meta Dairy Outlook: April 2018 :: The Bullvine - The Dairy Information You Want To Know When You Need It

Dairy Outlook: April 2018


 

Despite February all milk prices showing a continued decline, March Class III and Class IV show early indications of a slow down in that price drop. March Class III was $0.82 higher and Class IV was $0.17 higher than the previous m-onth. Predicted mailbox prices for Pennsylvania based on Class III and Class IV prices will continue to fluctuate between $15.50 and $16.75 for the next several months (Gould, 2018).

The Penn State Extension Dairy Team recently completed the collection of 2017 actual costs during our 2018 cash flow planning season. To reflect the changes in dairy operations, the 3 year average breakeven Pennsylvania IOFC breakeven and milk margin breakeven have been adjusted to $9.00/milk cow/day and $12.33/cwt, respectfully. this encompasses year end actual data from 2015 thru 2017. Since December, Pennsylvania average IOFC has been below this three year average. Each farms breakeven, received milk price, production, and feed costs will be unique. Tracking indvidual IOFC and/or milk margin monthly will help guide management decisions to weather the current downturn.

Table 1: 12 month Pennsylvania and U.S. All Milk Income, Feed Cost, Income over Feed Cost ($/milk cow/day)

¹Based on corn, alfalfa hay, and soybean meal equivalents to produce 75 lbs. of milk (Bailey & Ishler, 2007)

²The 3 year average actual IOFC breakeven in Pennsylvania from 2015-2017 was $9.00 ± $1.67 ($/milk cow/day) (Beck, Ishler, Goodling, 2018).

Table 2: 12 month Pennsylvania and U.S. All Milk Price, Feed Cost, Milk Margin ($/cwt for lactating cows)

¹Based on corn, alfalfa hay, and soybean meal equivalents to produce 75 lbs. of milk (Bailey & Ishler, 2007)

²The 3 year average actual Milk Margin breakeven in Pennsylvania from 2015-2017 was $12.33 ± $2.29 ($/cwt) (Beck, Ishler, Goodling, 2018).

Figure 1: 12 month PA Milk Income and Income over Feed Cost

²The 3 year average actual IOFC breakeven in Pennsylvania from 2014-2016 was $8.97 ± $1.76 ($/milk cow/day) (Beck, Ishler, Goodling, 2017).

Figure 2: 24 month Actual and Predicted* Class III, Class IV, and Pennsylvania Average Mailbox Price ($/cwt)

*Predicted values based on Class III and Class IV futures regression (Gould, 2018).

Table 3: 24 month Actual and Predicted* Class III, Class IV, and Pennsylvania Average Mailbox Price ($/cwt)

Month Class III Price Class IV Price Average PA Mailbox Price
Mar-17 $15.81 $14.32 $17.91
Apr-17 $15.22 $14.01 $16.43
May-17 $15.57 $14.49 $16.32
Jun-17 $16.44 $15.89 $17.17
Jul-17 $15.45 $16.60 $17.40
Aug-17 $16.57 $16.61 $18.25
Sep-17 $16.36 $15.86 $17.83
Oct-17 $16.69 $14.85 $17.49
Nov-17 $16.88 $13.99 $17.61
Dec-17 $15.44 $13.51 $17.04
Jan-18 $14.00 $13.13 $16.01
Feb-18 $13.40 $12.87 $15.57
Mar-18 $14.22 $13.04 $16.08
Apr-18 $14.43 $13.64 $15.65
May-18 $14.85 $14.27 $16.17
Jun-18 $15.23 $14.47 $16.47
Jul-18 $15.69 $14.76 $16.87
Aug-18 $15.93 $14.93 $17.07
Sep-18 $16.16 $15.31 $17.38
Oct-18 $16.15 $15.28 $18.17
Nov-18 $16.07 $15.33 $18.16
Dec-18 $16.00 $15.33 $18.12
Jan-19 $15.67 $15.25 $17.90
Feb-19 $15.72 $15.20 $17.90

*Italicized predicted values based on Class III and Class IV futures regression (Gould, 2018).

To look at feed costs and estimated income over feed costs at varying production levels by zip code, check out the Penn State Extension Dairy Teams DairyCents or DairyCents Pro apps today.

Data sources for price data

All Milk Price: Pennsylvania and U.S. All Milk Price (USDA, 2018)

Predicted Class III, Class IV, and Pennsylvania Mailbox Price (average of the Eastern and Western PA mailbox Price) (Gould, 2018)

Alfalfa Hay: Pennsylvania and U.S. monthly Alfalfa Hay Price (USDA, 2018)

Corn Grain: Pennsylvania and U.S. monthly Corn Grain Price (USDA, 2018)

Soybean Meal: Feed Price List (Ishler, 2018) and average of Decatur, Illinois Rail and Truck Soybean Meal, High Protein prices, National Feedstuffs (Gould, 2018).

 

Source: PennState Extension


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