Archive for Mating Recommendations

Our recent article on the relative merit of polled (Holstein) dairy cattle may not have garnered the attention of many breeders. (Read more: Polled Dairy Genetics: The Cold Hard Facts) But for those that are seeing the consumer writing on the wall and foresee the need to genetically take the horns off cattle, we wish to document what’s hot in polled.  Before considering the lists, we strongly suggest that you reflect on two things: 1) how you plan to generate revenue from the genetics in your herd; and 2) how you plan to decrease costs from using sires. (Read more: What’s The Plan?) The breeding business has changed (Read more: Where did the money go?) As you confirm adding polled to your sire selection criteria it is an excellent time to decide which index will be your primary one.

Decide. Don’t Ride the Fence.

Nothing’s perfect. That applies to which total merit index to use just as it does to the fact that there are no perfect bulls. However defaulting to using the bull your neighbour uses or the one that the semen salesman is promoting (Read more: Rumors, Lies, and other stuff Salesmen will tell you) is avoiding some very important planning for your herd. The financial future of your farm depends on using the index that will meet your needs five to ten years in the future. It is never too soon to plan for YOUR future.

Select an Index and Stick to It

Every major dairy cattle breeding country publishes a total merit index (Read more: Total Merit Indexes: Are they helping or hurting?).   The bull listings below are broken out by various indexes and bull groupings. This is a two stage process. Pick your index then pick your bull(s). I remind you that the Bullvine strongly recommends that, when using genomic bulls that you do use more than one or two bulls in order to spread risk. If you are looking to win in the show ring, we leave the formula you use up to you. Likely you will use PTAT or CONF as your primary selection criteria.

If You`re Undecided

If you are not certain on which index to use, The Bullvine recommends that for breeders who’s primary income is the milk check, you use NM$ or BEI.

Polled Bulls Ranked by gTPI

 Table 1 Polled Bulls Ranked by gTPI™

Reg. NoNameClassScoreSire NameOwner(s)
HOCANF7769975EBYHOLME GOLDWYN MARCIAEX96BRAEDALE GOLDWYNPLEASANT NOOK FARM, AYR, ON, (519) 632-1109
HOCANF7736316EASTSIDE GOLD OCEAN ETEX94BRAEDALE GOLDWYNJ. GUY THOMPSON & SON, FRENCHFORT, PE, (902) 629-5176
HOCANF9520762ARETHUSA-I GOLD MARCHEEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCRASDALE FARMS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-3515
HOCANF104865809AU SOLEIL GOLDWYN POLLINEEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFERME AU SOLEIL LEVANT (1999) INC, UPTON, PQ, (450) 549-4803
HOCANF9663521COXLYN FIREWORKS PANSYEX93MORSAN FIREWORKSJIM PHOENIX, UXBRIDGE, ON, (905) 852-6936
HOCANF9561777CRAGGAN LHEROS NICOLAEX93COMESTAR LHEROSBERNADALE HOLSTEIN, RICHMOND, PE, (902) 854-2965
HOCANF7796726IDEE MR SAM LYZZEX93REGANCREST-MR DRHAM SAM-ETCRASDALE FARMS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-3515
HOCANF105210974JACOBS MINISTER AIMAEX93MR MINISTERFERME JACOBS INC, CAP SANTE, PQ, (418) 285-2674
HOCANF104928097LESPEREE DOLMAN FAKTILOUEX93REGANCREST DOLMAN-ETFERME L'ESPEREE ENR, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 469-1755
HOCANF102526714CLOUDIS BRADLEY SURPRISEEX93ROCKALLI BRADLEYFERME DUCHESNE HOLSTEIN, CHICOUTIMI, PQ, (418) 698-0311
HOCANF7406350COMBINATION CHAMPION LORENAEX93CALBRETT-I H H CHAMPIONCOMBINATION HOLSTEINS LTD, KESWICK RIDGE, NB, (506) 363-8902
HOCANF7642315FUNDY GOLDWYN NAULAEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNALLEN & JACQUELINE BENT, LAWRENCETOWN, NS, (902) 825-6013
HOCANF101075538GROSPERE STORMATIC HELIEEX93COMESTAR STORMATICLA FERME GROSPERE INC, SACRE COEUR, PQ, (418) 236-9152
HOCANF102118392LABRISE TALENT LILYANEEX93LADINO PARK TALENT-IMP-ETFERME LABRISE INC, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 772-2695
HOCANF102392405LYSEM CHAMPION DAISYEX93CALBRETT-I H H CHAMPIONFERME LYSEM S.E.N.C, ST. SEVERE, PQ, (819) 264-5535
HOCANF104151514BERGEROY TOYSTORY ROUSSYEX92JENNY-LOU MRSHL TOYSTORY-ETDELAPOINTE INC, UPTON, PQ, (450) 549-5230
HOCANF7937697CITYVIEW SHOTTLE ACEEX92PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETFERME YVON SICARD, ST. JUSTIN, PQ, (819) 227-2067
HOCANF9752057COBEQUID GOLDWYN VITORIAEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCOBEQUID HOLSTEINS, UPPER ONSLOW, NS, (902) 986-8904
HOCANF9779513EBY016 B G EASTER LILLYEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNAMAREN LANE FARM, BRANCHTON, ON, (519) 621-0899
HOCANF7536968ELMLEAF GOLDWYN SPECIALEEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNROBERT RAY & SONS, ROSLIN, ON, (613) 477-2421
HOCANF9654787GOLDENFLO DAMION ELUSIVEEX92ERBACRES DAMIONMACBEATH FARMS LTD, MARSHFIELD, PE, (902) 628-8348
HOCANF104538851LYSEM STORMATIC MANDARINEEX92COMESTAR STORMATICFERME LYSEM S.E.N.C, ST. SEVERE, PQ, (819) 264-5535
HOCANF9738245MAPLEKEYS GOLDWYN CINNAMONEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNMAPLEKEYS FARMS, AYLMER, ON, (519) 765-4359
HOCANF9569905PASCOBAC GOLDWYN MANDISAEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNPASCOBAC HOLSTEINS INC, BELLEISLE CREEK, NB, (506) 485-1095
HOCANF8904143SPEEDSIDE DEMOLISH BRIANNEEX92BUDJON-NITZY DEMOLISH-ETADAM WITMER, WOODSTOCK, ON, (519) 462-2888
HOCANF9628508SUNREST LHEROS DUCHESSEX92COMESTAR LHEROSSUNREST FARM, JOYCEVILLE, ON, (613) 382-7965
HOCANF8915868THERINDALE SPIRTE MILLYEX92CEDARWAL SPIRTETHERINDALE FARMS INC, NORTH MILTON, PE, (902) 368-2002
HOCANF7879712WILSONBURG BLITZ GINNYEX92FUSTEAD EMORY BLITZ-ETNORTH TAY FARMS LTD, NORTH TAY, NB, (506) 367-2745
HOCANF103014804ARLA GIBSON WINNIAEX92SILKY GIBSONCONRAD RIENDEAU, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 469-2991
HOCANF7980690BARGEOLANE NEWTON ADORATIONEX92SILLSWAY LHEROS NEWTONBARGEOLANE FARMS, WARSAW, ON, (705) 652-6111
HOCANF7931446BIRKENTREE C O COMFORTEX92COMESTAR OUTSIDEBIRKENTREE HOLSTEINS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-2021
HOCANF9203982COMBINATION ZONE GERTAEX92FUTURALAND ZONE-ETCOMBINATION HOLSTEINS LTD, KESWICK RIDGE, NB, (506) 363-8902
HOCANF7921106CROSSGROVE MODEST TEMPEREX92REGANCREST-LH MODEST-ETDARRYL AUSTIN, WHYCOCOMAGH, NS, (902) 756-3270
HOCANF104205843DES HAUTS PRES STORMATIC CURYEX92COMESTAR STORMATICFERME DES HAUTS PRES L'ISLET INC, L'ISLET, PQ, (418) 247-3138
HOCANF103710525DESDEUXLACS ALLEN EGLANTINEEX92CANYON-BREEZE ALLEN-ETLA FERME HUDON & FILS INC, ST. ANACLET, PQ, (418) 723-9674
HOCANF104103877DUPOTIER GOLDWYN FEEEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFERME DUPOTIER INC, ST. DONAT, PQ, (418) 739-5095
HOCANF8875244ENGLIDALE SS GLADYSEX92PURSUIT SEPTEMBER STORMENGLIDALE FARMS, LINDSAY, ON, (705) 328-0989
HOCANF7953866LEXIS GOLDWYN CURRYEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNHOWARDVALE HOLSTEINS, BREADALBANE, PE, (902) 886-2643
HOCANF7727024LONGVIEW BLITZ MOMENTOEX92FUSTEAD EMORY BLITZ-ETDONALD G. BOSTWICK, KINGSTON, NB, (506) 763-2943
HOCANF9610008MILLEN LOMAX ROSIEEX92FORTALE LOMAXMILLEN FARMS, OMEMEE, ON, (705) 292-5144
HOCANF104227502MYOSOTIS SEPTEMBER GENTILLYEX92PURSUIT SEPTEMBER STORMCLEMENT OSTIGUY & SYLVIE DEMERS, MARIEVILLE, PQ, (450) 460-3566
HOCANF103018724REJOGA DUNDEE CONNIEEX92REGANCREST DUNDEE-ETFERME GARONDALE, ST. DENIS, PQ, (418) 498-2341
HOCANF9533375SELBYVALE SPIRTE KRIMSONEX92CEDARWAL SPIRTEWILLIAM HAROLD ROBINSON, SELBY, ON, (613) 388-2641
HOCANF7975144SPRINGBEND PRIMETIME SYNERGYEX92WINDY-KNOLL-VIEW PRIMETIMEFERME YVON SICARD, ST. JUSTIN, PQ, (819) 227-2067
HOCANF8915873THERINDALE DRAKE CRISTCOEX92FAR-O-LA DEBBIE-JO DRAKE-ETTHERINDALE FARMS INC, NORTH MILTON, PE, (902) 368-2002
HOCANF7749332TOMALYNN DUNDEE MARISAEX92REGANCREST DUNDEE-ETTOMALYNN FARMS, OMEMEE, ON, (705) 799-6147
HOCANF7864081WALKERBRAE DAMION BRONTEEX92ERBACRES DAMIONWALKERBRAE FARMS, GUELPH, ON, (519) 824-0796
HOCANF7718343WEEKSDALE ALLEN LOLAEX92CANYON-BREEZE ALLEN-ETELMER WEEKS, BREADALBANE, PE, (902) 886-2152

From Table 1 it can be seen that genomic polled bulls far surpass the proven ones when it comes to gTPI™.  All bulls in Table 1 are heterozygous for the polled gene and will leave 50% of their progeny polled.

Polled Bulls Ranked by gLPI

Table 2 Polled Bulls Ranked by gLPI

NameID%RHAUdder ScoreFeet & Legs ScoreFinal ScoreAge OwnerState
JOLEANNA GOLD POURINRAIN-ETUSA 1405575761009186892-08Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
GOLDIE SANCHEZ CHARDONAY-ETUSA 1405673221009085892-09Rustin Herr, Fay-Del Holsteins & Joseph LusbyPA
R-E-W HAPPY GO LUCKY-ETUSA 1408673011009186892-03Jeff Butler, Joe, Amber, Jeff & Terry PriceIL
MISS CALIFORNIA-REDUSA 695618801009090892-08Ernest W. KueffnerMD
OAKFIELD GOLD TOPAZ-ET8400030069887121009084882-09Austin Yoder & Matthias SwartzGA
CRAVE DUSK PENNY 6262840003007148508988785882-03Roseanne L CraveWI
CHARWILL ATTIC MARCYCAN 110346161008885882-03Gen-Com Holstein Ltd
DOUGAL LEA GOLDWYN DANITA-ETCAN 111765121008790882-03Gen-Com Holstein Ltd
WHITTIER-FARMS AMAZN SAMMYUSA 1406596341008888882-11Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
WHITTIER-FARMS SHAQ CRISTENUSA 1409047071008887882-06Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
VT-POND-VIEW CRUMBLE JAS-ETUSA 1410803091008790882-07Christopher LillyMA
JOY-WIL DUNDEE MILLIE-ETUSA 1411994521009083882-05Paige HostetterPA
LUCK-E SANCHEZ DEDRAUSA 666627411008986882-09Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ABSOLUTE TANGOUSA 666627521009086882-08James A. DunnPA
JAUQUET ANORA ATWOOD-ETUSA 687859931009086882-10Tyler & Nathan JauquetWI
HILROSE ADVENT ANNA-RED-ETUSA 690051171009086882-11Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
GREENLEA-TM DES BEA-RED-ETUSA 690567531008886882-10Milk Source LLCWI
NOR-WAY-PETE SANCHEZ STACYUSA 691301431008888882-09Andrew R. PetersonWI
GOLDEN-OAKS GWYN CLASSY-ETUSA 692150091008885882-08Kings-Ransom Farm LLCNY
SWANEE-ACRES SHO ECSTASYUSA 692703701009087882-09Jason A. SwansonIL
MILKSOURCE GLDWN LADYBUG-ETUSA 695922251009086882-04Milk Source LLCWI
ARETHUSA SANCHEZ DICE-ETUSA 704020811009090882-03Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
OAKFIELD-BRO AT FINANCE-ET8400030069890821008785872-04Adam J KingNY
BRACKLEYFARM CHELIOS CHERRIOCAN 108480751008786872-03Milk Source LLCWI
ROCKYMOUNTAIN MANOMAN DIMPL-ETCAN 109452301008886872-07Alphagen Syndicate & Ferme Jolicap IncWI
CHURCH-SITE SHOT PU PU-ETUSA 1405309311008785872-09James E. WautierWI
JOLEANNA RAIN GOOD THING-ETUSA 1405575581008787872-08Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
GLENNLAWN SNCHZ ELEGANT-ETUSA 1405668991008787872-09Brianna AdamavichWI
OVALTOP ADVENT JANUSA 1405708091008686872-10Douglas H. WolfeNY
GUS-WIND DQUSA 1405724451008686872-11Gus Wind HolsteinsWI
HFM MR SAM KIWIUSA 1405729401008788872-09Matthew SharpeNY
BVK ATWOOD ABBATHA-ETUSA 1406589961008685872-09World-Wide Sires Germany
WHITTIER-FARMS ASHOCK AMBERUSA 1406605021008787872-10Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
HEADLINE TERRASON DIXIEUSA 1406715191008687872-09Nicole M. HeadNY
BKB AFTERSHOCK AMORILLO-ETUSA 1406796741008790872-09Ranway Farms LLC, Devlyn Hurley & Harry LuskNY
JOLEANNA SHAMPOO MANDEVILLAUSA 1407324451008784872-06Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
WHITTIER-CF ATWOD LEGACY-ETUSA 1409089431008590872-03Todd J. Whittier & Cybil L. FisherMA
OVALTOP ADVNT FALLON-RED-ETUSA 1409211731008788872-05Michael D. WolfeNY
KISSAMEE GOLDWYN VIPER-ETUSA 1410016211008787872-06Christopher F. & Stephanie A. AndersonNY
JOY-WIL DUNDEE MACKENZIE-ETUSA 1411994431008786872-05Paige HostetterPA
DUPASQUIER GLDWYN ROZLYN-ETUSA 1412284151008785872-06Brett & Brennan WokerIL
HAZELS ATWOOD HARRIET-ETUSA 1413237721008786872-04Clark W. Woodmansee IIICT
GRANNY-ANNE VELVET LYLAUSA 660882041008883872-11Eugene S. Merriman, Jr.NY
CURR-VALE SHOTTLE DELIGHTUSA 664014681008885872-09Jessica Mae CurrieNY
CURR-VALE SHOTTLE CALI-ETUSA 664014781008785872-09Kayla CurrieNY
WILSTAR RS TALENT LILLY-ETUSA 666252751008882872-09Wilstar HolsteinsWI
BKB ATWOOD ADDY-ETUSA 666253471008785872-06Richmond Farms DairyNY
LUCK-E ATWOOD ANGELUSA 666627731008788872-07Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ADVENT COREENAUSA 666627861008786872-06Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ADVENT KIATA-ETUSA 666628201008786872-02Matt L. EngelIL
CO-VALE LUCAS 3635USA 66778501968786872-07Bradley CatesNY
CO-VALE TALENT JEN-ETUSA 667785161008886872-06Jason RandallNY
WALKER-FARM GABOR ELIZAUSA 667785821008687872-03Kate E. CurrieNY
GROVES-VU ALEXANDER RAKELUSA 667824961008686872-11Todd & Brad GrovesMO
SURE-VIEW SHOTTLE 309-ETUSA 686503241008787872-07Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
JAUQUET ARDELIS ATWOODUSA 687860081009087872-09Tyler & Nathan JauquetWI
LEW-LIN DUNDEE TIDBITUSA 687935231008687872-09Garnet T Weaver IIINY
LADYS-MANOR GOLD DENVER-ETUSA 688033791008784872-08Markland Registered HolsteinsNY
HILROSE SANCHEZ TAURUS-ETUSA 690051271008882872-10Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
HILROSE SIDNEY PERUUSA 690051361008782872-09Andrew BrantmeierWI
HILROSE BALTIMOR PENNY-ETUSA 690051791008586872-03Jeff BrantmeierWI
FARMDALE BRAXTON BERRYUSA 690384561008586872-09Michael J. SchoessowWI
MONANFRAN EXPLODE MARIONUSA 690852421009182872-09Jason E. KelseyNY
WOODLAWN STRMATIC DHARMA-ETUSA 690925101008885872-10Clark W. Woodmansee IIICT
RICHMOND-FD S BARBARA-ETUSA 693050431009085872-06John L. RichmondNY
MS CRESCENTMEAD DANIE-ETUSA 694361111008785872-04Budjon Farms, Peter C. Vail & Pierre BouletWI
ARETHUSA MAGICAL AMBITIONUSA 695623581008688872-09Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
ARETHUSA GOLDWYN ANNABELLEUSA 695623591008784872-09Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
MILKSOURCE ATWD ATLANTA-ETUSA 695922131008785872-06Milk Source LLCWI
MILKSOURCE LEWIS AUBURNUSA 695922361008988872-03MacArthur OstromWI
SHEMA ATWOOD ROXY-ETUSA 696281611008985872-05Marlin J. BontragerIA
KEVREL PLANET MIA-ETUSA 697530761009083872-05F. Kevin LeavertonMD
ERNEST-ANTHONY BLYTHEUSA 703017531008885872-02Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
ARETHUSA GOLDWYN ARIANA-ETUSA 703051761008886872-03Arethusa Farm, LLCCT

Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

Again note that genomic polled bulls far exceed their proven counterparts as in Table 1. All bulls in Table 2 are heterozygous for the polled gene.

Polled Bulls Ranked by NM$

Table 3 Polled Bulls Ranked by Net Merit (NM$)

NameBirthLPISireDam Name
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2355-ET12-Nov3840SUPERSIREDE-SU 520-ET
T-GEN-AC SRGNT JANALUNA-ET12-Dec3833SARGEANTBENNER FORK JANARDAN
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALISA-ET12-Nov3758MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
MATCREST MOGUL GLOBE-ET12-Nov3672MOGULZAHBULLS MASSEY GINA
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALYN-ET12-Nov3668MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
WELCOME MOGUL PATTS-ET12-Nov3651MOGULWELCOME BOOKEM PAISLEY-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYA-ET12-Nov3638MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINIE-ET12-Nov3622SUPERSIREUNIQUE-STYLE BOLTON MONEY
DE-SU UNO 2381-ET12-Nov3613NUMERO UNODE-SU 526-ET
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2832-ET12-Nov3564NUMERO UNOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAVEE-ET12-Nov3548MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
CLEAR-ECHO MCUTCHEN 2820-ET12-Oct3546MCCUTCHENCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2360-ET12-Nov3543SUPERSIREDE-SU 709-ET
SYNERGY MOGUL SNOWHITE-ET12-Dec3541MOGULSURE-VIEW OMAN SHIMMER-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHN QUEEN-ET12-Nov3523MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 162812-Nov3514SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
S-S-I SPRSIRE MELOSA8473-ET12-Nov3513SUPERSIRES-S-I BOOKEM MODESTO7269-ET
RONELEE SUPERSIRE TARYN-ET12-Nov3499SUPERSIRETIPTOP MANOMAN TALA 1843-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN DEE-ET12-Nov3498MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
SILVERRIDGE MOGUL AVOCATE12-Oct3489MOGULVELTHUIS SG MOM ALICIA
LARCREST CARDIGAN-ET12-Oct3468NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALE-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2337-ET12-Nov3462SUPERSIREDE-SU 520-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALEE-ET12-Nov3449MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
FARNEAR MCCUTCHEN 162412-Nov3443MCCUTCHENB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
RI-VAL-RE SNOWMAN NIKKI-ET12-Oct3435SNOWMANRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR NIKKI-ET
TRUSTMORE APRICOT MOGUL12-Oct3433MOGULVELTHUIS SG MOM ALICIA
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2833-ET12-Nov3432NUMERO UNOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
SPH YENNIE12-Nov3412MOGULYVETTE (DOMAIN X YELONDA)
RI-VAL-RE SUPRSRE NIKALA-ET12-Dec3412SUPERSIRERI-VAL-RE SUPER NADINE-ET
431212915112-Sep3402FACECYFEE
BOSSIDE MOGUL TESSA-ET12-Nov3385MOGULFARNEAR-REGAN TOAST-ET
ABBY-CONTOUR MOGUL DAISY-ET12-Nov3385MOGULABBY-CONTOUR DOMAIN DORA-ET
OCD MCCUTCH CLAIRE DANES-ET12-Oct3382MCCUTCHENCURR-VALE OBSERVER DELTA-ET
SEAGULL-BAY SH MAUREEN-ET12-Nov3364NUMERO UNOAMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2335-ET12-Nov3364SUPERSIREDE-SU 709-ET
SANDY-VALLEY MOGUL AMBER-ET12-Nov3362MOGULSANDY-VALLEY IO AMETHYST-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYE-ET12-Nov3362MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
S-S-I SHAN MOANA 8515-ET12-Nov3357SHANS-S-I OBSERV MANTECA7197-ET
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL IZZY-ET12-Dec3347MOGULRI-VAL-RE GOLDWYN NADINE
DES-Y-GEN HEFTY STATIC12-Oct3344HEFTYDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILKY
BOLDI MOGUL LOUISE12-Oct3343MOGULMSCHARTROIS PLANET LEONI-ET
OCONNORS MOGUL LARK12-Nov3343MOGULMAPEL WOOD M O M LUCY
SUDAN X NN12-Jul3334SUDANNN
SPEEK-NJ MOGUL DALIA 370-ET12-Oct3333MOGULREGAN-ALH PLANET DELORIA-ET
STANTONS MOGUL ELOISE12-Nov3333MOGULSTANTONS SUPER ELDA
OCD MCCUTCHEN DESIREE-ET12-Oct3330MCCUTCHENCURR-VALE OBSERVER DELTA-ET
RR R12-Nov3323MIXER
VISSTEIN ALINDE12-Sep3321HUNTERVISSTEIN CARINA
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2788-ET12-Sep3321LEXORCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2280-ET
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6881-ET12-Oct3320NUMERO UNOCO-OP BOLIVER YOYO-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN LIA-ET12-Nov3318MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR NIKKI-ET
CEDARWAL MITCH EMMY12-Oct3317MITCHCEDARWAL MANOMAN EMERALD
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GAILA-ET12-Nov3316SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2352-ET12-Nov3315MCCUTCHENDE-SU 9990-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161012-Dec3313SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PERU-ET12-Nov3311SUPERSIREL-L-M-DAIRY J STREAM PROCKY
STANTONS MOGUL CINDY12-Nov3306MOGULMS CHASSITY OBS CLAIRE-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN EVE-ET12-Nov3301MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
DE-SU ODADDY 2383-ET12-Nov3299DADDYDE-SU 719-ET
DE-SU ODADDY 2327-ET12-Nov3299DADDYDE-SU 719-ET
TJR MCCUTCHEN DIAMOND-ET12-Dec3296MCCUTCHENMORNINGVIEW SUPER DEANN
DE-SU OBSERVER 224612-Oct3287OBSERVERDE-SU 76-ET
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2323-ET12-Nov3286MCCUTCHENRMW SUPER ARIANE-ET
RED-OAK-DB MOGUL LEIGH-ET12-Oct3282MOGULRED-OAK-DB O MAN LEAD
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2787-ET12-Sep3280LEXORCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2280-ET
MS ADERYN MC ABIGAIL-ET12-Oct3279MCCUTCHENKHW SUPER ADERYN-ET
STANTONS MOGUL EDWYNN12-Nov3271MOGULSTANTONS OBSERVER EXPOSE
SYNERGY MOGUL SHARONA-ET12-Dec3270MOGULSURE-VIEW OMAN SHIMMER-ET
FLY-HIGHER SUPSIRE MINNI-ET12-Nov3269SUPERSIREFLY-HIGHER BOLTON MISHA-ET
DE-SU MOGUL 233312-Nov3267MOGULDE-SU 502-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161512-Dec3267SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
FARNEAR MCCUTCHEN 162112-Nov3241MCCUTCHENB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
SULLHRTFORD MOGUL 371-ET12-Oct3240MOGULSULLY HART DOMAIN 133-ET
CO-OP UNO SYDNEY 6886-ET12-Oct3240NUMERO UNOFUSTEAD SYDNEY CRI-ET
CNN DEHLI12-Oct3238MOGULBOGART X DREAM 1
SUNDAY12-Nov3237MOGULSUNSHINE
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161412-Dec3234SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
EDG STICTH MOGUL STAR-ET12-Oct3232MOGULGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
LEOTHE MOM WRAP DUFFY12-Oct3230WRAPLEOTHE BAXTER DAPHNEE
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2353-ET12-Nov3228MCCUTCHENDE-SU 489-ET
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINDY-ET12-Nov3226SUPERSIREUNIQUE-STYLE BOLTON MONEY
COOMBOONA SNOWMAN BOLTA-IMP-ET12-Jul3226SNOWMANWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
MS WELCOME EPIC LAILA-ET12-Nov3221EPICMSWELCOME OBSERVER LAURI-ET
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GALES-ET12-Nov3220SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE
ROCKYMOUNTAIN UNO CLARISA12-Oct3216NUMERO UNOLARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
FUSTEAD UNO LOVE-ET12-Aug3215NUMERO UNOGLEN-TOCTIN BOLT LUCILLE-ET
S-S-I UNO MIRANDA 8503-ET12-Nov3213NUMERO UNO
RIVER-BRIDGE D DAY 40028-ET12-Oct3210DAYCO-OP RB PLANET YANNA-ET
S-S-I DADDY EARTHA 8461-ET12-Nov3209DADDYS-S-I ROBUST ECALON 7257-ET
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL EVETTE-ET12-Dec3205MOGULRI-VAL-RE GOLDWYN NADINE
DE-SU LAYNE 2359-ET12-Nov3202LAYNECLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2150-ET
NORTH-ECHO NUM UNO 2813-ET12-Oct3200NUMERO UNONORTH-ECHO BOOKEM 2305-ET
EVER-GREEN-VIEW ASP12-Oct3199MOGULBROEKS ASPEN-ET
CLEAR-ECHO SUPERSIRE 283012-Nov3198SUPERSIRECOOKIECUTTER BOWS HOMONY-ET
CO-OP DAY CLASSY 6832-ET12-Sep3193DAYCO-OP PLANET CLASSY-ET
SONRAY-ACRES SOC OBSERVR VI11-Jan3191OBSERVERSONRAY-ACRES SHOT SOCRTS PI
CO-OP DAY SYDNEY 6838-ET12-Sep3186DAYFUSTEAD SYDNEY CRI-ET
STANTONS MOGUL JESSICA12-Nov3184MOGULSTANTONS FREDDIE CAMEO
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE DAPHNE-ET12-Dec3182SUPERSIREPINE-TREE SHARLA DAPHNE-ET
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GENEVA-ET12-Nov3180SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE

For Net Merit ($) polled bulls are still far behind the 900+ values being seen today by horned bulls. That will change 3-4 years after breeders and breeding companies that use NMS as their primary index begin to place emphasis on having polled cattle. Compared to the gTPI™ list there is some re-ranking of the bulls at the top for Net Merit. In other words, there is not perfect bull.

Polled Bulls Ranked by BEI

Table 4   Polled Bulls Ranked by BEI (Bullvine Efficiency Index)

NameBirthdateSireGTPI*Owner
LARCREST CARDIGAN-ET10/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2634Jon E. Larson
DE-SU UNO 2381-ET11/18/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2616Darin Meyer
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2355-ET11/9/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2615Darin Meyer
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALISA-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2588Tim Clark
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2360-ET11/11/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2554De Su Holsteins LLC
HFP LUCETTE8/22/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2539Alta Genetics Inc - USA Bulls
OCD MCCUTCHEN DUCHESS-ET10/28/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2538Oakfield Corners Dairy
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2349-ET11/7/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2517De Su Holsteins LLC
LARCREST CRAYON-ET10/31/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2512Jon E. Larson
CLEAR-ECHO SUPERSIRE 283011/3/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2512Clear Echo Farm LLC
DE-SU LAYNE 2359-ET11/11/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2511De Su Holsteins LLC
MS EMILY ELIORA-ET12/3/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2508Trans-America Genetics
SEAGULL-BAY SH MAUREEN-ET11/5/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2503Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
COYNE-FARMS SROCK JACKLE-ET10/26/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2494Coyne Farms Inc.
S-S-I DEAN BROXTON 8519-ET11/24/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2484Select Sires Inc.
MATCREST MOGUL GLOBE-ET11/30/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2483Matt & Brad Johnson
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAVEE-ET11/21/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2480Tim Clark
SULLHRTFORD MOGUL 371-ET10/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2479Robert Eustice & Mike Sullivan
WELCOME MOGUL PATTS-ET11/9/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2479Welcome Stock Farm LLC
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PHAWN-ET11/18/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2476L-L-M Dairy
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINIE-ET11/29/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2475Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
SANDY-VALLEY UNO ADDISON-ET11/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2475Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
DE-SU UNO 2294-ET10/22/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2471De Su Holsteins LLC
SPEEK-NJ MOGUL DALIA 370-ET10/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2469Robert J. Eustice
OCD MCCUTCHEN DESIREE-ET10/30/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2468Oakfield Corners Dairy
RONELEE FEELING FANCY-ET8/14/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2462Sherman Polinder
COYNE-FARMS MOGUL MIA-ET10/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2461Coyne Farms Inc.
MS DREARY DRUSIE-ET12/5/2012ROYLANE BOXER PUNCH 4311-ET2459Trans-America Genetics
DE-SU ODADDY 2302-ET10/24/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2458De Su Holsteins LLC
TJR MCCUTCHEN DIAMOND-ET12/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2456TJR Genetics
COURT-US-MS UNO DOSE-ET8/20/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2454Scott & Shane Courtney & Mark
T-GEN-AC SRGNT JANALUNA-ET12/5/2012SEAGULL-BAY SARGEANT-ET2454Tim Clark
CO-OP UNO SYDNEY 6886-ET10/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2450Genesis Cooperative Herd
DE-SU UNO 2312-ET10/29/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2448De Su Holsteins LLC
VISION-GEN CAM A14142-ET10/2/2012SHEMA JEEVES CAMERON-ET2447VISION GENETICS
MS APPLES UNO ARMANA-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2446Apple Partners LLC
CO-OP DAY CLASSY 6832-ET9/15/2012MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET2442Genesis Cooperative Herd
PINE-TREE 4233 MOGU 5523-ET10/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2440Matthew J. Steiner
SANDY-VALLEY UNO SAGE-ET10/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2438Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE DAPHNE-ET12/2/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2437Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
MS ADERYN MC ABIGAIL-ET10/25/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2437Dennis Caudil
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYA-ET11/22/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2437Tim Clark
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4536-ET11/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2435David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
PLAIN-KNOLL NMROUNO 6494-ET11/21/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2433Buschur Dairy Inc.
AURORA MOGUL 13446-ET11/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2433Aurora Ridge Dairy LLC
PREHEN SHAMROCK LADY ET9/7/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2433Holstein UK
SCO-LO-KRUSE DEAN CANDY-ET10/29/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2432John Cannon & Rob Kruse
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6881-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2431Genesis Cooperative Herd
OCD SS SOLEIL MOON FRYE-ET10/26/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2430Oakfield Corners Dairy
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALYN-ET11/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2428Tim Clark
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6883-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2427Genesis Cooperative Herd
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4535-ET11/14/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2426David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
S-S-I DADDY EARTHA 8461-ET11/1/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2425Select Sires Inc.
NORTH-ECHO NUM UNO 2813-ET10/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2425Clear Echo Farm LLC & North Fo
SANDY-VALLEY UNO SCARLET-ET10/6/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2425Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
ROSYLANE-LLC SHAMROCK 577611/18/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2424Rosy-Lane Holsteins LLC
MS GOLD-N-OAKS ADORE2500-ET7/8/2012GENERVATIONS EPIC2422Arabell Syndicate
VISION-GEN CAM A14166-ET10/12/2012SHEMA JEEVES CAMERON-ET2422VISION GENETICS
JOLICAP LAYNE DELPHINIUM-ET11/3/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2422Ferme Jolicap Inc
RONELEE SUPERSIRE TARYN-ET11/13/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2422Sherman Polinder
S-S-I UNO MARYANN 8526-ET11/27/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2422Select Sires Inc.
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2787-ET9/2/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2421Clear Echo Farm LLC
MS ADERYN MC ALLIE-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2420Dennis Caudil
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2352-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2419De Su Holsteins LLC
S-S-I DADDY KACEY 8471-ET11/3/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2419Select Sires Inc.
S-S-I SHAN MARSHA 8525-ET11/24/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2419Select Sires Inc.
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINDY-ET11/28/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2417Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
MS DREARY DREIMA-ETS11/10/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2417Trans-America Genetics
MS DREARY DREMA-ETS11/10/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2417Trans-America Genetics
LADIES-FIRST LXOR BANGLE-ET9/1/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2416Barbara Mountain & Ladies Firs
JERESA UNO PINEAPPLE-ET10/31/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2416Jere L & Teresa J Brubaker
RANSOM-RAIL MCCUTCH PING-ET10/11/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2415Ransom Rail Farms Inc.
S-S-I SHAN MOANA 8515-ET11/22/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2415Select Sires Inc.
TJR MCCUTCH DE-ANNA-ET11/10/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2415TJR Genetics
SANDY-VALLEY MOGUL AMBER-ET11/1/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2414Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
RANSOM-RAIL MCCUTCH PEG-ET10/11/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2414Ransom Rail Farms Inc.
BACON-HILL MOGUL EZRA-ET11/2/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2413Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
DE-SU UNO 2298-ET10/23/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2412De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2323-ET11/2/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2410De Su Holsteins LLC
CLAYTOP WHOLE LOTTA LOVE-ET6/23/2011LOTTA-HILL SHOTTLE 41-ET2408Jeffrey L. Paulen
WELCOME PARISH PRESTO-ET11/29/2012PLAIN-KNOLL PARISH 5534-ET2407Welcome Stock Farm LLC
LARCREST CREEK-ET11/2/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2406Jon E. Larson
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYE-ET11/22/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2404Tim Clark
SLO-TRAIN SHAM 34876/19/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2403Robert J. LaSalle
KERNDTWAY PETRONE DELTA-ET10/27/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2403Mark W. Kerndt
OCD MCCUTCHEN DAFNE-ET10/21/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2402Oakfield Corners Dairy
RONELEE UNO DARINGLY-ET10/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2401Sherman Polinder
S-S-I UNO MIRANDA 8503-ET11/15/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2400Select Sires Inc.
ATH-MOR UNO MIDNIGHT CRI-ET11/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2400Genesis Cooperative Herd
SPRUCE-HAVEN UNO KY14242-ET11/11/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2399Doug Young & James Nocek
BOSSIDE MOGUL TESSA-ET11/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2399John & Tineke Boschma
EDG BRYSHA UNO BREN-ET12/2/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2399Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2330-ET11/4/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2393De Su Holsteins LLC
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SERI-ETS10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Steven G. Holte
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SHANDA-ETS10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Steven G. Holte
LANDIS-MRK MOGUL ZANETA-ET11/1/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Robert E. Landis
RONELEE MOGUL DAVIANNA-ET10/8/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2390Sherman Polinder
EDG BRYSHA UNO BRISEN-ETS11/25/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
EDG BRYSHA UNO BRESEN-ETS11/25/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Jeffrey Butler
S-S-I SPRSIRE MELOSA8473-ET11/3/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2390Select Sires Inc.
LARCREST CREST-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Jon E. Larson
AB-TY NUMERO UNO BRIELLE-ET11/26/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2388AB-TY Genetics
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4539-ET11/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2387David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
MS DREARY DREAMAR-ET11/23/2012ROYLANE BOXER PUNCH 4311-ET2387Trans-America Genetics
WESSELCREST FACEB MAGGIE-ET1/25/2012MARBRI FACEBOOK2386Walt Brent & Jason Wessel
NO-FLA MOGUL STACY 34071-ET10/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2386North Florida Holsteins
S-S-I ASPEN MILA 8518-ET11/24/2012PINE-TREE ASPEN 223-ET2386Select Sires Inc.
S-S-I DADDY PRIMA 8452-ET10/31/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2385Select Sires Inc.
NORTH-ECHO LITHIUM 2778-ET8/23/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2385Clear Echo Farm LLC & North Fo
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6882-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2385Genesis Cooperative Herd
LEVEL-PLAIN ECOYNE COLA-ET9/9/2012ECOYNE ISY2385Keith A. Nettekoven
EDG STICTH MOGUL STAR-ET10/30/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2385Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PERU-ET11/15/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2384L-L-M Dairy
TJR MCCUTCHEN DICE-ET12/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2384TJR Genetics
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALEE-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2384Tim Clark
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2788-ET9/4/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2383Clear Echo Farm LLC
RICKLAND O-DADDY 446611/26/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2382Greg Rickert
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHN QUEEN-ET11/15/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2379Aaron Jorgensen
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2335-ET11/6/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2379De Su Holsteins LLC
HALL-LAR NUT 42610/18/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2379S. Larson & D. Hallberg
NO-FLA MOGUL TAMIA 34132-ET10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2378North Florida Holsteins
S-S-I SHAN SHARI 8517-ET11/22/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2378Select Sires Inc.
LARCREST CONCORD-ET10/26/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2378Jon E. Larson
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2833-ET11/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2378Clear Echo Farm LLC
SPEEK-NJ CINDY CRAWFORD-ET11/28/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2378Neil McDonah
DE-SU ODADDY 2383-ET11/18/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2378De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU LITHIUM 2299-ET10/24/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2377Darin Meyer
ABBY-CONTOUR MOGUL DAISY-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2377Randy & Sara Mikshowsky
HONEYCREST MOGUL FANFARE-ET9/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2376Honeycrest Farms Inc
DE-SU LITHIUM 2325-ET11/2/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2375Darin Meyer
SYNERGY MOGUL SNOWHITE-ET12/6/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2375Synergy Farm LLC
FUSTEAD UNO LOVE-ET8/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2375Brian & Wendy Fust
BACCHUS ELION 25/28/2012COOKIECUTTER MOM HUNTER-ET2375A L H Genetics BV
M-JAYBEE GRAFEETI 6252 96797/30/2012LADYS-MANOR RD GRAFEETI-ET2374Fiscalini Farms
NO-FLA PARADISE 33729-ET9/10/2012REGANCREST PARADISE-ET2372North Florida Holsteins
NO-FLA MAURICE RAE 34224-ET10/28/2012MOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET2372North Florida Holsteins
AURORA PERRY 13448-ET11/14/2012CO-OP UPD AL PERRY 4102372Aurora Ridge Dairy LLC
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4521-ET11/6/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2372David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
SONRAY-ACRES PTRN CRYSTL-ET11/17/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2371Paul G. Powell
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GALES-ET11/29/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2370Welcome Stock Farm LLC
OCD MCCUTCHEN DAWSYN-ET11/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2370Oakfield Corners Dairy
SPEEK-NJ PENELOPE CRUZ-ET11/27/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2370Neil McDonah
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE MAY-ET12/1/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2369Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
EVER-GREEN-VIEW ASP10/23/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2369Thomas J. Kestell
ATH-MOR UNO MAGIC CRI-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2369Genesis Cooperative Herd
S-S-I DEAN MINDA 8537-ET12/2/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2368Select Sires Inc.
SANDY-VALLEY UNO DOS-ET8/14/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
TUI CAYLEAH UNO-ET8/21/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Psuche L. & Curtis D. Hoffman
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2311-ET10/28/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2368De Su Holsteins LLC
KHW JOLICAP UNO ADELMA-ET11/23/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Ferme Jolicap Inc
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2353-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2367De Su Holsteins LLC
S-S-I FONSY SHAKIRA 8453-ET10/31/2012EVER-GREEN-VIEW FONSY-ET2367Select Sires Inc.
MATCREST LEXOR CHI CHI-ET10/30/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2366Matthew R. Johnson
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2337-ET11/6/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2366Darin Meyer
SYNERGY UNO PIZAZZ-ET12/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2365Synergy Farm LLC
SANDY-VALLEY MF AMARILLO-ET11/23/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2365Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
FROSTY-ROCK NUMERO UNO 94310/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2364Matt & Katie Stoll
BRU-DALE PETRONE ZELDA-ET11/1/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2364Michael R & Melissa M Brubaker
FLY-HIGHER SUPSIRE MINNI-ET11/22/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2363Fly-Higher Holsteins LLC
HONEYCREST MOGUL FANTASY-ET9/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2362Honeycrest Farms Inc
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SOLO-ET4/14/2012MISTY SPRINGS SUPERSONIC2361Steven G. Holte
DE-SU UNO 2306-ET10/26/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2359De Su Holsteins LLC
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL EVETTE-ET12/9/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2358Aaron Jorgensen
DE-SU MOGUL 2380-ET11/18/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2358De Su Holsteins LLC
SANDY-VALLEY MAY ABRIANA-ET11/24/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2358Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GAILA-ET11/26/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2356Welcome Stock Farm LLC
RI-VAL-RE SUPRSRE NIKALA-ET12/10/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2356Aaron Jorgensen
ANDERCREST MOGUL ALEXIS-ET11/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2356Brandon Anderson
BUSH-BROS UNO 4533-ET11/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2356David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
ARMSON MOGUL VIOLET-ET11/2/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2354Armson Farms LLC
WELCOME MCCUTCHEN SALLI-ET11/29/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2354Welcome Stock Farm LLC
RIVER-BRIDGE BUGGLES CRI-ET11/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2354Genesis Cooperative Herd
S-S-I UNO RAWNIE 8446-ET10/29/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2353Select Sires Inc.
VIEUXSAULE MAYFIELD DABNEY-ET10/24/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2353Trans-America Genetics
VISION-GEN SHA A14130-ET9/28/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2353VISION GENETICS
MD-MRK-OVF UNO MARGO-ET11/5/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2352Matthew R Kimball
SLO-TRAIN SHAM 85255/22/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2352Robert J. LaSalle
NO-FLA PARADISE 34011-ET10/9/2012REGANCREST PARADISE-ET2351North Florida Holsteins
JK EDER CREAMY11/16/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2351Eurogenes
GOLD-N-OAKS SB JULES2523-ET8/18/2012MR GOLDNOAKS SUPERBOWL-ET2351John & Judy Swenson
HENDEL MCTCHN ADRIA 3719-ET10/26/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2349Hendel Farms
DE-SU ODADDY 2327-ET11/3/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2349De Su Holsteins LLC
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4541-ET11/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2349David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
MORNINGVIEW ROBUST RADIO-ET6/30/2011ROYLANE SOCRA ROBUST-ET2349Tom J. Schmitt
AB-TY NUMERO UNO BRIUNA-ET11/24/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2349AB-TY Genetics
OCD MCCUTCHEN MADISON-ET11/7/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2348Oakfield Corners Dairy
T-GEN-AC LAYNE LYCKA-ET11/13/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2348Tim Clark
S-S-I SNOWMAN MELLY 8460-ET10/31/2012FLEVO GENETICS SNOWMAN-ET2347Select Sires Inc.
JC-KOW NUMERO UNO 473-ET11/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2346JC-Kow Farms LLC
N-SPRINGHOPE HDLINER YES-ET11/10/2012SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET2346J Kevin & Barbara Nedrow
EDG CLAIRE CAROLINA-ET10/23/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2345Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
DELCATH NUMERO-UNO JAYDA-ET10/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2345Gary L. Protzman
SANDY-VALLEY MOGL RAMONA-ET10/25/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2345Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
DE-SU UNO 2316-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2324-ET11/2/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MAYFIELD 235711/10/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU LITHIUM 2266-ET10/14/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2343De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU ODADDY 2304-ET10/25/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2343De Su Holsteins LLC
OCD MCCUTCHEN DUBLIN-ET10/30/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2343Oakfield Corners Dairy
COOKIECUTTER MOGUL HARBOR11/18/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2342Denise M. Dickinson

* Expressed relative to a value of 2000 set for the highest animal in the group using the CDN Customized Index Calculator
Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

For information on BEI follow this link (Read more: 30 Sires that will produce Feed Efficient Cows).  Between the top three bulls in Table 4 there is little difference when it comes to siring feed efficient cows. A s with Net merit (Table 3) bulls come to the top for BEI when they are rated for their daughters being moderate in stature and body depth, fertile, have moderate depth of udder, are able to resist mastitis, are able to calve in without difficulty (DCE or DCA) and have a long herd life.

PP Polled Bulls

Table 5 PP Bulls Ranked by BEI

CANADIANINTERNATIONALYOUNG SIRES
LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN-ETCO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY-ET
CRACKHOLM FEVERCOYNE-FARMS DORCY-ETSOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD-ET
BRAEDALE GOLDWYNDE-SU  CIMARRON-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET
ALLYNDALE-I ATTICUSBADGER-BLUFF FANNY FREDDIEMR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET
LIRR DREW DEMPSEYCERVI ALLEMAR ETCO-OP BOOKEM YUXI-ET
DE-SU GILLESPY-ETDE-SU GULF-ETCO-OP MASTER GENO-ET
GEN-I-BEQ BRAWLERBERTAIOLA MINCIO ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO ET
GILLETTE JORDANGUARINI-ETTEEMAR OBSERVER ADAM-ET
GEN-I-BEQ TOPSIDEDE-SU FORK-ETDE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET
ENSENADA TABOO PLANET-ETDE-SU WATSONDE-SU UNO 11446-ET

* Expressed relative to a value of 2000 set for the highest animal in the group using the CDN Customized Index Calculator
Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

The information in table 5 came from the CDN files (Most listings do not separate out PP bulls.) The only sure way to have all progeny born polled is to use PP bulls.  That will limited the total genetic merit of your herd but it will get you to a polled herd more quickly.

Lowering Inbreeding

For breeders using polled sires and interested in lowering the inbreeding level in their herd, we provide a list of bulls that are below average for their inbreeding level (the number in the brackets is their Inbreeding %): Man P (2.73%); Magna P (3.88%); Illegal P (4.46%); Trey PP (4.58%); Snowball P (4.67%); Colt P (5.20%); Earnhardt P (5.78%); and Terrel PP (6.01%).

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The great news is – there is more choice and increased genetic merit than ever before in polled Holstein sires. As we reported previously, polled animals have made significant gains in the last five years when it comes to their total merit indexes relative to horned animals. The Bullvine recommends that breeders include at least three polled sire in the group of sires that they are currently using. In five years you will pat yourself on the back and say ‘Good Decision’. Discerning consumers of milk products want to know that the milk products that they buy come from animals that are humanely cared for.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

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With each new proof round comes new sires, new rankings and, frankly, new headaches.  Wanting to do more than just pump out the same old lists that really do not mean anything to anyone but the semen marketers, or just promote the bulls from the studs who pay us the most money, the Bullvine took a look at the recent December 2013 Genetic Evaluations to find not only the list toppers, but a deeper look to find those unique sires that will address your key breeding challenges.

Overall Performance Improvement

When looking for the sire that  will help improve your herd across the board, we looked for sires that have a balance of production and longevity, and most importantly a proven pedigree that ensures that their performance  will last. We also wanted great health and fertility traits that will deliver a low maintenance cow (Read more – Fact vs. Fantasy: A realistic approach to sire selection). Here are our top four:

  • ROYLANE SOCRA ROBUST
    Socrates x O Man x Manat
    Proven Sire –  Select Sires
    +1464 lbs. Milk +0.12 %F  +87 lbs. F +0.04 %P +53 lbs P 5.5 PL 2.95 SCS +1.95 PTAT +2248TPI
    +1946 kgs Milk +0.41F +116 kgs. F +0.15 %P +79 kgs P +110 HL 3.00 SCS +5 Conf. +3188 LPI
    Long a popular high genomic sire, with his high debut in August and sustained numbers as he adds more daughters, Robust has proven to be a great performance improver. He  is a high NM$ (+765) Velvet-View-KJ SOCRATES-ET (EX-94-GM) son from Seagull-Bay Oman Mirror (VG-86-DOM). He transmits exceptional components (+.12% Fat, +87 Fat, +.04% Protein, +53 Protein) and outstanding longevity (+5.5 Productive Life).  A Calving Ease and relative outcross sire, ROBUST moderates stature and adds height and width to the rear udder.   Robust will work best on tall deep cattle that need feet and leg improvement.
  • KINGS-RANSOM B RUBLE
    Bolton x Boliver x Bombay
    Proven Sire –  ABS Global
    +2534 lbs Milk  -0.07 %F  +73 lbs. F -0.01 %P +72 lbs P 0.7 PL 2.95 SCS +1.84 PTAT +2067TPI
    +2978 kgs. Milk -0.25F +85 kgs. F -0.05 %P +90 kgs P +102 HL 2.99 SCS +7 Conf. +2953 LPI
    With so many O Man, Planet, Goldwyn, Shottle, and Freddie sons dominating the lists, it nice to see a sire like RUBLE ranking among them.  The cow family behind RUBLE features five consecutive generations of AI bull mothers. RUBLE’s five closest dams all produced milk records in excess of 32,000 lbs. RUBLE’s grand dam, Bombay Rale was a tremendous brood cow leaving 6-VG & 4-EX daughters in the herd by seven different sires.  RUBLE daughters are moderate stature and dairy. Protect for strength as they can be narrow through the chest. Udders are everything  you would  expect from the two popular pedigrees. High, wide rear udders, smooth blending fore udders, and a deep seam to carry their high production through many lactations. Daughters track straight with a correct foot, though you need to protect for a slight set to rear legs and protect rumps for pin width.
  • SILVERRIDGE V WICKHAM
    Mogul x Snowman x Planet
    Genomic Sire – Semex
    +1964 lbs Milk  +0.04 %F  +81 lbs. F +0.01 %P +61 lbs P 4.3 PL 2.68 SCS +3.31 PTAT +2446 TPI
    +2516 kgs. Milk +0.07F +100 kgs. F +0.01 %P +82 kgs P +113 HL 2.69 SCS +18 Conf. +3483 LPI
    Wickham’s high genomic numbers should not surprise anyone.  Coming from the same family that has produced genomic giants, Epic, Emmet and many others.  Wickham is an early Mogul son from the Whittier-Farms Lead Mae family.  Look for Wickham to sire tall angular daughters with average depth.  Expect great mammary systems and feet and legs though he should be protected on straightness of leg and chest width.
  • DE-SU 11236 BALISTO
    Bookem x Watson x O Man
    Genomic Sire – ABS Global
    +1725 lbs Milk  +0.12 %F  +96 lbs. F +0.01 %P +78 lbs P 4.3 PL 2.71 SCS +2.72 PTAT +2424 TPI
    +1923 kgs. Milk +0.31F +104 kgs. F +0.30 %P +94 kgs P +111 HL 2.54 SCS +10 Conf. +3409 LPI
    For those of you looking for a high genomic outcross sire, Balisto can certainly do the trick.  Balisto is the Bookem brother to the #1 gLPI sire in the world De-Su Mg Davinci 11288.  Their dam is the outcross Watson daughter of Pine-Tree Missy Miranda (Full sister to De-Su 199 Chart Topper), then of course Wesswood-HC Rudy Missy herself.   Look for Balisto to sire outstanding components, with solid type and health traits.  Balisto will need to be protected on rumps as he  will tend to have a high rump angle and will be a touch weaker in the loins.

Production Improvement

It might be easy to just take the top milk lists or combine the fat plus protein and say those sires are the best for overall production. We here at the Bullvine would not want to totally forgo type as well as health and fertility, so we are looking for the sires that give you the maximum production gain, without sacrificing everything to get it.  In addition to Robust, Ruble and  Balisto mentioned above, some other production improvement sires to consider include:

  • FLEVO GENETICS SNOWMAN
    O Man x BW Marshall x Aaron
    Proven Sire
    +2075 lbs Milk  -0.03 %F  +67 lbs. F -0.01 %P +61 lbs P 1.9 PL 2.79 SCS +2.43 PTAT +2109 TPI
    +3059 kgs. Milk -0.15 F +98 kgs. F -0.03 %P +94 kgs P +104 HL 2.67 SCS +11 Conf. +3112 LPI
    When it comes to production improvement it is hard to argue with  Snowman.  While many people are mixed on Snowman daughters, there is no question that they know how to milk.  Snowman is your classic milk bull. He has extreme component yields with average type.  However,  as history teaches us, extreme sires are exactly  the ones that we need to use most in order to accelerate genetic advancement.  While  not high type, Snowman daughters are surprising many by being solid VG  milk cows.  He certainly needs to be protected for fat percentage and straight rear legs and most definitely DPR.  But if you have the high fat percent heifer or cow that needs an instant production hit, Snowman is the man.  Since semen is in limited supply maybe consider a couple of his sons, full brothers SEAGULL-BAY PLATINUM or DIAMOND or maybe S-S-I SNOWMAN MAYFLOWER.
  • MARS ALTAFIXMAN
    Fibrax x O Man x Sinatra
    Proven Sire – Alta Genetics
    +911 lbs Milk  +0.19 %F  +84 lbs. F +0.12 %P +60 lbs P 0.3 PL 3.13 SCS +0.91 PTAT +1986 TPI
    +1246 kgs. Milk +0.52F +100 kgs. F +0.36 %P +78 kgs P +104 HL 3.22 SCS +3 Conf. +2918 LPI
    With the exception of O Man,  most breeders would probably never have heard of many of the sires in AltaFixman’s pedigree.  That’s mostly a result of the international genetics marketplace these days, as his sire, Fibrax is from Italy and his dam, FROUKJE 375 is from the Mars herd in The Netherlands.  But don’t let this relatively unknown pedigree scare you.  It is actually based on generation after generation of strong type and production. Although his overall Milk numbers may seem average,  his components are out of this world.  At +.19%F +84 lbs of Fat and +.12%P +60lbs of Protein, AltaFixman is certainly a strong component punch whenever you need it. Type wise look for AltaFixman to sire good all around solid cows that could be protected on median suspensory ligament and body depth. As an added bonus, since AltaFixman is such a non North American pedigree, he is certainly an outcross to most North American cattle.
  • SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE
    Robust x Planet x Shottle
    Genomic Sire – Select Sires
    +2342 lbs Milk  +0.08 %F  +107 lbs. F +0.02 %P +75 lbs P 5.4 PL 2.80 SCS +2.38 PTAT +2413 TPI
    +2586 kgs. Milk +0.25F +122 kgs. F +0.06 %P +91 kgs P +111 HL 2.85 SCS +9 Conf. +3395 LPI
    Of course it’s hard to mention any  production improvement without including Supersire.   This Robust son from AMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA VG-87-2YR-USA, really is a genomic wonder. Not only does he have the highest genomic values in the breed for production but he also has great functional type and health traits to go with it. Here you have a sire that is 2342 lbs. for milk, with positive component deviations, 2.38 for type, and over +5 for productive life.  Supersire daughters and sons are already topping many of the lists.  While Supersire daughters will not be winning many shows, his no holes type linear has resulted in his widespread  use and so far he has delivered on all expectations.
  • BUSH-BROS ALTABGOOD
    Robust x Massey x Boliver
    Genomic Sire – Alta Genetics
    +1603 lbs Milk  +0.13 %F  +93 lbs. F +0.09 %P +71 lbs P 4.5 PL 2.85 SCS +2.41 PTAT +2373 TPI
    +858 kgs. Milk +0.41F +113 kgs. F +0.28 %P +89 kgs P +110 HL 2.89 SCS +7 Conf. +3256 LPI
    Another Robust son that should certainly get your attention is AltaBgood.  While not an international pedigree like AltaFixman, AltaBgood’s pedigree will not spark instant recognition for most breeders.  What you do get is generation after generation of genomic performance that is higher than their parent averages.  While those wanting pedigree power to go with the genomic test may not want to use AltaBgood, those that have confidence in the genomic system should  certainly take a look.  Like AltaFixman, AltaBgood will also sire extreme component improvement (+.13%F +93lbs F +.09%P +71 lbs P).  He combines these outstanding components with a strong type linear and average health traits.  AltaBgood will need to be protected for high pins and dairy strength.

Longevity Improvement

While some would try to tell you that high type equals longevity, that is not necessarily the case.    When it comes to longevity, it’s  hard to argue with actual performance indices like Herd Life and Productive Life.  In order to give a more balanced approach to longevity, we looked at both and came up with the following top sires:

  • COYNE-FARMS DORCY
    Bolton x Bret x Rudolph
    Proven Sire – ABS Global
    +1603 lbs Milk  -0.04 %F  +46 lbs. F -0.01 %P +46 lbs P 4.9 PL 2.70 SCS +3.00 PTAT +2267 TPI
    +1721 kgs. Milk -0.16F +48 kgs. F -0.02 %P +53 kgs P +114 HL 2.67 SCS +13 Conf. +2971 LPI
    Another popular genomic sire that has become a mainstay on the proven sire lists is Dorcy.  DORCY offers breeders a little different pedigree with no O Man, Planet, Goldwyn or Shottle  in it. The impressive combination of type and production from his cow family and daughters are readily evident in DORCY’s proof with +1603M +46F +46P +623NM 2.70SCS +4.90PL and +3.00T +3.22UDC +3.07FLC. He has good ratings for all functional traits except for calving ease. Breeders interested in a Bolton son from an outcross pedigree, top notch udders, very good feet & legs and functional traits may consider Dorcy. Dairy Strength and Rump are only slightly above breed norms.  Look for Dorcy to sire balanced dairy cattle that have great udders and very good feet & legs, though he will need to be protected for  fat percent and dairy strength, specifically his body depth and chest width.
  • KINGS-RANSOM ERDMAN CRI
    Planet x Ramos x Bullet
    Proven Sire – Cooperative Resources International (CRI)
    +1156 lbs Milk  +0.11 %F  +71 lbs. F +0.02 %P +39 lbs P 7.7 PL 2.76 SCS +0.93 PTAT +2157 TPI
    +1386 kgs. Milk +0.36 F +90 kgs. F +0.06 %P +50 kgs P +112 HL 2.70 SCS +2 Conf. +2853 LPI
    While Erdman is a Planet son, the rest of his pedigree Ramos x Bullet x Brandon actually makes Erdman a relative outcross sire.  His pedigree also demonstrates one high productive life sire after another.  A product of the Genesis program by CRI, he has been built to sire highly profitable (+803NM$) cattle.  While many type breeders will not love his +0.93 PTAT, his 7.7 for productive life (112 herd life), his 2.76 SCS and 110 daughter fertility (+1.9 DPR) will certainly catch the eye of many producers. Expect Erdman daughters to have strong mammary systems and sound legs. He will need protected on foot angle, pin width and dairy strength.
  • JEANLU FIX
    Mogul x Observer x Shottle
    Genomic Sire – Semex
    +908 lbs Milk  +0.09 %F  +56 lbs. F +0.03 %P +36 lbs P 7.4 PL 2.49 SCS +3.01 PTAT +2417 TPI
    +1375 kgs. Milk +0.21F +73 kgs. F +0.08 %P +53 kgs P +119 HL 2.43 SCS +14 Conf. +3243 LPI
    Fix’s dam SPEEK-NJ OBSERV FANDANGO VG-86-2yr has the rare combination of being high index and from 8 generations of EX behind her (Read more: FERME J.P. POULIN: YOU’RE ALWAYS WELCOME! TOUJOURS BIENVENU!) a testament to the longevity of his maternal lines Combine that with the high productive life sire Mogul and you certainly have an unbeatable longevity package.  Look for him to sire great udders with  strong feet and legs though he may need to be protected on stature for some breeders preferences.
  • LONE-OAK-ACRES ALTAROBLE
    Mogul x Observer x Shottle
    Genomic Sire – Alta Genetics
    +1282 lbs Milk  +0.03 %F  +45 lbs. F +0.02 %P +50 lbs P 6.7 PL 2.64 SCS +3.12 PTAT +2426 TPI
    +1666 kgs. Milk +0.05 F +66 kgs. F +0.09 %P +63 kgs P +118 HL 2.63 SCS +14 Conf. +3273 LPI
    This seems to be the magic sire stack for longevity improvement.  With a linear that is off the charts and strong production numbers and health and fertility traits, AltaRoble certainly deserves your attention.  A +6.7 productive life, +2.4 Daughter Pregnancy Rate and +2.64 SCS certainly shows that AltaRoble not only has the type numbers, he actually has the longevity numbers to back it up.  Breeders may want to protect him on body depth and teat length.

Health and Fertility Improvement

With the constant improvement in the accuracy of health and fertility  index calculations, more and more breeders are confidently including Health and Fertility traits in their breeding requirements.

  • DE-SU OBSERVER
    Planet x O Man x BW Marshall
    Proven Sire – Select Sires
    +1416 lbs Milk  +0.00 %F  +43 lbs. F -0.01 %P +49 lbs P 5.9 PL 2.84 SCS +2.64 PTAT +2186 TPI
    +1973 kgs. Milk -0.05 F +68 kgs. F +0.02 %P +66 kgs P +111 HL 2.83 SCS +12 Conf. +3072 LPI
    Carrying the flag and riding the wave of the health and fertility trend is  De-Su Observer.  This sire has been the poster child for high health and fertility since his early genomic numbers came back and catapulted him into international use.  With his daughter performance validating his early numbers, Observer has to be one of the quickest sires in history to get to 99% Reliability.  His daughters stamp out a pretty consistent pattern with strong production and solid type.  Type wise he has actually performed pretty well, with daughters exhibiting outstanding udders (watch out for short teats) and solid feet and legs.  One area you will also want to protect him on is his dairy strength, as his daughters are certainly not deep and could stand to have more chest width.
  • ZANI BOLTON MASCALESE
    Bolton x O Man x Adam
    Proven Sire – Semenzoo
    +1562 lbs Milk  +0.02 %F  +53 lbs. F +0.01 %P +59 lbs P -0.3 PL 2.75 SCS +2.79 PTAT +2072 TPI
    +2084 kgs. Milk -0.05 F +73 kgs. F +0.07 %P +75 kgs P +104 HL 2.76 SCS +14 Conf. +3091 LPI
    With such a push on health traits over the past few years, it’s actually almost impossible to find an outcross sire on the top lists.  If you are one of the few that didn’t go heavy on Mascalese as a genomic sire, you certainly can take advantage of that now by using him or one of his many sons.   Possessing greater conformation than his sire stack would indicate, MASACLESE sires strong dairy cattle that are durable and possess good health  traits.   For those looking for a more outcross sire that is high for health and fertility, try Erdman mentioned above.
  • MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER
    Facebook x Shottle x O Man
    Genomic Sire – Semex
    +1628 lbs Milk  +0.05 %F  +62 lbs. F +0.03 %P +68 lbs P +4.7 PL 2.76 SCS +2.42 PTAT +2348 TPI
    +1955 kgs. Milk +0.05 F +78 kgs. F +0.13 %P +78 kgs P +114 HL 2.82 SCS +13 Conf. +3352 LPI
    This Marbri Facebook son has some of the highest DGVs in the breed. Look for him to sire extreme component yields from strong dairy cattle with great feet and legs. One area to be cautious about, when using him, is his body depth. Both his sire stack and his DGVs would say this area needs protecting.
  • CO-OP UPD HUNTER SALVINO
    Hunter x Massey x Ally
    Genomic Sire – Cooperative Resources International (CRI)
    +1265 lbs Milk  +0.21 %F  +101 lbs. F +0.08 %P +61 lbs P +3.9 PL 2.81 SCS +2.46 PTAT +2401 TPI
    +1474 kgs. Milk +0.51 F +107 kgs. F +0.22 %P +72 kgs P +112 HL 2.78 SCS +12 Conf. +3353 LPI
    If you’re looking for something a little different and an outcross pedigree, try Salvino.  Another product of the Genesis program at CRI, Salvino is a 2nd generation product of this program. His dam’s sire, Massey, was one of the early success stories of this program.  Look for Salvino to sire strong component improvement with a solid type linear.  In a market place flooded with many of the same bloodlines, finding a sire that is a little different and yet still able to deliver top progeny can be a challenge.  Salvino may be your best option for a relative outcross sire that still can compete with the other top genomic sires.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

We have stated it many times. In maximizing your genetic gain, you can’t just pick from the top of the TPI or LPI list.  You need to make sure that your matings are the best corrective cross.  Breeding great cattle is part art and part science. You need to have both parts.   It takes careful consideration and generation after generation of corrective mating to breed great cow families.  That is why, instead of just giving you a list of the top 12, we have tried to provide you with insight into which sires will provide you with the maximum gain in each specific area.

Check out our Genetic Evaluations Section for more information.

 

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Is Too Much Water Milking Your Profits?

Wednesday, August 28th, 2013

Over the past couple of weeks the Bullvine has published articles about having a breeding plan for your herd. (Read more: Flukes and Pukes – What Happens When You don’t Have a Plan and What’s The Plan?). Examples cited of herds with a breeding plan have included North Florida Holsteins who breeds for production and profitability (Read more:  North Florida Holsteins: Aggressive, Progressive and Profitable and The Truth About Type and Longevity) and Quality Holsteins (Read more: Quality Holsteins – Well-deserved Congratulations and Quality Cattle Look Good Every Day) and Ferme Jacobs (Read more: Ferme Jacobs: Success Is All In The Family!) both of whom breed for type. Today we wish to bring you some thoughts to consider for your breeding plan as it relates to the components in milk. For the vast majority of herds that is the major source of their revenue generation.

mount victoria tb plaque4% Fat

T. B. Macaulay, Mount Victoria Farms (Montvic), (Read more: Mount Victoria Farms: The Art and Science of Great Breeding) ninety years ago had a plan. One component of his plan was 4% butterfat. He built his herd around Johanna Rag Apple Pabst and his 4% fat daughters. The history books do not specifically identify Macaulay’s reason for wanting 4% butterfat except we know that back then Holsteins were considered to be ‘low testers’.

Roy Ormiston, breeder of the world famous Roybrook Farms, developed an excellent herd with the three pillars being high % fat, excellent conformation and high lifetime production.

The importance of fat yield has also been stressed by many leading USA breeders. Over forty years ago Dr. Gene Starkey, the very well respected Wisconsin Dairy Extension Specialist, in his speeches talked about herds where cows averaged over 900 pounds of butterfat per year with only limited reference to the milk yield number for top herds.

When Protein Ruled

Fat took a backseat to show conformation and then to % protein in the later 1970’s and into the 1980’s. The trendy thing was to use a bull the improved % protein but dropped % fat. The thinking was that consumers wanted to exclude fat from their diets but that protein was needed to make cheese. The trend meant the majority of breeders paid only limited attention to % fat and the national Holstein averages for % fat dropped.

How Milk is Sold

On a global basis the majority of milk is sold in a solid and not a liquid state (Read more: “Got Milk” is becoming “Got More” and MILK MARKETING: How “Got Milk?” BECAME “Got Lost”). Milk processors and marketers recognized this and so payment to farmers changed from volume and % fat to become based on the component yields. This is known as MCP, multiple component pricing. Today the pendulum has swung to where butterfat is back in fashion. Thus the quantity of solids a cow produces is important to her ability to generate income.

Milk is sold as a drink often has fat removed by processors. That fat is used to make other products and thus it is a source of revenue, not a cost, for the processor. .

The end result is that breeders are paid for the total fat and protein content in the milk they ship.  And in the future it is entirely possible that breeders will be paid for the specific fats (i.e. conjugated linoleic acid) and proteins (i.e. casein) they ship.

Avoid the Water

In today’s and likely tomorrow’s world having more water than necessary in milk is a cost and not a source of income. These cost factors include:

  • high peak milk yields adds stress on the cow and increased labor and health costs
  • high milk yields magnifies the challenge and cost to getting cows to conceive
  • to achieve higher milk yield adds to cow feed costs for high energy grains
  • cows and their rumens function best when a high percent of the diet is high quality but low cost forages
  • longer milking times to harvest the higher volume of milk adds labor and utility costs
  • on-farm more volume adds to cooling cost and the need for increased storage capacity
  • water removal at the farm is costly
  • extra milk volume adds to transportation cost
  • added volume increases processor cooling costs and storage capacity
  • high volumes adds to environmental costs and the disposal of water at the processing plant

If we could calculate the total for those ten items it might shock us how much money could be saved by having a higher content of fat and protein in milk. It all starts with the milk our cows produce.

Let’s Talk Genetics

At the farm level cows that produce 85 pounds at 4.0% fat and 3.4% protein are generating the same revenue and at less cost to all the partners in the supply chain than cows that produces 100 pounds at 3.4% fat and 2.9% protein. For sire selection this means selecting for fat yield, protein yield, % fat and % protein. Ideally, although not always possible, this means selecting bulls for less milk yield. Today most total merit index formulas (TPI™, LPI, NM$,…etc.) are based on fat and protein yield of a bull’s daughters without regards to the volume of milk they produce. This means that high yield bulls that drop % fat and/or % protein do not ranking near the top on these indexes. A help to breeders when selecting bulls to use.

Top Sires

The following table identifies top total merit bulls for their daughters’ genetic ability to produce fat and protein and have a high % fat and % protein. For bulls to appear in this table they had to be breed improvers for productive life or herd life.

Bulls Ranked by Fat plus Proetin Yields

Bulls Ranked by Fat plus Protein Yields
* USA – pounds / Canada – kilograms
Click on image for enlargement

Supersire tops the list for the ability to sire daughters for fat yield and total fat and protein yield  Jabir is high in all areas including NM$. For breeders wanting higher % fat and % protein should consider AltaIota, AltaRazor, Eloquent, Ahead or Overtime P.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Much emphasis is currently being placed on cows that are functional and healthy, yet productivity can’t be ignored. Without the ability to generate high levels of revenue from milk sales, it is hard to make a profit from dairy farming. When it comes to production, don’t let low component milk water down your success.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

top13of2013If you are like most breeders between the time spent sorting through the many different lists from around the world and listening to the propaganda the A.I. companies put out promoting their sires, the hype is enough to make a breeder’s head spin.  In order to bring clarity to the confusion, the Bullvine has filtered through the many lists, brought them into a common base and has developed the following four categories  sires that you should take a look specifically  for your breeding program.

Overall Performance

When looking for the sire the will help improve your herd across the board, we looked for sires that have a balance of production and longevity.  Additionally, we wanted high health and fertility traits that deliver a low maintenance cow (Read more – Fact vs. Fantasy: A realistic approach to sire selection).

  • DE-SU OBSERVER
    (Planet x O Man x BW Marshall)
    With his validation from top genomic sire to proven sire status, Observer is a sire that should be on all breeders’ lists.  This former No. 1 GTPI genomic young sire and worldwide father of sons is now the #1 gTPI sire in the USA and transmits excellent production (+1,602 Milk) and Protein (+52 Protein, +.02% Protein) with highly reliable data from over 200 milking daughters.  OBSERVER daughters have exceptional udders (+3.02 Udder Composite) and Type (+2.70 Type).  Observer will work best on tall females with lots of frame and that need udder improvement.
  • LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN
    (O Man x Aaron x Bellwood)
    When it comes to your breeding goals, Man-O-Man certainly is a sire that should still get consideration even for the most aggressive genomic programs.  Look for Man-O-Man to sire outstanding production from cattle that have correct feet and legs and strong mammary systems.  One area to watch him for is his rump angle, as his daughters can be a touch high in the pins.
  • CO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY
    (MASCOL x FORM BRET x MANFRED)
    Massey is a popular sire of sons combining elite indexes with a great outcross opportunity.  Massey daughters are snug uddered with strong attachments.  Though they should be protected for rump angle (high) and dairy strength, his low somatic cell score, high herd life/productive life and strong fertility make Massey a great sire for your breeding program.
  • MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER
    (Facebook x Shottle x O Man)
    This Marbri Facebook son has some of the highest DGVs in the breed.  Look for him to sire extreme component yields from strong dairy cattle with great feet and legs.  One area to be cautious on using him is his body depth.  Both his sire stack and his DGVs would say this area needs protecting.
  • DA-SO-BURN MOM EARNHARDT P
    (Man-O-Man x Lawnboy x September Storm)
    If you’re breeding for polled you are most certainly thinking of where the market is heading.  One area that I always find interesting is those breeders who breed polled, but in fact are only selecting for type.  If you are going to go polled you need to consider overall improvement and production as well.  Earnhardt P is one of the premier gTPI polled bulls in the breed.  He sires high protein and extreme NM$.  He has been used heavily as a sire of sons as a result of his polled status and high Net Merit.  Look for Earnhardt P to sire high components, with solid feet and legs and mammary systems.  One area he will need to be protected on is his rumps, as he can leave high pinned daughters that are a touch narrow.

Production Improvement

It might be easy to just take the top milk lists or combine the fat plus protein and say those sires are the best for overall production.  We here at the Bullvine would not want to totally forgo type as well as health and fertility so we are looking for the sires that give you the maximum production gain, without sacrificing everything to get it.  In addition to Observer, Man-O-Man and Earnhardt P mentioned above we recommend the following sires to improve production.

  • UFM-DUBS ALTAESQUIRE
    (O Man x AltaSam x Patron)
    ALTAESQUIRE’s 2nd crop daughters seem to be outperforming his first crop proof.  Watch for ALTAESQUIRE to sire more production and components as well as better mammary systems than his current proof would indicate.  While offering dairy strength and rump improvement, ALTAESQUIRE needs to be used cautiously on mammary systems and feet and legs.  But if you are looking to put a production punch into a good uddered and legged cow/heifer, ALTAESQUIRE will do the trick.
  • DE-SU ALTAGOALMAN
    (Bolton x O Man x BW Marshall)
    ALTAGOALMAN is a proven sire from the high Genomic Index De-Su herd.  Though ALTAGOALMAN will sire outstanding production both his genomic proof and his daughter information would indicate that he needs to be protected on dairy strength.  He delivers significant overall production improvement.  While AltaGoalman will not hurt your udders and legs, he certainly needs to be protected on body depth and rump.  AltaGoalman is most definitely best suited for commercial environments but can also be used for a shot of production, if used carefully.
  • SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE
    (Robust x Planet x Shottle)
    This Robust son from 2012 Golden Dam Finalist AMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA VG-87-2YR-USA, really is a genomic wonder.  Not only does he have some of the highest genomic values in the breed for production but he also has great functional type and health traits to go with it.  Here you have a sire that is over 2500 lbs. for milk, with positive component deviations, 2.50 for type, and over 7 for productive life.
  • PINE-TREE OHARE-P
    (O Man x Signif-P x Goldwyn)
    For those of you looking to get into polled there is Ohare-P.  Extreme production combined with functional type and good health traits make Ohare-P a sire that if you are breeding for the future, should be   part of your program.  He will need to be protected a little on % components, and frame and capacity.

Longevity Improvement

For those of you who  are looking to breed cattle that last lactation after lactation, or maybe you are having problems with your 2 year olds not coming back for a 2nd lactation, we recommend the following sires:

  • MAPLE-DOWNS-I G W ATWOOD
    (Goldwyn x Durham x Storm)
    While many would consider Atwood a show bull, and he is very good at that (Read more: 7 Sires to Use In Order To Breed the Next World Dairy Expo Champion) he is also a great longevity sire as well.  Unlike many of the top show sires who are negative for production and low fertility scores, Atwood actually has solid components and acceptable health and fertility numbers.  While you most certainly would want to protect him on production and daughter fertility, Atwood will add a punch of type to your high producing 2yr olds that, for whatever reason, may not be around for many more lactations.
  • COYNE-FARMS DORCY
    (Bolton x Bret x Rudolph)
    Dorcy is proving to be an outstanding longevity improvement sire, through both his sons and daughters.  Breeders interested in a Bolton son from an outcross pedigree, top-notch udders, very good feet & legs and functional traits may consider using DORCY.  Dairy Strength and Rump are only slightly above breed norms.
  • MR LOOKOUT PESCE ALTA5G
    (Altakool x Atwood x Shottle)
    An Atwood son sure to get a lot of attention is Alta5G.  While not from a big name show ring family, this type sire has a breed leading +23 DGV for Conformation in Canada.  Alta5G is from the same family at De-Su as Observer and, much like the other members of this outstanding genomic family, it seems that generation after generation keeping getting higher and higher numbers.  Look for him to sire daughters with outstanding udders and feet and legs, with loads of dairy strength.  One area that he will need to be protected on is his rumps, specifically rump angle and pin setting.
  • SILDAHL JETT AIR
    (BAXTER x BW MARSHALL x MANFRED)
    This outcross sire offers great longevity improvement combined with strong health and fertility.  He does need to be protected on protein and milking speed.  However his great feet and legs, udders and health and fertility make him an outcross sire you don’t want to miss.

Health and Fertility Improvement

One area that is not getting enough attention from most breeders is health and fertility.  While there is no question that every breeder knows that more pregnancies equal more profits, many of the top ranking sires actually have negative values for health and fertility.  The following are some sires that should help you change that:

  • BADGER-BLUFF FANNY FREDDIE
    (O Man x Die-Hard x Metro)
    If you are going to talk health and fertility, you’re going to have to take a look at Freddie.  While his type numbers may scare some, you cannot deny his extreme health and fertility numbers combined with solid production.  While I don’t expect to see many Freddie daughters in the show ring any time soon, he will work well in most commercial environments.  He will leave moderate sized daughters that have strong udders but very much need to be protected for dairy strength.
  • S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM
    (Domain x Bolton x O Man
    S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM has some of the highest DGV’s for health and fertility.  Lithium is from one of the top genomic cows in the breed, GLEN-TOCTIN BOLT LUCILLE VG-87-DOM. Combining high herd life, low Somatic Cell counts and high daughter fertility with over 1600 lbs. of milk, 110 of fat and protein and 2.5 points on type makes Lithium a great choice when looking for improvement.  It is interesting to note that his DGV’s for health and fertility are almost 8% higher than the next highest genomic young sire (BRANDT-VIEW ALTAOTIS) and 50% higher than his own official index, indicating that he really is the sire to use when wanting to address this area that has flown under the radar far too long.
  • TIGER-LILY LADD P-RED
    (Destry x Lawn Boy x September Storm)
    For those of you that are really looking to breed to where the market is heading, there is LADD-P-RED.  He is the highest health and fertility polled sire in the breed today.  These are two key aspects that breeders around the world are looking for.  (Read more: Why Is Everyone So Horny For Polled? and How Healthy Are Your Cows?).  While LADD-P-RED will not wow you with his production, his strong components, with solid type make him a sire that will fit into most breeding programs.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

We have stated it many times.  In maximizing your genetic gain, you can’t simply choose   the very top of the TPI or LPI list.  You need to make sure that your matings are the best corrective cross.  Breeding great cattle is part art and part science.  You need to have both parts.  It takes careful consideration and generation after generation of corrective mating to breed great cow families.  That is why, instead of just giving you a list of the top 16, we have tried to provide you with insight into which sires will provide you with the maximum gain in each specific area.  It`s all about choosing what is best for you.

 

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The Bullvine is often asked, “How can using genomic sires be better, if the genomic sire’s reliabilities are not as high as those for proven sires?” So in typical Bullvine style we set out to answer that question.  The following is our answer…

Single Trait – Fat

Bullvine wanted to keep this comparison as simple as possible.  To do this we used one trait, in this case fat yield, knowing that breeders do not select for one trait only. The results apply to all traits.

Females in Your Barn

You have a virgin heifer and a seven year old cow that are both indexed at 100 kgs for fat yield.  Both have been genomically tested and the cow is milking in her fourth lactation.  The heifer’s index is 67% Rel.  and the cow is 82% Rel.

TABLE 1: Females

Born Fat Index % Rel Regressed Fat Index
Heifer 2012 Jan 10 100 67 67
Cow 2005 Jan 16 100 82 82

 

Sires

Three sires you might consider using for breeding these females could be:

TABLE 2: Sires

Born Fat Index (kgs) % Rel Regressed Fat Index
Oman March 08, 1998 82 99 81
Supersire Dec 28, 2010 116 67 78
Pride January 27, 2012 135 69 93

 

Index of Calves

What will be the fat indexes for the resulting calves? (Add parents together and divide by two)

TABLE 3: Regressed Fat Indexes for Calves (kgs)

DAMS SIRES
OMAN SUPERSIRE PRIDE
Heifer 74 72.5 80
Cow 81.5 80 87.5

These values are the expected average fat indexes.  And, yes, there will be less variation amongst the progeny for Oman and the cow.  The most variability amongst the progeny can be expected for the heifer when mated to Supersire or Pride.

Therefore, the short answer for which bull to use, is Pride. Pride will maximize the calf’s fat yield index.

Rate of Genetic Gain

Determining genetic gain is a principle taught to all college genetic students.  The formula is:

Let’s simplify this:

Accuracy                              =             Reliability

Selection Intensity          =             Determined by where the animal ranks in the population (all these animals are in the top 1% of the population so their selection intensity is identical)

Genetic Variation             =             Standard Deviation of fat yield indexes (common for all the animals in the example)

Generation Interval        =             The average time between the birth of the parents and the birth of the calf.

Generation Interval is the place where the numbers for the heifer and the sires, Supersire and Pride, are much smaller (in years) than those for the cow and Oman.

TABLE 4: Generation Interval (years)

DAMS SIRES
OMAN SUPERSIRE PRIDE
Heifer 8.5 2.5 2.0
Cow 11.5 5.5 5.0

Since the numbers for fat index in TABLE 3 are all similar, dividing them by a larger vs. a smaller generation interval greatly affects the outcome for genetic gain.

For the cow and Oman dividing 81.5 (Fat Index) by 11.5 (Generation Interval) gives a much smaller gain than for the heifer and Pride (80 divided by 2.0).  In fact it is much different 7.9 compared to 40.

That’s the reason turning generations more quickly, using genomics, gives the faster rates of annual genetic gain. (Read more: The Genomic Advancement Race – The Battle for Genetic Supremacy)

The Bullvine Bottomline

Genomics gives you more speed.  No question.  If you’re worried about speed being dangerous, spread the risk by using multiple (not one) high indexing genomic sires where you might have only used one or two proven sires in the past.

 

 

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Genomics: Think Big Not Small

Wednesday, February 6th, 2013

Even though we are still in the early stages of genomic indexes, certain trends are already apparent.  One issue that I have noticed is that too many breeders are using genomics to narrow down their sire usage to a few sires at the very top instead of using genomics to discover what sires not to use.  Everyone likes to look at the top of the list to see what sires hold their rankings, however, the real power of genomics is actually in pointing out what sires not to use.

While there is no question that genomics has changed the way we look at indexes, there is one major issue that we are all guilty of.  We focus only on those sires that are in the top 10 or so to make our sire selection decisions.

So let’s take a look at the current top 10 genomic sires and their TPI Scores:

  1. Supersire 2530
  2. Jabir 2515
  3. Numero Uno 2497
  4. Jacey 2493
  5. Predestine 2491
  6. Chevrolet 2490
  7. Hunger 2488
  8. Jetset 2484
  9. Balisto 2483
  10. Willpower 2476

You will notice that all these sires are within 54 TPI points of each other.  That is a difference of less than 2%.  The issue with this is that, according to CDN research, 95% of the time sires can vary by up to 20%,  when comparing their genomic index to their eventual daughter proven evaluations (Read more: The truth about genomic indexes – “Show Me” They Work!).  Applying  that to the current list of sires and instead of looking at the top 10 sires you would instead need to look at all sires within 20% of the top sire, Supersire.  Since Supersire is +2530 gPA TPI that means your short list would include all sires over 2000 TPI.  Instead of 10 sires this means looking at the 1000 current sires.

Furthermore, genomics is not as much about identifying the top few sires you should be using, as it is about identifying the sires you should not be using.  When you are looking at two full brothers and trying to decide which one to use or sample, if they are greater than 500 gTPI points apart you are better to use/sample the higher one.  Or, if you can only afford to sample one of them then genomics would be a strong indicator of which one to sample.  However, when they are much closer, genomics alone cannot make this decision with great accuracy.

For sires that are less than say 300 gTPI points apart you really cannot use their genomic total merit index numbers alone to make that mating decision.  You are better to make a short list of sires that are within the 300 TPI points and then look for the sire that is the best corrective mating on your animal.  Given how much sires change and how little difference there is in the top sires these days, you are far better making corrective mating your number one requirement and only using genomics to help determine your shortlist.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Genomics is only as good as the way it is used.  If we begin thinking that the top short list is the be all and end all for mating decisions, we start to muddy the waters.  You cannot use the top 10 gPA TPI sires alone for your mating programs.  Instead you are better to look at the top 1000 sires and find the sire that is the best corrective mating.

Everyone l points to the few select top genomic sires and then bemoans how much they change with each proof round and eventually to their daughter proof.  Genomics works best on the macro level and not at the micro level.  Due to current 65% reliabilities and a limited differential between top sires, a genomic total merit index cannot be relied upon for the final answer.  Genomics is a Macro level tool and not a Micro tool. If you are limiting your mating decisions to the top few sires, you are also limiting your genetic improvement program.

Think big.  Find the genomic sires that will deliver the specific improvements that your cows need!


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

2013ecttop13of2013Commercial milk producers want to breed cows that have high feed conversion efficiency, that avoid culling and that take the least care or staff time (Read more – Feed Efficiency: The Money Saver).  The well known and widely used total merit indexes, TPI*TM  and LPI, rank sires according to which ones leave the most profitable ideal or true type cow. However the factors in those indexes and the assumptions that are made when calculating them do not address feed, culling or low maintenance.   Milk producers are left to fend for themselves when it comes to selecting sires that will leave their kind of cows.

What’s Being Heard

Milk Producers say: “All I want is a trouble free cow that efficiently converts forages to the kind of milk my milk buyer wants.

Veterinarians say:  “Cows must get in calf, have minimal feet problems and must not be prone to having production limiting diseases (reproduction problems, mastitis, metabolic disorders or  ..etc.).

Farm Workers say:  “Sick animals, calving problems and animals that do not work easily within the farm system waste my time.

Feed Advisers say: “Test your forages, feed the rumen, get the most out of your forages and the use of nutrients for both production and maintenance must be considered simultaneously (i.e. medium sized cows yielding the same as large cows are more feed efficient).

Milk Processors say: ”Except for the milk we sell as a drink, we want the solids not the water.

Financial Advisers say:  “Make decisions based on profit per cow, per litre, per hectare, per pound of feed consumed, per worker, …etc.

Consumers say: – Well in fact we may not be listening to consumers (Read more – Milk Marketing: How “Got Milk?” became “Got Lost”)

There are even more voices speaking in producers ears and more words appearing on the computer screens that producers read.  With all the information that is currently available, selecting sires that best meet the needs of milk producers can be a daunting task.

Getting Started

Milk producers do not wish to deal all the numbers that appear on proof sheets. That can be a very time consuming exercise with no definitive answers at the end of it.

The Bullvine decided to research what is available today on selecting sires for feed conversion efficiency, for freedom from major known reasons for culling and for minimal extra care. We recognize that down the road there will be genomic indexes that are based on the relationship between yet to be recorded on-farm cow performance data and the DNA make-up of cows for these three areas. But today those genomic indexes do not exist.

Bullvine Efficiency Index (BEI)

Based on the information from a number of countries that we have been able to access, the Bullvine has developed the following formulas:

  1. BEI = Production (45%) + Durability (35%) + Health & Fertility (25%)
  2. Production = 30 Fat Yield + 50 Protein Yield + 10 Fat% + 10 Protein%
  3. Durability = 17 Herd Life + 42 Mammary System + 25 Feet & Legs  – 8 Body Depth – 8 Stature
  4. Health & Fertility = 46 Somatic Cell + 23 Daughter Fertility + 23 Udder Depth + 8 Milking Speed

Notes:

  1. Milk Yield is not included as it contributes to more udder strain and added milk haulage or on-farm water removal costs.
  2. The negative weightings on Body Depth and Stature reflect that larger cows  require extra feed to grow to that size and to maintain that larger size each and every day compared to cows of more moderate size.

Sire Rankings

Using CDN’s Custom Index Calculator  the following sires came to the top of the list,

CANADIANINTERNATIONALYOUNG SIRES
LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN-ETCO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY-ET
CRACKHOLM FEVERCOYNE-FARMS DORCY-ETSOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD-ET
BRAEDALE GOLDWYNDE-SU  CIMARRON-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET
ALLYNDALE-I ATTICUSBADGER-BLUFF FANNY FREDDIEMR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET
LIRR DREW DEMPSEYCERVI ALLEMAR ETCO-OP BOOKEM YUXI-ET
DE-SU GILLESPY-ETDE-SU GULF-ETCO-OP MASTER GENO-ET
GEN-I-BEQ BRAWLERBERTAIOLA MINCIO ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO ET
GILLETTE JORDANGUARINI-ETTEEMAR OBSERVER ADAM-ET
GEN-I-BEQ TOPSIDEDE-SU FORK-ETDE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET
ENSENADA TABOO PLANET-ETDE-SU WATSONDE-SU UNO 11446-ET

Please note: Due to the fact that CDN’s Custom Index tool only allows quires by Domestic Canadian, MACE and Genomic individually it is not possible to do an overall ranking.

Key Findings

  • Except for the Domestic Canadian list only a small difference exist between bulls
  • The rankings do not always follow TPI* TM or LPI due mainly to the negative weighting on body depth and stature and increased emphasis on SCS, daughter fertility and udder depth.
  • Although Braedale Goldwyn, Sandy Valley Bolton and Picton Shottle progeny are prominent on these listings, they are from different cow families so inbreeding using the sires on these lists should not be a problem, providing a breeder does not focus on just one of them

Highlights

  • Braedale Goldwyn appears on the listings himself. As well he has six sons on the lists and is the maternal grandsire of three of the genomic bulls.
  • Sandy Valley Bolton has seven sons on the listings
  • Picton Shottle is the maternal grandsire of nine bulls on the listings
  • Oman sons Long-Langs Oman Oman and Badger-Bluff Fanny Freddie both appear on the listings, as do one son and one maternal grandson of each of them
  • De-Su Observer, yet to be daughter proven, has three sons and one maternal grandson on the genomics listing

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Commercial milk producers often want the decisions on which sires to use to be as simplified as possible. That is why the Bullvine has produced these BEI listings. With due consideration to avoid inbreeding, milk producers can expect BEI to rank bulls for them for production, durability and health & fertility with emphasis on the sires that can convert intake into milk production.

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While there is no doubt that national composite index’s (TPITM, LPI, PLI etc.) are great marketing tools, recently there has been  discussion about their merits as actual genetic advancement tools.  With each index providing “home field” advantage to domestic animals and many out of date with where the industry is headed, we here at the Bullvine have developed the Bullvine Performance Index (BPI).

In the BPI we use direct genomic values instead of parent averages and we also incorporate reliabilities, in order to greater account for animals whose indexes stand the best chance of being stable over time.  As far as what traits we looked at, we have used an equally balanced weighting between production, longevity and health and fertility, as we see that emphasis represents where the market is heading.  We also include a small component (MPS) that factors in dam, 2nd dam and 3rd dam actual performance irrelevant of country of origin, as per our discussion with many breeders who feel that this should have some weight.  Instead of trying to be reactionary to the marketplace like most composite indexes, we are trying to be leading and ahead of the market.  We also are publishing BPI as a percentage so that it is clear just how far apart each animal is from each other.  Since this is a ranking index we felt it was more important to show the range between animals than to give a number that technically means nothing.

Top 50 BPI Sires

Sire NameBPIProductionLongevityHealth and FertilityMPS
MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET100%97%94%78%96%
LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN-ET94%99%60%19%96%
COYNE-FARMS DORCY-ET93%58%93%50%95%
SOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD-ET90%68%87%78%99%
HAMMER-CREEK FRED KRUNCH-ET89%74%77%84%96%
GOLDDAY89%45%96%47%99%
ZANI BOLTON MASCALESE ET87%94%64%34%94%
TEXEL BEAUTY COSMO-ET86%77%81%54%98%
AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO ET86%65%92%70%96%
CO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ET85%79%48%59%92%
UFM-DUBS OLEGANT-ET85%48%66%70%95%
BADGER-BLUFF FANNY FREDDIE85%74%51%63%89%
RMW ANCHOR-ET85%82%84%67%96%
FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY-ET84%84%92%52%99%
MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET84%83%89%43%97%
LIRR DREW DEMPSEY84%34%85%49%97%
RMW DORCY AMBROSE-ET83%59%100%61%96%
CERVI ALLEMAR ET83%39%74%79%94%
WABASH-WAY EXPLODE-ET83%58%87%28%96%
MR LOOKOUT P EMBARGO-ET83%84%91%43%96%
CRACKHOLM FEVER81%33%85%42%96%
STANTONS BOOKKEEPER80%84%86%53%95%
SEAGULL-BAY SARGEANT-ET80%97%62%50%94%
CO-OP O-STYLE OMAN JUST-ET80%66%40%66%96%
CERVI PHONIC80%38%48%100%94%
FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET79%92%74%41%99%
CO-OP BOOKEM YUXI78%75%95%53%93%
O-BEE MANFRED JUSTICE-ET78%85%11%50%93%
DE-SU JEROD 1223-ET77%82%83%60%93%
COYNE-FARMS DORCY YIM-ET77%61%87%65%92%
GENERVATIONS LIQUID GOLD77%100%79%27%98%
MR LOOKOUT PSC ALTADRUM-ET77%99%55%57%97%
COYNE-FARMS BOLTON DOM-ET76%70%70%21%95%
COYNE-FARMS JACEY CRI-ET76%82%64%69%94%
GEN-I-BEQ BRAWLER76%56%68%18%97%
WELCOME BOL LATHAM-ET75%93%50%7%99%
SILDAHL JETT AIR-ET75%41%79%42%96%
MORNINGVIEW LEVI75%86%35%35%96%
DE-SU GILLESPY-ET74%72%77%0%96%
COYNE-FARMS SHOTLE YANCE-ET74%87%42%37%91%
DE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET74%92%83%40%96%
REGANCREST ALTAIOTA-ET73%68%49%36%97%
SYNERGY ALTAJENKINS73%47%58%67%94%
S-S-I PEOTI MOWGLI-ET73%86%61%66%95%
SULLY MCCORD 269-ET72%93%69%44%94%
TOLLENAARS ALTAQUALITY72%54%48%67%93%
S-S-I BOOKEM MORGAN-ET71%86%65%61%95%
CROCKETT-ACRES EIGHT-ET70%79%16%29%100%
S-S-I PEOTI MANSUR-ET70%88%62%53%95%
GENERVATIONS FUZION70%88%55%52%98%

Key Findings

  • One of the neat things we found in developing this index is that it is able to give a realistic comparison between sires from all countries.
  • Even more importantly it also gives a good comparison of genomic test sires versus proven sires.  Four of the top ten sires are proven sires, as compared to most national indexes that, when combining the genomic sires and the proven sires would find that at least nine if not all ten would be genomic test sires.
  • Outside of MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER most of the sires are very close and really do warrant that you make sure you use the corrective mating for your specific animal as opposed to just using the top 5 or 10 bulls.
  • Another finding was the ability for second crop sires to also compare favorably with genomic test sires.  Besides Man-O-Man (LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN-ET) other second crop sires who come up high are UFM-DUBS ALTAESQUIRE-ET (BPI of 68%) and BRAEDALE GOLDWYN (BPI of 66%).  This demonstrates that these high reliability sires very much still have value in many mating programs.

Highlights

  • There is no question that MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER offers an extremely balanced package.  His strong production numbers combined with his extreme type and longevity with good health and fertility traits will have him be a sire of sons worldwide.  He may be hard to get your hands on as he is just one year old and he may only be released for contract matings.  This Marbri Facebook son has the highest DGVs in the breed.  Look for him to sire extreme component yields from strong dairy cattle with great feet and legs.  One area to be cautious on using him is his body depth.  Both his sire stack and his DGVs would say this area needs protecting.
  • There is no question that this last proof round Man-O-Man (LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN) stole the show.  His outstanding second crop daughter numbers have many top index breeders going back and using him again.  His extreme production numbers have him and his daughters in high demand.  With many sons like UNO also coming on the scene and offering a more balanced offering, it’s important to make sure you use Man-O-Man or maybe GENERVATIONS LIQUID GOLD when looking for the splash of production for a high type, high health and fertility mating. However hold off, if you are looking to improve those areas.  Use a more balanced sire like MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET or maybe SOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD-ET.
  • Coming up strong, as he keeps adding daughter numbers, is COYNE-FARMS DORCY.  Look for Dorcy to sire balanced dairy cattle that have great udders and very good feet & legs, though he will need to be protected for dairy strength, fat percent and, specifically, for his body depth and chest width.
  • Also catching our eye are a couple of Freddie sons – SOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD and HAMMER-CREEK FRED KRUNCH.  Both these sires offer a greater type and longevity option over their sire BADGER-BLUFF FANNY FREDDIE who suffers on our BPI index as his second and third dam’s classification and performance scores are low.
  • The top non- North American sire on our list is GOLDDAY.  Goldday is a Goldwyn son from A-L-H DESTINY VG-87-3YR-USA DOM GMD.  Destiny is of course the popular bull mother from Markwell Durham Daisy (Read more – Markwell Durham Daisy – 2012 Golden Dam Finalist), proven in Germany.  Goldday is also the full brother to former #1 German sire Danillo.  Look for Goldday to sire unbelievable udders and legs as well as long herd life.  One area where you will want to protect Goldday is rump angle.  Be cautious in using him on cattle that need production improvement.

The Bottom Line

It is difficult to keep track of all the top animals and compare them accurately. Trying to compare genomic sires with proven sires with each country having their own index with apparent bias makes it doubly hard.  Having said that, comparisons are instructive for informed decision-making.  That is why we developed the BPI formula.  Contrary to popular belief that you need to be using 100% genomic sires to accelerate your genetic advancement, our analysis shows absolutely that there are  proven sires that should be used in order to minimize your risk and still achieve the greatest results.

With the December 2012 genetic evaluation release and all the changes to the different systems, many breeders are finding it hard to figure out   which sires are the ones they should be taking a closer look at for their breeding programs. In typical Bullvine fashion we decided to not only provide you with the top lists (Read more in our Genetic Evaluations Section) but also to look at  what sires will help you maximize your genetics, by identifying which ones  address certain needs.  Here is what we  found from the 99% Rank worldwide for their area of specialty.

Overall Performance Improvement

When looking for the sire the will help improve your herd across the board, we looked for  sires that have a balance of production and longevity. We also wanted  great health and fertility traits that will deliver a  low maintenance cow (Read more – Fact vs. Fantasy: A realistic approach to sire selection).  Here are our top three.

  • COYNE-FARMS DORCY
    (Bolton x Bret x Rudolph)
    Last proof run,  we had  concerns with Dorcy as his parent averages and DGVs were higher than his actual daughter performance. However, with his daughter numbers nearly doubling in December, his actual daughter performance  is now higher than his PA’s and right on where his DGV had been predicted.  Look for Dorcy to sire balanced dairy cattle that have great udders and very good feet & legs, though he will need to be protected for dairy strength fat percent and specifically his body depth and chest width.
  • LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN
    (O Man x Aaron x Bellwood)
    There is no question that the story around the world is how well Man-O-Man daughters are performing (Read more – Man-O-Man will he turn platinum?)  While we are huge Man-O-Man fans, he has  yet to leave a son who has Genomic results that are  higher than his own on the CDN system (Read more – Is Man-O-Man really going to be a sire of sons?).  When it comes to your breeding goals, he certainly is a sire that should still get  consideration even for the most aggressive genomic programs.  Look for Man-O-Man to sire outstanding production from cattle who have correct  feet and legs and strong mammary systems.  One area to watch him for is his rump angle, as his daughters can be a touch high in the pins.
  • MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER
    (Facebook x Shottle x O Man)

    One sire that is certainly going to be on the top of everyone’s list is Enforcer.  He may be hard to get your hands on as he is just one year old and Semex will probably only be releasing him for contract matings (Read more – Select Sires vs. Semex – A contrast in cooperatives). This Marbri Facebook son has the highest DGVs in the breed.  Look for him to sire extreme component yields from strong dairy cattle with great feet and legs.  One area to be cautious on using him is his body depth.  Both his sire stack and his DGVs would say this area needs protecting.  For those looking for an early release genomic sire, check out GenerVations Liquid Gold born on the same day as Enforcer but yet publically available (Read more – $750 Dollar Semen! Are you crazy?)

Production Improvement

It might be easy to just take the top milk lists or combine the fat plus protein and say those sires are the best for overall production. We here at the Bullvine would not want to totally forgo type as well as health and fertility so  we are looking for the sires that give you the maximum production gain, without  sacrificing everything to get it.  In addition to Enforcer and Man-O-Man, here are some top production sires you should consider.

  • ZANI BOLTON MASCALESE
    (Bolton x O Man x Adam)

    Much like the Nerello grapes that the Mascali area of Italy is famous for, Mascalese is a sire that works best when used to balance out a pedigree by offering a  strong production infusion.  Mascalese is the perfect mating for Planet’s, Man-O-Man’s and Goldwyn’s, as he will add the dairy strength and rump improvement that is needed.
  • DE-SU ALTAGOALMAN
    (Bolton x O Man x BW Marshall)

    Holding strong in the US proving system that saw many sires drop over the last proof round is AltaGoalman.  This proven Bolton son from the Genomic powerhouse De-Su, offers extreme production with acceptable percent components, He delivers significant overall production improvement. While AltaGoalman will not hurt your udders and legs, he certainly needs to be protected on body depth and rump.  AltaGoalman is most definitely best suited for commercial environments but can also be used for a shot of production, if used carefully.
  • TRIONE NIAGRA VIGOR
    (Niagra x O Man  x Throne)

    Certainly a sire to consider, for those looking to push the genomic envelope and yet still wanting to find new bloodlines, is Vigor. Vigor is a RI-VAL-RE 2338 NIAGRA son from a TRIONE MAN IDRA VG-89-ITA. She is from one of Italy’s most dominant cow families TRIONE AARON BELLUNA VG-89-ITA.  Idra is an O-Man daughter of TRIONE THRONE ELENA VG-88-ITA.  Look for Vigor to be the genomic equivalent of AltaGoalman and needs to be protected on rump and dairy strength but offers tremendous production improvement.  He is a great option for a progressive breeder looking to develop a more unique bloodline.

Longevity Improvement

Recent changes to the US system for productive life rankings may have breeders scratching their heads.  Here are some sires that bring some light to the situation. In addition to Dorcy and Enforcer, other sires to consider for longevity improvement are:

  • GOLDDAY
    (Goldwyn x O Man x Durham)

    Goldday is a Goldwyn son from A-L-H DESTINY VG-87-3YR-USA DOM GMD. Destiny is of course the popular bull mother from Markwell Durham Daisy (Read more – Markwell Durham Daisy – 2012 Golden Dam Finalist), proven in Germany. Goldday is also the full brother to former #1 German sire Danillo. Look for Goldday to sire unbelievable udders and legs as well as long herd life.  One area where you will want to protect Goldday is rump angle. Be cautious in using him on cattle that need production improvement.
  • BADGER-BLUFF FANNY FREDDIE
    (O Man x Die Hard x Metro)

    Freddie’s jump back to the top of the TPI list is not surprising as his daughters continue to perform.  Much like his father O Man, Freddie  was not given much use,  as his low type numbers scared many breeders away.  But, also like his father, his daughters tend to last much longer than their type numbers would indicate.   That’s because Freddie has outstanding fitness traits that helps him leave low maintenance daughters.  They are not angular and they are not deep but they do they milk hard and last long.
  • CRACKHOLM FEVER
    (Goldwyn x Blitz x Mattie G)

    Battling with GUTHRIE and the Goldwyn sons of MD-DELIGHT DURHAM ATLEE (Read more – MD-Delight Durham Atlee – 2012 Golden Dam Finalist) Fever may be the best proven Goldwyn son in the world. Fever is just one of the sires that does a lot of things right.  He has strong fitness traits combined with great type numbers that contribute to daughters lasting a long time.  Considering that production is one of the lower reasons breeders cull cattle (Read more – Fact vs. Fantasy: A realistic approach to sire selection), it’s no wonder that Fever daughters will have a long career in many herds.

Health and Fertility Improvement

As I tried to point out in our recent article, Who killed the market for good dairy cattle?, breeders need to focus more on what their actual management goals are and less on their perceptions, or misconceptions.  That means putting a greater focus on health and fertility, when choosing mating sires in your herd.  In addition to Enforcer, Fever and Freddie here are some sires to consider:

  • CERVI PHONIC
    (Rolex x Tugolo x AltaFormation)

    While not a name that most breeders know, Phonic is certainly going to get some attention from breeders looking to breed to where the industry is headed.  With extremely low SCS and high daughter fertility combined with functional type and above average production, Phonic is leaving daughters that are extremely low maintenance. Tracing back to the great Italian brood cow Cervi FIRESTONE, this family has produced such sires as BUXON, WOODSTOCK and PADERNUS. Given his high rump angle, it is interesting that he is such a good  calving ease sire.
  • ZIMMERVIEW BRITT VARS
    (Britt x Tugolo x Metro)

    In Vars you get one of the top proven sires for daughter pregnancy rate, calving ease and productive life. Surprisingly this Britt son has an outstanding fat percentage coming from his MGS Tugolo.  However, his sire stack also dictates that he very much needs to be protected on type, especially udders.  It is ironic that a sire with such high herd life also sires deep udders that need improvement in udder cleft.
  • WALHOWDON RUSSELL COBRA
    (Russell x O Man x BW Marshall)

    Cobra is an early Russell son from a deep cow family.  His genomic test results are extremely high, especially for the health and fertility traits. Breeders looking to enhance the profitability of their herd and push the genomic envelope will certainly be looking to Cobra.   Cobra should be protected on bone quality as well as body depth.

Type Improvement

Hey everyone loves a winner and extra value, so that is why we added 3 extra type improvement sires. Great show cows are as much bred as they are “made”, as is evident by some of the great show cows from Quality Holsteins (Read more – Quality Holsteins – Well-deserved congratulations)   In addition to the 7 Sires to use in order to breed the next world dairy expo champion, we offer these three sires to consider.

  • GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZ
    (Stormatic x BW Marshall x Winchester)

    Breeders who were are the 2012 Royal Winter Fair (Read more – The 2012 Royal Winter Fair – One of the greatest stories every told!) will certainly find it hard to argue with this selection.  Valleyvillle Rae Lyn VG-89-2YR, sired by Sanchez certainly impressed many and will give even the best Goldwyns a run for their money in 2014 (Read more – Quality Cattle Look Good Every Day). Look for Sanchez to sire extreme frames and superb feet and legs, though he may need to be protected on rear teat position and teat length
  • TOC-FARM DUPLEX GLAUCO
    (Duplex x Allen x Progress)

    For those of you looking for something with an international flair but a solid base, there is Glauco.  Glauco is the Duplex son of the great Italian show cow TOC-FARM ALLEN AMYLY EX-96-ITA, who is from a EX-93-ITA Progress and then the great brood cow SUNNYLODGE SKYCHIEF AMY EX-95-2E-GBR 5* who of course is from an EX-2E 8* Tab then the legendary SUNNYLODGE PRELUDE SPOTTIE VG-87-3YR-CAN 18*.  Glauco daughters are extremely tall and open and have  amazing rear udders. He should be protected on the  set to his rear legs (curved ), similar to Skychief but with much better bone quality.
  • VAL-BISSON DOORMAN
    (Bookem x Shottle x Goldwyn)

    For those of you who breed for type but are willing to use genomic sires, Doorman is for you.  This Bookem from a Shottle has no great show cattle in his pedigree, but, at +22, he does  have a very high genomic test for conformation. Genomically test speaking, he is the perfect sire for the show ring. Doorman will be a great test to see if Genomics works in the show ring (Read more – Does Genomics Belong in the Show Ring?)

The Bullvine Bottom Line

We  have stated it many times. In maximizing your genetic gain,  you can’t just pick from the top of the TPI or LPI list.  You need to make sure that your  matings are the best corrective cross.  Breeding great cattle is part art  and part science. You need to have both parts.   It takes careful consideration and generation after generation of corrective mating to breed great cow families.  That is why, instead of just giving you a list of the top 12 we tried to provide you with insight into which sires will provide you with the maximum gain in each specific area.

Check out our  Genetic Evaluations Section for more information.

 

Confused on what group of genomic young sires to use for your breeding program?  Not sure which sires are the real deals and which ones are just smoke and mirrors (read The Hot House Effect on Sire Sampling)?  We decided to take a closer look at the top 100 genomic young sires from around the world to determine just which ones are worth using and which ones you are better forgetting.

Based on our analysis of the early genomic sires that  received indexes, we first removed all sires from our list that didn’t have DGV’s available or higher than their parent average for the traits we judge as important (read 7 Reasons Why You Shouldn’t Use Genomic Sires With DGV’s Lower Than Their Parent Averages).  Then instead of just giving you the highest list based on their GPA TPI or GPA LPI we decided to look for sires that fit certain needs.  They are overall performers, production, durability, health and fertility and conformation.  The following are the results.

Overall Performance Improvement

AMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA VG-87-2YR-USA dam of SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE

AMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA VG-87-2YR-USA dam of SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE

While bulls like Amighetti Numero Uno may top the GPA TPI list, we are looking for a more needs approach.  The following are the sires we would recommend when looking for a genomic young sire to provide overall performance improvement.

  • SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE
    This Robust son from 2012 Golden Dam Finalist AMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA VG-87-2YR-USA, really is a genomic wonder.  Not only does he have the highest genomic values in the breed for production but he also has great functional type and health traits to go with it.  Here you have a sire that is over 2500 lbs. for milk, with positive component deviations, 2.50 for type, and over 7 for productive life.  He really is the complete package.
  • VELTHUIS LET IT SNOW
    From the LYLEHAVEN LILA Z EX-94-CAN 14* (also a 2012 Golden Dam Finalist) family comes, the CDN GPA LPI topper VELTHUIS LET IT SNOW.  While possessing 500 lbs. less production and half the productive life of that of Supersire, this Snowman son has outstanding type composites and the genomic test to make up the difference for those of you that do not want to sacrifice overall type.  I would protect Let It Snow on the health and fertility side a little.
  • ROSYLANE-LLC ALTALEO
    I am always looking for sires whose genomic tests blow out their expected values, and ROSYLANE-LLC ALTALEO does that by almost 19%.  AltaLeo does not top any  GPA TPI or GPA LPI lists, but he does seem to far exceed the values you would expect from an AltaMeteor from a not very well known Nifty (Bombay x Zebo) daughter.  For those of you who like to take flyers on bulls who just seem to be extreme, AltaLeo is the sire for you.  While he does need to be protected on rump and dairy strength, for those that are willing to take the risk, they may find the reward is well worth it.

Production Improvement

MS CHARTROISE LORELEI VG-87-2YR-CAN dam of BOLDI V LIGHTSNOW

MS CHARTROISE LORELEI VG-87-2YR-CAN dam of BOLDI V LIGHTSNOW

For those of you that are more commercially focused or maybe those of you who have not focused enough on production and the milk check is showing it, here are our recommendations other than Supersire for genomic young sires to use to gain the greatest production increase:

  • DE-SU PHOENIX 588
    PHOENIX is a Planet from DE-SU 7902 GP-81-2YR-USA DOM, whose dam De-Su Oman 6121 VG-86-2YR-USA DOM GMD has over 20 daughters on the locator list and is the dam of De-Su Observer, one of the early top genomic sires.  Phoenix combines outstanding production and components with strong conformation.  Though a Planet x Bolton cross may raise some concerns about rumps, Phoenix should inherit his maternal line’s rumps and be okay.  The area of strong concern that he does need protected on is his health and fertility traits, specifically his daughter fertility and milking speed.
  • BOLDI V LIGHTSNOW
    Lightsnow also from the LYLEHAVEN LILA Z EX-94-CAN 14* family is a Snowman from the well-known Planet daughter MS CHARTROISE LORELEI VG-87-2YR-CAN.  Lightsnow offers 160 lbs. of combined fat and protein, offering breeders a quick punch of components while not having to sacrifice production.  While needing to be protected a little on some of the health and fertility traits, Lightsnow offers outstanding production improvement with a very balanced type offering.

Longevity Improvement

MS CHASSITY GOLDWYN CASH VG-87-2YR-CAN dam of FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY

MS CHASSITY GOLDWYN CASH VG-87-2YR-CAN dam of FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY

For those of you that are looking to breed cattle that last lactation after lactation or maybe you have having problems with your 2 year olds not coming back for a 2nd lactation we recommend the genomic young sires:

  • BLUE-HORIZON ALTASUPLEX
    As the #2 sire for productive life (NO-FLA AltaSecure is #1) BLUE-HORIZON ALTASUPLEX offers significant longevity improvement.  Unlike AltaSecure this Super son combines that high productive life with over 1400lbs of milk, and 3.00 points on type.  While he does need to be protected %F, dairy strength and rumps, AltaSuplex offers extreme functional conformation improvement that you would expect from a great grandson of BUDJON-JK ENCORE ELECTRA EX-95-2E-USA DOM GMD 3*.
  • VAL-BISSON DOORMAN
    Following closely behind AltaSuplex for #2 on the top genomic longevity list is Doorman, a Bookem from a Shottle that completes 8 generations of VG+ with 31*.  Doorman offers a more complete package with not needing protected on much as he is over 1300 kgs of Milk, plus on both his component deviations, and double digits for all major type traits.  In fact his DGV for conformation and mammary system are among the very best in the breed at +22.  While the family may not be a household name yet,  Doorman could be the sire that changes that as he even converts well onto the US system with a GTPI of +2465, PTAT +4.72 and almost a 1000 lbs of Milk and over 100 lbs of combined fat and protein.
  • FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY
    There hasn’t been a  better  brood cow for type and longevity recently  than 2012 Golden Dam Finalist REGANCREST-PR BARBIE EX-92-7YR-USA DOM GMD 3*.  Now this trend continues with her grand daughter, and fellow 2012 Golden Dam Finalist REGANCREST S CHASSITY EX-92-4YR-USA DOM, and also Chassity’s Goldwyn daughter, and Cashmoney’s dam MS CHASSITY GOLDWYN CASH VG-87-2YR-CAN.  Not only does Cashmoney have an extremely well known female side to his pedigree, his sire stack is nothing to laugh at either.  He combines OBSERVER x GOLDWYN x SHOTTLE x CHAMPION x DURHAM, and from a longevity standpoint he’s the best there is on the list.  Cashmoney really is the real deal though I would protect him on strength and rumps.

Health and Fertility Improvement

One area that is not getting enough attention by most breeders is health and fertility. While there is no question that every breeder knows that more pregnancies equals more profits many of the top ranking sires actually have negative values for health and fertility.  The following are a couple of specialist sires that should help you change that:

  • S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM
    Possessing no Planet, Shottle or Goldwyn in his pedigree S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM has some of the highest DGV’s for health and fertility.  Lithium is from one of the top genomic cows in the breed, GLEN-TOCTIN BOLT LUCILLE VG-87-DOM.  Combining high herd life, low Somatic Cell counts and high daughter fertility with over 1600 lbs of milk, 110 of fat and protein and 2.5 points on type makes Lithium a great choice when looking for improvement.  It is interesting to note that his DGV’s for health and fertility are almost 8% higher than the next highest sire (BRANDT-VIEW ALTAOTIS) and 50% higher than his own official index, indicating that he really is the sire to use when wanting to address this area that has flown under the radar far too long.
  • HAMMER-CREEK FRED KRUNCH
    With his low Somatic Cell Score (2.72), strong udders (2.54 Udder comp.), quick milking speed (106), and high daughter fertility (110 CDN 2 US) Krunch is a breed leader when it comes to health and fertility. Tracing back to WA-DEL RC BLCKSTR MARTHA EX-93-2E-USA GMD DOM 2* combines his strong female lineage with outstanding health and fertility sire stack Freddie x Goldwyn x Zade x Mtoto x Formation x Blackstar.  Though he very much needs to be protected for strength and rumps.

Type Improvement

REGANCREST MAC BIKASA VG-87-2YR-USA  dam of  MR ATWOOD BROKAW

REGANCREST MAC BIKASA VG-87-2YR-USA dam of MR ATWOOD BROKAW

There is no question that some of us put too much emphasis on type improvement when it comes to selecting bulls, especially when many type traits have such low heritability (read Is Your Breeding Strategy A “Field of Dreams”?).  The following sires in addition to Let It Snow and Doorman, will offer you the potential to breed a great show animal.

  • MR ATWOOD BROKAW
    Tied with Doorman for some of the highest type genomics in the breed is MR ATWOOD BROKAW.  Which should come as no surprise as in Brokaw you combine the two greatest type families in the breed today.  On the paternal  side you have Atwood and his dam MD-DELIGHT DURHAM ATLEE EX-92-4YR-USA DOM GMD 2*, 2012 Golden Dam finalist and reserve Int. Champion at Madison in 2005 followed by her grand dam being MS Kingstead Chief Adeen EX-94.  On the maternal side you have REGANCREST MAC BIKASA VG-87-2YR-USA who is the daughter of REGANCREST-PR BARBIE EX-92-7YR-USA DOM GMD 3*, also a 2012 Golden Dam Finalist.  Watch for Brokaw to sire extreme udders and dairy strength, but will need to be protected on rumps from time to time.
  • REGANCREST-GV S BRADNICK
    Also from the of REGANCREST-PR BARBIE EX-92-7YR-USA DOM GMD 3* family, but this time from a VG-88-3YR-USA DOM   1* Shottle daughter REGANCREST BREYA, and sired by GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZ EX-94-6YR-USA ST’12 comes Bradnick.  Breya is the former #3 PTAT Cow in the breed and continues the strong legacy that Barbie started.  In Bradnick you get a sire who is over 3 points on all composites except dairy comp. where he is at 2.92.  In every major type trait Bradnick’s DGV’s are higher than expected and offers more balance than Brokaw who does need to be protected on Rumps.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Anyone can just pick a sire from a top of the GPA TPI or GPA LPI list and call themselves breeders.  But there is more to it than that. Breeding great cattle is part art form part science and you need to have both parts in balance.  It takes careful consideration generation after generation of corrective mating to breed great cow families.  That is why instead of just giving you a list of the top 10 we tried to provide you the insight into which sires will provide you the maximum gain in each specific area.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

Is the glass half-full or half empty?  The comment is often heard that genomics has yet to prove itself.   When index breeding for production traits came on the scene forty years ago, it too was seen as the new kid on the block.  In response,  The Bullvine has decided to compile a list of points could be considered significant dollar opportunities  Please note that these dollar values are derived from the Canadian situation but the general principles can be applied elsewhere.

Sample Only the Best Young Sires

Eliminating the need to sample the bottom 60% of 550 young sires (all breeds) will save the Canadian industry $16.5 M per year.  Add to that, eliminating the loss that producers bear when they must cull daughters of low genetic merit young sires and it is over $20M in savings by genomically testing all young sires and only sampling the top sires.

Turning Generations

Generation interval is extremely important in determining the rate of genetic advancement in a population of food producing livestock.  Shortening the generation interval, by using genomics to more accurately identify the top heifers and young bulls, will decrease the generation interval by one year, when 30% of the population is bred to young genomically tested young sires. That will increase the rate of genetic advancement by 25% per year.  However the rate of usage of genomically tested young sires is fast approaching 50% which equates to a reduction in generation interval of two years. This results in a 60% gain in genetic advancement.  Research has shown that that 60% gain is worth $30M annually for the traits that are currently included in the LPI formula.

Increased Accuracy

When considering the accuracy, with which we know the breeding values of the animal in a population, there are many points to consider:

  • Conducting a low density panel test on all heifer calves in a population of cows has a cost. It also has the benefit of having a totally accurate herdbook, no wrong assignments of parents and these help in genetic evaluations.
  • Knowing the genomic values for all females means that those genetic merit females can be used as recipients or can be fattened and sold for meat.

Identifying the elite females in a population greatly enhances the rewards that can be reaped from using only the best as dams of the next generation. Putting a dollar value on increased accuracy on the female side of a population is not easy to do but by The Bullvine’s calculation it would yield $20M per year in net terms for Canada’s dairy farmers.

Beyond Canada there are great populations of dairy cattle that contribute to the advancement of the genetic merit of dairy cattle everywhere.  Knowing the genomic values of these animals will greatly help North America advance their populations, especially for breeds with numerically smaller numbers.

Traits under Selection

As The Bullvine has reported (read Is Your Breeding Strategy a Field of Dreams) selecting for traits beyond milk, fat, protein, SCC and conformation will become possible with the use of genomics.  Already The Bullvine has learned from our followers that they look forward to knowing in genetic terms details for feed efficiency, production limiting disease resistance, calf health and liveability, reproduction traits and more.  Putting an industry dollar value on knowing the growth of those additional traits is not possible at this time.  But it will be quite a significant number.

Inbreeding

This article will not spend time addressing inbreeding as it has been addressed previously in The Bullvine (read Inbreeding: Does Genomics Affect The Balancing Act).  Suffice to say at this time inbreeding can be handled when selection uses genomic values.  Not previously mentioned by the Bullvine on inbreeding is the fact that in dairy cattle populations beyond Holsteins there is considerable benefit to using genomics to select semen and embryos from outside a country’s borders.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

So far in this article, The Bullvine has been able to identify over $70M to $100M in annual benefit to Canadian dairy breeders alone from the use of genomics.  That means $10,000 annually for each and every breeder.  So is the glass half full or half empty when it comes to using genomics? How do you see it?
The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

As I watch how the dairy industry has changed over the recent years, and more specifically the dairy breeding industry, I find myself asking the question “is the tail wagging the dog?” Specifically I want to know, “Are dairy breeders dictating to A.I. companies what bulls they want to use and what trait they are looking for, or, is it the other way around?

So much has been made of how genomics has changed the dairy breeding industry lately, and yet, it still seems as though the large A.I. companies are trying to tell dairy breeders what they should be interested in, instead of dairy breeders, who know their own needs, telling the A.I. companies what’s important to them.

In any marketplace it should always be the consumer dictating to the producer what’s important. For the dairy industry that means that “Joe public” should dictate what’s important. Do they want hormone free milk, do they want milk that is from non-genetically manipulated animals. All this should be and, ultimately, will be determined by the end consumer.

Then as the milk producer, based on your own goals or strategy to deliver a product that is of high value to the end consumer you manage your herd appropriately. That means selecting of sires and genetics that will help you satisfy “Joe public.” Too often, I find that A.I. companies are caught up in themselves. They either have a new hot sire that they want to push, or they have developed what they think is a “distinct” differentiation from the other A.I. companies and want you to buy into that.

Your breeding program should not be dictated to you by who the popular sire of the moment is or what is the cheapest semen you can get. Dairy cattle breeding is not a popularity contest. It is something you should put time into and carefully consider based on your overall farm/herd goals and where you’re genetic programs fit into that. You can then decide what traits are important to you and what sires will help you achieve the desired results. As a progressive dairy breeder you need to be in charge of your genetic programs, not the local semen salesmen who get their marching orders from someone who does not know your specific needs and goals.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The biggest thing I have learned in my years working with various large corporate entities is that it all starts with the end consumer. Look for what they want and work your way back. For dairy breeders who want to be market leaders, that means looking at milk consumption. What trends are happening there, what trends are going on in animal welfare? By looking ahead instead of behind you will not only not be caught in the latest fad, but rather you will see the rewards in your pocket book.

 

For more information check out The Bullvine Bull Book or our Genetic Evaluation Resource Center.

 

If you are like many of us you are alternately amazed, overwhelmed and confused by the barrage of information that is fed to you through your breed organizations, cattle committees and industry publications. As part of The Bullvine`s commitment to be an informative and understandable resource for cattle breeders, I have spent considerable time trying to get my non-scientific head around the 2011 paper in the Journal of Dairy Science entitled, “Novel strategies to minimize progeny inbreeding while maximizing genetic gain using genomic information.”  Was it worth the bother? Yes. Definitely.

What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You

We can all agree that Genomic information is a tremendous breakthrough for cattle breeding.  With all the potential, it didn’t take long for the concern to arise that greater rates of genetic gain could lead to higher annual rates of inbreeding.  My wild imagination skipped to a picture of everyone breeding to the top bulls and ending up with a single family.  Even if that seems outrageous, it is definitely possible that generation intervals could be halved through taking advantage of the accurate GEBV’s available at birth and this could increase the inbreeding per year. Therefore, I definitely wanted to find out from this paper published by Pryce, Hayes and Goddard in Australia on how genomic information offers possibilities to control the level of progeny inbreeding.

Concern:  Are we moving from homogenized milk to homozygous cows?

Let’s take a look at the indicators that might lead us to believe the answer is, “Yes!”

  • Genomic predictions are both cost effective and highly accurate. Therefore there is the very definite potential to accelerate the rate of genetic gain beyond that achieved through progeny testing.
  • Shorter generation intervals could result in large numbers of animals who are similar in genetic makeup due to the sires used.
  • It’s human nature to aim for the best.  The uptake of genomics has been beyond anything previously predicted or imagined.  Not only is the playing field being leveled it is being dramatically narrowed down.

Strategies to Control the Rate of Inbreeding

An important part of this Australian study was to evaluate the effect of the three strategies tested on the homozygosity of deleterious recessives.  In other words, what can breeders do to limit the potential for negative effects of inbreeding? Before, we go further, it is interesting to note, that these researchers referenced more than twenty other research papers.  The focus on this subject is concentrated and that can only be good for the eventual outcome for breeder decision making.

The main limitation of comparing methods to predict progeny inbreeding is that, at this time, there is no best practice for measuring inbreeding.  Pedigree is flawed by errors and gaps and often, particularly in commercial herds, the depth of pedigree.  Genomic relationships calculated using SNP data could have errors from incorrect identification of samples.

The goal of these researchers was to compare 3 strategies for controlling progeny inbreeding in mating plans:

  • Pedigree inbreeding coefficients
  • Genomic relationships
  • Shared runs of homozygosity.

The Good News Is….

I know this all sounds very complex, but relax there is good news. The study found that both genomic relationships and pedigree relationships were successful strategies to control the rate of inbreeding under genomic selection. They also concluded that using genomic relationships instead of pedigree relationships “appears to be better at constraining genomic inbreeding under genomic selection.”  The unique part of their study was that they went a step further and proposed “using runs of homozygosity to control the rate of inbreeding.”

Again I know sounds very complex.  So let’s try and break it down. One of the underlying processes of inbreeding is that it increases the frequency of both favorable and deleterious homozygotes.  ROH stands for run of homozygosity.  If the occurrence of deleterious homozygotes is more likely to arise as a consequence of recent inbreeding (which is the potential of heavy use of genomics) then strategies to minimize ROH could be a way of reducing them. A novel approach, don’t you agree?

What did they do?

In the research simulation they used 300 cows with 20 sires available for mating, replicated 50 times.  Each of the 300 individuals allocated as dams were matched to 1 of 20 sires to maximize genetic merit minus the penalty for estimated progeny inbreeding and given the restriction that the sire could not be mated to more than 10% of the cows. In the discussion part of the paper, which, of course, is the easiest part to understand they offer this: “The results presented here show that using A GRM instead of pedigree in a mating plan is an effective way to reduce the expected inbreeding in progeny, with minimal effect on the genetic gain for the inbreeding objective.”  The breeding objective in Australia is expressed as APR and in Canada it is LPI and in the US is TPI.

What can YOU do Today?

Before we go on to look at the financial aspect of this discussion, you should refer to the Genomic Evaluation Details which are available from CDN (Canadian Dairy Network) or from your breed association.  In the CDN report there is a column that gives the percentage inbreeding (%ING) numbers for the Sire; Dam and MGS.  In general it could be agreed that 0-8 is good; 8 to 10 is okay: 11 to 14 watch and 15 or more take action.

What is the Dollar Difference of Inbreeding?

Inbreeding affects profitability by adversely affecting traits related to fitness and production.  Data from the US reported that the current cost of inbreeding over an average cow’s lifetime was US$24.  For this study a conservative value of $5 per year was used as the economic value per 1% increase in inbreeding. “These results demonstrate that using GRM information, a 1% reduction in progeny inbreeding (valued at around $5 per cow) can be made with very little compromise in the overall breeding objective.  These results and the availability of low-cost, low –density genotyping make it attractive to apply mating plans that use genomic information in commercial herds.”

By itself this economic benefit does not currently justify the investment in whole herd genotyping, if one considers that pedigree information is free and appears to do a pretty good job of controlling inbreeding, However, it may be economically worthwhile for dairy farmers to invest in whole-herd low-density genotyping in conjunction with other uses of genotyping. Examples could include confirming parentage, selecting the best heifer calves to keep as herd replacements, managing genetic defects, flushing and selling high-value pedigree stock. These researchers conclude: “Based on our calculations the value of genotyping to control inbreeding could be worth between $5 and $10 per cow.”  You do the math.

THE BULLVINE BOTTOM LINE

So this is my untrained, non-scientific understanding of this single paper on a subject that is growing faster than gossip on a grapevine.  Having said that, it is each dairy breeder’s job to be informed.  Use your network to find out who has the best answers to this question because when it comes down to the affect of inbreeding on YOUR breeding bottom line it’s YOUR money!
The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

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I can tell you the number of times I have seen top breeders spend hours upon hours deciding who to mate their top cattle.  While I understand the importance of this decision, often times I find that the final decision is based on traits that are so low in heritability the chance of actually improving the cow for that trait is extremely low.  As a result, the mating they were hoping to give them that next great one, turns out to be a field of dreams.

What is Heritability?

Heritability is a measure of the degree (0 to 100%) to which offspring resemble their parents for a specific trait. This definition can be extended to all genetic relationships such as half sisters sired by the same bull. Heritability measures the strength of the relationship between performance (phenotype) and breeding value (genotype) of an individual animal. Recall that “heritability” applies to a specific trait measured in a specific population of animals at a specific point in time. If the same trait is measured in a slightly different way in some other group of animals, the estimate of heritability can be expected to be different.

Why Should You Care About Heritability?

Heritability tells you the breeder how much confidence to place in the phenotypic performance of an animal when choosing parents of the next generation. For highly heritable traits where heritability exceeds 0.35, the animal’s phenotype is a good indicator of genetic merit or breeding value. For lowly heritable traits, where heritability is below 0.15, an animal’s performance is much less useful in identifying the individuals with the best genes for the trait.

This is where the problem lies.  The following is a breakdown of High vs Low heritability traits.

High Medium Low
Milk Yield (0.43) Fat Yield (0.34) Herd Life (0.10)
Protein Yield (40) Somatic Cell Score (0.27) Calving Ability (0.6)
Fat Percentage (est. 0.50) Milking Speed (0.21) Daughter Calving Ability (0.6)
Protein Percentage (est. 0.50) Conformation (0.26) Milking Temperament (0.13)
Lactation Persistency (0.40) Rump (0.23) Daughter Fertility (0.7)
Dairy Strength (0.36) Mammary System (0.25) Feet & Legs (0.15)

What Should You Do About Traits With Low Heritabilities?

Heritability can tell us how closely genetic merit follows phenotypic performance, but it tells us nothing about the economic value of better performance. Some traits with low heritabilities, such as the survival and fitness have low heritabilities but high economic value. Other traits, like stature, are moderately to highly heritable, but have insufficient economic value to be given much emphasis in selection programs. Low heritable traits of substantial economic value should always be targeted for improvement through better environmental conditions. This often has the most direct impact and often can be done much quicker than through breeding programs.

The dairy industry is increasingly interested in genetic improvement of health, fitness, survival, and reproductive traits. Milk production is more heritable than these traits, and genetic gains in milk production for the last 30 years have been substantial. Perhaps part of the reason for increased emphasis on equally valuable traits of lower heritability has been the genetic progress made in milk production. Many farmers feel that their cows have more genetic ability to produce than can be utilized efficiently on many dairy farms. The relative economic value of the fitness traits and milk production appears to have changed and selection objectives will change as well.

What is the Heritability of Type Traits?

As the follow table shows.  Trying to improve feet and legs is often better served through management than breeding, while stature and body depth would show a more rapid genetic gain.

Stature 0.42
Strength 0.31
Body Depth 0.37
Dairy Form 0.29
Rump Angle 0.33
Thurl Width 0.26
Rear Legs Side View 0.11
Foot Angle 0.15
Feet and Leg Score 0.17
Fore Udder Attachment 0.29
Rear Udder Height 0.28
Udder Cleft 0.24
Udder Depth 0.28
Front Teat Placement 0.26
Teat Length 0.26
Final Score 0.29

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Heritability is one of the most important concepts when it comes to your breeding program.  There are several working definitions, as heritability is used to help plan breeding programs, determine management strategies, estimate breeding values of individual animals, and predict response to selection. In general, traits related to fertility, fitness, health and survival have low heritabilities of less than 0.15. Production traits like milk or protein yield are moderately heritable, with values from 0.15 to about 0.40. So if you are looking to see significant gains from your breeding programs it’s best to focus on highly heritable traits, otherwise your breeding program is more of a field of dreams.

 

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