News – Page 3

Progress of the Dairy Farm Report

Selected Financial and Production Factors

The objective of the Dairy Farm Business Summary & Analysis Program (DFBS) is to help farm managers improve the financial management of their dairy farm through appropriate use of historical farm data and the application of modern farm business analysis techniques. This information can also be used to track changes within the business, establish goals that will enable the business to better meet its objectives, compare the performance of the farm to other dairy producers, and establish a basis for financial projection and planned changes within the business. This is the final Progress of the Dairy Farm Report for the 2022 business year and represents the 67th year a summary of New York dairy financial and business performance has been published by Cornell.

Over 150 farms across New York participated in the DFBS for 2022.  This report summarizes data for 133 conventional dairy farms that completed the summary for 2022 in which dairy is their main enterprise, with 85% or more of the farm revenue generated from milk sales, dairy cattle, and dairy calf sales.  The Progress of the Dairy Farm Report provides averages of selected financial and production measures for 129 New York State Dairy Farms (pages 2‐4) that participated in the program for both 2021 and 2022 that had submitted records by June 28th, 2023.  The business chart on page 5 reports the data summarizing all 133 farms for 2022.  The report is also broken down into four herd size categories to provide additional comparison reports by herd size.

1. Farms with Less Than 500 Cows Pages 6‐9

2. Farms with 500 Cows to 999 Cows Pages 10‐13

3. Farms with 1,000 Cows to 1,499 Cows

4. Farms with 1,500 and Greater Pages 14‐17 Pages 18‐21

To utilize these reports, begin by comparing how your farm changed from 2021 to 2022 to the change in the average of all farms report. Then, determine which herd size group most closely represents your farm and compare your financial and production parameters and change to the averages of that group. This benchmarking tool can be helpful for farm owners and managers to find areas of opportunity and strengths within their businesses. If you are a DFBS participant, you can work with your extension educator to look at these comparisons for all farms and your farm business.  For definitions of the different terms in the following tables, please refer to E.B. 2023‐07, “Glossary of Terms Associated with the DFBS”. This publication and other information for farms interested in participating can be found at:‐dairy/our‐expertise/business/dfbs

These benchmarks and comparisons are provided for comparison purposes only and represent the performance of those farms participating in the Dairy Farm Business Summary and Analysis Program in New York State. These numbers do not represent the average for all dairy farms across New York and are from farms that are generally considered above average dairy farms in New York. No analysis or interpretation of these benchmarks and ratios is provided.

The authors would like to thank the farms that continue to volunteer to participate in this project, the extension educators that work with farms utilizing the DFBS as part of their educational programs, and the financial consultants that work with farms participating in the DFBS.

Read The Full Report

Investing in Feed Efficiency Can Reduce Cattle Emissions

As the world grapples with the urgent need to address climate change, the agricultural sector faces increasing scrutiny for its contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. Livestock, particularly cattle, are a significant source of methane emissions, a potent greenhouse gas that has a much greater warming potential than carbon dioxide over a shorter time frame. However, there is a promising solution that not only reduces emissions but also improves the sustainability and profitability of the cattle industry: investing in feed efficiency.

The Emissions Challenge

Cattle are responsible for a substantial share of global greenhouse gas emissions, primarily due to enteric fermentation, the digestive process that produces methane in their stomachs. This methane is then released into the atmosphere when cattle burp. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), enteric fermentation accounts for nearly 40% of global methane emissions. To combat climate change effectively, it is crucial to find ways to reduce these emissions while still meeting the growing global demand for meat and dairy products.

Feed Efficiency as a Solution

Feed efficiency refers to the ability of cattle to convert the feed they consume into body weight. Cattle that are more feed-efficient require fewer resources to produce the same amount of meat or milk, which has several benefits:

  1. Reduced Methane Emissions: Feed-efficient cattle produce less methane per unit of meat or milk. This reduction in methane emissions directly contributes to mitigating climate change.
  2. Lower Feed Requirements: By improving feed efficiency, cattle can produce the same amount of meat or milk while consuming less feed. This not only reduces the environmental impact but also lowers production costs for farmers.
  3. Increased Profitability: Farmers can realize significant financial benefits by investing in feed efficiency. Reduced feed costs and improved production efficiency lead to higher profit margins.
  4. Sustainable Agriculture: Embracing feed efficiency aligns with the principles of sustainable agriculture, ensuring that the cattle industry remains viable in the face of environmental challenges.

Investment Opportunities

Investing in feed efficiency involves several strategies and technologies:

  1. Genetic Selection: Breeding programs can be used to select for cattle with superior feed efficiency traits. Over time, this can lead to herds that are more environmentally friendly and economically efficient.
  2. Nutritional Management: Optimizing the diet of cattle to improve their digestive efficiency can significantly reduce methane emissions.
  3. Monitoring and Data Analytics: Implementing technology to track cattle performance and feed efficiency can help farmers make data-driven decisions to enhance their operations.
  4. Methane Reduction Technologies: Researchers are developing innovative solutions, such as feed additives and dietary supplements, that can reduce methane emissions from cattle.


Investing in feed efficiency is a win-win solution for the cattle industry and the environment. By reducing methane emissions from cattle, it contributes to global efforts to combat climate change while simultaneously improving the profitability and sustainability of the livestock sector. Governments, agricultural organizations, and farmers should collaborate to promote and adopt feed efficiency strategies, ensuring a more sustainable and environmentally responsible future for cattle production. This investment is not just in the cattle industry; it’s an investment in the health of our planet.

When milk prices are down, where can you make sacrifices?

The dairy industry is no stranger to price fluctuations, and when milk prices take a nosedive, dairy farmers and producers are faced with tough decisions. In such challenging times, it becomes crucial to identify areas where sacrifices can be made to weather the storm without compromising the overall quality and sustainability of the operation. This article explores some strategies and considerations for navigating low milk prices in the dairy industry.

  1. Cost Management

    One of the first areas to scrutinize when milk prices are down is your cost structure. Analyze your expenses meticulously and identify areas where cost-saving measures can be implemented without affecting the health and well-being of your herd or the quality of your dairy products. Some potential cost-saving strategies include:

    • Feed Efficiency: Review your feed program and explore ways to improve feed efficiency. This might involve adjusting the composition of the feed, sourcing more cost-effective ingredients, or optimizing feeding practices.
    • Labor Costs: Evaluate your labor costs and consider options such as cross-training employees to handle multiple tasks or adjusting work schedules to maximize efficiency.
    • Energy and Utilities: Look for ways to reduce energy consumption on the farm, whether through better insulation, energy-efficient equipment, or alternative energy sources like solar power.
  2. Herd Management

    Your cows are the heart of your dairy operation, and their health and productivity are paramount. While you may need to make some adjustments during tough times, ensure that you maintain high standards of care and management. Consider the following:

    • Healthcare: Continue to invest in the health and well-being of your herd. Cutting corners on healthcare can lead to long-term issues and decreased milk production.
    • Breeding and Genetics: Evaluate your breeding program to ensure you are producing cows that are well-suited to your operation. High-quality genetics can pay dividends in terms of milk production and longevity.
  3. Product Diversification

    When milk prices are low, consider diversifying your product offerings. Explore options such as producing artisan cheeses, yogurt, or other dairy products that can fetch higher prices in the market. While this may require additional equipment and marketing efforts, it can provide a valuable income stream.

  4. Market Analysis and Contracts

    Stay informed about market trends and pricing. Consider entering into contracts or agreements with processors or cooperatives that provide price stability or incentives during periods of low milk prices.

  5. Financial Planning

    Maintaining a robust financial plan is crucial during volatile periods. Build up cash reserves during times of prosperity to help cushion the impact of low milk prices. Additionally, consider working with financial advisors who specialize in the agricultural sector to navigate challenging financial situations.

  6. Sustainable Practices

    Embrace sustainability practices that can reduce operating costs and improve your farm’s resilience in the long run. Implementing eco-friendly measures like nutrient management plans and waste reduction can lead to cost savings and a more environmentally responsible operation.

When milk prices are down, dairy farmers face tough choices, but it’s essential to approach these challenges strategically. By carefully managing costs, prioritizing the health and well-being of your herd, diversifying products, staying informed about market trends, and maintaining financial resilience, you can navigate periods of low milk prices while positioning your dairy operation for long-term success. Adaptability and a commitment to sustainable practices will be key to enduring the cyclical nature of the dairy industry.

China’s dairy production is on the rise, but consumer demand is outpacing supply.

China is on track to become the world’s third-largest producer of cow milk this year. Despite its high worldwide milk production rating, the nation remains the top dairy importer owing to its vast population, which continues to increase per capita dairy consumption, according to Rabobank.

China is on track to become the world’s third-largest producer of cow milk this year. Despite its high worldwide milk production rating, the nation remains the top dairy importer owing to its vast population, which continues to increase per capita dairy consumption, according to Rabobank.

Domestic per capita consumption has a great possibility to develop further, since it is now just one-third of the worldwide average, according to those experts.

According to Rabobank, China’s milk supply will increase from 41.5 million metric tons in 2023 to 47.4 million metric tons liquid milk equivalent (LME) in 2032, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.5% by volume.

Annual demand in the nation is predicted to climb 2.4% on average between 2023 and 2032, with dairy consumption reaching 62.2 million metric tons LME by 2032, according to the report.

“China will continue to play an important role in the global dairy industry, with the import deficit expected to widen further.” Imports are expected to reach 15 million metric tons LME by 2032, according to Michelle Huang, a dairy analyst at Rabobank.

According to a recent Dutch bank dairy analysis, China’s self-sufficiency rate ranges between 70% and 80% and is unlikely to improve much, implying that domestic dairy output will not meet increasing demand in the long term.

“The most important swing factors influencing domestic supply will be production costs, land, water, heifers, and capital availability, and future government policy.”

“On the demand side, downside risks include weaker income growth, slower economic growth, and sluggish consumer demand,” Huang said.
Production that is highly focused ​

China’s milk production is extremely concentrated, with the majority of it located in the country’s north. The dairy agricultural belt includes areas like as Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang.

The country’s milk sector has grown as a result of a change in food security awareness caused by China’s recent geopolitical difficulties. The country’s ministry of agriculture and rural affairs (MARA) enacted a five-year strategy for the domestic dairy industry in February 2022, outlining major measures that the government would support, such as the development of large-scale modern dairy farms.

The share of the Chinese dairy herd on farms with more than 1,000 head climbed from 24 to 44% between 2015 and 2020. Dairy farms with more than 1,000 head are predicted to increase and dominate the Chinese dairy landscape by 2025, accounting for 56% of the country’s herd.

MARA is also working to develop domestic breeding and genetics skills, to help dairy farming’s digital revolution, and to stimulate vertical integration of the dairy value chain.
Forage availability ​

Another important goal mentioned by the agriculture ministry is to enhance the availability of high-quality fodder.

“In China, dairy cows are typically fed one of three types of rations: forage grass/alfalfa, concentrated feed, and supplementary feed.” According to the Rabobank analysis, “alfalfa plays a critical role in increasing milk yield and protein content, and China’s dairy farms rely on imported alfalfa from the United States.”

According to dairy industry experts, the government has created multiple high-yielding alfalfa farms in Inner Mongolia, Gansu, and Ningxia provinces to minimize dependence on imported alfalfa and boost local supplies.

How the Dairy Farmers Can Brace Itself for the AgTech Revolution

The agriculture industry is in the midst of a technological revolution, and dairy farming is no exception. Advancements in agricultural technology, often referred to as agtech, are transforming the way dairy farmers manage their operations. From automated milking systems to data analytics, these innovations offer opportunities for increased efficiency, improved sustainability, and enhanced profitability. However, for dairy farmers to fully benefit from the agtech revolution, they must proactively prepare and adapt to these changes.

  1. Embrace Data-Driven Decision Making
    One of the fundamental aspects of the agtech revolution in dairy farming is the collection and analysis of data. Dairy farmers can install sensors in barns, on cows, and in equipment to gather information about everything from milk production to cow health. By harnessing this data, farmers can make informed decisions that lead to better outcomes.
    Implementing a farm management software system that integrates data from various sources can provide a holistic view of the operation. This allows farmers to monitor cow behavior, track feed consumption, optimize breeding cycles, and identify potential health issues in real-time. The insights gained from data analytics can enhance operational efficiency and maximize milk production.
  1. Invest in Automation
    Automation is another key component of the agtech revolution in dairy farming. Automated milking systems, robotic feeders, and even autonomous tractors can reduce labor costs and improve efficiency. These technologies allow for round-the-clock monitoring and management of the herd and dairy facilities.
    By automating routine tasks, dairy farmers can free up their time to focus on more strategic aspects of their business, such as herd health management, genetics, and market trends. Additionally, automation can help ensure consistency in tasks like milking and feeding, which can lead to higher milk quality and better overall herd health.
  1. Explore Precision Agriculture
    Precision agriculture techniques, commonly associated with crop farming, are increasingly relevant to dairy farming as well. This involves the use of GPS technology, sensors, and data analytics to optimize resource allocation and minimize waste. For dairy farmers, precision agriculture can help with pasture management, nutrient management, and even manure disposal.
    By accurately mapping pastures and monitoring soil conditions, farmers can make data-driven decisions about when and where to graze their cattle. This can reduce overgrazing, improve soil health, and ultimately increase the sustainability of the operation. Precision agriculture can also aid in managing manure more efficiently, minimizing its environmental impact.
  1. Stay Informed and Collaborate
    The agtech landscape is continually evolving, with new innovations and technologies emerging regularly. Dairy farmers must stay informed about these developments and be open to adopting new tools and practices. Attending industry conferences, joining agtech-focused organizations, and networking with other farmers can provide valuable insights and opportunities for collaboration.
    Collaboration is especially important in the agtech space, as it can lead to shared resources, knowledge exchange, and access to cutting-edge technologies. Working with agritech companies, universities, and research institutions can help dairy farmers stay at the forefront of technological advancements.
  2. Address Connectivity and Cybersecurity
    As dairy farms become more connected through the Internet of Things (IoT) devices and data-sharing platforms, it’s crucial to prioritize cybersecurity. Protecting sensitive farm data and ensuring the integrity of automated systems is paramount. Dairy farmers should invest in cybersecurity measures and stay vigilant against potential threats.
    Additionally, reliable internet connectivity is essential for the successful implementation of agtech solutions. Farmers in remote areas may need to explore options for improving their internet infrastructure to fully leverage the benefits of these technologies.

The agtech revolution presents dairy farmers with exciting opportunities to enhance their operations, increase productivity, and promote sustainability. By embracing data-driven decision making, investing in automation, exploring precision agriculture techniques, staying informed, collaborating with others in the industry, and addressing connectivity and cybersecurity concerns, dairy farmers can prepare themselves for the future of farming. Adapting to these technological advancements can not only improve the bottom line but also contribute to the long-term success and sustainability of dairy operations.

Heat Takes a Terrible Toll on Milk Yields

The T.C. Jacoby Weekly Market Report Week Ending August 25, 2023

U.S. milk output turned negative in July, as the heat took a terrible toll on milk yields. The milk production map and the July weather maps look nearly identical. The August weather map – and presumably the milk production map – will look much different. 

U.S. milk output turned negative in July, as the heat took a terrible toll on milk yields. Milk output totaled 19.08 billion pounds last month, down 0.5% from July 2022. The milk production map and the July weather maps look nearly identical. Simply put, milk output was down hardest where it was hottest. The August weather map – and presumably the milk production map – will look much different. Tropical Storm Hilary brought unusually mild temperatures to the West Coast, but the Upper Midwest is scorching. Through much of the summer, dairy producers in the heartland reported only modest declines in milk yields relative to the spring peak. But the bulk tanks are not as full today.

Dairy producers cashed a paltry milk check and some surprisingly large beef checks in July, and they culled hard. But the dairy herd barely budged. USDA estimates the dairy herd shrank by only 3,000 head in July. But the agency cut another 5,000 head from its estimate of the June milkcow head count, bringing the May-to-June decline to a steep 21,000 head. There were 9.4 million cows in U.S. milk parlors last month, 13,000 fewer than there were a year ago. A steeper setback in cow numbers is likely in August. Setting aside slaughter volumes in 1986 during the cow-kill program, dairy slaughter volumes have been record high for this time of year in four of the last seven weeks.

Both cheese and butter stocks tightened in July, which helps to explain the strong showing for both commodities in the spot markets last month. Butter inventories dropped 20.4 million pounds from June to July, an unusually steep decline. There were 347.5 million pounds of butter in cold storage warehouses last month. That’s 5% more than the very small volumes reported a year ago but considerably less than the mountain of butter in storage in July 2021.


In recent years, cheese stocks have typically grown from June to July, so this year’s 21.75-million-pound setback surprised. Cheese inventories tipped the scales at 1.489 billion pounds last month. That’s a lot of cheese, to be sure, but it’s 2.2% less than last year. The month-tomonth decline suggests that export deals booked earlier in the year helped keep product moving this summer. But today, with prices much higher, there are likely few buyers willing to return U.S. cheese exporters’ calls. After topping $2 last week, CME spot Cheddar blocks retreated, falling 8.25ȼ to a still lofty $1.945 per pound. Barrels slipped 0.75ȼ to $1.80. Butter also fell back from the recent highs, dropping 3ȼ to $2.67.

As always, the milk powder market took its cues from abroad. Whole milk powder (WMP) prices lost a little more ground at Tuesday’s Global Dairy Trade Pulse auction, and U.S. nonfat dry milk (NDM) values faded early in the week. Then after European and Kiwi skim milk powder (SMP) futures strengthened, CME spot NDM bounced back. It closed the week at $1.105, on par with last Friday.

The milk powder trade is desperately searching for any sign that Chinese WMP imports are set to improve. If you squint, the data looked a little less troubling than they once did. Chinese WMP imports topped year-ago volumes in May, June, and July. On its own, the monthly figures seem encouraging, with July WMP imports up 22.5% from a year ago. But a wider view paints a different picture. China is simply not importing WMP at the pace required to make up for this year’s very slow start. Chinese WMP imports are down 40.3% from last year to the lowest January through June total since 2016. Chinese imports of other dairy products look much better, with year-to-date imports of cheese, SMP, and whey at their second-highest totals on record, behind 2021.


Whey prices finally firmed this week. Spot whey climbed a penny to 28ȼ, their best showing in more than two months. USDA’s Dairy Market News explains, “Limited milk availability for cheese processing, along with recently firming high protein blend markets have created a slightly bullish safety net for a market that has been struggling to gain traction for the better part of the calendar year.”

Spot market action did not imply big gains for the dairy markets this week. But heat in the cheese states and a friendly Cold Storage report propelled Class III futures sharply higher. The September contract climbed 45ȼ to $18.94 per cwt. October Class III jumped 66ȼ to $18.65. The Class IV markets were less exuberant. September Class IV fell 35ȼ to $18.90, and deferred contracts lost a little ground as well.


The Corn Belt heat wave and the ProFarmer crop tour gave the grain trade a lot to chew on this week. After taking corn and soybean samples in seven states, the tour pegged the national average corn yield at 172 bushels per acre, below USDA’s August estimate of 175.1 bushels but comfortably near the market consensus. ProFarmer assessed the soybean yield at 49.7 bushels per acre, also below USDA’s August figure at 50.9 but slightly above last year’s tour average at 49.5.

The trade assumes that the soaring temperatures will not help either row crop, but, judging by the calendar, the impact will be much more severe for soybeans than for corn. With that in mind, November soybeans surged 34.5ȼ this week to $13.8775 per bushel and December soybean meal jumped $26 to $415 per ton. December corn futures bounced around but ultimately finished at $4.88, a nickel lower than last Friday.

Original Report At:

Are You Ready for World Dairy Expo 2023?

The countdown for the 56th World Dairy Expo is on as there is only one month until the global dairy industry meets once again in Madison, Wisconsin. Do you have everything you need to have a memorable and enjoyable experience?

The first step is buying your digital admission passes for this year’s event before arriving at the Alliant Energy Center. Those who purchase their admission passes before October 3, when admission starts being charged, will be able to take advantage of discount pricing for purchasing in advance. Those who wait to purchase admission from October 3 through 6 will face increased prices.

Admission is required Tuesday, October 3 through Friday, October 6 for anyone 12 years old and older and includes free parking and access to all events at WDE unless noted otherwise in the schedule. Daily and season admission passes purchased before October 3 are $15 and $40, respectively, and can be purchased online by visiting Expo’s website, or through Expo’s free mobile event app.

Download the app to purchase your admission passes and your ticket will be conveniently located within the app. Make sure to use the same email address as your email for your WDE mobile event app account when purchasing to take advantage of this new feature. While you’re in the app, take advantage of all the fan-favorite features to plan your time at Expo, such as custom itinerary-building, interactive maps, and more.

World Dairy Expo 2023 will have a staggered schedule, starting with the Youth Fitting and Showmanship Contests on Saturday, September 30. National Judging Contests take place on Sunday morning, followed by the International Junior Holstein Show on Sunday afternoon to kick off the world-class dairy cattle show. Education seminars and the world’s largest dairy-focused trade show begin on Tuesday, October 3, when admission begins being charged. To find a detailed and up-to-date daily schedule, visit

Serving as the meeting place of the global dairy industry, World Dairy Expo brings together the latest in dairy innovation and the best cattle in North America. The global dairy industry will return to Madison, Wis. for the 56th event, October 1-6, 2023, when the world’s largest dairy-focused trade show, dairy and forage seminars, a world-class dairy cattle show and more will be on display. Download the World Dairy Expo mobile event app, visit or follow WDE on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Spotify, Instagram or YouTube for more information.

Dairy producers in Cork lose over €500 million as milk prices collapse.

Milk price decreases have cost Irish dairy producers over 38% of their earnings in the last year.

Surprising new numbers have shown the magnitude of the financial crisis confronting dairy farmers throughout Cork as a result of continued milk price decreases, with over half a billion Euro wiped off their profits this year.

The data produced by the Irish Creamery Milk Suppliers organization (ICMSA) so sobering that organization president Pat McCormack calls them a “disaster for the rural economy.”

Dairygold was the latest processor to cut its July quoted milk price by 2 cents per pound to 36 cents per pound, with a spokeswoman claiming that “global milk markets continue to weaken due to pressure on demand in key markets, with no sign of near-term correction.”

To put the magnitude of recent milk price cuts into perspective, Dairygold paid its milk suppliers 55.5c/pl in June of last year.

This reflects a year-on-year decrease of little more than 35%.

According to the ICMSA, the persistent drop in milk prices has cost dairy farmers throughout the nation €2 billion in earnings, with Cork suffering the brunt of this.

According to their projections, milk income in Cork will equal €1,269,394.000 in 2022. According to the ICMSA, the income number for 2023 is now €777,865,000, a €491,529,000 or 38.7% decrease.

The ICMSA conducted a comprehensive examination of each of the 26 counties to determine the decrease in dairy farmer income over the previous two years.

The results reveal that milk values have dropped dramatically, with about €2 billion less estimated to be paid to dairy producers in 2023 compared to 2022.

ICMSA president Pat McCormack described this as “an astounding amount to lose” and predicted that it would have a “very serious impact” not only on dairy farmers but also on the wider rural economy this year and in 2024 as farmers tightened their purse strings and made drastic cuts to their spending.

“We all know that farmers spend in their communities, and many local services and businesses rely on them.” It is unsurprising to see dairy farmers’ spending power diminish considerably, as observed by companies in rural towns that offer products and services to dairy farmers and the larger dairy sector,” Mr McCormack said.

“From concrete to shed suppliers, to milking equipment to farm machinery, reports are coming back that dairy farmers have stopped buying and investing, and only the very basics are being purchased, and this is going to have a dramatic impact on the local economy,” he continued.

According to Mr. McCormack, with a dairy outlet multiplier of two, the overall loss to the Irish rural economy in 2023 may be as high as €4 billion.

“At the county level, we see Cork losing nearly half a billion in direct revenues, while Tipperary will lose nearly a quarter of a billion in direct revenues.” “With so many indirect jobs reliant on the dairy sector, the multiplier effect can bite even harder in these counties,” Mr McCormack said.

Given the current weather and pricing circumstances, the ICMSA research utilized an average total milk price of 59cpl for 2033 and a projected average price of 37cpl for 2023, with output predicted to reduce by 2% year on year.

“This means that nearly 38% of dairy revenues have been wiped away in the last year, and this analysis does not include the very severe cost elements facing dairy farmers, implying that dairy farm incomes will be severely impacted in 2023,” Mr McCormack added.

“While fertiliser prices have fallen slightly, most fertiliser was purchased at inflated prices earlier in the year or last year, and unfortunately, electricity and feed remain stubbornly high,” he said.

Mr McCormack urged Agriculture, Food and Marine Minister Charlie McConalogue to organize a meeting of the Dairy Forum so that a “clear strategy” could be put in place to kick-start an urgent recovery in milk prices.

“This is required not only by the farmers who produce the milk on a daily basis, but also by the larger rural businesses that rely on it for revenue,” Mr McCormack added.

On Thursday, both milk futures on the CME and cash dairy prices climbed.

On the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, milk futures and cash dairy markets were up on Thursday, with the exception of cheese and nonfat dry milk.

September Class III milk was $0.02 higher at $18.89 a gallon. October saw a $0.15 increase to $19.10. November was $0.24 higher at $18.78. December was $0.13 higher at $18.65. Contracts from January to July were six cents higher in February and thirteen cents higher in July.

Dry whey was $0.02 higher at $0.3050. One transaction was recorded at $0.30.

The price of forty-pound cheese bricks remained constant at $1.9925. There were no sales registered.

The price of cheese barrels stayed steady at $1.86. There were no sales registered.

Butter was trading at $2.6450, up $0.0250. Fourteen transactions were made, with prices ranging from $2.6450 to $2.67.

Nonfat dried milk fell $0.02 to $1.0725. There were four transactions, with prices ranging from $1.07 to $1.0850.

Federal Milk Marketing Order Hearing Gets Started

How would you report on the first mile of a 26-mile marathon where the race results will not be known until months after the race is finished? That is where we are with the Federal Milk Marketing Order (FMMO) hearing that started this week in Carmel, Indiana. There was a bit of conflict at the beginning of the hearing on Wednesday as a couple of organizations, whose submitted proposals were not accepted for inclusion into this hearing, formally objected to USDA’s exclusion of their proposals. Those objections were noted and entered into the record by the Administrative Law Judge who is presiding over the hearing. USDA asked for a number of days to prepare an official response to the objections and so it goes.


The first hearing topic is Milk Composition. The National Milk Producers Federation and National All Jersey witnesses were able to submit their proposals and justifications and were subject to cross-examination. One of the areas of questioning concerns the ability of fluid milk handlers to recover the value of higher components in the skim milk portion of fluid milk. The proposed delay of the implementation of higher standard components and how often those components would be adjusted in the future was also raised in testimony and cross-examination. There is now a widely used dairy crop insurance product which uses the FMMO formulas as part of their process. The Dairy Revenue Protection program allows milk price coverages to be purchased for time periods in excess of 15 months into the future. Changes to the formulas, which are implemented in a timeframe shorter than that, could cause indemnities to be incurred due to regulatory changes as opposed to market or other changes (e.g., weather/pandemic). These are all concerns USDA will have to consider as they analyze the proposals and the testimony that is gathered through this hearing process. The Federal Order hearing process is long, but thorough, and I would argue fair. Any interested party can testify, and anyone is free to cross-examine witnesses as long as they are physically in the room. A FMMO hearing is not entertainment, but that does not mean it is not interesting or important. The one exception to the in-person rule is that USDA has provided a special opportunity for actual dairy farmers to testify virtually. You can learn how to participate here. This hearing is expected to continue until early October, so there is a lot of road yet to travel.

View the hearing or, you may listen only, via cellular phone or landlineTo view the webinar:

Dairy Checkoff Publishes 2022 Annual Report

Dairy Management Inc. (DMI), the planning and management organization that oversees the national dairy checkoff program on behalf of America’s dairy farmers and importers, has posted its 2022 annual report at

The report provides checkoff funders and other members of the dairy community an audited financial report and highlights from 2022 focused on strategies and programs including:

· Accelerating incremental dairy sales growth

· Building trust in dairy, dairy foods and dairy farming with youth and other important consumer audiences

· Positioning dairy in a global food system

“Farmers and importers seek transparency in their checkoff strategies and the 2022 annual report is a great way to deliver on those expectations,” said Marilyn Hershey, Pennsylvania dairy farmer and DMI chair. “Our checkoff team works daily to fulfill its goal of building sales and trust of dairy, and this report offers a comprehensive overview of how the plan is delivering results.”

The checkoff’s 2023 program budget summary and audited financial statements also are available at Previous checkoff annual reports can be found at

Those interested in learning more about the checkoff can listen to the “Your Dairy Checkoff Podcast,” subscribe to the Dairy Checkoff Newsletter or visit the Dairy Checkoff Facebook Page and

Dairy Management Inc.™ (DMI) is funded by America’s nearly 28,000 dairy farmers, as well as dairy importers. Created to help increase sales and demand for dairy products, DMI and its related organizations work to increase demand for dairy through research, education and innovation, and to maintain confidence in dairy foods, farms and businesses. DMI manages National Dairy Council and the American Dairy Association, and founded the U.S. Dairy Export Council, and the Innovation Center for U.S. Dairy.

NOVUS to Share Top Dairy Herd Best Practices at World Dairy Expo

Experts from Novus International will share their insights into top-performing dairy herds at the World Dairy Expo, October 1-6, in Madison, Wisconsin. 

NOVUS will host two Knowledge Nook sessions during the world’s largest dairy show. 


Mark Moran, executive regional ruminant sales manager for NOVUS, says these two talks are designed to help dairy farmers optimize performance and support profitability through intelligent nutrition, which is a combination of experience, insightful perspectives, and smarter solutions.  


“NOVUS has been working directly with dairy farmers since 1996. We’ve developed deep historical knowledge of the challenges and opportunities that different farms can experience. We’ve also learned a lot about the small things farmers can do to address those issues and meet their goals,” he says. 


Top Producing Dairy Herds, October 4 

Karen Luchterhand, Ph.D., C.O.W.S.® Program service lead, grew up on a dairy farm and began working with neighboring dairies as a teenager. She understands how competitive dairy farms can be. What better way to get above the competition than to know what top-performing herds are doing? 


“Dairy farmers are a competitive group. They want to be the best of the best. They want to know how their herds stack up to the competition,” says Luchterhand. “My presentation gives them a glimpse into dairies in the Northeast and Midwest that are getting the most from their cows.” 


In her presentation, Luchterhand will show assessment data from NOVUS’ C.O.W.S.® Program collected over the last five years. The program, which has been supporting farms in North America since 2011, uses on-site assessments to help farmers unlock production bottlenecks and optimize the health and well-being of their cows. The qualitative and quantitative information collected from these dairy farms showcases key management changes that can make a big difference. Some options may be little to no cost to implement but some suggestions come with a considerable financial investment. Luchterhand says that shouldn’t deter people from understanding their options. 


“What the data tells us and the recommendations we make according to the data has to be individualized to specific farms,” she says. “Because there are so many factors that go into dairy farming, there isn’t one plan that will work for everyone. We have to consider the farm’s challenges and opportunities and how much the dairy producer can or is willing to invest.” 


Luchterhand will present What Are Our Top Producing Herds Doing? at 2:30 p.m. on October 4 in the atrium of the Exhibition Hall. 


Reduce Risk and Manage Your Milk Components, October 5 

NOVUS Ruminant Technical Manager Hannah Tucker, Ph.D., will present the topic Reduce Your Risk: Successfully Manage Your Milk Components when Changing Forage Sources, which provides management tips that farmers and nutritionists should consider every year around harvest time.  


“Butterfat is a valuable milk component. Farmers rely on the ration cows eat to make butterfat, but we can’t maximize butterfat production if the forages aren’t as they should be,” Tucker says. 


During her presentation, Tucker will recommend certain steps farms take when moving from last year’s forage to that of the new harvest. She warns that if the switch isn’t done correctly, the impact can have a negative effect on everything from dry matter intake to component production to overall milk yield.  


Tucker says nutritionists also have a valuable role to play in the silage shift. Their collaboration with dairy producers to maximize the production of both the milk and the forage is necessary to achieve farm goals. 


Dr. Tucker’s presentation is scheduled for 10:30 a.m. on October 5 in the atrium of the Exhibition Hall. 


Attendees can visit the NOVUS booth, #4317-4319 at the Alliant Energy Center Exhibition Hall during the Expo, to speak with the experts and learn about the intelligent nutrition solutions that can help them get more from their cows.  


For more information about NOVUS at the Expo, visit   

World Dairy Expo serves as a forum for dairy producers, companies, organizations, and other dairy enthusiasts to come together to compete, and to exchange ideas, knowledge, technology, and commerce. For more information, visit  

Career Connections’ Third Year at WDE Brings More Opportunities

As it returns to World Dairy Expo for its third year this fall, Career Connections continues to connect students and young professionals with job and internship opportunities in the dairy industry. An onsite networking event on Friday, October 6 at 9:30 a.m. in Mendota 4 of the Exhibition Hall, is a part of the program as well as an online job board.

In addition to connecting job and internship seekers with hiring companies and farms, World Dairy Expo is providing free professional headshots in conjunction with Career Connections. Anastasia Gerbitz, of Cornerbrook Communications will be taking photos for all participants and other attendees looking to update their current headshot during the onsite networking event.

“We’re excited to build upon this program and create more opportunities for youth and young adults that help them stand out among the rest as they search for jobs or internships in the dairy industry,” says Cassi Miller, Attendee Programs Manager. “World Dairy Expo is an optimal time and location to connect these young professionals with hiring companies and farms as the global dairy industry meets in Madison.”

Career Connections is a free resource and event for all involved – from job seekers to dairy farms and companies. Trade Show participants and sponsors of Expo, in addition to dairy farms spanning the globe, can participate in this event by applying at Job and internship seekers who want to take advantage of this unique opportunity at Expo can visit the same website to view a current list of participating companies and potential opportunities, in addition to registering for the in-person event.

Furious dairy producers depart due to UK pricing constraint and growing expenses.

‘It was the most difficult thing I’ve ever had to do.” That was the devastating confession of a British dairy farmer after selling his herd of cows, thereby ending a nearly 200-year-old family company.

What prompted this tragic decision? Within a few months, his milk price had dropped by 14p per litre, despite continuing high expenses for energy, animal feed, and fertilizers. “I’m not sure why anyone would want to continue,” he remarked.

The milk producer, who wishes to remain anonymous, related his experience to Sussex farmer David Exwood, who published the remarks on Twitter. His predicament is far from unusual. Dairy farmers and other food producers have been dealing with spiraling expenses since the commencement of conflict in Ukraine last February, which drove up energy expenditures, influencing the cost of fertilizer, which requires gas for manufacture.

Financial strains were increased further by last summer’s drought, which forced farmers to purchase extra animal feed due to a shortage of grass.

Due to milk shortages caused by the epidemic, wholesale prices reached all-time highs by late 2022, culminating at 51.6p per litre last December. Farmers could now breathe a sigh of relief since their bills had been met. But the reprieve was brief.

According to official data, the average farm-gate price for milk has been falling in recent months, falling to 37.6p per litre in May. This marked an almost 5% loss in a month, and a nearly 8% dip from the same month a year before.

Paul Rowbottom, a farmer who also sells animal feed, says he sees the effects of financial stress on the farms he visits in Staffordshire, Derbyshire, and Cheshire every day. “Trying to get money into the country is a nightmare,” he continues. “They can’t afford to pay their bills.” He claims that the dairy farmers and other food producers he serves are facing the most difficult circumstances he has faced in his 30 years in the business: “I don’t think I’ve ever seen so many people so irritated as now.”

Recent drops in milk prices have been ascribed in part to the “spring flush,” when cows naturally produce more milk when they are let out into fields, resulting in an overstock. However, dairy producers plainly believe that when milk processors and merchants cut the price paid for their product, they suffer financially.

Cheaper milk, as well as reduced costs for butter and bread, have lately been touted by supermarkets as they compete for price-conscious clients amid the cost of living crisis and a period of persistently high food inflation. A four-pint bottle currently costs £1.45 at supermarkets such as Tesco and Sainsbury’s, which is approximately 20p less than the price in early April and the lowest price since before the epidemic.

Food makers are also warning that a sustained flight of dairy farmers might jeopardize the UK’s existing liquid milk self-sufficiency. According to the National Farmers’ Union (NFU), over 5% of them quit the sector last year.
Andrew Hall, a farmer from Warwickshire, stands on a lush field, surrounded by cows.
Andrew Hall, a farmer in Warwickshire, claims that his children are unwilling to take over the family company. Photograph: provided

Following the price drop, the Dorset Dairy Company has become one of the latest farms to decide to sell off its milking cows. Dan Miller, the company’s operations manager, is the third generation in his family to manage a herd at Stalbridge. He now expects to sell their 180 cows in September, after which the firm will purchase milk from other sources to continue producing yoghurt, butter, and cream.

Miller claims he took the choice because to milk price instability, where the “happy days” of wholesale highs in late 2022 spurred many dairy producers to expand, just as consumers cut back on spending. People’s milk habits are also evolving, whether it’s a reduction in conventional cups of tea or morning cereal or the emergence of dairy-free alternatives.

Miller argues that the sector has been slow to adjust, with small suppliers being particularly susceptible. “With milk, you can’t easily turn off the taps,” Miller explains. “Many people said, ‘Let’s improve, grow, and produce more milk.'” We should have exercised greater caution.

“This is an epic cycle, and I don’t see it getting better quickly enough,” he said, explaining why he is selling his herd. “We don’t know how long this is going to last.”

Farmers throughout the nation are wondering how long they can survive in the face of mounting financial constraints and persistent labor shortages. In a recent study, over three-fifths of dairy farmers affiliated with Arla, the UK’s biggest dairy cooperative, expressed concern about labor shortages, stating it was more difficult to hire workers than in 2019.

Andrew Hall, a cattle and dairy farmer from Alveston in Warwickshire, has also had similar experience. The eldest two of his four children have already graduated from university and have opted not to take over the farm, while employees “my age and older are saying ‘I’m sick of this,'” he adds.
A hand clutching a plastic container with a pint of milk.
To cater to consumers suffering from the cost of living crisis, supermarkets have reduced the price of milk. Photo by Andy Rain/EPA

“I’m finding it difficult financially and mentally, and obviously labor is a huge issue,” he adds, adding that he’s getting 15p less per litre than he did in February. “The majority of dairy farmers work seven days a week, but this is 2023, not 1983 or 1973.” And we’ve been left behind in terms of pay.”

The 56-year-old will also miss his one week of vacation this year since his “relief milking” assistance is recuperating from a car accident. “I can’t find anybody else to milk,” he explains.

Hall has cut the quantity of grain supplied to his cows and is scaling down output to stay under his budget, glad that there is more grass available than last summer. “You never hear of farmers striking,” he observes. “But we have been taken advantage of for far too long.”

A big number of dairy cows are coming to market at Kivells, an agricultural and animal auction company, due to succession issues. Mark Davis, an auctioneer in Exeter, anticipates selling 1,500 dairy cows during the next month. “We are seeing a lot of sales come forward,” he adds. “The milk price and finances are bound to have an effect.”

Davis, who also works part-time on his brother’s family dairy farm, says the next generation’s unwillingness to take over family enterprises is also a factor. “The upcoming sales are generally due to retirement; a couple have been ill; in one, the farmer died and the family did not want to take it on.”
Michael Oakes on his Worcestershire farm. He’s standing in an indoor shed with livestock rows on each side.
Michael Oakes, who farms in Worcestershire, expects that a new regulation would make the supply chain more equitable. Photograph courtesy of Christopher Thomond/The Guardian

Some farmers are hoping that the government would implement new laws in the coming months, bringing greater stability to the dairy supply chain. According to the Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (Defra), the dairy code is designed to “ensure supply contracts in the dairy sector are fair and transparent, with farmers being paid a fair price for their produce.”

The laws are intended to enable farmers to contest processors’ pricing and to prevent contract modifications from being forced on producers without their approval, while also making it easier for them to express their concerns.

Michael Oakes, a dairy farmer in Worcestershire, is optimistic that the measures, which are due to become law in the fall, would “remove some unfair practice from the supply chain.” He feels that the present scenario, in which farmers often only learn out what they will be paid for next month’s milk a few days in advance, is unsustainable.

Oakes, who also serves as head of the NFU’s dairy board, expects that the restrictions would “create a new relationship with processors, getting rid of the ‘us and them’.” We rely on one another, but it’s never seemed like a real collaboration.”

For the time being, dairy farmers like Hall are dedicated to staying in farming, although admitting that he sometimes fantasizes about a life without caring for a dairy herd. “I could rent out farm buildings for storage and live a simpler and better lifestyle.”

Minnesota Dairy Community Crowns 70th Princess Kay of the Milky Way

Emma Kuball, 19, was crowned the 70th Princess Kay of the Milky Way by the Minnesota Dairy Community on Aug. 23 at the Minnesota State Fairgrounds.

ST. PAUL, Minn. (KEYC) – A young woman from Waterville was crowned the 70th Princess Kay of the Milky Way.

Emma Kuball, 19, will serve as the official Goodwill Ambassador for over 1,800 Minnesota dairy farm families.

The crowning ceremony took place on Wednesday night at the Minnesota State Fairgrounds.

Kuball, representing Rice County, competed against ten other Dairy Princesses from across Minnesota.

Emma Kuball was crowned the 70th Princess Kay of the Milky Way by the Minnesota Dairy community...
Emma Kuball was crowned the 70th Princess Kay of the Milky Way by the Minnesota Dairy community Aug. 23 at the Minnesota State Fairgrounds.(Matt Addington/Midwest Dairy)

Her first official duty as Princess Kay will be to sit in a rotating cooler during the first two days of the state fair and have her likeness sculpted in a 90 lb. block of butter.

Source: KTTC

Dairy producers are “caught in the crossfire” as financial demands mount.

The Royal Association of British Dairy Farmers (RABDF) has warned that the difference between farmgate milk and retail pricing will continue to widen, and that high input costs would put major burden on the industry.

According to government data, the average UK gate price for milk in June was 36.48 pence per litre (ppl), a 16% decrease from the previous month. Meanwhile, the present cost of production is expected to be between 40ppl and 45ppl, rendering many dairy farms unsustainable.

According to RABDF chairman Di Wastenage, producers are caught in the crossfire, with no respite expected in the short to medium term.

“Our dairy farmers are facing enormous financial pressures,” she said. “They are caught in the crossfire, with farm gate milk prices remaining low while farm input costs remain stubbornly high, and high retail prices also have an impact on consumer demand.”

Mrs. Wastenage went on to say that UK processors are also dealing with increased energy and labor expenses, which are reflected in the pricing. Furthermore, she noted that the increased retail price of some dairy goods, such as cheese, is due to producers employing higher-cost milk earlier this year.

In terms of the next six months, she believes global markets provide little hope for UK dairy producers.

“The decline in Chinese demand for whole milk powder (WMP) and Fonterra’s forward forecasting indicate that this is going to be a difficult year.” “Unfortunately, for many people, this may be financially unsustainable,” she cautioned.

“The UK requires a dairy industry that operates efficiently and profitably from the farmgate to the supermarket shelf for all sectors along the supply chain.” Mrs Wastenage said, “We must ensure that this occurs and that the value is shared by all parties.”

Dairy Checkoff Publishes 2022 Annual Report

Dairy Management Inc. (DMI), the planning and management organization that oversees the national dairy checkoff program on behalf of America’s dairy farmers and importers, has posted its 2022 annual report at


The report provides checkoff funders and other members of the dairy community an audited financial report and highlights from 2022 focused on strategies and programs including:

  • Accelerating incremental dairy sales growth
  • Building trust in dairy, dairy foods and dairy farming with youth and other important consumer audiences
  • Positioning dairy in a global food system

“Farmers and importers seek transparency in their checkoff strategies and the 2022 annual report is a great way to deliver on those expectations,” said Marilyn Hershey, Pennsylvania dairy farmer and DMI chair. “Our checkoff team works daily to fulfill its goal of building sales and trust of dairy, and this report offers a comprehensive overview of how the plan is delivering results.”

The checkoff’s 2023 program budget summary and audited financial statements also are available Previous checkoff annual reports can be found at

Those interested in learning more about the checkoff can listen to the “Your Dairy Checkoff Podcast,” subscribe to theDairy Checkoff Newsletter or visit the Dairy Checkoff Facebook Page and

3 big benefits of cow locating

Finding an individual cow or even a few cows in larger groups that need to be checked, inseminated, treated or fetched isn’t exactly like finding a needle in a haystack. But sometimes it feels that way.

Cow location technology can help reduce frustration, stress and lost time spent seeking specific animals.

Think of this technology like the “Find My Phone” app for your smartphone. It automatically locates the cows you need and accurately pinpoints their real-time position on your barn map with one click – making your team infinitely more efficient. And it positively affects milk production and cow time budgets.

Here are three reasons to stop searching and start finding the cows you need.

  1. You can focus on areas with the most need
    “One of the biggest benefits of cow location technology is that you don’t need to install it all at once,” notes Ron Dehli, Nedap technical business development manager. “You can start with a tag that accepts location and the hardware can be added later. You can begin with one location or pen and add to your system over time.”
    Facility layout and management styles play important roles in determining how cow locating fits into your dairy, but the highest priority areas should always be the cows requiring the most management.
    “The technology fits most modern dairy facilities as long as you include infrastructure to mount a beacon, such as a barn or a fully supported sunshade,” adds Dehli.
    Transition pens, breeding pens and similar areas where cows require more attention are good places to initially install location system components. Pens for mid- to late-lactation cows can be added later if not included in the introductory installation.
  2. Your team can effectively focus on needed tasks
    The ability to find specific animals quickly and accurately means your team can be more efficient with time. Instead of searching pens for an animal, they can spend their efforts on more mindful tasks like breeding and animal care. This holds true in conventional and robotic dairy facilities.
    “Cow locating technology frees up labor to do different jobs on the farm, jobs that sometimes are a higher priority than hunting down the few animals you’re trying to find,” says Tara Bohnert, Nedap business development manager. “We’ve seen dairies be able to pivot and reallocate where their labor spends time.”
    Depending on how the technology is used, cow locating has been able to free up the equivalent of a full-time person to do other tasks on the farm.
    Of course, before investing in any technology seek employee buy-in and develop a plan for implementation so employees can feel it’s a part of their success and not a threat to their role or position on the farm.
  3. You can reduce interruptions to cow routines
    Your team isn’t the only part of your farm affected by more targeted herd interactions. Cows benefit too.
    “Less disruption to daily activities is an important outcome of more efficient cow locating,” says Dehli. “The fewer interactions you have with cows throughout their day, the better. Let her do what she likes to do – eat, drink and lie down. If we can easily and remotely find a cow, we don’t have to disrupt an entire pen looking for one out of 200 herd mates. It’s critical to minimize human-cow interactions and let cows be cows.”
    While it’s difficult to assign a specific price tag to reduced herd interactions, anecdotally, dairies report increased milk production of 1-2 pounds per cow per day thanks to less time away from feed and water for the whole group, not just those that require attention.
    “It’s not just about those cows we need to find; it’s about all those other cows whose day we’ve influenced,” Bohnert says. “Pounds of milk are easy to pencil out when evaluating the return on investment for a system. The cost of a pound per cow on the size of herds we’re talking about adds up quickly.”
    Additionally, for larger dairies, especially those that have pens with 500 or 600 cows, cow locating can also help with identifying animals in the wrong pen.
    “When it’s time to seek animals, we’re not circling through a pen that a specific cow may not even be in. Location becomes a great tool for dairies to manage where their animals are,” notes Bohnert.
    “The success of cow locating comes down to the data points you’re monitoring, your farm’s progressiveness, your labor force and how you want people to interact with your herd,” concludes Dehli.

Visit for more information about how cow locating can work for your farm.

Nedap develops technology for life. Technology that helps people be more successful and happier in their professional lives. For Nedap Livestock Management this means helping professional dairy producers run a profitable, sustainable and enjoyable business. The solutions Nedap creates enable them to automate everyday tasks and make informed decisions based on individual animal identification and data. This way Nedap empowers livestock producers to respond to the growing global demand for animal protein in a way that is both profitable and aligned with rising standards for animal welfare, sustainability, transparency and the safety and quality of food.

Nedap employs more than 950 employees and operates on a global scale. The company was founded in 1929 and has been listed on Euronext Amsterdam since 1947. Its headquarters are located in Groenlo, the Netherlands.

Dairy trade index has fallen for 7 months in a row.

The Global Dairy Index fell 7.4% on Tuesday, its sixth consecutive trading day.

The Cheddar cheese market recovered, while all other items lost value.

The price of cheddar cheese increased 5.8% to $4,127 per metric ton, or $1.87 per pound.

Prices for whole milk powder declined 10.9% to $2,548 per metric ton, or $1.15 per pound.

Skim milk powder fell 5.2% to $2.333 per metric ton, or $1.05 per pound.

The price of anhydrous milk fat fell 5.3% to $4,452 per metric ton, or $2.01 per pound.

Butter prices dropped 3% to $4,539 per pound, or $2.05 per pound.

125 successful bidders purchased 33,580 metric tons of dairy goods in 20 bidding rounds during Tuesday’s trade session.

Since May 16th, the Global Trading Index has declined in all seven trading sessions.

With milk prices falling and costs rising, life is difficult for dairy farmers.

Following record-high milk prices in 2022, dairy farmers’ incomes have plummeted in recent months, with more businesses battling to remain in business and others shutting their doors permanently.

Their condition has drawn analogies to the 2009 economic crisis, which pushed thousands of dairy to declare bankruptcy. Some believe it will be worse this time owing to increased inflationary pressures and rising interest rates, which make it more expensive for firms to borrow money.

“This is a real downturn,” said Jack Hamm, a dairy farmer in California’s San Joaquin County. “The last two months have been every bit as bad as they were in 2009.” Every week, there are dairies for sale.”

As the global crisis took hold in 2009, dairy producers faced an unparalleled financial disaster. Milk prices plummeted due to a sharp drop in export market demand and a global milk surplus. Simultaneously, dairy producers were facing record high feed prices.

While milk prices in 2009 were lower than they are today, Hamm noted that total production expenses were “so much lower” back then.

Dairy producers are now not only paying more for feed, but all of their other expenditures, including labor, gasoline, and fertilizer, have surged.

“It’s tough right now to make ends meet,” Hamm said. “But it’s not the first time we’ve been through it.”

Milk prices have fallen, according to dairy economists and researchers, since the weakening economy and increased food costs have dampened demand for milk and dairy products.

The growing supply of milk hasn’t helped. RaboBank observed in its June report that worldwide milk output is still increasing, but it is slowing.

At the same time, food producers continue to raise prices because they “have learned that higher profits are to be found in ever-higher retail prices,” despite customer resistance by purchasing less, according to CoBank analyst Rob Fox in his May research.

According to Peter Fredericks, market administrator for the California federal milk marketing order, most dairy product prices may continue to fall before rebounding in the fourth quarter, according to his June report.

Dairy producers have sent more low-producing cows and calves to auction to earn more money as their milk checks have shrunk and beef cattle prices have remained robust.

“That’s definitely one of the bright spots, and it’s definitely helping us,” said David Barroso, a dairy farmer in California’s Merced County.

The milking herd has not diminished throughout the country. According to the USDA, total U.S. milk cows were at 8.929 million head in June, up from 8.915 million head at the same time previous year, with U.S. milk output up 0.2%.

Forward contracts and insurance may assist with risk management, but there are expenses connected with them, and they can “only do so much,” according to Tom Barcellos, a dairy farmer in Tulare County, California.

While some producers may postpone farm upkeep and other repairs until financial conditions improve, Barroso said this year’s modifications to assist cool cows from the heat had helped to sustain milk output. It’s too soon to say how much, he says, but “there have definitely been improvements.” He said that without the adjustments, his farm lost 20% to 25% of its milk yield last summer.

“We’ve put a lot of money into it,” Barroso remarked. “I’m not sure we picked the best year to do it, just because of cash flow and financial issues, but hopefully we’ll start paying it off when that upswing happens.”

New Awards for World Dairy Expo’s Youth Showmanship Contest, in Memory of Annette Ostrom

To honor the life and legacy of the late Annette Ostrom, a prominent World Dairy Expo exhibitor as a member of Milk Source Genetics and La Femme Fatale, a philanthropist, youth enthusiast and leader in the dairy industry, the Ostrom family will dedicate more than $120,000 to World Dairy Expo’s Youth Showmanship Contest over the next decade.

The first and second place winners of each division will receive cash awards of $1,500 and $750, respectively. These individuals from the Junior, Intermediate and Senior divisions will then return to the colored shavings to compete for Supreme and Reserve Supreme Showman. The winner of the inaugural Annette Ostrom Memorial Supreme Showman Award will receive a crystal trophy and an additional cash award of $3,500, as well as the privilege to be recognized during the Parade of Champions on Friday, October 6. The Reserve Supreme Showman will receive an additional $1,500 cash award.

“I think it will bring some excitement to the Showring,” says Jim Ostrom, Annette’s husband and co-owner of Milk Source Genetics. “(Annette) would’ve loved that. It’s an opportunity for some kids to go have some fun and celebrate their passion, which, for many of them, is showing cattle.”

The Youth Showmanship Contest will be held on Saturday, September 30, starting at 12:00 p.m. on the renowned colored shavings at World Dairy Expo and is open to all young dairy enthusiasts, ages 9-21. Entries are now being accepted exclusively online with an entry fee of $10 up to the entry deadline, Friday, September 29, at 2:00 p.m. (CDT). Late entries will be accepted until 10 a.m. (CDT), Saturday, September 30 for an entry fee of $20. For more information on the contest and to enter, visit


Serving as the meeting place of the global dairy industry, World Dairy Expo brings together the latest in dairy innovation and the best cattle in North America. The global dairy industry will return to Madison, Wis. for the 56th event, October 1-6, 2023, when the world’s largest dairy-focused trade show, dairy and forage seminars, a world-class dairy cattle show and more will be on display. Download the World Dairy Expo mobile event app, visit or follow WDE on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Spotify, Instagram or YouTube for more information.

An Overview of Milk Price Increases in Europe

A comprehensive examination of European inflation and its effects on dairy goods such as milk, cheese, and butter. In addition, the Idele conference in Paris last June examined record food inflation, consumption, and dairy commerce.

Christine Goscianski of the Idele economics service reminded the audience in her presentation that 2022 saw unprecedented food inflation. Food consumption prices in the EU-27 increased by over 12% in 2022 compared to 2021. This rise was smaller in some countries, such as Ireland (+6.9%) and France (+7%), while it was larger in others (+12.6% in Germany, +13% in Portugal, and +14.5% in Poland). This rise in food costs was matched by an increase in distributor brand market share (+2.3% in Spain, +1.4% in Germany, and +0.5% in France).

“The beginning of 2023 was marked by a sharp acceleration in the rise of food prices in Europe, with an increase in sales of consumer products at discount (+1 point between January 2022 and January 2023),” Goscianski said, adding that consumption of dairy products held up rather well in the EU-27 in 2022, but should fall in 2023 as a result of high food inflation.

Germany has seen unprecedented food inflation.

In 2022, the price of dairy goods in Germany increased by 20-40% compared to 2021: +21% for Emmental and UHT milk, +22% for Gouda, and +41% for butter. This resulted in a decrease in dairy product purchases, which was most noticeable in liquid milk (-6% over the past 12 months, -9% in March 2023) and fresh cheeses (-7% over the last 12 months, -9% in March 2023).

Organic milk is losing market share to vegetable juices and pasture milk as costs climb sharply, affecting the organic sector. Finally, rising food prices in Germany increased trade in dairy goods, impacting both exports and imports.
France: Trade balance decline

In France, there are four factors to consider when it comes to inflation:

a +7.9% increase in dairy product prices in 2022 in stores, with the highest increase for dairy fat (+11.7%) and even higher in-store prices in early 2023; a -2.5% decrease in dairy product sales in 2022 in stores, with the largest drop being for butter (-6.8% over 12 months); consumer arbitrage: buy less and downscale (increasing use of private label ranges, fewer organic products purchased, success of discounters);

Italy has one of the lowest rates of inflation.

Despite having one of the lowest rates of food inflation in Europe, Italy had a 10-20% increase in food costs in 2022, depending on the product: +9.8% for UHT milk, +20.8% for butter.

“However, the beginning of 2023 is marked by a slowing in this rise in food prices, particularly those of dairy products,” said the speaker, who noted that the discount market share has increased from 17.5% of sales in value in 2019 to 20.6% in 2022, despite a very high rise in prices in this channel.

Organic purchases in Italian households declined from 3.9% in 2021 to 3.6% in 2022. In 2022, trade in value increased with inflation (both for imports and exports), but the balance contracted.

Strong inflation in the United Kingdom

Food costs increased by 16.9% in 2022 and then skyrocketed in early 2023 (+33% for milk and 39% for cheddar cheese in April 2023). While dairy product sales are down, cheese sales are holding up better.

“We also see a decrease in the range of dairy product consumption, and branded milk volumes are declining faster than private-label products,” Goscianski added.

Organic milk volume sales are falling considerably (-13.5% in 2022/2021 against -5.6% for non-organic milk). Organic dairy products accounted for 2.9% of total dairy retail volume in 2022. Finally, like with the other European nations, volume exports are increasing, but the value balance is worsening.


Inflation currently affects food goods more than other things:

In the EU-27, consumer prices increased by 9.1%.
Food costs increased by 18.2% in the EU-27.

Eurostat data: January-April 2023/January-April 2022

Inflation has a particularly large influence for dairy goods.
Consumer inflation arbitrage: less amounts bought, more private label, less organic, discount success. Store sales of dairy goods seem to be improving.

In-store purchases in France in 2022 (in volume):

Beef: -6.4% Eggs: -1.6% Dairy products: -6.4% -2.5% Fruits and vegetables: -5% Fish: -12%

For a few weeks, general inflation has been lower, with food inflation falling marginally in May.

The USDA predicts a drop in dairy output and an increase in dairy prices.

In Friday’s supply and demand report, the USDA reduced its milk output predictions. The USDA anticipated 2023 milk production at 228.4 billion pounds in July, but their August update reduces that estimate to 227.9 billion pounds.

The predicted cow inventory is lower for this year and 2024, while the expected production per cow is lower for 2023 but unchanged for 2024.

Because of recent price increases, the study upped the predicted 2023 butter and cheese prices. Whey pricing expectations for this year have been reduced. Nonfat dry milk (NDM), Class III, and Class IV have a better prediction. In 2023, the all-milk price will rise to $19.95 per cwt.

Butter and cheese costs are expected to rise in 2024, while whey prices are expected to fall. Nonfat dry milk prices are expected to remain stable. Class III and IV pricing are higher due to increased product costs. The predicted all-milk price in 2024 has been increased to $19.35 per hundredweight.

The USDA anticipates reduced dairy imports and exports in the United States. Imports of fat and skim-solids have been reduced from previous month due to lower-than-expected imports of cheese and butter. The prediction for fat basis exports in 2023 has been reduced owing to decreased exports of cheese, butter and butterfat products, and whole milk powder. The projection for skim-solids exports is lower, owing mostly to reduced whey product sales.

Enzymes to Improve Rumen Fermentation in Dairy Cows: A Step Towards Greater Efficiency and Long-Term Success

Dairy production is crucial to supplying worldwide demand for milk and dairy products. The effectiveness of milk production in dairy cows, on the other hand, is mostly determined by their digestive system, notably the rumen. The rumen is a sophisticated microbial fermentation chamber that converts feed into nutrients. Researchers and farmers are investigating the use of enzymes to improve rumen fermentation in order to improve dairy cow performance. This article examines the possible advantages and drawbacks of using enzymes in dairy cow diets.

The Importance of the Rumen

The rumen is the first and biggest compartment in a dairy cow’s stomach, and it is home to a varied array of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungus, and protozoa. These bacteria collaborate to break down fibrous plant material into volatile fatty acids (VFAs), which are ingested by the cow and provide energy for milk production.

Rumen Fermentation Enzymes

Enzymes are biological molecules that help to speed up chemical processes. In the case of dairy cows, enzymes may be given to their meals to improve the digestion of complex carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids, eventually enhancing milk output and cow health. Among the main enzymes found in dairy cow diets are:

  1. Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes degrade plant fibers, making it simpler for rumen bacteria to digest cellulose and hemicellulose. This optimizes fiber use and boosts VFA generation.
  2. Proteolytic enzymes help to break down food proteins into smaller peptides and amino acids. This increases rumen microbial protein synthesis, resulting in higher milk protein output.
  3. Lipase Enzymes: Lipases are enzymes that convert dietary lipids to fatty acids, which are then digested in the rumen. This method has the potential to increase the energy content of the diet.

The Advantages of Enzyme Supplementation

  1. Improved Nutrient Utilization: Enzymes assist dairy cows in extracting more nutrients from their meal, enhancing feed conversion efficiency.
    Improved Milk Production: Enzymes may increase milk output and composition, including increased fat and protein content, by boosting rumen fermentation.
  2. Reduced Environmental Impact: Improved rumen fermentation may result in lower methane emissions, which helps the dairy sector meet its sustainability objectives.
  3. Cows that are healthier: Nutritional enhancements such as enzyme supplementation may result in healthier, more productive dairy cows.

Considerations and Obstacles

While using enzymes in dairy cow diets has various advantages, there are certain drawbacks to consider:

  1. Cost: Enzymes may be costly, thus a positive cost-benefit analysis is required for farmers to use this technology.
  2. Feed Formulation: Because the efficiency of enzymes varies depending on food composition and environmental circumstances, proper feed formulation is required.
  3. Regulatory Considerations: In many countries, the use of enzymes in animal feed is subject to regulatory permission and control.
  4. Microbial Adaptation: Over time, rumen microorganisms may adapt to enzyme supplementation, diminishing its efficiency.


Enzyme supplementation in dairy cow diets has the potential to revolutionize milk production by boosting milk output, improving nutrient use, and lowering environmental consequences. However, using this technology should be addressed with a thorough awareness of its merits and drawbacks. Enzymes provide a possible option for improving rumen fermentation and, eventually, dairy cow productivity as the dairy industry pursues sustainable and effective means of production. More study and practical application are required to fully realize the potential of enzymes in dairy production.

Regenerative Dairy Farming: Sustaining the Land and the Herd

Dairy farming has long been a cornerstone of agriculture, supplying people all over the globe with milk, cheese, and other dairy products. Traditional dairy farming techniques, on the other hand, have often been linked to environmental damage, such as soil erosion, water pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions. In response to these issues, a rising movement called as regenerative dairy farming is gaining traction. This strategy intends to not only preserve dairy production but also to repair and improve land health, increase animal welfare, and minimize the industry’s environmental imprint.

What precisely is Regenerative Dairy Farming?

Regenerative dairy farming is a comprehensive and long-term strategy to dairy production that aims to emulate natural ecosystems and processes in order to build a more resilient and ecologically friendly agricultural system. It lays a heavy focus on soil health, biodiversity, and herd health. Here are some significant regenerative dairy farming philosophies and practices:

  1. Improving Soil Health: Regenerative farming is built on healthy soil. Farmers emphasize the development and maintenance of nutrient-rich soil via methods like as cover cropping, decreased tillage, and the use of organic matter such as compost. Not only does healthy soil promote higher agricultural development, but it also sequesters carbon, lowering greenhouse gas emissions.
  2. Biodiversity is prioritized on regenerative dairy farms via the planting of varied cover crops, the establishment of hedgerows, and the creation of wildlife habitat. This promotes ecological equilibrium, enhances pollination, and decreases the need for chemical inputs.
  3. Rotational grazing: Rather than confining cows to a single area, regenerative dairy farms use rotational grazing systems. This gives the land a chance to rest and renew, avoiding overgrazing and soil damage. It also promotes the development of a varied range of forage plants.
  4. Reduced Chemical Inputs: These farms employ natural and organic fertilizers and insecticides instead of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. This decreases chemical discharge into streams while also encouraging healthier ecosystems.
  5. Animal Welfare: The well-being of the herd is prioritized in regenerative dairy production. Cows are usually given greater space to graze, wander, and show natural behaviors. This results in happier cows as well as higher-quality milk.

The Advantages of Regenerative Dairy Farming

  1. Environmental Sustainability: Regenerative approaches lessen dairy farming’s environmental effect. They aid in the sequestration of carbon, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and the protection of water quality by minimizing fertilizer runoff.
  2. Economic Resilience: Regenerative dairy farming may improve a farm’s economic resilience by increasing soil quality and minimizing the demand for expensive inputs. It also provides the opportunity for several revenue streams via sustainable practices.
  3. Higher-Quality Dairy Products: Cows that are healthier and happy generate higher-quality milk and dairy products. This might lead to greater market demand and higher farm prices.
  4. Climate Change Resilience: Regenerative agricultural systems are often more robust to severe weather events, making them well-suited to the difficulties presented by climate change.

Adoption and Obstacles

While regenerative dairy farming has immense potential, it is not without difficulties. Transitioning away from traditional techniques may be expensive and time-consuming. Farmers will require knowledge, training, and financial assistance to make the transition. Furthermore, regenerative approaches may need additional management and labor, which may not be possible for many farms.

Despite these obstacles, regenerative dairy farming is becoming more popular. This shift is being driven by consumers’ increased desire for sustainable and ethically produced dairy products, as well as acknowledgment of the environmental advantages. Many farmers are learning that the long-term advantages of regenerative farming approaches outweigh the early challenges.


Regenerative dairy farming indicates a favorable trend in the dairy sector toward more ecologically friendly and sustainable approaches. This strategy tries to balance the requirements of humans, the land, and the herd by emphasizing soil health, biodiversity, animal welfare, and decreased chemical inputs. The dairy sector has the potential to become a pioneer in sustainable agriculture as more farmers embrace regenerative techniques, contributing to a healthier world and higher-quality dairy products for customers.

UK Record Average Achieved in Cheshire

Riverdane Holsteins achieved a UK record average for a single vendor in its Theatre of Dreams sale in Cheshire today.

Riverdane’s team put in a big effort to get all the cows to the ring in great form. Photo: Evie Tomlinson photography.

Owned by Mark and Susan Nutsford, along with their daughter, Jodie, the tightknit family auctioned 148 elite Holstein lots on their Ravenscroft Hall Farm at Middlewich, near Manchester.

The offering included a smorgasbord of All-Britain, All-Canadian, All-American, or All-World matriarchs – alongside the best of Riverdane’s homebred stars – including two national champions. The sale averaged £5543.12 – a solid £1000 ahead of any other UK sale for a single breeder.

Riverdane sold 27 cows [average £6537.22], 18 heifers in-milk [£5903.33], 17 in-calf heifers [£4854.71], 20 yearling heifers [£3223.50], 53 heifer calves [£6628.87], five bulls [£2457], and seven embryo packages (28 embryos) £967.50.

Top price of 90,000gns was paid for Lot 90, Riverdane KD Hannah. She is pictured (front L-R): John Sherratt, Neale Evans, Jodie Nutsford (handler), Mark and Sue Nutsford. Rear L-R: Auctioneers Mark Davis, Glyn Lucas, and pedigree reader Graham Kirby. Photo: Evie Tomlinson photography.

The early headliner Riverdane KD Hannah (Lot 90) was the top price at 90,000gns, selling to John Sherratt, from Pankymoor, Hope Valley Holsteins (Rob Evans), and Heatherleigh Holsteins (Neale Evans). Mr Sherratt’s syndicate also bought one of the high style heifers at Lot 30, Riverdane Altitude Tequila-Red for 21,000gns, and paid the same money for Lot 42, Riverdane Miss Awesome Strawberry-Red EX92.

Strawberry was the 2022 Red & White Grand and Supreme Champion at the 2022 UK Dairy Expo. She is also the reigning Grand Champion Red & White and Reserve Supreme from this year’s UK Dairy Expo. She sold back in-calf to Swissbec Power (sexed) – giving her a chance to achieve the treble in successive years.

Mr Sherratt said they were the three animals he came for, and he wouldn’t have stopped until he got them.

Auctioneer Glyn Lucas said it was a wonderful day, and – given the quality of the offering – he believed they had a strong shot at rolling the record average.

“There was a great atmosphere, and it was great to see the support for Mark and Sue from all over the UK, Ireland, and Europe,” Glyn said. “From start to finish people came here to come here to really support the family, because they do so much for the industry and for other people.”

Prices down to 10,000gns:

  • Lot 90 – Riverdane KD Hannah sold for 90,000gns (equal top price for a Holstein in the UK) to John Sherratt, Hope Valley Holsteins and Heatherleigh Holsteins.
  • Lot 35 – Riverdane Crushtime Atlee sold for 32,000gns to M Weaver.
  • Lot 134 – Riverdane Awesome Ambrosia sold for 25,000gns to Arwyn Wilson, Kev Rickard and Selwyn Richards.
  • Lot 30 – Riverdane Altitude Tequila-Red – sold for 21,000gns to John Sherratt, Hope Valley Holsteins and Heatherleigh Holsteins.
  • Lot 42 – Riverdane Miss Awesome Strawberry Red sold for 21,000gns to John Sherratt, Hope Valley Holsteins and Heatherleigh Holsteins.
  • Lot 108 – First Choice heifer calf by Dropbox out of Duckett Parfect Heidi sold for 15,000gns to Willsbro.
  • LOT 83 – Riverdane Jimtown Rosabel sold for 12,000gns to MP & BJ Hollins & Son.
  • Lot 22 – Riverdane Lambdas Footloose sold for 11,000gns to Ian Smith.
  • Lot 23 – Riverdane F-D-L Footloose sold for 11,000gns to Willsbro.
  • Lot 95 – Riverdane Tatoo Cheerleader sold for 10,000gns to Matthew Norman.
  • Lot 123 – Riverdane Gchip Ashlyn sold for 10,000gns to Kevin Lawrie.

Select Sires Inc. and STgen™ sign a letter of intent

Select Sires Inc. and Inguran LLC (dba STgen™) have signed a letter of intent to combine Select Sires Inc.’s and STgen’s production, research and development functions into a new company. 

The six U.S. farmer-owned cooperatives that provide exceptional sales, service, and support for the Select Sires family of products will remain independent and continue to operate just as they do today. The STgen sales and service network will likewise operate independently and continue to provide the outstanding sales, service, and support for the STgen brands of products that their customers have come to expect. Additionally, global distributors and business units of STgen and Select Sires, including World Wide Sires, will continue to operate in their respective geographies, representing their current brands. 

Select Sires Inc. and STgen believe that by integrating their production and development capabilities into a new company, farmers will benefit from a broader and more cost-efficient offering, higher quality products, and more advanced technologies and services. If approved, the combination of the companies’ complementary capabilities will also create greater opportunities for professional advancement for employees. 

For Select Sires Inc., this was a unanimous decision made by the board of farmer-owner directors. Both organizations are confident that the anticipated combination will deliver the best opportunities to farmer-customers and employees while preserving the mission and core values of each organization. The transaction is subject to the negotiation and execution of a definitive agreement, as well as approval by each company’s board of directors and standard regulatory approvals. 

# # # 

Based in Plain City, Ohio, Select Sires Inc., is the largest global A.I. cooperative and is comprised of six farmer-owned and -controlled local organizations in the United States. As the industry leader, it provides highly fertile semen, as well as excellence in service and programs to supply dairy and beef producers with the world’s best genetics. 

Located in Navasota, Texas, STgen™ is making the world greener, more sustainable and profitable. By improving herd genetics through science and technology, we believe that the best way to predict the future is to create it, while feeding the world with our passion for the beef and dairy industries. The STgen™ Integrated Approach to management combines cutting edge genetics, innovation driven programs and gender-sorted semen to aid farmers in improving cattle performance to feed the world while reducing their carbon footprint. 

World-Class Collection of Cattle Sell In Cheshire

Riverdane Holstein’s tightknit team surrounds two of the star heifers to sell in the Theatre of Dreams sale at Cheshire on August 19. They are both granddaughters of the 2022 Supreme Champion of the World Dairy Expo (United States), Oakfield Solom Footloose EX96-2E. They are sired by Farnear Delta-Lambda and sell as lot 22 and lot 23. Photo: Jane Steel.

A single-minded vision for two businesses has allowed Mark and Susan Nutsford, along with their daughter, Jodie, to put together arguably the highest profile Holstein sale to be held in the UK this year.

 Riverdane Holsteins will auction 154 elite Holstein lots in the Theatre of Dreams sale on their Ravenscroft Hall Farm at Middlewich, in Cheshire, on Saturday, August 19. Riverdane currently has 36 cows classified EX93 points or higher (including 9 x EX94, 4 x EX95, 3 x EX96 and 1 x EX97 This is also one of the few operations to have owned four EX97-point cows.

The sale includes a plethora of All-Britain, All-Canadian, All-American, or All-World matriarchs – alongside the best of Riverdane’s homebred stars.

Thrulane James Rose EX97-2E-CAN 3* includes two 97-point cows in the pedigree and her third dam is Thrulane James Rose EX97-2E-CAN 5*. Photo: Jane Steel.


Riverdane Holsteins milks 200 cows (640 total head) in a state-of-the-art complex. The high yielders are milked by two GEA robots, and a new 20/20 herringbone milking parlour is used to milk the balance of the herd. It is currently averaging 11,486kgs milk, 4.3% butterfat, with a 3.2% protein. Photo: Dianna Malcolm.

Riverdane milks 200 cows (640 total head) in a state-of-the-art complex. The high yielders are milked by two GEA robots, and a new 20/20 herringbone milking parlour is used to milk the balance of the herd. Riverdane is currently averaging 11,486kgs milk, 4.3% butterfat, with a 3.2% protein. 

Mark and Sue also own and operate Celltech, an embryo transfer service, which hasn’t hurt the Nutsford family’s deep-dive into some of the most wanted pedigrees in the world. Alongside Mark and Susan’s dogged work ethic on-farm every day, Riverdane has found an edge in its ability to balance their day-to-day cow care with Celltech’s embryo transfer work – which routinely puts Mark on the road seeing the country’s best cows.  

Bethan Greenhalgh in the thick of preparations.

Along with his judging appointments throughout the world – including the 2019 European Championship at Libramont – the family’s fascination with great cows and Mark’s determination to be at World Dairy Expo (WDE) nearly every year means not many profile cows get past this couple.

Supported by Sue’s drive on-farm – with Jodie closing in on her final year of veterinary study – this young team (including herdsman Oliver Greenhalgh) is an operation with everything happening at top gear.


Riverdane KD Hannah is one of the most complete genomic packages ever offered in Europe – descending from three Global Cows of the Year. Photo: Jane Steel.

When Mark, Susan, and Jodie made their sale selections they didn’t spare the horses. An early headliner has been Riverdane KD Hannah (Lot 90) who is described by auctioneer Glyn Lucas as one of the most complete and unique individuals ever to be offered for sale. She blends pedigree, index, and conformation and she is the highest GTPI daughter of Siemers LBA Hanina EX94 with a GTPI+2926 and an impressive PTAT at +3.22 [figures as per the catalogue]. 

It is worth noting that LBA Hanina gave almost 18,000kgs in her third lactation (5.8% butterfat), and she is currently one of the highest PTAT cows in the world – backed by three Global Cow of the Year achievements in her pedigree.

S-S-I Doc Have Not 8784 EX96-4E (EX96-MS) is the maternal granddam of a choice of three Kings-Ransom Dropbox pregnancies out of Duckett Parfect Heidi at Lot 108.

Then there is a choice of three Kings-Ransom Dropbox pregnancies from Duckett Parfect Heidi (who calved in at Duckett Holsteins on July 1). The calves will be the first to hit the ground in the UK with a pedigree which features S-S-I Doc Have Not 8784 EX96-4E (EX96-MS) right in behind the calves as their maternal granddam, making the potential palpable.

Riverdane Miss FDL Ashlyn (Lot 71) is a Lambda daughter from Riverdane Deman Ashlyn EX95. She is one of the Highest Conformation Heifers in the World at Conf +15, Mammary +12, and Feet & Legs +12. Her dam produced more than 13,000kgs at 5.17% butterfat, her next dam is Riverdane Seaver Ashlyn EX94 (the sister to the European Show winner Riverdane Ashlyn Gold EX95). 

Glyn said buyers will be spoiled for choice. Nine Holstein International All-World Champions feature close-up on a number of lot – including Tri-Day Ashlyn (2001), Toc Farm Allen Amyly (2007), Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red (R&W All-World 2006 & 2007), Thrulane James Rose (2008 and 2009), Harvue Roy Frosty (2010), Castel James Jolie (2011), Rosiers Blexy Goldwyn (2017), Rainyridge Tony Beauty (1999), and Oakfield Solom Footloose (2022).


These two granddaughters to the reigning WDE Supreme Champion, Oakfield Solom Footloose EX97-3E, and both sell. Footloose photo: The Bullvine. Heifer photo: Jane Steel.

Riverdane RBoom Sharon – whose maternal line includes Picston Shottle’s dam – sells. Adding to her appeal is that her dam is one of Riverdane’s EX96 favourites, Riverdane Brady Sharon (nominated All-Britain every lactation).

WDE, RWF, and UK National Champions are also potent throughout.

Riverdane Doorman Elke EX93 (MAX) – the reigning All-Britain four-year-old max-pointed five-year-old sells as Lot 47.


To that end, Riverdane are selling two UK National Champions in their prime which represents a formidable opportunity for buyers looking to establish foundation families off the back of work already tabled.

Lot 47, Riverdane Doorman Elke EX93 (MAX) and Lot 42, Riverdane Miss Awesome Strawberry-Red EX92, come straight from the heart of its show team with nothing to prove, and everything to give.

Elke is the reigning All-Britain four-year-old and classified MAX points for age. Sired by Val-Bisson Doorman, she was the Grand Champion Holstein (including Best Udder) at the 2022 UK Dairy Expo, and she leads off the sale offering for this family, alongside her march 2023-born Siemers EXC Hanans daughter. Elke has peaked at more than 13,000kg with a whopping 5.2% butterfat test.

Elke’s Dutch dam – sired by Goldwyn – was the 2022 Dutch Cow of the Year (Holstein International). Now aged 14 years, the EX-91 21-star brood cow is the only cow alive in Europe who has seven Excellent daughters in four countries.

Riverdane Miss Awesome Strawberry-Red EX92 sells as lot 42. The 2022 UK Dairy Expo Supreme Champion and 2023 Red & White Champion (Reserve Supreme) is back in-calf to have the chance at a third successive tilt at the title. Photo: Jane Steel.

Strawberry was the 2022 Red & White Grand and Supreme Champion at the 2022 UK Dairy Expo. She is also the reigning Grand Champion Red & White and Reserve Supreme from this year’s UK Dairy Expo. She is back in-calf to Swissbec Power (sexed) – giving her a chance to achieve the treble in successive years.

Importantly, the year Strawberry won Supreme Champion, her dam – Riverdane Colt Strawberry EX95-3E 8 Stars – also stood first in the production class. Further to that, six out of seven generations in this family are classified EX – including an EX96 and EX95. Both these cows are ready for their new owners to simply take the reins and enjoy the ride.

“Everywhere you look are pedigrees filled with All-World Champions, Madison Champions, Royal Winter Fair Champions, UK National Champions, Highest Star Brood Cows, and production champions,” auctioneer Glyn Lucas said.

“The prospects of investing in these premier pedigrees are excellent, as is the potential return on investment.”

The highly anticipated sale will be the pinnacle of a weekend which will celebrate the Holstein breed and its community. It will be held on Saturday, August 19 at Ravenscroft Hall Farm, Middlewich, Cheshire, starting at 10.30am GMT+00 (cattle viewing from 8.30am GMT+00).

The sale will be livestreamed on (under the tab “England”, then “Carlisle H&H”, and scroll down to the “Theatre of Dreams sale)”. It starts at 10.30am GMT+00 – Or, follow this link:

If you’d like to bid online, please make sure you’ve registered on Marteye (through Harrison & Hetherington) 24 hours before the sale starts.

Follow Riverdane Holsteins on Facebook for more details.

For more information on individual lots, please contact Glyn Lucas 07711610255

Link to the catalogue:–is4IdwLlJms

Honey is Riverdane’s chief of security. Photo: Dianna Malcolm.


Mecanico Tops Scandinavian Proofs – Sire Proof Central August 2023

The Scandinavian indexes (Denmark, Sweden, and Finland) are now accessible ONLINE. Mecanico from the United States has the highest NTM genetic sire this August 2023 proof, with +47 NTM. VH Karat *RC comes in second at +44 NTM, followed by VH Sweet P at +41 NTM. VH Deco *RC, together with the German sire Youngester, again tops the daughter-proven NTM list with +31 NTM. At +29 NTM, they are followed by three sires: Semino, VH Bahrain, and VH Goal.

Genosource Captain and Denovo Leeds Top PLI Rankings in the UK – Sire Proof Central August 2023

This August 2023 run, Genosource Captain came in as the #1 gPLI daughter proven sire with +807 gPLI and +1.65 TM (Type). He is followed by the Progenesis Wimbledon at +756 PLI, and Kimmel is third at +733 gPLI. Denovo Leeds leads the gPLI genomics sire index with +914 gPLI. He is followed by Denovo Highview at +902 PLI and Wilra SSI Faneca Ebersol at +896 PLI, rounding out the top three.


Go-Farm Abacuc Dominates Italian PFT Rankings – Sire Proof Central August 2023

The new Italian indices have just arrived. Zingler son Go-Farm Abacuc leads the genomic PFT Domestic ranking with +5146 gPFT. More than 100 points down, we discover another Zingler son, Isolabella Inseme Prinston at +5008 PFT, rounding out the top three, which is completed by Zingler son Bardo at +4983 gPFT. Topping in the daughter-proven domestic PFT list is a Rio son with +4417 gPFT, he is followed by Perseus son Gaudi at +4400 gPFT and at the third slot we have Go-Farm Bernini at +4344 gPFT.


Progenesis Partner Tops Swiss Charts – Sire Proof Central August 2023

Progenesis Partner (s. Mahomes) at +1646 ISET is the new leader on the Swiss chart. He is followed by Swissgen Lewitan at +1642 ISET, who rounds off the stage with 3star HWH Globe at +1631 ISET. Wilra SSI Rivet Genuine leads the Interbull daughter proven list with +1581 ISET, followed by S-S-I Hodedoe Montley with +1561 ISET and Larcrest Commitment with +1556 ISET. NH DG Arrow at AI-Total continues to be the  #1 daughter confirmed ITP (TYPE) sire with >113 Gliedmassen (F&L) and >0.07% PROTEIN. He is the #14 daughter-proven ITP (Type) sire in the world and the #5 daughter-proven ITP (Type) sire with more than 1280 ISET.

Navigating the Impact of China’s Slowing Economy on the Dairy Industry

China’s economy, as one of the world’s largest and most influential, has far-reaching implications for various sectors, including the dairy industry. The recent signs of a slowing Chinese economy have raised questions about how this shift might affect the global dairy market. In this article, we will explore the potential impacts of China’s economic slowdown on the dairy industry and how stakeholders might respond to these challenges.

The Chinese Dairy Market: China has been a significant player in the global dairy market, with a growing middle class and increasing demand for dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt. The country’s vast population and evolving dietary preferences have led to a surge in dairy consumption, making it a critical market for dairy exporters.

Impact on Dairy Exporters:

  1. Demand Fluctuations: A slowing economy in China could potentially lead to reduced consumer spending power, affecting the demand for higher-value dairy products. This could result in fluctuating demand for dairy exports from major dairy-producing countries.
  2. Export Markets Diversification: To mitigate the impact of a potential decrease in demand from China, dairy exporters might need to diversify their export markets. This could involve seeking new markets in other countries with growing dairy consumption patterns.

Domestic Dairy Industry:

  1. Supply Chain Disruptions: If China’s economic slowdown leads to reduced consumer spending, the domestic dairy industry might face challenges related to supply chain disruptions and decreased profitability.
  2. Focus on Domestic Production: A shift in consumer preferences towards more affordable products could prompt the Chinese government and dairy producers to invest in bolstering domestic dairy production to meet local demand.

Global Dairy Prices:

  1. Price Volatility: China’s economic fluctuations could impact global dairy prices due to its status as a significant importer. A decrease in Chinese demand could potentially lead to an oversupply of dairy products on the global market, resulting in price volatility.
  2. Export Market Competition: If Chinese buyers reduce their imports, exporters might need to compete more aggressively in other markets, potentially leading to price pressures.

Response Strategies:

  1. Market Diversification: Dairy exporters could explore and expand into emerging markets with growing dairy consumption patterns to reduce reliance on a single market.
  2. Innovation and Product Differentiation: Producers can focus on developing innovative dairy products that cater to changing consumer preferences and affordability concerns.
  3. Supply Chain Efficiency: Increasing supply chain efficiency and reducing production costs could help mitigate potential profit loss resulting from a decrease in demand.

The dynamics of China’s economy undoubtedly impact the global dairy industry. While a slowing economy presents challenges, it also underscores the need for adaptability and innovation. Stakeholders across the dairy supply chain should closely monitor economic trends in China and strategize to ensure resilience in the face of potential shifts in demand and market dynamics. Flexibility, diversification, and a commitment to quality and innovation will be key factors in navigating the impact of China’s slowing economy on the dairy sector.

The Dairy Margin Coverage Payment for the Month of June Hits All-Time High

A sizable Dairy Margin Coverage (DMC) payout is on its way to producers, as projected. In fact, the DMC revenue over feed cost computation in June established a new low of $3.65/cwt. Milk insured at the $9.50 level will get a $4,366.09 indemnity payment for each million pounds enrolled. This is a $1.18/cwt decrease from the previous record low in May.

Premium alfalfa hay dropped $7 per ton to $310, while maize decreased $0.05 per bushel to $6.49. Soybean meal fell $10.12 per ton to $413.46, bringing feed prices down $0.22 to $14.25/cwt.

The margin over feed cost is $1.18/cwt lower than the previous record low in May. This is the lowest milk revenue margin level since the DMC program and its predecessor, the Margin Protection Program for Dairy (MPP-Dairy), were established. Payments to date amount $16,780 per million pounds insured at the highest level.

According to Phil Plourd, president of Insights, farmers can also use risk management systems such as Dairy Revenue Protection (DRP).

“These are the kinds of times that remind us that risk management necessitates vigilance and diligence.” I doubt many people expected margins to be this low in 2023. “However, here we are,” he adds.

The DMC program was established by the 2018 farm bill to provide farmers with protection when the gap between the all-milk price and the average feed price falls below the producer-selected margin trigger.

According to Jim Mulhern, CEO of NMPF, DMC’s catastrophic coverage level is at the top of his team’s farm bill wish list.

“The basic DMC’s catastrophic coverage level includes up to 5 million pounds of annual protection, which is equivalent to a 200 to 220 cow herd.” “We’re looking at DMC’s tier 2 adjustments—anything above basic—because those markets collapsing would be more akin to a truly ‘catastrophic’ event,” Mulhern explains.

Optimizing Ventilation in Dairy Calf Barns for Healthy Growth and Welfare

Proper ventilation is a critical aspect of managing dairy calf barns to ensure the health, comfort, and growth of young calves. Adequate ventilation helps regulate temperature, humidity, and air quality, creating an environment that minimizes the risk of respiratory illnesses and supports overall calf well-being. In this article, we will discuss the importance of calf barn ventilation and key strategies for achieving optimal air exchange.

Why Ventilation Matters: Dairy calves are particularly sensitive to changes in temperature and air quality. Poor ventilation can lead to the accumulation of airborne pathogens, humidity, and ammonia, all of which contribute to respiratory issues, decreased feed intake, and compromised growth. Proper ventilation addresses these challenges by maintaining a comfortable and clean environment.

Ventilation Strategies:

  1. Natural Ventilation: Natural ventilation relies on the design of the barn to facilitate the movement of air through openings such as windows, doors, and roof vents. Cross-ventilation design ensures a continuous exchange of fresh air and removal of stale air.
  2. Mechanical Ventilation: Mechanical systems, such as fans and exhaust systems, can provide controlled air exchange regardless of external weather conditions. These systems can be crucial in regions with extreme weather variations.
  3. Curtain-Sided Barns: This design combines natural ventilation with the use of adjustable curtains along the sides of the barn. Curtains can be raised or lowered to regulate airflow and temperature based on calf needs and weather conditions.

Considerations for Effective Ventilation:

  1. Airflow Rate: The appropriate airflow rate depends on factors like calf density, barn size, and environmental conditions. Adequate ventilation ensures that the air is replaced frequently, reducing the concentration of moisture and pathogens.
  2. Humidity Control: Proper ventilation helps maintain optimal humidity levels. High humidity can lead to moisture buildup, which in turn increases the risk of respiratory issues and bacterial growth.
  3. Air Quality: Effective ventilation helps remove ammonia and other pollutants that can accumulate in calf barns. This contributes to better respiratory health and overall calf comfort.
  4. Temperature Regulation: Ventilation plays a role in temperature control by preventing heat buildup in the barn during hot weather and providing ventilation during colder periods to reduce humidity and moisture.

Management and Maintenance:

  1. Regular Monitoring: Monitoring barn conditions, including temperature, humidity, and air quality, is essential. Invest in monitoring systems that provide real-time data for informed decision-making.
  2. Cleaning and Sanitization: Regularly clean and sanitize barn surfaces to prevent the buildup of pathogens that can negatively impact air quality and calf health.
  3. Proper Placement: Ensure that fans, vents, and openings are strategically placed to provide uniform airflow throughout the barn, minimizing areas of stagnant air.

Ventilation is a fundamental component of successful dairy calf management. Implementing effective ventilation strategies ensures that calves are raised in an environment that promotes respiratory health, optimal growth, and overall well-being. Dairy farmers should assess their barn layout, environmental conditions, and calf needs to determine the best ventilation approach, whether it’s through natural ventilation, mechanical systems, or a combination of both. Regular monitoring and maintenance are key to creating a calf-friendly environment that sets the stage for healthy and productive adult cows.

Protecting Your Dairy Herd from Pinkeye: Strategies and Prevention

Pinkeye, scientifically known as bovine infectious keratoconjunctivitis, is a contagious and economically detrimental eye infection that commonly affects dairy cattle. The condition is characterized by inflammation of the eye’s cornea and conjunctiva, leading to discomfort, reduced milk production, and potential long-term damage if left untreated. Implementing effective strategies for prevention and management is essential to safeguard your dairy herd’s health and productivity.

Causes and Transmission: Pinkeye is primarily caused by the bacterium Moraxella bovis. Flies, particularly face flies and house flies, play a significant role in transmitting the infection by transferring bacteria from infected to healthy animals. Factors such as UV radiation, dust, and poor nutrition can weaken the eye’s defenses, increasing the susceptibility of cattle to pinkeye.

Preventive Measures:

  1. Fly Control: Implement rigorous fly control measures to reduce the presence of disease-carrying flies. This includes using insecticides, physical barriers, and environmental modifications to minimize fly populations around the cattle.
  2. Pasture Management: Maintain clean and dry pastures to minimize dust and mud, which can irritate the eyes and provide a conducive environment for bacterial growth.
  3. Proper Nutrition: Ensure that your cattle receive a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals essential for immune system support. A strong immune system can better resist pinkeye infections.
  4. Shade and UV Protection: Provide adequate shade to protect the eyes from direct sunlight and UV radiation. UV exposure can contribute to eye irritation and increase the susceptibility to pinkeye.
  5. Quarantine and Biosecurity: Isolate new animals before introducing them to the herd to prevent the introduction of pinkeye and other diseases. Implement strict biosecurity measures to minimize the risk of disease spread within the herd.

Management Strategies:

  1. Early Detection: Train personnel to recognize the early signs of pinkeye, such as excessive tearing, blinking, and redness of the eye. Early detection allows for prompt treatment and prevents further spread.
  2. Isolation and Treatment: Infected animals should be isolated to prevent the spread of the infection. Consult a veterinarian for appropriate treatment options, which may include topical antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications.
  3. Eye Protection: Consider using fly masks or face shields to protect susceptible cattle from flies and environmental irritants that can exacerbate pinkeye.

Herd Health Monitoring:

  1. Regular Checkups: Schedule regular veterinary visits to assess the overall health of the herd and identify potential cases of pinkeye early.
  2. Eye Scoring: Implement an eye scoring system to objectively evaluate the eye health of each animal. This helps track the prevalence of pinkeye within the herd and the effectiveness of prevention strategies.

Pinkeye poses a significant threat to dairy herd health and productivity. By implementing a combination of preventive measures, early detection, proper management, and consistent monitoring, dairy farmers can effectively protect their herds from pinkeye and its negative consequences. An integrated approach involving fly control, good nutrition, and veterinary care is key to ensuring the well-being of your cattle and the success of your dairy operation.

Water consumption by large livestock ranches in Oregon will be further regulated under new Senate Bill 85.

“I became a farmer because I love cows and want to be out with them all the time,” Harrold said. “And every day, I spend less and less time doing that because we keep getting laws like this that require more documentation and layers.”

Harrold is also the president of the Oregon Dairy Farmers Association’s board of directors.

Senate Bill 85 was signed into law by Governor Tina Kotek in July.

The new regulations mandate that major agricultural businesses get stricter water quality permits and develop a water supply strategy. The regulations also prohibit farmers from using drinking water for cattle unless they have a permit or a water right.

It would impose additional regulations on enterprises with more than 700 dairy cows or 1,000 beef cows.

Environmentalists believe the new legislation is a small step toward safeguarding Oregon’s drinking water.

“It’s really notable that our coalition and legislators were finally able to stand up to big ag and pass a bill that even enacts modest reforms on the factory farm industry,” said Tara Heinzen of Food & Water Watch. “Because this is such an incredibly powerful industry.”

Heinzen also claims that there is a lot more work to be done.

“This bill doesn’t go nearly far enough,” she said. “However, it is encouraging to see the state finally take factory farm groundwater overuse seriously and impose even a modest and temporary limit on exploitation of the so-called stock watering loophole, which has allowed factory farms to take vertically unlimited water from scarce groundwater resources.”

Threemile Canyon Farms, situated in Boardman, has 35,000 milking cattle, and Jeff Wendler, director of livestock operations, believes the new standards will benefit his firm. He claims that the new restrictions would be more difficult and costly for smaller livestock farms. Smaller dairies, for example, may need to construct water systems with flow meters to measure cattle drinking water use.

“If you’re not set up to track drinking water, it’s going to be an additional burden,” he says.

Wendler said that many of these restrictions were enacted in response to the conduct of one bad actor, Lost Valley Farm, which was closed due to huge pollution and difficulties. That farm is currently mostly managed by the sons of Cody Easterday, a rancher who defrauded Tyson Fresh Meats and another corporation out of about $244 million in cattle.

Threemile Canyon Farms, on the other hand, has worked closely with state officials to operate a closed loop for dairy waste, according to Wendler.

“We’ve always gone above and beyond what the regulations were doing anyway,” Wendler said. “Most of our industry adheres to the regulations; they do things the right way.”

More than $12.5 million is due in back taxes from ranchers Cody and Debby Easterday.

According to a federal lien filed Wednesday morning in Franklin County, Washington.

Cody Easterday is presently serving an 11-year prison sentence in a federal prison in California for defrauding Tyson Fresh Meats and a King County-based firm named Segale out of more than $244 million in cattle.

The Easterday “Ghost Herd” tale lasted many years and featured some of America’s greatest farmers, including Bill Gates and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, who fought over vast swaths of water-rich Easterday farmland along the Columbia River.

The $12.5 million lien applies to everything Cody and Debby Easterday possess, including property, residences, and automobiles, as well as potential profits.

According to the paperwork, the lien is for taxes payable in 2021. when was also the year when two of the couple’s companies, Easterday Farms and Easterday Ranches, declared federal bankruptcy. That same year, the couple’s companies sold a vast feedlot north of Pasco dubbed the “North Lot” for $10 million, as well as another group of farms in Benton County for about $210 million.

The federal lien, according to IRS papers, secures the government’s entitlement to money from the couple before any later creditors who may make claims. The federal government has 30 days after sending a “Notice of Intent to Levy” and informing the couple of their right to a hearing to take property.

“If you don’t pay your overdue taxes, make other arrangements to satisfy the tax debt, or request a hearing within 30 days of the date of this notice, we may seize your property,” according to an IRS collection procedure document.

The bankruptcy of Easterday Farms and Easterday Ranches included significant Benton County farms and the Cox feedlot; none of the earnings went to Cody Easterday. The source of these extra taxes is unknown, although the Easterdays have other assets that were not included in the bankruptcy. Easterdays’ produce enterprise and massive produce barns in Franklin County are among them.

Some of the Easter children own a struggling mega-dairy near Boardman, Oregon, and operate Triple E Farms, which farms potatoes, onions, and other crops across the Columbia Basin.

Milk for Hydration: Understanding its Role and Benefits

Hydration is crucial for maintaining overall health and well-being, as water is essential for various bodily functions. While water is the primary source of hydration, other beverages and foods can also contribute to fluid intake. One such beverage is milk, which not only provides essential nutrients but also serves as a hydration solution. This article explores the hydrating properties of milk, its composition, and the benefits it offers as a source of hydration.

Milk’s Composition and Hydration: Milk is a liquid that consists of water along with various macronutrients and micronutrients. About 87% of milk’s weight is water, making it a hydrating option for quenching thirst and maintaining fluid balance in the body. In addition to water, milk contains carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals, all of which contribute to its nutritional value.

Electrolyte Content: Milk contains naturally occurring electrolytes, such as sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. These electrolytes play a crucial role in maintaining proper hydration levels by regulating fluid balance and supporting nerve and muscle function.

Hydration Benefits of Milk:

  1. Fluid Replacement: Milk’s high water content makes it an effective way to rehydrate the body after exercise, during hot weather, or whenever fluid loss occurs.
  2. Nutrient Boost: Unlike plain water, milk provides a range of nutrients, including high-quality proteins, essential amino acids, vitamins (such as vitamin D and B vitamins), and minerals (such as calcium and phosphorus). These nutrients support overall health while contributing to hydration.
  3. Electrolyte Balance: Milk’s electrolyte composition helps replenish electrolytes lost through sweat and urine, aiding in maintaining proper hydration and preventing electrolyte imbalances.
  4. Satiety: The combination of proteins and fats in milk can contribute to a feeling of fullness, helping to control appetite and potentially reducing excessive fluid intake.


  1. Lactose Intolerance: Some individuals may have lactose intolerance, which can lead to digestive discomfort when consuming milk. Lactose-free milk or alternative milk sources can be considered in such cases.
  2. Caloric Content: While milk offers hydration benefits, it also contains calories. Individuals who are mindful of their calorie intake should consider the balance between fluid needs and energy consumption.

Incorporating Milk into Hydration:

  1. Post-Exercise: After physical activity, consider drinking milk to replenish fluids, electrolytes, and nutrients lost through sweating.
  2. Hot Weather: During hot weather, milk can be a tasty and nutritious way to stay hydrated while also providing the body with important nutrients.
  3. Meals and Snacks: Incorporate milk into meals or consume it as a snack to contribute to daily fluid intake and overall nutrition.

Milk is not only a delicious and nutrient-rich beverage but also an effective hydrating solution. Its high water content, electrolyte composition, and nutrient profile make it a valuable choice for maintaining hydration, especially in combination with other hydrating beverages and foods. Individuals looking to stay hydrated while benefiting from the nutritional value of milk can confidently include it as part of their hydration strategy.

Analysis on the future of dairy prices by Rabobank

Following Fonterra’s modification of the farmgate milk price prediction earlier today, RaboResearch Senior Agricultural Analyst Emma Higgins provides analysis below.

The farmgate milk price forecast has been drastically revised. Fonterra has reduced its prior midpoint of $8.00/kgMS by $1.00/kgMS, with a new midpoint of $7.00/kgMS for the current 2023/24 milk production season. The new milk price estimate range is $6.25/kgMS to $7.75/kgMS.

Before dawn, it is always the darkest.

Dairy commodity prices are currently lower than 5-year norms after this week’s GDT auction. This is a big movement in dairy commodity price, which has been occurring since the second quarter of last year. It will be difficult for individuals who are going through this moment of transition.

Costs have risen 13% year on year. The agricultural price expenditure index for Q1 2023 reveals that total input prices increased 13% year on year (Q1 23 vs. Q1 22). Interest rates are the greatest movers (+50% year on year), followed by fertilizer (+11% year on year), dairy shed expenditures (+11%) year on year, and insurance premiums (+9% year on year). At the same time, Fonterra’s farmgate projection mid-point fell 11% year on year.

Fonterra’s newest farmgate predicted mid-point (August 2023) is 24% lower than the same time in 2022.

The drop is primarily due to decreasing import demand from China, which is now experiencing a milk boom that has been building for many years. Production growth is moderating, which is what markets want for rebalancing, but the pace of increase in the first half of 2023 has surpassed our expectations. Milk supply increased 7.5% year on year in the first half of 2023, with a slowing in Q2 compared to Q1.

The dairy commodities markets are going through another cycle.

The markets are now sluggish and tough. However, we do not believe that this is a super-cycle slump.

For comparison, during the dairy slump (seasons 2014/15 – 2015/16), the milk price fell from $8.40/kgMS (2013/14) to $4.40/kgMS (2014/15). When adjusted for inflation, it equates to the milk price in today’s terms falling from over $10.60/kgMS to $5.50/kgMS.
There are some signs of hope for pricing out there.

The triggers for a rebalancing inside China are in action, as indicated in our recent Agri Monthly report (attached). Milk prices are falling, cost pressures are increasing, and farm growth is stalling. China is reopening, but demand settings remain weak and unpredictable.

RaboResearch argues that inventory levels in dairy markets are low outside of China. This is a significant departure from the Dairy Downturn era, when certain dairy commodity prices, notably SMP, were under pressure for a prolonged length of time because to EU intervention inventories. Another significant distinction between the Dairy Downturn and this time is that the supply picture is considerably more modest. Whether it’s pricing pressure in the US, weather concerns in parts of the EU, or even El Nino dangers in the future, the challenge for milk supply growth from key exporting nations is evident.

In the future, New Zealand milk production will need consistent weather. Budgets will not appreciate spring storms or anything going wrong in the closing months of winter.

Rabobank is presently working on its third quarter dairy quarterly report, which will contain an updated milk price estimate. This is scheduled to be published in early September.

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