were Supersire, Uno, AltaOak and McCutchen and in all cases the polled sire was Da-So-Burn MOM Earnhardt-P (Man-O-Man x Shamrock x Shottle). Either route was equally effective.

Matters to Consider

Breeders, who are ready to incorporate the dominant polled gene into their Holsteins, should consider the following:

  • Inbreeding – no matter horned or polled if a mating will result in an Inbreeding Percentage over 7-8% then serious thought needs to be given to selecting an alternate sire. On the polled side breeders often mention avoiding LawnBoy but just as serious is the fact that Shottle, Oman, Planet, Goldwyn, Bolton, … dominate Holstein pedigrees.
  • Only when homozygous (PP) polled sires are used will all progeny be polled. At the current time, the very best PP sires are only 2000 gTPI or 2500 gLPI, so they are still quite a distance behind the breed leaders. Expect the merit of PP sires, relative to P or horned sires, to change in the next 4-5 years.
  • Buyers are paying a premium for polled males or females or embryos from polled parents.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The incorporation of the dominant polled gene into the Holstein breed has moved from the fringe or a fad to being a topic every breeder must be aware of. All breeders need to seriously search out and start using polled bulls that are 2300+ gTPI or 3000+ gLPI. (Watch for a future article on The Bullvine that will address which polled sires to use) It is not about changing for the sake of change. It is about being mainstream. Polled is here to stay.

 

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Until recently, if you were talking about polled dairy genetics you were talking about a minor portion of the breeding population.  However, modern dairy genetics has seen dramatic changes in that situation. The rising popularity of polled has been propelled in part by activists, consumers and breeders all of whom are seeking better ways to provide healthy products to the marketplace in an efficient, profitable and sustainable manner.  Polled is a proactive opportunity to solve issues and meet needs in one genetic swoop.

Polled Pioneers Past and Present

Polled pioneer breeders have been few and far between. Thirty-nine years ago Burkett Falls Farm (Father Dave & Son John Burket, East Freedom, Pennsylvania, USA)  had an Elevation daughter born, Sophie EX93, from which the majority of today’s polled Holsteins trace.  The desire of breeders to have polled Holsteins until now has remained just that, a desire. Some polled bulls have entered AI but except for Aggravation Lawn Boy P-Red (born in 2002) few have gained much attention. Perhaps two reasons for that are that polled may have been associated with breeder proven bulls, known for unreliable single herd proofs, and a frequent association between polled and Red & White, which in North America represents only about 5% of the Holstein population.

Aggravation Lawn Boy P-Red (EX-93-GM)

Aggravation Lawn Boy P-Red (EX-93-GM)

Changing Polled Perceptions

On the one hand, the dominance of the polled trait in beef cattle has given rise to the false impression that polled Holsteins are descendant of a beef background.  Today’s DNA testing capabilities answer that concern. However, despite this, the attitude of leading edge breeders is changing. No longer is the approach, stated in 1964 by the then Holstein Canada CEO George M Clemons, ‘we have other more important traits to improve’, in line with current breeders’ thinking.  Today, having doubled the 1964 production levels, breeders want to avoid unpleasant work, unnecessary costs and raise a positive animal welfare reputation.

Polling for Dollars

Just last month at the Ri-Val-Re Sale, in Michigan,  Bomaz Numero Uno 5904 PC (Numero Uno x Lawn Boy P-Red x Laudan x Garter),  the #3 TPI™ polled heifer in the breed at 2365, sold for $(US) 215,0000. (Read more: Ri-Val-Re Select Sale Averages an Outstanding $25,910) Polled has come of age. Not only is Uno 5904 high indexing for fat, protein, mammary systems, productive life, daughter fertility, milking speed and milking temperament but she is also an outcross.  In the same sale Ri-Val-Re The Best P-Red, the #1 TPI™ & NM$ female in the breed (Special Effect P-Red x Macguiness x Advent-Red x Ranger x Factor) sold for $(US) 38,000.  Again an outcross to Oman, Goldwyn, Shottle, Bolton and Planet. Their buyers obviously have plans.  Polled also made the headlines last fall when five doses of semen sold for $50,000 (Read more: $10,000 a dose Polled Semen). It was five doses of semen and the right to exclusivity of use for a few months of the homozygous polled bull Kulp-Dale Golden PP-Red (Colt-P x Goldwyn x Redman x Perk-Red x Rubens).

Ri-Val-Re The Best P-Red, the #1 TPI™ & NM$ female in the breed (Special Effect P-Red x Macguiness x Advent-Red x Ranger x Factor) sold for $(US) 38,000 at the Ri-Val-Re Select Sale.

Ri-Val-Re The Best P-Red, the #1 TPI™ & NM$ female in the breed (Special Effect P-Red x Macguiness x Advent-Red x Ranger x Factor) sold for $(US) 38,000 at the Ri-Val-Re Select Sale.

Going Down the Polled Road

There are two ways to use polled in a herd’s breeding program when it comes to sire selection.  One way is to go all out and only use PP bulls. All heifers born will be polled. The limiting factor will be that the heifers will not be as high for gTPI™, gLPI or NM$ as using P bulls (heterozygous for polled)

The alternative method would be to use P bulls. In the first generation half the heifers will be polled and in the second generation 25% will be homozygous polled, 50% will be polled but heterozygous and 25% will be horned. Definitely a slower route but the heifers will be higher indexing than using PP bulls.

More Bulls Are Polled Apart

The rise in polled popularity goes beyond two top selling heifers and five doses of semen. A search of the CDN files of Black & White polled bulls waiting to be old enough to be sampled, shows six bulls born in later 2012 and seven born and registered already in 2013 over +2750 LPI. Two are over +3000 LPI. Note that, on the CDN files, bulls cannot get a gLPI or have a DGV LPI listed until they are one year of age, These thirteen young bulls are the result of breeders breeding their top indexing females to polled bulls. As more and more top gTPI™ and gLPI cows and heifers are flushed to top polled bulls, 2500 gTPI™ young bulls and heifers will only be a short time down the road.

How to Pick Up Speed On the Polled Road

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Roy MacGregor of DairyBullsOnline

It is always wise to ask questions and follow advice of the experts in new procedures.   shares his insights on where to start when establishing polled genetics in your herd (Read more: They`re Sold On Polled!!). “The first procedure is to check for horn bud. If no bud do not dehorn. If after 3-4 weeks no horn bud develops your animal is likely polled. Another really good indicator is double eyelashes. A smooth head and double eyelashes should mean polled right away. Some calves and especially males can develop small immature buds or scurrs much later at 4-6 months or even older. In this case testing your calf with the German test or the UC Davis test is the best idea to avoid confusion.” He offers this encouragement “

There is a small learning curve but after a breeder gets a couple polled calves he will understand that smooth (like glass smooth) means polled, and it will get easier from there. “

Polled Procedures or “When in doubt, test!”

The test currently used through Holstein is the Igenity test, which we are told is accurate to 95% which is really quite good however we are all aware of the bulls Shine, and Balti being the exception. The most accurate test today is the German or UC Davis test closer to 99.9% or greater. However nothing can be said to be 100% because in genetics natural mutations can, and do occur. It should be noted no polled test can save poor management of mixed up hair samples.  Of course, to err is human but when in doubt, test. For Homozygous calves obviously the only way to know is either wait until several offspring are born polled from one horned parent, or test.  However in today’s day and age nobody wants to wait so we simply have to trust the best test at our disposal.

Is Polled Suffering from a Bad Code

Firstly the POC code currently in place naturally tends to lead some to believe there are “polled carriers” which only confuses the matter even more. There is no such thing as a “Polled carrier” animals are either polled or horned. Roy MacGregor, offers this opinion. “I think giving a dominate trait a recessive code is the wrong approach. It would be simpler to add P or PP right in the name. Nobody has to go looking for codes. It’s all right there right in the name, and with proper protocol at registration (simple pedigree research) and proper testing (when needed) this could easily be automatic.”

The Polled Learning Curve

For those who have been following some of the questions and concerns, MacGregor provides his viewpoint. “I think A.I’s all over the world have now panicked and realized all polled bulls need to tested at UC Davis, so the initial shock is probably over. However the problem now is what to do with all the females coded as POC on the 95% accurate Igenity test? This whole POC coding adventure has been especially frustrating for those who have been dealing with polled for years. Imagine being told you have to test something for POC that is obviously polled? Would you ask a breeder with a Red calf to test it for *RC? Polled is still fairly new so hopefully over time common sense will prevail, people just need to relax, slow down, and follow step one (check for the horn bud).”

The Bullvine Bottom Line

So, how do you see polled in your breeding program? Is it an opportunity? Is it an annoyance? Is it a necessity? The genetics are rapidly being established that mean there is no sacrifice in genetic merit if you breed for polled dairy cattle.  The first choice of public opinion is moving quickly in favor of polled. From the sidelines, to headlines to main line it’s time to ask yourself, “When it comes to polled, what line will I commit to?”

 

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Why Is Everyone So Horny For Polled?

Thursday, June 13th, 2013

There is no question that the dairy breeding industry is a very passionate group of people.  So when breeders jump on the latest bandwagon, many of the old veterans say “it’s just a fad” and laugh at all the “rookies” who waste their time and money on this “meaningless” cause.  The funny thing is, if you’re talking about polled, the fad actually does have value.  There is both genetic and financial merit to breeding polled.  It is these two key factors that have many progressive breeders horny for polled.

Breeders have known about the polled advantage for years and yet they have not endorsed using polled genetics in any significant way. (Read more: Polled Genetics: Way of the future or passing fad? and They’re Sold on Polled!!)  While not having to dehorn your calves has economic advantages, many breeders see that job as  part of their regular routine and so don’t make getting rid of horns a high priority.  They think this way, despite the fact that  one mating to a polled sire results in a minimum 50% hornless calves and could be 100%, if the bull is homozygous polled.  These are much quicker results than breeding to get a red calf, for instance.

Are you looking ahead or behind?

Even though consumers have not yet cried out for change, that does not mean they won’t in the future.  Much like tail docking, once consumers do gain awareness, they are sure to cry foul.  When developing your breeding program, it’s not only about supplying the genetics that the market needs today, but also looking to the future.  In order to get ahead you need to think about where the market is heading not what has happened in the past (Read more: Marketing Lessons from Glen Drummond Aero Flower).  Concerns about animal welfare as well as employee welfare are sure to become more prevalent in the future.

Is the market demanding polled?

You don’t have to read very widely to answer this question.  From polled semen selling for $10,000 a dose (Read more: $10,000 a dose Polled Semen) to the fact that polled heifers sell for more than double the price of non-polled equivalents (Read more: An Insider’s Guide to What Sells at the Big Dairy Cattle Auctions)  the market is demanding polled.  This weekend one of the most progressive breeders in the world, Ri-Val-Re is hosting a sale.  Many of the top consignments are polled animals and are sure to sell for significant dollars (Read more: BREEDING RI-VAL-RE: Where Looking Good in the Stall Is Just As Important As Looking Good On Paper, or click here for sale details).

Ms Koenen Ladd P5715-Red PP Gtpi 1936 Homozygous Polled PP Red Roxy! Sells at RI-VAL-RE SELECT SALE, SATURDAY, JUNE 15TH

Ms Koenen Ladd P5715-Red PP Gtpi 1936
Homozygous Polled PP Red Roxy!
Sells at RI-VAL-RE SELECT SALE, SATURDAY, JUNE 15TH

Are they genetically equal?

Regardless many “old school” breeders have stayed away from breeding polled.  Why is that?  Well it is probably because, in order to use polled bulls in the past, you had to sacrifice the genetic merit in other traits.  That is no longer the case.  When you take a closer look at the numbers you realize that the current top 10 proven sires available avg. 2235 GTPI, $654 NM and 2.37 PTAT and the current top 10 Genomic Polled sires available avg. 2198 GTPI $605 NM and 2.58 PTAT.  That is only a 2% difference in genetic merit.  Even when you compare the top genomic polled sires to non-polled sires, you only see a 13% difference (The current top 10 Genomic sires available avg. 2499 GTPI, $881 NM 2.84 PTAT).  Now 13% may sound like a significant difference.  But in reality it’s not because our research has shown that bulls within the top 20% of the best sire on the genomic lists all have about an equal chance of topping the list.  So the top polled sires are well within this range.

What about inbreeding?

Even though within the current polled bloodlines there are two completely separate crosses that may lead some to believe that they are inbred.  The fact is that these bloodlines are pretty much complete outcrosses to Planet, Goldwyn, Shottle and Oman (Read more: 12 Sires to uses in order to reduce inbreeding and Going off the map: 14 outcross Holstein sires that don’t include GPS).  Effectively, that means that they are outcrosses to all the bloodlines that most breeders have been using.  As a result polled sires become doubly desired.  They provide not only the polled advantage but are close to being the top outcross genetics that are available in the market today.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Those waiting for further proof that breeding polled has merit are the “old school” breeders that are also likely worried about eating green bananas.  The problem is, if you wait too long, those bananas are going to turn black.  Polled is proven.  Don`t wait until it`s too late!

 

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Categories : Polled Dairy Cattle

For years, there has been talk about polled genetics and their advantages, but, for the most part, they remain a niche market. This has me asking if polled genetics are like unicorns. Are they living in a fantasy world?

Breeders have known about the advantages for years and yet they have not endorsed using polled genetics in any significant way. While not having to dehorn your calves has economic advantages, many breeders see that job as just part of their routine and so don’t make getting rid of it a high priority. This, despite the fact that , one mating to a polled sire results in a minimum 50% hornless calves and could be 100%, if the bull is homozygous polled. These are much quicker results than breeding to get a red calf, for instance.

Why haven’t breeders adopted polled genetics?

Like any marketplace, producers must meet the demands of the consumer. When consumers wanted hormone free milk, or organic milk, producers followed. Until it becomes a pressing issue to consumers producers will not be forced to change. At this point, despite the fact that organizations such as PETA try their best to make this an issue, it has not gained significant market awareness.

Should breeders care?

Even though consumers have not yet cried out for change, that does not mean they won’t in the future. Much like tail docking, once consumers do gain awareness, they are sure to cry foul. When developing your breeding program, it’s not only about supplying the genetics that the market needs today, but also looking to the future. Similar to breeding for higher feed conversion (to read more check out Holstein vs. Jersey: Which Breed Is More Profitable?), you need to think about where the market is heading. Concerns about animal welfare as well as employee welfare are sure to become more prevalent in the future.

Are there any polled genetics worth using?

For many years, breeding for Red and White Holstein cattle or Polled genetics meant that you had to take a “discount” on the genetics. That was because there just wasn’t the same level of genetics available, when compared to the non-polled options. However, with recent increases in popularity, as well as the ability to get a polled son from a top genomic cow, there are now some great polled genetics available to most breeders. Even the major A.I. companies have started to see the demand and are sourcing polled bulls.

How can you tell if your calf is a polled carrier?

There are no such things as Unicorns or Polled Carriers! Polled is a dominant trait. Simply put, an animal only needs one polled gene for it to be expressed. Animals with horns do not have the polled gene. When the dominant gene is present you will see the trait expressed.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

While polled genetics seem like a niche market, and you`re not sure if it is for your breeding program, you always need to keep an eye on the future. That means not only looking for what potential buyers of your genetics want, but also what future consumers will dictate. . With the growing supply of top genomic polled bulls, as well as the relative ease to achieve a polled calf, it’s becoming harder and harder for breeders to ignore polled Holsteins in their breeding programs.

To read more check out They’re Sold On Polled.

They`re Sold On Polled!!

Monday, April 2nd, 2012

The next time dehorning rises to the top of your to do list, you might want to think about information provided by Bryan Quanbury and Roy MacGregor of Dairy Bulls Online. They are promoting polled genetics as the solution that saves labour, reduces stress and improves consumer image. What more could you ask when faced with one of the most disliked jobs on the farm?

NO Horns PLEASE! It solves problems on both sides of the fence

Consumers both on and off the farm are concerned with animal welfare issues. Good farmers always seek the best for their livestock. In Europe many details of animal treatment have become legislated. Dairybullsonline states it in easily understood terms. “Any job on your farm that you cannot do in front of a bus load of school children is a job that will not be tolerated in the very near future.” Therefore “Dehorning at conception is the cleanest, easiest, safest, and most humane way to remove horns, and because the polled gene is also a dominant trait it can be bred into existing lines quickly. With polled you see the value 50% of the time on Heterozygous bulls and 100% polled calves with bulls carrying both genes (Homozygous).”

Find Your Niche in this Un-Common Market

For Holstein breeders the market for polled cattle is relatively new, yet the challenge of the small population is a potential opportunity. “The biggest challenge without question has been the small population, however, there are breeders who would argue the rarity or scarcity of polled genetics has been its biggest marketing advantage and provides them with a niche in a crowded marketplace.” There have been many changes in the past five years with the shifting focus toward genomics. Bryan recognizes that “Bulls with genomic potential are selling briskly in the genomics market.” Having said that he notes “The best young genomic bulls are selling out!”

The Market is Hot on Polled

The market is looking closely at polled genetics for several reasons. One, as stated previously, is that animal welfare concerns are growing and the presence and power of social media is demanding transparency in regards to the animal welfare practises on our farms. Polled genetics is a proactive response to this concern. Secondly the potential is huge. Bryan points out, “Less than 1 % of the Holstein population is polled. When you factor in the prices polled females have been bringing lately and take a look at those who have been buying them you can see the market is heating up.” Everyone takes notice when there is market demand and good sale prices coming together. “Ask anyone with a polled female at or near 2000 GTPI what kind of interest they are getting, and they will all tell you everyone is trying to buy them, and the A.I and embryo interest is extreme.” These are all good indicators that the time is right for polled genetics. Roy and Bryan add two more: “Breeders are mating some of the world’s top cows to polled bulls. There is a six month waiting list for the best young genomic heterozygous polled bulls.”

Broad Market Appeal

It is just good business to know where your market is before you jump onto the latest bandwagon. Dairybullsonline see a reassuringly wide response. “All markets have expressed interest from breeders to large scale commercial operations to organic producers and European markets. There are some who are looking for an outcross alternative or for genetics with that little extra edge for embryo and A.I. interests.” Having said that the partners sum up with, “It may actually be easier to ask what markets are not pursuing polled genetics!”

Answer the Tough Questions

At this point, you might be asking yourself, “Why would I use a polled sire that is much lower genomically than non-polled sire?” The DairyBullsOnline team answers, “They are not much lower. In fact they are within one generation. The Genomic predictions on polled bulls are comparable to proven bulls. In December there are 50 Proven bulls over 2000 TPI and there were 9 Polled bulls above 2000 GTPI.” If you need more convincing, they say to consider this, “Genomics has shown polled is within one generation (9 months) of being on an equal playing field with all the top animals. Anyone that breeds their top animals say 2400 GTPI to one of those top genomic Polled bulls can instantly create polled offspring that PA’s around 2200, and the law of averages says half of these will be higher genomically than their PA. Any polled bull this high is extremely marketable. The next generation can be bred back to the very top of the gene pool creating even more marketable polled genetics.”

VENTURE GOLDWYN SOUP P

VENTURE GOLDWYN SOUP P, Dam of #1 & #6 TPI Polled Females

The Time is Right to De-Horn In

If you’re still sitting on the horns of this dilemma, you will be interested in the success stories that Bryan and Roy give as examples. “In 2011 16 polled females from the top of the polled list sold at public auction. They averaged over $35,000 and two polled picks averaged $40,000 At $82,000 the top seller at the 2011 World Classic was a polled female.” If that whets your appetite, here are some more great stats: “The two largest offerings of top Polled animals at auction were at Arron Doon Dispersal 2008. The herd average was $4800. The average of the 12 Polled females was $13000. The Pine-Tree 2011 Sale averaged $11,000 with 14 Polled animals averaging over $15,000.” Everyone in the market place is looking to stand out. Quanbury says, “Anyone with a female at or near 2000 GTPI today knows it’s hard to draw attention, but if you have a polled female that high both A.I and embryo contracts will be coming at you from all directions.” If that makes you want to sharpen your investment pencil, there are obviously many considerations ahead of you.

LOOKOUT PESCE MAGNA P SARAH

LOOKOUT PESCE MAGNA P SARAH, #2 GTPI Red Polled heifer in North America and Top Seller at World Classic 2011 Holstein Sale

Polled Genetics is as easy as 1,2,3,4

MacGregor and Quanbury list four guidelines for taking advantage of this market.

  1. Pay attention to who is buying those top polled females. Watch what they are doing.
  2. Use a polled bull on only 10% of your flushes, to create that polled female or male everybody wants.
  3. As top polled females are currently very expensive you may need to partner up and spread your risk.
  4. Start.

BULLVINE BOTTOM LINE

We know the breed will not be polled in 10 years, but we believe in 10 years bulls that transmit the recessive horn trait will be very hard to market. Today there are about a dozen polled bulls over 2000 GTPI. Next year that will double. We expect that trend to continue for some time.” Bryan Quanbury and Roy MacGregor.

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