Archive for January 2014

It’s that time of year again.  Award shows are on all the major North American Networks and other dairy magazines are telling you who they think are the best show animals from across North America.  However, as we all know, the results pretty much follow World Dairy Expo placings for All-American and the Royal placings for All-Canadian.  Nevertheless, as you might expect, here at the Bullvine we like to do this a little differently.  That is why we let YOU decide who were the best animals to walk on the tanbark trail this year.

With over 2000 breeders casting their ballots, this year’s voting was intense.  There were many top animals that did not exhibit at both World Dairy Expo and the Royal, as well as the new international class.  This meant that the competition was tighter than ever.

Spring Heifer Calf

Breeders Choice 2013 - Godin Bless Windbrookw

Even though Godin Bless Windbrook did not make it the Royal she rides her World Dairy Expo victory to a convincing win.  The real battle in this class was between Royal winner JM Valley Atwood Agadou and 5th at Expo, and 6th at the Royal, Jacobs Charlie Drayo, with Agadau finishing 2nd and Drayo 3rd.  Drayo got a significant 2nd and 3rd place votes and appearing on more voters cards than Agadua.  Also if interesting note is that 2nd place at the Royal, and 3rd place at Expo, Sco-Lo-Coons Atti Banshe drops to 4th in the voting.

BC Spring Heifer

 

Winter Heifer Calf

Breeders Choice 2013 - Altona Lea Stanleycup Gretzkyw

In a class where the World Dairy Expo winner, Jacobs Goldwyn Lenny, and the Royal winner Altona Lea Stanleycup Gretzky never met in the same class, it was left of to the breeders to decide who was the best of the best.  Ultimately, just like in Hockey, Gretzky came out on top in the closet battle of all the heifer classes.  Squeaking into 3rd place was 2nd place from the Royal, Rolling-Spring Dami Easy.

BC Winter Heifer

 

Fall Heifer Calf

Breeders Choice 2013 - Comestar Larion Goldwynw

Despite Petitclerc Gold Saltalmacchia winning at World Dairy Expo and placing a respectable 3rd at the Royal, she finishes 2nd in the Breeders Choice award to Royal Winner, and 3rd place at Expo, Comestar Larion Goldwyn.  Impressive in this class was also how Ferme Jacobs had 3 heifers in the top six with Jacobs Winbrook Bally finishing 3rd, Jacobs Alexander Everything 4th, and Jacobs Sid Bamba 6th.

BC Fall Heifer

 

Summer Yearling Heifer

Breeders Choice 2013 - EASTSIDE ATWOOD GLEEw

Avenging her defeat at World Dairy Expo to Quad-R Attic Malibu and riding her Royal victory to the convincing win was Eastside Atwood Glee.  In fact Malibu did not even finish in the top 3, with 6th place from the Royal and 18th place from Expo, Jacobs Sid Glory squeaking into 2nd and 3rd place from Expo and 4th place from the Royal Signature R Katness.  It was extremely close between 2nd and 4th with less than 2% separating them.

BC SUMMER Yearling Heifer

 

Spring Yearling Heifer

Breeders Choice 2013 - Cameron Ridge Atwood Beautyw

Even then she did not come to the Royal, World Dairy Expo winner and Junior Champion, Cameron Ridge Atwood Beauty, dominated this class.  Placing a strong 2nd as Royal winner, Rotaly Winbrook Hilda.  Then in a close battle 3rd place from World Dairy Expo, MS Fever Legacy, edge out 2nd place from Expo, Benrise Gold Jewelry for honorable mention.

BC spring Yearling Heifer

 

Winter Yearling Heifer

Breeders Choice 2013 - Cobequid Goldwyn Bayonet

There certainly is a strong reason to attend both World Dairy Expo and the Royal, and Cobequid Goldwyn Bayonet benefited from attending both.  Avenging her World Dairy Expo loss to Welsh-Edge Fever Huggable, to win the class.  Finishing in 3rd was Winright Sid Elegance who dominated early in the show season and finished 2nd at the Royal.

BC winter Yearling Heifer

 

Fall Yearling Heifer

Breeders Choice 2013 - FANICO REGINALD MARTYw

Dominant all year in winning both World Dairy Expo and the Royal, Fanico Reginald Marty won by the most convincing of margins in the heifer classes.  Her extreme popularity also propelled her to Junior Champion Honors.   Marty appeared on 99% of the voters cards and had an impressive 77% of the 1st place votes.  Finishing in a close battle for 2nd was Idee Goldwyn Livia, over 2012 Breeders Choice Junior Champion, MD-Dunloafin Lauth Ellie.

BC fall Yearling Heifer

 

Milking Yearling

Breeders Choice 2013 - Extondale Sid Iamsw

In an extremely close class of Milking Yearlings, World Dairy Expo winner Extondale Sid Iams won the class, despite not attending the Royal.  Only 2% behind her in the voting was Royal winner Combhaven Sid Monica, in one of the closets battles of the day.  Finishing a strong 3rd was 2nd place from the Royal, and 3rd place from World Dairy Expo, MS Atwood Adrenaline, who actually appeared on more voters cards than each of the winners, as a result of the fact that she attend both shows that the top two did not.  She was followed closely behind by 2nd from World Dairy Expo and 4th at the Royal, Arethusa Fever Almira.

BC MILKING YEARLING

 

Junior 2 Year Old

Breeders Choice 2013 - BELFAST GOLDWYN LASENZAw

It’s no surprise that after dominating the Junior 2 year old class all year that Belfast Goldwyn Lasenza would win the class handily with over 80% of the 1st place votes and appearing on 99% of the voters ballots.  Coming in a strong 2nd was 2nd place from the Royal, and 3rd place at Expo, Petitclerc Sid Sunkiss.  Of interesting note is that in our 2012 predictions of who would be the best 2 year olds, both Lasenza and Sunkiss topped our lists.  Rounding out the top 3 was 6th place from the Royal and 4th at Expo, Jacobs Atwood Vedette.

BC JUNIOR 2 YEAR OLD

 

Senior 2 Year Old

Breeders Choice 2013 -CHARWILL ATTIC MARCYw

In the most convincing win in the whole contest, Charwill Attic Marcy.  From upsetting the extremely popular REW Happy Go Lucky at NY Spring Show to her wins at Expo and the Royal Marcy absolutely dominated this class.  (Read more:New York Spring Holstein Show 2013 Results )She had 90% of the 1st place votes and appeared on 99% of the voters ballots.  In an extremely close battle 2nd place at Expo and 3rd at the Royal, Jacobs Duplex Anna edge out Futurecrest Aftershock Tahlia, who despite topping the Sale of Stars, did not show at the Royal or Expo (Read more: Sale of Stars Averages $19,344).  It is interesting to note that under last year’s system (only voting for 1st place) Tahlia would have actually been the 2nd.

BC SR 2 YEAR OLD

 

Junior 3 Year Old

Breeders Choice 2013 - BVK ATWOOD ABRIANNAw

With a different top 3 at World Dairy Expo than the Royal, you knew the results were going to get interesting.  And interesting they did.  It was 2nd place from World Dairy Expo, BVK Atwood Abrianna, upset Expo winner Ehrhardt Gold Beauty, and Royal winner Phoenix Sanchez Geo.  This was the closet class of the day with only 10% separating the top 3.

BC JUNIOR 3 YEAR OLD

 

Senior 3 Year Old

Breeders Choice 2013 - AINGERS ADVENT BAMBIw

In a class that was billed to be the best and toughest Senior 3 year old class in history coming into the Royal (Read more: The 2013 Royal Winter Fair Holstein Show Preview – Expect the Un-expected) it is no surprise that Royal Winner Aingers Advent Bambi, rides that win to victory and the Intermediate Champion of this year’s Breeders Choice competition.  In a reversal of Royal placing’s, Butz-Butler Gold Barbara uses the power of her Intermediate Champion victory at Expo to defeat the late in lactation Valleyville Rae Lynn, and avenge her defeat to Rae Lynn in the 2012 Breeders Choice Senior 2 year old class.  It is interesting to note that Barbara actually appeared on more ballots than Bambi, but Bambi had more 1st place votes.

BC SENIOR 3 YEAR OLD

 

4 Year Old

Breeders Choice 2013 - Robrook Goldwyn Cameronw

In was a back and forth battle all year with Cookview Goldwyn Monique, last year’s Breeders Choice Intermediate Champion, winning at Expo and Reserve Grand at Expo and Royal, and Robrook Goldwyn Cameron, winning at the Royal and being named Grand Champion you know the voting was going to come down to these two great cows.  In the end it was Cameron riding her victory at the Royal to win this class.  Coming in a strong 3rd place as she did at Expo was Jacobs Goldwyn Valana.

BC 4 YEAR OLD

 

5 Year Old

Breeders Choice 2013 -  Ms Goldwyn Alanaw

In what was one of the closet classes at World Dairy Expo, Rosedale Lexington defeated MS Goldwyn Alana, but did not attend the Royal.  Alana on the other hand went on to win Grand at EIHQ (Read more: Expo International Holstein Quebec) and then win her class at the Royal and go on to be HM at the Royal.  It was that late seasons performance in Lexington’s absence that propelled Alana to the victory in this class.  Coming in a close race for 3rd was Gerann Roy Grendal over the popular T-Triple-T Gold Prize.

BC 5 YEAR OLD

 

Mature Cow

Breeders Choice 2013 - BONACCUEIL MAYA GOLDWYNw

You would think that winning Grand Champion at World Dairy Expo would be an instant class winner.  However, Bonaccueil Maya Goldwyn was in for a tough battle, but not with the cow that beat her at the Royal but rather with last year’s Breeders Choice Grand Champion, who was undefeated in her class in 2013, which included a victory over Maya at Quebec Championship.  With only 2% separating these two great cows, it was Maya who came out on top.  Coming in 3rd was Royal class winner Calbrett Goldwyn Layla.

BC MATURE COW

 

International

Breeders Choice 2013 - Decausaz Iron O'Kalibraw

In what was the most landslide class of the day, the extremely popular Decausaz Iron O’Kalibra rides her European Championship victory of Ashlynn Vray Goldwyn to the win (Read more: The All European Championship Show: The Greatest SHOW on Earth).  Not only did Decausaz Iron O’Kalibra win the International victory she also went on to a landslide victory for 2013 Breeders Choice Grand Champion.  Coming in a strong 3rd placing was the intermediate champion from EU championship, Huddlesford Duplex Medora, a cow with a very bright future.

BC INTERNATIONAL

 

Premier Breeder and Exhibitor

IMG_8729

After winning premier breeder at World Dairy Expo and breeder and Exhibitor at the Royal, Ferme Jacobs wins in a landslide for both Exhibitor and Breeder.

 

The Bullvine Bottom Line

With so many cows not attending both the World Dairy Expo and The Royal we knew that the results would get interesting.  And while the cows that did attend both and win both had dominant victories, with so many upsets at the Royal, it made voting very interesting.  It also opened the door for Decausaz Iron O’Kalibra to win Grand Champion honors as there was no one dominant cow in North America for her to do battle with.

 

Stay tuned for more Breeders Choice Awards next week.

 

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Bram Prins picEvery dairy family builds their agricultural legacy over time.  For Bram Prins it started in the Netherlands over forty years ago. “In 1968 our family decided to move to county Groningen. As the oldest of seven children I worked with my father to start farming 54 ha of arable land where we had 100 cows. “  

This is the early motivation that first inspired Bram Prins to look to agriculture as a career.  However, three decades later he is still passionate about dairy farming and more importantly how it can continue to grow and be profitable.  On February 5th he will share his enthusiasm, experience and insights as a keynote speaker at the 2nd Annual Canadian Dairy Xpo in Stratford Ontario.  If you’re looking for a “day off” this is the exact place to get recharged and revitalized for the year ahead. Building on the resounding success of last year’s inaugural event, Canadian Dairy Xpo 2014 organizers have put together a tremendous diversity of products, experts and entertainment in one place at one time (Check out the full Canadian Dairy Expo program).

Bram Prins: Lifelong Learning and Worldwide Classroom

Despite his early involvement on the Groningen farm, Prins, now sixty-two, doesn’t consider himself to have an agricultural background.  However he provides further explanation. “I do not have an agricultural background, but as farmer I do have a wide scope of interests.” This compelled him to lifelong formal and informal expansion of his studies.  “Until last year I undertook training every year and earned minors and training at Nyenrode Businesss School.” A further source of agricultural edification came through many years of involvement with agricultural interest groups. “From 1985 till 2002 I was member of different boards, mainly feed and milk, in the agricultural sector.”

Prins Consulting

From this growing background Bram was prepared to set up a business group. “In 1990 I was the founder of European Dairy Farmers and in this position I travelled a lot around Europe and collected different data, information and knowledge.”

Twelve years later, Bram decided to leave as President of EDF and started working for Wageningen University.  “I began by developing and giving training in a team of Entrepreneurship.” Since that time, he has given trainings in more than 6 different European countries in Interactive Strategic Management.” His interest in problem solving kept him busy too. “I worked also as advisor for individual farms in special topics including mediation, succession and financial management.” His growing expertise became sought out and he has expanded outside the private sector.  “More and more my work includes governments in supporting or coaching farmers in special situations such as outplacement, solving difficult situations etcetera.”

Global Dairy Farmers

In 2005, this intense building of expertise was the foundation for Bram to start Global Dairy Farmers http://www.globaldairyfarmers.com. In 2004 he was joined by another colleague and started one year later GDF  In 2009 Elise Bregman started working for Bram and  became Manager of GDF. Prins is financially responsible for 100% of the company.” Bram is enthusiastic about the need for a business such as the one in inaugurated with Global Dairy Farmers.  Here is someone who is unique in being eager to work on the problems faced by the dairy industry. “I am always looking for solutions to impossible situations and building relationships based on trust.” Bram outlines the core values of GBF. “We are focused on Global Dairy Farmers, rural development and entrepreneurship.” He points out the international growth that has taken place. “This has led to coaching farmers both inside and outside the Netherlands.”

Facing Challenges. Feeding the World.

The challenges faced by dairy producers have a special place in the heart of the President of GDF. Bram sees feeding the world as the number one challenge facing the dairy industry. At the same time, the industry itself is facing globalization. This raises the reality that today milk prices are becoming more equal worldwide. Dairy producers need to become excellent managers. After that, the biggest challenge facing the industry is the one of fulfilling the wishes of the consumer. The producers must accept and deliver what the consumer values.

Think Like An Entrepreneur

As Prins watches the changes that take place internationally, he is especially convinced that dairy producers must think more like entrepreneurs.  Worldwide the influence of farmers as a political group is declining.  The industry must face the reality that there is much less financial support from governments. Having said that he recognizes that farm business operation is evolving. “In some places dairy farming is just like normal business already. Especially in the new upcoming milk regions where backward integration is usual already.”  Prins sees further globalization of milk production including, “in the long run in Canada.”

Bram Prins has 3 children and 14 grand children

Bram Prins has 3 children and 14 grand children

The Future Marketplace

Bram’s global perspective sees new ways that will differentiate dairy producers since eventually it will no longer be by price only.  He sees that culture, climate and growing conditions will have an impact on competitiveness in the dairy marketplace.  Infrastructure will be of prime importance to the sustainability of the dairy industry of the future.

Best Advice for 21st Century Dairy Producer

Prins encourages dairy producers to think big and see the total picture.  “You must look beyond the farm gate and be aware of what is happening worldwide in dairying and in other agricultural sectors too.”  Bram has personally observed, trained and advised dairy stakeholders on the necessity of being market oriented, thinking value-added and dealing with price fluctuations. “If you look at the increasing influence of the market, I believe the next major challenge will be the creation of added value; in my eyes, the step towards sub-flows within dairy production is a logical next step.”

Always Pro-Actively Moving with the Changing Times

When confronted with the issue of globalization, many of us sit back and stress out asking “How bad are things going to be?” Bram Prins urges the dairy sector to pay attention to three evolving areas. “Dairy producers must address the issues relating to sustainability, animal welfare and pro-active communication. “The latter issue especially causes Prins to urge “It is a necessity to build bridges between producers and consumers.” Unfortunately, another of the trends of the industry one that Bram points out.”There is a lack of farmers and qualified labor.”  While this is a reality, he also sees the potential solution. “We will see growth of the size of our farms with the help of automation.”  Expanding further on this side Prins also sees it applied directly to cow management. “We are coming to a cow approach based on ICT in the growing herds.”

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Bram Prins is a dairy industry futurist and is dedicated to serving the dairy sector and looking for innovations, trends and new farm systems. Global Dairy Farmers is committed to identifying problems and finding solutions through discussion, research, projects and strategic studies. Bram Prins recognizes that “Developing future scenarios is one thing: implementing them is another matter.”  Bram hopes to share and inspire a value-added vision of the dairy industry on Thursday, February 6th at Canadian Dairy Xpo 2014 where he will speak on the creation of Global Dairy Farmers and the top 4 insider global dairy trends that every producer needs to know. “It’s the perfect place to get leading edge feedback and encouragement about dairy perspective in the 21st Century and the challenges and opportunities that await us. Be inspired by Bram Prins at the Maizex Dairy Classroom and you could go home from your “day off” with a solution that’s “right on!”

Want to learn more about the top 5 insider global dairy trends? Bram will be presenting at Canadian Dairy Expo on February 6th.

Valedoorn Farm in British Columbia’s Fraser Valley is a family farm.  Tom Hoogendoorn is proud of that designation and how it motivates their family’s business philosophy. We put a great deal of effort into quality of life for our families and employees.”   

This passionate dairy ambassador is set to share his enthusiasm and expertise as a panelist at the 2nd annual Canadian Dairy Xpo in Stratford, Ontario on Thursday, February 6th.  If you’re looking for a “day off” this is the exact place to get recharged and revitalized for the year ahead.  Building on the resounding success of last year’s inaugural event, Canadian Dairy Xpo 2014 organizers have put together a tremendous diversity of products, experts and entertainment in one place at one time (Check out the full Canadian Dairy Expo program).

This Family is Positive about Moving Forward

Tom and Gail Hoogendoorn own Valedoorn Farm with Tom’s brother John and his wife Lan. For the Hoogendoorn brothers it was a logical progression. “My brother and I were born into the dairy industry. Our father died while we were still in high school. At that time I was 17 and John 15 and we worked on the farm with our mother from 1979 till 1987 when we purchased it. We have slowly expanded our land base from 47 to 200 acres and rent another 110 acres making corn and grass silage and currently have 260 cows and 260 young stock.  We employ 3 fulltime staff including my nephew Alex. We also have several part time staff.” The sadness that touched their family in the end has had a positive effect on how they live their dairy lifestyle. “Having our father die early made us realize that every day should be meaningful and enjoyable if possible.”

Optimal Care. Optimal Efficiency. Open Doors.

High standards are also applied to every area of the dairy operation. All of the Valedoorn cattle are registered and classified. “We optimize efficiency in every area of our farm whether it is getting heifers pregnant or getting the most out of our crops.” The benchmarks they have reached record their success at targeting measureable goals.  “Currently  BCA’s run between 245 to 255.  Pregnancy rate runs around 30 percent year over year. We ask our cows to milk a lot of milk but try not to push the grain too hard relying on our forages to do the job.”  There are many fine details of cow management that must be optimized and when it comes to herd health, they can truly be said to be aiming to put their best foot forward.  “Hoof care is a huge part of our management practice. We want our cows walking comfortably and happily to the feed bunk! This is huge!”They also ask a high level of commitment from themselves and staff. The doors are open to everyone. “We have a modern dairy setup that is camera or visitor ready every day or night.  This “open door” policy is opening minds too as people come to Valedoorn. “People are always very surprised on how well the animals get treated.”¦It’s a real eye opener, when they come to the farm, to see how clean it is. We’re really proud of that fact and that’s why we never turn tours away.”

Both Cows and Bulls Must Meet Strategic Performance Parameters

The philosophy of consistent improvement also applies to the dairy genetics of the Valedoorn herd. “Our breeding goals are to have every cow classify 80 pts or higher. We want average sized cows with a will to work standing on great feet and legs with pleasing udders. This has resulted in 75 percent GP or better with us having bred 5 Excellent cows in the last number of years including a Throne who just calved for the 8th time who is 5E 92 Pts. We love good cows who give us no trouble. We work with Alta and Derek Flaman who picks the parameters and chooses the bulls. All breeding is done with their breeding guide. We do use some sexed on heifers and choose bulls for health traits udders and legs. We also like dairy strength.”

The view from Tom's kitchen window

The view from Tom’s kitchen window

Canadian Dairy Farming from the Global and Local Perspectives

Tom`s interest in dairy farming spans local, national and international issues. Locally Valedoorn must always be alert to changing pressures. ““Challenges currently facing me are getting enough land in our area to farm and the start of succession planning.  In Canadian terms he recognizes the unique challenges. “Dairy farming in Canada is different than other parts because of quotas. We are well organized as an industry and can affect change for our own well being. That is a two edged sword as it sometimes breeds complacency and an attitude of entitlement. We have to work hard to keep our system and be responsive to consumer demands. In the industry it’s trying to keep our Supply Management system whole and working for every farmer large and small in every region.

RELATIONSHIPS: Run the Business.  Grow the Business. Transform the Business.

The first priority and one that’s harder and harder to meet is a personal one, “For me it’s getting enough time to spend with the family.” Having said that Tom acknowledges that all the time spent is a main reason that the family farm has been in the family for 34 years. “That’s a great accomplishment arising from constantly expanding our land, cows, quota, and barns.” The family, the farm and the business is constantly changing with three main priorities. “The family working together. We are always meeting the goals we set. We continually set new goals to move us forward.”

Tom has seen many changes in the dairy industry and it has affected his approach to dairying. “Over the years the biggest change has been the size and efficiency of the farms. All our practices and methods are improving at least in the Fraser Valley where I live.” Looking back he is amazed at the progress. “There is a huge change in the quality of our cattle and the efficiency of our farms. It would have been unthinkable 30 years ago.” Once change that Valedoorn farms embraces is genomics. “Genomics for us mean better faster genetic improvement. Simple story. We are getting more info on cattle sooner and can use that for faster improvement. “

The proAction Initiative

Tom doesn’t shy away from the issues impacting the dairy industry. “We must acknowledge that the consumer and government are trying to get more involved with how we produce food in this country. We can’t ignore their questions and expect support from the broad public. People are curious about food since they are getting more and more removed from rural and farm life.” This has led to Tom becoming a spokesperson for exactly those concerns.  The proAction Initiative is a way of showing our customers and consumers that we have improved the management of our farms over time. That we take responsibility for our on farm food safety, quality of milk, care of our animals, and care of the environment. We are doing things to enhance biosecurity to limit or prevent diseases from coming onto our farms. It’s going to be a way of not only telling our consumers that we are doing a good job but we will have a way of measuring and proving that claim. It will be a way of defending our best practices that we are implementing on our farms. Showing is better than just telling all the great things we as Canadian dairy farmers are doing in the area of sustainability.”

Classical music being played for the cows at Tom's farm for the  website musicmakesmoremilk.com

Classical music being played for the cows at Tom’s farm for the website musicmakesmoremilk.com

Opportunities Ahead. Raise Awareness. Hold office.

Tom encourages and in fact urges all farmers to get more personally involved and suggests that communication is the first step. “Farmers should be involved in social media just as they should be involved in their communities. It raises awareness and profile of our industry and hopefully creates a positive link to our consumers. Farmers can no longer sit at home thinking a few select people will move them forward. I always urge frustrated young farmers to organize and get involved and take a run at leadership in whatever form they think they may be effective or like.”

Tom endorses all forms of communication, including digital and once again doesn’t expect others to do something he doesn’t do himself. “Social media for me started as a way to connect with the running world. I run marathons and so on for a hobby and it was a good way to learn and interact. Soon I learned that it is a good tool for farmers to tell our story as long as it is done properly. While I was a Dairy Farmers of Canada board member, I started concentrating on that side of it. Social media for me has been a fun positive experience. You get out what you put in as most things in life.”

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Tom Hoogendoorn is fully aware that there are many different ways for farmers to set and meet goals whether it’s running a dairy operation or running a marathon.  However, there is one characteristic that he urges everyone to embrace. “Never stop changing.” For Valedoorn Farm and the Hoogendoorn family that means working to move forward.  Tom hopes your forward looking plans include Canadian Dairy Xpo.  If you do nothing more than find an answer to a problem you’re working on or a make a new contact or get an onsite review of a piece of equipment,  Canadian Dairy Xpo might  solve or begin to solve your biggest dairy challenge and that means you will be move forward in 2014.  Catch Tom Hoogendoorn`s enthusiasm and you could go home from your “day off” with a solution that`s “right on!”

Want to learn more about Toma nd the proAction Initiative? Tom will be presenting at Canadian Dairy Expo on February 6th.

Markus Straub was born and raised on a dairy farm in south Germany. Looking back he sees this as of key importance to his chosen career path. “That is a basic experience and very helpful for me to understand the needs of dairy farmers and their way of thinking.”

This is the background Markus brings when sharing his expertise on the high interest topic of automatic calf feeders.  Markus will share his presentation at the 2nd annual Canadian Dairy Xpo in Stratford, Ontario on Wednesday, February 5th.  If you’re looking for a “day off” this is the exact place to get recharged and revitalized for the year ahead.  Building on the resounding success of last year’s inaugural event, Canadian Dairy Xpo 2014 organizers have put together a tremendous diversity of products, experts and entertainment in one place at one time (Check out the full Canadian Dairy Expo program).

Förster-Technik – Products, Performance and Support.

Markus studied agriculture at the University of Nürtingen, Germany, and graduated in 1995. After his first work experience at an agricultural machinery department of a cooperative, he joined Förster-Technik in 1997 as a product and key account manager. In 2011 he became head of product management and sales at Förster-Technik which he explains is “the world market leader for automated calf feeding systems based in Engen, Germany.  Our sales span the globe, with sales of our products touching more than 40 countries. Förster-Technik products are sold in North America by Delaval, Lely and GEA. Moreover, we have a technical partnership with Grober Nutrition to support our sales partners and customers.” He outlines the products provided to dairy clients worldwide. “We are the developer and manufacturer of first-class, innovative automatic calf feeding systems and a wide range of accessories with which you can feed and monitor individually penned and group-housed calves from their first day of life.”

calf techChanging The Calf-Raising Mindset

With more North American dairy farms using automatic calf feeders, the interest has grown considerably and forward planning breeders will be at Xpo to share experiences, questions and concerns. “When Förster-Technik first started its business in North America in the 1990s, group housing and automatic calf feeding was fairly unknown and therefore farmers, veterinarians and researchers were very skeptical that this way of housing and feeding calves could work successfully. At that time bucket feeding in single hutches was the only way of feeding calves. The challenge was not just to place new equipment into a market place but also to convince the professionals that this new calf rearing concept based on group housing would also work under North American conditions. A great partner to promote this new concept has been and still is Grober Nutrition. As a team Förster-Technik and Grober Nutrition managed to introduce group housing systems with Förster-Technik calf feeders in North America and to make a success story out of them.”

calf techAdvantages of Automatic Calf Feeders

Markus is enthusiastic about ways that this technology can be an asset to modern dairy calf raising. “Our automatic calf feeders are equipped with animal identification and integrated management software to accurately and reliably control crucial parameters, such as e.g. drinking speed, feed intake, number of visits to the station etc. Our calf feeder in combination with the unique extension CalfRail, allows you to combine the feeding of calves in groups and single hutches. Due to the great flexibility of the system and the high performing components, our calf feeders are suitable for small, medium and large-size dairy farms.” No doubt experienced dairy men will seek input on how and why to incorporate this technology.

Global Demand Drives Growth. 40FIT Meets Needs.

Modern dairy operations are under constant pressure to be profitable in a changing marketplace.  On the bright side Markus points out that the consumer market is going to grow considerably. “The international demand for milk will grow, mainly driven by China.” That good news has to be looked at objectively from the North American perspective. “Farmers will more and more fight with the availability of resources like land and water. Therefore high production costs (including labor) will force the farmers in the future to achieve high labor productivity and to have efficient management tools available to make good and fast decisions. This will only be possible by introducing further automation as well as reliable and innovative concepts for production.” This is exactly the situation Förster-Technik is prepared to meet. “Our 40FIT concept perfectly fits to these needs. It offers a solution for rearing calves the most intensively. It combines the know-how of nutritionists, technical solutions from Förster-Technik like the special “40FIT-plan”, automatic calibration or temperature-controlled feeding. In addition, the 40FIT-concept offers tools for better monitoring and management of calves.  The aim of 40FIT is to assist the farmers to achieve optimum growth of their calves and to create a healthier and more efficient dairy cow.”

Healthy Calves Using Automatic Feeders and Group Housing

The main aim is to raise a healthier and stronger calf by using the automatic calf feeder in combination with group housing. Five areas that he will expand upon at Canadian Dairy Xpo are highlighted as follows.

  1. Get off to the Optimum start
    “Make sure that your calves have been optimally provided with colostrum during the first few hours in life!”
  2. Establish Good Management Feeding Practices
    Straub suggest that these five areas must be carefully considered and implemented.
    a-      Feed the calf intensively, i.e. more often a day with physiologically appropriate portions (e.g.  4 to 6 feedings a day). The 40FIT feeding plan gives the young calf the possibility to drink more often a day the amount of milk it needs.
    b-      Establish management routines for the daily work (check calves using the control unit and do not over babysit calves when getting them accustomed the calf feeder.
    c-      Spend part of your saved time just to observe your calves. Also check calves yourself because you need to know what is going on in the barn
    d-     Use the offered information of the management software of the calf feeder handheld terminal or CalfManager, like e.g. control tables showing the feed intake and drinking speed of the calf.
    e-      Drinking speed is a good indicator for health.
  3. Modern Dairy Calves Must Perform to Modern Dairy Requirements
    The decision to work with a new system always boils down to how it provides benefits over the system currently in place. Markus points out five potential advantages of automated feeding.
    1. Smooth controlled weaning supports the development into a ruminant.
    2. It is a safe process, always providing the right temperature, amount, mix and volume, according to an established feeding schedule.
    3. Labor saving (bucket feeding about 10 min / calf; Automatic feeder about 1 min / calf).
    4. Traceability. Supported by the management software the farmer has data available for any individual animal throughout the total rearing period.
    5. Informed decision making now and in the future (e.g. for breeding) because of data collected.
  4. Making Group Housing Work
    For many the change from individual hutches to group housing will be the most challenging transition.  Some studies have shown that group housing, as expected, works best, if you start out with healthy calves.  Markus points out that, although it is group housing, individual feeding, treatment and management must still be provided.  There are other important considerations.
    1. The calf group is established as a group from the outset. This supports the grouping process after weaning and reduces after-weaning stress.
    2. Future expansion is easily possible therefore making automated feeders suitable for different farm sizes
    3. The calves should be housed by age (group calves 0-4 weeks and 4-8 weeks) to reduce competition in the group. If you have enough calves to fill one group within one week you can use the all-in/all-out principle for this group.
    4. The housing in general must have a good ventilation, enough space (25-30 SQ/F), fresh water always available in addition to the feed.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Markus Straub is a keen observer of how change is affecting the dairy industry. “Just a few years ago the main opinion was to raise calves with as little milk as possible and to gain body weight later via compensatory growth with concentrate feed. The latest research shows that intensive feeding in the first weeks after birth has a positive effect on the entire lifetime output.” Markus hopes you will bring your new ideas, visions and insight to Canadian Dairy Xpo 2014 and join the presentations on “heifer creation, health and development.”  It’s the perfect place to get leading edge feedback and encouragement about 21st Century tools that allow your calves to perform up to their potential. After checking in with Markus Straub at the Maizex Dairy Classroom, you could go home from your “day off” with a solution that`s “right on!”

Want to learn more about his? Markus Straub will be presenting at Canadian Dairy Expo on February 5th.

For years there has been great debate between dairy breeders and producers about what type of cow is the most profitable.  There are sound arguments on both sides of this issue.  However, developments arising from new indexes and analysis highlight that it’s not always the prettiest cow that milks the most over her lifetime.  To paraphrase the popular song, these cows prove that “She ain’t pretty, she just milks that way!”

Are show cows great lifetime milk producers?

We are all guilty of it.  We see the cows that win at World Dairy Expo, The Royal, Swiss Expo, and IDW and are amazed at their extreme size, capacity, and dairy strength. We look at them as the epitome of what the ideal cow looks like.  And it’s fair to say that the production level of these animals has greatly improved over the past 30 years.  However ask any commercial producer in a large free stall environment and they would tell you that these winners would not be the ideal cow for their operation or to maximize their revenues.  The very characteristics that make them great in the showring (their massive size especially) would limit their efficiency for these producers.  (Side note: With dropping sale prices show cows and especially high index cows are not bringing the same resale value as they once did – Read more:  An Insider’s Guide to What Sells at the Big Dairy Cattle Auctions 2013).

Now here at the Bullvine we like to deal in facts not hearsay.  So we took the top 10 animals from the Mature Cow Class at the 2013 Royal and here is what we found.  They average an amazing 95 points with a couple even going Excellent multiple times.  The scarier part is that they only average 2.5 complete lactations each, out of a possible 4, and just over 50,000 kgs of lifetime production.  With the winner of the class, having out of three lactations started only completed 2 by 7 years of age and produced under 48,000 lifetime.  Now some would say, “Yes that is because all the big producers are in the Lifetime Production Class.”  So we decided to take a look at that class as well.  Surprisingly this class averaged a slightly lower 94 points, and just over 3.5 completed lactations each, out of a possible 5, and 61,647 kgs.  of lifetime production.  Not exactly extreme for a class that is supposed to be the epitome of the breed.  However there was one strong exception in the class, STARBRITE LYSTER LYNDSAY, who at EX-96-3E, with 5 completed lactations and 84,282 kgs (185,808 lbs.) of lifetime production, certainly is a testament to longevity.  That is probably why she is a perennial contender and a huge fan favorite.

STARBRITE LYSTER LYNDSAY EX-96-3E-CAN
84,282 kgs (185,808 lbs.) of lifetime production,

Are high scoring 2 year olds good lifetime producers?

Then of course there is type classification and the true type model.  Believing in full disclosure, we here at the Bullvine are big fans of the type classification system (Probably because my father ran the Canadian Type Classification and Breed Improvement Program, for 18 years in the 70’s and 80’s) and have written many articles about it (Read more: TOM BYERS: “THAT’S CLASSIFIED!” and Is Type Classification Still Important?). But more and more we are beginning to question some of the long standing beliefs that we have had relating to type classification and longevity.

There is no doubt that the goal of the type classification system is to produce a long lasting profitable cow.  What is becoming more apparent is that what we believed it took to achieve that may not have been functionally correct.

Now it would not be fair to make a blanket statement like that, nor would it be Bullvine style, if we did not back that up with cold hard numbers and examples.  I cannot think of a better example than, GILLETTE E SMURF, the world record holder for lifetime production at 242,303 kgs (534,181 lbs) in 11 lactations.  (Read more:  World Records Are Not Only Set at the Olympics).  As a two-year-old Smurf scored GP-83, with Dairy Strength (82) and Feet & Legs (80).  These two the traits kept her from going VG.  What makes this surprising is those are the two exact traits that many believe are the greatest indicators of longevity.  Yet the greatest producing cow in the world was deemed to be lacking in those areas.  In fact it was not until 10th lactation and over 216,893 kgs of lifetime production that the classifier deemed that Smurf had enough strength (97) and sound enough legs (86) to make her an excellent cow.

GILLETTE E SMURF EX-91-2E-CAN 242303kgs (534181 lbs) of lifetime production

Now as we always say it is easy to find case by case examples.  But do the numbers hold up across multiple animals and larger groups?  We decided to look at all the VG-89-2yr olds from January 1st 2007 to December 31st 2010.  In that time there were 20 VG-89 1st lactation cows that have remained in Canada.  60% of them have gone on to classify Excellent, with the group now averaging 91 points.  The alarming part is that, as a group, they have completed on average 2 lactations each out of a possible 4, with lifetime production averaging 42,262 kgs.  In fact only 30% of them have even completed a 3rd lactation.  That percentage is even less than that of the mature cow class at this year’s Royal.  Achieving VG89 first lactation certainly is not a good predictor of lifetime production. In analyzing the US numbers we found similar results.

So what is a good predictor of lifetime production?

We all have in our mind what the ideal mature cow looks like.  For many pedigree breeders it’s a cow that looks like this. (Read more: The Perfect Holstein Cow)

Mature Cow - composite background

In taking that one step further, we also did a composite of what the perfect classification 2 year old would look like.

2year old - composite background

But in reality, as we have mentioned earlier in this article, these cows are not the epitome of lifetime production animals.  In fact they are not even bull mothers.  Currently the typical ideal high genomic 2 year old/bull mother looks like this.

genomic 2 year old - composite background

But in analyzing the numbers, especially productive life and herd life, the true ideal 2 year old should look something like this.

efficient 2 year old - composite background

First, let’s make one thing clear.  Unlike indexes like TPITM and LPI that try to predict lifetime production based on hypothesis and our understanding of what we think it takes to make a long lived productive cow, productive life (USA), and herd life (CAN)  measure actual longevity.  They measure how many months the cow actually is a productive member of the herd compared to herd mates.

This means that our long-accepted theories that a cow needed to have a wide muzzle, deep chest, and deep sweeping open rib in order to be a high lifetime producer are actually incorrect.  As we pointed out in Breeding for Longevity:  Don’t believe the hype – It’s more than just high type, the top 25 productive life proven sires in the Dec’13 genetic evaluations actually average only 0.52 for Dairy Character and 0.47 for Body Composite.

This actually makes sense.  When you look at the top two reasons given for non-dairy purposes sales, infertility and mastitis, they account for almost double (26.9%) the number of animals culled for production or conformation reasons (18.5%).  Basically we learn that, when it comes to predicting longevity, there are many contributing beyond conformation.

That is why it’s not surprising when we interviewed Don Bennink of North Florida Holsteins, a very commercial production oriented breeding program, type and conformation where not even on his list of selection requirements.  (Read more:  NORTH FLORIDA HOLSTEINS. Aggressive, Progressive and Profitable!!).  In fact if you really want to break down the numbers into the nuts and bolts simplicity, you would only look at two things.  In the US that would be pounds of milk production (with some allowance for %F) and productive life.  In Canada that would be kilograms of milk production and herd life.

So here at the Bullvine we like to complete the steps for you.  We looked at all the proven sires who are over 1250 lbs of milk and 5 for productive life.  The results were very telling. There were 40 sires that made this list, with the top 6 reading like a who’s who of top selling sires, Bookem, Freddie, Robust, AltaMeteor, Shamrock, and Observer.  Also it is interesting to note that these sires average 2.77 SCS, 6 CE, 1.33 PTAT, 1.23 UDC, 1.23 FL&C and 2026 TPI.

NameFinal ScoreOwner
COOKIECUTTER MOM HALO-ET88Cookiecutter Holsteins
MSWELCOME OBSERVER LAURI-ET88Welcome Stock Farm, LLC & Charles Van Wie
ROSE-LYN MARCONI CONFETTI88Wallace A. Behnke
HY-NIC-HOL TRYOUT STAR88Ryan L. Lindenmeyer
FISCHERDALE CASABLANCA88Elizabeth Sarbacker
WILLOWS-EDGE GOLD IMAGE-ET88Hendrik W. Van Dyk
WILLOWS-EDGE CARISMA LYRIC88Jordan & Claire Van Dyk
ERBACRES AD LACROSSE-RED88Carla Kay Erbsen
GLORYLAND DELLA RAE-ET88David A Tait & Hood Holsteins
WILLOWS-EDGE DURHAM ISLE-ET88Hendrik W. Van Dyk
WILLOWS-EDGE MAC FROSTING88Hendrik W. Van Dyk
WILLOWS-EDGE SANCHEZ MAGGIE88Jordan A. Van Dyk
RICECREST AFTERSHOCK AMELIA88Dale E. & Fred E. Rice
POTTSDALE SANCHEZ RHEYA88Hayley Lynn Potts
OPSAL DENTON BEAUTIFUL88Joshua T & Joseph T Opsal
MARKWELL ATWOOD FANTASIA88Kody J. & Kyle R. Tiemersma
MOR-YET GOLDWYN FAITHFUL-ET88Todd Galton
QUIETCOVE-W FUTURITY-ET88Quietcove-Wapa Farms LLC
CLEAR-ECHO SUPER 2140-ET88Clear Echo Farm LLC
CLAQUATO SANCHEZ ROSALIE-ET88Claquato Farms, Inc.
HARVUE ATWOOD FOX-ET88David Meade Hardesty, Jr.
GOLDEN-OAKS CHARDONNAY-ET88Brianna Sheehan
GOLDEN-OAKS GWYN CLASSY-ET88Kings-Ransom Farm LLC
HOLBRIC DESTRY ANALIESE88Morgan Olbrich
WINDY-KNOLL-VIEW POCONOS-ET88James R. & Nina P. Burdette
WINDY-KNOLL-VIEW PERFECT-ET88James R. & Nina P. Burdette
VANDYK-S BALTIMOR ROCKLYN88VanDyk-S Holsteins
COOKIECUTTER BOWS HOMONY-ET87Clear Echo Farm LLC
MS JENNYLOU SHTL LIDEBBI-ET87Mystic Valley Dairy LLC
OAKFIELD-BRO AT FANATSY-ET87Denise V. Saxton
OAKFIELD-BRO AT FINANCE-ET87Adam J King
OAKFIELD SANCHEZ DAZZLE-ET87Jonathan Lamb
COOKIECUTTER MM HALLMARK-ET87John J. Dickinson
WELCOME DOMAIN FANTASIA-ET87Welcome Stock Farm, LLC
WELCOME ELITE PEONY-ET87Welcome Stock Farm, LLC
MS WELCOME MANOMAN CASE87Welcome Stock Farm, LLC
WELCOME BRONCO PERNELLE-ET87Welcome Stock Farm, LLC
SAVAGE-LEIGH MAZEY-RED-ET87James R. & Nina P. Burdette
BELLTONE GOLD STAR LEE IV-ET87Kevin Doeberiener,PierreBoulet & Michael Heath
ERBACRES ADVENT MUFFIN87Nathan C P Erbsen
SUPER-K FORTUNE BONITA87Valerie L. Greco & Ronald J. Mikulice
VANDYK-K PRINCESS-RED-ET87Van Dyk-K Holsteins
WILLOWS-EDGE DUR VALEEN-ET87Hendrik W. Van Dyk
GEORGETOWN SAN LIMELIGHT87Chris & Stephanie George
MIL-R-MOR FANCY FABULOUS-ET87Sarah Elizabeth Sheehan
JANNEY CIMARON HAZYL87James & LaVaun Janney
SILDAHL AWESOME-RED87Fred Schoenbachler
SWAINDALE RDLINR CHARRO-RED87Gary R. Swain
SWAINDALE RDLINR GODIVA-RED87Gary R. Swain
LAKE-EFFECT DUR WREN-ET87Jeffrey & Gayle Benedict
ROSE-EDGE B PASTA-ET87Ernest H Jr & Carol W Ambler
SCHA-TJ CNTNDR SHAWNA-RED87Todd & Jean Pollema
KENWAN AMBROSIA JADA87Ken-Wan Farm
MS JOLEANNA ABSOL APPLE-RED87Cooper Galton
WILLOWS-EDGE GOLD INFORM-ET87Hendrik W. Van Dyk
WILLOWS-EDGE R LOU MYRA-RED87Claire M. Van Dyk
ROCK-N-HILL-II CRANBERRY87Michael & Chris McCullough
GLORYLAND-LR LADA RAE-RED87David A. Tait
GUNDYS AFTERSHOCK ACE-ET87Robert Gunderson
MS L-MAPLES-BO SG DURHAM 4687Jenna M Langer
VANDYK-K GRAYBIL PASTEL87Van Dyk-K Holsteins
KIKO GABOR RAPTURE 68587R & P Kiko Family Farms, Ltd
QUIET-MAN ALEX LOVELY-ET87Buttke Dairy Enterprises
QUIET-MAN ALEX LUSCIOUS-ET87Jeff Spence
DEMMERS SANCHEZ GAYLA87Demmer Farms
KLINGENDALE HVEZDA POKER87John Klingensmith
KIKO DAMION VINA 66387R & P Kiko Family Farms, Ltd
LIDA-ACRES MARC ATLEE87Maria D. Johnson
SILENT-STAR ALXDER A-JUDY87Lance Slotten
PARADISE-R AFS GRACE 459487Paradise Valley Farms, Inc.
OPSAL DESTRY MARCELLA-RED87Joshua, Joseph & Felicia Opsal
SRP ABSOLUTE FURY-RED-ET87Melarry Farms
SRP DESTRY FROLIC-RED-ET87John P. & Rachael Holmgren
MS BLONDIN JASPER BELLE-ET87Brad Stockman & Adam G Johnson
MARKWELL AFTERSHOCK STAR87Kody J. & Kyle R. Tiemersma
KELLERCREST SANCHEZ SHELLY87Kimberly Keller
NOBLAND ALFREDO ATLAS87Troy Noble
LORAWAE SANCHEZ HEATHER87John S. Lora
KINYON GOLDWYN PASTA87Martin Kinyon
WEST-LAKE SS WENDY-RED87West-Lake Holsteins
WEST-LAKE ADVENT RILEY-RED87West-Lake Holsteins
HARVUE HERSHEY MINT87John O. Hardesty & Sons
HARVUE BLITZ GLITZ87John O. Hardesty & Sons
HARVUE GOLDWYN FOXY LADY-ET87Matthew C. Hardesty
HARVUE ATWOOD VIDA87David M. & Debra L. Hardesty
MILKSOURCE ADVENT ESTHER-ET87Eva Doornink
JHAHNWAY DUSK PEGGYS TRINA87Justin E. Hahn
MELARRY SANCHEZ FONDA-ET87Melarry Farms
HOLBRIC MINISTER FRANNY87Brian & Mark Olbrich
HOSTO SS HILLROBIN87Kelley L. & Ruth Ann Hosto
WHITELEATHER ALEXAND 169387Lauren G. Whiteleather
VANDYK-S BRAXTON ELISHA87VanDyk-S Holsteins
VANDYK-S CHELIOS MALEAH87VanDyk-S Holsteins
ROCKING-P SANCHEZ ELLEN-ET87Kelsey Patten
HOLMGREN TRIUMPHANT DI-ET87John P. & Rachael Holmgren
MS MILKSOURCE GOLDWYN FANCY87Jordan & Claire Van Dyk
MS ANGELINA ANGASHOCK-ET87Claquato Farms Inc. & Robin-Hood Holsteins
SIEMERS SANCHEZ HAPPYGAL-ET87Spencer Michael Weimer
SIEMERS ATW HILDALICIOUS-ET87Joshua T & Joseph T Opsal
SCH-GER ATWOOD ELYSE87Brett Morlock & Ken Gerber

 

Now for those of you who are wanting to push the genomic envelope, we did the same analysis, though factoring in the typical genomic over prediction of about 20% (Read more:  How Much Can You Trust Genomic Young Sires?).  Our requirements were 1,500 lbs of milk and 7.2 for productive life.

NameClassScoreSire NameOwner(s)PROV
BERGEROY GOLDWYN LANIKVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNBERGEROY HOLSTEIN INCPQ
BUNCLODY ALFREDO DANNIVG87LESPERRON ALFREDOFRED FORNWALD & SONS FARMS LTDSK
BUTZ-BUTLER SAN BETTY-ETVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZFERME LAITIERE RAYON D'OR INCPQ
CLOVIS JASPER RAZIAVG87WILCOXVIEW JASPER-ETCLOVIS HOLSTEIN INCPQ
COMESTAR JASPER ALANYSVG87WILCOXVIEW JASPER-ETCOMESTAR HOLSTEINPQ
COMESTAR LAUTELLIAM SANCHEZVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZCOMESTAR HOLSTEINPQ
COMESTAR MILANA JASPERVG87WILCOXVIEW JASPER-ETCOMESTAR HOLSTEINPQ
COMESTAR PIMPANTE GOLDWYNVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCOMESTAR HOLSTEINPQ
CRAIGCREST LAURIN ECSTATICVG87DEN-K MARSHALL LL LAURINCRAIGCREST HOLSTEINSON
CYJOHN LOYAL C9369VG87BRYHILL LOYALFERME KAMLAKEPQ
DELABERGE OMAN DOLLMISSVG87LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN-ETFERME BERGELAIT INCPQ
DULET ARMSTEAD KIM 3VG87DIAMOND-OAK ARMSTEAD-ETFERME DULET INCPQ
FAMIPAGE SHAQUILLE IDELUSTREVG87DESLACS SHAQUILLEFERME FAMIPAGE INCPQ
FLEURY GEN SANCHEZ LIZIEVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZLOOKOUT HOLSTEINSPQ
GREGORI MAN O MAN SORISIAVG87LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN-ETFERME U. GREGOIRE & FILS INCPQ
HARDY GOLD DIAMONDVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNDONALD DUBOISPQ
HOLYWELL ATWOOD POCKETVG87MAPLE-DOWNS-I G W ATWOODHOLYWELL HOLSTEINSON
HOLZER MIRANDA AFTSHOCKVG87MS ATLEES SHT AFTERSHOCK-ETBUSHY VIEWON
HOLZER MYSTRI SHOCKVG87MS ATLEES SHT AFTERSHOCK-ETBUSHY VIEWON
JEANLU ALEXANDER SMOOTHIESVG87GOLDEN-OAKS ST ALEXANDER-ETFERME TELEFILS ENRPQ
LAFONTAINE ATWOOD METALLICAVG87MAPLE-DOWNS-I G W ATWOODFERME LAFONTAINEPQ
LAFONTAINE MISCHIEF CHOICEVG87LUNCREST MISCHIEF SHOT 2-ETFERME LAFONTAINEPQ
LAMPADA SHOCKWAVE EVETTEVG87LAMPADA LHEROS SHOCKWAVEFRED FORNWALD & SONS FARMS LTDSK
LEGACY JASPER GABEVG87WILCOXVIEW JASPER-ETSTEPHEN DOLSON & DR. KAREN GALBRAITHON
MAYBLOSSOM SHOTTLE DEVARY 812VG87PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETMAYBLOSSOM FARMSON
MILIBRO ATLAS PRISSYVG87MD-DELIGHT DURHAM ATLAS-ETFERME MILIBRO INCPQ
MILIBRO ATWOOD MIGNONNEVG87MAPLE-DOWNS-I G W ATWOODFERME MILIBRO INCPQ
NEUDAY SANCHEZ PRISCILLAVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZBENBIE HOLSTEINS LTDSK
PDF SANCHEZ SUMMERVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZPRAIRIE DIAMOND FARMSK
RAYON D'OR SHOTTLE OPRUNELLEVG87PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETFERME LAITIERE RAYON D'OR INCPQ
ROTALY GOLDWYN OMBRELLAVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNROCK HEBERT & NATHALIE DUMAISPQ
ROTALY MILLION MACADAMVG87ENGLAND-AMMON MILLION-ETROCK HEBERT & NATHALIE DUMAISPQ
SELEXIE MATRICIE DUPLEXVG87MESLAND DUPLEX-ETMICHEL LARRIVEEPQ
SMITHDEN GOLDWYN BREEZYVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCORMDALE GENETICS INCON
SMITHDEN GOLDWYN BUBBLESVG87BRAEDALE GOLDWYNSMITHDEN HOLSTEINS INCON
SMYGWATYS SANCHEZ EMMAVG87GEN-MARK STMATIC SANCHEZCLARKVALLEY HOLSTEINSON
STONYWAY AFTERSHOCK NAHANAVG87MS ATLEES SHT AFTERSHOCK-ETPIERRE BOULETPQ
SWISSKESS SHOTTLE RUBYNVG87PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETSWISSKESS INCPQ
VERTDOR SHOTTLE MAYAVG87PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETFERME VERT D'OR INCPQ

 

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Any way you look at it, it’s hard to argue with the cold hard facts.  For years the show ring and type classification have tried to do the best job possible in predicting what it take to produce a long lived productive cow.  But just like the evolution of the computer, healthcare and science, as more information becomes available, we find that some of our previous beliefs are no longer accurate.  In no way am I saying that there is not value in programs like type classification, it is just time for those programs to evolve and do a more accurate job of predicting longevity.  (Read more:  What is the role of dairy cattle breed associations?) As the numbers show, today’s longed lived productive cow, may not look that pretty, but she sure milks that way.

Want to learn more about his? Andrew Hunt will be presenting at Canadian Dairy Expo on February 5th.

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Say Good-Bye to Supply Management

Friday, January 24th, 2014

For years the topic of Supply Management has been a hot button issue for dairy producers around the world.  Those who operate under a supply management system, such as the one in Canada, are strong advocates for the program.  While those that do not, such as New Zealand, Australia, and the US, tend to look at it with envy and even disdain. Recently there has been a lot of international talk about supplying of the supply management in the dairy sector.  The EU is removing supply management and the US government, who was  proposing a supply management system,   removed it in their most recent farm bill (Read more:  Dairy Farmers from Across the Nation Oppose Supply Management and  Compromise Reached: Supply Management OUT of Dairy Policy in Farm Bill).  With world trade becoming a greater and greater reality for all countries, it is only a matter of time before supply management, as we know it, no longer exists.

With that in mind we decided to take a look at the Canadian Supply Management System and the resulting impact, if it were removed.  Canada’s Milk Supply Management System was created to solve milk surpluses and low returns to farmers.  Understanding how this policy originally came into practice helps explain its longevity.  And understanding how the system works in practice points to the pressures it faces today.  These include astronomical quota costs, unanticipated dairy imports and globally uncompetitive pricing.  The system has had to evolve to address a range of domestic and trade changes.  The current milk supply management operates under three “pillars”: production controls (quota), administered pricing, and import controls.  As conditions have changed, regulations under supply management have changed.  It has been broadly successful in doing so, but its complexity has created operating costs and burdens for government and the dairy industry. Furthermore, with a more global economy, it has recently become a stumbling block in Canadian government world trade talks.  (Read more: Are We Playing Hide and Seek With Supply Management? and  Why the Future of the North American Dairy Industry Depends on Supply And Demand).

What’s the Story around the World?

Comparing Canada to the rest of the world, we find that New Zealand and Australia are at the highly market-oriented end of the continuum.  Canada is at the highly protectionist end. The U.S. and Netherlands/EU are in between.

Canadian milk production has been essentially constant since the mid-1970s and is actually down compared with the early 1960s.  At the same time, milk production in the U.S. has increased steadily.  In Australia, it has increased markedly following policy changes, prior to recent years when widespread drought limited production.  Netherlands dairy production increased steadily before quota controls were imposed in the 1980s and it has been relatively steady since, with a recent increasing trend.  New Zealand’s milk production is significantly up.

And what about milk pricing?  The national patterns diverge to a degree.  The available data suggests that prior to the mid-1980s, milk prices in the countries considered here broadly increased.  Canadian milk prices have continued to increase since the 1980s.  In the U.S. prices abandoned their trend of increases in the 1980s and have since become more volatile, consistent with the reduction in support pricing.  Similarly, in the Netherlands, the increasing price trend ended in the late 1980s.  Milk prices in Australia increased through the 1980s and plateaued in the 1990s. However, with the recent super market price wars, the price for milk in Australia has been extremely volatile.  New Zealand has seen a trend of higher prices and increased volatility, with some similarity to Australia.

Say Good- Bye to Supply Management - figure 1

Figure 1 presents divergences in milk pricing, using the U.S. as a reference.  The chart plots monthly P5 Eastern Milk Pool27 (Canada) blend milk prices versus U.S. Federal Order blend prices for New York/New Jersey and for the Upper Midwest since 1997.  Milk prices in Canada are generally much higher than those in the U.S. Over that period, the eastern Canadian price averaged $C63.05/hl, while the U.S. Midwest price averaged $C39.42/hl and New York/New Jersey averaged $C44.31/hl.  Moreover, because U.S. milk prices are much more volatile than those in Canada, the price differential is commonly wider than these averages suggest.  For example, the price spread between eastern Canada and the Upper Midwest U.S. has frequently exceeded $C40/hl— more than the average value of the Upper Midwest price itself. (Read more: Canada’s Supply-Managed Dairy Policy: How Do We Compare?)

The key advantage that Canadian producers have enjoyed over its peer countries is that fluid milk markets are characterized by seasonality that creates surpluses, which are diverted to industrial milk markets and thus result in lower industrial milk prices.  Sudden losses of export markets exacerbate domestic surpluses and depress milk prices.  Under persistent surpluses, with their associated inequities and low returns to farmers, the initial response is to mitigate adjustment through 27 The P5 Eastern Milk Pool is an interprovincial pooling agreement among Canada’s eastern provinces (Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island) mandated pooling systems and more interventionist policies, such as price supports, product surplus removal programs, and production quotas.  These are eventually reduced or eliminated due to their cost burden.  The industry then adjusts, resulting in market growth.  Canada has not experienced the same pressures to reduce or eliminate interventionist policy that its peer countries have, so Canada continues to use certain approaches that its peers have dropped.  Nevertheless, industry adjustment has occurred in Canada, but without the market growth seen elsewhere.

Therefore, while Canada has not seen the growth that other world markets have, it also has not seen the extreme volatility that those other markets experience.  This stability is very much appreciated by Canadian milk producers, despite the high cost of entry and production (Quota, and Quota financing costs).

The World is Changing!

After 30 years in a supply management system the UK has now abandoned it.  Moreover, the EU as a whole is pushing for other countries to remove supply management as well.  (Read more: Canada May Drop Cheese Tariffs to Access EU Beef Market and Canada’s dairy farmers ‘angered and disappointed’ by EU trade deal that would double cheese imports).  This is causing great pressure for Canada to follow suit.  As the Canadian government seeks to open trade for all industries, especially Oil, Lumber and Beef, that access often comes at a cost. In Canada’s case that cost is opening up the Canadian dairy market.  More competition will mean that Canada’s high milk costs will have to go down thus decreasing the net return to producers.  While I don’t foresee the abolishment of the quota system immediately, it will happen.  As Canada opens up its markets to the world, that means that the Canadian government will have to further subsidize the milk price or allow the milk price to drop.  As the Canadian government is already running tight on its fiscal position, they are not likely to subsidize this system for very long.

While no one is arguing the benefits that supply management has had for the Canadian dairy farmer, that protection has come at a cost.  One of the greatest costs that I don’t think many realize is that it has allowed many producers to become complacent about their operations.  They have not been forced to be as efficient as possible.  Those that have been the most complacent are the ones who are going to feel the greatest hurt as Canada continues to open up access to world markets.  For those Canadian dairy farmers who think that the Canadian government will protect them till the end….what about the beef farmers, lumber and oil industry?  How can the Canadian government afford to protect and grow the market for all of them?  Everything has a price. (Read more: Save Frank & Marjorie Meyers Farm – The Army Is At The Gate & This Farmers Number Is Up!)

As a clarification point, while supply management as we know it is threatened, there is no question that the Canadian government is committed to a strong domestic agricultural industry.  Many other countries, including the European Union and the United States enact policies that subsidize (directly or indirectly) domestic production. This is something Canada does not currently do.  As the world market evolves, the Canadian system may have to move toward global markets and away from supply management.  It is also important to note that Canada gives more access to imported products than many other countries give in any single sector. Canada currently imports over 6% of the market for dairy products and more than 7.5% for poultry.  In contrast, the United States gives only 2.75% access to their market for dairy products and Europe offers a mere 0.5% for poultry. These will all be areas that will be addressed as world trade evolves.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The world is rapidly moving to a free market economy.  This highly market oriented system will mean that those producers who can produce milk the most cost effectively will excel and those that are not efficient will perish.  Canada and its quota system that has done an amazing job at protecting its producers are most likely to be the hardest hit by these global forces.  Producers that are looking to the next generation need to seriously evaluate their operations and become as efficient as possible as fast as possible.  The message is clear.  Canada will be saying goodbye to the current supply management system.

 

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Dairy cattle breeders want different results from their herds. Here at The Bullvine we highly recommend that breeders have a plan or strategy for how they select (Read more: What’s the plan?) and also cull. The cows we have today differ greatly from what existed even forty years ago. Holsteins have superior udders, Jerseys give more milk. One important factor that all breeders are attempting to turn around is early culling for both genetic and management reasons. With high rearing costs it is no long financially wise to raise a heifer only to cull her before she has paid for her rearing costs. It can be that the heifer is not truly profitable until she is milking in her third lactation. To order to provide breeders with some insight The Bullvine decided to do some investigation into Productive Life (PL).

Productive Life – What’s In It?

When a cow reaches twelve years of age, the facts are accurately known on her productivity over her lifetime. For an older proven bull, once his daughters reach their third lactation we have very good indication of how long lived his daughters will be.  But in our fast paced breeding world we do not have actual results to rank heifers, young sires or even bulls with only early first crop proofs on their genetic ability to live long productive lives. What is done is that an animal’s genetic indexes for traits like SCS, reproduction, udders and feet & legs are used to estimate a PL index. The inclusion of genomic analysis in the calculation has resulted in the reliability for these indexes to increase to almost 60% from pre-genomics when they were less than 30%. Since so many factors, both genetic and non-genetic, affect longevity it will never be 100% accurate. However, on a population basis 60%, is a great stride forward.

What Bull Proofs Tell Us.

We found interesting results when we studied the top twenty-five PL daughter proven USA A.I. bulls from the December 2013 genetic index listings (USDA-CDCB and Holstein USA).

 Table 1 – Averages for Top 25 Dec ’13 Daughter Proven A.I. Sires

Averages for Top 25 Dec '13 Daughter Proven AI Sires

These averages are different than we would have expected them to be.  They are a much different group than the top 25 TPI™ or NM$ proven sires. They stand out by siring daughters that, on average, stay in the herd 6.7 months longer than the norm. That’s 2/3 of a lactation longer. They are positive but not high for milk, fat and protein. It was nice to see that they excel for SCS and DPR. (Read more: FACT VS. FANTASY: A Realistic Approach to Sire Selection)It is interesting to see that these bulls’ daughters have the ability to calve without difficulty. That makes sense – long lived cows avoid culling due to calving problems. What was most interesting was the fact that these sires did not produce daughters that were high for conformation. In fact they are only average for Body Composite (BC) and Dairy Composite (DC).  That raises the question “Are our conformation evaluations standards right when it comes to body traits for the Ideal Cow? (Read more: The Perfect Holstein Cow): A closer look at body traits showed the following averages: Stature 0.35; Strength 0.19; and Body Depth 0.02.  So the Holstein cows that remain in herds are not tall, strong or deep and from Dairy Composite we see that they are not even angular. Is that what commercial dairymen and breeders like Don Bennick are telling us? (Read more: NORTH FLORIDA HOLSTEINS. Aggressive, Progressive and Profitable!!) At any show ring you’ll hear ringside comments “she’s not tall enough, strong enough or dairy enough to win that class”. Maybe, just maybe, the judge was right when he won the class with the slightly shorter and not so wide cow that had a super udder and moved extremely well on the walk.

The Bullvine Holstein Model 2yr

The Bullvine Holstein Model 2yr

The Bullvine Total Performance 2 Yr Old Cow

The Bullvine Total Performance 2 Yr Old Cow

Further study of the udders and feet and legs of the daughters of bulls that sired longevity shows that the udders were firmly attached and had enough depth to carry moderate volumes of milk. The feet had moderate depth of heel, had intermediate set as viewed from the side and tracked straight when viewed from the rear.

As mentioned previously, the top TPI™ and Net Merit daughter proven sires are not uniformly in the top 25 for PL but some that are include: Superstition; Shamrock; Freddie; Planet; Bookem; and Observer. If you are looking for a Red sire that has high PL look up Fritz-Pride Tycoon-Red.

High PL Bulls for the Future

On the USDA-CDCB and Holstein USA genomic bulls list for top ranking PL sires there are nine bulls that are 8 or higher PL. Having cows stay eight months longer on average in a herd will have a significant effect on farm profit. Cows that live longer, are older give more milk and fewer replacements heifers are needed.

Table 2 – Top 10 Productive Life (PL) Genomic Sires for Dec ’13

NameLPIProtConfSCSDF
MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET383789152.81109
GENERVATIONS LIQUID GOLD360787142.84102
MR CHARTROI ELOQUENT-ET350791132.8197
MR LOOKOUT P EMBARGO-ET346771162.85105
DE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET344774142.79104

These top ten genomic PL sires are an outstanding group. In addition to averaging 8.4 for PL they excel in SCS, DPR and DCE. Notice that their composite type ratings for body (BC) and dairyness (DC) are below their composites for udder (UDC) and feet and legs (FLC) similar to what was the case for the top ten proven sires (Table 1).  The Bullvine recommendation still holds do not use only one genomic sire across your herd. Using three or four of these top of the list genomic sires will add greatly to the genetic merit of your herd for productive life (PL).

On the genomic sire list there are nineteen sires that are higher than any of the daughter proven sires for PL and an amazing sixty-seven are 7.0 or higher for PL. For leading edge breeders wishing to add longevity, polled and Red simultaneously they should look at Lirr Special Effect-P-Red (106HO2864). His ratings are PL 6.3,  SCS 2.54, DPR 1.2, NM$ 609, TPI™ 2076, UDC 2.51, FLC 2.13, BC 0.15 and DC 0.10

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Having cows that genetically rank high for their ability to avoid culling for mastitis, reproduction, freedom from calving difficulty, udders and feet and legs will place the owner in a very good position for genetic sales and on-farm profit in the future. A minimum benchmark for PL to use when selecting a sire or buying embryos is 5.0. Going higher to over 6.0 for PL would be even better. Instead of monitoring why cows leave the herd a breeder should look to breed for cows that stay a long time in the herd. In the future a high PL will be important to all breeders.

 

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29f3b7f[1]For those outside the agricultural industry, it might be hard to visualize how a passion for dairy cattle could grow into a career that involves international travel. For Erica Rijneveld of Rotterdam Area, Netherlands it is one of the perks of the multi-faceted career that she has chosen and designed to her very own specifications.

Beauty and the Boss

Erica knows the value of setting early and focused career goals. “When I was 14 I started helping on my uncle’s commercial dairy farm.” That early experience inspired her educational choices. “I got really into it when I did my training in Italy at Castelverde Holstein for the Agriculture University at 18. With that foundation Erica risked an important new beginning in 1998, while still at University. “I started my company Livestock Show Equipment for importing show supplies. I wanted to use the products I had used in Italy and, at that time, it was hard to get these items.” Having identified the need and taking action, her future began to unfold.

Have “LIVESTOCK SHOW EQUIPMENT”.  Will Travel.

Currently, Livestock Show Equipmenthas two complementary divisions.  On the one hand, Erica sells show supplies throughout all of Europe and, on the other hand, she serves and inspires her business clients with clipping, showing and taking care of cattle for shows and sales. This enthusiastic, go-getter has a unique approach for aligning her goals and the marketplace.  First of all, when it comes to performance she feels it’s important to have the passion to do things perfectly.  “As hard as that may seem you have to be willing to work exceptionally hard.”  Erica has never waited for the world to change for her. “You have to work on what you need yourself.” She gives an example of how she has taken the less chosen path and learned to accommodate to the workplace and marketplace. There are some who, when facing working in Spain and unable to speak Spanish, while co-workers and customers do not speak English, would choose an obvious solution. “They should learn to speak English.”  But for Erica her reasoning was “If I want to continue working here, I should start to learn Spanish.” The second choice of taking responsibility for change has served her well.

er and friends

Erica Falls on the Daring End of the Spectrum

Erica has found and encourages others to see the dairy industry as a classroom. “All the people I have worked with have had an influence on the way I am working now.  From some of them I learned clipping skills.  From others I learned how to pull your show team together and work things out. For my online web-shop, I have learned a lot from knowledgeable in that area.” She sums up her lifetime learning program in two sentences. “Surround yourself with people who know better than you. That is the way you grow yourself.”

There are signposts along the path of every career that mark the twists and turns of the journey and some of Erica`s are particularly memorable. “The Queen of Holland presented me with the Grand Champion Banner at the National Show in 2006.” Her journey picked up speed with “the start of clipping internationally.” As her skills took her worldwide she recalls one turning point in particular. “I remember the first time I was invited to work at World Dairy Expo.”

erica holland

Plane Tickets, High Heels and Rubber Boots

Of course, the logistics of having one woman company that serves clients from around the world means that Erica has added time management to the list of her evolving skills. “I do around 40 shows and sales a year.” Having her own home to recharge from is important to this on-the-fly career woman. “I try to be home 2 days a week to organize the things for the online shop and rest of the time I am travelling around, clipping, teaching etcetera.” Erica constantly seeks to grow herself and her business and is pleased that the biggest change she has experienced is her access to rich variety of people. “It is important to work with knowledgeable people in the business. You learn from them.  Again, I must emphasize that without people around you, you can’t learn and you can’t work.” Erica continuously aims to learn more about her chosen field and fearlessly sets ever higher, ever wider goals to achieve. Having said that, Erica emphasizes that others who would follow this career path must be ready to learn by actually doing the work. “Watch a lot and don’t ask too much! Use your hands to work and brain to think!” With that as a basis, Erica loves to take the responsibility of a team and see that everything from start to finish has the attention and preparation that yield exceptional results.

er clipping

Erica Excels From Polished Prepping to Final Placing!

Sometimes it takes a new perspective to see and build on something that we may have overlooked before.  Every fitter that prepares a cow for competition must be able to see both the flaws and the good points of the animal being worked with.  When you think, about it what better training ground could there be for developing skills for judging dairy cattle? Furthermore, if you seriously consider what it takes to be a Show Judge, you can’t underestimate the value of experience on the show ring halter. Erica is fearlessly building reference points from all these perspectives.  Her resume as a judge is growing. In 2011 she judged the National Showmanship and Clipping Finals in France. In March 2012 she judged the clipping section of the International Dairy Youth Championships at UK Dairy Expo. She has also officiated in Denmark, Spain, Slovenia, Germany, Holland and Ireland.

er judging

Erica Sees More Than One Ladder to Success

There is no rest stop on Erica’s career-life journey and she isn’t held back by what would be considered the normal limitations of gender, age, background or any other parameters than those she sets herself. “I hope to continue to grow my show supply sales.” and she enthusiastically looks forward to even more opportunities for showing cattle and judging them as well. Having learned so much from her mentors, Erica is focused on sharing her experiences with others. “I would like to stimulate the younger generation to start clipping and I look forward to helping them and teaching them the skills of clipping, taking care of cows and being good cowmen and women.”

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Erica’s awareness of what is important to her is the formula that has kept her engaged and productive in the dairy business as she fulfils her personal model of success. Way to go Erica and please accept the best wishes of the Bullvine and our readers for continued success on your exciting journey.

 

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Our recent article on the relative merit of polled (Holstein) dairy cattle may not have garnered the attention of many breeders. (Read more: Polled Dairy Genetics: The Cold Hard Facts) But for those that are seeing the consumer writing on the wall and foresee the need to genetically take the horns off cattle, we wish to document what’s hot in polled.  Before considering the lists, we strongly suggest that you reflect on two things: 1) how you plan to generate revenue from the genetics in your herd; and 2) how you plan to decrease costs from using sires. (Read more: What’s The Plan?) The breeding business has changed (Read more: Where did the money go?) As you confirm adding polled to your sire selection criteria it is an excellent time to decide which index will be your primary one.

Decide. Don’t Ride the Fence.

Nothing’s perfect. That applies to which total merit index to use just as it does to the fact that there are no perfect bulls. However defaulting to using the bull your neighbour uses or the one that the semen salesman is promoting (Read more: Rumors, Lies, and other stuff Salesmen will tell you) is avoiding some very important planning for your herd. The financial future of your farm depends on using the index that will meet your needs five to ten years in the future. It is never too soon to plan for YOUR future.

Select an Index and Stick to It

Every major dairy cattle breeding country publishes a total merit index (Read more: Total Merit Indexes: Are they helping or hurting?).   The bull listings below are broken out by various indexes and bull groupings. This is a two stage process. Pick your index then pick your bull(s). I remind you that the Bullvine strongly recommends that, when using genomic bulls that you do use more than one or two bulls in order to spread risk. If you are looking to win in the show ring, we leave the formula you use up to you. Likely you will use PTAT or CONF as your primary selection criteria.

If You`re Undecided

If you are not certain on which index to use, The Bullvine recommends that for breeders who’s primary income is the milk check, you use NM$ or BEI.

Polled Bulls Ranked by gTPI

 Table 1 Polled Bulls Ranked by gTPI™

Reg. NoNameClassScoreSire NameOwner(s)
HOCANF7769975EBYHOLME GOLDWYN MARCIAEX96BRAEDALE GOLDWYNPLEASANT NOOK FARM, AYR, ON, (519) 632-1109
HOCANF7736316EASTSIDE GOLD OCEAN ETEX94BRAEDALE GOLDWYNJ. GUY THOMPSON & SON, FRENCHFORT, PE, (902) 629-5176
HOCANF9520762ARETHUSA-I GOLD MARCHEEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCRASDALE FARMS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-3515
HOCANF104865809AU SOLEIL GOLDWYN POLLINEEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFERME AU SOLEIL LEVANT (1999) INC, UPTON, PQ, (450) 549-4803
HOCANF9663521COXLYN FIREWORKS PANSYEX93MORSAN FIREWORKSJIM PHOENIX, UXBRIDGE, ON, (905) 852-6936
HOCANF9561777CRAGGAN LHEROS NICOLAEX93COMESTAR LHEROSBERNADALE HOLSTEIN, RICHMOND, PE, (902) 854-2965
HOCANF7796726IDEE MR SAM LYZZEX93REGANCREST-MR DRHAM SAM-ETCRASDALE FARMS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-3515
HOCANF105210974JACOBS MINISTER AIMAEX93MR MINISTERFERME JACOBS INC, CAP SANTE, PQ, (418) 285-2674
HOCANF104928097LESPEREE DOLMAN FAKTILOUEX93REGANCREST DOLMAN-ETFERME L'ESPEREE ENR, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 469-1755
HOCANF102526714CLOUDIS BRADLEY SURPRISEEX93ROCKALLI BRADLEYFERME DUCHESNE HOLSTEIN, CHICOUTIMI, PQ, (418) 698-0311
HOCANF7406350COMBINATION CHAMPION LORENAEX93CALBRETT-I H H CHAMPIONCOMBINATION HOLSTEINS LTD, KESWICK RIDGE, NB, (506) 363-8902
HOCANF7642315FUNDY GOLDWYN NAULAEX93BRAEDALE GOLDWYNALLEN & JACQUELINE BENT, LAWRENCETOWN, NS, (902) 825-6013
HOCANF101075538GROSPERE STORMATIC HELIEEX93COMESTAR STORMATICLA FERME GROSPERE INC, SACRE COEUR, PQ, (418) 236-9152
HOCANF102118392LABRISE TALENT LILYANEEX93LADINO PARK TALENT-IMP-ETFERME LABRISE INC, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 772-2695
HOCANF102392405LYSEM CHAMPION DAISYEX93CALBRETT-I H H CHAMPIONFERME LYSEM S.E.N.C, ST. SEVERE, PQ, (819) 264-5535
HOCANF104151514BERGEROY TOYSTORY ROUSSYEX92JENNY-LOU MRSHL TOYSTORY-ETDELAPOINTE INC, UPTON, PQ, (450) 549-5230
HOCANF7937697CITYVIEW SHOTTLE ACEEX92PICSTON SHOTTLE-ETFERME YVON SICARD, ST. JUSTIN, PQ, (819) 227-2067
HOCANF9752057COBEQUID GOLDWYN VITORIAEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNCOBEQUID HOLSTEINS, UPPER ONSLOW, NS, (902) 986-8904
HOCANF9779513EBY016 B G EASTER LILLYEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNAMAREN LANE FARM, BRANCHTON, ON, (519) 621-0899
HOCANF7536968ELMLEAF GOLDWYN SPECIALEEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNROBERT RAY & SONS, ROSLIN, ON, (613) 477-2421
HOCANF9654787GOLDENFLO DAMION ELUSIVEEX92ERBACRES DAMIONMACBEATH FARMS LTD, MARSHFIELD, PE, (902) 628-8348
HOCANF104538851LYSEM STORMATIC MANDARINEEX92COMESTAR STORMATICFERME LYSEM S.E.N.C, ST. SEVERE, PQ, (819) 264-5535
HOCANF9738245MAPLEKEYS GOLDWYN CINNAMONEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNMAPLEKEYS FARMS, AYLMER, ON, (519) 765-4359
HOCANF9569905PASCOBAC GOLDWYN MANDISAEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNPASCOBAC HOLSTEINS INC, BELLEISLE CREEK, NB, (506) 485-1095
HOCANF8904143SPEEDSIDE DEMOLISH BRIANNEEX92BUDJON-NITZY DEMOLISH-ETADAM WITMER, WOODSTOCK, ON, (519) 462-2888
HOCANF9628508SUNREST LHEROS DUCHESSEX92COMESTAR LHEROSSUNREST FARM, JOYCEVILLE, ON, (613) 382-7965
HOCANF8915868THERINDALE SPIRTE MILLYEX92CEDARWAL SPIRTETHERINDALE FARMS INC, NORTH MILTON, PE, (902) 368-2002
HOCANF7879712WILSONBURG BLITZ GINNYEX92FUSTEAD EMORY BLITZ-ETNORTH TAY FARMS LTD, NORTH TAY, NB, (506) 367-2745
HOCANF103014804ARLA GIBSON WINNIAEX92SILKY GIBSONCONRAD RIENDEAU, ST. CESAIRE, PQ, (450) 469-2991
HOCANF7980690BARGEOLANE NEWTON ADORATIONEX92SILLSWAY LHEROS NEWTONBARGEOLANE FARMS, WARSAW, ON, (705) 652-6111
HOCANF7931446BIRKENTREE C O COMFORTEX92COMESTAR OUTSIDEBIRKENTREE HOLSTEINS, HUNTER RIVER, PE, (902) 963-2021
HOCANF9203982COMBINATION ZONE GERTAEX92FUTURALAND ZONE-ETCOMBINATION HOLSTEINS LTD, KESWICK RIDGE, NB, (506) 363-8902
HOCANF7921106CROSSGROVE MODEST TEMPEREX92REGANCREST-LH MODEST-ETDARRYL AUSTIN, WHYCOCOMAGH, NS, (902) 756-3270
HOCANF104205843DES HAUTS PRES STORMATIC CURYEX92COMESTAR STORMATICFERME DES HAUTS PRES L'ISLET INC, L'ISLET, PQ, (418) 247-3138
HOCANF103710525DESDEUXLACS ALLEN EGLANTINEEX92CANYON-BREEZE ALLEN-ETLA FERME HUDON & FILS INC, ST. ANACLET, PQ, (418) 723-9674
HOCANF104103877DUPOTIER GOLDWYN FEEEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNFERME DUPOTIER INC, ST. DONAT, PQ, (418) 739-5095
HOCANF8875244ENGLIDALE SS GLADYSEX92PURSUIT SEPTEMBER STORMENGLIDALE FARMS, LINDSAY, ON, (705) 328-0989
HOCANF7953866LEXIS GOLDWYN CURRYEX92BRAEDALE GOLDWYNHOWARDVALE HOLSTEINS, BREADALBANE, PE, (902) 886-2643
HOCANF7727024LONGVIEW BLITZ MOMENTOEX92FUSTEAD EMORY BLITZ-ETDONALD G. BOSTWICK, KINGSTON, NB, (506) 763-2943
HOCANF9610008MILLEN LOMAX ROSIEEX92FORTALE LOMAXMILLEN FARMS, OMEMEE, ON, (705) 292-5144
HOCANF104227502MYOSOTIS SEPTEMBER GENTILLYEX92PURSUIT SEPTEMBER STORMCLEMENT OSTIGUY & SYLVIE DEMERS, MARIEVILLE, PQ, (450) 460-3566
HOCANF103018724REJOGA DUNDEE CONNIEEX92REGANCREST DUNDEE-ETFERME GARONDALE, ST. DENIS, PQ, (418) 498-2341
HOCANF9533375SELBYVALE SPIRTE KRIMSONEX92CEDARWAL SPIRTEWILLIAM HAROLD ROBINSON, SELBY, ON, (613) 388-2641
HOCANF7975144SPRINGBEND PRIMETIME SYNERGYEX92WINDY-KNOLL-VIEW PRIMETIMEFERME YVON SICARD, ST. JUSTIN, PQ, (819) 227-2067
HOCANF8915873THERINDALE DRAKE CRISTCOEX92FAR-O-LA DEBBIE-JO DRAKE-ETTHERINDALE FARMS INC, NORTH MILTON, PE, (902) 368-2002
HOCANF7749332TOMALYNN DUNDEE MARISAEX92REGANCREST DUNDEE-ETTOMALYNN FARMS, OMEMEE, ON, (705) 799-6147
HOCANF7864081WALKERBRAE DAMION BRONTEEX92ERBACRES DAMIONWALKERBRAE FARMS, GUELPH, ON, (519) 824-0796
HOCANF7718343WEEKSDALE ALLEN LOLAEX92CANYON-BREEZE ALLEN-ETELMER WEEKS, BREADALBANE, PE, (902) 886-2152

From Table 1 it can be seen that genomic polled bulls far surpass the proven ones when it comes to gTPI™.  All bulls in Table 1 are heterozygous for the polled gene and will leave 50% of their progeny polled.

Polled Bulls Ranked by gLPI

Table 2 Polled Bulls Ranked by gLPI

NameID%RHAUdder ScoreFeet & Legs ScoreFinal ScoreAge OwnerState
JOLEANNA GOLD POURINRAIN-ETUSA 1405575761009186892-08Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
GOLDIE SANCHEZ CHARDONAY-ETUSA 1405673221009085892-09Rustin Herr, Fay-Del Holsteins & Joseph LusbyPA
R-E-W HAPPY GO LUCKY-ETUSA 1408673011009186892-03Jeff Butler, Joe, Amber, Jeff & Terry PriceIL
MISS CALIFORNIA-REDUSA 695618801009090892-08Ernest W. KueffnerMD
OAKFIELD GOLD TOPAZ-ET8400030069887121009084882-09Austin Yoder & Matthias SwartzGA
CRAVE DUSK PENNY 6262840003007148508988785882-03Roseanne L CraveWI
CHARWILL ATTIC MARCYCAN 110346161008885882-03Gen-Com Holstein Ltd
DOUGAL LEA GOLDWYN DANITA-ETCAN 111765121008790882-03Gen-Com Holstein Ltd
WHITTIER-FARMS AMAZN SAMMYUSA 1406596341008888882-11Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
WHITTIER-FARMS SHAQ CRISTENUSA 1409047071008887882-06Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
VT-POND-VIEW CRUMBLE JAS-ETUSA 1410803091008790882-07Christopher LillyMA
JOY-WIL DUNDEE MILLIE-ETUSA 1411994521009083882-05Paige HostetterPA
LUCK-E SANCHEZ DEDRAUSA 666627411008986882-09Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ABSOLUTE TANGOUSA 666627521009086882-08James A. DunnPA
JAUQUET ANORA ATWOOD-ETUSA 687859931009086882-10Tyler & Nathan JauquetWI
HILROSE ADVENT ANNA-RED-ETUSA 690051171009086882-11Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
GREENLEA-TM DES BEA-RED-ETUSA 690567531008886882-10Milk Source LLCWI
NOR-WAY-PETE SANCHEZ STACYUSA 691301431008888882-09Andrew R. PetersonWI
GOLDEN-OAKS GWYN CLASSY-ETUSA 692150091008885882-08Kings-Ransom Farm LLCNY
SWANEE-ACRES SHO ECSTASYUSA 692703701009087882-09Jason A. SwansonIL
MILKSOURCE GLDWN LADYBUG-ETUSA 695922251009086882-04Milk Source LLCWI
ARETHUSA SANCHEZ DICE-ETUSA 704020811009090882-03Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
OAKFIELD-BRO AT FINANCE-ET8400030069890821008785872-04Adam J KingNY
BRACKLEYFARM CHELIOS CHERRIOCAN 108480751008786872-03Milk Source LLCWI
ROCKYMOUNTAIN MANOMAN DIMPL-ETCAN 109452301008886872-07Alphagen Syndicate & Ferme Jolicap IncWI
CHURCH-SITE SHOT PU PU-ETUSA 1405309311008785872-09James E. WautierWI
JOLEANNA RAIN GOOD THING-ETUSA 1405575581008787872-08Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
GLENNLAWN SNCHZ ELEGANT-ETUSA 1405668991008787872-09Brianna AdamavichWI
OVALTOP ADVENT JANUSA 1405708091008686872-10Douglas H. WolfeNY
GUS-WIND DQUSA 1405724451008686872-11Gus Wind HolsteinsWI
HFM MR SAM KIWIUSA 1405729401008788872-09Matthew SharpeNY
BVK ATWOOD ABBATHA-ETUSA 1406589961008685872-09World-Wide Sires Germany
WHITTIER-FARMS ASHOCK AMBERUSA 1406605021008787872-10Whittier Farms, Inc.MA
HEADLINE TERRASON DIXIEUSA 1406715191008687872-09Nicole M. HeadNY
BKB AFTERSHOCK AMORILLO-ETUSA 1406796741008790872-09Ranway Farms LLC, Devlyn Hurley & Harry LuskNY
JOLEANNA SHAMPOO MANDEVILLAUSA 1407324451008784872-06Joleanna Holsteins LLCNY
WHITTIER-CF ATWOD LEGACY-ETUSA 1409089431008590872-03Todd J. Whittier & Cybil L. FisherMA
OVALTOP ADVNT FALLON-RED-ETUSA 1409211731008788872-05Michael D. WolfeNY
KISSAMEE GOLDWYN VIPER-ETUSA 1410016211008787872-06Christopher F. & Stephanie A. AndersonNY
JOY-WIL DUNDEE MACKENZIE-ETUSA 1411994431008786872-05Paige HostetterPA
DUPASQUIER GLDWYN ROZLYN-ETUSA 1412284151008785872-06Brett & Brennan WokerIL
HAZELS ATWOOD HARRIET-ETUSA 1413237721008786872-04Clark W. Woodmansee IIICT
GRANNY-ANNE VELVET LYLAUSA 660882041008883872-11Eugene S. Merriman, Jr.NY
CURR-VALE SHOTTLE DELIGHTUSA 664014681008885872-09Jessica Mae CurrieNY
CURR-VALE SHOTTLE CALI-ETUSA 664014781008785872-09Kayla CurrieNY
WILSTAR RS TALENT LILLY-ETUSA 666252751008882872-09Wilstar HolsteinsWI
BKB ATWOOD ADDY-ETUSA 666253471008785872-06Richmond Farms DairyNY
LUCK-E ATWOOD ANGELUSA 666627731008788872-07Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ADVENT COREENAUSA 666627861008786872-06Matt L. EngelIL
LUCK-E ADVENT KIATA-ETUSA 666628201008786872-02Matt L. EngelIL
CO-VALE LUCAS 3635USA 66778501968786872-07Bradley CatesNY
CO-VALE TALENT JEN-ETUSA 667785161008886872-06Jason RandallNY
WALKER-FARM GABOR ELIZAUSA 667785821008687872-03Kate E. CurrieNY
GROVES-VU ALEXANDER RAKELUSA 667824961008686872-11Todd & Brad GrovesMO
SURE-VIEW SHOTTLE 309-ETUSA 686503241008787872-07Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
JAUQUET ARDELIS ATWOODUSA 687860081009087872-09Tyler & Nathan JauquetWI
LEW-LIN DUNDEE TIDBITUSA 687935231008687872-09Garnet T Weaver IIINY
LADYS-MANOR GOLD DENVER-ETUSA 688033791008784872-08Markland Registered HolsteinsNY
HILROSE SANCHEZ TAURUS-ETUSA 690051271008882872-10Joseph A. BrantmeierWI
HILROSE SIDNEY PERUUSA 690051361008782872-09Andrew BrantmeierWI
HILROSE BALTIMOR PENNY-ETUSA 690051791008586872-03Jeff BrantmeierWI
FARMDALE BRAXTON BERRYUSA 690384561008586872-09Michael J. SchoessowWI
MONANFRAN EXPLODE MARIONUSA 690852421009182872-09Jason E. KelseyNY
WOODLAWN STRMATIC DHARMA-ETUSA 690925101008885872-10Clark W. Woodmansee IIICT
RICHMOND-FD S BARBARA-ETUSA 693050431009085872-06John L. RichmondNY
MS CRESCENTMEAD DANIE-ETUSA 694361111008785872-04Budjon Farms, Peter C. Vail & Pierre BouletWI
ARETHUSA MAGICAL AMBITIONUSA 695623581008688872-09Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
ARETHUSA GOLDWYN ANNABELLEUSA 695623591008784872-09Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
MILKSOURCE ATWD ATLANTA-ETUSA 695922131008785872-06Milk Source LLCWI
MILKSOURCE LEWIS AUBURNUSA 695922361008988872-03MacArthur OstromWI
SHEMA ATWOOD ROXY-ETUSA 696281611008985872-05Marlin J. BontragerIA
KEVREL PLANET MIA-ETUSA 697530761009083872-05F. Kevin LeavertonMD
ERNEST-ANTHONY BLYTHEUSA 703017531008885872-02Arethusa Farm, LLCCT
ARETHUSA GOLDWYN ARIANA-ETUSA 703051761008886872-03Arethusa Farm, LLCCT

Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

Again note that genomic polled bulls far exceed their proven counterparts as in Table 1. All bulls in Table 2 are heterozygous for the polled gene.

Polled Bulls Ranked by NM$

Table 3 Polled Bulls Ranked by Net Merit (NM$)

NameBirthLPISireDam Name
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2355-ET12-Nov3840SUPERSIREDE-SU 520-ET
T-GEN-AC SRGNT JANALUNA-ET12-Dec3833SARGEANTBENNER FORK JANARDAN
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALISA-ET12-Nov3758MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
MATCREST MOGUL GLOBE-ET12-Nov3672MOGULZAHBULLS MASSEY GINA
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALYN-ET12-Nov3668MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
WELCOME MOGUL PATTS-ET12-Nov3651MOGULWELCOME BOOKEM PAISLEY-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYA-ET12-Nov3638MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINIE-ET12-Nov3622SUPERSIREUNIQUE-STYLE BOLTON MONEY
DE-SU UNO 2381-ET12-Nov3613NUMERO UNODE-SU 526-ET
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2832-ET12-Nov3564NUMERO UNOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAVEE-ET12-Nov3548MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
CLEAR-ECHO MCUTCHEN 2820-ET12-Oct3546MCCUTCHENCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2360-ET12-Nov3543SUPERSIREDE-SU 709-ET
SYNERGY MOGUL SNOWHITE-ET12-Dec3541MOGULSURE-VIEW OMAN SHIMMER-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHN QUEEN-ET12-Nov3523MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 162812-Nov3514SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
S-S-I SPRSIRE MELOSA8473-ET12-Nov3513SUPERSIRES-S-I BOOKEM MODESTO7269-ET
RONELEE SUPERSIRE TARYN-ET12-Nov3499SUPERSIRETIPTOP MANOMAN TALA 1843-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN DEE-ET12-Nov3498MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
SILVERRIDGE MOGUL AVOCATE12-Oct3489MOGULVELTHUIS SG MOM ALICIA
LARCREST CARDIGAN-ET12-Oct3468NUMERO UNOLARCREST CALE-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2337-ET12-Nov3462SUPERSIREDE-SU 520-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALEE-ET12-Nov3449MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
FARNEAR MCCUTCHEN 162412-Nov3443MCCUTCHENB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
RI-VAL-RE SNOWMAN NIKKI-ET12-Oct3435SNOWMANRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR NIKKI-ET
TRUSTMORE APRICOT MOGUL12-Oct3433MOGULVELTHUIS SG MOM ALICIA
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2833-ET12-Nov3432NUMERO UNOCLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2213-ET
SPH YENNIE12-Nov3412MOGULYVETTE (DOMAIN X YELONDA)
RI-VAL-RE SUPRSRE NIKALA-ET12-Dec3412SUPERSIRERI-VAL-RE SUPER NADINE-ET
431212915112-Sep3402FACECYFEE
BOSSIDE MOGUL TESSA-ET12-Nov3385MOGULFARNEAR-REGAN TOAST-ET
ABBY-CONTOUR MOGUL DAISY-ET12-Nov3385MOGULABBY-CONTOUR DOMAIN DORA-ET
OCD MCCUTCH CLAIRE DANES-ET12-Oct3382MCCUTCHENCURR-VALE OBSERVER DELTA-ET
SEAGULL-BAY SH MAUREEN-ET12-Nov3364NUMERO UNOAMMON-PEACHEY SHAUNA-ET
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2335-ET12-Nov3364SUPERSIREDE-SU 709-ET
SANDY-VALLEY MOGUL AMBER-ET12-Nov3362MOGULSANDY-VALLEY IO AMETHYST-ET
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYE-ET12-Nov3362MOGULBENNER FORK JANARDAN
S-S-I SHAN MOANA 8515-ET12-Nov3357SHANS-S-I OBSERV MANTECA7197-ET
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL IZZY-ET12-Dec3347MOGULRI-VAL-RE GOLDWYN NADINE
DES-Y-GEN HEFTY STATIC12-Oct3344HEFTYDES-Y-GEN PLANET SILKY
BOLDI MOGUL LOUISE12-Oct3343MOGULMSCHARTROIS PLANET LEONI-ET
OCONNORS MOGUL LARK12-Nov3343MOGULMAPEL WOOD M O M LUCY
SUDAN X NN12-Jul3334SUDANNN
SPEEK-NJ MOGUL DALIA 370-ET12-Oct3333MOGULREGAN-ALH PLANET DELORIA-ET
STANTONS MOGUL ELOISE12-Nov3333MOGULSTANTONS SUPER ELDA
OCD MCCUTCHEN DESIREE-ET12-Oct3330MCCUTCHENCURR-VALE OBSERVER DELTA-ET
RR R12-Nov3323MIXER
VISSTEIN ALINDE12-Sep3321HUNTERVISSTEIN CARINA
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2788-ET12-Sep3321LEXORCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2280-ET
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6881-ET12-Oct3320NUMERO UNOCO-OP BOLIVER YOYO-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN LIA-ET12-Nov3318MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE OBSRVR NIKKI-ET
CEDARWAL MITCH EMMY12-Oct3317MITCHCEDARWAL MANOMAN EMERALD
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GAILA-ET12-Nov3316SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2352-ET12-Nov3315MCCUTCHENDE-SU 9990-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161012-Dec3313SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PERU-ET12-Nov3311SUPERSIREL-L-M-DAIRY J STREAM PROCKY
STANTONS MOGUL CINDY12-Nov3306MOGULMS CHASSITY OBS CLAIRE-ET
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHEN EVE-ET12-Nov3301MCCUTCHENRI-VAL-RE SOTO ESCAPADE-ET
DE-SU ODADDY 2383-ET12-Nov3299DADDYDE-SU 719-ET
DE-SU ODADDY 2327-ET12-Nov3299DADDYDE-SU 719-ET
TJR MCCUTCHEN DIAMOND-ET12-Dec3296MCCUTCHENMORNINGVIEW SUPER DEANN
DE-SU OBSERVER 224612-Oct3287OBSERVERDE-SU 76-ET
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2323-ET12-Nov3286MCCUTCHENRMW SUPER ARIANE-ET
RED-OAK-DB MOGUL LEIGH-ET12-Oct3282MOGULRED-OAK-DB O MAN LEAD
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2787-ET12-Sep3280LEXORCLEAR-ECHO OBSERVER 2280-ET
MS ADERYN MC ABIGAIL-ET12-Oct3279MCCUTCHENKHW SUPER ADERYN-ET
STANTONS MOGUL EDWYNN12-Nov3271MOGULSTANTONS OBSERVER EXPOSE
SYNERGY MOGUL SHARONA-ET12-Dec3270MOGULSURE-VIEW OMAN SHIMMER-ET
FLY-HIGHER SUPSIRE MINNI-ET12-Nov3269SUPERSIREFLY-HIGHER BOLTON MISHA-ET
DE-SU MOGUL 233312-Nov3267MOGULDE-SU 502-ET
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161512-Dec3267SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
FARNEAR MCCUTCHEN 162112-Nov3241MCCUTCHENB-ENTERPRISE SUPER GIGI-ET
SULLHRTFORD MOGUL 371-ET12-Oct3240MOGULSULLY HART DOMAIN 133-ET
CO-OP UNO SYDNEY 6886-ET12-Oct3240NUMERO UNOFUSTEAD SYDNEY CRI-ET
CNN DEHLI12-Oct3238MOGULBOGART X DREAM 1
SUNDAY12-Nov3237MOGULSUNSHINE
FARNEAR SUPERSIRE 161412-Dec3234SUPERSIREVISION-GEN SH SHO A12037-ET
EDG STICTH MOGUL STAR-ET12-Oct3232MOGULGRAN-J RUSSELL STITCH-ET
LEOTHE MOM WRAP DUFFY12-Oct3230WRAPLEOTHE BAXTER DAPHNEE
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2353-ET12-Nov3228MCCUTCHENDE-SU 489-ET
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINDY-ET12-Nov3226SUPERSIREUNIQUE-STYLE BOLTON MONEY
COOMBOONA SNOWMAN BOLTA-IMP-ET12-Jul3226SNOWMANWIAMY KYANA BOLTON
MS WELCOME EPIC LAILA-ET12-Nov3221EPICMSWELCOME OBSERVER LAURI-ET
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GALES-ET12-Nov3220SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE
ROCKYMOUNTAIN UNO CLARISA12-Oct3216NUMERO UNOLARCREST CHEVELLE-ET
FUSTEAD UNO LOVE-ET12-Aug3215NUMERO UNOGLEN-TOCTIN BOLT LUCILLE-ET
S-S-I UNO MIRANDA 8503-ET12-Nov3213NUMERO UNO
RIVER-BRIDGE D DAY 40028-ET12-Oct3210DAYCO-OP RB PLANET YANNA-ET
S-S-I DADDY EARTHA 8461-ET12-Nov3209DADDYS-S-I ROBUST ECALON 7257-ET
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL EVETTE-ET12-Dec3205MOGULRI-VAL-RE GOLDWYN NADINE
DE-SU LAYNE 2359-ET12-Nov3202LAYNECLEAR-ECHO M-O-M 2150-ET
NORTH-ECHO NUM UNO 2813-ET12-Oct3200NUMERO UNONORTH-ECHO BOOKEM 2305-ET
EVER-GREEN-VIEW ASP12-Oct3199MOGULBROEKS ASPEN-ET
CLEAR-ECHO SUPERSIRE 283012-Nov3198SUPERSIRECOOKIECUTTER BOWS HOMONY-ET
CO-OP DAY CLASSY 6832-ET12-Sep3193DAYCO-OP PLANET CLASSY-ET
SONRAY-ACRES SOC OBSERVR VI11-Jan3191OBSERVERSONRAY-ACRES SHOT SOCRTS PI
CO-OP DAY SYDNEY 6838-ET12-Sep3186DAYFUSTEAD SYDNEY CRI-ET
STANTONS MOGUL JESSICA12-Nov3184MOGULSTANTONS FREDDIE CAMEO
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE DAPHNE-ET12-Dec3182SUPERSIREPINE-TREE SHARLA DAPHNE-ET
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GENEVA-ET12-Nov3180SUPERSIREVISION-GEN MANOMAN GILDIE

For Net Merit ($) polled bulls are still far behind the 900+ values being seen today by horned bulls. That will change 3-4 years after breeders and breeding companies that use NMS as their primary index begin to place emphasis on having polled cattle. Compared to the gTPI™ list there is some re-ranking of the bulls at the top for Net Merit. In other words, there is not perfect bull.

Polled Bulls Ranked by BEI

Table 4   Polled Bulls Ranked by BEI (Bullvine Efficiency Index)

NameBirthdateSireGTPI*Owner
LARCREST CARDIGAN-ET10/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2634Jon E. Larson
DE-SU UNO 2381-ET11/18/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2616Darin Meyer
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2355-ET11/9/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2615Darin Meyer
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALISA-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2588Tim Clark
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2360-ET11/11/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2554De Su Holsteins LLC
HFP LUCETTE8/22/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2539Alta Genetics Inc - USA Bulls
OCD MCCUTCHEN DUCHESS-ET10/28/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2538Oakfield Corners Dairy
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2349-ET11/7/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2517De Su Holsteins LLC
LARCREST CRAYON-ET10/31/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2512Jon E. Larson
CLEAR-ECHO SUPERSIRE 283011/3/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2512Clear Echo Farm LLC
DE-SU LAYNE 2359-ET11/11/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2511De Su Holsteins LLC
MS EMILY ELIORA-ET12/3/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2508Trans-America Genetics
SEAGULL-BAY SH MAUREEN-ET11/5/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2503Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
COYNE-FARMS SROCK JACKLE-ET10/26/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2494Coyne Farms Inc.
S-S-I DEAN BROXTON 8519-ET11/24/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2484Select Sires Inc.
MATCREST MOGUL GLOBE-ET11/30/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2483Matt & Brad Johnson
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAVEE-ET11/21/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2480Tim Clark
SULLHRTFORD MOGUL 371-ET10/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2479Robert Eustice & Mike Sullivan
WELCOME MOGUL PATTS-ET11/9/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2479Welcome Stock Farm LLC
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PHAWN-ET11/18/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2476L-L-M Dairy
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINIE-ET11/29/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2475Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
SANDY-VALLEY UNO ADDISON-ET11/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2475Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
DE-SU UNO 2294-ET10/22/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2471De Su Holsteins LLC
SPEEK-NJ MOGUL DALIA 370-ET10/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2469Robert J. Eustice
OCD MCCUTCHEN DESIREE-ET10/30/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2468Oakfield Corners Dairy
RONELEE FEELING FANCY-ET8/14/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2462Sherman Polinder
COYNE-FARMS MOGUL MIA-ET10/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2461Coyne Farms Inc.
MS DREARY DRUSIE-ET12/5/2012ROYLANE BOXER PUNCH 4311-ET2459Trans-America Genetics
DE-SU ODADDY 2302-ET10/24/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2458De Su Holsteins LLC
TJR MCCUTCHEN DIAMOND-ET12/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2456TJR Genetics
COURT-US-MS UNO DOSE-ET8/20/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2454Scott & Shane Courtney & Mark
T-GEN-AC SRGNT JANALUNA-ET12/5/2012SEAGULL-BAY SARGEANT-ET2454Tim Clark
CO-OP UNO SYDNEY 6886-ET10/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2450Genesis Cooperative Herd
DE-SU UNO 2312-ET10/29/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2448De Su Holsteins LLC
VISION-GEN CAM A14142-ET10/2/2012SHEMA JEEVES CAMERON-ET2447VISION GENETICS
MS APPLES UNO ARMANA-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2446Apple Partners LLC
CO-OP DAY CLASSY 6832-ET9/15/2012MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET2442Genesis Cooperative Herd
PINE-TREE 4233 MOGU 5523-ET10/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2440Matthew J. Steiner
SANDY-VALLEY UNO SAGE-ET10/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2438Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE DAPHNE-ET12/2/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2437Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
MS ADERYN MC ABIGAIL-ET10/25/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2437Dennis Caudil
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYA-ET11/22/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2437Tim Clark
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4536-ET11/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2435David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
PLAIN-KNOLL NMROUNO 6494-ET11/21/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2433Buschur Dairy Inc.
AURORA MOGUL 13446-ET11/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2433Aurora Ridge Dairy LLC
PREHEN SHAMROCK LADY ET9/7/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2433Holstein UK
SCO-LO-KRUSE DEAN CANDY-ET10/29/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2432John Cannon & Rob Kruse
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6881-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2431Genesis Cooperative Herd
OCD SS SOLEIL MOON FRYE-ET10/26/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2430Oakfield Corners Dairy
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALYN-ET11/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2428Tim Clark
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6883-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2427Genesis Cooperative Herd
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4535-ET11/14/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2426David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
S-S-I DADDY EARTHA 8461-ET11/1/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2425Select Sires Inc.
NORTH-ECHO NUM UNO 2813-ET10/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2425Clear Echo Farm LLC & North Fo
SANDY-VALLEY UNO SCARLET-ET10/6/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2425Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
ROSYLANE-LLC SHAMROCK 577611/18/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2424Rosy-Lane Holsteins LLC
MS GOLD-N-OAKS ADORE2500-ET7/8/2012GENERVATIONS EPIC2422Arabell Syndicate
VISION-GEN CAM A14166-ET10/12/2012SHEMA JEEVES CAMERON-ET2422VISION GENETICS
JOLICAP LAYNE DELPHINIUM-ET11/3/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2422Ferme Jolicap Inc
RONELEE SUPERSIRE TARYN-ET11/13/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2422Sherman Polinder
S-S-I UNO MARYANN 8526-ET11/27/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2422Select Sires Inc.
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2787-ET9/2/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2421Clear Echo Farm LLC
MS ADERYN MC ALLIE-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2420Dennis Caudil
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2352-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2419De Su Holsteins LLC
S-S-I DADDY KACEY 8471-ET11/3/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2419Select Sires Inc.
S-S-I SHAN MARSHA 8525-ET11/24/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2419Select Sires Inc.
BACON-HILL SUPRSRE MINDY-ET11/28/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2417Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
MS DREARY DREIMA-ETS11/10/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2417Trans-America Genetics
MS DREARY DREMA-ETS11/10/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2417Trans-America Genetics
LADIES-FIRST LXOR BANGLE-ET9/1/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2416Barbara Mountain & Ladies Firs
JERESA UNO PINEAPPLE-ET10/31/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2416Jere L & Teresa J Brubaker
RANSOM-RAIL MCCUTCH PING-ET10/11/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2415Ransom Rail Farms Inc.
S-S-I SHAN MOANA 8515-ET11/22/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2415Select Sires Inc.
TJR MCCUTCH DE-ANNA-ET11/10/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2415TJR Genetics
SANDY-VALLEY MOGUL AMBER-ET11/1/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2414Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
RANSOM-RAIL MCCUTCH PEG-ET10/11/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2414Ransom Rail Farms Inc.
BACON-HILL MOGUL EZRA-ET11/2/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2413Bacon-Hill Holsteins LLC
DE-SU UNO 2298-ET10/23/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2412De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2323-ET11/2/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2410De Su Holsteins LLC
CLAYTOP WHOLE LOTTA LOVE-ET6/23/2011LOTTA-HILL SHOTTLE 41-ET2408Jeffrey L. Paulen
WELCOME PARISH PRESTO-ET11/29/2012PLAIN-KNOLL PARISH 5534-ET2407Welcome Stock Farm LLC
LARCREST CREEK-ET11/2/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2406Jon E. Larson
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANAYE-ET11/22/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2404Tim Clark
SLO-TRAIN SHAM 34876/19/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2403Robert J. LaSalle
KERNDTWAY PETRONE DELTA-ET10/27/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2403Mark W. Kerndt
OCD MCCUTCHEN DAFNE-ET10/21/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2402Oakfield Corners Dairy
RONELEE UNO DARINGLY-ET10/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2401Sherman Polinder
S-S-I UNO MIRANDA 8503-ET11/15/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2400Select Sires Inc.
ATH-MOR UNO MIDNIGHT CRI-ET11/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2400Genesis Cooperative Herd
SPRUCE-HAVEN UNO KY14242-ET11/11/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2399Doug Young & James Nocek
BOSSIDE MOGUL TESSA-ET11/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2399John & Tineke Boschma
EDG BRYSHA UNO BREN-ET12/2/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2399Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2330-ET11/4/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2393De Su Holsteins LLC
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SERI-ETS10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Steven G. Holte
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SHANDA-ETS10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Steven G. Holte
LANDIS-MRK MOGUL ZANETA-ET11/1/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2392Robert E. Landis
RONELEE MOGUL DAVIANNA-ET10/8/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2390Sherman Polinder
EDG BRYSHA UNO BRISEN-ETS11/25/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
EDG BRYSHA UNO BRESEN-ETS11/25/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Jeffrey Butler
S-S-I SPRSIRE MELOSA8473-ET11/3/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2390Select Sires Inc.
LARCREST CREST-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2390Jon E. Larson
AB-TY NUMERO UNO BRIELLE-ET11/26/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2388AB-TY Genetics
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4539-ET11/19/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2387David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
MS DREARY DREAMAR-ET11/23/2012ROYLANE BOXER PUNCH 4311-ET2387Trans-America Genetics
WESSELCREST FACEB MAGGIE-ET1/25/2012MARBRI FACEBOOK2386Walt Brent & Jason Wessel
NO-FLA MOGUL STACY 34071-ET10/13/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2386North Florida Holsteins
S-S-I ASPEN MILA 8518-ET11/24/2012PINE-TREE ASPEN 223-ET2386Select Sires Inc.
S-S-I DADDY PRIMA 8452-ET10/31/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2385Select Sires Inc.
NORTH-ECHO LITHIUM 2778-ET8/23/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2385Clear Echo Farm LLC & North Fo
CO-OP UNO YOYO 6882-ET10/3/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2385Genesis Cooperative Herd
LEVEL-PLAIN ECOYNE COLA-ET9/9/2012ECOYNE ISY2385Keith A. Nettekoven
EDG STICTH MOGUL STAR-ET10/30/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2385Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
L-L-M-DAIRY S S PERU-ET11/15/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2384L-L-M Dairy
TJR MCCUTCHEN DICE-ET12/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2384TJR Genetics
T-GEN-AC MOGUL JANALEE-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2384Tim Clark
CLEAR-ECHO LEXOR 2788-ET9/4/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2383Clear Echo Farm LLC
RICKLAND O-DADDY 446611/26/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2382Greg Rickert
RI-VAL-RE MCCUTCHN QUEEN-ET11/15/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2379Aaron Jorgensen
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2335-ET11/6/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2379De Su Holsteins LLC
HALL-LAR NUT 42610/18/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2379S. Larson & D. Hallberg
NO-FLA MOGUL TAMIA 34132-ET10/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2378North Florida Holsteins
S-S-I SHAN SHARI 8517-ET11/22/2012LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET2378Select Sires Inc.
LARCREST CONCORD-ET10/26/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2378Jon E. Larson
CLEAR-ECHO NUM UNO 2833-ET11/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2378Clear Echo Farm LLC
SPEEK-NJ CINDY CRAWFORD-ET11/28/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2378Neil McDonah
DE-SU ODADDY 2383-ET11/18/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2378De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU LITHIUM 2299-ET10/24/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2377Darin Meyer
ABBY-CONTOUR MOGUL DAISY-ET11/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2377Randy & Sara Mikshowsky
HONEYCREST MOGUL FANFARE-ET9/24/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2376Honeycrest Farms Inc
DE-SU LITHIUM 2325-ET11/2/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2375Darin Meyer
SYNERGY MOGUL SNOWHITE-ET12/6/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2375Synergy Farm LLC
FUSTEAD UNO LOVE-ET8/19/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2375Brian & Wendy Fust
BACCHUS ELION 25/28/2012COOKIECUTTER MOM HUNTER-ET2375A L H Genetics BV
M-JAYBEE GRAFEETI 6252 96797/30/2012LADYS-MANOR RD GRAFEETI-ET2374Fiscalini Farms
NO-FLA PARADISE 33729-ET9/10/2012REGANCREST PARADISE-ET2372North Florida Holsteins
NO-FLA MAURICE RAE 34224-ET10/28/2012MOUNTFIELD MSY MAURICE-ET2372North Florida Holsteins
AURORA PERRY 13448-ET11/14/2012CO-OP UPD AL PERRY 4102372Aurora Ridge Dairy LLC
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4521-ET11/6/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2372David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
SONRAY-ACRES PTRN CRYSTL-ET11/17/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2371Paul G. Powell
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GALES-ET11/29/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2370Welcome Stock Farm LLC
OCD MCCUTCHEN DAWSYN-ET11/1/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2370Oakfield Corners Dairy
SPEEK-NJ PENELOPE CRUZ-ET11/27/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2370Neil McDonah
SEAGULL-BAY SSIRE MAY-ET12/1/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2369Seagull Bay Dairy Inc.
EVER-GREEN-VIEW ASP10/23/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2369Thomas J. Kestell
ATH-MOR UNO MAGIC CRI-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2369Genesis Cooperative Herd
S-S-I DEAN MINDA 8537-ET12/2/2012RONELEE SUPER DEAN-ET2368Select Sires Inc.
SANDY-VALLEY UNO DOS-ET8/14/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
TUI CAYLEAH UNO-ET8/21/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Psuche L. & Curtis D. Hoffman
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2311-ET10/28/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2368De Su Holsteins LLC
KHW JOLICAP UNO ADELMA-ET11/23/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2368Ferme Jolicap Inc
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2353-ET11/8/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2367De Su Holsteins LLC
S-S-I FONSY SHAKIRA 8453-ET10/31/2012EVER-GREEN-VIEW FONSY-ET2367Select Sires Inc.
MATCREST LEXOR CHI CHI-ET10/30/2012GENERVATIONS LEXOR2366Matthew R. Johnson
DE-SU SUPERSIRE 2337-ET11/6/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2366Darin Meyer
SYNERGY UNO PIZAZZ-ET12/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2365Synergy Farm LLC
SANDY-VALLEY MF AMARILLO-ET11/23/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2365Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
FROSTY-ROCK NUMERO UNO 94310/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2364Matt & Katie Stoll
BRU-DALE PETRONE ZELDA-ET11/1/2012WELCOME SUPER PETRONE-ET2364Michael R & Melissa M Brubaker
FLY-HIGHER SUPSIRE MINNI-ET11/22/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2363Fly-Higher Holsteins LLC
HONEYCREST MOGUL FANTASY-ET9/17/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2362Honeycrest Farms Inc
CREST-VIEW-ACRES SOLO-ET4/14/2012MISTY SPRINGS SUPERSONIC2361Steven G. Holte
DE-SU UNO 2306-ET10/26/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2359De Su Holsteins LLC
RI-VAL-RE MOGUL EVETTE-ET12/9/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2358Aaron Jorgensen
DE-SU MOGUL 2380-ET11/18/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2358De Su Holsteins LLC
SANDY-VALLEY MAY ABRIANA-ET11/24/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2358Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
WELCOME SUPERSIRE GAILA-ET11/26/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2356Welcome Stock Farm LLC
RI-VAL-RE SUPRSRE NIKALA-ET12/10/2012SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET2356Aaron Jorgensen
ANDERCREST MOGUL ALEXIS-ET11/15/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2356Brandon Anderson
BUSH-BROS UNO 4533-ET11/13/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2356David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
ARMSON MOGUL VIOLET-ET11/2/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2354Armson Farms LLC
WELCOME MCCUTCHEN SALLI-ET11/29/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2354Welcome Stock Farm LLC
RIVER-BRIDGE BUGGLES CRI-ET11/1/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2354Genesis Cooperative Herd
S-S-I UNO RAWNIE 8446-ET10/29/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2353Select Sires Inc.
VIEUXSAULE MAYFIELD DABNEY-ET10/24/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2353Trans-America Genetics
VISION-GEN SHA A14130-ET9/28/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2353VISION GENETICS
MD-MRK-OVF UNO MARGO-ET11/5/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2352Matthew R Kimball
SLO-TRAIN SHAM 85255/22/2012LADYS-MANOR PL SHAMROCK-ET2352Robert J. LaSalle
NO-FLA PARADISE 34011-ET10/9/2012REGANCREST PARADISE-ET2351North Florida Holsteins
JK EDER CREAMY11/16/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2351Eurogenes
GOLD-N-OAKS SB JULES2523-ET8/18/2012MR GOLDNOAKS SUPERBOWL-ET2351John & Judy Swenson
HENDEL MCTCHN ADRIA 3719-ET10/26/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2349Hendel Farms
DE-SU ODADDY 2327-ET11/3/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2349De Su Holsteins LLC
BUSH-BROS MOGUL 4541-ET11/20/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2349David Leroy & Bradley Nosbush
MORNINGVIEW ROBUST RADIO-ET6/30/2011ROYLANE SOCRA ROBUST-ET2349Tom J. Schmitt
AB-TY NUMERO UNO BRIUNA-ET11/24/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2349AB-TY Genetics
OCD MCCUTCHEN MADISON-ET11/7/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2348Oakfield Corners Dairy
T-GEN-AC LAYNE LYCKA-ET11/13/2012KELLERCREST SUPER LAYNE-ET2348Tim Clark
S-S-I SNOWMAN MELLY 8460-ET10/31/2012FLEVO GENETICS SNOWMAN-ET2347Select Sires Inc.
JC-KOW NUMERO UNO 473-ET11/4/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2346JC-Kow Farms LLC
N-SPRINGHOPE HDLINER YES-ET11/10/2012SEAGULL-BAY HEADLINER-ET2346J Kevin & Barbara Nedrow
EDG CLAIRE CAROLINA-ET10/23/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2345Elite Dairy Genomics LLC
DELCATH NUMERO-UNO JAYDA-ET10/9/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2345Gary L. Protzman
SANDY-VALLEY MOGL RAMONA-ET10/25/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2345Dave Pat Frank Jr. & Greg B
DE-SU UNO 2316-ET10/30/2012AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MCCUTCHEN 2324-ET11/2/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU MAYFIELD 235711/10/2012DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET2344De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU LITHIUM 2266-ET10/14/2012S-S-I DOMAIN LITHIUM-ET2343De Su Holsteins LLC
DE-SU ODADDY 2304-ET10/25/2012RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET2343De Su Holsteins LLC
OCD MCCUTCHEN DUBLIN-ET10/30/2012DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET2343Oakfield Corners Dairy
COOKIECUTTER MOGUL HARBOR11/18/2012MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET2342Denise M. Dickinson

* Expressed relative to a value of 2000 set for the highest animal in the group using the CDN Customized Index Calculator
Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

For information on BEI follow this link (Read more: 30 Sires that will produce Feed Efficient Cows).  Between the top three bulls in Table 4 there is little difference when it comes to siring feed efficient cows. A s with Net merit (Table 3) bulls come to the top for BEI when they are rated for their daughters being moderate in stature and body depth, fertile, have moderate depth of udder, are able to resist mastitis, are able to calve in without difficulty (DCE or DCA) and have a long herd life.

PP Polled Bulls

Table 5 PP Bulls Ranked by BEI

CANADIANINTERNATIONALYOUNG SIRES
LONG-LANGS OMAN OMAN-ETCO-OP BOSSIDE MASSEY-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY-ET
CRACKHOLM FEVERCOYNE-FARMS DORCY-ETSOUTHERN-HILLS BAYARD-ET
BRAEDALE GOLDWYNDE-SU  CIMARRON-ETFARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET
ALLYNDALE-I ATTICUSBADGER-BLUFF FANNY FREDDIEMR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET
LIRR DREW DEMPSEYCERVI ALLEMAR ETCO-OP BOOKEM YUXI-ET
DE-SU GILLESPY-ETDE-SU GULF-ETCO-OP MASTER GENO-ET
GEN-I-BEQ BRAWLERBERTAIOLA MINCIO ETAMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO ET
GILLETTE JORDANGUARINI-ETTEEMAR OBSERVER ADAM-ET
GEN-I-BEQ TOPSIDEDE-SU FORK-ETDE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET
ENSENADA TABOO PLANET-ETDE-SU WATSONDE-SU UNO 11446-ET

* Expressed relative to a value of 2000 set for the highest animal in the group using the CDN Customized Index Calculator
Please note that not all polled sires are identified on the CDN system

The information in table 5 came from the CDN files (Most listings do not separate out PP bulls.) The only sure way to have all progeny born polled is to use PP bulls.  That will limited the total genetic merit of your herd but it will get you to a polled herd more quickly.

Lowering Inbreeding

For breeders using polled sires and interested in lowering the inbreeding level in their herd, we provide a list of bulls that are below average for their inbreeding level (the number in the brackets is their Inbreeding %): Man P (2.73%); Magna P (3.88%); Illegal P (4.46%); Trey PP (4.58%); Snowball P (4.67%); Colt P (5.20%); Earnhardt P (5.78%); and Terrel PP (6.01%).

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The great news is – there is more choice and increased genetic merit than ever before in polled Holstein sires. As we reported previously, polled animals have made significant gains in the last five years when it comes to their total merit indexes relative to horned animals. The Bullvine recommends that breeders include at least three polled sire in the group of sires that they are currently using. In five years you will pat yourself on the back and say ‘Good Decision’. Discerning consumers of milk products want to know that the milk products that they buy come from animals that are humanely cared for.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

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Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

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top read 14 icon1609833_1448336345382033_233600523_n[1]2014 editors choice graphicHow would you react if you woke up tomorrow morning to find that an eviction sign had been posted on your farm and you and your family had a deadline to remove yourselves and your goods? What if the expropriation was being carried out by no less than the army and your legal rights amount to absolute zero?

Bad for anyone right? Well it gets worse.

For the Meyers family they have lived, loved and worked on this property since 1798 when the Crown land patent assigned the property to them “forever.” Ironically it was awarded for exemplary military service? But that’s not what counts here in the 21st Century. What the government wants the government gets.

That’s the situation facing octogenarian Frank Meyers and his wife Marjorie.

The simple facts are that the federal government has pushed them off their historic property near Canadian Forces base Trenton to construct a new headquarters for Joint Task Force 2, the Canadian military’s elite Special Forces squad. Frank Meyers did not ask for the fight. Neither did the armed forces. Traditionally farmers and forces have served in different ways but with the same end in sight. It appears that the only end in sight for this conflict is an embarrassing example of how immovable positions can hurt everyone.

It has been more than seven years since the feds first offered to buy Frank’s Ontario his farm.

Eighteen months ago it was expropriated despite his objections. After all if the state wants your land (for a highway, a hospital or a top-secret training facility), you can either sell now or be expropriated later. However, the law isn’t always just and Meyers’s lopsided battle with forces beyond his control has captured the attention and hearts of fellow Canadians and farmers around the world. As is often the case, the story was supposed to go away before attracting too much attention. But now complete strangers are spreading the word, phoning the farm and writing letters and blogs of support. An online petition is collecting signatures (18,833 at last check). And a Facebook campaign (“Save Frank & Marjorie Meyers Farm”) has amassed 42,895 supporters in a little more than a week.

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Why didn’t this happen sooner?

Was there a chance this kind of outpouring could have made a difference, if it happened earlier in the confrontation? The cynic in me says no because whenever the government promises the juicy carrot of money at the end of the tunnel friends, neighbours and community leaders lose sight of any other reasonable alternative. How easily we forget that the money rarely pays for what is lost. Oh. Some will see the money. Perhaps the local Mayor with his lands and three local hotels will make a generous offer to one side or the other. Or perhaps the local Member of Parliament who is so accountable to his election promises will cease to insist on demonstrating that you have to be on his good “number” side to have his support …. After all, he is seeking re-election. He is counting real votes. History. Humanitarianism. Will they help him at the polls? If not, then he can’t really fight for you. A few barbecues, some photo-ops with the animals and a few smile-and-nod-off-and-run-off handshakes at farmer days – and his agricultural action list is complete.

The main players insist they are looking at the “big” picture. Unfortunately these artists have really only mastered paint-by-numbers and those will only hang in a hall of shame not fame.

Frank and Marjorie, like many of us, fall into the small rural citizenship demographic. They aren’t the first and won’t be the last to be rolled under by bigger interests.
Wait until the numbers suggest that there is a need for big box stores, superhighways and sprawling subdivisions to house the big city commuters. Hopefully, your personal pockets will have been lined by the “millions” accrued from this “absolutely necessary” expansion. We are all proud of the men and women who fight to defend our country. Sometimes we are not so proud of the decision-making that goes on behind the scenes. Every action is not noble. Sometimes the ones who are defeated are those who for generations have supported our fighting forces. I fear that this isn’t the only battle the JF2 will face. And lose!

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Where is the “win” in this lost situation?

I personally think it would be a symbolic show of support, not only for this farmer and his family history, but for all the rural farms and families who are seen as expendable to government progress. The fact is you never know what unforeseen event could have a tremendous impact on your planning – five years .. ten years … tomorrow. Farming is not short term. You don’t start in with the plan that, at the first bump, you will move out. Farmers endure generations on the home farm and sometimes the enduring is the hardest fought battle. And it affects all of us who are in agriculture.

Is it a hard decision?

Yes! Is either side absolutely right? No! Is there no alternative but the “done deal”? We will never know. Is it necessary? Perhaps. However , it is hard not to be amazed that a group that can manage the defence of an entire country … cannot imagine, propose and carry out a plan that will leave one man and his family with their dignity and family history in tact?

We all know that life goes on and the Meyer’s family – has no choice but to take the next step.

Having said that, Frank stayed true to his vision. He has even complimented those he has dealt with “The military guys have been very nice and supportive,” says John Meyers, who understands that his family’s spat is with the government, not the members of JTF 2. “The bureaucrats are the ones running this show.”

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“Fighting to keep his family farm, Frank Meyers has enjoyed precious little public support.”

That is the phrase that stood out for me and no doubt for many others when they first heard about the Meyer’s plight. Here at the Bullvine we know firsthand the passion of the agricultural community. As the momentum grows, Tom and Marjorie are learning that real support comes from unexpected places and in unexpected ways. If you have the time to encourage Frank Meyers and add to the “numbers” he couldn’t rally before he was turfed out, add your “like” to Facebook Page. Eighty-five year old Meyers does not have Internet but he is aware of the support and feels gratified by the response. “I can’t stop people from fighting for me. They’ll never know how much I appreciate what they’re doing. I could never repay them.”

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The Bullvine Bottom Line

Frank doesn’t have the Internet but you can be absolutely assured that the number crunchers do. Will it make a difference? Yes. To Frank Meyers it will. And that’s the only number that counts! .

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Comments (5)

Recently I took the opportunity to review the Canadian Breed Strategy presented by Holstein Canada.  (Read more: Holstein Canada Breed Strategy, The Bullvine Feedback) I started to ask myself, “What, exactly, is the role of a modern dairy cattle breed association?”

First of all let’s get one thing clear.  I have the Holstein Canada logo tattooed on my chest.  That was a decision that I made as a young adult in order to display my passion for two of the greatest things in the world, Holstein cattle and Canada.  So for me to take a critical look at this is something I do with passion.  The perspectives that motivate me result from personally observing both the producer side as well as the association side.  My father was head of type classification and genetic improvement at Holstein Canada for 18 years.  That background motivates my review which essentially boils down to one question.  “Are breed associations still relevant?”

Now let’s be realistic, the role of the Holstein breed associations is much different than that of the colored breed associations.  Holsteins represent 92% of the dairy cattle in North America.  So for the colored breeds focus is driven by the need for  awareness and preservation.  What is the focus of the Holstein breed associations?

Politics vs. Corporation

For me this question really begins with the fact of how you look at breed associations?  Are they similar to a government entity and therefore they are to represent the best interests of their members and function mainly in a political role?  Or are they to function similar to a corporation and work at growing the profitability of the association and its members?  For me, I would answer that it’s a little bit a both.

The Elephant in the Room

It`s time now to consider the elephant that is hiding in the corner of the room.  In North America  approximately 22% of all Holstein cattle are registered with either Holstein USA or Holstein Canada.  That means that the large majority (78%) of the Holstein cattle in North America are not registered with either breed association.  When such a large majority is not seeing the value in registration and the association programs, I have to ask, “Are Holstein associations relevant to the majority of today’s dairy producers?”

On a personal level, I see great value in purebred dairy cattle, registrations, type classification, and the many other programs.  But obviously the fact that almost 78% of the Holstein Cattle in North America are not registered tells me that the large majority do not see the value.  Why is that?

When I ask that of many the commercial producers that I chat with the answer often boils down to one comment.  “I don’t see the value in the investment.”  Most of the time this position is held by commercial producers that run their operations more like a corporation, rather than passion for a specific breed or way of life.  While many are larger operations, I get the same answer from both large and small.

Technology has changed the world

In the 1980s the value of a purebred heifer of fresh cow was far greater than that of a grade.  But in today’s marketplace, the difference in prices does not warrant the need for registration.  Also reducing the  pressure  for registrations is the fact that computerized record keeping has evolved to a state that the records available on-farm are as complete as those available from the breed associations.  This has further reduced breeder’s perception of the value of registration.

So then it comes down to the other programs that breed associations provide.  The largest of them has to be type classification.  Now let’s be clear I am a HUGE fan of type classification.  But more and more I hear producers wondering if it is really worth it.  (Read more: Is type classification still important?)  They cite things like the use of genomics as a reason that they no longer need to type classify.  Well as we all know Genomics is not a perfect (Read more: The Genomic Bubble Has Burst?, Genomics – Lies, Miss-Truths and False Publications! and How Genomics is Killing the Dairy Cattle Breeding Industry), but it is a great tool.  However, in order to improve its accuracy, the breed still requires the phenotypic data from programs like type classification and milk recording.

While we are talking about technology, why can’t we use more of this on-farm information for genetic evaluations?  Sure I have heard the concerns about accuracy of data, and the ethics of allowing producers to record their own data.  But who said that this data had to be used for female genetic evaluations?  Why can’t we include this large data set in bull genetic evaluations, so that we can greatly increase the accuracy of sire proofs?  We could even develop more management based genetic evaluations that connect more directly to the bottom line?

Who Cares About Index?

From many of the most passionate breeders in the world, I hear “mixed” comments about the index systems, like TPI, LPI, etc.  (Please note that TPI is a trademark of Holstein USA) Yet breed associations continue to focus on this as a major issue.  While there is no doubt that having a national index has done wonders for marketing and genetic advancement.  In reality every breeder should have their own index.  The best index is the one that the works hand in hand with specific management goals.  Having one National Index isn’t working.  First of all we are in a global marketplace.  Secondly, we need at least have three difference indexes.  One that represents the needs of the seed stock producer (similar to TPI or LPI).  One that represents the needs of the commercial producer (similar to NM$).  Finally one that works for those breeding for the show ring (similar to CONF or PTAT).  Only then will you start to settle this debate.

As long as we continue to try to promote one “unified” national index, it will continue to be seen as nothing more than a marketing tool.  If you really want to have a tool that is for breed advancement and not for marketing, you need to understand that every breeder’s needs are different.  And when you start to look at things from the different perspectives of all producers, and try to represent and respect each one of their individual needs, you will start to see the greatest advancement in the breed.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Really the breed strategy must come down to, “How do you make me more profitable?”  All other issues are secondary to that.  For years I have heard “Well a higher classified cow will last longer in your herd and produce more milk over their lifetime.”  Well I am sorry to tell you that the data does not always support that conclusion.  What if the cow has reproduction issues?  What if they don’t milk very hard?  All of these challenges to profitability also greatly reduce their productive life, yet they are not factored into most of the programs that breed associations currently offer.  If you really want to get a larger share of the national herd pie, you need to show the average producer the measurable effect that registered animals and the associated programs have on their bottom line.  All other issues are just smoke and mirrors that many of the politicians (Breed association board members) spend far too much time focusing on.  I want my breed association to “Show me the money!”

 

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Global Warming and Its Effect on Dairy Cattle

Thursday, January 16th, 2014

Over the past few weeks we have certainly seen some extreme weather conditions around the world.  Those on the east coast of North America have been hit by record cold temperatures.  At the same time, those in Australia have been experiencing record hot temperatures.  These extreme weather conditions have many wondering what effects “Global Warming” will have on the dairy cattle  There has been lots of coverage in the media about  dairy cattle and their alleged contribution to greenhouse gases and how that is contributing to Global Warming.  Very little has been addressed about the effects extreme weather conditions have on the dairy cattle themselves.  One thing appears certain.  Extreme heat waves and cold fronts are the new ‘normal’.

As producers know, cow and calf comfort is one of the most important factors in milk production and growth.  As more and more producers are experiencing extreme temperatures, keeping their animals comfortable is becoming harder.  Drastic increases or decreases in ambient temperature affects animal production systems by affecting the health, reproduction, nutrition etc. of the animals and thereby results in poor performance, inferior product quality, outbreak of novel diseases, etc.  Dairy cattle are   more susceptible to increased ambient temperature than other ruminants, because of their high metabolic rate and the poor water retention mechanism of their kidney and gastrointestinal tracts.  Young stock are not immune to these weather stresses either.

Greater temperature shifts and shifts that are more frequent seem to be the most obvious weather changes that will have effects on dairy cattle.  It is forecasted that we can expect even greater atmospheric temperature changes.  Therefore these issues are going to come to the forefront.  The following are the five major impacts   that global warming will have on dairy cattle.

  1. Ambient temperature’s effect on Dry Matter Intake (DMI)
    When cows are stressed their Dry Matter Intake (DMI) decreases.  As the heat rises DMI decreases.  Feed consumption by dairy cattle starts to decline when average daily temperature reaches 25 to 27 Centigrade  (77 to 81 Fahrenheit) and voluntary feed intake can be decreased by 10-35% when ambient temperature reaches 35 C (95 Fahrenheit) and above.  Conversely, cows that are experiencing extreme cold weather conditions increase their DMI intake drastically, but instead of the consumption being converted in to milk production, a much larger portion of their energy is committed to their maintenance energy requirements.  Thermal cold stress conditions result in 20-30% more maintenance energy requirement and an ensuing reduction in the amount of net energy available for growth and production.
  2. Increased respiratory rate
    When dairy cows experience increased thermal stress, their heart rate rises.  The heart rate of the animal under thermal heat stress is higher to ensure more blood flow towards peripheral tissue to dissipate heat from the body core to the skin.  This increased effort takes much needed energy away from milk production.  Respiration rate of the animal can be used as an indicator of the severity of thermal load but several other factors such as animal condition, prior exposures to high temperature etcetera should be considered to interpret the observed respiration rate.
  3. Decreased conception rates
    As weather stress increases, dairy reproduction function decreases, resulting in decreased conception rates.  This is a result of thermal stress that causes imbalance in secretion of reproductive hormones.  High ambient temperature has also been reported to increase incidence of ovarian cysts.  Plasma progesterone levels in animals under high ambient temperatures are low compared to animals that are experiencing thermal comfort.  It has also been reported that high ambient temperature causes poor quality of ovarian follicles resulting in poor reproductive performance in cattle.  Fertility of cattle is also reduced due to low intensity and duration of estrus caused by reduced luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol secretion during thermal stress.  In addition, thermal stress also causes decreased reproductive efficiency by increasing the calving interval. Calves born from dams under thermal stress were found to be of lower body weight than those from normal cows.  Additionally the dams had reduced lactation performance due to the carryover effects of thermal stress which occurred during the prepartum period.
  4. Decreased Metabolic Responses
    Under heat stress metabolism is reduced, which is associated with reduced thyroid hormone secretion and gut motility, resulting in increased gut fill.  Plasma growth hormone concentration and secretion rates decline with high temperature (35 ºC / 95 ºF).  Ruminal pH is typically lower in heat stressed cattle
  5. Decreased Milk Production
    Reduction in milk production is one of the major economic impacts of climatic stress upon dairy cattle.  Decrease in milk yield due to thermal heat stress is more prominent in Holstein than in Jersey cattle (Read more…).  Decreased synthesis of hepatic glucose and lower non esterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels in blood during thermal stress causes reduced glucose supply to the mammary glands and results in low lactose synthesis, which in turn leads to low milk yield.  As mentioned earlier, reduction in milk yield is further intensified by decrease in feed consumption by the animals to compensate for high environmental temperature.  Actually 35% of reduced milk production is due to decreased feed intake while the remaining 65% is attributable directly to the thermal stress.  Other factors resulting in reduced milk production during thermal stress are decreased nutrient absorption, negative effects on rumen function and hormonal status and increased maintenance requirements.  These all mean that there is reduced net energy available for production.

To combat heat stress check out these articles (Read more: Are you feeling the heat?  and Heat Stress on Dairy Cattle) and to combat cold stress (Read more: COMMON SENSE, COWS and the UN-COMMON COLD of 2014!“COLD CALVES” – The Next Drama Coming to a Calf Pen Near You! and Cold Weather Effects on Dairy Cattle)

The Bullvine Bottom Line

There is no question that the world’s temperatures are changing because of atmospheric pressure changes caused by Global Warming.  Warming or cooling of the climate system of the earth has multifaceted effects on animals.  Intensification and increased frequency of thermal stress due to global warming has the most prominent impact on dairy cattle and causes   different physiological, metabolic and production disturbances.  The importance of responding to thermal stress has been increased for dairy farmers in tropical, subtropical and even in temperate regions of the world due to atmospheric warming.  As these effects increase, it will be increasingly urgent for the milk producers of the world to provide environments that are able to combat these effects and offer the greatest comfort for their cattle.  Global Warming is actually Global Warning for the dairy industry.

 

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..with Gene “Bambi” Henderson on the Halter

Wednesday, January 15th, 2014

If you’re passionate about dairy cattle, you will have seen many winning cattle pictures that record show ring success followed by the phrase, “…with Gene ‘Bambi’ Henderson on the halter.” Gene Henderson of Manchester, Iowa is a showman whose career has spanned four decades. Countless highlights from that time have been recorded for posterity with this outstanding showman standing beside outstanding animals. Sometimes Bambi is requested to take the halter on other special occasions too. Everyone enjoyed such a moment last year. Gene was requested to take the halter and it was duly recorded beneath the picture taken at The Franchise Kind Jersey Sale. “Karlie, a Jersey cow that sold for a world-record $170,000 on Monday, March 25, 2013, at an auction on Onondaga Hill, is led around the auction ring by Gene Henderson.” (Read more: Jersey cow sold in Syracuse for a record $170,000)

Gene Henderson lead the world record selling Page-Crest Excitation Karlie

Gene Henderson leading the world record selling Page-Crest Excitation Karlie

….Four Decades and Five Different Breeds

Standing first in line is the most obvious measure of dairy cattle show ring success. Repeatedly achieving that position, over a period spanning forty years and five different cattle breeds is exceptional. For Bambi this is what makes his showring experiences special and, although not the entire story of his passion for dairy cattle, it is what makes his memories one-of-a-kind.

The following list, although not all-inclusive, provides a few of the highlights:

  • Brown Swiss 1988 Bambis Jade Fantasy – 1st Winter Calf & Res. JC WDE and All-American Winter Calf
  • Holstein 1996 Buggs Blackstar Buffy – WDE Champion (Carrousel)
  • Brown Swiss 1996 Arnola Possibly Pricilla – Intermediate Champion WDE
  • Holstein Show 1998 Mt.Glen Broker Lucy – Intermediate Champion
  • R&W Holstein 1998 Stelbro Renita Ranger-Red – WDE Champion (Carrousel)
  • Jersey 2005 Llolyn Jude Griffen – Louisville Grand Champion (Vail & Budjon)
  • Milking Shorthorn 2013 Lands-Brook Christina – WDE Champion (Lands Brook)
Gene Henderson leading the 2013 Milking Shorthorn  Grand Champion - Lands-Brook Christina

Gene Henderson leading the 2013 Milking Shorthorn Grand Champion – Lands-Brook Christina

Of course, when it gets down to true passion for dairy cattle, there are many times when the day ranks high in your memories for reasons other than winning. Bambi has enjoyed his wide-ranging showring career and points to highlights such as being the first person to show Taraley Astro Sherry as a Sr. 3 Yr. Old for Pamton and showing Sample Patrice to her first blue and Bambi’s first blue at Madison in 1981. A review of Bambi`s successes would not be complete without considering that he has successfully led his own breeding into the winners circle, including several All American winning Jerseys either bred alone or in partnership.

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…..4-H marked Gene`s start in cattle showmanship

Gene Henderson and his brothers shared show ring experiences at the Iowa farm of their parents Verla and Merle Henderson. “4-H was my first start in showing dairy cattle. A grade Holstein was my first show calf at Linn County Fair. My family had a herd of Holsteins, Quality Ridge. That’s where “Hazel” was bred. So we had cattle my entire life. There are still cattle at the home farm.” Home was where Gene first felt his multi-breed passion for cattle. “Originally we had Guernseys, then Grade Holsteins and then registered.” As Gene grew up with the dairy industry his passion was further ignited. “At Iowa State University, Intercollegiate Judging, I met Norm Nabholz. I started at shows with Nabholz Farm the first summer of my Junior year. After college I got more involved with some high profile farms.” He makes it sound simple as he modestly downplays his talents. During the early years Bambi became acquainted with lifelong friend Perry Phend who also appreciated his talent and when given the opportunity Bambi was tagged to lead some of the best under Perry’s care at Lylehaven and in later years Carousel Farm. Bambi is quick to credit Perry and Bob Fitzsimmons with giving him a leg up in showing several All Americans.

Waterloo 09 061

…Not Simply “Chosen” but “The Best of the Best”

Over the years, Bambi has been the showman that is not simply the one that is chosen but the one who is sought out! Gene Henderson is recognized by many other exceptional showmen for his skill in this area. Norm Nabholz is emphatic about Gene’s expertise. “There is NOBODY better on the Halter than Bambi.” Norm recognizes that there is ongoing debate whenever the question of listing who is the best comes up. “You know you can argue about best judge, best cow, best bull (Before Goldwyn) best fitter, etcetera but, in this case, this gentleman is the BEST.” Nabholz closes the argument with a humble but vigorous disclaimer. “This is my opinion. But I have seen more than my share of great showmen and ladies in my lifetime. Bambi is the Best.”

….The Story Behind the Story

Sheer volume of experience in the show ring, means that Gene Henderson has a storehouse of memories to draw on. Although he’s recognized for making it look easy, sometimes this was more of a challenge then anyone could have foreseen. The story is told of the time that he was leading a cow who had been operated on for a displaced abomasums. The catheter was removed just ahead of show time. Then Gene went to work and history records that “Bambi” led Griffin to the title of Reserve Grand Champion of the Show. “Bambi has this amazing style about his showmanship. That’s why he was the logical choice to show Llolyn Jude Griffen- Ex-95 both at Madison and Louisville.”

Gene Henderson leading  LLOLYN JUDE GRIFFEN to 1st 4-Year-Old, Senior & Grand Champion of 2005 NORTH AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION Jersey Show

Gene Henderson leading LLOLYN JUDE GRIFFEN to 1st 4-Year-Old, Senior & Grand Champion of 2005 NORTH AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION Jersey Show

Sometimes the things you learn about people are un-expected

For instance, do you know why Gene Henderson is widely known as “Bambi”? According to impeccable sources (the man himself) it is because, “In high school a coach said I ran like a deer, Thus Bambi”. Who would have foretold the eventual success of this speedy athlete? For many of his mentors, it probably hasn’t been unexpected. (Editor’s note: while this story started during Bambi’s college days it was never documented and knowing how tight Bambi is there are those that believe that a shirt was purchased at a thrift store that had the name “Bambi” on the back and the story was invented to justify the shirt). Gene credits his success, first of all to the influence of his family. He then turns to two admired gentlemen namely, Milford Nabholz and Bob Massee and, in recent years, to the Reibe Family from Wisconsin “a very humble and down to earth family” for whom Bambi has led several All Americans and in partnership bred several as well. However, it isn’t surprising that Nabholz Family holds a revered position at the top of the list of Gene’s mentors. “If I had not met Norm and his family I would never have gone on to the bigger shows.” (Read more about Norm – HALTER, PEN and GAVEL. That’s Just the Norm)

Bambi and Bernice

…there was one time when Gene’s greatest success was outside the showring

The showring circuit provides great memories and beyond that Gene is grateful for the whole experience. “Beyond the winning, I have enjoyed meeting remarkable people, showing some of the finest cattle and traveling throughout North America. Being a member of the Winning Intercollegiate Judging team while at also Iowa State stands out as an achievement.” However, Gene feels strongly about what has been most meaningful to him. “Personally, the biggest accomplishment for me would be my recovery from a stroke, January 18, 1999.”

…. a Gentleman who is Recognized by his Peers.

The dairy industry values those who make a difference. Sometimes that affects the way we perceive our industry and quite often those people become role models for others to follow. In 2001 Gene won the Robert Massee Sportsmanship Award given to the individual who exemplifies good sportsmanship in the show ring as well as in the cattle barn. And recently he was announced as the winner of The Max Gordon Recognition Award. This award is given annually to an exhibitor who possesses the five key elements for which the award’s namesake stood: sportsmanship, ethics, professionalism, ability and promotion of the Jersey cow. Gene Henderson is a deserving recipient of this award but no doubt feels more comfortable downplaying his own abilities. Bambi has spent many years perfecting how to put the most complimentary spotlight on the animal at the end of the halter. And that`s where he prefers the attention to be. When huge crowds are focused on the animal he is leading, that is good. When the Judge is focused there too, then he is getting the job done correctly. That is why friends, family and peers recognize him as “the Best”.

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Gene Henderson was announced as the winner of The Max Gordon Recognition Award

The Bullvine Bottom Line

And so, Gene ‘Bambi’ Henderson reiterates his personal priorities. “You can be competitive in the ring and still be humble after the show. Showing cattle should be about the care of the cows 365 days a year. Not just the time in the showring.” And he concludes with advice that is not to be overlooked when developing a successful lifetime career, “Enjoy every day and laugh a lot.” Congratulations Gene Henderson, we admire you …..on the halter …. and in life.

 

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Two months ago I had one of those conversations. A friend said to me “you know Murray I am moving on from just simple genomics”. That perked my ears up and I listened more intently. “Yep I am now thinking about epigenomics”, he said. Well that was enough to set me off investigating what is out there that is beyond what our industry is currently considering and using when it comes to genomic.  Relax a little, this may seem like rocket science today, but it is in tune with what our industry has always done in the past.  We look to find more accurate ways of indentifying the elite animals. Then we figure out how knowing that information gives us ways to make dairy breeders and dairy farming more profitable.

Already Many Steps Too Far?

So now ‘epigenomics’ was pinned to my clipboard. But I didn’t get any further before I had a Master Breeder husband and wife corner me for half an hour and ‘inform’ me that “The Bullvine was leading the industry astray”. They stated to me that “they were from Missouri” and perhaps we should “still only be using the actually officially authenticated information – DHIR records and breed classification results – when it comes to selecting bulls and marketing females.  They asked how can we know that the hair pulled and submitted for DNA testing actually came from said animal.” I have known this couple for almost forty years so I took the discussion on to a review great cows of the past and how they would not compare to the great show and brood cows of today. As we started to conclude our conversation the lady, who had been somewhat quiet during our sharing, commented “You (Murray) have a good point about how the genetic evaluation results over our lifetimes have resulted in the fact that we have far superior cows for both conformation and production, but our herd’s current biggest genetic problem is cows not getting back in calf. We just do not now get to have very many ten year old and older cows in our herd, liked we used to.” That gave me the opportunity to talk to them about genomics and having fairly reliable information, early in an animal’s life, on its genetic merit for reproductive traits.

The husband’s concluding comment warmed my heart. “Our grandson plans to come home to our family farm and he tells us that at university his professors are saying the information we have today on genomics is just the start. So don’t give up on us old guys. You folks at The Bullvine just keep giving us the facts and helping the industry do an even better job of breeding dairy cattle. We don’t own a computer but our family keep us quite up-to-date on what The Bullvine is writing about.”  Obviously this couple are not as set in their ways as they led me to understand at the start of the conversation.

So if we have just scratched the surface, let’s delve a little deeper.

Epigenomics – What’s That?

By definition, epigenomics is the study of modification of the expression of the genetic material in a cell. Sounds rather out of the norm. Something can alter what the DNA says is the genetic merit of an animal? Let’s think that through a bit more.

As cattle breeders we can all think of times when three full sisters all had very similar performance. And I expect many of us can also remember situations where two of the sisters were very similar but the third sister just did not measure up to the other two.  The question that breeders always ask is did the third one not get the good genes, or did she get the good genes but something inhibited her from being able to express them.  I have even heard very knowledgeable breeders say that the third one will breed just a good as the other two.  How they arrived at that conclusion I am not really certain. But I have seen it happen as they predicted.

Research in mice has shown that the diet of a sire can influence the gene expression of their progeny. So that fits under the definition of epigenomics. Dr. Jacques Chesnais of Semex feels that “there is a definite possibility that epigenomics plays as important role in adaption to the environment. In particular, in our industry, the way we feed and treat a cow in the early stage of pregnancy could affect the calf for a lifetime and therefore affect the future productivity of the herd.” Hearing that made me wonder if the recipient dams of ET calves may have an influence on how those calves pass on their genetics.

Leaders in the study of epigenomics in livestock Dr Marc-Andre Sirard and Dr Claude Robert, Laval University, are currently  investigating how epigenomics applies to the bovine and in particular to female reproduction and embryo development. It will be interesting to follow their reports.

There is obviously much to be studied and learned about epigenomics in the bovine. Definitely traits like reproduction, health and immunity are ones that dairy breeders wish to know more about as they relates to inheritance.

So then – What is Nutrigenomics?

The second new kid-on-the-block, so to speak, is nutrigenomics. The study of the effects of foods and food constituents on gene expression. By definition “Nutrigenomics can be described as the influence of genetic variation on nutrition, by correlating gene expression or SNPs with a nutrient’s absorption, metabolism, elimination or biological effects.” Think about it. If we know the genetic make-up of our dairy cows we would be able to design their diets accordingly. Are there cows out there that can make better use of lower quality forages? Wouldn’t that be a boon for the economics of dairy farming. Especially given that feed costs are 52-58% of total dairy enterprise costs and low quality forages are less costly.

I asked two nutritional consultants about this. I got two very different responses. The first one said – “don’t bring that on too quickly I still have another ten to fifteen years in my working career”. The other consultant said “Well it would change my job but if it means dairy farming can be profitable and sustainable and if we can feed the hungry world – well bring it on”.

Expect Genetics to Play an Even Bigger Role in the Future

Investigation by Canadian Dairy Network (CDN) has predicted that, in stable milk pricing times and on milk production focused farms, half of the increased on-farm profits comes from increasing the genetic merit of sires and cows used to produce the next generation of females.  With a better understanding and more definitive knowledge of epigenomics and nutrigenomics it could possibly be that 60+% of on-farm profits could be as a result of the genetics used.

From the DNA analysis using hair follicles, breeders now know with 50-70% accuracy the genetic merit of their animals for a host of important traits. Think what might be possible if by including epigenomics and nutrigenomics information. The accuracy levels could rise to 70-80%.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The research phase of studying how epigenomics and nutrigenomics relate to the dairy cow is well underway. We can expect refinements to our genetic evaluation procedures based on what the research tells us.  And in time breeders will have information so they can better breed, feed and manage their herds. Stay tuned to the Bullvine for more great insight into these two future changing technologies.


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

Not sure what all this hype about genomics is all about?

Want to learn what it is and what it means to your breeding program?

Download this free guide.

 

 

 

One of the things that makes the dairy community great is the passion producers have for what they do.  One area that we have found that brings out the most passion is debating which breed is the best.  While there are many ways to look at it, the most logical way is to look at which breed is the most profitable.

Since we first joined this discussion back in May of 2012, (Read more: Holstein vs. Jersey: Which breed is more profitable) there have been many interesting points raised on both sides of this question.  So we here at the Bullvine decided to take a deeper look at this issue and see if we could get more insight into this much debated topic.

Now first let`s be clear.  This is a very lopsided debate because Holsteins are the primary breed on 92% of the farms in North America, and Jersey is only the primary breed on about 3.5%.  But man you have to love the passionately vocal nature of most Jersey breeders.

Feed Conversion

With feed accounting for between 52 and 58 percent of the total cost of production, any significant advantage for either breed is its ability to convert feed into milk solids, especially with the increased costs of feed these days.  While the superior overall production ability of a Holstein vs. a Jersey (Holstein 24,291 lbs of milk 888lbs Fat 3.66 % Fat 765 lbs Protein 3.15 % Protein vs. Jersey  16,997 lbs milk 776 lbs Fat 4.57% Fat 633 lbs Protein 3.73% Protein)  has  long been documented the true numbers lie in how well each breed converts their feed intake into milk and milk solids In a Dairy Science paper they looked at feed intake studies for 4 breed groups: Holstein, Holstein x Jersey, Jersey x Holstein and Jersey, where all cows were fed the same ration, were housed in the same type of pens and were milked together.  The results found that Holstein had the highest intake and the highest production yield.  However, Jersey converted a higher percentage of their intake to production than Holstein did.

Item

Holstein

HJ

JH

Jersey

Intake

9,813

9,309

9,487

7,969

Growth

669 (6.8%)

599 (6.4%)

496 (5.2%)

334 (4.2%)

Maintenance

2,666 (27.25)

2,468 (26.5%)

2,425 (25.6%)

2,085 (26.2)

Pregnancy

27 (0.3%)

32 (0.3%)

33 (0.3%)

21 (0.3%)

Production

5,968 (60.8%)

6,057 (65.1%)

6,162 (65.0%)

5,259 (66.0%)

The bottom line result of this research was that Jerseys were 6% better at converting intake into production.  That may not seem that significant until you factor in that feed costs are 52-58% of total costs.  That difference represents a 3.3% increase in profitability.  One thing is for sure, feed efficiency is certainly one area that we need to have more supporting research in order to develop genetic indices.

Milk Price

One of the key factors determining which breed is better depends on where you market your milk.  Certain pricing models favor fluid milk production while others favor component production.  Fluid markets certainly favor Holstein while component markets favor Jerseys.  Pennsylvania researchers used a farm level income and policy simulator (FLIPSIM) model to predict farm performance under fluid pricing or component pricing in Pennsylvania.  Under fluid pricing, a high producing (13,961 pounds) 60-cow Jersey herd could expect a net cash income of $32,300 versus $63,100 for a high producing (20,600 pounds) Holstein herd.  Under component pricing, the same Jersey herd would increase in net cash income to $55,400 versus $61,100 for the Holstein herd.  Under component pricing, a Jersey herd could expect an increase of about $23,000, while the Holstein herd would decline slightly.  Combine that with the increased feed efficiency of the Jersey’s mentioned above and, depending on the pricing model in your area, Jerseys would become a more profitable option.  Especially when you factor in the less volatile milk solids market as compared to fluid milk pricing.

Reproduction

For years Jerseys have enjoyed the reputation of being far superior to Holstein.  However, increased attention to this area by many producers may have changed or at least narrowed the gap.  This is certainly an area that many breeders are paying attention to, specifically the scores for Conception Rate (CR), Daughter Pregnancy Rate (DPR) and Calving Interval (CI).  The Days to First Breeding (DFB) declined for Holsteins from 92 d in 1996 to 85 d in 2007.  A similar trend was not observed for Jerseys, possibly because synchronized breeding is more common in Holstein herds than in Jersey herds.  As far as conception rates are concerned, Jerseys still have a slight edge over Holsteins.  But that trend is also changing.  As Holsteins have gone from 2.5 NB (Number of Breedings per lactation) in 1996 to 2.6 in 2007, while Jersey’s have gone from 2.2 in 1996 to 2.4 in 2007.

Now one area that I often hear comments from producers about is the value of the resulting calves.  Specifically that drop bull calves that will be sold for beef.  One of the great strategies I have seen employed by many Jersey and even top Holstein herds is to breed the bottom 10% of their herd to a beef sire.  As they know they will not be needing the resulting females or males from these animals the value of using a beef sire, typically more than compensates for the Holstein versus Jersey drop calf price.  Another management or reproduction tool that many producers are using is sexed semen which allows them to greatly decrease the number of female calves needed for replacements.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Holstein and Jersey cows both have their advantages and disadvantages.  Holsteins are larger and have higher salvage value than Jerseys.  Jerseys tend to be more efficient and typically have fewer reproductive challenges. Each have an advantage under milk pricing that favors their particular productive strengths.  The first area you need to look at for what breed is better for you, is the milk pricing model in your area.  If it is a fluid market, then typically Holstein would be more advantageous. If the price model favors component pricing, then you would typically be better off milking Jerseys.  After looking at the price model, you certainly need to adjust your management to maximize the reproduction and feed efficiency for the breed you have chosen.  Even your housing set up could be better suited for one breed over the other.  While I am sure the Jersey versus Holstein debate will go on for years to come, there are certain new trends that may be contrary to previous beliefs and new feed efficiency information that are opening many producers’ eyes.

 

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The Genomic Bubble Has Burst?

Friday, January 10th, 2014

Well that is what some would have you believe.  They cite the decreased prices at the top sales, and that genomic young sires are no longer much higher on the list then their proven counterparts.  (Read more: An Insider’s Guide to What Sells at the Big Dairy Cattle Auctions 2013) The truth is that, instead of just citing observations, true breeders are looking at the facts.  For them, the facts show that Genomics is here to stay.

Almost daily I read warnings in other “leading” dairy publications against the use of genomic sires.  This panders to the old school mentality that fosters breeder concern about using Genomics.  Instead of basing their comments on facts, they use hearsay, conjecture and outright fear mongering to defend their comments.

Here at the Bullvine we have always worked to let the facts guide what we write.  That is probably the biggest reason that we have been proponents of Genomics from the start.  There are several key points that we think many breeders and our fellow media are missing.  Let’s summarize them here to help put an end to nonsensical comments.

  1. Genomics is a Tool
    It drives me nuts on a daily basis the number of breeders who refer to Genomics as a selection tool.  Genomics increases the reliability of individual traits and indexes.  That’s it.  The term “Genomics” is miss-used by many when they should be referring to “High Index” sires, meaning list toppers on the gTPI, gLPI and other lists.  This may seem like a minor thing.  I am even guilty of it myself from time to time.  However, it’s really a huge error when you look at it from a breeder viewpoint.  Over the past week, I looked at more than 100 comments about Genomics from naysayers.  Every single one of them would have been more accurate if they had used the term “High Index” rather than Genomics.  Most of the reservations against Genomics have more to do with the use high index sires.  The debate between selecting for “High Index” or “Proven” pedigrees will go on for years to come.  The thing that many miss is that Genomics is a tool that can help both strategies.  Since Genomics helps increase the accuracy of the indexes in both strategies, it will help both strategies excel into the future.
  2. The Numbers Don’t Lie
    It’s always easy to state a case-by-case example and find a few cases that help prove any point.  It takes a look at the full spectrum to truly get an accurate assessment on how any program or tool is working.  The facts are pretty clear that Genomics increases young sire’s reliability by 30% and 1st crop proven sires by 5%.  In effect that says that a young sire with a 50K genomic test and a proven sire will now have reliability comparable to an early 1st crop proven sire pre-genomics.  This would indicate that if you were willing to trust a 1st crop proof prior to the introduction of Genomics, you should now be willing to trust a genomic young sire with a proven sire as their reliabilities are very comparable.  Furthermore, the genetics marketing is also supporting this.  Genomic young sires are set to outsell proven sires as most breeders are confident in the numbers and are making sound breeding decisions based on them.  As we mentioned in our article Genomics – Lies, Miss-Truths and False Publications, genomically evaluated bulls with 65% reliable gLPIs, breeders can expect 95% of the time that their official proof will be within 670 LPI points (within about 18-20%) (Please note that with change in Canadian LPI formula this number is more like 400 LPI points).  This means  that we can be 95% sure that the current top gLPI sire, SILVERRIDGE V EXTREME (gLPI of +3544), will be higher than +3000 LPI, once he has his official progeny proven index that is over 90% reliable and that would make him the top  3 active proven sire in Canada.  In the US sires like ZAHBULLS ALTA1STCLASS (gTPI of +2598) will end up over +2200 gTPI placing him in the top 10.  (Editor’s note: Prior to the regression to bring high genomic young sires closer to proven sires, sires like Extreme and Alta1stclass would have actually been higher than the current top proven sire).  Yes genomic young sires do on average drop below their original predicted values, but, they are on average still higher than the proven sires of that time.
  3. Falling Numbers are not an Indicator of System Failure
    Whether it’s young sires indexes dropping or semen prices going down, neither of these two events accurately  predict the status  of Genomics.  You see Genomics is new to the industry and, with anything that is new, there is a period of figuring out how the “new world” will work.  During that period aggressive breeders and semen companies have sought to maximize revenues for themselves and the breeders they represent.  This has meant testing the market to see just what is the maximum revenue price for each animal or dose of semen.  Simple economics teaches us that we need to test that point that maximizes revenue, that is either sell at a high prices and reduced quantity or sell at a medium price at increased quantity.  Both are sound strategies. At times due to exclusivity and extreme unique genetics, young sire semen has sold for $10,000 a dose and, with the removal of the exclusivity and other sires coming out after the fact, that semen is now available at a greatly reduced price.  (Read more: $10,000 a dose Polled Semen).  The breeder who purchased this semen, Ri-Val-Re Holsteins from Michigan, actually made out very well with his investment as he had a clear plan with the use of IVF to maximize his return.  (Read more:  Breeding R-Val-Re: Where looking good in the stall is just as important as looking good on paper) It has also led to other attempts and premium pricing or pricing models.  This is not a failure of the system.  This is progressive individuals trying to discover how the new system is going to work.  Does it always return maximum profits?….No.  But does it help those individuals understand the new market and how they can operate to maximize efficiency in the future?  ….Yes.  Just because you are not able to justify these prices for your breeding program goals, does not mean that it will not work for others.  The big thing is for you to understand your genetic plan and goals and make sure you are constantly evaluating and improving them.  (Read more: What’s the plan?). It is interesting to note that since the introduction of Genomics the rate of genetic advancement has more than doubled.  Coincidence?  I don’t think so.  Since more breeders can make more sound decisions, the industry as a whole is benefiting.

rate of genetic gain young sire

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Genomics will not make every breeder an instant Master Breeder.  Nor does it profess to.  What it will do is help each breeder make sound breeding decisions based on the most accurate information available.  There is still the need to have a breeding strategy the works for your specific management and financial goals.  You cannot simply use the entire list topping sires and expect to end up with the greatest herd in the world.  You need to take the time to choose the sires that work best for each specific mating and understand the issues of each cow or sire daughter group (i.e. inbreeding, strengths and weaknesses).  That is exactly what great breeders of the past did.  .  They took the time to assess their animals and planned how to end up with the best progeny possible.  That, and not Genomics, is what will lead to the greatest genetic advancement.  Genomics is simply a tool that enables breeders to make improvement happen faster!


The Dairy Breeders No BS Guide to Genomics

 

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“Everyone knows when it’s time to come in from the cold!”  That’s what I would have said until this past week when I heard that a neighbour had suffered frostbite while skiing in temperatures below -29 degrees Celsius or -20.2 Fahrenheit. The exceptionally low temperatures have proven to be a challenge.  At Huntsdale, we were six days and five nights without electricity after an ice storm tore through Ontario the week before Christmas. Thanks to the generator our small operation was able to cope, although we had to make dramatic adjustments to keep warm and some Christmas celebrations were put on hold.  As recently as this morning, we were carefully monitoring barn pipes as Round Two of this un-commonly cold winter tried to deliver another knock-out punch.

SHELTER IS THE #1 PRIORITY

Although our human situation never reached the critical stage, it did emphasize for us that managing shelter is the number one priority when cold strikes. This is especially true for cattle. With our thoughts focused on the cattle in our plus seventy-five year old barn, I rapidly found myself reviewing a checklist to make sure we were providing the best housing management for our animals.  Here is what I found.

  1. Both outside hutches and barn stables must have steady air exchange and provide protection from wind and drafts.
  2. Prolonged exposure to air contamination can be a dangerous side effect of battening down the hatches during a storm. Now the usual dust, manure, pathogens and gases such as ammonia can build up and have a negative effect on the respiration.
  3. For calves less than a month old, calf blankets are absolutely necessary at these extreme temperatures as an added protection from drafts.
  4. Because wetness exacerbates the effect of the cold, bedding must be clean and dry to reduce heat loss. Increased humidity and the resulting wet hair also decrease animal’s ability to maintain a healthy body temperature.
  5. Be constantly aware of wind chill.  Try to keep animals that are outdoors protected from exposure to strong winds, either through natural topography such as a valley or tree windbreak or by building either permanent or portable wind fences.
  6. If you do not have time to build windbreaks, it is possible to achieve an improved protective effect by using stacked bales, snow piles or even parked farm equipment.
  7. As we discovered, it is never too soon to make sure that you have the required fuel to generate emergency backup equipment.  Christmas Eve is a difficult time to count on the goodwill of your diesel fuel supplier. (Not mentioning any names but we are blessed by great service suppliers!)

PRIORITY #2 — IT TAKES ENERGY (aka FOOD) TO KEEP WARM

Personal experience proves that being cold is energy draining.  The fewer calories we have to burn the more we feel the effects of cold.  From chills to shivering to poor nervous responses, we start into an endless cycle of decline. People prefer warm comfort food when challenged by weather conditions and the same is true for cattle.  Documented research confirms that calf growth can be negatively affected when young animals receive inadequate nutrition during cold snaps. As temperatures decrease there is a corresponding increase in diet requirements simply to maintain a calf`s needs for basic health and growth. Here are six relatively easy ways to increase caloric energy for calves are:

  1. More frequent feedings (3x) will benefit calves up to a month of age.
  2. Increased starter gives energy to generate body warmth.  Calves need assistance to eat grain.
  3. Higher milk or milk replacer amounts will be needed.
  4. Increased fat intakes are needed by animals whose systems must fight falling temperatures.
  5. Warming the milk replacer or whole milk to 105 degrees means that the calf doesn`t have to expend energy to bring the milk up to body temperature after ingestion.
  6. Offering warm drinking water two to three times a day encourages feed consumption and further assists in counteracting the effects of cold stress.

COWS NEED ENERGY REGULATION TOO!

When cows’ ability to regulate their body temperature is challenged by extreme cold, it affects both milk production and rate of growth. Severe cases could result in illness or even death. Here are five tips to help your hard working animals meet the challenges of extreme cold.

  1. As with calves, warm water to drink can assist by not forcing the cow`s body to bring it up to her normal body temperature. Keep in mind that snow is not an alternative to water.  This also means that caretakers have the added challenge of keeping water thawed. A lactating cow needs to drink at least 15 gallons of water a day and a heifer needs at least 5 gallons.
  2. Provide extra access to feed. If animals eat more often, they will have the calories to meet the higher energy requirements needed for keeping warm.
  3. Feeding mid afternoon could help by putting the cow in a ruminating stage – where she is thus generating heat— during those evening hours, when temperatures are most likely dropping.
  4. Keep cows from fighting the cold unnecessarily. Provide clean dry bedding.  Whether it’s straw, hay, woodchips, shavings or sand, a good depth of dry material provides protection against cold weather and weather related injuries, such as frostbitten teats, cold extremities
  5. High producing cows need a dense diet when challenged by the weather.  Less filler and more high quality forage and grains will keep the milk pail full.

IT’S UP TO YOU

While the previous points can be effective in overcoming the downside of extreme weather, there are two more that cannot be ignored in our top 20 list of responses to extreme weather.

  1. Take care of your own weather needs. Dress warmly.  Eat well.  If your immune system fails, you will not be available to guard the well-being of your herd.
  2. Be safe.  Extreme weather can provide those one-of-a-kind situations that quickly become dangerous.  Southern Ontario will take a long time to clean up from the masses of fallen trees and limbs and phone and electrical wires that are strewn up and down road sides and around most houses, sheds and barns. Although we want to get back to normal as quickly as possible, speed kills when recklessly applied while operating chainsaws, large removal equipment and as one volunteer put it, “you have to be sure that you’re not about to meet up with ‘live’ wires!”  

THE BULLVINE BOTTOM LINE

The day will come when we look back on the winter of 2014 and remember that wind chills neared -60 degrees Fahrenheit in Chicago and temperatures in some parts of Canada “colder than Mars”. It’s only January and it’s not yet time to become nostalgic about this winter’s challenges. We must continue to mount a focused response.  Know your cows.  Know the effects of wind chill, ice, snow and power outages.  It will take cow sense and common sense to survive the UN-common cold of 2014!

 

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Arethusa: A Winning Focus

Wednesday, January 8th, 2014

As we enjoy the NHL, football bowl championship and World Junior hockey season, it isn’t any surprise that these trained athletes can put a puck in the net or through the uprights far more often than the rest of us. For one thing, from the earliest hockey drills hand-eye coordination has been a big part of their training to score goals. Dairy breeders must likewise keep their focus on the goal. Arethusa Farm Dairy has achieved notable successes in the showring and in milk production by tightly fixing their vision on what is most important to their enterprise in Litchfield, Connecticut.  Matt Senecal, Farm Manager began his employment as an intern six years ago and knows what they are aiming for. “Currently we are breeding for high type and show ring appeal but cannot lose sight of our obligation to provide milk to the processing plant.” To achieve this three-pronged success, quality must be the single over-riding focus at Arethusa.

Anthony Yurgaitis, left, and George Malkemus, both Manolo Blahnik. owners of Arethusa Farm Dairy (Photo by Christopher Capozziello for The New York Times)

The Focus on Quality is Shared by Owners and Employees

Arethusa Farm houses close to 350 head of Holsteins, Jerseys and Brown Swiss and is owned by George Malkemus and Anthony Yurgaitis. Two successful business executives who took the world by storm when their shoes, Manolo Blahniks were catapulted into the urban consciousness through the television show “Sex and the City”. Who got the passion for cows when they originally purchased the farm opposite their home to protect their view from developers.  (Read more: The Dairy Built on Stiletto Heels) Just like their signature stiletto heels, the focus is always on top quality in all that they do.  After successes at the 2004 World Dairy Expo, Arethusa began milking 80+ cattle out of a brand new state-of-the-art facility located just north of the original farm. Today 100% of this milk is being shipped to their processing facility, located just a few miles away in the borough of Bantam.  George and Tony set high standards and the demands for excellence are even higher. This attitude also filters down to each employee and instills a work ethic like no other.” Quality cattle need quality care and Matt feels strongly about the great work done by the Arethusa staff. “Heather Lord works with the milking herd along with Joe Knapp, Shelby Crawford and Chris Cole.  Heather recently joined the team and does a great job overseeing the main milking facility and making sure we are providing the plant with exactly what it needs for production.” Excellence is the priority at all times.

Arethusa Farm Crew Shot

The Team at Arethusa Farm Dairy

“We Strive for Excellence 365 Days a Year”

You know a strategy works when results are achieved. In 2004 at World Dairy Expo Arethusa owned both the Supreme Champion Cow (Hillcroft Leader Melanie – Holstein) and Reserve Supreme Champion (Huronia Centurion Veronica – Jersey). Matt lists other successes. “We have been awarded numerous breeder and exhibitor banners at national shows, and have bred both Holstein and Jersey futurity winners at the World Dairy Expo.” This started with clearly defining the Arethusa goal. “We need our cattle to be true functional dairy cows so that we can then develop them into great show cows.”  You can’t have one without the other.

Veronica Laying in Field

Huronia Centurion Veronica 20J EX-97-USA
Supreme Champion – World Dairy Expo 2006
Grand Champion World Dairy Expo 2004, 2005, 2006

New Benchmarks.  Continued Success.

More recently Arethusa Farm Dairy entered products for the first time ever into the American Cheese Society competition held this year in Madison, Wisconsin. They were awarded second place for their Camembert in the Farmstead Cheeses-Soft-All Milks; Aged up to 60 Days-Over 50% Moisture Category. In the Cultured Milk Products made from cow’s milk category they received 3rd place for their sour cream.

Camembert

Arethusa Farm Dairy were awarded second place at the recent American Cheese Society competition held this year in Madison, Wisconsin for their Camembert in the Farmstead Cheeses-Soft-All Milks; Aged up to 60 Days-Over 50% Moisture Category.

One-on-One Attention

The milking equipment was recently updated and Arethusa Farm milks almost 20 cows out of the original tie stall barn that also features a five bay pack barn.  Any cattle that are potential show prospects are housed there as well.  Arethusa Farm Manager Matt Senecal expands on this aspect of their strategy. “This allows us to work much closer in a one-on-one environment individualizing for each cow’s needs.”  Dan Ceresna and Katie Deslippe are a key part of the success and work mostly with the show cows. Rod Rankin is the Herdsman and has been with Arethusa for almost four years now.  Rod has tremendous ability and spends a great deal of time fine tuning the show cow program.  He also oversees all other areas and communicates extremely close with all employees.

Picturesque show barn facilities at Arethusa Farm Dairy

Picturesque show barn facilities at Arethusa Farm Dairy

Communication is crucial.

Producing quality products requires focus on even the smallest details. Matt explains. “There are protocols in place to keep a constant check on the quality of the milk being produced. We then meet with the products’ manager to make sure we are supplying him with a superior raw product for him to then create into outstanding Arethusa Farm fresh products.   We do not have room for errors. It does not work for us to lose a tank of milk.  If we don’t have milk to ship, the dairy plant is not able to make products to distribute to the numerous stores and consumers. Our brand is marketed as a single source herd…all products are produced only from milk here at Arethusa Farm.  This is a huge selling point to our customers.  They are able to visit the farm and see just how we take care of the cattle and facilities.  When they walk into the barn and see this environment they are sold right away.”

Heifer facilities at Arethusa Farm Dairy

Heifer facilities at Arethusa Farm Dairy

The Arethusa Team

To achieve the level of quality they are targeting requires that the entire team achieves excellence in their assigned areas.  Matt recognizes the importance of teamwork at Arethusa. “We greatly appreciate the passion each individual has for what he or she does.” He goes on to outline specific contributions. “Tom Breakell acts as the General Manager.  His time is split between the farm, dairy, and many other projects that may be going on.” Regardless of the responsibility everyone targets quality. “Linda Rankin and Kazmeira Nero work closely together to raise calves in a meticulous calf program. Taylar Sherman is responsible for the heifer program. The focus is on quality for all animals including 40+ recipients that are used in our extensive ET and IVF program.”

Arethusa show team at the recent Royal Winter Fair.

Arethusa show team at the recent Royal Winter Fair.

The Team Pulls Together Wherever They Are Needed

It is always nice to have a trophy room and to have your name in the record books for achieving results in dairy production.  Behind the scenes it takes a lot of people who can step up as needed explains Matt. “Dana Chase and Bryan Colbert fill many different positions whether they are needed at the calf barn, heifer barn or cow barn.  Bill Pulver spends his time at the farm when things are much quieter.  He has been with us for almost two year now working the night shift making sure everyone is safe and sound.  Bud Dore and Jeff Jarl are important to the farm, and they will do anything you ask. Bud is currently the longest running employee to date. Jeff runs a top notch chicken house and will paint anything and everything that may need painting.” Arethusa recognizes that there is a role for mentoring dairy industry personnel and they actively support that outreach. “Sammi Wilson is currently working with us for a year through a program called AgriVentures.  She is here from the UK to learn about the many different aspects of dairy farming.  We have designed a program for her to become familiar with all areas of Arethusa Farm.” Regardless of the individual tasks, Matt emphasizes how important the whole team is. “EVERYONE is important to the farm.  Without one of these people, Arethusa would not operate as smoothly or be as productive as it currently is.”

Arethusa Response Vivid EX 93 World Dairy Expo Reserve Supreme Champion Royal Winter Fair: 1st 4-yr old; Sr. Champion; Grand Champion ABA Unanimous All-American 4-yr old Member ABA All-American Sr. Best 3 Females Member ABA All-American Produce of Dam All-Canadian; Champion All-Canadian Cow

Arethusa Response Vivid EX 93
World Dairy Expo Reserve Supreme Champion 2011
Royal Winter Fair: 1st 4-yr old 2011
Sr. Champion; Grand Champion 2011
ABA Unanimous All-American 4-yr old 2011
Member ABA All-American Sr. Best 3 Females 2011
Member ABA All-American Produce of Dam 2011
All-Canadian; Champion All-Canadian Cow 2011

Arethusa and Quality Cows

Matt looks back on Arethusa’s cow story. “Arethusa has been extremely fortunate to have worked with and bred many great show cows since its inception. Of course, Huronia Centurion Veronica 20J takes the ribbon for a cow that has proven that she can show, put sons into stud, and breed the kind of cows that win (Read more: The 12 Greatest North American Colored Breed Show Cattle of All-Time). She is a remarkable cow with a personality like no other. Her daughter Arethusa Response Vivid went on to prove Veronica is not just a show cow but a brood cow, too.  With all of her mother’s personality and more, Vivid gained lots of attention when she was crowned 3x Grand Champion in 2012 and Reserve Supreme Champion at the World Dairy Expo.” At Arethusa they are currently working with Crovalley Knowledge Akika VG 89, Roquet Jasmine Sanchez EX 91 and Ernest-Anthony Allure EX 92. All three have been nominated for All Canadian and /or All American in 2013.  It isn’t surprising that Arethusa’s focus on excellence would earn them success in the Jersey show ring as well.

Roquet Jasmine Sanchez was Grand Champion at Expo Quebec where she was the only cow to defeat the great RF Goldwyn Hailey in over a year.

Page-Crest Excitation Karlie was purchased by Arethusa for a world record $170,000 at last springs The Franchise Kind Sale.

Arethusa and Karlie, “The True Type Jersey Cow!”

One of the interesting parts of the dairy breeding industry is learning how owners, breeders and great cows came together to build success. Matt enthusiastically recalls. “Karlie came to our attention first in 2012 when she was named Reserve Intermediate Champion at the World Dairy Expo. A month later at the Royal Winter Fair, Page-Crest Excitation Karlie went on to become the Reserve Grand Champion.  Upon return from the shows, George and Tony had expressed interest in purchasing another great young jersey cow.  As winter went on and many changes took place here at Arethusa, spring sale time quickly approached.  Ads began to run and people began to talk about the Franchise Kind Sale, a sale that is known for quality and show ring success. I had seen Karlie was being offered as Lot 1.  Not only were the owners going to offer Karlie for sale, but also a package of IVF pregnancies too.  The chance presented itself to purchase not only a young show ring star but the potential for nine immediate heifer calves to begin to develop in the herd. After much discussion George and Tony expressed their interest in the purchase of Karlie.  The stress built in the days to come, and when the gavel dropped, it was announced Karlie would be heading to Arethusa Farm in Litchfield, Connecticut. At that instant we knew the pressure was on.  It was now in our hands to bring Karlie back to the ring just the way she left.” (Read more: Jersey cow sold in Syracuse for a record $170,000) And the rest, as they say, is history. Matt happily reports. “It was said at different times this fall during the judge’s reasons… ‘This is the true type Jersey cow!’ She is complete, she is balanced and when she is ready to work… she just gives you chills. Karlie has gained many fans this year not only in the Jersey breed, but from those that love great show cows. She has been a pleasure to work with as she too just loves every part of the competition.” (Read more: ARETHUSA FARMS TRIUMPHS IN THE 2013 INTERNATIONAL JERSEY SHOW and Royal Winter Fair Jersey Show 2013 Results)

Page-Crest Excitation Karlie, owned by Arethusa Farm of Litchfield, Conn., was awarded Grand Champion honors at the 2013 International Jersey Show at World Dairy Expo

Page-Crest Excitation Karlie was also named Senior and Grand and Supreme Champion at the 2013 Royal Winter Fair

Arethusa Attracts Attention

Whether it’s sports or dairy breeding, when you achieve exceptional results, you will achieve exceptional attention.  Arethusa Gold Valencia became the first home bred EX95 Holstein this year gracing the cover of the Holstein World Ring Side edition at World Dairy Expo. Matt lists other attention getting opportunities. “Arethusa has also been featured in The New York times, The Wall Street Journal, on the CBS Early Show, and many other well-known publications.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

Wayne Gretzky says it best. “You miss 100% of the shots you don’t take!” And every aspiring baseball player has been told. “If you want to hit a home run, don’t take your eye off the ball!”

While hockey and baseball analogies are perhaps overused, the lessons they provide are useful.  When it comes to focus, Arethusa farm isn’t playing games but they are winning.  The reason? They are maintaining laser like focus and advise others to do the same. “Make a plan that is practical for your goals.  It takes a lot of hard work, dedication, and passion. Focus on what you love, and be confident in the choices you make.” At Arethusa this focus is a winning strategy!

 

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Polled Dairy Genetics: The Cold Hard Facts

Tuesday, January 7th, 2014

Polled dairy cattle have been on the scene for a considerable length of time. (Read more: From the Sidelines to the Headlines, Polled is Going Mainline!, Why Is Everyone So Horny For Polled? And Polled Genetics: Way of the Future or Passing Fad?) Until recently however polled has not been a mainline topic for breeders. That statement is not meant as a slight to dedicated pioneering polled breeders. It is simply a fact.  Let’s consider “the cold hard facts” as they exist today.

Why are There So Few Numbers?

The fact is that polled has not come to the front page for Holstein and Jersey organizations. As recently as 2012 we could not find published percentages of registrations that there were for polled animals. Perhaps in a couple of months, when the 2013 statistics are published, we may get some stats on polled.

What is Getting Tracked?

We do know that Red and White animals represent about 5% of the Holsteins in North America. However the current thinking appears to be that polled should be even more of a consideration than coat color (Read more: Is Polled the New Red). In case you are wondering, here are some other 2012 facts about Canadian dairy cattle as published by CDN: 5% are from ET; 90.6 % are from A.I. sires; 94.3% are Holsteins; and 3.5% of Holsteins registered were genomically tested. In addition to those stats it would be very interesting to break down polled registrations in the same way.

Where in the World are Polled Animals?

Going beyond North America we found that 50% of Norwegian Red (NRF) calves born in Norway are polled. Nowhere else appears to match that prevalence. Yet there is a naturally 100% polled breed in the UK called Red Polled Cattle. It is a dual milk and meat breed but it is not popular in large intensively managed dairy herds. As well some Jersey breeders are advertising that they are developing polled herds. Two such herds are Dutch Hollow in New York State and Ardachie Polled Jerseys in New Zealand.  Of course Holstein breeders will be familiar with the famous polled cow, Golden-Oaks Perk Rae-Red-ET PO EX90 (Read more: GOLDEN-OAKS PERK RAE – 2012 Golden Dam Finalist), a finalist in the The Bullvine’s Golden Dam Competition. She traces back to the Queen of the Breed, Glenridge Citation Roxy EX97.

Is Polled Genetically Competitive?

For decades polled in Holsteins has remained very much on the back burner for breeders because, in general, polled animals were well below average for their total genetic merit and were selected mainly for the presence of the polled gene. A study of the top ten (gLPI) polled males and females born in North America, 2009 to 2013, paints a revised picture for the progress being made by polled animals.

 Table 1 Average PA gLPI for Top Ten North American Holsteins Born 2009 to 2013

NameLPIMilkFatProt%F%PConf
MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET3837223791890.060.1415
GENERVATIONS LIQUID GOLD36071655105870.430.2914
MR CHARTROI ELOQUENT-ET35071885110910.40.2713
MR LOOKOUT P EMBARGO-ET34671827101710.320.1116
DE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET34471954101740.280.0814
SEAGULL-BAY SUPERSIRE-ET34462613116890.190.0410
SEAGULL-BAY PLATINUM-ETS33882560101940.070.1111
SEAGULL-BAY DIAMOND-ETS33882560101940.070.1111
STANTONS BOOKKEEPER3361202176830.030.1714
FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHMONEY-ET3356163295680.340.1413
TEXEL BEAUTY COSMO-ET3353138497690.450.2114
ROYLANE BOOKEM BOB 5170-ET3351202296940.220.2710
SEAGULL-BAY SARGEANT-ET3343245893870.010.0610
RMW ANCHOR-ET33291826108590.39-0.0115
SULLY MCCORD 269-ET33271958106730.330.112
SEAGULL-BAY SHAW-ET332628919795-0.11010
MR LOOKOUT PSC ALTADRUM-ET3319167396800.320.2210
DIRT-ROAD MANOMAN CARREW-ET33161600102920.410.368
HOOD M-O-M EMMETT-ET3306173092800.260.2111
GENERVATIONS FUZION3305166793830.30.2510
FARNEAR-TBR-BH CASHCOIN-ET33051899104720.340.0912
LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET3299200494790.190.115
END-ROAD PEOTI BERRY3298165595830.320.2612
MISTY SPRINGS NUMBER ONE32981396107710.540.2314
OCD O-STYLE SALVATORE-ET3293296210395-0.05-0.0210
GENERVATIONS LEXOR3286172691870.260.2712
DE-SU RB MONTREAL 11043-ET32851882102800.330.1913
TRIONE NIAGRA VIGOR-ET32803211106113-0.150.065
BOLDI V LIGHTSNOW32732506114920.220.1211
SULLY MORDEN 270-ET32641819108720.40.1310
BUTZ-BUTLER SHOTGLASS-ET326226979384-0.07-0.0310
VELTHUIS LET IT SNOW325825468996-0.050.1316
DE-SU RB MOONRAY 11038-ET32572202124860.430.157
TEEMAR OBSERVER ADAM-ET325124238980-0.010.0114
S-S-I PEOTI MANSUR-ET3239154891760.320.2310
COOKIECUTTER HEFTY-ET3237191788840.150.1814
S-S-I PEOTI MOWGLI-ET3235143690750.340.2510
OMANOMAN32142426110880.180.0711
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GENERVATIONS LOYAL2845157076750.170.2110
GEPAQUETTE REBUCK2845161499580.40.059
WILTOR SMOKIN JOE ET2844210088740.10.0610
ROSYLANE-LLC ALTABARNEY2843199886800.110.155
PINE-TREE ALTAOAK-ET2843210389770.110.098
SANDY-VALLEY MR MIAMI-ET2843182780730.140.1312
S-S-I AVERY OZARK-ET2843189173710.010.0713
FUREUR ISY28431786106700.370.18
MR MAN-O-MAN BABY FACE-ET284387188590.530.2612
MR LOOKOUT P BONA FIDE-ET284222507278-0.140.0214
T&L-HAVEN MNOMN TRAIN2842127862680.130.2312
TAYCAS BEACON VALOR-ET2841179487630.20.0513
DE-SU 1334 WAMPLER-ET2840198885850.10.198

* Males must be A.I. coded /sampled
** Part years only (Males 4 months / Females 9 months)
*** Information sourced from CDN files
**** All LPI values are reproted using the 2013 base

The total merit of top polled Holsteins has made significant progress in recent years. In 2009 the top ten polled animals were, on average, 700 – 800 LPI points behind their horned counter parts. However just four years later, in 2013, the difference was only 400 – 450 LPI points. Top polled animals increased by 175 to 200 LPI points year over year while top horned animals were increasing by 110 LPI points. In percentage terms top polled outdid top horned by 60% – 80%. It should be noted that these gains were made by breeders using genomic indexes and selecting very elite animals as the parents to produce polled progeny. Great results!

Top Polled or Horned –What’s the Difference?

The following table compares values for top polled and top horned animals for gLPI and its components (Production, Durability and Health & Fertility).

Table 2 Genetic Merit Comparison of Top Ten Genomically Test Holsteins Born in 2012 & 2013
NameLPIMilkFatProt%F%PConf
STANTONS ELABORATE235172559290.320.0521
GEN-I-BEQ AFTERBLOSS137554399-0.12-0.0920
VAL-BISSON DOORMAN3057136169620.190.1719
VELTHUIS SG ATHENS2527135553420.03-0.0319
LADYS-MANOR SAVIOR-ET211657055190.340.0119
LISMORE CLARK CABLE-ET181414836120.30.0819
REGANCREST-GV S BRADNICK-ET15621135728-0.32-0.0719
BROEKS PLANNER2740172165600.010.0318
FROSTY-ROCK CASCADE-ET255893263410.280.118
MARS YORICK2474101480370.410.0418
FARNEAR-BH BROCADE BROCK-ET236349960280.40.1218
GILLETTE JESSIC230875864330.350.0718
REGANCREST-GV ALTABEAUT-ET219715154034-0.16-0.1418
GIBBS-I CLAYNOOK DUDE218987052340.20.0518
LARCREST CHEMISTRY-ET210556160210.380.0318
SCIENTIFIC DARYL-ET205454242280.20.0918
MR ATWOOD BROKAW-ET186655638300.170.1118
MR ATWOOD BASEBALL-ET168914735200.290.1418
SICY LANCE DUPLEX14074814170.130.1518
BUTZ-BUTLER ATWOOD BRADY-ET13787542310-0.07-0.1518
SCIENTIFIC B DEFIANT-ET117910721821-0.21-0.1418
GENERVATIONS BRILLION1147756-1214-0.37-0.118
JK EDER-I CONTROL288219336070-0.110.0817
SULLY HART MERIDIAN-ET278922255369-0.27-0.0317
SUMMERLIZ MAN O MAN LAURICK2754171172670.060.0817
VELTHUIS SG EVASION2667119470540.250.1417
VELTHUIS SG EASTON2667119470540.250.1417
SULLY HARTFORD CLRK MINX-ET2541162765520.06-0.0117
VELTHUIS BUILDER252920666467-0.13-0.0117
BO-IRISH-RN LAUTH BRACHA-ET250718335844-0.09-0.1517
SERENITYHILL FIREWORKS246481365400.340.1217
CANYON-BREEZE AT AIRLIFT-ET2378161668400.07-0.1317
RICKLAND ALTACEO-ET2376120861440.160.0517
GEN-I-BEQ SAMMY228980969330.380.0617
ROLINDA-GKM ADD-ET215292435290-0.0217
PJP FIRST213914674043-0.14-0.0417
HOOD CARWASH-ET209311523849-0.020.1217
CANYON-BREEZE AT ACTION-ET2066103559260.21-0.0817
SONNEK DOMAIN CHUCKIE-ET201412633243-0.150.0217
MR FARNEAR BROCADES BUZZ-ET1873106643290.03-0.0517
MR ANDIS ALTAEXTREME183870332190.06-0.0517
FARNEAR BRISK-ET18059632629-0.09-0.0217
RUGG-DOC CARMICHAEL-ET172437226220.130.1117
BUTZ-BUTLER BENJI-ET170569527190-0.0417
REGANCREST S BRIGHTZONE-ET14897431327-0.120.0417
MR BRASILIAS BIGTIME-ET148793547190.11-0.1117
MR ATWOOD BRADLEY-ET147556328190.070.0117
GEN-I-BEQ BUCKET14658542420-0.08-0.0717
WINTERLANCE SPEAR-ET143943723140.06017
MOX ATLAS-ET14053951121-0.030.0817
MORSAN MR BIG14031353530.3-0.0117
TWIN-CRIK SIEMER ANGULAR-ET137733029160.170.0617
MR AFTERSHOCK DECLAN137426822100.110.0217
RI-VAL-RE ATWOOD MADISON-ET1306-2631650.240.1317
MR LOOKOUT P EMBARGO-ET34671827101710.320.1116
VELTHUIS LET IT SNOW325825468996-0.050.1316
DE-SU BKM MCCUTCHEN 1174-ET3184186981720.130.1116
LYNNCREST DORCY ZUMBA-ET3049197292610.18-0.0316
RMW DORCY AMBROSE-ET2969170673510.08-0.0316
HARRY MR-ET2961147679600.240.1116
COYNE-MCGARR OBSRVER BEN-ET2932162885600.230.0616
TRIFECTA OBSERV SOPRANO-ET2903137567610.150.1616
JEANNIESTAR STARMAN286323737684-0.110.0516
MARKWELL SNOWMAN CAESAR-ET2820158977600.180.0916
LEADERWIN MARK-ET2746166285520.22-0.0116
OAKFIELD EXPLODE A-TEAM-ET271919924762-0.27-0.0316
DONNANDALE LUMI2718146771550.170.0616
MR CHASSITY OBS CICERO-ET2717213683580.05-0.116
BUTZ-BUTLER WILDWILLIE-ET2618117768480.240.0916
VELTHUIS SGC LAUBET2579163167530.06016
HENDEL MANDATORY-ET2525168964500.02-0.0516
KOEPON ALTACLOONEY2501157671530.120.0116
MORSAN MR METAL245699849450.110.0916
STANTONS SERENE2431139771480.20.0216
ROYAL-VISTA ELGIN-ET2427111657430.150.0716
RMW ABILITY-ET2403129862480.140.0516
BOULET EXPLODE JAVA238413904543-0.06-0.0116
LARCREST CHARACTER-ET235835694280.80.1516
FARNEAR BROCADES BADBOY-ET235013834649-0.050.0416
MORNINGVIEW DILLINGER-ET2328154665450.08-0.0416
GIESSEN NEW YORK230119315060-0.19-0.0316
FARNEAR BROCADE O-BAMA-ET22891301505600.1116
GEN-I-BEQ ELEGANT2272155957430-0.0816
OCD OBSERVER BARNEY-ET224418194953-0.18-0.0516
PINE-SHELTER CLAY WOOD-ET2222104559410.180.0716
COOMBOONA DESTRY BREEZA-IMP-ET221061537350.150.1416
VISION-GEN SHF MAXIMUS-ET221010652931-0.07-0.0316
CREEK DORIAN-ET219486449420.170.1416
D-K-SILK SYMBOL-ET215690166360.340.0716
MR CHASSITY GOLD CHIP-ET2122106855300.16-0.0516
CLEROLI DMP GALAXIE2096106657320.16-0.0216
LEADERWIN SANCHEZ MODERN-ET207010663236-0.050.0216
MISTY SPRINGS SMOKIN2050123178430.310.0216
MORNINGVIEW MARTELL CRI-ET204513052638-0.22-0.0416
GILLETTE CULMINANT2008115453450.110.0716
MR WABASH-WAY DOM EDISON-ET197218414540-0.24-0.1916
LOOKOUT P BETA184854030280.090.116
JENNY-LOU GOLDWYN TJ1846119346350.01-0.0416
DUCKETT-BH SENNET-ET184293043290.07-0.0216
CABON FIFA182131433210.210.116
POLY-KOW SHOTT ALTITUDE-ET175388842280.09016
SIEMERS ATWOOD TANKY-ET174076441240.12-0.0216
UFM-DUBS CLUSTER-ET17361304290.380.0616
HOUSAM6662595517309411531-0.17016
LANGS-TWIN-B A ARMSTRONG-ET171144939190.210.0416
SIEMERS ATWOOD THE-ONE-ET169652341180.22016
GO-FARM AKINATOR ET160942224300.110.1716
MORSAN MYSTIC1588-37933150.480.2716
HEAVENLY GOLDEN DREAMS ET1577-803270.340.0916
SIEMERS ATWOOD TALLADAGA-ET1575703090.260.0616
HAMMER-CREEK SAN KARLTON15321246928-0.36-0.1216
BHM-COOKIE COY-ET153013911140.050.116
VAN TASSELL EMBRYO 51509-38829110.450.2416
MORSAN MR WILSON14975043560.16-0.116
MORSAN MR SHOCKING14975043560.16-0.116
SIEMERS SANCHEZ BESTOUS-ET148319533146-0.39-0.1716
SIEMERS AWOOD THOUGHTFUL-ET145319422130.140.0716
SIEMERS BEE SHOCKED-ET143848432150.12-0.0116
UFM-DUBS DISH-ET1437-2452210.320.0916
BRUNNER MR TOP142718413120.060.0516
MR CROCKETT-ACRES BROCK-ET142610642327-0.15-0.0716
VIEUXSAULE TOPPI141159234190.12-0.0116
UFM-DUBS SIEMERS SHEZAM-ET1403882719-0.23-0.0916
REGANCREST S BRYSTON-ET13847211929-0.060.0616
VAL-BISSON MOROCCO13695891716-0.05-0.0416
MR BRASILIA DOMAIN BART-ET129010031320-0.24-0.1216
SIEMERS SANCHEZ BEST-ET12299343027-0.04-0.0316
SCIENTIFIC B DEITY-ET115948626170.080.0116
GENERVATIONS BAZOOKA11181756435-0.59-0.2216
RAINYRIDGE BARNIE10751586100.030.0516
COWTOWN BRAXTON SINBAD10556462217-0.01-0.0316
GLENALBAS SANCHEZ PASCAL-IMP-E102711-30-0.01016
MR LOOKOUT P ENFORCER-ET3837223791890.060.1415
RMW ANCHOR-ET33291826108590.39-0.0115
LADYS-MANOR MAN-O-SHAN-ET3299200494790.190.115
MR CHARTROISE ELDORADO-ET3168162583750.220.215
BERGITTE HATBOX3119168198690.360.1315
HAMMER-CREEK ALTAKOOL-ET3070159066680.050.1315
OCD MAN-O-MAN FINCH-ET3014158380670.190.1315
DE-SU BOOKEM XBOX 1061-ET298322177275-0.10.0215
PLAIN-KNOLL MAN-O-MAN WRAP2912110061610.190.2215
MILLER-FF IOTA EDWIN-ET2912154083590.240.0915
AJDH ALTAAGENCY28911488565600.0815
SOUTHLAND EXPLODE 71542885119071510.270.1215
MR AUBREY OBSERVE ART-ET2859205076600-0.0615
DE-SU 948-ET281122566570-0.18-0.0415
LOWLANDS HIGHLIGHT2799108975600.320.2215
AMMON-PEACHEY MEDALLION-ET2790152668600.10.115
HEATHERSTONE-V MOBILE-ET2787170582600.170.0215
MINNIGAN-HILLS DAY-ET278617745962-0.060.0515
MONREAL ET2785134070630.20.1715
JEANNIESTAR MAN O MAN KINGSMAN277822206378-0.190.0315
OCD DORCY DAZZLE-ET2767169975550.120.0115
COMESTAR LILASWAY2746202177700.030.0515
T-C-G OBSERV MASTERS2735199676610.01-0.0415
ROCCA-DG SNOWFALL-ET273320667264-0.03-0.0315
GINARY NICKEL272689085530.490.2115
DE-SU ALTAHALEY-ET272221854967-0.33-0.0515
VAL-BISSON DOMINIC270615275460-0.010.0915
VELTHUIS SGC BETS R ON2705138075610.240.1515
LEADMAE JANTINA X MAN OMAN269762266500.40.2615
ROCCAFARM-I BROCH2696211684640.08-0.0315
STANTONS FRITZ2691180172510.04-0.0815
MR ARIEL OBSRV ABRAM-ET2687172675560.1-0.0115
LADYS-MANOR OBS DORADA-ET2683180870630.020.0415
SHEMA CARNIVAL-ET266119226162-0.11-0.0315
WEIGELINE OBSRV SABER-ET264319815357-0.21-0.0815
MR CHASSITY CADILLAC-ET2640148380510.260.0315
SRP ZACHARY-ET2593156060440.01-0.0715
LADYS-MANOR G DOMINIC-ET2583112167490.240.1215
BONETTI LAUTAMON-ET2578137775500.250.0515
RONELEE SHOTTBOLT DENZEL-ET257617135347-0.11-0.0815
MR REGANCREST MANO ARRIK-ET256113424866-0.040.1715
ALL.NURE MANOMAN SIROCCO ET2538109561530.190.1515
PEN-COL SONIC-ET251315385352-0.050.0215
SNOWWAY250822575671-0.29-0.0215
DE-SU 1073-ET249816545054-0.12-0.0115
CLAUMA ALTALOOKER249391466450.30.1515
DE-SU 1315 ALLESSIO-ET2492148775500.20.0115
CO-OP CABELA-ET2486116249400.050.0215
ERBCREST ROSMAN2470100181500.410.1315
VELTHUIS SGC ATMOST245318485661-0.13015
GROVES-VU S-R MARLAND-ET2440101854300.16-0.0215
GOLD-N-OAKS SHERBORN-ET243718895855-0.13-0.0515
MAINSTREAM OB COLSTON-ET243221226861-0.11-0.0715
STONE-RAIL EMBLEM-ET2414160873460.13-0.0615
FLEURY ROSDER2410147566600.120.1215
MR GENOMICPRO PETERSBURG-ET238416355248-0.07-0.0615
D-K-SILK SAVVY-ET238069881420.540.1915
MR WABASH-WAY EQUIP-ET2374115946450.040.0615
OCD DORCY DYNAMO-ET236817164644-0.18-0.1215
ECLIPSE MOM BLOOMER-IMP-ET236750151450.30.2515
PELLERAT DORCY DAKTARI2338118645410.020.0215
COUL-QUI SLINKY2324100960460.210.1115
UFM-DUBS WATCHMAN-ET2324133262410.14-0.0215
WINDLOOPER SATYRIC-ET231793979410.440.0915
CLAYNOOK DONCASTER230286369430.370.1415
MISTY SPRINGS BRONN2297119583390.37015
MARS BRADLEY-ET225691472360.380.0515
MORNINGVIEW MAHALO224114234344-0.09-0.0115
VAL-BISSON DELTA2239125154460.080.0515
MISTY SPRINGS BREWIN223817826552-0.01-0.0715
MR WABASH-WAY ATWD EURO-ET221414285340-0.01-0.0615
DONNANVIEW A LEGALITY21911257485200.115
GLEN-TOCTIN LEVY-ET218112544440-0.02015
MR APPLES ABILITY-ET2162-35368220.830.3415
FARNEAR F BALLBOY-ET214981335320.030.0615
TWIN-CRIK ANGELMAN-ET214714564735-0.08-0.1115
LEADERWIN MOTION-ET209551258330.370.1615
GO-FARM ROYAL EUDON-ET2079114959380.15015
WILLSBRO FRANKIE ET205366343330.190.115
UFM-DUBS EOATE-ET2049102248350.090.0215
LANGS-TWIN-B CHARMER-ET204413963339-0.2-0.0715
TOUCHDOWN DMAIN BARRY 20-ET196911303434-0.08-0.0215
WESSELCREST DOMAIN 72-ET1964120650440.050.0415
ALTA SHOCKING193560549250.250.0415
RONELEE SSI HERO DAPPER-ET192573656210.29-0.0315
LEADERWIN DOMAIN MATT-ET190846533280.170.1315
REGANCREST-GV DRCY BARON-ET1906122046300.02-0.0815
LINERWAY LAUDERDALE-ET190475337220.09-0.0315
D-K-SILK ATWOOD SIREN-ET190293562360.250.0515
MR AUBREY GC ATTORNEY-ET190213373325-0.15-0.1715
GOREM-ET18631095839-0.320.0315
D-K-SILK ATWOOD SUSPENSE-ET1857101355320.16-0.0215
FARNEAR BROCADES BIGSHOT-ET184574530300.030.0715
COURT-UR-MS DOMAIN CHOMP-ET183712563835-0.07-0.0515
MAPEL WOOD KABOOM1836104352320.14-0.0215
KENMORE SNAZZY-ET183566635260.10.0315
GITOISE MURDUCK1819122348440.040.0415
MR AUBREYS AUSTIN-ET181212103327-0.1-0.1215
SCHILLDALE SHOTTLE BRETT-ET180367429270.040.0515
PALMYRA PLANET ATLEY-ET179012872438-0.23-0.0415
CME ROYAL BB KING-ET178270654240.270.0115
VAL-BISSON MORNING177510223631-0.03-0.0315
STERNDALE PS ATTRACTION175352235240.150.0715
ST GENOMICPRO ABSOLUTE-ET174650836150.18-0.0215
HENDEL TEXAS-ET172814313232-0.19-0.1415
COOMBOONA GOLD LAVABOY-IMP-ET172019838150.30.0815
SUGAR-C NAVS ATWOOD-ET172014341120.330.0615
MR AUBREYS ABEL-ET171714652433-0.3-0.1415
SIEMERS BOYZ1701120155310.09-0.0815
MS ANDIS DOMAIN AWESOME-ET169915183835-0.18-0.1415
EVER EAST16768573027-0.02-0.0115
HEATHERSTONE-V MANITOBA-ET165411233321-0.08-0.1515
UFM-DUBS DEO-ET16515164690.27-0.0615
REGANCREST-RS SAN TIAGO-ET164913771342-0.36-0.0315
RALMA GOLDWYN CHUNK1632682262600.0415
MR BRASILIA BUCKEYE-ET162649643160.230.0115
DONAL ROYAL SND STREET ET162347334160.170.0115
MARS BOYD-ET160578740210.1-0.0415
PALMYRA SANCHEZ AMMON158811192134-0.18-0.0215
BUTLERVIEW AUBREYS ACE-ET1587922519-0.3-0.1115
KLASSIC BRINKLEY-ET158311932638-0.16015
TWIN-SPRUCE BTM CASIMIR-ETS1583-5382220.440.215
TWIN-SPRUCE BTME CARLOS-ETS1583-5382220.440.215
WEBB-VUE SANCHEZ ROBERT-ET158115562338-0.33-0.1215
REGANCREST DOMAIN 9668158010682428-0.15-0.0615
TWIN-CRIK SCHEZ SHAMAN-ET15625941722-0.040.0315
ABARI154310762532-0.15-0.0415
RUGG-DOC CAGE-ET15391677240.010.1815
UFM-DUBS SHEZRAY-ET152172436220.11015
SIEMERS ATWOOD ATLEE-BOY-ET150712111210.080.1715
GITOISE GILMOR148310501635-0.21015
RYAN-CREST EMBASSY-ET147221437110.30.0515
MR CHRTROIS SANCHEZ LEGO-ET14339371132-0.210.0315
FLEURY GEN TOP Z142711711832-0.24-0.0515
EASTSIDE L AMAZED140488237240.05-0.0515
REGANCREST DRCY BARNU-ET14025151820-0.010.0415
PENNVIEW LINDENWOOD1400-3273350.450.1515
MELARRY SANCHEZ FALLON-ET138110681033-0.28-0.0215
CLAYTONCREST SAN ADAM-ET13521223832-0.36-0.0815
GENERVATIONS BLIZZARD12731203-430-0.46-0.0915
FRADON AULTUM11756402122-0.010.0215
JACOBS BENCHMARK116588838190.06-0.0915
MIDAS-TOUCH AS REDEEM-ET1099-291810.180.0215
ROSE-VUE AFTERSHCK AARON-ET10971671840.11-0.0115
WORMONT REMINGTON-ET10812039140.030.0815
LEWISDALE EASTSIDE AMAZER1081366-14-0.16-0.0815
HOUSAM666259531073950421-0.28-0.0915
FARNEAR BROCADE BRANDO-ET107155918-0.19-0.0815
MR BRASILIA BRAVE-ET10521143-213-0.44-0.2315
CANYON-BREEZE AF ANALYZE-ET10373532350.1-0.0515
SANROX103010291619-0.18-0.1215
MR CROCKETTE-AC BORDEAUX-ET99418042333-0.43-0.2515
WINDSOR-MANOR ZE SAVAGE-ET985738-117-0.27-0.0615
GENERVATIONS BRAVADO940824-621-0.34-0.0615
RIETBEN CORDUROY938-101-1513-0.110.1515
KLASSIC BARCLAY-ET864694322-0.190.0115
GENERVATIONS LIQUID GOLD36071655105870.430.2914
DE-SU DISTINCTION 11130-ET34471954101740.280.0814
STANTONS BOOKKEEPER3361202176830.030.1714
TEXEL BEAUTY COSMO-ET3353138497690.450.2114
MISTY SPRINGS NUMBER ONE32981396107710.540.2314
TEEMAR OBSERVER ADAM-ET325124238980-0.010.0114
COOKIECUTTER HEFTY-ET3237191788840.150.1814
COOKIECUTTER MOM HUNTER-ET3214183888760.180.1314
MR WABASH-WAY ENCINO-ET3197203283820.050.1214
GENERVATIONS GIZMO3195189982770.120.1214
MOUNTFIELD SSI DCY MOGUL-ET3187190588670.160.0414
AMIGHETTI NUMERO UNO ET3125115788540.430.1314
HY-JO-DE OBSERVER LOREN-ET310822258076-0.030.0314
SULLY HARTFORD SWMN MINK-ET305522788081-0.030.0814
S-S-I PATRIOT MADE-ET3048159074630.140.0914
VELTHUIS R DEVAN3046183588680.20.114
O-COSMOPOLITAN-ET3020182598750.320.1514
COYNE-FARMS DORCY YIM-ET296122606761-0.17-0.1214
VELTHUIS R DALMENY2951162683690.220.1714
LESPEREE GLOBAL2933183977730.090.1314
JOLIBOIS TAG OBSCUR2931138370640.190.1714
SANDY-VALLEY SALOON-ET291722857877-0.060.0314
HAMMER-CREEK M-O-M KIRBY-ET291693261640.240.3114
LARCREST CLUMBO-ET29151499103600.480.1114
STANTONS SNWMN EA ELDO290824668075-0.12-0.0414
DPR CARAMINATOR2907164280700.20.1714
LOOKOUT P EMBRACING2904137869540.170.0814
COMESTAR LOPPORTUNIST2903249895820.040.0114
STANTONS EROSION2884263399750.01-0.0814
DE-SU DORCY MOONBOY 954-ET286219164661-0.24-0.0214
LADYS-MANOR OBS DIEGO-ET2848116486560.420.1714
MR LOOKOUT P BONA FIDE-ET284222507278-0.140.0214
COOKIECUTTER HELLS-BELLS-ET282920737078-0.090.0714
RONELEE SSI O DADDY-ET282624266873-0.21-0.0414
KINGDOMHAVEN MAN MALT-ET2820113776630.330.2414
FREUREHAVEN LOUDER281926599180-0.06-0.0614
COYNE-FARMS SUPER YANK-ET279121526073-0.20.0414
CO-VISTA DIGGER DABBLE-ET279018954871-0.230.0914
JK EDER-I CAPTAIN278622446971-0.14014
REGANCREST BEAU-ET2785114074680.30.2714
LARCREST CREDIT-ET2772114286520.440.1614
OCD DORCY DEPUTY-ET2769225184700-0.0314
ROSE ALTAHITMAN2750137069630.160.1614
GBM BL OBSERVER RODGERS-ET2749164488570.260.0414
PELLERAT SLALOM2735210684600.07-0.0714
FLY-HIGHER MOTOROLA-ET273126967074-0.28-0.1114
HEATHERSTONE-V MONTAGE-ET2728156977610.170.0714
ROYOLA M-O-M PRANCE-ET272380776530.430.2314
AMITIES LEGO2705198381670.070.0214
STANTONS ABBOTT270019175769-0.130.0614
B-S-D OBSERVER RAVEN-ET269324698665-0.06-0.1514
DREAM-PRAIRIE M-O-M BEST-ET269039559510.420.3414
OCD IOTA BATMAN-ET2681124268570.210.1714
STANTONS SNOWMAN EA COLTON267523926168-0.28-0.0814
MICISHACH ALTASWINGER-ET2668143191470.360.0114
EVEN-PAR SHF CANNON-ET266618445458-0.14-0.0214
FLOTPOM2655127970590.210.1514
VAL-BISSON DOMESTIC2645107175420.370.0814
WATERMOLEN ALTAZICO2628112485560.410.1714
EILDON-TWEED SUPER CHAP-ET262318515959-0.08-0.0114
DE-SU DORCY MAYOR 950-ET260318454760-0.21014
SPRINGLAWN BONJOVI2598157770540.110.0414
MATCREST JL CICERO-ET259586975350.420.0614
PLAYBALL BROMINE-ET2594137161620.090.1414
SUMMERLIZ MAN O MAN LAUGAN259218686468-0.070.0414
LARCREST COMPTON-ETS2591143868560.170.114
SEAGULL-BAY SENATE-ET2590149075580.20.0814
SANDY-VALLEY SNOWCAT-ET2585207789610.13-0.0514
SHEMA IOTA CHESTER-ET258417566359-0.030.0214
SIEMERS ROBUST GOOGLE-ET2584103966400.260.0614
FARNEAR BREWSTER-ET2579105864530.250.1814
CO-OP UPD TRIGGER FLASH-ET2578146057600.020.1114
ZBW-SHD BEACON DELIVER-ET2578175675560.1014
ZANI FUOCO2574125468690.210.2514
GILLETTE CARMELLO255921136870-0.080.0314
GILLETTE CALENDAR255921136870-0.080.0314
DE-SU D MAYFIELD 893-ET255918465758-0.1-0.0214
BOSDALE FOREVER2559138892480.380.0314
BENNER JAETYN255994379430.420.114
LARCREST CANCUN-ET2556158878580.20.0614
HOL-STAR HEFTY TYSON2531193276620.03-0.0114
DE-SU 957-ET252913883949-0.130.0414
LARS-ACRES PLANET FRICTION251820037072-0.040.0614
KINGS-RANSOM I DODGER-ET2512109168520.270.1614
REGANCREST DRCY PARIDE-ET251218286149-0.08-0.114
BLUE-HORIZON ALTASUPLEX250914972453-0.290.0514
DE-SU 1053-ET249419485458-0.17-0.0614
VISION-GEN ALTAQUARTZ-ET2486159670540.110.0214
MARBRI BOURG247570799330.720.114
SABBIONA JIGGS2469118687390.42014
HANALEE CASINO2467134377570.260.1214
MORSAN MR SNOW BUSINESS2465163178560.170.0414
SULLY DOMAIN MASSIMO CRI-ET246417494956-0.13-0.0114
ROCCA DG SNOWBRUSH-ET2451152270540.140.0514
COLDSPRINGS UMAN 9473-ET245179975520.440.2314
ROCCAFARM-I BOOGIE2443160168530.090.0114
REGANCREST BRONZE-ET243319066262-0.090.0114
DG MISTERY-ET243194378450.420.1314
OCD DRCY DAYS OF THUNDER-ET242521835264-0.28-0.0714
DE-SU MAYNARD 910-ET242316034753-0.110.0114
WESSELCREST DORCY 80-ET2418160571530.110.0114
WABASH-WAY EVES EDGAR-ET241513955158-0.010.1214
A-L-H COURIER-ET2408138463570.120.1314
REGAN-ALH MANO EVANO-ET24061148436000.214
REGANCREST-GV BALDWIN-ET2401129955420.060.0114
CHERRY CREST ROZMAN2399120364550.180.1314
FARNEAR BRILEY BOYANA-ET239214104438-0.07-0.0614
GOLDEN-OAKS MACHMAN-ET2388121151530.040.114
MR CHAKA CALK-ET2384119459420.140.0414
LANGS-TWIN-B MAN-O ALAN-ET237732762510.480.3714
MR SNOWBASES-ET237422185856-0.24-0.1414
VELTHUIS ACAPULCO2364178269580.030.0114
SHEEKNOLL ALTATWILIGHT-ET2354141060570.090.1114

* gLPI = 51% Production + 34% Durability + 15% Health & Fertility
** %RK calculated using the 2013 Canadian Holstein Bulls and Cow Percentile Rank Tables
*** LPI values are reported using the 2013 base

On percentile rank top polled Holsteins compare very well with top horned Holsteins. Note that for Health and Fertility the top polled animals are slightly ahead of horned males and females. The area where top polled Holsteins have some catching up yet to do is in production, primarily in the volumes of fat and protein produced.

What Route will you take on the Polled Road?

Two routes have been taken by North American Holstein breeders to get the top ten polled males and females born in 2012 and 2013. Those routes yield heterozygous polled progeny and they are: i) breed a polled female, of relatively high total merit, to a very high genomically tested horn male; or ii) use the highest genomically tested polled bull available on a very high genomically tested horned female. As it turns out exactly half of the males and half of the females came from each route.  For these top twenty polled animals the sires used on the polled females were Supersire, Uno, AltaOak and McCutchen and in all cases the polled sire was Da-So-Burn MOM Earnhardt-P (Man-O-Man x Shamrock x Shottle). Either route was equally effective.

Matters to Consider

Breeders, who are ready to incorporate the dominant polled gene into their Holsteins, should consider the following:

  • Inbreeding – no matter horned or polled if a mating will result in an Inbreeding Percentage over 7-8% then serious thought needs to be given to selecting an alternate sire. On the polled side breeders often mention avoiding LawnBoy but just as serious is the fact that Shottle, Oman, Planet, Goldwyn, Bolton, … dominate Holstein pedigrees.
  • Only when homozygous (PP) polled sires are used will all progeny be polled. At the current time, the very best PP sires are only 2000 gTPI or 2500 gLPI, so they are still quite a distance behind the breed leaders. Expect the merit of PP sires, relative to P or horned sires, to change in the next 4-5 years.
  • Buyers are paying a premium for polled males or females or embryos from polled parents.

The Bullvine Bottom Line

The incorporation of the dominant polled gene into the Holstein breed has moved from the fringe or a fad to being a topic every breeder must be aware of. All breeders need to seriously search out and start using polled bulls that are 2300+ gTPI or 3000+ gLPI. (Watch for a future article on The Bullvine that will address which polled sires to use) It is not about changing for the sake of change. It is about being mainstream. Polled is here to stay.

 

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As we move forward and anticipate the excitement that will be part of dairy breeding in 2014, we have the opportunity to start the year off right by building on the achievements of the past year. Back by popular demand, the 2013 Breeder’s Choice Awards – Tanbark Trail Edition is better than ever. The final show ribbons and rosettes have been awarded for 2013 and now it is your turn, the passionate dairy breeder, to decide who is the “Best of the Best”. The Breeder’s Choice Awards celebrate fan favorites in the show ring, index cows, sires and dairy celebrities.  It stands alone as the only major award where real people – not industry insiders – determine the winners.  (Click here for a PDF listing of all the nominations)

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